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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419129/factors-related-to-axial-length-elongation-and-myopia-progression-in-orthokeratology-practice
#1
Bingjie Wang, Rajeev K Naidu, Xiaomei Qu
PURPOSE: To investigate which baseline factors are predictive for axial length growth over an average period of 2.5 years in a group of children wearing orthokeratology (OK) contact lenses. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the clinical records of 249 new OK wearers between January 2012 and December 2013 from the contact lens clinic at the Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University were reviewed. The primary outcome measure was axial length change from baseline to the time of review (July-August 2015)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412800/-visual-quality-comparison-after-multifocal-toric-intraocular-lens-or-monofocal-toric-intraocular-lens-implantation
#2
K Feng, H K Guo, Y L Zhang, Z Wu
Objective: To compare visual quality and satisfaction after multifocal toric intraocular lens (Acrysof IQ Restor toric, ART) and monofocal toric intraocular lens implantation in patients. Methods: It was a prospective nonrandomized Phase Ⅲ clinical trial. Patients with age-related cataract and corneal astigmatism were enrolled and accepted phacoemulsification combined with implantation of intraocular lens (IOL) in Henan Provincial Eye Hospital during March 2013 to December 2014. Fifty-six cases were divided into two groups according to which IOL they chose...
April 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410715/comparison-of-astigmatic-prediction-errors-associated-with-new-calculation-methods-for-toric-intraocular-lenses
#3
Tiago B Ferreira, Paulo Ribeiro, Filomena J Ribeiro, João G O'Neill
PURPOSE: To compare the prediction errors in residual astigmatism associated with new calculation methods for toric intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Hospital da Luz, Lisbon, Portugal. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: In eyes having cataract surgery with toric IOL implantation (Acrysof IQ), the predicted residual astigmatism by each calculation method was compared with the manifest refractive astigmatism...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399068/descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-and-refractive-surgery
#4
C Maya Tong, Lamis Baydoun, Gerrit R J Melles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) has become a first-line treatment in corneal endothelial diseases because of its exceptional clinical outcomes and low complication rates. Because of its improved refractive predictability, DMEK is now also considered for managing cases with endothelial decompensation following previous refractive procedures, or in combination with those. This article reviews the clinical outcomes in these cases and discusses the possibility of refractive interventions following DMEK...
April 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380650/-evaluation-of-postoperative-astigmatism-correction-and-postoperative-rotational-stability-of-two-toric-intraocular-lenses
#5
M Grohlich, K Miháltz, M Lasta, B Weingessel, V Vécsei-Marlovits
Background The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the rotational stability and the refractive outcome of two different toric IOLs. Methods This study included 41 eyes with corneal astigmatism greater than 1.5 diopters (D). All patients underwent surgery in the Department of Ophthalmology at Hietzing Hospital between 2010 and 2013. The study lenses were the Alcon AcrySof IQ Toric IOL and the Abbott Tecnis Toric Aspheric IOL. Measurements of corneal topography and aberrations were performed with the HOYA iTrace™...
April 5, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380649/-clinical-comparison-of-a-trifocal-and-a-trifocal-toric-intraocular-lens-based-on-the-same-diffractive-platform
#6
M Gerl, D R H Breyer, P Hagen, M J Koss, M Mueller, M Al Saad, R H Gerl, H Kaymak, K Klabe, F T A Kretz
Purpose To evaluate and compare the visual performance of a trifocal and a trifocal-toric intraocular lens (IOL) based on the same diffractive platform. Methods Prospective non-randomized comparative study enrolling 142 eyes of 77 patients (age 40-73 years) undergoing uneventful phacoemulsification lens surgery. Two groups were differentiated according to the implanted IOL: trifocal group, 98 eyes (50 patients) implanted with the trifocal diffractive IOL AT LISA tri 839MP (Carl Zeiss Meditec), and trifocal-toric group, 44 eyes (27 patients) implanted with the trifocal-toric diffractive IOL AT LISA trifocal-toric 939MP (Carl Zeiss Meditec)...
