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Substance abuse among women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806374/long-acting-reversible-contraception-among-homeless-women-veterans-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Lori M Gawron, Andrew Redd, Ying Suo, Warren Pettey, David K Turok, Adi V Gundlapalli
BACKGROUND: US women Veterans are at increased risk of homelessness and chronic health conditions associated with unintended pregnancy. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provision of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) can assist in healthy pregnancy planning. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perinatal risk factors and LARC exposure in ever-homeless women Veterans. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of women Veterans using VHA administrative data from fiscal years 2002-2015...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803556/buffering-effects-of-safe-supportive-and-nurturing-relationships-among-women-with-childhood-histories-of-maltreatment
#2
S R Jaffee, R Takizawa, L Arseneault
BACKGROUND: Adults who were victims of childhood maltreatment tend to have poorer health compared with adults who did not experience abuse. However, many are in good health. We tested whether safe, supportive, and nurturing relationships buffer women with a history of childhood maltreatment from poor health outcomes in later life. METHODS: Participants included women from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Twin Study who were involved in an intimate relationship at some point by the time their twin children were 10 years old...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782982/sleep-continuity-architecture-and-quality-among-treatment-seeking-cannabis-users-an-in-home-unattended-polysomnographic-study
#3
Lauren R Pacek, Evan S Herrmann, Michael T Smith, Ryan Vandrey
The objective of the study was to describe self-report and objectively measured sleep characteristics of adult treatment-seeking cannabis users. Study participants (n = 87) were adults who were screened for a 12-week outpatient cannabis treatment research program in Baltimore, MD. Participants completed objective and self-report measures of sleep quality. Data were analyzed for the sample overall and after stratifying by sex (54 men, 33 women). Participants were primarily urban, socioeconomically disadvantaged African Americans...
August 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767014/hiv-risk-substance-use-and-personality-characteristics-among-adults-with-history-of-serious-mental-illness
#4
Cathryn H Mainville, Mark A Richardson, Stephen M Brady, Jori Berger-Greenstein, Janine Bacic
The present study examined the relationship between characteristics associated with personality disorders, substance use, and HIV risk among adults with a history of serious mental illness. Participants included 103 adults with antisocial or borderline personality disorder, serious mental illness, and recent HIV risk behavior. The sample was predominately male (64%), diverse (42% African American and 13% Hispanic), and homeless/marginally housed (76%). In order to examine the relationship between personality characteristics and risk we constructed a risk index comprising key symptoms of antisocial and borderline personality disorders, namely; impulsivity, affective instability, and disregard for safety of self/others...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756896/differences-in-u-s-suicide-rates-by-educational-attainment-2000-2014
#5
Julie A Phillips, Katherine Hempstead
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to document the association between education and suicide risk, in light of rising suicide rates and socioeconomic differentials in mortality in the U.S. METHODS: Differentials and trends in U.S. suicide rates by education were examined from 2000 to 2014 using death certificate data on 442,135 suicides from the National Center for Health Statistics and Census data. Differences in the circumstances and characteristics of suicide deaths by education were investigated using 2013 data from the National Violent Death Reporting System for nine states...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755772/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-treatment-seeking-women-with-full-and-subthreshold-ptsd-and-concurrent-cannabis-and-cocaine-use-disorders
#6
Lesia M Ruglass, Alina Shevorykin, Christina Brezing, Mei-Chen Hu, Denise A Hien
While the detrimental effects of concurrent substance use disorders (SUDs) are now being well documented, very few studies have examined this comorbidity among women with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Data for these analyses were derived from the "Women and Trauma" study conducted within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network. Women with full or subthreshold PTSD and co-occurring cannabis use disorder (CUD) and cocaine use disorder (COD; N=99) were compared to their counterparts with co-occurring CUD only (N=26) and co-occurring COD only (N=161) on rates of trauma exposure, psychiatric disorders, psychosocial problems, and other substance use utilizing a set of multivariate logistic regressions...
