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Substance abuse among women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455170/comparison-and-validation-of-screening-tools-for-substance-use-in-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-maryland-prenatal-clinics
#1
Victoria H Coleman-Cowger, Emmanuel A Oga, Erica N Peters, Kathleen Trocin, Bartosz Koszowski, Katrina Mark
INTRODUCTION: Prescription-drug use in the USA has increased by more than 60% in the last three decades. Prevalence of prescription-drug use among pregnant women is currently estimated around 50%. Prevalence of illicit drug use in the USA is 14.6% among pregnant adolescents, 8.6% among pregnant young adults and 3.2% among pregnant adults. The first step in identifying problematic drug use during pregnancy is screening; however, no specific substance-use screener has been universally recommended for use with pregnant women to identify illicit or prescription-drug use...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433069/perceptions-of-child-protective-services-among-pregnant-or-recently-pregnant-opioid-using-women-in-substance-abuse-treatment
#2
Lynn Falletta, Kelsey Hamilton, Rebecca Fischbein, Julie Aultman, Beth Kinney, Deric Kenne
Pregnant, opioid-using women represent a challenge to healthcare providers attempting to engage them in prenatal and substance abuse services. Limited, primarily international research suggests that child welfare clients have mixed feelings about Child Protective Services (CPS) and that fear of CPS may present a barrier to care. Understanding how pregnant opioid-using women in substance abuse treatment perceive CPS may be useful in encouraging substance abuse treatment initiation. Participants were currently or recently (within past 12 months) pregnant women with current or recent (within past 12 months) abuse/dependence of pharmaceutical opioids at a drug treatment facility...
February 9, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409489/intimate-partner-sexual-violence-and-risk-for-femicide-suicidality-and-substance-use-among-women-in-antenatal-care-and-general-out-patients-in-thailand
#3
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer, Orapin Laosee, Kawinarat Suthisukon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the occurrence and health consequences of intimate partner sexual assault. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual assault in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Thailand. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey adult female participants were systematically screened (self-administered or interview administered) for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
February 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337399/impact-of-pregnancy-on-psychoactive-substance-use-among-women-with-substance-use-disorders-recruited-in-addiction-specialized-care-centers-in-france
#4
Liselotte Pochard, Julie Dupouy, Elisabeth Frauger, Adeline Giocanti, Joëlle Micallef, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
Pregnancy can be a motivation for decrease in drug abusing but may also represent a period of high vulnerability for relapse.We aimed to assess psychoactive substance use among women with substance use disorders followed in addiction care centers in France. We analyzed data from women aged 15-44 years included in the 'Observation of illegal drugs and misuse of psychotropic medication survey' (OPPIDUM), an annualcross-sectional survey collecting details on psychoactive substances used. Characteristics of women included in 2005 to 2012 yearly surveys were compared depending on their pregnant or not pregnant status...
January 16, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310741/childhood-interpersonal-violence-and-adult-alcohol-cannabis-and-tobacco-use-disorders-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#5
Jacquelyn L Meyers, Carolyn E Sartor, Kimberly B Werner, Karestan C Koenen, Bridget F Grant, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to child maltreatment has been shown to increase lifetime risk for substance use disorders (SUD). However, this has not been systematically examined among race/ethnic groups, for whom rates of exposure to assaultive violence and SUD differ. This study examined variation by race/ethnicity and gender in associations of alcohol (AUD), cannabis (CUD), and tobacco (TUD) use disorders with three types of childhood interpersonal violence (cIPV): physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing parental violence...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307947/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-substance-abuse-treatment-among-those-with-unmet-need-an-analysis-of-parenthood-and-marital-status
#6
Kristi L Stringer, Elizabeth H Baker
Substance use (SU) stigma is one factor contributing to unmet need for SU treatment. Additionally, theory suggests that women and single parents who use substances experience enhanced stigma because they do not adhere to normative social expectations. This study examines differences in perceived stigma by gender and parenthood among those with unmet need for SU treatment using the 2003-2010 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (N = 1,474). Results indicate that women are more likely to report stigma as a barrier to treatment compared with men, though the interaction between gender and parenthood is not significant...