April 5, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366378/postoperative-rotation-of-supplementary-sulcus-supported-toric-intraocular-lenses
#7
Jay J Meyer, Bia Z Kim, Mohammed Ziaei, Charles N J McGhee
We describe 7 cases in which supplementary sulcus-based toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) rotated postoperatively, requiring surgical realignment. The initial rotation was identified clinically between 3 months and 36 months postoperatively. All eyes had keratoconus, with and without prior keratoplasty, and 6 had longer than average axial lengths. No preceding trauma could be identified for 5 of the eyes. One eye had 3 episodes of postoperative IOL rotation, eventually requiring suture fixation to stabilize the IOL...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366359/simple-steep-axis-marking-technique-using-a-corneal-analyzer
#8
Alex L K Ng, Tommy C Y Chan, Vishal Jhanji, George P M Cheng
We describe a simple steep-axis marking technique that uses a corneal analyzer (OPD III scan) during arcuate keratotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. The technique requires a single reference mark at the limbus, which does not have to be on the horizontal axis. Using the corneal analyzer, the angle between the steep axis and the reference line between the reference mark and the center of the cornea can be determined. The angle from the reference mark is used intraoperatively to locate the steep axis...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336224/surface-coverage-with-single-vs-multiple-gaze-surface-topography-to-fit-scleral-lenses
#9
Gregory DeNaeyer, Donald R Sanders, Timothy S Farajian
OBJECTIVES: To determine surface coverage of measurements using the sMap3D(®) corneo-scleral topographer in patients presenting for scleral lens fitting. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of 23 scleral lens patients were examined. Up-gaze, straight-gaze, and down-gaze positions of each eye were "stitched" into a single map. The percentage surface coverage between 10mm and 20mm diameter circles from corneal center was compared between the straight-gaze and stitched images...
March 20, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328814/clinical-outcomes-of-new-toric-trifocal-diffractive-intraocular-lens-in-patients-with-cataract-and-stable-keratoconus-six-months-follow-up
#10
Doroodgar Farideh, Sanginabadi Azad, Niazi Feizollah, Niazi Sana, Alinia Cyrus, Ghoreishi Mohammad, Baradaran-Rafii Alireza
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical results of toric trifocal diffractive intraocular lens in eyes with cataract and mild keratoconus. METHODS: Five keratoconus patients (10 eyes) that had bilateral AT LISA 939 implantation were selected and had followed in 3-time horizons of 1, 3, and 6 months. Patients were 46 to 65 years old age, corneal astigmatism of (2.00 D at 6.75 D) and cataract that all of them needed cataract surgery. The distance, intermediate and near visual acuities, defocus curve, ocular aberrations, contrast sensitivity, were measured as effectiveness criteria...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303636/variation-in-seed-packaging-of-a-fleshy-fruited-conifer-provides-insights-into-the-ecology-and-evolution-of-multi-seeded-fruits
#11
Lucía DeSoto, Rubén Torices, Susana Rodríguez-Echeverría, Cristina Nabais
The study of intraspecific seed packaging (i.e. seed size/number strategy) variation across different populations may allow a better understanding of the ecological forces that drive seed evolution in plants. Juniperus thurifera (Cupressaceae) provides a good model to study this due to the existence of two subspecies differentiated by phenotypic traits, such as seed size and cone seediness (number of seeds inside a cone) across its range. The aim of this study was to analyse seed packaging (seed mass and cone seediness) variation at different scales (subspecies, populations and individuals) and the relationship between cone and seed traits in European and African J...
March 17, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298709/prevalence-of-corneal-astigmatism-in-an-nhs-cataract-surgery-practice-in-northern-ireland
#12
David S Curragh, Patrick Hassett
PURPOSE: Post-operative corneal astigmatism following cataract surgery can leave the patient with visual impairment. Correcting it at the time of surgery with a toric intraocular lens (TIOL) can give patients a better final visual outcome. The purpose was to determine the prevalence of corneal astigmatism in a cataract population and assess the demand for TIOL. METHODS: Keratometric data was collected and analyzed for all patients who attended for routine cataract surgery under the care of a single surgeon based in Altnagelvin Area Hospital, Northern Ireland (NI)...
January 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289879/-predictability-of-residual-astigmatism-after-implantation-of-posterior-chamber-toric-lenses
#13
D Mies, T Klink, W Eisenbarth, L M Meyer
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to examine the predictability of residual astigmatism after cataract surgery and implantation of the posterior chamber aspheric toric lens TECNIS® ZCT, Abott Medical Optic (Ettlingen, Deutschland). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective study included a total of 88 patient eyes undergoing a cataract operation with a toric lens implantation between March 2014 and October 2015. The inclusion criteria were a regular astigmatism of at least 0...
