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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287844/intersectional-epistemologies-of-ignorance-how-behavioral-and-social-science-research-shapes-what-we-know-think-we-know-and-don-t-know-about-u-s-black-men-s-sexualities
#1
Lisa Bowleg, Ana María Del Río-González, Sidney L Holt, Carolin Pérez, Jenné S Massie, Jessica E Mandell, Cheriko A Boone
Epistemologies of ignorance describe how ignorance influences the production of knowledge. Advancing an intersectional epistemologies of ignorance approach that examines how conscious (or unconscious) ignorance about racism, heterosexism, and classism shapes empirical knowledge about Black men's sexualities, we conducted a critical review of the behavioral and social science research on U.S. Black men, ages 18 and older, for two time frames: pre-1981 and the most recent decade, 2006-2016. Our search yielded 668 articles, which we classified into five categories: sexual violence, sexual experiences and expressions, sexual identities, cultural and social-structural influences, and sexual health and sexual risk...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286983/stigma-medical-mistrust-and-perceived-racism-may-affect-prep-awareness-and-uptake-in-black-compared-to-white-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-jackson-mississippi-and-boston-massachusetts
#2
Sean Cahill, S Wade Taylor, Steven A Elsesser, Leandro Mena, DeMarc Hickson, Kenneth H Mayer
Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) account for more than two thirds of new HIV infections in the U.S., with Black MSM experiencing the greatest burden. Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can reduce MSM's vulnerability to HIV infection. Uptake of PrEP has been limited, particularly among racial and ethnic minority MSM. Four semi-structured focus groups with gay and bisexual men and other MSM at risk for HIV infection were convened in Boston and Jackson in late 2013. The analysis plan utilized a within-case, across-case approach to code and analyze emerging themes, and to compare results across the two cities...
March 12, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260636/hiv-risk-behaviours-among-immigrant-and-ethnic-minority-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-north-america-and-europe-a-systematic-review
#3
Nathaniel M Lewis, Kathi Wilson
HIV surveillance systems show that gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) bear a disproportionate burden of HIV in North American and European countries. Within the MSM category, HIV prevalence is often elevated among ethnic minority (i.e., Latino, Asian, and Black) MSM, many of whom are also foreign-born immigrants. Little research has focused specifically on foreign-born populations, though studies that provide data on the nativity of their samples offer an opportunity to investigate the potential role of transnational migration in informing HIV risk among ethnic minority MSM...
February 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252980/race-ethnicity-religious-affiliation-and-education-are-associated-with-gay-and-bisexual-men-s-religious-and-spiritual-participation-and-beliefs-results-from-the-one-thousand-strong-cohort
#4
Jonathan M Lassiter, Lena Saleh, Tyrel Starks, Christian Grov, Ana Ventuneac, Jeffrey T Parsons
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the rates of spirituality, religiosity, religious coping, and religious service attendance in addition to the sociodemographic correlates of those factors in a U.S. national cohort of 1,071 racially and ethnically diverse HIV-negative gay and bisexual men. METHOD: Descriptive statistics were used to assess levels of spirituality, religiosity, religious coping, and religious service attendance. Multivariable regressions were used to determine the associations between sociodemographic characteristics, religious affiliation, and race/ethnicity with four outcome variables: (1) spirituality, (2) religiosity, (3) religious coping, and (4) current religious service attendance...
March 2, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224313/sexual-stereotypes-ascribed-to-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-an-intersectional-analysis
#5
Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Douglas S Krakower, Kristen Underhill, Kenneth H Mayer, Trace S Kershaw, Joseph R Betancourt, John F Dovidio
Sexual stereotypes may adversely affect the health of Black men who have sex with men (MSM). Greater understanding of the nature and nuances of these stereotypes is needed. This online, survey-based study used an inductive, intersectional approach to characterize the sexual stereotypes ascribed to Black MSM by the U.S. general public, their distinctiveness from those ascribed to Black men and MSM in general, and their relative prototypicality as compared to dominant subgroups. Members of the public, recruited in 2014-2015, were randomly assigned to survey conditions that varied systematically by race (Black, White, or unspecified) and sexual orientation (gay, heterosexual, or unspecified) of a designated social group...
February 21, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210919/prevalence-of-past-year-sexual-assault-victimization-among-undergraduate-students-exploring-differences-by-and-intersections-of-gender-identity-sexual-identity-and-race-ethnicity
#6
Robert W S Coulter, Christina Mair, Elizabeth Miller, John R Blosnich, Derrick D Matthews, Heather L McCauley
A critical step in developing sexual assault prevention and treatment is identifying groups at high risk for sexual assault. We explored the independent and interaction effects of sexual identity, gender identity, and race/ethnicity on past-year sexual assault among college students. From 2011 to 2013, 71,421 undergraduate students from 120 US post-secondary education institutions completed cross-sectional surveys. We fit multilevel logistic regression models to examine differences in past-year sexual assault...
