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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449037/commentary-on-cosmetic-liposuction-preoperative-risk-factors-major-complication-rates-and-safety-of-combined-procedures
#1
Nathaniel L Villanueva, Jeffrey M Kenkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448667/association-between-facial-rejuvenation-and-observer-ratings-of-youth-attractiveness-success-and-health
#2
Kristin L Bater, Lisa E Ishii, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Jason C Nellis, Masaru Ishii
Importance: Surgical procedures for the aging face-including face-lift, blepharoplasty, and brow-lift-consistently rank among the most popular cosmetic services sought by patients. Although these surgical procedures are broadly classified as procedures that restore a youthful appearance, they may improve societal perceptions of attractiveness, success, and health, conferring an even larger social benefit than just restoring a youthful appearance to the face. Objectives: To determine if face-lift and upper facial rejuvenation surgery improve observer ratings of age, attractiveness, success, and health and to quantify the effect of facial rejuvenation surgery on each individual domain...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448262/an-unusually-large-carbuncle-of-the-temporofacial-region-demonstrating-remarkable-post-debridement-wound-healing-process-a-case-report
#3
Humaid Ahmad, Sheeraz Shakoor Siddiqui
Skin carbuncles are debilitating skin infections commonly seen in elderly patients with diabetes. These infections develop when a cluster of adjacent furuncles coalesce to form one inflammatory mass. While they commonly occur on the nape of the neck and back, rarer sites involving the face and head have been noted. Management of these rare sites is urgent because of the potential intracranial complications and the surgical outcome is often unsatisfactory due to associated facial scarring. Intraoral drainage is advocated to avoid this; however, when the carbuncle involves a larger area, debridement from the exterior is necessary...
April 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445491/how-people-used-ochre-at-rose-cottage-cave-south-africa-sixty-thousand-years-of-evidence-from-the-middle-stone-age
#4
Tammy Hodgskiss, Lyn Wadley
We describe colour, hardness, grain size, geological type and surface modifications of ochre pieces excavated, first by Malan and later by Harper, from the Middle Stone Age (MSA) of Rose Cottage Cave, 96, 000 to 30, 000 years ago. Soft, bright-red shales are abundant, and most ochre has clayey or silty grain sizes. The post-Howiesons Poort layers contain the most ochre pieces, but the Howiesons Poort layers have the highest frequency of ochre per sediment volume. The pre-Howiesons Poort layers have the highest utilization rate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445361/adolescent-desire-for-cosmetic-surgery-associations-with-bullying-and-psychological-functioning
#5
Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy, Jeremy Dale, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Adolescent bullying may be a key driver of interest in cosmetic surgery. This study examined the extent of such interest and whether any effect was sex-specific, and examined psychological functioning as a potential mechanism through which bullying involvement may lead to a wish for cosmetic surgery. METHODS: A two-stage design was used. In the first stage, 2782 adolescents (aged 11 to 16 years) were screened for bullying involvement using self-reports and peer nominations...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445359/the-impact-of-body-contouring-procedures-on-urologic-outcomes-in-massive-weight-loss-patients
#6
Oren P Mushin, Franca S Kraenzlin, Anees Fazili, Ahmed Ghazi, Ronald P Bossert
BACKGROUND: Post-massive weight loss body contouring is a growing area of plastic surgery. Studies have shown preexisting urinary incontinence amelioration in patients undergoing abdominal body-contouring procedures. These studies are small, focus on cosmetic abdominoplasties, and lack use of standardized surveys. The purpose of this study was to evaluate urinary incontinence endpoints in massive weight loss patients undergoing body-contouring procedures. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted over a 6-year period...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445200/the-nasal-tip-rotation-flap-for-reconstruction-of-the-lateral-nasal-tip-anterior-ala-and-soft-triangle-the-authors-experience-with-55-patients
#7
Anastasia Benoit, S Tyler Hollmig, Brian C Leach
BACKGROUND: Defects of the lateral nasal tip, anterior ala, and soft triangle subunits lack reconstructive options that are consistently satisfactory. For such defects, the novel anterior-based nasal tip rotation flap provides functional and aesthetic results in a single operative session. OBJECTIVE: To describe the authors' experience with the nasal tip rotation flap, including patient selection and design modifications to enhance aesthetic success. METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective database review of nasal tip rotation flap repairs was performed at the Medical University of South Carolina and Stanford University Medical Center...
