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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883219/drugs-sex-and-condoms-identification-and-interpretation-of-race-specific-cultural-messages-influencing-black-gay-and-bisexual-young-men-living-with-hiv
#1
Gary W Harper, April Timmons Tyler, Douglas Bruce, Louis Graham, Ryan M Wade
Black gay and bisexual young men carry a disproportionate burden of HIV in the United States. This study explored Black gay and bisexual young men living with HIV's identification and interpretation of race-specific cultural messages regarding substance use, sexual activity, and condom use. A total of 36 Black gay and bisexual young men living with HIV (ages 16-24, mean = 20.6 years) from four geographically diverse regions of the United States participated in qualitative in-depth interviews. Results from this study elucidate the ways in which these young men interpret various forms of race-specific cultural messages and experiences regarding substance use, sexual activity, and condom use...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866390/school-based-hiv-std-testing-behaviors-and-motivations-among-black-and-hispanic-teen-msm-results-from-a-formative-evaluation
#2
Elana Morris, Pablo Topete, Catherine N Rasberry, Catherine A Lesesne, Elizabeth Kroupa, Lisa Carver
BACKGROUND: This evaluation explores experiences with, and motivations for, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing among black and Hispanic school-aged young men who have sex with men (YMSM). METHODS: Participants were recruited at community-based organizations that serve YMSM in New York City, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. Eligible participants were 13- to 19-year-old black or Hispanic males who reported attraction to or sexual behavior with other males and/or identified as gay or bisexual, and attended at least 90 days of school in the previous 18 months...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865335/the-intersection-of-sociocultural-factors-and-health-related-behavior-in-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-experiences-among-young-black-gay-males-as-an-example
#3
REVIEW
Errol Fields, Anthony Morgan, Renata Arrington Sanders
Intersectionality suggests that multiple social identities intersect at the individual or micro level of experience and reflects larger social structural inequities experienced on the macro level. This article uses intersectionality to describe how multiple stigmatized social identities can create unique challenges for young black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). YBGBM exist at the intersection of multiple stigmatized identities compared with their majority peers. This article examines key intersecting identities and cultural expectations that exist in YBGBM and how those factors may predispose young men to adverse health outcomes and health inequality...
December 2016: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854527/evaluation-of-the-acceptance-journeys-social-marketing-campaign-to-reduce-homophobia
#4
Shawnika J Hull, Catasha R Davis, Gary Hollander, Mari Gasiorowicz, William L Jeffries, Simone Gray, Jeanne Bertolli, Anneke Mohr
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of the Acceptance Journeys social marketing campaign to reduce homophobia in the Black community in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. METHODS: We assessed the campaign's effectiveness using a rolling cross-sectional survey. Data were collected annually online between 2011 and 2015. Each year, a unique sample of Black and White adults, aged 30 years and older, were surveyed in the treatment city (Milwaukee) and in 2 comparison cities that did not have antihomophobia campaigns (St...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817101/associations-among-neighborhood-characteristics-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-black-and-white-msm-living-in-a-major-urban-area
#5
Victoria Frye, Vijay Nandi, James E Egan, Magdalena Cerda, Andrew Rundle, James W Quinn, Daniel Sheehan, Danielle C Ompad, Hong Van Tieu, Emily Greene, Beryl Koblin
Identifying neighborhood characteristics associated with sexual HIV risk behavior among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) living in urban areas may inform the development of policies and programs to reduce risk and subsequently HIV prevalence in urban areas. New York City M2M was a cross-sectional study designed to identify neighborhood-level characteristics associated with sexual risk behaviors among MSM living in New York City. This paper presents results of an analysis of neighborhood-level indicators of three distinct social theories of influence of the neighborhood environment on human behavior: physical disorder, social disorganization and social norms theories...
November 5, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801915/health-equity-social-justice-and-hiv-in-rhode-island-a-contemporary-challenge
#6
Thomas Bertrand, Philip A Chan, Katharine Howe, Jaime Comella, Theodore Marak, Utpala Bandy
From its beginning, HIV has primarily affected marginalized populations, such as injection drug users, gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), and minority racial and ethnic groups. HIV is a disease that, from the start, has been strongly influenced by issues related to social justice and health equity due to its intersection with behaviors among at-risk populations. While some of the risks associated with HIV have been successfully mitigated through social justice initiatives related to needle exchange programs and routine HIV testing of pregnant women, Rhode Island remains confronted with the health equity challenges of preventing HIV transmission and ensuring access to HIV care/treatment, especially for Black/African Americans, Hispanics, and GBMSM...