September 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747094/a-comparison-of-socioeconomic-status-and-mental-health-among-inner-city-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women
#7
Kevin Hamdullahpur, Kahá Wi J Jacobs, Kathryn J Gill
Aboriginal women in urban areas have been reported to experience high rates of poverty, homelessness, interpersonal violence, and health problems. However, there are few prior ethnocultural comparisons of urban women from similar socioeconomic backgrounds. The current study explored the mental and physical health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women accessing social services agencies and shelters. Half of the sample (n=172) was Aboriginal (48.3%). The lifetime rate of physical abuse was significantly higher in Aboriginal women, and they were more likely to have been victims of violence or crime in the past year (A=50...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728525/gender-differences-in-causes-of-death-among-persons-with-hiv-aids-in-san-francisco-california-1996-2013
#8
Nancy A Hessol, Sandra K Schwarcz, Ling Chin Hsu, Martha Shumway, Edward L Machtinger
The objective was to examine gender differences in causes of death using the San Francisco HIV/AIDS and death registries. Data from San Francisco residents diagnosed with HIV/AIDS who died from 1996 to 2013 were analyzed. Age, race/ethnicity, year, and gender-adjusted standardized mortality ratios and Poisson 95% confidence intervals were calculated for underlying causes of death. Among the 6268 deaths, deaths attributed to drug use, mental disorders due to substance use, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, renal disease, and septicemia were more likely among women than among men...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714446/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-health-protective-sexual-communication-content-discussed-scale-for-young-women-in-gaborone-botswana
#9
Mabel K M Magowe, Marcia McDonnell Holstad
Health protective sexual communication can reduce HIV transmission, but women in Botswana find it difficult because of cultural barriers, suggesting the need for relevant measures. A Health Protective Sexual Communication Content Discussed Scale was developed and tested among young women aged 21-35 years in Gaborone, Botswana, to guide HIV prevention interventions. The project was conducted from June 2006 to August 2007. Literature review, expert advice, and a qualitative pilot guided the process. The scale had 22 items...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689643/suicide-means-among-decedents-aged-50-years-2005-2014-trends-and-associations-with-sociodemographic-and-precipitating-factors
#10
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Mark S Kaplan, Yeates Conwell
OBJECTIVE: To examine 1) temporal trends between 2005 and 2014 in the three most frequently used suicide means (firearms, hanging/suffocation, alcohol/drug/medicine overdose) by decedents aged 50+ years and 2) associations of suicide means with sociodemographic and precipitating factors. METHODS: The National Violent Death Reporting System, 2005-2014, provided data (N = 46,857). Suicide means were identified from ICD-10 codes for underlying cause of death and coroner/medical examiner (CME) reports...
July 6, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689089/a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-in-treating-drug-use-among-israeli-mothers-an-intersectional-perspective
#11
Keren Gueta
RATIONALE: Despite the benefits and availability of drug treatment in Western countries, research has shown low utilisation rates, especially by mothers. Studies have indicated internal barriers (e.g., shame) and external/structural barriers (e.g., poverty) to women's utilisation of drug treatment, but little is known about the interrelated axes of marginalization that create such barriers and, even less, facilitators of treatment. A promising avenue for examining this path may be the theoretical perspective of intersectionality, which has often been used to illustrate how women's experiences are shaped by gender in conjunction with other factors, including class, age, and race...
June 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682879/sociodemographic-differences-among-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-recently-pregnant-women-in-mexico-city-a-case-control-study
#12
Daniel Aguilar-Zapata, Alicia Piñeirúa-Menéndez, Patricia Volkow-Fernández, Patricia Rodríguez-Zulueta, Ubaldo Ramos-Alamillo, Teresita Cabrera-López, Alexandra Martin-Onraet
National HIV preventive programs in Mexico focus on high-risk groups that do not consider women, apart from prenatal screening. Nonetheless, the epidemic in women is growing, and there is a need to better understand sociodemographic factors in women living with HIV (WLH). We performed a case-control study in Mexico City, including HIV+ and HIV- women with a recent pregnancy to compare their sociodemographic characteristics and describe the circumstances of diagnosis in HIV+ women, as well as prenatal screening frequency in both groups...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649302/differential-predictors-of-dsm-5-ptsd-and-icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-african-american-women
#13
Abigail Powers, Negar Fani, Sierra Carter, Dorthie Cross, Marylene Cloitre, Bekh Bradley
Background: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is proposed for inclusion in the ICD-11 as a diagnosis distinct from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reflecting deficits in affective, self-concept, and relational domains. There remains significant controversy over whether CPTSD provides useful diagnostic information beyond PTSD and other comorbid conditions, such as depression or substance use disorders. Objective: The present study examined differences in psychiatric presentation for three groups: traumatized controls, DSM-5 PTSD subjects, and ICD-11 CPTSD subjects...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641929/initiation-and-engagement-with-methadone-treatment-among-pregnant-and-postpartum-women
#14
Kristin M Mattocks, Robin Clark, Linda Weinreb
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of experiences and challenges with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and obstetrical care among pregnant and postpartum women enrolled in a methadone maintenance program. RESEARCH DESIGN: The study featured a grounded theory approach including two focus groups with pregnant and postpartum methadone users at a methadone maintenance clinic in Worcester, Massachusetts. Two research team members conducted and recorded focus groups, which took approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour...
