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Grounded theory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055276/nonadiabatic-dynamics-simulation-of-photoisomerization-mechanism-of-the-second-stablest-isomer-of-n-salicilydenemethylfurylamine
#1
Aihua Gao, Jianpeng Li, Dehua Wang, Xiaoguang Ma, Meishan Wang
The photoisomerization processes of the second stablest isomer in the aromatic Schiff base, N-salicilydenemethylfurylamine, in the gas phase have been studied by static electronic structure calculations and surface-hopping dynamics simulations based on the Zhu-Nakamura theory. Various stable structures are obtained in the optimization because of different orientations of methyl-furyl part with respect to the salicylaldimine part and different orientations of hydroxy group with respect to the benzene ring. Upon photoexcitation into the first excited state, bond isomerization in the salicylaldimine part is completely suppressed until the strong excited-state hydrogen bond is broken...
October 14, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052666/patients-perspectives-of-engagement-as-a-safety-strategy
#2
Chasity Burrows Walters, Elizabeth A Duthie
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe patient engagement as a safety strategy from the perspective of hospitalized surgical patients with cancer.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, descriptive approach using grounded theory.
. SETTING: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York, New York.
. PARTICIPANTS: 13 hospitalized surgical patients with cancer.
. METHODOLOGIC APPROACH: Grounded theory with maximum variation sampling...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052241/symbol-grounding-without-direct-experience-do-words-inherit-sensorimotor-activation-from-purely-linguistic-context
#3
Fritz Günther, Carolin Dudschig, Barbara Kaup
Theories of embodied cognition assume that concepts are grounded in non-linguistic, sensorimotor experience. In support of this assumption, previous studies have shown that upwards response movements are faster than downwards movements after participants have been presented with words whose referents are typically located in the upper vertical space (and vice versa for downwards responses). This is taken as evidence that processing these words reactivates sensorimotor experiential traces. This congruency effect was also found for novel words, after participants learned these words as labels for novel objects that they encountered either in their upper or lower visual field...
October 19, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051831/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-e-learning-designed-behavioral-intervention-for-increasing-physical-activity-behavior-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Robert W Motl, Elizabeth A Hubbard, Rachel E Bollaert, Brynn C Adamson, Dominique Kinnett-Hopkins, Julia M Balto, Sarah K Sommer, Lara A Pilutti, Edward McAuley
BACKGROUND: Internet-delivered, behavioral interventions represent a cost-effective, broadly disseminable approach for teaching persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) the theory-based skills, techniques, and strategies for changing physical activity. OBJECTIVES: This pilot, randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy of a newly developed Internet website based on e-learning approaches that delivered a theory-based behavior intervention for increasing physical activity and improving symptoms, walking impairment, and neurological disability...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050539/sustaining-care-for-a-parent-with-dementia-an-indefinite-and-intertwined-process
#5
Amy S Hwang, Lena Rosenberg, Pia Kontos, Jill I Cameron, Alex Mihailidis, Louise Nygård
This study aimed to understand how adult children sustain caring for persons with dementia (PwDs) within their family and formal care contexts in Canada. Half-day focus groups were conducted with adult daughters and adult sons in Toronto, Canada. Using constructivist grounded theory, we examined both substantive concepts and group dynamics. Sustaining care was interpreted as an indefinite process with three intertwined themes: reproducing care demands and dependency, enacting and affirming values, and "flying blind" in how and how long to sustain caring (i...
2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049878/unifying-exchange-sensitivity-in-transition-metal-spin-state-ordering-and-catalysis-through-bond-valence-metrics
#6
Terry Z H Gani, Heather J Kulik
Accurate predictions of spin-state ordering, reaction energetics and barrier heights are critical for the computational discovery of open-shell transition metal (TM) catalysts. Semilocal approximations in density functional theory, such as the generalized gradient approximation (GGA), suffer from delocalization error that causes them to overstabilize strongly bonded states. Descriptions of energetics and bonding are often improved by introducing a fraction of exact exchange (e.g., erroneous low-spin GGA ground states instead correctly predicted as high-spin with a hybrid functional)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049158/advanced-nursing-education-critical-factors-that-influence-diploma-and-associate-degree-nurses-to-advance
#7
Rose Lavine McGhie-Anderson
AIM: The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the social processes associated with the decision of diploma and associate degree nurses to advance academically. BACKGROUND: Advanced nursing education needs to be pursued along the continuum of the nursing career path. This education process is indispensable to the role of nurses as educator, manager, nurse leader, and researcher who will effect policy changes, assume leadership roles as revolutionary thinkers, and implement paradigmatic shifts...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048862/order-without-intellectual-property-law-open-science-in-influenza
#8
Amy Kapczynski
Today, intellectual property (IP) scholars accept that IP as an approach to information production has serious limits. But what lies beyond IP? A new literature on "intellectual production without IP" (or "IP without IP") has emerged to explore this question, but its examples and explanations have yet to convince skeptics. This Article reorients this new literature via a study of a hard case: a global influenza virus-sharing network that has for decades produced critically important information goods, at significant expense, and in a loose-knit group--all without recourse to IP...