January 2018: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299213/prevalence-of-substance-abuse-among-students-of-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences-iran
#7
Rosanna Mozafarinia, Mehrdad Assarian, Ahmad Ziaaddini
Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of substance abuse among students of selected schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among students in five schools of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2014. Data collection was conducted using a questionnaire which was designed by the researcher. Questionnaires were distributed among participants selected using stratified random sampling...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299208/the-relationship-between-personality-disorders-and-the-type-of-crime-committed-and-substance-used-among-prisoners
#8
Shahin Fakhrzadegan, Hossein Gholami-Doon, Bagher Shamloo, Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam
Background: Prisoners are a vulnerable group within societies, and also threaten society due to their dangerous behavior. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between prisoners' personality disorders and their crime and substance use. Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population consisted of all prisoners of Kerman, Iran. Through stratified random sampling, 228 prisoners (114 women and 114 men) were selected as the study subjects...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294857/structural-pathways-between-race-ethnicity-substance-use-military-service-and-male-perpetrated-intimate-partner-violence-in-pre-9-11-military-families
#9
Roberto Cancio
Along with service members, military families bear the brute consequences of global U.S. military intervention. Various studies have concluded that these deployments put military families at high risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Using structural equation modeling (SEM) as a novel approach to examine IPV among pre-9/11 military families, this study considers variations of self-reported IPV from the point of the abused partner to test the impact of several life events and demographic factors on the type of IPV most prevalent among perpetrators...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294772/factors-associated-with-domestic-violence-against-women-in-iran-an-exploratory-multicenter-community-based-study
#10
Mohsen Saffari, Syed Asadullah Arslan, Mir Saeid Yekaninejad, Amir H Pakpour, Faten Al Zaben, Harold G Koenig
Domestic violence against women committed by intimate partners is a worldwide concern especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to assess the problem among Iranian women and identify associated risk factors. Using a cross-sectional multicenter design, 1,600 women in six different areas of Iran were surveyed. A measure of domestic violence against women was administered and demographic information collected. Logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with domestic violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294757/-keeping-it-real-the-relational-effects-of-trauma-among-african-american-women-and-their-substance-abuse-treatment-counselors
#11
Joan M Blakey, Kimberly B Grocher
African American women experience disproportionately high rates of trauma. Interpersonal forms of trauma often make it much more difficult for trauma survivors to initiate and maintain positive, healthy relationships with others. This study examined the kinds of relationships women with extensive histories of trauma and substance had with their substance abuse treatment counselors and the characteristics that they believe contributed to connected and disconnected client-counselor relationships. Using the case study method, 26 in-depth interviews were conducted with African American women...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294714/intimate-partner-violence-among-female-oef-oif-ond-veterans-who-were-evaluated-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-veterans-health-administration-a-preliminary-investigation
#12
Katherine M Iverson, Nina A Sayer, Mark Meterko, Kelly Stolzmann, Pradeep Suri, Katelyn Gormley, Marjorie Nealon Seibert, Kun Yan, Terri K Pogoda
Many female veterans have deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND), and some experience traumatic brain injury (TBI). Although TBI is increasingly recognized as an important health issue for female OEF/OIF/OND veterans, there is little attention to stressful experiences that may exacerbate health problems or hinder recovery among veterans who may have experienced TBI. Lifetime intimate partner violence (IPV) is common among general samples of female veterans...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294660/gender-differences-in-complex-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-their-relationship-to-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-outcomes-in-incarcerated-adults
#13
Paulette Giarratano, Julian D Ford, Thomas H Nochajski
Complex trauma (CT; for example, childhood abuse) has been associated with significant behavioral health problems (i.e., mental health and substance use disorders) and symptoms that are consistent with complex posttraumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). CT is prevalent in adult forensic populations, and particularly important for women as they tend to report more adverse consequences of exposure to traumatic stressors and are entering the criminal justice system at a heightened rate compared with men. However, no studies have empirically tested the relationship among CT, C-PTSD, and behavioral health problems with gender among incarcerated adults...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245022/cost-effective-way-to-reduce-stimulant-abuse-among-gay-bisexual-men-and-transgender-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-a-cost-comparison
#14
S X Zhang, S Shoptaw, C J Reback, K Yadav, A M Nyamathi
OBJECTIVES: A randomized controlled study was conducted with 422 homeless, stimulant-using gay/bisexual (G/B) men and 29 transgender women (n = 451) to assess two community-based interventions to reduce substance abuse and improve health: (a) a nurse case-managed program combined with contingency management (NCM + CM) versus (b) standard education plus contingency management (SE + CM). STUDY DESIGN: Hypotheses tested included: a) completion of hepatitis A/B vaccination series; b) reduction in stimulant use; and c) reduction in number of sexual partners...
