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Grounded theory

Heather Fritz, Malcolm P Cutchin, Emily R Cummins
Objective: Although evidence suggests that neighborhood conditions are related to stress and health, the processes connecting neighborhood conditions and stress for older minorities is little explored. The purpose of this analysis is to contribute new insights into this issue. Method: We conducted a qualitative analysis as part of a larger mixed methods study of 100 African Americans aged 55 and older living in neighborhoods of varying quality in Detroit, Michigan...
February 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Jane M Kurz
PURPOSE: To explore the reproductive decision-making process with women who were organ transplant recipients (renal, lung, & heart transplants). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Grounded theory guided data collection and analyses. Mixed methods with audiotaped telephone interviews and a written survey measuring social support were used. As social support is critical for women who are organ transplant recipients considering pregnancy, a search for disconfirming evidence for social support via a survey and interviews was included...
March 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Lokanath Patra, Zhao Pan, Jun Chen, Masaki Azuma, P Ravindran
In order to establish the correlation between the magnetoelectric coupling and magnetic instability, we have studied the structural, magnetic, and ferroelectric properties of BaTiO3 modified BiCoO3 i.e. xBaTiO3 -(1 - x)BiCoO3 as a function of BaTiO3 concentration (x) and volume from a series of general-gradient-corrected (GGA), GGA plus onsite Coulomb repulsion (U), full potential, spin-density-functional band-structure calculations within the framework of density functional theory along with synchrotron X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurement studies...
February 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Nauzley C Abedini, Shobha W Stack, Jessie L Goodman, Kenneth P Steinberg
Background : Burnout rates for internal medicine residents are among the highest of all specialties, yet little is known about how residents recover from burnout. Objective : We identified factors promoting recovery from burnout and factors that assist with the subsequent avoidance of burnout among internal medicine residents. Methods : A purposive sample of postgraduate year 2 (PGY-2), PGY-3, and recent graduates who experienced and recovered from burnout during residency participated in semistructured, 60-minute interviews from June to August 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Rosie Dew, Kathryn King, Onyebuchi E Okosieme, Simon H Pearce, Gemma Donovan, Peter N Taylor, Janis Hickey, Colin M Dayan, Graham Leese, Salman Razvi, Scott Wilkes
OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and perceptions of health professionals towards management of hypothyroidism that contributes to the suboptimal treatment of hypothyroidism in general practice. DESIGN: A qualitative interview study using semistructured interviews. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen participants were interviewed between March and August 2016 comprising nine general practitioners (GPs), four pharmacists, two practice nurses and one nurse practitioner...
February 21, 2018: BMJ Open
Jiaye Jin, Guanjun Wang, Mingfei Zhou
The boron carbonyl cluster cations in the form of B3(CO)n+ (n=4-6) are produced and studied by infrared photodissociation spectroscopy in the carbonyl stretching frequency region in the gas phase. Their geometric structures are determined with the aid of density functional theory calculations. The B3(CO)4+ cation is characterized to have a D2d (OC)2B=B=B(CO)2 structure and 1A1 electronic ground state with a linear boron skeleton. The B3(CO)5+ cation is determined to have a chain boron framework with C2v symmetry...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Ryan Todd, Shree Bhalerao, Michael T Vu, Sophie Soklaridis, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: The following study was undertaken to investigate the effect of concussion and psychiatric illness on athletes and their caregivers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 20 ice hockey stakeholders (17 men and 3 women) including minor and professional players, coaches, parents, and physicians were conducted over two years (2012-2014). These interviews were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: From this analysis, a common biographical theme emerged whereby the subject's identity as a hockey player, constructed early in life over many years, was disrupted by concussion...
2018: PloS One
Eden Brauer, Huibrie C Pieters, Patricia A Ganz, Wendy Landier, Carol Pavlish, MarySue V Heilemann
PURPOSE: To explore the transition to self-care among a sample of emerging adult cancer survivors after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). 
. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: 18 HCT survivors who were aged 18-29 years at the time of HCT for a primary hematologic malignancy and were 8-60 months post-HCT participated in the study. The study took place in the hematology outpatient setting at City of Hope National Medical Center.
. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: The authors conducted in-depth semistructured interviews and analyzed interview transcripts using grounded theory methodology...
March 1, 2018: Oncology Nursing Forum
Dengfeng Li, Ying Chen, Junjie He
The development of one-dimensional (1D) nanowires with controllable magnetic properties is important for spintronic applications. Herein, we systematically investigated the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of 1D transition-metal (TM) compounds (Ta4 TMTe4 , TM = Cr, Fe, Co and Ni) through density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Ta4 CrTe4 and Ta4 FeTe4 are non-magnetic, while Ta4 CoTe4 and Ta4 NiTe4 are predicted to have antiferromagnetic ground states. Interestingly, uniaxial strain can induce nonmagnetism-ferromagnetism and nonmagnetism-antiferromagnetism transitions in Ta4 CrTe4 and Ta4 FeTe4 nanowires, respectively...
February 21, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Dorene F Balmer, Alix Darden, Latha Chandran, Donna D'Alessandro, Maryellen E Gusic
PURPOSE: Despite academic medicine's endorsement of professional development and mentoring, little is known about what junior faculty learn about mentoring in the implicit curriculum of professional development programs, and how their mentor identity evolves in this context. The authors explored what faculty-participants in the Educational Scholars Program implicitly learned about mentoring and how the implicit curriculum affected mentor identity transformation. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with 19 of 36 former faculty-participants were conducted in 2016...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Daniel Rodger, Bruce P Blackshaw, Calum Miller
It is commonly argued that a serious right to life is grounded only in actual, relatively advanced psychological capacities a being has acquired. The moral permissibility of abortion is frequently argued for on these grounds. Increasingly it is being argued that such accounts also entail the permissibility of infanticide, with several proponents of these theories accepting this consequence. We show, however, that these accounts imply the permissibility of even more unpalatable acts than infanticide performed on infants: organ harvesting, live experimentation, sexual interference, and discriminatory killing...
