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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224313/sexual-stereotypes-ascribed-to-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-intersectional-analysis
#1
Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Douglas S Krakower, Kristen Underhill, Kenneth H Mayer, Trace S Kershaw, Joseph R Betancourt, John F Dovidio
Sexual stereotypes may adversely affect the health of Black men who have sex with men (MSM). Greater understanding of the nature and nuances of these stereotypes is needed. This online, survey-based study used an inductive, intersectional approach to characterize the sexual stereotypes ascribed to Black MSM by the U.S. general public, their distinctiveness from those ascribed to Black men and MSM in general, and their relative prototypicality as compared to dominant subgroups. Members of the public, recruited in 2014-2015, were randomly assigned to survey conditions that varied systematically by race (Black, White, or unspecified) and sexual orientation (gay, heterosexual, or unspecified) of a designated social group...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195201/crispr-cas9-mediated-genome-editing-in-wild-derived-mice-generation-of-tamed-wild-derived-strains-by-mutation-of-the-a-nonagouti-gene
#2
Michiko Hirose, Ayumi Hasegawa, Keiji Mochida, Shogo Matoba, Yuki Hatanaka, Kimiko Inoue, Tatsuhiko Goto, Hideki Kaneda, Ikuko Yamada, Tamio Furuse, Kuniya Abe, Yoshihisa Uenoyama, Hiroko Tsukamura, Shigeharu Wakana, Arata Honda, Atsuo Ogura
Wild-derived mice have contributed to experimental mouse genetics by virtue of their genetic diversity, which may help increase the chance of identifying novel modifier genes responsible for specific phenotypes and diseases. However, gene targeting using wild-derived mice has been unsuccessful because of the unavailability of stable embryonic stem cells. Here, we report that CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene targeting can be applied to the Japanese wild-derived MSM/Ms strain (Mus musculus molossinus). We targeted the nonagouti (a) gene encoding the agouti protein that is localized in hair and the brain...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159730/hiv-trends-in-the-united-states-diagnoses-and-estimated-incidence
#3
H Irene Hall, Ruiguang Song, Tian Tang, Qian An, Joseph Prejean, Patricia Dietz, Angela L Hernandez, Timothy Green, Norma Harris, Eugene McCray, Jonathan Mermin
BACKGROUND: The best indicator of the impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention programs is the incidence of infection; however, HIV is a chronic infection and HIV diagnoses may include infections that occurred years before diagnosis. Alternative methods to estimate incidence use diagnoses, stage of disease, and laboratory assays of infection recency. Using a consistent, accurate method would allow for timely interpretation of HIV trends. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the recent progress toward reducing HIV infections in the United States overall and among selected population segments with available incidence estimation methods...
February 3, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144793/is-sex-with-older-male-partners-associated-with-higher-sexual-risk-behavior-among-young-black-msm
#4
Nicholas Chamberlain, Leandro A Mena, Angelica Geter, Richard A Crosby
Participants at a sexual health clinic completed a survey with questions regarding sexual risk behavior and partner characteristics. Of 585 participants eligible for analysis, 124 reported generally having older male partners. These participants were significantly more likely to be HIV-infected (p < 0.001), have four or more sex partners as a "bottom" (p = 0.04), have concurrent partners (p = 0.01), and have partners suspected of having an sexually transmitted infection (p = 0.05) than participants without older partners...
January 31, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127837/hiv-incidence-in-an-open-national-cohort-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinics-in-england
#5
S Desai, A Nardone, G Hughes, V Delpech, F Burns, G Hart, O N Gill
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine HIV incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) who repeat test for HIV at sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in England, and identify associated factors. METHODS: Annual HIV incidence and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated for a national cohort of MSM who tested HIV negative at any STI clinic in England in 2012 and had a follow-up test within 1 year using routinely collected data. Cox regression analyses were performed to identify predictors of HIV acquisition and population attributable risk for HIV infection was calculated for predictors...
January 27, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123210/the-2013-hiv-continuum-of-care-in-tennessee-progress-made-but-disparities-persist
#6
Carolyn Wester, Peter F Rebeiro, Thomas J Shavor, Bryan E Shepherd, Shanell L McGoy, Benn Daley, Melissa Morrison, Sten H Vermund, April C Pettit
OBJECTIVES: We measured patient engagement in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continuum of care in Tennessee after implementation of enhanced surveillance activities to assess progress toward 2015 statewide goals. We also examined subgroup disparities to identify groups at risk for poor outcomes. METHODS: We estimated linkage to care, retention in care, and viral suppression among HIV-infected people in Tennessee in 2013, overall and by subgroup, after implementation of enhanced laboratory reporting, address verification, and death-matching procedures...