2017: Cornell Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047513/bow-shaped-caustics-from-conical-prisms-a-13th-century-account-of-rainbow-formation-from-robert-grosseteste-s-de-iride
#9
Joshua S Harvey, Hannah E Smithson, Clive R Siviour, Giles E M Gasper, Sigbjørn O Sønnesyn, Brian K Tanner, Tom C B McLeish
The rainbow has been the subject of discussion across a variety of historical periods and cultures, and numerous optical explanations have been suggested. Here, we further explore the scientific treatise De iride [On the Rainbow] written by Robert Grosseteste in the 13th century. Attempting to account for the shape of the rainbow, Grosseteste bases his explanation on the optical properties of transparent cones, which he claims can give rise to arc-shaped projections through refraction. By stating that atmospheric phenomena are reducible to the geometric optics of a conical prism, the De iride lays out a coherent and testable hypothesis...
July 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047211/exploring-the-nature-of-illness-perceptions-in-people-with-end-stage-kidney-disease
#10
Jessica Rees, Joseph Chilcot, Warren Donnellan, Laura Soulsby
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis and treatment for End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) results in vast lifestyle changes. Despite the high prevalence of depression in people with ESKD, the psychosocial impacts of ESKD are still often overlooked. Illness perceptions enable people to make sense of their illness and are closely associated with depression. Due to the high levels of depression within ESKD, this study sought to understand the nature of illness perceptions in people with ESKD. METHODOLOGY: In this qualitative study, eleven participants were identified through hospital and online patient support groups...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047199/student-veterans-construction-and-enactment-of-resilience-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study
#11
Andrew Thomas Reyes, Christopher A Kearney, Katrina Isla, Ross Bryant
INTRODUCTION: Adjusting to college life is one of the most difficult experiences in a military veteran's transition to civilian life. Many military veterans returning to college not only encounter academic challenges, but also deal with physical and psychiatric disabilities, loss of military camaraderie, and social disconnect. These often negatively affect their personal and academic lives. Hence, it is important to explore resilience in order to best support student veterans as they transition from military to civilian life...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045664/understanding-the-impact-of-accreditation-on-quality-in-healthcare-a-grounded-theory-approach
#12
L Desveaux, J I Mitchell, J Shaw, N M Ivers
Objective: To explore how organizations respond to and interact with the accreditation process and the actual and potential mechanisms through which accreditation may influence quality. Design: Qualitative grounded theory study. Setting: Organizations who had participated in Accreditation Canada's Qmentum program during January 2014-June 2016. Participants: Individuals who had coordinated the accreditation process or were involved in managing or promoting quality...
October 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044675/-oh-my-god-i-can-t-handle-this-trainees-emotional-responses-to-complex-situations
#13
Esther Helmich, Laura Diachun, Radha Joseph, Kori LaDonna, Nelleke Noeverman-Poel, Lorelei Lingard, Sayra Cristancho
CONTEXT: Dealing with emotions is critical for medical trainees' professional development. Taking a sociocultural and narrative approach to understanding emotions, we studied complex clinical situations as a specific context in which emotions are evoked and influenced by the social environment. We sought to understand how medical trainees respond to emotions that arise in those situations. METHODS: In an international constructivist grounded theory study, 29 trainees drew two rich pictures of complex clinical situations, one exciting and one frustrating...
October 16, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044652/the-impact-of-accreditation-on-medical-schools-processes
#14
Danielle Blouin, Ara Tekian, Carol Kamin, Ilene B Harris
OBJECTIVES: Increased emphasis is being placed worldwide on accreditation of undergraduate medical education programmes, and costs of participation in accreditation continue to rise. The primary purposes of accreditation are to ensure the quality of medical education and to promote quality improvement. Student performance data as indicators of the impact of accreditation have important limitations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of accreditation using an innovative marker: the processes implemented at medical schools as a result of accreditation...