February 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108879/patterns-of-social-affiliations-and-healthcare-engagement-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Rachel L Behler, Benjamin T Cornwell, John A Schneider
Little work has examined how individuals' social affiliations-the venues in which they meet friends and engage in informal social interaction-influence their engagement with public health services. We investigate how links to these local places shape access to information and exposure to health-seeking behavior. Using longitudinal data from a respondent-driven sample of 618 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in Chicago, we identify different sets of social venues that connect YBMSM. We then examine how YBMSM's connections within this network influence their receipt of HIV prevention and treatment services and knowledge of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108878/stigma-and-conspiracy-beliefs-related-to-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-and-interest-in-using-prep-among-black-and-white-men-and-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men
#8
Lisa A Eaton, Seth C Kalichman, Devon Price, Stephanie Finneran, Aerielle Allen, Jessica Maksut
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the US continues to persist, in particular, among race, sexual orientation, and gender minority populations. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), or using antiretroviral medications for HIV prevention, is an effective option, but uptake of PrEP has been slow. Sociocultural barriers to using PrEP have been largely underemphasized, yet have the potential to stall uptake and, therefore, warrant further understanding. In order to assess the relationships between potential barriers to PrEP (i...
January 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101813/a-multi-us-city-assessment-of-awareness-and-uptake-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-black-men-and-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
Lisa A Eaton, Derrick D Matthews, Daniel D Driffin, Leigh Bukowski, Patrick A Wilson, Ron D Stall
The HIV epidemic among Black men and transgender women who have sex with men (BMTW) demands an urgent public health response. HIV point prevalence among this population ranges from 25 to 43%-a rate far exceeding any other group. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention is a very promising prevention tool; however, its full potential to slow the epidemic has yet to be realized. For the current study, random time-location sampling at Black Gay Pride Events was used to collect data from N = 1274 BMTW, from five US cities, reporting HIV-negative/unknown status...
January 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050947/-you-just-can-t-trust-everybody-the-impact-of-sexual-risk-partner-type-and-perceived-partner-trustworthiness-on-hiv-status-disclosure-decisions-among-hiv-positive-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#10
Jason D P Bird, Michael Eversman, Dexter R Voisin
HIV remains an intractable public health concern in the USA, with infection rates notably concentrated among Black gay and bisexual men. Status disclosure by HIV-positive individuals can be an important aspect of risk reduction but doing so poses dilemmas concerning privacy, stigma and self-protection, especially among populations subjected to multiple types of stigmatisation. Understanding the factors related to the disclosure process can help to inform prevention efforts. Using exploratory in-depth interviews, this qualitative study examines the disclosure process among a sample of twenty HIV-positive Black gay and bisexual men (mean age = 40) recruited through a non-profit health centre in a mid-western city in the USA...
January 4, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998184/cdc-funded-hiv-testing-hiv-positivity-and-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-in-non-health-care-settings-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-ymsm-in-the-united-states
#11
Puja Seth, Tanja Walker, Argelia Figueroa
In the United States, HIV infection disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men, aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as YMSM), specifically black YMSM. Knowledge of HIV status is the first step for timely and essential prevention and treatment services. Because YMSM are disproportionately affected by HIV, the number of CDC-funded HIV testing events, overall and newly diagnosed HIV positivity, and linkage to HIV medical care among YMSM in non-health care settings were examined from 61 health department jurisdictions...
December 21, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987435/social-structural-properties-and-hiv-prevention-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-ballroom-house-and-independent-gay-family-communities
#12
Lindsay E Young, Adam B Jonas, Stuart Michaels, Joel D Jackson, Mario L Pierce, John A Schneider
The endogenous social support systems of young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM), like surrogate families and social networks, are considered crucial assets for HIV prevention in this population. Yet, the extent to which these social systems foster sexual health protections or risks remains unclear. We examine the networked patterns of membership in ballroom houses and independent gay families, both Black gay subcultures in the United States, and how these memberships are related to HIV protective and risk traits of members...
February 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883219/drugs-sex-and-condoms-identification-and-interpretation-of-race-specific-cultural-messages-influencing-black-gay-and-bisexual-young-men-living-with-hiv
#13
Gary W Harper, April Timmons Tyler, Douglas Bruce, Louis Graham, Ryan M Wade
Black gay and bisexual young men carry a disproportionate burden of HIV in the United States. This study explored Black gay and bisexual young men living with HIV's identification and interpretation of race-specific cultural messages regarding substance use, sexual activity, and condom use. A total of 36 Black gay and bisexual young men living with HIV (ages 16-24, mean = 20.6 years) from four geographically diverse regions of the United States participated in qualitative in-depth interviews. Results from this study elucidate the ways in which these young men interpret various forms of race-specific cultural messages and experiences regarding substance use, sexual activity, and condom use...
