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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656588/the-use-of-funnel-plots-with-regression-as-a-tool-to-visually-compare-hiv-treatment-outcomes-between-centres-adjusting-for-patient-characteristics-and-size-a-uk-collaborative-hiv-cohort-study
#1
M Gompels, S Michael, S Jose, T Hill, R Trevelion, C A Sabin, M T May
OBJECTIVES: A measure used for assessing the effectiveness of HIV care and comparing clinical centres is the proportion of people starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) with viral suppression (VS) after 1 year. We propose a method that adjusts for patients' demographic characteristics, and visually compares this measure between different sites accounting for centre size. METHODS: We analysed viral load measurements for UK Collaborative HIV Cohort (UK CHIC) patients starting ART between 2006 and 2013...
April 14, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626312/experiences-of-stigma-and-health-care-engagement-among-black-msm-newly-diagnosed-with-hiv-sti
#2
Lisa A Eaton, Valerie A Earnshaw, Jessica L Maksut, Katherine R Thorson, Ryan J Watson, Jose A Bauermeister
Rates of HIV/STI transmission among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) are alarmingly high and demand urgent public health attention. Stigma related concerns are a key barrier to accessing health care and prevention tools, yet limited research has been focused in this area. Experiences of stigma related to health care were evaluated among 151 BMSM residing in the Atlanta, GA area, both prior to and post HIV or STI diagnosis in a longitudinal study (data collected from 2014 to 2016). Findings demonstrated that inadequate health care engagement is associated with post-diagnosis anticipated stigma (b = - 0...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623533/psychosocial-health-disparities-among-black-bisexual-men-in-the-u-s-effects-of-sexuality-nondisclosure-and-gay-community-support
#3
M Reuel Friedman, Leigh Bukowski, Lisa A Eaton, Derrick D Matthews, Typhanye V Dyer, Dan Siconolfi, Ron Stall
Compared with Black gay men, Black bisexual men experience psychosocial health disparities, including depression, polydrug use, physical assault, and intimate partner violence (IPV). Black bisexual men are also less likely to disclose their sexuality, which may result in them receiving less sexual minority community support, exacerbating psychosocial health disparities. We assessed relationships between bisexual behavior, bisexual identity, sexuality nondisclosure, gay community support, and psychosocial morbidities among Black men who have sex with men (MSM)...
April 5, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622045/a-couple-based-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Omar Martinez, M Isabel Fernandez, Elwin Wu, Alex Carballo-Diéguez, Guillermo Prado, Adam Davey, Ethan Levine, Brian Mattera, Nikki Lopez, Omar Valentin, Ashley Murray, Madeline Sutton
BACKGROUND: Latino men who have sex with men (MSM) experienced a 13% increase in HIV diagnoses from 2010 to 2014, more than any other racial/ethnic subgroup of MSM in the United States. If current HIV diagnoses rates persist, about one in four Latino MSM in the United States will be diagnosed with HIV during their lifetime. Although some efficacious HIV prevention interventions for Latino MSM exist, none have focused on couples. This paper describes the protocol of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the preliminary efficacy of a couple-based HIV prevention intervention that is culturally tailored for Latino men and their same-sex partners...
April 5, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596226/subsequent-hiv-diagnosis-risk-following-syphilis-in-a-southern-black-population
#5
Sulayman Aziz, David Sweat
BACKGROUND: Southern Non-Hispanic Black persons are disproportionately represented in the HIV epidemic. Those previously diagnosed with syphilis are at significant risk to become HIV infected within 36 months. Effective prevention strategies such as PrEP should be offered to those at highest risk to maximize prevention efforts. METHODS: HIV negative persons diagnosed with P&S syphilis during 1998 - 2014 were matched with incident HIV cases diagnosed during 1998 - 2016 in Shelby County Tennessee...
March 29, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554663/hiv-incidence-hiv-prevalence-and-undiagnosed-hiv-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-united-states
#6
Sonia Singh, Ruiguang Song, Anna Satcher Johnson, Eugene McCray, H Irene Hall
Background: HIV infection is a persistent health concern in the United States, and men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to be the most affected population. Objective: To estimate HIV incidence and prevalence and the percentage of undiagnosed HIV infections overall and among MSM. Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Setting: National HIV Surveillance System. Participants: Persons aged 13 years and older with diagnosed HIV infection...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549065/defining-care-patterns-and-outcomes-among-persons-living-with-hiv-in-washington-dc-linkage-of-clinical-cohort-and-surveillance-data
#7
Amanda D Castel, Arpi Terzian, Jenevieve Opoku, Lindsey Powers Happ, Naji Younes, Michael Kharfen, Alan Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Triangulation of data from multiple sources such as clinical cohort and surveillance data can help improve our ability to describe care patterns, service utilization, comorbidities, and ultimately measure and monitor clinical outcomes among persons living with HIV infection. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether linkage of clinical cohort data and routinely collected HIV surveillance data would enhance the completeness and accuracy of each database and improve the understanding of care patterns and clinical outcomes...