April 24, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445185/orbicularis-retaining-ligament-release-in-lower-blepharoplasty-assessing-efficacy-and-complications
#8
Norman J Chan, Maryam Nazemzadeh, Morris E Hartstein, John B Holds, Guy G Massry, Allan E Wulc
PURPOSE: Release of the orbicularis retaining ligament (ORL) has been advocated as a technique to address tear trough deformities. This study sought to compare the effectiveness and morbidity of lower blepharoplasty with and without ORL release. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 53 lower blepharoplasty patients. Twenty-six patients had ORL release and 27 patients did not. Three independent masked experienced cosmetic surgeons reviewed preoperative and postoperative photographs to assess degree of swelling, ecchymosis, change in steatoblepharon and tear trough deformity, and overall aesthetic result...
April 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445099/laparoscopic-spigelian-hernia-repair-intraperitoneal-onlay-mesh-plus-technique-video-presentation
#9
Dimitrios Zacharoulis, Eleni Sioka
BACKGROUND: Spigelian hernia represents a rare entity. Traditionally, it was repaired by the open technique. Various laparoscopic techniques have emerged periodically. Most laparoscopic repairs use the technique of placing an intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM). There is currently a tendency to close the hernia defect. METHODS: A 68-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of vague abdominal pain and discomfort. Physical examination revealed a bulky palpable mass on the left side of the patient...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445085/regenerative-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-cosmetic-defect-following-nuss-procedure
#10
Flavio Facchini, Marco Ghionzoli, Alessandra Martin, Sara Tanini, Sara Ugolini, Roberto Lo Piccolo, Antonio Messineo
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, the minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) has become the treatment of choice for severe pectus excavatum (PE), proving acceptable to excellent cosmetic results. Recently, autologous fat grafting (FG) has been identified in aesthetic and reconstructive surgery to ideally handle volume and contour defects. We report our experience about FG in the treatment of residual minor defects after MIRPE and a proposal for a new indication of this largely adopted technique...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444532/the-utrecht-cohort-for-multiple-breast-cancer-intervention-studies-and-long-term-evaluation-umbrella-objectives-design-and-baseline-results
#11
D A Young-Afat, C H van Gils, H J G D van den Bongard, H M Verkooijen
PURPOSE: In oncology, RCTs are often beset by slow recruitment, limited generalizability, and strong preferences for interventions by patients and physicians. The cohort multiple randomized controlled trial (cmRCT) is an innovative design with the potential to overcome those challenges. In cmRCT, a prospective cohort serves as an infrastructure for multiple RCTs. We implemented cmRCT in a clinical breast cancer setting by creating UMBRELLA-a large prospective cohort of breast cancer and DCIS patients/survivors...
April 25, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443751/a-prospective-cohort-study-assessing-differences-in-cosmetic-appreciation-of-lateralization-while-smiling-in-patients-with-a-peripheral-facial-palsy
#12
Robin E Luijmes, Carien H G Beurskens, Sjaak Pouwels, Koen J A O Ingels
We investigated the differences in cosmetic appreciation of patients with a left and a right peripheral facial palsy (PFP) while smiling. Smiling pictures of patients with a facial palsy with House-Brackmann II-VI were reversed as a mirror image and offered as a pair of pictures, together with the true image. Twenty-six patients with a PFP and 24 medical professionals familiar with facial palsy were asked to choose the most attractive photograph. Patients rated their own pictures. Medical professionals preferred pictures of patients with a right and left PFP in, respectively, a mean of 43...
April 26, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442855/the-functional-outcome-of-mini-carpal-tunnel-release
#13
Amaleswaran Anbarasan, Nahulan Thevarajah, Abdul Nawfar Sadagatullah
Introduction Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is one of the most common compression neuropathies in the upper limbs and requires surgery if conservative treatment fails. This study assessed the functional outcome of vertical mini carpal tunnel release (CTR) at distal wrist crease. Objective To evaluate prospectively the safety, effectiveness, and reproducibility of vertical mini-open blind technique for CTR. Methods In total, 36 patients (40 hands) aged between 22 and 71 years with mild to moderate CTS based on nerve conduction studies were selected and screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria...