December 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866390/school-based-hiv-std-testing-behaviors-and-motivations-among-black-and-hispanic-teen-msm-results-from-a-formative-evaluation
#14
Elana Morris, Pablo Topete, Catherine N Rasberry, Catherine A Lesesne, Elizabeth Kroupa, Lisa Carver
BACKGROUND: This evaluation explores experiences with, and motivations for, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing among black and Hispanic school-aged young men who have sex with men (YMSM). METHODS: Participants were recruited at community-based organizations that serve YMSM in New York City, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Eligible participants were 13- to 19-year-old black or Hispanic males who reported attraction to or sexual behavior with other males and/or identified as gay or bisexual, and attended at least 90 days of school in the previous 18 months...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865335/the-intersection-of-sociocultural-factors-and-health-related-behavior-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-experiences-among-young-black-gay-males-as-an-example
#15
REVIEW
Errol Fields, Anthony Morgan, Renata Arrington Sanders
Intersectionality suggests that multiple social identities intersect at the individual or micro level of experience and reflects larger social structural inequities experienced on the macro level. This article uses intersectionality to describe how multiple stigmatized social identities can create unique challenges for young black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). YBGBM exist at the intersection of multiple stigmatized identities compared with their majority peers. This article examines key intersecting identities and cultural expectations that exist in YBGBM and how those factors may predispose young men to adverse health outcomes and health inequality...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854527/evaluation-of-the-acceptance-journeys-social-marketing-campaign-to-reduce-homophobia
#16
Shawnika J Hull, Catasha R Davis, Gary Hollander, Mari Gasiorowicz, William L Jeffries, Simone Gray, Jeanne Bertolli, Anneke Mohr
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Acceptance Journeys social marketing campaign to reduce homophobia in the Black community in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. METHODS: We assessed the campaign's effectiveness using a rolling cross-sectional survey. Data were collected annually online between 2011 and 2015. Each year, a unique sample of Black and White adults, aged 30 years and older, were surveyed in the treatment city (Milwaukee) and in 2 comparison cities that did not have antihomophobia campaigns (St...
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817101/associations-among-neighborhood-characteristics-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-black-and-white-msm-living-in-a-major-urban-area
#17
Victoria Frye, Vijay Nandi, James E Egan, Magdalena Cerda, Andrew Rundle, James W Quinn, Daniel Sheehan, Danielle C Ompad, Hong Van Tieu, Emily Greene, Beryl Koblin
Identifying neighborhood characteristics associated with sexual HIV risk behavior among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) living in urban areas may inform the development of policies and programs to reduce risk and subsequently HIV prevalence in urban areas. New York City M2M was a cross-sectional study designed to identify neighborhood-level characteristics associated with sexual risk behaviors among MSM living in New York City. This paper presents results of an analysis of neighborhood-level indicators of three distinct social theories of influence of the neighborhood environment on human behavior: physical disorder, social disorganization and social norms theories...
March 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801915/health-equity-social-justice-and-hiv-in-rhode-island-a-contemporary-challenge
#18
Thomas Bertrand, Philip A Chan, Katharine Howe, Jaime Comella, Theodore Marak, Utpala Bandy
From its beginning, HIV has primarily affected marginalized populations, such as injection drug users, gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), and minority racial and ethnic groups. HIV is a disease that, from the start, has been strongly influenced by issues related to social justice and health equity due to its intersection with behaviors among at-risk populations. While some of the risks associated with HIV have been successfully mitigated through social justice initiatives related to needle exchange programs and routine HIV testing of pregnant women, Rhode Island remains confronted with the health equity challenges of preventing HIV transmission and ensuring access to HIV care/treatment, especially for Black/African Americans, Hispanics, and GBMSM...
November 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768979/cortisol-profiles-differ-by-race-ethnicity-among-young-sexual-minority-men
#19
Stephanie H Cook, Robert-Paul Juster, Benjamin J Calebs, Justin Heinze, Alison L Miller
Much of the extant scientific research examining hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis functioning is conducted among White heterosexuals. Very little research examines HPA-axis functioning between different minority groups. Individuals who identify as both sexual and racial minorities may experience increased stigma and discrimination that can affect HPA-axis functioning. In the current study, we examined diurnal cortisol rhythm in young White gay men (WGM) compared to young Black gay men (BGM). The sample consisted of 70 healthy gay men (mean [SD] age=22...
January 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736103/adult-attachment-as-a-moderator-of-the-association-between-childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-depression-symptoms-among-young-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#20
Stephanie H Cook, Pamela Valera, Benjamin J Calebs, Patrick A Wilson
Objective: The present study examined the moderating effect of adult attachment on the association between childhood traumatic experiences, (i.e., physical abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and being bullied), age of childhood traumatic experience, and young adult depression symptoms among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Method: Self-report measures of attachment, childhood traumatic experiences, and depression symptoms were collected from a community-based sample of YBGBM living in New York City (n = 228)...
October 13, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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