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Substance abuse among women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168591/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-trend-and-expenditure-in-louisiana-medicaid-2003-2013
#1
Ekwutosi M Okoroh, Rebekah E Gee, Baogong Jiang, Melissa B McNeil, Beverly A Hardy-Decuir, Amy L Zapata
Objectives Determine trends in incidence and expenditure for perinatal drug exposure and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) among Louisiana's Medicaid population. We also describe the maternal characteristics of NAS affected infants. Methods Retrospective cohort analysis using linked Medicaid and vital records data from 2003 to 2013. Conducted incidence and cost trends for drug exposed infants with and without NAS. Also performed comparison statistics among drug exposed infants with and without NAS and those not drug exposed...
February 6, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126016/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-associated-risk-factors-among-hiv-infected-women-within-reproductive-age-group-at-mizan-aman-general-hospital-southwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke, Yayehirad Alemu Melsew
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasmosis is serious in the case of immune suppression and prenatal transmission. In immunocompromised hosts, it is manifested primarily as a life-threatening condition, toxoplasmic encephalitis. Congenital toxoplasmosis results in abortion or congenitally acquired disorders which primarily affect the central nervous system. This study assessed seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) infection and associated factors among HIV-infected women within the reproductive age group (18-49 years) at Mizan Aman General Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia...
January 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103125/opt-out-patient-navigation-to-improve-breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-among-homeless-women
#3
Ramin Asgary, Ramesh Naderi, Juan Wisnivesky
BACKGROUND: A patient navigation model was implemented to improve breast and cervical cancer screening among women who were homeless in five shelters and shelter clinics in New York City in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Navigation consisted of opt-out screening to eligible women; cancer health and screening education; scheduling and following up for screening completion, obtaining, and communicating results to patients and providers; and care coordination with social services organizations...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077602/diagnoses-of-sexual-abuse-and-their-common-registered-comorbidities-in-the-total-population-of-stockholm
#4
Gita Rajan, Gunnar Ljunggren, Per Wändell, Lars Wahlström, Carl-Göran Svedin, Axel C Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Prior research based on self-reports has proven sexual abuse to be a risk factor for pain and psychiatric disorders. However, less is known about how this is reflected within the healthcare system. The aim of this study was to study the 2-year prevalence of diagnosis of sexual abuse and concomitant conditions. METHODS: Using data from VAL, the study population included all living persons in Stockholm County, Sweden, between 1 January 2008 and 31 December 2014 (N=2 549 496)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062468/comparison-of-self-perceived-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-smokers-with-framingham-and-procam-scores-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-baseline-data-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Benoît Desgraz, Tinh-Hai Collet, Nicolas Rodondi, Jacques Cornuz, Carole Clair
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies suggest that smokers have a misperception of their 10-year cardiovascular risk. We aimed to compare 10-year cardiovascular risk self-perception and calculated risk among smokers willing to quit and assess the determinants of a possible misperception. DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary analysis of baseline data from a randomised controlled trial of smoking cessation. PARTICIPANTS: 514 participants, mean age 51.1 years, 46% women, 98% Caucasian...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043518/tuberculosis-in-vulnerable-populations-in-eastern-mediterranean-region-implications-for-control
#6
Sadia Shakoor, Rumina Hasan
AIMS & OBJECTIVES: Socially and economically disadvantaged or "vulnerable" people are at high risk of tuberculosis (TB) and also contribute to active chains of TB transmission. Included in such vulnerable populations are children, women, prisoners, people living with human immunodeficiency virus, the homeless, and displaced people. The ongoing active transmission of TB among such populations is made more difficult to assess and control by difficult access, health inequities, poverty, and other chronic and debilitating health conditions at individual, domestic, and community levels...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042394/network-approaches-to-substance-use-and-hiv-hepatitis-c-risk-among-homeless-youth-and-adult-women-in-the-united-states-a-review
#7
Kirk Dombrowski, Kelley Sittner, Devan Crawford, Melissa Welch-Lazoritz, Patrick Habecker, Bilal Khan
During the United States economic recession of 2008-2011, the number of homeless and unstably housed people in the United States increased considerably. Homeless adult women and unaccompanied homeless youth make up the most marginal segments of this population. Because homeless individuals are a hard to reach population, research into these marginal groups has traditionally been a challenge for researchers interested in substance abuse and mental health. Network analysis techniques and research strategies offer means for dealing with traditional challenges such as missing sampling frames, variation in definitions of homelessness and study inclusion criteria, and enumeration/population estimation procedures...
