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Substance abuse among women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206568/in-utero-exposure-to-opioids-an-observational-study-of-mothers-involved-in-the-child-welfare-system
#1
Gregory Bushman, Bryan G Victor, Joseph P Ryan, Brian E Perron
BACKGROUND: Women are underrepresented in the current substance abuse research; however, women are a particularly vulnerable population when it comes to opioid use and abuse. Pregnant women are even more so, because of the potential that exists for in utero exposure (IUE) to substances. OBJECTIVES: To identify trends in IUE to opioids in order to ensure that resources are allocated effectively to address the current opioid epidemic and to assist the populations most affected by it...
December 5, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200475/pregnancy-outcomes-in-maternal-neuropsychiatric-illness-and-substance-abuse
#2
Severine Bartel, Serban Dan Costa, Siegfried Kropf, Anke Redlich, Anke Rissmann
Introduction: Worldwide the prevalence of neuropsychiatric illness among women of reproductive age is higher than ever before. This study investigates the influences of maternal substance abuse/dependence and neuropsychiatric illness on pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. Patients and Methods: Using a retrospective study design 185 pregnancies in women with neuropsychiatric illnesses or substance abuse were identified at a single centre over a period of 3.25 years and compared to 4907 pregnancies in healthy women without mental illness...
November 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195513/factors-related-to-co-offending-and-coerced-offending-among-female-sex-offenders-the-role-of-childhood-and-adult-trauma-histories
#3
Erin B Comartin, Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sheryl Kubiak, Poco Kernsmith
Research suggests two important domains of women's sexual offending: co-offending, in which additional perpetrators are present with the woman during the crime, and coerced offending, in which the woman feels pressured by someone else to commit the crime. This exploratory analysis examines these 2 domains using self-report data from 60 incarcerated female sex offenders (FSOs) in a Midwestern state. In addition to indicating whether a cooffender was present and whether they felt pressure to commit the sex offense for which they were incarcerated, participants provided demographic information about themselves, the victim, and the offense, as well as about their own trauma, substance abuse, and mental illness histories...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161174/the-telescoping-phenomenon-origins-in-gender-bias-and-implications-for-contemporary-scientific-inquiry
#4
Katherine R Marks, Claire D Clark
BACKGROUND: In an article published in International Journal of the Addictions in 1989, Nick Piazza and his coauthors described "telescoping," an accelerated progression through "landmark symptoms" of alcoholism, among a sample of recovering women. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this critical analysis is to apply a feminist philosophy of science to examine the origins of the framework of telescoping research and its implications for contemporary scientific inquiry. METHODS: A feminist philosophy of science framework is outlined and applied to key source publications of telescoping literature drawn from international and United States-based peer-reviewed journals published beginning in 1952...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160606/the-relationship-between-hazardous-alcohol-use-and-violence-among-street-involved-youth
#5
Nadia Fairbairn, Evan Wood, Sabina Dobrer, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kora Debeck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a major contributor to premature disability and death among youth, often due to physical trauma, violence, and suicide. The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the association between hazardous alcohol use and experiences of violence among a cohort of street-involved youth. METHODS: Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit substances in Vancouver, Canada...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157230/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-an-evidence-based-woman-focused-intervention-in-south-african-health-services
#6
Brittni N Howard, Richard Van Dorn, Bronwyn J Myers, William A Zule, Felicia A Browne, Tara Carney, Wendee M Wechsberg
BACKGROUND: Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, numerous behavior change, risk-reduction, and biomedical interventions have been developed and tested. While some of these interventions have shown to be efficacious in randomized trials, it often takes almost two decades for an intervention to be translated into practice. Meanwhile, South Africa continues to have among the highest prevalence of HIV globally, with women of childbearing age bearing the burden of the epidemic. Given the urgency of the HIV epidemic among vulnerable women in South Africa, it is imperative that evidence-based interventions be implemented rapidly into practice...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152438/barriers-to-timely-completion-of-radiation-therapy-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer-in-an-urban-tertiary-care-center
#7
Justin Cohen, Amy Harper, Elizabeth M Nichols, Gautam G Rao, Pranshu Mohindra, Dana Marie Roque
Background In 2017, there will be an estimated 12,820 women diagnosed with cervical cancer in the United States, causing an estimation of 4,210 deaths. Among U.S. women, there is a 33% greater incidence and 71% higher cervical cancer mortality in high-poverty counties when compared to low-income counties [1]. In those dispositioned to chemoradiation, treatment time of less than eight weeks is associated with compromised pelvic control. We sought to identify patient or disease characteristics and socioeconomic or psychosocial barriers that contribute to delays in treatment completion in order to formulate new policies to address these needs...