October 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043918/-being-able-to-speak-what-individuals-in-jail-perceived-as-helpful-about-participating-in-alcohol-related-brief-interventions
#15
Mandy D Owens, Megan Kirouac, Kylee Hagler, Lauren N Rowell, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of individuals within the criminal justice system meet criteria for a substance use disorder. Treatments for individuals who are incarcerated with substance use disorders show minimal to no benefit on post-release outcomes, suggesting a need to improve their effectiveness, particularly those that can be delivered in a brief format. The purpose of this study was to describe what individuals in jail with substance use disorders perceived as being helpful about two brief alcohol-focused interventions, which can be used to inform future treatments with this population...
October 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042847/an-enquiry-into-nurse-to-nurse-collaboration-within-the-older-people-care-chain-as-part-of-the-integrated-care-a-qualitative-study
#16
Terhi Lemetti, Päivi Voutilainen, Minna Stolt, Sini Eloranta, Riitta Suhonen
INTRODUCTION: Health care systems for older people are becoming more complex and care for older people, in the transition between hospital and primary healthcare requires more systematic collaboration between nurses. This study describes nurses' perceptions of their collaboration when working between hospital and primary healthcare within the older people care chain. THEORY AND METHODS: Using a qualitative approach, informed by grounded theory, six focus groups were conducted with a purposive sample of registered nurses (n = 28) from hospitals (n = 14) and primary healthcare (n = 14) during 2013...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042761/understanding-institutional-stakeholders-perspectives-on-multidrug-resistant-bacterial-organism-at-the-end-of-life-a-qualitative-study
#17
Maria Heckel, Franziska A Herbst, Thomas Adelhardt, Johanna M Tiedtke, Alexander Sturm, Stephanie Stiel, Christoph Ostgathe
BACKGROUND: Information lacks about institutional stakeholders' perspectives on management approaches of multidrug-resistant bacterial organism in end-of-life situations. The term "institutional stakeholder" includes persons in leading positions with responsibility in hospitals' multidrug-resistant bacterial organism management. They have great influence on how strategies on multidrug-resistant bacterial organism management approaches in institutions of the public health system are designed...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040930/dft-computations-on-crystal-structure-vibrational-studies-and-optical-investigations-of-a-luminescent-self-assembled-material
#18
REVIEW
A Kessentini, A Ben Ahmed, T Dammak, M Belhouchet
The current work undertakes the growth and the physicochemical properties of a novel green-yellow luminescence semi-organic material, the 3-picolylammonium bromide abbreviated (Pico-Br). In this paper, we report the X-ray diffraction measurements which show that the crystal lattice consists of distinct 3-picolylammonium cations and free bromide anions connected via NH⋯Br and NH⋯N hydrogen bonds leading to form a two dimensional frameworks. Molecular geometry compared with its optimized counterpart shows that the quantum chemical calculations carried out with density functional method (DFT) well produce the perceived structure by X-ray resolution of the studied material...
October 13, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040303/continuing-professional-development-for-medical-nursing-and-midwifery-cadres-in-malawi-tanzania-and-south-africa-a-qualitative-evaluation
#19
Caryl Feldacker, Jillian Pintye, Sheena Jacob, Michael H Chung, Lyn Middleton, Jill Iliffe, H Nina Kim
BACKGROUND: As innovations in the prevention and treatment of HIV and TB advance, continuing professional development (CPD) of health care workers (HCWs) remains a high priority, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where dual TB/HIV epidemics are compounded by severe HCW shortages. There is further need to examine CPD programs to identify challenges and effective solutions to strengthen HIV/TB-related CPD. METHODS: Qualitative evaluations in Malawi, Tanzania and South Africa (RSA) were conducted using key informant interviews (KIIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) in each country to identify barriers and enablers of effective HIV/TB-related CPD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039432/substitution-pattern-on-anthrol-carbaldehydes-excited-state-intramolecular-proton-transfer-esipt-with-a-lack-of-phototautomer-fluorescence
#20
S Chaiwongwattana, Đ Škalamera, N Došlić, C Bohne, N Basarić
Photophysical properties and excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) reactivity for anthrol carbaldehydes 1-5 have been investigated computationally and experimentally by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence and laser flash photolysis (LFP). 1,2-Disubstituted anthrol carbaldehydes 1 and 2 are not ESIPT reactive, contrary to naphthol analogues. The main deactivation channels from S1 for 1 and 2 are fluorescence (ΦF = 0.1-0.2) and intersystem crossing (ISC) to almost isoenergetic T2 states...
October 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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