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C Kern, K Kortüm, M Müller, A Kampik, S Priglinger, W J Mayer
Purpose: To compare two calculators for toric intraocular lens (IOL) calculation and to evaluate the prediction of refractive outcome. Methods: Sixty-four eyes of forty-five patients underwent cataract surgery followed by implantation of a toric intraocular lens (Zeiss Torbi 709 M) calculated by a standard industry calculator using front keratometry values. Prediction error, median absolute error, and refractive astigmatism error were evaluated for the standard calculator...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Lauren G Gabra, Samir I Sayegh
This study develops a method to determine toricity ratios used by arbitrary toric intraocular lens calculators. Access to this information allows for the improvement of refractive results. We derive the Sayegh-Gabra formula, which uses input and output parameters in a toric calculator to extract toricity ratios that are typically not disclosed. We illustrate the method on a number of commercial calculators. For each calculator, high, average, and low axial length values are crossed with high, average, and low mean corneal power values to generate a 3 × 3 matrix...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Bryan S Lee, David F Chang
PURPOSE: To compare the rotational stability of the 2 most commonly used toric intraocular lenses (TIOLs). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study in a single private practice. SUBJECTS: The study included all patients receiving an Acrysof (n = 626) or Tecnis TIOL (n = 647) over an 18-month period from April 2015 to September 2016. Patients were only excluded if their surgery could not be performed using a digital marking system. METHODS: All patients had cataract surgery performed in the same surgical center with a similar technique...
March 12, 2018: Ophthalmology
Olga Reitblat, Adi Levy, Guy Kleinmann, Ehud I Assia
PURPOSE: To compare ocular measurements of three optical biometry devices and their application in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations. METHODS: One hundred and forty eyes which had undergone cataract extraction surgery with preoperative biometry with OA--2000, IOLMaster-500, and Lenstar-LS900 were enrolled. Biometry measurements of the three devices were compared. The deviation of the postoperative refraction from the preoperative refractive target was calculated with different formulas (Barrett Universal II, Hoffer Q, Holladay I, and SRK/T)...
March 12, 2018: Eye
Carmen Canovas, Aixa Alarcon, Robert Rosén, Sanjeev Kasthurirangan, Joseph J K Ma, Douglas D Koch, Patricia Piers
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of toric intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations of a new algorithm that incorporates the effect of posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA). SETTING: Abbott Medical Optics, Inc., Groningen, the Netherlands. DESIGN: Retrospective case report. METHODS: In eyes implanted with toric IOLs, the exact vergence formula of the Tecnis toric calculator was used to predict refractive astigmatism from preoperative biometry, surgeon-estimated surgically induced astigmatism (SIA), and implanted IOL power, with and without including the new PCA algorithm...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Thomas A Berk, Matthew B Schlenker, Xavier Campos-Möller, Austin M Pereira, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
PURPOSE: Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) has emerged as an alternative to manual cataract surgery (MCS) for corneal incision and capsulorhexis creation, as well as nuclear fragmentation. This study compares postoperative refractive and visual outcomes in eyes receiving MCS or FLACS. DESIGN: Single-center, comparative, retrospective cohort analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive eyes receiving FLACS and MCS from July 1, 2012, to July 31, 2015, at a single tertiary care center...
March 6, 2018: Ophthalmology
Andreas Pallas, Tun Kuan Yeo, Michelle Trevenen, Graham Barrett
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of two common reference marking methods for toric intraocular lens alignment before and after using the novel toriCAM application. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized study, 22 participants were randomly allocated to two groups, either freehand or slit-lamp-assisted marking. Corneal markings at 0° and 180° were made using either method. The toriCAM application on a smartphone was then used to assess the rotational alignment of these markings and compared to the actual alignment as measured by the Zaldivar calipers on the iTrace Topographer (Tracey Technologies, Houston, TX) as a reference...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Motohiro Itoi, Motozumi Itoi, Nathan Efron, Philip Morgan, Craig Woods
PURPOSE: To review contact lens prescribing trends in Japan between 2003 and 2016. METHODS: An annual survey of contact lens prescribing trends was conducted each year between 2003 and 2016. Japanese ophthalmologists were asked to provide information relating to ten consecutive contact lens fittings between January and March every year. RESULTS: Over the 14 years of the annual survey, data from a total of 64,122 contact lens fits were returned by ophthalmologists...
February 26, 2018: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Daddi Fadel
PURPOSE: To summarize the research findings on the ocular surface profile, to provide a definition and a classification of the corneoscleral shape, and to offer guidelines in selecting scleral lens design. METHODS: The definition of rotational symmetry and rotational asymmetry was inquired and PubMed searches were conducted. RESULTS: The better understanding of the scleral contact lens comportment on the eye and the introduction of new diagnostic instruments to measure the anterior ocular surface have led to improve comprehension of corneoscleral contour formulating new scleral lens designs...