March 13, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282193/experimental-identification-of-non-abelian-topological-orders-on-a-quantum-simulator
#14
Keren Li, Yidun Wan, Ling-Yan Hung, Tian Lan, Guilu Long, Dawei Lu, Bei Zeng, Raymond Laflamme
Topological orders can be used as media for topological quantum computing-a promising quantum computation model due to its invulnerability against local errors. Conversely, a quantum simulator, often regarded as a quantum computing device for special purposes, also offers a way of characterizing topological orders. Here, we show how to identify distinct topological orders via measuring their modular S and T matrices. In particular, we employ a nuclear magnetic resonance quantum simulator to study the properties of three topologically ordered matter phases described by the string-net model with two string types, including the Z_{2} toric code, doubled semion, and doubled Fibonacci...
February 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264129/the-effect-of-lens-sphere-and-cylinder-power-on-residual-astigmatism-and-its-resolution-after-toric-intraocular-lens-implantation
#15
John P Berdahl, David R Hardten, Brent A Kramer, Richard Potvin
PURPOSE: To analyze correlations between residual refractive cylinder (and its correction through lens reorientation) with the sphere and cylinder power of the toric intraocular lens (IOL) implanted. METHODS: An online toric back-calculator (www.astigmatismfix.com) allows users to input toric IOL planning data, along with postoperative IOL orientation and refractive results; these data are used to determine the optimal orientation of the IOL to reduce refractive astigmatism...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253404/protective-role-of-orthokeratology-in-reducing-risk-of-rapid-axial-elongation-a-reanalysis-of-data-from-the-romio-and-to-see-studies
#16
Pauline Cho, Sin-Wan Cheung
Purpose: To determine the relative risk of rapid progression and number needed to treat (NNT) in younger and older children using combined data from the retardation of myopia in orthokeratology (ROMIO) and toric orthokeratology-slowing eye elongation (TO-SEE) studies. Methods: Data from 136 subjects of two studies, ROMIO and TO-SEE, were retrieved (72 orthokeratology [ortho-k]: 37 ROMIO, 35 TO-SEE; 64 control: 41 ROMIO, 23 TO-SEE) and the myopia control effect on younger (6-8 years) and older (9-12 years) subjects evaluated...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225492/clinical-application-of-ticl-implantation-for-ametropia-following-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-for-keratoconus-a-consort-compliant-article
#17
Qin Qin, Liping Yang, Zifang He, Zhenping Huang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the clinical application of phakic toric intraocular collamer lens (TICL) implantation in treating ametropia following deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) for patients with keratoconus, especially the effectiveness and safety of high astigmatism and indications of TICL implantation after corneal transplantation. METHODS: Using the self-controlled case series observation approach, 9 patients with ametropia (9 eyes) who underwent DALK surgery for keratoconus 1...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223775/a-comparison-of-three-different-corneal-marking-methods-used-to-determine-cyclotorsion-in-the-horizontal-meridian
#18
Hung-Yuan Lin, Yi-Ting Fang, Ya-Jung Chuang, Justin N Karlin, Hsin-Yang Chen, Szu-Yuan Lin, Pi-Jung Lin, Ming Chen
During toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation, surgeons must take particular care to ensure that inaccurate preoperative measurement and intraoperative misalignment do not cause unexpected postoperative residual astigmatism. This retrospective, comparative case series study aimed to analyze the rotational deviation, or cyclotorsion, of three corneal marking methods: VERION digital marker (VDM; reference), horizontal slit beam marking (HSBM), and subjective direct visual marking (SDVM) on the table (using a bevel knife tip)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222711/pseudophakic-ametropia-management-with-toric-implantable-collamer-lens-with-a-central-hole-case-report
#19
Xun Chen, Xiaoying Wang, Xingtao Zhou
BACKGROUND: To report the clinical outcomes of correcting pseudophakic ametropia using toric implantable collamer lens with a 360 um central hole (TICL V4c). CASE PRESENTATION: The right eye of a 22-year-old male patient developed high myopia after unilateral phacoemulsification and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation following traumatic cataract 16 years ago. The manifest refraction was -11.50 DS/-2.50 DC × 175 with an uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) of 20/2000 and a corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) of 20/20...
February 21, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210183/intraocular-lens-power-overestimation-in-a-patient-with-history-of-circling-keratorraphy
#20
Vasilios F Diakonis, Nilufer Yesilirmak, George D Kymionis, Sonia H Yoo
We report a case of cataract extraction and intraocular lens (IOL) power overestimation in a patient with history of hyperopia managed with circling keratorraphy. A 65-year-old female presented to our institute complaining of decreased vision in both eyes. The patient had a history of bilateral hyperopia that was managed 20 years ago (1994) with circling keratorraphy. At presentation her uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/70 and 20/60 in her right eye (OD) and left eye (OS), respectively, while her corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 20/25 OD and 20/25 OS with manifest refraction of -0...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
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