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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532941/cataract-surgery-practices-in-the-united-states-veterans-health-administration
#1
Annika G Havnaer, Paul B Greenberg, Glenn C Cockerham, Melissa A Clark, Amy Chomsky
PURPOSE: To describe current cataract surgery practices within the United States Veterans Health Administration (VHA). SETTING: Veterans Health Administration hospitals in the U.S. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. METHODS: An initial e-mail containing a link to an anonymous 32-question survey of cataract surgery practices was sent to participants in May 2016. Two reminder e-mails were sent to nonresponders 1 week and 2 weeks after the initial survey was sent; the remaining nonresponders were called twice over a 2-week period...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532935/toric-outcomes-computer-assisted-registration-versus-intraoperative-aberrometry
#2
Jonathan D Solomon, John Ladas
PURPOSE: To compare refractive outcomes of intraoperative computer-assisted registration and intraoperative aberrometry for the reduction of cylinder during toric intraocular lens (IOL) placement. SETTING: Bowie Vision Institute, Bowie, Maryland, USA. DESIGN: Prospective randomized case series. METHOD: The patients were divided into 2 groups that had toric IOL implantation after phacoemulsification. The intraoperative computer-assisted registration group (Group 1) had preoperative toric calculations...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503430/long-term-rotational-stability-and-visual-outcomes-of-a-single-piece-hydrophilic-acrylic-toric-iol-a-1-5-year-follow-up
#3
Balázs Gyöngyössy, Paul Jirak, Ulrich Schönherr
AIM: To evaluate the rotational stability and visual outcomes of a single-piece hydrophilic acrylic toric intraocular lenses (IOL) over a 1.5-year follow-up period. Data from the 6-month follow-up study have been previously reported. METHODS: Forty eyes of 26 cataract patients (mean age: 72.8±7.9y) with pre-existing corneal astigmatism of 1.0 to 2.6 D were enrolled in the study. Mean axial length was 23.17±0.88 mm. Main outcome measures after implantation of the Torica-aA IOL (HumanOptics) were IOL rotational stability, subjective refraction, astigmatism correction, uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuity (UDVA, CDVA)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501444/modern-scleral-lenses-mini-versus-large
#4
REVIEW
Daddi Fadel
The evolution of scleral lenses has led to new formulations of scleral fitting concepts and designs. The diameters of modern scleral lenses have been overhauled too and they are smaller comparing to the original ones. Nowadays, prescription of mini-sclerals supposedly seems in major extension and it appears indeed the necessity of some practitioner to differentiate the smaller mini-scleral lenses from larger mini-scleral lenses empathizing that they are the "smaller" ones. Therefore, it is maybe, necessary a definition of mini-scleral lenses referring to the landing zone width in relation to the horizontal visible iris diameter (HVID) and the limbus extension...
May 10, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495399/evaluation-of-toll-like-receptor-gene-family-variants-as-prognostic-biomarkers-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Silvia Torices, Lorena Alvarez-Rodríguez, Ignacio Varela, Pedro Muñoz, Alejandro Balsa, M López-Hoyos, Víctor Martinez-Taboada, Jose L Fernández-Luna
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease whose main feature is persistent joint inflammation. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play critical roles in the activation of innate and adaptive immune responses, and influence the activity of NFκB, a key player in chronic inflammation. We aimed at investigating the association of TLR allelic variants with susceptibility and severity of RA through a systematic, high-throughput, analysis of TLR genes. All coding exons and flanking regions of nine members of the TLR family (TLR1-9) were analyzed in 66 patients with RA and 30 healthy controls by next generation sequencing...
May 7, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463890/estimating-total-corneal-astigmatism-from-anterior-corneal-data
#6
Kristian Næser, Giacomo Savini, Jesper Flethøj Bregnhøj
PURPOSE: To determine keratometric astigmatism (KA), posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA), and total corneal astigmatism (TCA) in 951 normal eyes, to establish a model for estimating TCA from anterior corneal data, and to test this method in a new group of eyes with toric intraocular lenses (TIOLs). METHODS: We used a Pentacam HR (high-resolution) Scheimpflug camera to determine KA, PCA, and TCA in 951 normal eyes. A model to estimate TCA from anterior corneal data was evaluated by the difference (=error) between the measured TCA and the estimated value...