April 2017: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442470/late-outcomes-in-children-with-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#14
Tin Wai Chow, Wing Kwan Leung, Frankie Wai Tsoi Cheng, Shekhar Medhukar Kumta, Winnie Chiu Wing Chu, Vincent Lee, Matthew Ming Kong Shing, Chi Kong Li
INTRODUCTION: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease with diverse clinical courses. Despite improvement in survival outcomes in the recent decades, sequelae of the disease remain a concern. This study aimed to provide information on the long-term outcomes in patients with LCH, particularly on the sequelae and any associated factors. METHOD: Medical records of patients with diagnosis of LCH and being managed in our centre were retrospectively reviewed...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441729/the-influence-of-hydroxyapatite-nanoparticle-morphology-on-embryonic-development-in-a-zebrafish-exposure-model
#15
Shiuli Pujari-Palmer, Xi Lu, Marjam Karlsson Ott
Nanomaterials are used in many different industries such as cosmetics, food, clothing, and electronics. There is increasing concern that exposure to nanoparticles (NPs) during pregnancy can adversely affect fetal development. It is well known that the size, charge, and chemistry of a nanoparticle can modulate embryological development. The role that particle morphology plays on early development, however, is still widely unknown. The present study aims to investigate the effect of hydroxyapatite nanoparticle (HANP) morphology on embryological development in a zebrafish exposure model...
April 22, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441214/the-osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis
#16
Mehran Zarei-Ghanavati, Venkata Avadhanam, Alfonso Vasquez Perez, Christopher Liu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the practice of and recent developments in the osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis. RECENT FINDINGS: Formal psychological assessment and support have been described. A sub-aqua system for fashioning the osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis lamina; adoption of thicker laminae; use of bisphosphonate drugs; advances in laminar imaging; and use of bone augmentation and bone morphogenetic protein have been described for prevention, detection, and management of laminar resorption...
April 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440932/microplastics-in-a-freshwater-environment-receiving-treated-wastewater-effluent
#17
Steven Lasee, Jessica Mauricio, William A Thompson, Adcharee Karnjanapiboonwong, John Kasumba, Seenivasan Subbiah, Audra N Morse, Todd A Anderson
Small plastic fragments (microplastics or solid particles <5 mm in size or "microbeads" used in personal care products and cosmetics) may ultimately find their way into aquatic environments. We studied the presence of microplastics (particle sizes 53-105 μm and 106-179 μm) spatially and temporally in 3 connected urban lakes being fed by treated wastewater effluent in Lubbock, Texas. These lakes also serve as drainage during storm events. Water samples from drainage playa wetlands within the city were also collected...
May 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439596/comparative-clinical-study-of-laparoscopic-and-open-surgery-in-children-with-choledochal-cysts
#18
Guoxin Song, Xiangyu Jiang, Jian Wang, Aiwu Li
To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic management of choledochal cysts compared with the open approach, even in early childhood.  Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 206 patients with choledochal cysts between June 2003 and May 2015. Of these, 104 patients underwent open cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy (open operation [OP]) and 102 patients received laparoscopic management and hepaticojejunostomy (laparoscopic operation [LP]). The patients who underwent a laparoscopic approach were further divided by the age of 3 years...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438783/mistakes-and-missed-opportunities-regarding-cosmetic-surgery-and-conscientious-objection
#19
Toni C Saad
In her paper 'Cosmetic surgery and conscientious objection', Minerva rightly identifies cosmetic surgery as an interesting test case for the question of conscientious objection in medicine. Her treatment of this important subject, however, seems problematic. It is argued that Minerva's suggestion that a doctor has a prima facie duty to satisfy patient preferences even against his better clinical judgment, which we call Patient Preference Absolutism, must be regarded with scepticism. This is because (1) it overlooks an important distinction regarding autonomy's meaning and place in clinical practice, and (2) it makes obsolete the important concepts of expert clinical judgment and beneficence...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437696/different-toxicity-of-anatase-and-rutile-tio2-nanoparticles-on-macrophages-involvement-of-difference-in-affinity-to-proteins-and-phospholipids
#20
Qilin Yu, Honggang Wang, Qi Peng, Ye Li, Zhe Liu, Mingchun Li
TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) are well-known nanomaterials (NMs), widely used in cosmetics, solar cells, photo-catalysts and additives. Anatase and rutile are the two main crystalline phases of TiO2 NPs and have distinct electrical and optical properties. However, their relative toxicity to organisms is a current topic of debate. In this study, we synthesize both anatase NPs (TiO2-A) and rutile NPs (TiO2-R) with similar particle sizes (20-40nm), surface areas (51-52m(2)/g) and Zeta potentials (-13.4 to -13.7mV), and investigate their toxicity to macrophages...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
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