March 16, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536285/hiv-prevention-and-sex-behaviors-as-organizing-mechanisms-in-a-facebook-group-affiliation-network-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Lindsay E Young, Kayo Fujimoto, John A Schneider
Online social networking sites (SNS)-the Internet-based platforms that enable connection and communication between users-are increasingly salient social environments for young adults and, consequently, offer tremendous opportunity for HIV behavioral research and intervention among vulnerable populations like young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Drawing from a cohort of 525 young Black MSM (YBMSM) living in Chicago, IL, USA April 2014-May 2015, we conducted social network analysis, estimating an exponential random graph model (ERGM) to model YBMSM's group affiliations on Facebook in relation to their sex behaviors and HIV prevention traits...
March 13, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534210/promoting-positive-condom-use-experiences-among-young-black-msm-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-brief-clinic-based-intervention
#9
Richard A Crosby, Leandro Mena, Rachel Vickers Smith
The aim of this study is to determine, among young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM), the 12-month efficacy of a single-session, clinic-based intervention promoting condom use to enhance sexual pleasure (purpose 1) and the use of condoms from the start-to-finish of anal sex (purpose 2). A pre-test, post-test randomized controlled trial was conducted, using a 12-month period of follow-up observation, in STI clinics. Data from 394 YBMSM completing baseline and 12-month follow-up assessments were analyzed...
March 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524346/drug-facilitated-sexual-assault-dfsa-involving-4-methylethcathinone-4-mec-3-4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone-mdpv-and-doxylamine-highlighted-by-hair-analysis
#10
Islam Amine Larabi, Marie Martin, Isabelle Etting, Pauline Penot, Nicolas Fabresse, Jean Claude Alvarez
Recently, the emergence of new psychoactive substances (NPS) has led to their wide use among clubbers and men who have sex with men (MSM) for their stimulant effects. However, their use in drug facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) has rarely been described. Herein we report a case of a 44 years-old man who was assaulted after a party. Due to late reporting of the offense, only hair (black) was sampled 15 days later and a segmental analysis was achieved to look for most DFSA agents and NPS. Twenty mg of each segment (A:0-1cm, B:1-3cm and C:3-5cm) were incubated in phosphate buffer pH 5...
March 10, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524096/strength-of-implementation-intentions-to-use-condoms-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Liesl A Nydegger, Jennifer L Walsh
Although pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use is increasing among men who have sex with men (MSM), condoms remain key to HIV prevention. Implementation intentions-which link a behavioral action plan with a situation or cue-may predict condom use. The Strength of Implementation Intentions Scale (SIIS), which assesses condom use implementation intentions, has not been evaluated among MSM. A structural model tested whether the SIIS mediated the relationship between condom use intentions and condomless sex acts among 266 sexually-active MSM (56% White, 26% Black, 15% Latino, Mage = 32...
March 9, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483063/understanding-the-impact-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-on-men-s-risk-behavior-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#12
Martin J Downing, Dominique Brown, Jeffrey Steen, Ellen Benoit
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) remains a critical public health issue among black and Latino men who have sex with men (MSM), as it is associated with multiple negative outcomes including substance misuse, poor mental health, revictimization, and high-risk sexual behavior. Most CSA research with MSM relies on quantitative assessment that often precludes consideration of cultural variations in how formative sexual experiences are understood and is based on inconsistent or overly restrictive definitions of abuse, and therefore may fail to detect certain abusive experiences (eg, those involving female perpetrators), which can have harmful health consequences if they remain unrecognized...
February 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482342/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-a-peer-mentor-program-to-train-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-to-promote-hiv-and-sti-home-testing-to-their-social-network-members
#13
Karin Tobin, Catie Edwards, Natalie Flath, Alexandra Lee, Kayla Tormohlen, Charlotte A Gaydos
Young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) experience persistently high rates of undiagnosed HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and testing rates remain sub-optimal. Home-based testing (HBT) has been found to be acceptable among MSM and while awareness about HBT is relatively high, uptake has been low. Peer-based approaches have been shown to be effective in reducing HIV risk behavior, yet have not been used to increase utilization of HBT. The purpose of this study was to assess acceptability and feasibility of a program to train YBMSM as Peer Mentors to use and promote HIV and STI home-based testing and specimen collection to their social network members...