September 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151801/formal-and-informal-concrete-support-and-discharge-disposition-among-women-in-substance-abuse-treatment-in-the-u-s
#8
MinKyoung Jun, Elizabeth M Tracy, Meeyoung O Min
The purpose of this study is to examine the relative contribution and the relationships between formal (treatment related members) • informal (family members) concrete support and discharge disposition. A total of 172 women interviewed upon intake in one of 3 counties funded substance abuse treatment programs in Cleveland, Ohio. Hierarchical logistic regression was performed to assess the impact of formal concrete support and informal concrete support on the likelihood of a discharge disposition of completed treatment...
2017: Chŏngsin Pogŏn Kwa Sahoe Saŏp
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117747/substance-use-among-danish-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Tina Sørensen, Hans Søe Riis Jespersen, Maj Vinberg, Ulrik Becker, Ola Ekholm, Anders Fink-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have a greater risk of mortality than the general population. Use or abuse of substances, including alcohol, play a crucial part in this context. Moreover, it is well known that drug use can worsen psychopathology and reduce treatment compliance. However, the magnitude of these problems among Danish psychiatric patients has not been studied previously. AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate substance use among psychiatric patients in the Capital Region of Denmark...
November 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084185/maternal-mental-health-disorders-and-reports-to-child-protective-services-a-birth-cohort-study
#10
Ivy Hammond, Andrea Lane Eastman, John M Leventhal, Emily Putnam-Hornstein
Background. Existing literature has documented a strong relationship between parental mental illness and child maltreatment, but little is known about the prevalence of mental illness among childbearing women. In the present study, linked administrative records were used to identify the prevalence of maternal mental health (MH) disorders documented at birth and determine the associated likelihood of maltreatment reports during infancy. Materials and Methods. Vital records for California's 2006 birth cohort were linked to hospital discharge and Child Protective Services (CPS) records...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068716/perspectives-on-hiv-testing-among-wic-enrolled-postpartum-women-implications-for-intervention-development
#11
Yukiko Washio, Elizabeth Novack Wright, Dalmacio Flores, Annet Davis, Jesse Chittams, Claire Anagnostopulos, Linda M Kilby, Anne M Teitelman
Low-income minority women are disproportionately represented among those living with HIV in the U.S and also at-risk for substance abuse and intimate partner violence-collectively called the SAVA syndemic-which may impede HIV testing uptake. Views about HIV testing were assessed among women (ages 18-29) enrolled in a federally funded nutrition program for women, infants, and children (WIC) in a large Mid-Atlantic city. A survey (n = 80) and three focus groups were conducted in WIC offices located in neighborhoods with high HIV prevalence...
October 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056875/housing-status-psychiatric-symptoms-and-substance-abuse-outcomes-among-sober-living-house-residents-over-18-months
#12
Douglas L Polcin, Rachael Korcha
Studies show individuals entering sober living recovery houses (SLHs) make significant, sustained improvement on measures of substance abuse problems, employment, and arrests. The current study assessed changes in housing status among SLH residents over 18 months and the relative influences of housing status and psychiatric distress on substance abuse outcomes. Two hundred forty one men and 58 women, all age 18 and older, were interviewed within their first week of entering 20 SLHs and again at 6-, 12-, and 18-month follow-up...
September 2017: Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040840/experiences-of-structural-vulnerability-among-exotic-dancers-in-baltimore-maryland-co-occurring-social-and-economic-antecedents-of-hiv-sti-risk
#13
Meredith L Brantley, Katherine H A Footer, Sahnah Lim, Deanna Kerrigan, Susan G Sherman
BACKGROUND: Women who grow up in economic scarcity often face limited opportunities for upward mobility, as a result of challenges securing stable housing, quality education, and steady employment. Chronic instability may limit the capacity of women to protect themselves against HIV/STI-related harm when engaging in sexual activity or drug use. Characterizing the structural contexts that facilitate HIV/STI risk among women are critical to effective design and implementation of drug and sexual harm reduction interventions...