June 19, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635522/dietary-intake-among-opioid-and-alcohol-using-pregnant-women
#15
Shikhar Shrestha, Elizabeth Jimenez, Laura Garrison, Peter Pribis, Dennis W Raisch, Julia M Stephen, Ludmila N Bakhireva
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse in nonpregnant adults has been associated with increased intake in calories and decreased intake of nutrient-dense foods; however, studies examining dietary intake in opioid-using and alcohol-using pregnant women are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate dietary intake in opioid-using pregnant women with or without concurrent light-to-moderate alcohol use as compared to abstaining controls. METHODS: This prospective birth cohort included 102 pregnant women classified into four study groups: controls (n = 27), medication-assisted treatment (MAT; n = 26), alcohol (ALC; n = 22), and concurrent use of both substances (MAT + ALC; n = 27)...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585455/examination-of-the-modified-somatic-perception-questionnaire-mspq-in-a-large-sample-of-credible-and-noncredible-patients-referred-for-neuropsychological-testing
#16
Mariam Balasanyan, Kyle B Boone, Annette Ermshar, Deborah Miora, Maria Cottingham, Tara L Victor, Elizabeth Ziegler, Michelle A Zeller, Matthew Wright
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluated MSPQ sensitivity to noncredible PVT performance in the context of external incentive, and examined MSPQ false positive rates in noncompensation-seeking neuropsychology patients; and investigated effects of ethnicity/culture, gender, and somatoform diagnosis on MSPQ scores, and relationships with PVT and MMPI-2-RF data. METHOD: MSPQ scores were compared in credible (n = 110) and noncredible (n = 153) neuropsychology referrals...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582944/good-job-bad-job-the-employment-experiences-of-women-in-recovery-from%C3%A2-substance-abuse
#17
Joyce K Sinakhone, Bronwyn A Hunter, Leonard A Jason
BACKGROUND: Women in metropolitan areas have lower employment participation and employment rates than men. Although women face multiple challenges in the labor market, those who have a history of substance use and are abstinent may have a greater disadvantage in obtaining viable employment opportunities due to factors associated with substance use. No research to date has examined employment experiences among women in recovery from substance use. OBJECTIVE: This study examined employment characteristics and experiences of women who had a history of substance use and lived in sober-living environments in urban areas...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558858/adolescents-from-upper-middle-class-communities-substance-misuse-and-addiction-across-early-adulthood
#18
Suniya S Luthar, Phillip J Small, Lucia Ciciolla
In this prospective study of upper middle class youth, we document frequency of alcohol and drug use, as well as diagnoses of abuse and dependence, during early adulthood. Two cohorts were assessed as high school seniors and then annually across 4 college years (New England Study of Suburban Youth younger cohort [NESSY-Y]), and across ages 23-27 (NESSY older cohort [NESSY-O]; ns = 152 and 183 at final assessments, respectively). Across gender and annual assessments, results showed substantial elevations, relative to norms, for frequency of drunkenness and using marijuana, stimulants, and cocaine...
May 31, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528172/cannabis-and-pregnancy-maternal-child-health-implications-during-a-period-of-drug-policy-liberalization
#19
Katrina Mark, Mishka Terplan
Cannabis use is common and increasing among women in the United States. State policies are changing with a movement towards decriminalization and legalization. We explore the implications of cannabis liberalization for maternal and child health. Most women who use cannabis quit or cut back during pregnancy. Although women are concerned about the possible health effects of cannabis, providers do a poor job of counseling. There is a theoretical potential for cannabis to interfere with neurodevelopment, however human data have not identified any long-term or long lasting meaningful differences between children exposed in utero to cannabis and those not...
May 18, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524758/seeking-safety-group-therapy-for-co-occurring-substance-use-disorder-and-ptsd-among-transgender-women-living-with-hiv-a-pilot-study
#20
Susannah Empson, Yvette P Cuca, Jennifer Cocohoba, Carol Dawson-Rose, Katy Davis, Edward L Machtinger
Transgender women living with HIV experience high rates of substance use, violence, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Seeking Safety is a manualized, present-focused, cognitive-behavioral therapy program designed to address co-occurring substance use and PTSD. Seeking Safety has evidence of efficacy in a variety of populations but had not been evaluated specifically with people living with HIV or transgender women. We pilot-tested a 12-session Seeking Safety program with a group of transgender women living with HIV who reported substance use and a history of violence...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
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