November 1, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768979/cortisol-profiles-differ-by-race-ethnicity-among-young-sexual-minority-men
#7
Stephanie H Cook, Robert-Paul Juster, Benjamin J Calebs, Justin Heinze, Alison L Miller
Much of the extant scientific research examining hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis functioning is conducted among White heterosexuals. Very little research examines HPA-axis functioning between different minority groups. Individuals who identify as both sexual and racial minorities may experience increased stigma and discrimination that can affect HPA-axis functioning. In the current study, we examined diurnal cortisol rhythm in young White gay men (WGM) compared to young Black gay men (BGM). The sample consisted of 70 healthy gay men (mean [SD] age=22...
January 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736103/adult-attachment-as-a-moderator-of-the-association-between-childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-depression-symptoms-among-young-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#8
Stephanie H Cook, Pamela Valera, Benjamin J Calebs, Patrick A Wilson
Objective: The present study examined the moderating effect of adult attachment on the association between childhood traumatic experiences, (i.e., physical abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and being bullied), age of childhood traumatic experience, and young adult depression symptoms among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Method: Self-report measures of attachment, childhood traumatic experiences, and depression symptoms were collected from a community-based sample of YBGBM living in New York City (n = 228)...
October 13, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713669/exploring-service-provider-perceptions-of-treatment-barriers-facing-black-non-gay-identified-msmw
#9
Brad Forenza, Ellen Benoit
Non-gay-identified men who have sex with men and women and who use alcohol and other drugs are a vulnerable population. Little is known about health and medical service provider interaction with these underserved clients. This article presents a thematic analysis of two focus groups undertaken with social and medical service providers regarding the needs of non-gay-identified men who have sex with men and women. Four emergent themes (labeling, constructions of masculinity, HIV/AIDS awareness, and treatment success) illustrate perceived barriers to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, as well as treatment success...
2016: Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646852/congruence-of-home-social-and-sex-neighborhoods-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-nycm2m-study
#10
Beryl A Koblin, James E Egan, Vijay Nandi, Jordan M Sang, Magdalena Cerdá, Hong-Van Tieu, Danielle C Ompad, Donald R Hoover, Victoria Frye
Substantial literature demonstrates the influence of the neighborhood environment on health behaviors and outcomes. But limited research examines on how gay and bisexual men experience and exist in various geographic and virtual spaces and how this relates to their sexual behavior. New York City Men 2 Men (NYCM2M) was a cross-sectional study designed to identify neighborhood-level characteristics within the urban environment that influence sexual risk behaviors, substance use, and depression among men who have sex with men (MSM) living in NYC...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630068/hiv-testing-history-and-preferences-for-future-tests-among-gay-men-bisexual-men-and-other-msm-in-england-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
T Charles Witzel, G J Melendez-Torres, Ford Hickson, Peter Weatherburn
OBJECTIVES: The British HIV Association's (BHIVA) testing guidelines recommend men who have sex with men (MSM) test annually or more frequently if ongoing risk is present. We identify which groups of MSM in England are less likely to have tested for HIV and their preferences for future tests by testing model, in order to inform health promotion programmes. METHODS: Data come from the Gay Men's Sex Survey 2014, a cross-sectional survey of MSM, aged 16 years or older and living in the UK...
September 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570578/attachment-orientation-and-sexual-risk-behaviour-among-young-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#12
Stephanie H Cook, Daphne C Watkins, Benjamin Calebs, Patrick A Wilson
This mixed methods study used an explanatory sequential design to examine the relationship between attachment and sexual behavior among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Cross sectional online surveys and sex diaries were completed by a sample of YBGBM in New York City (n = 153) to assess the association between adult attachment insecurity and sexual risk behavior. The Experiences in Close Relationships Scale-Revised (ECR-R) was used to assess three types of adult attachment (i.e., secure, anxious, and avoidant)...
2016: Psychology and Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553028/identity-conflict-and-sexual-risk-for-black-and-latino-ymsm
#13
Charisse L'Pree Corsbie-Massay, Lynn C Miller, John L Christensen, Paul R Appleby, Carlos Godoy, Stephen J Read
Young (aged 18-30) Black and Latino men who have sex with men are at a higher risk of contracting HIV than their White counterparts. In order to better understand the unique nature of sexual risk-taking, we examined the extent to which ethnic group, ethnic identity, and sexual pride predicted condomless anal sex with casual partners among 161 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) who identify as Black or Latino. Negative binomial regressions were conducted using a cross-sectional design. Sexual pride was a negative predictor of condomless anal sex across all participants, but this effect was moderated by ethnic exploration and ethnic group; the relationship between sexual pride and condomless anal sex was strengthened by greater ethnic exploration among Latino YMSM, and weakened by greater ethnic exploration among Black YMSM...