October 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038721/gender-differences-in-substance-use-patterns-and-disorders-among-an-iranian-patient-sample-receiving-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#14
Amir Ghaderi, Maryam Motmaen, Iraj Abdi, Morad Rasouli-Azad
BACKGROUND: The current prevalence rate of substance abuse and dependence, represents an increasing trend of substance abuse and dependence among women, and the results of epidemiology studies indicate that substance use patterns are different between men and women. This study aimed to determine gender differences in substance use patterns and disorders among the patients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted throughout a specified time bracket ranging from September 2012 through March 2013 in Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) clinics of Mashhad, Iran...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990206/child-maltreatment-and-eating-disorders-among-men-and-women-in-adulthood-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#15
Tracie O Afifi, Jitender Sareen, Janique Fortier, Tamara Taillieu, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Christine A Henriksen
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment is associated with an increased likelihood of having mood disorders, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance use disorders, and personality disorders, but far less is known about eating disorders. The objective of the current study was to examine the associations between child maltreatment, including harsh physical punishment, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence, and eating disorders in adulthood among men and women...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971547/ten-year-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-patients-presenting-with-chronic-pain-in-secondary-care-a-register-linkage-cohort-study
#16
S Søndergård, H B Vaegter, A Erlangsen, E Stenager
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of mental disorders in patients with chronic pain vary and may be overestimated when assessed by screening instruments only. Objectives were to estimate the 10-year prevalence of different mental disorders diagnosed by psychiatrists in patients with chronic pain compared with the Danish general population. METHODS: Patients (n = 7197) consulted in the interdisciplinary Pain Clinic South at Odense University Hospital, Denmark, from 2005 to 2015 were included...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958273/variation-in-clinical-characteristics-of-women-versus-men-preoperative-for-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-analysis-of-83-059-patients
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jandie Schwartz, Christopher Bashian, Leon Kushnir, Cristina Nituica, Gus J Slotman
Variation by sex in preoperative clinical characteristics of female and male laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) patients has not been evaluated comprehensively. The objective of our study was to identify clinical differences between morbidly obese women and men seeking LRYGB. Data from 83,059 patients in the Surgical Review Corporation's Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database who were about to undergo LRYGB was analyzed in two groups: women (n = 65,325) and men (n = 17,734). Statistics were evaluated with analysis of variance and the χ2 equation...
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931135/rescuing-israeli-travellers-effects-of-substance-abuse-mental-health-geographic-region-of-rescue-gender-and-age-of-rescuees
#18
Hagit Bonny-Noach, Moran Sagiv-Alayoff
Background: Research conducted on young Israeli travellers has pointed to high substance usage rates. For some drug-using backpackers, actual extraction and rescue from their trip abroad is necessary. This study represents a first attempt to explore the influence of geographic region in which rescue occurs, cause for rescue and gender and age differences among Israeli rescuees. Methods: Sub-analysis of all logs of individual rescuees during a 5-year period from 2011 to 2016 ( N  = 86) included 66 men and 20 women, with an average age of 27...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923034/an-implementation-science-protocol-of-the-women-s-health-coop-in-healthcare-settings-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-stepped-wedge-design
#19
Wendee M Wechsberg, Jacqueline W Ndirangu, Ilene S Speizer, William A Zule, Winnifred Gumula, Courtney Peasant, Felicia A Browne, Laura Dunlap
BACKGROUND: HIV persists as a public health emergency in South Africa, especially among women of childbearing age. In response to the HIV epidemic, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS has put forth the 90-90-90 global goals to achieve an AIDS-free generation by 2020. This goal aspires to have 90% of people living with HIV diagnosed; 90% of those who test positive on sustained antiretroviral therapy (ART); and 90% of those on ART be virally suppressed. Ensuring access to ART is an important first step in reducing HIV incidence, especially among vulnerable populations such as women who use substances and bear the burden of HIV in South Africa...
September 18, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915868/the-cedar-project-using-indigenous-specific-determinants-of-health-to-predict-substance-use-among-young-pregnant-involved-aboriginal-women
#20
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Leanne Dahlgren, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal
BACKGROUND: Indigenous women in Canada have been hyper-visible in research, policy and intervention related to substance use during pregnancy; however, little is known about how the social determinants of health and substance use prior to, during, and after pregnancy intersect. The objectives of this study were to describe the social contexts of pregnant-involved young Indigenous women who use substances and to explore if an Indigenous-Specific Determinants of Health Model can predict substance use among this population...
September 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
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