Read by QxMD icon Read

Occipital epilepsy

Stefania Evangelisti, Claudia Testa, Lorenzo Ferri, Laura Ludovica Gramegna, David Neil Manners, Giovanni Rizzo, Daniel Remondini, Gastone Castellani, Ilaria Naldi, Francesca Bisulli, Caterina Tonon, Paolo Tinuper, Raffaele Lodi
Objectives: To evaluate functional connectivity (FC) in patients with sleep-related hypermotor epilepsy (SHE) compared to healthy controls. Methods: Resting state fMRI was performed in 13 patients with a clinical diagnosis of SHE (age = 38.3 ± 11.8 years, 6 M) and 13 matched healthy controls (age = 38.5 ± 10.8 years, 6 M).Data were first analysed using probabilistic independent component analysis (ICA), then a graph theoretical approach was applied to assess topological and organizational properties at the whole brain level...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Birgit Frauscher, Nicolas von Ellenrieder, Rina Zelmann, Irena Doležalová, Lorella Minotti, André Olivier, Jeffery Hall, Dominique Hoffmann, Dang Khoa Nguyen, Philippe Kahane, François Dubeau, Jean Gotman
In contrast to scalp EEG, our knowledge of the normal physiological intracranial EEG activity is scarce. This multicentre study provides an atlas of normal intracranial EEG of the human brain during wakefulness. Here we present the results of power spectra analysis during wakefulness. Intracranial electrodes are placed in or on the brain of epilepsy patients when candidates for surgical treatment and non-invasive approaches failed to sufficiently localize the epileptic focus. Electrode contacts are usually in cortical regions showing epileptic activity, but some are placed in normal regions, at distance from the epileptogenic zone or lesion...
March 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Ling-Ling Xie, Xiao-Jie Song, Tian-Yi Li, Li Jiang
We report a case of 14-month-old male monozygotic twins showing early-onset intractable epilepsy, delayed psychomotor development, hypotonia, opisthotonus, and dysmorphism. They presented with refractory partial and secondary generalized tonic-clonic or myoclonic seizures since age of 6 months. Electroencephalograms mainly revealed fast activity in left occipital region and generalized high amplitude polyspikes and wave. Brain MRI was normal. A de novo germline hemizygous mutation, C.110 T > C (p...
March 1, 2018: Brain & Development
Noah Sideman, Ganne Chaitanya, Xiaosong He, Gaelle Doucet, Na Young Kim, Michael R Sperling, Ashwini D Sharan, Joseph I Tracy
OBJECTIVE: In epilepsy, asymmetries in the organization of mesial temporal lobe (MTL) functions help determine the cognitive risk associated with procedures such as anterior temporal lobectomy. Past studies have investigated the change/shift in a visual episodic memory laterality index (LI) in mesial temporal lobe structures through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) task activations. Here, we examine whether underlying task-related functional connectivity (FC) is concordant with such standard fMRI laterality measures...
February 27, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Mads Svart, Lars C Gormsen, Jakob Hansen, Dora Zeidler, Michael Gejl, Kim Vang, Joel Aanerud, Niels Moeller
Ketone bodies are neuroprotective in neurological disorders such as epilepsy. We randomly studied nine healthy human subjects twice-with and without continuous infusion of 3-hydroxybutyrate-to define potential underlying mechanisms, assessed regionally (parietal, occipital, temporal, cortical grey, and frontal) by PET scan. During 3-hydroxybutyrate infusions concentrations increased to 5.5±0.4 mmol/l and cerebral glucose utilisation decreased 14%, oxygen consumption remained unchanged, and cerebral blood flow increased 30%...
2018: PloS One
Lin Jiang, Tijiang Zhang, Fajin Lv, Shiguang Li, Heng Liu, Zhiwei Zhang, Tianyou Luo
Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is associated with cognitive and language problems. According to recent studies, disruptions in brain structure and function in children with BECTS are beyond a Rolandic focus, suggesting atypical cortical development. However, previous studies utilizing surface-based metrics (e.g., cortical gyrification) and their structural covariance networks at high resolution in children with BECTS are limited. Twenty-six children with BECTS (15 males/11 females; 10...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Hülya Olgun Yazar, Günay Gül, Tamer Yazar, Fulya Eren, Demet-Yandım Kuscu, Dursun Kirbas
Background and purpose: Epilepsy with photosensitivity (PSE) is one of the reflex epilepsy types with pathophysiology still unexplained. In our study we aimed to evaluate the clinical, electroencephalogram (EEG) and prognosis of patients with PSE diagnosis. Methods: A total of 44 patients with PSE diagnosis according to international classification were included in this retrospective and cross-sectional study. The age, gender, syndrome, clinical and EEG characteristics of patients, and treatment response were investigated...