August 23, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539310/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-post-exposure-prophylaxis-among-south-african-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
J M Hugo, R D Stall, K Rebe, J E Egan, G Jobson, G De Swardt, H Struthers, J A McIntyre
The Soweto Men's Study (2008), demonstrated an overall HIV prevalence rate of 13.2 %, with 10.1 % among straight-identified Men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM), 6.4 % among bisexual-identified MSM and 33.9 % among gay-identified MSM. Behavioral interventions are imperative, but insufficient to prevent new HIV infections. Biomedical prevention of HIV offers a variety of combination prevention tools, including Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). PEP studies amongst MSM have been conducted in Amsterdam, Brazil and San Francisco, but never before in Africa...
December 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525047/sexual-and-gender-diversity-within-the-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-hiv-epidemiological-category
#15
Bianca D M Wilson, Ayako Miyashita
Epidemiological categories not only reflect existing frameworks for public health, but reify how subpopulations are defined, understood, and targeted for interventions. The sweeping categorization of Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) used in HIV research and intervention work is one such example. The current paper builds upon previous critiques of the "MSM" nomenclature by delineating the sexual and gender diversity embedded in the term as it pertains specifically to Black peoples. The emphasis is on developing greater specificity about the sociocultural and structural factors that may be shared among these subgroups, such as racism and poverty, and the factors that are likely to distinguish the groups, such as levels of sexual minority identification, access to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) services and community, and experiences with anti-bisexual or anti-transgender bias...
September 2016: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337624/a-multilevel-analysis-of-neighborhood-socioeconomic-disadvantage-and-transactional-sex-with-casual-partners-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-living-in-metro-detroit
#16
José Bauermeister, Lisa Eaton, Rob Stephenson
The role of structural factors when evaluating the vulnerability of human immunodeficiency virus/sexually transmitted infection (HIV/STI) risks among young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men is an important area of focus for HIV prevention. Using cross-sectional data from young men living in Metro Detroit (N = 319; aged 18-29 years; 50% black, 25% white, 15% Latino, 9% other race/ethnicity; 9% HIV-positive), we examined whether transactional sex with casual partners was associated with neighborhood-level socioeconomic disadvantage and individual-level factors (race/ethnicity and sexual identity, socioeconomic status, HIV/STI diagnoses, and substance use)...
July 2016: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315764/developing-a-video-based-ehealth-intervention-for-hiv-positive-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Sabina Hirshfield, Martin J Downing, Jeffrey T Parsons, Christian Grov, Rachel J Gordon, Steven T Houang, Roberta Scheinmann, Patrick S Sullivan, Irene S Yoon, Ian Anderson, Mary Ann Chiasson
BACKGROUND: Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) accounted for 67% of new US human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in 2012; however, less than 40% of HIV-positive GBMSM are virally suppressed. Preventing transmission from virally unsuppressed men who have condomless anal sex (CAS) with serodiscordant partners is a public health imperative. New HIV infections in GBMSM are attributed in part to online access to sex partners; therefore, low-cost eHealth interventions are a unique opportunity to reach men where they meet partners...
2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315021/designing-a-sexual-network-study-of-men-who-have-sex-with-other-men-exploring-racial-and-ethnic-preferences-in-study-design-and-methods
#18
Katie B Biello, Jowanna Malone, Kenneth H Mayer, Angela Robertson Bazzi, Matthew J Mimiaga
Black and Latino gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) have higher rates of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than their White counterparts. Differences in sexual networks have been hypothesized to play an important role in the observed racial/ethnic disparities in risk. However, concerns about the acceptability and feasibility of conducting sociocentric sexual network studies have left a dearth of data on the structure of sexual networks of MSM. If certain network research procedures are unacceptable among target populations, biases may be introduced...
June 17, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244193/enhancing-hiv-prevention-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-systematic-review-of-hiv-behavioral-interventions-for-young-gay-and-bisexual-men
#19
Kenneth C Hergenrather, Diona Emmanuel, Sarah Durant, Scott D Rhodes
Men who have sex with men (MSM) represent 64.0% of people living with HIV (PLWH) over the age of 13 years. Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are particularly affected by HIV/AIDS; the rate of HIV infection for YMSM between the ages of 13 and 24 represents 72.0% of new infections among youth. To understand the current state of the science meant to prevent HIV for YMSM, we reviewed studies of HIV behavioral prevention interventions for YMSM. Five literature databases were searched, from their inception through October 2015, using key words associated with HIV prevention intervention evaluation studies for YMSM...
June 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226330/reliability-and-validity-of-a-material-resources-scale-and-its-association-with-depression-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-the-p18-cohort-study
#20
Danielle C Ompad, Joseph J Palamar, Kristen D Krause, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N Halkitis
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a fundamental cause of ill health, but an understudied determinant of health for gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Surprisingly, few studies have examined the relations between poverty and depression among young MSM. The aims of this study were to determine the reliability and validity of an 18-item Family Resource Scale (FRS) as a measure of SES among YMSM and examine the relations between SES and depression, while taking into account factors associated with resilience or risk for poor mental health...
May 25, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
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