September 2016: Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024303/depression-in-women-with-recurrent-miscarriages-an-exploratory-study
#8
Ariel Cesar de Carvalho, Michele Eugênio da Silva, Bárbara Magueta Matos, Cassio Machado de Campos Bottino, Anelise Riedel Abrahão, Frederico Molina Cohrs, Sara Mota Borges Bottino
Objective To assess depression, domestic violence and the use of substances in women with recurrent miscarriages. Methods The Abuse Assessment Screen (AAS), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) were used to assess violence, depression and the use of substances among women with recurrent miscarriages. The population corresponded to patients receiving prenatal care from June to August 2014. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the multivariable relationship between depression and sociodemographic, psychosocial and medical characteristics (p < 0,10)...
December 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017185/failure-to-get-into-substance-abuse-treatment
#9
Dennis G Fisher, Grace L Reynolds, Laura H D'Anna, David W Hosmer, Kholoud Hardan-Khalil
Among substance abusers in the US, the discrepancy in the number who access substance abuse treatment and the number who need treatment is sizable. This results in a major public health problem of access to treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics of Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs) that either hinder or facilitate access to treatment. 2646 participants were administered the Risk Behavior Assessment (RBA) and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. The RBA included the dependent variable which was responses to the question "During the last year, have you ever tried, but been unable, to get into a drug treatment or detox program?" In multivariate analysis, factors associated with being unable to access treatment included: Previously been in drug treatment (OR=4...
February 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009330/failure-to-initiate-breastfeeding-among-high-risk-obstetrical-patients-who-intended-to-breastfeed
#10
L Cordero, R Oza-Frank, M Moore-Clingenpeel, M B Landon, C A Nankervis
BACKGROUND: In the US, at the time of discharge from the hospital, 79% of women had initiated breastfeeding. Intention to breastfeed is a strong predictor of breastfeeding initiation; however, we reported initiation failure in 45% of women with pregestational diabetes who intended to breastfeed. Information regarding intention and initiation among women with other high risk obstetrical conditions (HROB) remains scarce. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain demographic and clinical factors associated with breastfeeding initiation failure among women with HROB conditions who intended to breastfeed...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008576/-barriers-to-addressing-pregnant-patients-cigarette-and-alcohol-use-a-focus-group-study-with-gynecologists
#11
A Stiegler, L Bieber, K Karacay, F Wernz, A Batra
Objectives/Purpose: Alcohol drinking and tobacco smoking pose high health risks for the unborn child. Even though routine testing during the course of pregnancy facilitates early intervention, addressing substance use in pregnancy seems to be more difficult. The aim of the study was to identify barriers to addressing pregnant patients' cigarette and alcohol use. Methods: 2 focus groups (in total N=10 participants) were conducted with gynaecologists. The transcripts of the discussions were analysed using Mayring's approach of qualitative text analysis...
December 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008266/gender-comparison-in-referrals-and-treatment-completion-to-residential-and-outpatient-alcohol-treatment
#12
Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Valory De Lucia, Deyu Pan, Mona Mojtahedzadeh, Elham Rahmani, Sinan Jabori, Golara Zahmatkesh, Mohsen Bazargan
BACKGROUND: Residential treatment for alcoholism is associated with high completion rates for clients, yet there appear to be gender disparities in patient referrals and treatment completion rates. We studied whether (A) gender is associated with differential patient placement to outpatient vs. residential treatment facilities and (B) completion rates differ by gender. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the admission and discharge data from 185 publicly funded substance abuse treatment facilities across Los Angeles County between 2005 and 2010...
2016: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992810/age-at-menarche-predicts-age-at-onset-of-major-affective-and-anxiety-disorders
#13
L Tondo, M Pinna, G Serra, L De Chiara, R J Baldessarini
BACKGROUND: Menarche age has been associated inconsistently with the occurrence, timing or severity of major depressive disorder (MDD), but rarely studied in women with bipolar (BDs) or anxiety disorders. METHODS: We investigated women patients at a Sardinian mood disorder center for associations of age at menarche with age at illness onset for major affective or anxiety disorders, year of birth, and other selected factors, using bivariate comparisons and multivariate regression modeling...