January 30, 2018: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Lisa Frank, Matthias Lüpke, Draginja Kostic, Wolfgang Löscher, Andrea Tipold
BACKGROUND: One of the most common chronic neurological disorders in dogs is idiopathic epilepsy (IE) diagnosed as epilepsy without structural changes in the brain. In the current study the hypothesis should be proven that subtle grey matter changes occur in epileptic dogs. Therefore, magnetic resonance (MR) images of one dog breed (Beagles) were used to obtain an approximately uniform brain shape. Local differences in grey matter volume (GMV) were compared between 5 healthy Beagles and 10 Beagles with spontaneously recurrent seizures (5 dogs with IE and 5 dogs with structural epilepsy (SE)), using voxel-based morphometry (VBM)...
February 20, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
A V Sergeev
Differential diagnosis of migraine, can be difficult, especially of migraine with aura. On the one hand, some diseases can produce symptoms similar to migraine (cerebral aneurysm before rupture, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome). On the other hand, migraine with aura and some other disorders are conditions that have common pathophysiological mechanisms (e.g., CADASIL and MELAS syndrome, antiphospholipid syndrome). Thirdly, clinical presentations of migraine are often difficult to distinguish from features of other headache conditions (migraine with aura - transient ischemic attack, migraine with visual aura - occipital epilepsy)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Deepak Menon, Ramshekhar N Menon, Chandrasekharan Kesavadas, Anita Mahadevan, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Sudheeran Kannoth, Pradeep P Nair, Mathew Abraham, Bejoy Thomas, Sanjeev V Thomas
New-onset refractory focal epilepsy poses significant challenges to the clinician in the absence of specific diagnostic biomarkers. Differential diagnoses based on imaging may be expanded by a veritable spectrum of peri-ictal imaging findings that may mask the underlying substrate. We report a 13-year-old girl who presented with refractory focal seizures of left parieto-occipital origin with cytotoxic gyral oedema noted over the same region on imaging. Despite an initial negative autoantibody profile, the patient was treated with immunosuppression, followed by serial relapses requiring immune-modulation...
February 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
Hea Ree Park, Min Jae Seong, Young-Min Shon, Eun Yeon Joo, Dae-Won Seo, Seung Bong Hong
Ictal automatism with preserved responsiveness (APR) has been reported, particularly in nondominant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), but its pathophysiology remains poorly understood. This study sought to investigate the relationship between APRs and increased cerebral blood flow (CBF) using ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in TLE. Forty-seven subjects with right mesial TLE (15 with and 32 without APR) were enrolled. Patients with APR (APR+) were subdivided into four groups according to degree of responsiveness during seizures...
January 19, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Kenneth A Myers, Susan M White, Shehla Mohammed, Kay A Metcalfe, Andrew E Fry, Elisabeth Wraige, Pradeep C Vasudevan, Meena Balasubramanian, Ingrid E Scheffer
Bainbridge-Ropers syndrome is a genetic syndrome caused by heterozygous loss-of-function pathogenic variants in ASXL3, which encodes a protein involved in transcriptional regulation. Affected individuals have multiple abnormalities including developmental impairment, hypotonia and characteristic facial features. Seizures are reported in approximately a third of cases; however, the epileptology has not been thoroughly studied. We identified three patients with pathogenic ASXL3 variants and seizures at Austin Health and in the DECIPHER database...
January 20, 2018: Epilepsy Research
Zabit Hameed, Saqib Saleem, Jawad Mirza, Muhammad Salman Mustafa, Qamar-Ul-Islam
Epilepsy is a brain disorder characterised by the recurrent and unpredictable interruptions of normal brain function, called epileptic seizures. The present study attempts to derive new diagnostic indices which may delineate between ictal and interictal states of epilepsy. To achieve this, the nonlinear modeling approach of global principal dynamic modes (PDMs) is adopted to examine the functional connectivity of the temporal and frontal lobes with the occipital brain segment using an ensemble of paediatric EEGs having the presence of epileptic seizure...