February 26, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474256/correlates-of-linkage-to-hiv-preexposure-prophylaxis-among-hiv-testing-clients
#14
Charlene A Flash, Oluwatobi O Adegboyega, Xiaoying Yu, Carmen Avalos, Syundai Johnson, Kenneth H Mayer, Thomas P Giordano
BACKGROUND: Publicly funded HIV-testing sites can identify HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) candidates and provide PrEP linkage. SETTING: Harris Health System's HIV clinic, HIV-testing program, and HIV-prevention program (HPP) in Houston, TX, a high HIV-incidence city. METHODS: A prospective assessment of individuals aged 18 years and older recruited from walk-in HIV testing from December 2013 to April 2015 included risk assessment, HIV testing, and self-administered survey, with follow-up surveys at 6 and 12 months and medical record review...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466919/what-qualities-in-a-potential-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-service-are-valued-by-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-london-a-qualitative-acceptability-study
#15
T Charles Witzel, Will Nutland, Adam Bourne
Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) have higher HIV incidence and prevalence when compared to other MSM, despite similar levels of condom use and testing. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) could be a useful intervention to reduce these inequalities. This research therefore aims to understand the dimensions of acceptability of a potential PrEP service for BMSM aged 18-45 years in London. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 PrEP-eligible BMSM between April and August 2016. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim, then subject to a thematic framework analysis, informed by intersectionality theory...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466064/exploring-and-adapting-a-conceptual-model-of-sexual-positioning-practices-and-sexual-risk-among-hiv-negative-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#16
Derek T Dangerfield, Allison J Ober, Laramie R Smith, Steven Shoptaw, Ricky N Bluthenthal
Estimates show a 50% lifetime human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) in the United States(U.S.). Studying the dynamics of sexual positioning practices among BMSM could provide insights into the disparities observed among U.S. groups of men who have sex with men (MSM). This study explored sexual positioning dynamics among HIV-negative BMSM and how they aligned with a theoretical model of sexual positioning and HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk among MSM...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465697/high-baseline-anal-hpv-and-abnormal-anal-cytology-in-a-phase-3-trial-of-the-quadrivalent-hpv-vaccine-in-hiv-infected-individuals-over-26-years-old-actg-5298
#17
Ross D Cranston, Michelle S Cespedes, Pawel Paczuski, Ming Yang, Robert W Coombs, Joan Dragavon, Alfred Saah, Catherine Godfrey, Jennifer Y Webster-Cyriaque, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Barbara Bastow, Timothy Wilkin
BACKGROUND: The quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (qHPV; types 6, 11, 16, 18) is indicated for men and women 9-26 years to prevent HPV associated anogenital high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and cancer. ACTG 5298 was a randomized placebo controlled Phase 3 study in HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM), and women of qHPV to prevent persistent anal HPV infection. Baseline data is presented here. METHODS: HIV-infected MSM, and women ≥ 27 years without previous anogenital or oral cancer were enrolled...
October 13, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465695/extragenital-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-in-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-missed-treatment-opportunities-for-hiv-infected-msm
#18
Leandro Mena, Richard A Crosby, Nicholas Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: This study of young Black MSM (YBMSM) assessed the prevalence of extra-genital chlamydia and gonorrhea among those testing negative for urethral infections, and compared prevalence of both by HIV status. METHODS: A convenience sample of 609 YBMSM was recruited for a cross-sectional study from two sexual health clinics located in Jackson, MS. To detect C. trachomatis and N. gonorrhoeae, NAAT was performed on urine, rectal swabs, and oral swabs. OraSure was used to detect HIV...
October 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465677/patterns-of-sexual-behavior-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#19
Sara A Vasilenko, Cara E Rice, Joshua G Rosenberger
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at an increased risk for sexually transmitted infections. Recent research has documented the importance of understanding the multidimensional nature of sexual risk behavior; however, little is known about how multidimensional patterns of sexual behavior among MSM may be associated with STIs. METHOD: This study applies latent class analysis to data from a large, HIV- sample of 18-25 year old MSM recruited from social and sexual networking websites (N = 5,965; 76% white, 11% Latino, 5% Black, 4% Asian, 4% other; 74% homosexual, 21% bisexual, 1% heterosexual, 3%, unsure/questioning 1% other) to uncover multidimensional patterns of past-year sexual behaviors, partner factors, and protective behavior and their associations with self-reported STI diagnosis...
November 21, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465651/the-epidemiology-of-syphilis-in-new-york-city-historic-trends-and-the-current-outbreak-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-2016
#20
Julia A Schillinger, Jennifer Sanderson Slutsker, Preeti Pathela, Ellen Klingler, Robin R Hennessy, Brian Toro, Susan Blank
BACKGROUND: Male primary and secondary (P&S) and early latent (EL) syphilis cases have increased markedly in New York City (NYC) after a historic nadir in 1998. The majority of cases are among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM). We describe the epidemiology of syphilis among NYC males to provide a model of how one jurisdiction collects, analyzes, interprets, uses, and disseminates local data to guide programmatic activities directed at syphilis control. METHODS: We analyzed trends in reported infectious syphilis cases using routinely collected surveillance and case investigation data...
January 19, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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