February 26, 2018: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
Anju Rastogi, Samreen Khanam, Yashpal Goel, Prolima Thacker, Prateek Kumar
Purpose: To evaluate the rotational stability of toric intraocular lens (IOL) when co-implanted with a capsular tension ring (CTR) as compared to that of a toric IOL without a CTR. Methods: This was a prospective randomized clinical trial performed in a tertiary care centre in India. Fifty adult human eyes with visually significant cataract and regular corneal astigmatism ≥1.5D divided into two groups of 25 eyes each, A and B by simple randomization. Eyes with corneal pathology, lens subluxation, and a specular endothelial cell count <2000/mm2 were excluded from the study...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Marijana Jurić, Lidija Androš Dubraja, Jasminka Popović, Krešimir Molčanov, Filip Torić, Damir Pajić, Ivor Lončarić
Three heterometallic oxo-bridged compounds, [Cr2 (phen)4 (μ-O)4 Nb2 (C2 O4 )4 ]·2H2 O (1; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline), [Cr2 (terpy)2 (H2 O)2 (μ-O)4 Nb2 (C2 O4 )4 ]·4H2 O (2; terpy = 2,2';6',2''-terpyridine) and [Cr(terpy)(C2 O4 )(H2 O)][Cr2 (terpy)2 (C2 O4 )2 (μ-O)2 Nb(C2 O4 )2 ]·3H2 O (3), have been synthesized using a building block approach and characterized by IR spectroscopy, single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, magnetization measurements, and DFT calculations. The molecular structures of 1 and 2, crystallizing in P42 21 2 and P21 /n space groups, respectively, contain a square-shaped {Cr(μ-O)4 Nb} unit, while that of complex salt 3 (P1[combining macron] space group) consists of a mononuclear cation containing CrIII and trinuclear anions in which two CrIII ions are bridged by a -O-NbV -O- fragment...
February 26, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Tarannum Mansoori, Satish Gooty Agraharam
PURPOSE: To report an interesting phenomenon, after vitreoretinal surgery, in an eye with toric implantable collamer lens (ICL). METHODS: A 20-year-old male presented with raised intraocular pressure (IOP) after the retinal detachment surgery in the left eye. He had toric ICL in both the eyes, and left eye showed shallow peripheral anterior chamber depth (ACD), narrow iridocorneal angle (ICA), increased ICL vault and pigments debris blocking central hole. After dilation, peripheral ACD deepened, ICL vault decreased and ICA increased, with posterior bowing of iris...
February 24, 2018: International Ophthalmology
M Raucau, H El Chehab, E Agard, C Lagenaite, C Dot
SUBJECT: The main objective of our study is to evaluate the contribution of automated conjunctival recognition in the alignment of toric implants by comparing the automatic alignment optimized with Callisto™ to the manual marking of the horizontal axis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, descriptive, and monocentric study on patients undergoing cataract surgery with toric implantation (Asphina 709 Zeiss), operated by a surgeon with good experience in toricity, between September 2016 and March 2017...
February 6, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Jong Hwa Jun, Seung Pil Bang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Kristof Vandekerckhove
PURPOSE: To compare the rotational stability, total misalignment, and visual and refractive outcomes achieved with a trifocal toric versus a monofocal toric intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: In this prospective, interventional case series, eyes of patients consecutively scheduled for cataract surgery who had clinically relevant astigmatism were implanted with a FineVision Pod FT trifocal toric IOL or an Ankoris monofocal toric IOL (both PhysIOL SA, Liège, Belgium)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Guy Sallet
We report the case of an emmetropic 32-year-old female with decreased uncorrected visual acuity and diplopia due to intermittent episodes of spasm of the near reflex. Neurologic, general, and ophthalmic examination could not find an organic cause. Attempts at spontaneous recovery, psychogenic therapy, and cycloplegic therapy were unsuccessful and the symptoms persisted for almost 5 years, leading to psychogenic distress. Final treatment with refractive lens exchange and implantation of a toric trifocal intraocular lens resolved the spasm of the near reflex, resulting in an uncorrected distance and near visual acuity of 20/20...
September 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Kanmin Xue, Jasleen K Jolly, Sonia P Mall, Shreya Haldar, Paul H Rosen, Robert E MacLaren
BACKGROUND: With increasing availability of toric intraocular lenses (IOL) for cataract surgery, real-world refractive outcome data is needed to aid the counselling of patients regarding lens choice. We aim to assess the outcomes of toric intraocular lens use in the non-specialist environment of a typical United Kingdom NHS cataract service. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study conducted at the Oxford Eye Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK...
February 6, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
K D Clark
INTRODUCTION: The published literature on toric intraocular lenses (IOL) reports postoperative refractive cylinder less than or equal to 0.5 D in anywhere from 25% to 100% of implantations with both the Acrysof ® Toric and Tecnis ® Toric IOL, depending upon the article. However, the majority of articles tend to cite rates between 70% and 80%. PURPOSE: The purpose was to evaluate my personal outcomes for both models of toric IOL, in terms of one-month postoperative refractive cylinder, after implementation of new methods of IOL selection, calculation and implantation...
January 29, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
P S Moulick, Deepak Kalra, Alok Sati, Sandeep Gupta, M A Khan, Archana Singh
Background: The prevalence and nature of corneal astigmatism among cataract surgery candidates has not been well-documented in Indian population. The purpose of the study is to analyse prevalence and presentation patterns of corneal astigmatism (CA) in cataract surgery candidates. Methods: Keratometric values were measured in patients before cataract extraction. Descriptive statistics of CA were analysed including the assessment with age ranges. Results: Mean CA of 223 eyes of 223 patients [mean age 61 ± 10 years (range, 29-90 years)] was 0...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Jasmine Chuang, Kendrick Co Shih, Tommy C Chan, Kelvin H Wan, Vishal Jhanji, Louis Tong
An impaired ocular surface adversely affects preoperative planning for cataract surgery, including intraocular lens (IOL) calculations, toric IOL axis and magnitude estimates, keratometry, and topography measurements. It also increases surgical difficulty. We performed a review to evaluate the connection between cataract surgery and dry eye and to determine the best management for these patients. Of the 16 papers included in this review, 6 were randomized controlled trials. Cataract surgery was shown to worsen ocular parameters and aggravate dry-eye disease...
December 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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