May 1, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457282/outcomes-after-implantable-collamer-lens-surgery-in-a-canadian-cohort
#7
Aaron T Chan, Noa A Zauberman, Clara C Chan, David S Rootman
OBJECTIVE: To describe refractive outcomes and complications after implantable collamer lens (ICL) implantation. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: A database search of ICL surgeries over a 5-year period (2009-2013) was conducted, and 83 eyes of 44 patients were included. The Visian ICL (STAAR Surgical, Monrovia, Calif.) was used in all eyes. The primary outcome measure was postoperative uncorrected distance acuity (UCDA)...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456547/visual-outcomes-following-bilateral-lmplantation-of-two-diffractive-trifocal-iols-in-10-084-eyes
#8
Rafael Bilbao-Calabuig, Andrea Llovet-Rausell, Julio Ortega-Usobiaga, Mercedes Martínez-Del-Pozo, Fernando Mayordomo-Cerdá, Celia Segura-Albentosa, Julio Baviera, Fernando Llovet-Osuna
PURPOSE: To investigate refractive and visual acuity outcomes, patient satisfaction and spectacle independence at three months of two diffractive (non-toric) trifocal IOLs in a large series of patients. DESIGN: Multicenter, retrospective, non-randomized clinical study. METHODS: Patients underwent lens phacoemulsification and were implanted bilaterally with a diffractive trifocal IOL: FineVision MicroF or AT Lisa tri 839MP. Surgeries were performed between 2011 and 2015 with at least 3 months of follow-up...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444524/in-vitro-optical-quality-of-monofocal-aspheric-toric-intraocular-lenses-effect-of-cylindrical-power
#9
Teresa Ferrer-Blasco, Alberto Domínguez-Vicent, Santiago García-Lázaro, María Amparo Diez, José F Alfonso, José J Esteve-Taboada
PURPOSE: To assess the in vitro optical quality of monofocal aspheric toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) as a function of the cylindrical power. METHODS: The in vitro optical quality of the AcrySof IQ Toric IOLs SN6AT2, SN6AT3, SN6AT4, SN6AT5 and SN6AT6 (Alcon Laboratories Inc., Forth Worth, TX, USA) was assessed with an instrument conceived for measuring Zernike's coefficients at 3.0- and 5.0-mm apertures. As a reference, the aspheric monofocal lens AcrySof IQ Aspheric SN60WF (Alcon Laboratories Inc...
April 25, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419129/factors-related-to-axial-length-elongation-and-myopia-progression-in-orthokeratology-practice
#10
Bingjie Wang, Rajeev K Naidu, Xiaomei Qu
PURPOSE: To investigate which baseline factors are predictive for axial length growth over an average period of 2.5 years in a group of children wearing orthokeratology (OK) contact lenses. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the clinical records of 249 new OK wearers between January 2012 and December 2013 from the contact lens clinic at the Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University were reviewed. The primary outcome measure was axial length change from baseline to the time of review (July-August 2015)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412800/-visual-quality-comparison-after-multifocal-toric-intraocular-lens-or-monofocal-toric-intraocular-lens-implantation
#11
K Feng, H K Guo, Y L Zhang, Z Wu
Objective: To compare visual quality and satisfaction after multifocal toric intraocular lens (Acrysof IQ Restor toric, ART) and monofocal toric intraocular lens implantation in patients. Methods: It was a prospective nonrandomized Phase Ⅲ clinical trial. Patients with age-related cataract and corneal astigmatism were enrolled and accepted phacoemulsification combined with implantation of intraocular lens (IOL) in Henan Provincial Eye Hospital during March 2013 to December 2014. Fifty-six cases were divided into two groups according to which IOL they chose...