2018: PloS One
Ying Gu, Evy Cleeren, Jonathan Dan, Kasper Claes, Wim Van Paesschen, Sabine Van Huffel, Borbála Hunyadi
A wearable electroencephalogram (EEG) device for continuous monitoring of patients suffering from epilepsy would provide valuable information for the management of the disease. Currently no EEG setup is small and unobtrusive enough to be used in daily life. Recording behind the ear could prove to be a solution to a wearable EEG setup. This article examines the feasibility of recording epileptic EEG from behind the ear. It is achieved by comparison with scalp EEG recordings. Traditional scalp EEG and behind-the-ear EEG were simultaneously acquired from 12 patients with temporal, parietal, or occipital lobe epilepsy...
December 23, 2017: Sensors
Jian Zhang, Yiting Hu, Jimin Zheng, Juncha Gao, Hongtao Hou, Na Liu, Yuzhen Wang
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare inherited disorder of heme metabolism. It has the ability to trigger posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), a rare acute neurologic condition that is characterized by acute neurological symptoms. Pregnancy may induce AIP attacks. The present report describes the case of a pregnant woman with AIP. The patient was treated with heme-arginate during pregnancy and successfully delivered a healthy baby. Following delivery, the patient presented with PRES and experienced generalized seizures...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jeong-A Kim, Jeong-Won Jeong, Michael E Behen, Vinod K Pilli, Aimee Luat, Harry T Chugani, Csaba Juhász
To evaluate metabolic changes in the ipsi- and contralateral hemisphere in children showing a cognitive profile consistent with early reorganization of cognitive function, we evaluated the regional glucose uptake, interhemispheric metabolic connectivity, and cognitive function in children with unilateral SWS. Interictal 2-deoxy-2[18 F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG)-PET scans of 27 children with unilateral SWS and mild epilepsy and 27 age-matched control (non-SWS children with epilepsy and normal FDG-PET) were compared using statistical parametric mapping (SPM)...
December 23, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
Emil Jernstedt Barkovich, Tarannum Musvee Lateef, Matthew T Whitehead
Pallister-Killian syndrome (PKS) is a rare chromosomal duplication disorder caused by additional copies of the short arm of chromosome 12 (12p). Clinically PKS is characterized by craniofacial dysmorphism with neonatal frontotemporal alopecia, hypertelorism, and low-set ears as well as kyphoscoliosis, severe intellectual disability, epilepsy, and abnormal muscle tone. Comprehensive high-resolution brain MR findings of PKS in childhood have not been previously illustrated in the medical literature. We present detailed neuroimaging findings from a child with PKS and thoroughly review previously reported structural brain abnormalities in this patient population...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
Mariangela Ferrara, Pietro Di Viesti, Vincenzo Inchingolo, Raffaela Rita Latino, Teresa Popolizio, Salvatore Angelo De Cosmo, Flavia Pugliese, Maurizio Angelo Leone
Background: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES) is a clinical-radiological syndrome, usually reversible and with a favorable prognosis, which recognizes a variety of etiologies and clinical patterns and is likely due to an impairment in cerebral blood flow autoregulation. It is typically characterized by subcortical, predominantly parieto-occipital, vasogenic brain oedema in patients with acute-subacute neurological symptoms. Infratentorial oedema on neuroimaging has been mostly described in association with the typical supratentorial pattern and seldom as isolated...
March 2017: ENeurologicalSci
Antoinette O'Connor, Daniel J Costello
Ulegyria refers to scarring of the cerebral cortex usually arising from perinatal ischaemia. The scarring has a specific configuration in which small atrophic circumvolutions at the bottom of a sulcus underlie an intact spared gyral apex. This disconnection of overlying cortex may allow an "epileptogenic" island of cortex to generate seizures. Ulegyria is often associated with epilepsy and developmental delay, however, the syndromic association of visual impairment with epilepsy due to occipital ulegyria may not be recognised as a specific entity...
December 20, 2017: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
J L Zambonin, D A Dyment, Y Xi, R E Lamont, T Hartley, E Miller, M Kerr, K M Boycott, J S Parboosingh, S Venkateswaran
Occipital cortical malformation is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by pachygyria and polymicrogyria of the occipital lobes as well as global developmental delays and seizures. This condition is due to biallelic, loss-of-function mutations in LAMC3 and has been reported in four unrelated families to date. We report an individual with global delays, seizures, and polymicrogyria that extends beyond the occipital lobes and includes the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes. Next-generation sequencing identified a homozygous nonsense mutation in LAMC3: c...
December 15, 2017: Neurogenetics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"