September 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108879/patterns-of-social-affiliations-and-healthcare-engagement-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Rachel L Behler, Benjamin T Cornwell, John A Schneider
Little work has examined how individuals' social affiliations-the venues in which they meet friends and engage in informal social interaction-influence their engagement with public health services. We investigate how links to these local places shape access to information and exposure to health-seeking behavior. Using longitudinal data from a respondent-driven sample of 618 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in Chicago, we identify different sets of social venues that connect YBMSM. We then examine how YBMSM's connections within this network influence their receipt of HIV prevention and treatment services and knowledge of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097618/sex-behaviors-as-social-cues-motivating-social-venue-patronage-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Lindsay E Young, Stuart Michaels, Adam Jonas, Aditya S Khanna, Britt Skaathun, Ethan Morgan, John A Schneider
HIV prevention programs often focus on the physical social venues where men who have sex with men (MSM) frequent as sites where sex behaviors are assumed to be practiced and risk is conferred. But, how exactly these behaviors influence venue patronage is not well understood. In this study, we present a two-mode network analysis that determines the extent that three types of sex behaviors-condomless sex, sex-drug use, and group sex-influence the patronage of different types of social venues among a population sample of young Black MSM (YBMSM) (N = 623)...
January 17, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079722/development-and-preliminary-pilot-testing-of-a-peer-support-text-messaging-intervention-for-hiv-infected-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
Theresa E Senn, Amy Braksmajer, Patricia Coury-Doniger, Marguerite A Urban, Adam Rossi, Michael P Carey
BACKGROUND: Black men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately infected with HIV and are less well retained along the HIV continuum of care. We report on the feasibility of a peer support text messaging intervention designed to increase retention in HIV care and HIV medication adherence among HIV-infected black men who have sex with men. METHODS: Based on formative research, a cell phone app was developed to support a peer-based text messaging intervention...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987085/preferences-for-condomless-sex-in-sexually-explicit-media-among-black-african-american-men-who-have-sex-with-men-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#10
Kimberly M Nelson, Lisa A Eaton, Kristi E Gamarel
Accumulating evidence suggests that viewing sexually explicit media (SEM; i.e., pornography) may be related to the sexual behaviors of men who have sex with men (MSM). Furthermore, stereotypical depictions of Black/African American MSM engaging in sexual risk behaviors in SEM may serve to normalize condomless sex, reinforce low peer norms around condom use, and facilitate HIV risk taking among Black/African American MSM. Despite this evidence, very little is known about the correlates of SEM consumption among Black/African American MSM, including HIV risk behaviors and their relation to preferences for viewing condomless sex in SEM...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974287/a-test-of-concept-study-of-at-home-self-administered-hiv-testing-with-web-based-peer-counseling-via-video-chat-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Jessica L Maksut, Lisa A Eaton, Elizabeth J Siembida, Daniel D Driffin, Robert Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM), particularly MSM who identify as African-American or Black (BMSM), are the sociodemographic group that is most heavily burdened by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in the United States. To meet national HIV testing goals, there must be a greater emphasis on novel ways to promote and deliver HIV testing to MSM. Obstacles to standard, clinic-based HIV testing include concerns about stigmatization or recognition at in-person testing sites, as well as the inability to access a testing site due to logistical barriers...
December 14, 2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925486/real-talk-developing-a-computer-delivered-sexual-health-program-for-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#12
Charles Klein, Carmela Lomonaco
HIV disproportionately affects Black men who have sex with men (MSM), yet there are few evidence-based programs that respond to the diverse realities of Black MSM communities. This article examines the development of Real Talk, a new harm reduction-based, sexual health intervention for Black MSM. We first analyze the key themes from our formative research: (1) stigma, discrimination, and intersectionalities in the lives of Black MSM, (2) the importance of safe spaces and community provided by health promotion programs, and (3) moving beyond condoms in sexual health messaging...
December 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925484/risk-factors-associated-with-repeated-hiv-testing-among-internet-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Brent A Johnson, Jennie McKenney, Alexandra V Ricca, Eli S Rosenberg, Chang Liu, Akshay Sharma, Patrick S Sullivan
: Men who have sex with men (MSM) represent a disproportionately impacted risk group for HIV incidence among at-risk U.S. POPULATIONS: Few studies have identified risk factors associated with HIV testing frequency both within and outside of traditional health care settings. MSM enrolled in a prospective cohort were mailed at-home specimen collection kits and followed for a year. Incidence density rate ratios (IDRR) of testing were calculated, and generalized estimating equations were used to analyze the association between HIV testing and behavioral factors...