December 16, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987578/impact-of-age-and-comorbidity-on-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-recurrence-following-complete-resection-a-nationally-representative-cohort-study
#14
Melisa L Wong, Timothy L McMurry, George J Stukenborg, Amanda B Francescatti, Carla Amato-Martz, Jessica R Schumacher, George J Chang, Caprice C Greenberg, David P Winchester, Daniel P McKellar, Louise C Walter, Benjamin D Kozower
OBJECTIVE: Older patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are less likely to receive guideline-recommended treatment at diagnosis, independent of comorbidity. However, national data on treatment of postoperative recurrence are limited. We evaluated the associations between age, comorbidity, and other patient factors and treatment of postoperative NSCLC recurrence in a national cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We randomly selected 9001 patients with surgically resected stage I-III NSCLC in 2006-2007 from the National Cancer Data Base...
December 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969079/depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-college-students-in-iran
#15
Akiko Kamimura, Maziar M Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Kathy Franchek-Roa
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health threat and causes mental as well as physical health problems. Depression is a common mental health consequence of IPV. While Iran has a high prevalence of IPV and depression, the association between IPV and depression has not been well examined. The Iranian data from the International Dating Violence Study (IDVS) 2001-2006 (ICPSR 29583) were analyzed. Twenty-three male and 75 female college students were selected in the IDVS Iranian data. Nearly all of the participants, male and female, reported being victims and perpetrators of IPV...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943472/hospital-care-for-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-conditions-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Allison W Willis, Dylan P Thibault, Peter N Schmidt, E Ray Dorsey, Daniel Weintraub
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine mental health conditions among hospitalized individuals with Parkinson's disease in the United States. METHODS: This was a serial cross-sectional study of hospitalizations of individuals aged ≥60 identified in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample dataset from 2000 to 2010. We identified all hospitalizations with a diagnosis of PD, alcohol abuse, anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression, impulse control disorders, mania, psychosis, substance abuse, and attempted suicide/suicidal ideation...
December 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#17
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849644/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-opportunities-for-an-earlier-detection-in-primary-care
#18
Francesco Lapi, Alice Capogrosso Sansone, Stefania Mantarro, Monica Simonetti, Marco Tuccori, Corrado Blandizzi, Alessandro Rossi, Giampaolo Corti, Alessandro Bartoloni, Alfonso Bellia, Leonardo Baiocchi, Iacopo Cricelli, Claudio Cricelli
BACKGROUND/AIM: In the era of direct-acting antiviral medications, which can cure the hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, the actual epidemiology of this condition in the general population is still unclear. We therefore aimed to estimate the prevalence rate of HCV and assess the determinants for incident cases of HCV in primary care in Italy. METHODS: We identified outpatients aged at least 15 years registered in the Italian Health Search IMS Health Longitudinal Patient Database from 1 January 2002 to 30 June 2013...
March 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846829/gender-moderates-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-internalizing-and-substance-use-disorders-later-in-life-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#19
Xiangfei Meng, Carl D'Arcy
BACKGROUND: Although some studies examined the moderating role of gender in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and mental disorders later in life, a number of them examined the effects of only one or two types of maltreatment on an individual mental disorder, for instance, depression, substance use. It is of considerable clinical and theoretical importance to have in-depth understanding what roles of different types of childhood abuse play out in a wide range of mental disorders among women and men using well accepted instruments measuring abuse and mental disorders...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835858/psychosocial-problems-in-children-of-women-entering-substance-use-disorder-treatment-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Timothy J O'Farrell
BACKGROUND: While parental substance use disorder (SUD) has been recognized as a risk factor for child outcomes, past research seldom focused specifically on children whose mothers suffer from alcohol and drug use disorders. Are these children at risk for elevated psychosocial problems, and would such risk be reduced if maternal substance use was reduced? AIMS: Children of substance-abusing mothers (COSAM, N=130) were compared to a demographically matched comparison sample, and examined soon after their mothers entered SUD treatment and in the 18months after treatment entry...
February 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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