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238228/prenatal-exposure-to-antipsychotic-medication-and-use-of-primary-health-care-system-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-denmark
#15
Anne Mette Lund Würtz, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Dorte Rytter, Merete Juul Sørensen, Jakob Christensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech
Background: Antipsychotic (AP) medication is increasingly used for many health conditions. Prenatal exposure to AP medication has been associated with several adverse outcomes, but the findings remain inconsistent. Purpose: We aimed to investigate prenatal exposure to AP medication and the use of primary health care system in childhood. Subjects and methods: All live-born singletons in Denmark during 1997-2012 were identified in the nationwide Danish National Patient Register and followed until December 31, 2013 (n = 963,010)...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206568/in-utero-exposure-to-opioids-an-observational-study-of-mothers-involved-in-the-child-welfare-system
#16
Gregory Bushman, Bryan G Victor, Joseph P Ryan, Brian E Perron
BACKGROUND: Women are underrepresented in the current substance abuse research; however, women are a particularly vulnerable population when it comes to opioid use and abuse. Pregnant women are even more so, because of the potential that exists for in utero exposure (IUE) to substances. OBJECTIVES: To identify trends in IUE to opioids in order to ensure that resources are allocated effectively to address the current opioid epidemic and to assist the populations most affected by it...
December 5, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200475/pregnancy-outcomes-in-maternal-neuropsychiatric-illness-and-substance-abuse
#17
Severine Bartel, Serban Dan Costa, Siegfried Kropf, Anke Redlich, Anke Rissmann
Introduction: Worldwide the prevalence of neuropsychiatric illness among women of reproductive age is higher than ever before. This study investigates the influences of maternal substance abuse/dependence and neuropsychiatric illness on pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. Patients and Methods: Using a retrospective study design 185 pregnancies in women with neuropsychiatric illnesses or substance abuse were identified at a single centre over a period of 3.25 years and compared to 4907 pregnancies in healthy women without mental illness...
November 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195513/factors-related-to-co-offending-and-coerced-offending-among-female-sex-offenders-the-role-of-childhood-and-adult-trauma-histories
#18
Erin B Comartin, Amanda Burgess-Proctor, Sheryl Kubiak, Poco Kernsmith
Research suggests two important domains of women's sexual offending: co-offending, in which additional perpetrators are present with the woman during the crime, and coerced offending, in which the woman feels pressured by someone else to commit the crime. This exploratory analysis examines these 2 domains using self-report data from 60 incarcerated female sex offenders (FSOs) in a Midwestern state. In addition to indicating whether a cooffender was present and whether they felt pressure to commit the sex offense for which they were incarcerated, participants provided demographic information about themselves, the victim, and the offense, as well as about their own trauma, substance abuse, and mental illness histories...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161174/the-telescoping-phenomenon-origins-in-gender-bias-and-implications-for-contemporary-scientific-inquiry
#19
Katherine R Marks, Claire D Clark
BACKGROUND: In an article published in International Journal of the Addictions in 1989, Nick Piazza and his coauthors described "telescoping," an accelerated progression through "landmark symptoms" of alcoholism, among a sample of recovering women. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this critical analysis is to apply a feminist philosophy of science to examine the origins of the framework of telescoping research and its implications for contemporary scientific inquiry. METHODS: A feminist philosophy of science framework is outlined and applied to key source publications of telescoping literature drawn from international and United States-based peer-reviewed journals published beginning in 1952...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160606/the-relationship-between-hazardous-alcohol-use-and-violence-among-street-involved-youth
#20
Nadia Fairbairn, Evan Wood, Sabina Dobrer, Huiru Dong, Thomas Kerr, Kora Debeck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alcohol is a major contributor to premature disability and death among youth, often due to physical trauma, violence, and suicide. The purpose of this study was to longitudinally examine the association between hazardous alcohol use and experiences of violence among a cohort of street-involved youth. METHODS: Data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit substances in Vancouver, Canada...
December 2017: American Journal on Addictions
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