February 21, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
Lei Cheng, Sheng Feng, Yan Hu, Marion E Broome
AIM: To explore leadership of Chinese nurse managers in evidence-based nursing implementation. BACKGROUND: Despite much in the literature that highlights the significance of involving nurse managers, the qualitative nature of how their leadership practices influence the evidence implementation has not yet been fully explored. METHODS: A qualitative secondary data analysis was conducted on 15 transcripts of interviews of nurse managers from a parent grounded theory study...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
Yun-Jung Choi, Hwa-Bok Choi, Meaghan O'Donnell
This study sought to describe the mental health problems experienced by Korean disaster survivors, using a qualitative research method to provide empirical resources for effective disaster mental health support in Korea. Participants were 16 adults or elderly adults who experienced one or more disasters at least 12 months ago recruited via theoretical sampling. Participants underwent in-depth individual interviews on their disaster experiences, which were recorded and transcribed for qualitative analysis, which followed Strauss and Corbin's (1998) Grounded theory...
February 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Lingsheng Li, Judith E Nelson, Laura C Hanson, Christopher E Cox, Shannon S Carson, Emily J Chai, Kristine L Keller, James A Tulsky, Marion Danis
OBJECTIVES: Family members commonly make medical decision for patients with chronic critical illness. This study examines how family members approach this decision-making role in real time. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of interviews with family members in the intervention arm of a randomized controlled communication trial. SETTINGS: Medical ICUs at four U.S. hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Family members of patients with chronic critical illness (adults mechanically ventilated for ≥ 7 d and expected to remain ventilated and survive for ≥ 72 hr) who participated in the active arm of a communication intervention study...
February 16, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Jylana L Sheats, Christine Petrin, Revonda M Darensbourg, Courtney S Wheeler
There has been a surge in diet-related mobile health (mHealth) interventions. However, diet-related mHealth research targeted toward racial/ethnic populations has been relatively limited. Focus groups with African American men and women from New Orleans, Louisiana, were conducted to (1) describe perceptions about healthy eating, (2) determine the acceptability of mHealth interventions, and (3) identify preferred mHealth intervention features. Descriptive statistics and thematic content analyses were performed...
April 2018: Family & Community Health
Lillemor Lindwall, Maj-Britt Råholm, Vibeke Lohne, Synnøve Caspari, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Berit Saeteren, Åshild Slettebø, Bente Høy, Dagfinn Nåden
The implementation of theoretical knowledge in clinical practice and the implementation of good clinical practice into theory have been of interest in caring science for the last 30 years. The aim of this article was to elaborate and discuss a methodology named clinical application research. The method is grounded in a hermeneutical design inspired by Gadamer's philosophy. The methodology, clinical application research, has been used in a research project A life in dignity and experiences from the researchers forms the bases for the elaboration and discussion...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Siyu Li, Henri Orland, Roya Zandi
The Ground State Dominance Approximation(GSDA) has been extensively used to study the assembly of viral shells. In this work we employ the self-consistent field theory (SCFT) to investigate the adsorption of RNA onto positively charged spherical viral shells and examine the conditions when GSDA does not apply and SCFT has to be used to obtain a reliable solution. We find that there are two regimes in which GSDA does work. First, when the genomic RNA length is long enough compared to the capsid radius, and second, when the interaction between the genome and capsid is so strong that the genome is basically localized next to the wall...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Anna Fenko, Roxan de Vries, Thomas van Rompay
This study investigates the relative impact of textual claims and visual metaphors displayed on the product's package on consumers' flavor experience and product evaluation. For consumers, strength is one of the most important sensory attributes of coffee. The 2 × 3 between-subjects experiment ( N = 123) compared the effects of visual metaphor of strength (an image of a lion located either on top or on the bottom of the package of coffee beans) and the direct textual claim ("extra strong") on consumers' responses to coffee, including product expectation, flavor evaluation, strength perception and purchase intention...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Susan Schmitz, Tiffany A Radcliff, Karen Chu, Robert E Smith, Aram Dobalian
OBJECTIVE: The US Veterans Health Administration's Disaster Emergency Medical Personnel System (DEMPS) is a team of employee disaster response volunteers who provide clinical and non-clinical staffing assistance when local systems are overwhelmed. This study evaluated attitudes and recommendations of the DEMPS program to understand the impact of multi-modal training on volunteer perceptions. METHODS: DEMPS volunteers completed an electronic survey in 2012 (n=2120)...
February 20, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Chad T Palumbo, Dominik P Halter, Vamsee K Voora, Guo P Chen, Alan K Chan, Megan E Fieser, Joseph W Ziller, Wolfgang Hieringer, Filipp Furche, Karsten Meyer, William J Evans
The synthesis of 4fn Ln3+ complexes of the tris(aryloxide) mesitylene ligand, ((Ad,Me ArO)3 mes)3- , with Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Sm, and Yb, and their reduction with potassium have revealed that this ligand system can be redox active with some metals. Protonolysis of [Ln(N(SiMe3 )2 )3 ] (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Sm, Yb) with the tris(phenol) (Ad,Me ArOH)3 mes yielded the Ln3+ complexes [((Ad,Me ArO)3 mes)Ln] (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Sm, Yb), 1-Ln. Single electron reduction of each 4fn complex, 1-Ln, using potassium yielded the reduced products, [K(2...
February 19, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
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