December 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893276/opportunities-for-hiv-prevention-communication-during-sexual-encounters-with-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Tiffiany M Aholou, Jose Nanin, Kathryn Drumhiller, Madeline Y Sutton
Conversations about HIV prevention before engaging in sex may result in safer sex practices and decreased HIV transmission. However, partner communication for HIV prevention has been understudied among black/African American men who have sex with men (BMSM), a group that is disproportionately affected by HIV. We explored and described encounters and perceptions about HIV prevention conversations among BMSM and their sex partner(s) in New York City. We conducted an inductive thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with BMSM who reported sex with a man in the previous 3 months...
January 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875903/correlates-of-sexual-risk-behaviors-among-young-black-msm-implications-for-clinic-based-counseling-programs
#15
Richard A Crosby, Leandro Mena, JaNelle M Ricks
This study applied an 8-item index of recent sexual-risk behaviors to young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) and evaluated the distribution for normality. The distribution was tested for associations with possible antecedents of sexual risk. YBMSM (N = 600), aged 16-29 years, were recruited from a sexually transmitted infection clinic, located in the southern US. Men completed an extensive audio computer-assisted self-interview. Thirteen possible antecedents of sexual risk, as assessed by the index, were selected for analyses...
November 22, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873081/awareness-and-acceptability-of-pre-exposure-hiv-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-baltimore
#16
Susan A Fallon, Ju Nyeong Park, Christine Powell Ogbue, Colin Flynn, Danielle German
This paper assessed characteristics associated with awareness of and willingness to take pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among Baltimore men who have sex with men (MSM). We used data from BESURE-MSM3, a venue-based cross-sectional HIV surveillance study conducted among MSM in 2011. Multivariate regression was used to identify characteristics associated with PrEP knowledge and acceptability among 399 participants. Eleven percent had heard of PrEP, 48% would be willing to use PrEP, and none had previously used it...
November 21, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866390/school-based-hiv-std-testing-behaviors-and-motivations-among-black-and-hispanic-teen-msm-results-from-a-formative-evaluation
#17
Elana Morris, Pablo Topete, Catherine N Rasberry, Catherine A Lesesne, Elizabeth Kroupa, Lisa Carver
BACKGROUND: This evaluation explores experiences with, and motivations for, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing among black and Hispanic school-aged young men who have sex with men (YMSM). METHODS: Participants were recruited at community-based organizations that serve YMSM in New York City, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Eligible participants were 13- to 19-year-old black or Hispanic males who reported attraction to or sexual behavior with other males and/or identified as gay or bisexual, and attended at least 90 days of school in the previous 18 months...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844296/the-role-of-the-primary-romantic-relationship-in-hiv-care-engagement-outcomes-among-young-hiv-positive-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Judy Y Tan, Lance Pollack, Greg Rebchook, John Peterson, David Huebner, Agatha Eke, Wayne Johnson, Susan Kegeles
The primary romantic relationship plays a fundamental role in health maintenance, but little is known about its role in HIV care engagement among young Black men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV. We examined how HIV care engagement outcomes (i.e., having a primary healthcare provider, receiving HIV treatment, taking antiretroviral medication, and medication adherence) vary by partnership status (single vs. concordant-positive vs. discordant) in a sample of young Black MSM living with HIV. Results showed mixed findings...
November 14, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825558/experience-of-online-outreach-for-black-msm-populations-at-high-risk-for-hiv-transmission
#19
Cortney Smith, Maggie White, Michael W Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817101/associations-among-neighborhood-characteristics-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-black-and-white-msm-living-in-a-major-urban-area
#20
Victoria Frye, Vijay Nandi, James E Egan, Magdalena Cerda, Andrew Rundle, James W Quinn, Daniel Sheehan, Danielle C Ompad, Hong Van Tieu, Emily Greene, Beryl Koblin
Identifying neighborhood characteristics associated with sexual HIV risk behavior among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) living in urban areas may inform the development of policies and programs to reduce risk and subsequently HIV prevalence in urban areas. New York City M2M was a cross-sectional study designed to identify neighborhood-level characteristics associated with sexual risk behaviors among MSM living in New York City. This paper presents results of an analysis of neighborhood-level indicators of three distinct social theories of influence of the neighborhood environment on human behavior: physical disorder, social disorganization and social norms theories...
November 5, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
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