April 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410715/comparison-of-astigmatic-prediction-errors-associated-with-new-calculation-methods-for-toric-intraocular-lenses
#12
Tiago B Ferreira, Paulo Ribeiro, Filomena J Ribeiro, João G O'Neill
PURPOSE: To compare the prediction errors in residual astigmatism associated with new calculation methods for toric intraocular lenses (IOLs). SETTING: Hospital da Luz, Lisbon, Portugal. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: In eyes having cataract surgery with toric IOL implantation (Acrysof IQ), the predicted residual astigmatism by each calculation method was compared with the manifest refractive astigmatism...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399068/descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-and-refractive-surgery
#13
C Maya Tong, Lamis Baydoun, Gerrit R J Melles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) has become a first-line treatment in corneal endothelial diseases because of its exceptional clinical outcomes and low complication rates. Because of its improved refractive predictability, DMEK is now also considered for managing cases with endothelial decompensation following previous refractive procedures, or in combination with those. This article reviews the clinical outcomes in these cases and discusses the possibility of refractive interventions following DMEK...
April 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380650/-evaluation-of-postoperative-astigmatism-correction-and-postoperative-rotational-stability-of-two-toric-intraocular-lenses
#14
M Grohlich, K Miháltz, M Lasta, B Weingessel, V Vécsei-Marlovits
Background The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the rotational stability and the refractive outcome of two different toric IOLs. Methods This study included 41 eyes with corneal astigmatism greater than 1.5 diopters (D). All patients underwent surgery in the Department of Ophthalmology at Hietzing Hospital between 2010 and 2013. The study lenses were the Alcon AcrySof IQ Toric IOL and the Abbott Tecnis Toric Aspheric IOL. Measurements of corneal topography and aberrations were performed with the HOYA iTrace™...
April 5, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380649/-clinical-comparison-of-a-trifocal-and-a-trifocal-toric-intraocular-lens-based-on-the-same-diffractive-platform
#15
M Gerl, D R H Breyer, P Hagen, M J Koss, M Mueller, M Al Saad, R H Gerl, H Kaymak, K Klabe, F T A Kretz
Purpose To evaluate and compare the visual performance of a trifocal and a trifocal-toric intraocular lens (IOL) based on the same diffractive platform. Methods Prospective non-randomized comparative study enrolling 142 eyes of 77 patients (age 40-73 years) undergoing uneventful phacoemulsification lens surgery. Two groups were differentiated according to the implanted IOL: trifocal group, 98 eyes (50 patients) implanted with the trifocal diffractive IOL AT LISA tri 839MP (Carl Zeiss Meditec), and trifocal-toric group, 44 eyes (27 patients) implanted with the trifocal-toric diffractive IOL AT LISA trifocal-toric 939MP (Carl Zeiss Meditec)...
April 5, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366378/postoperative-rotation-of-supplementary-sulcus-supported-toric-intraocular-lenses
#16
Jay J Meyer, Bia Z Kim, Mohammed Ziaei, Charles N J McGhee
We describe 7 cases in which supplementary sulcus-based toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) rotated postoperatively, requiring surgical realignment. The initial rotation was identified clinically between 3 months and 36 months postoperatively. All eyes had keratoconus, with and without prior keratoplasty, and 6 had longer than average axial lengths. No preceding trauma could be identified for 5 of the eyes. One eye had 3 episodes of postoperative IOL rotation, eventually requiring suture fixation to stabilize the IOL...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366359/simple-steep-axis-marking-technique-using-a-corneal-analyzer
#17
Alex L K Ng, Tommy C Y Chan, Vishal Jhanji, George P M Cheng
We describe a simple steep-axis marking technique that uses a corneal analyzer (OPD III scan) during arcuate keratotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. The technique requires a single reference mark at the limbus, which does not have to be on the horizontal axis. Using the corneal analyzer, the angle between the steep axis and the reference line between the reference mark and the center of the cornea can be determined. The angle from the reference mark is used intraoperatively to locate the steep axis...
February 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336224/surface-coverage-with-single-vs-multiple-gaze-surface-topography-to-fit-scleral-lenses
#18
Gregory DeNaeyer, Donald R Sanders, Timothy S Farajian
OBJECTIVES: To determine surface coverage of measurements using the sMap3D(®) corneo-scleral topographer in patients presenting for scleral lens fitting. METHODS: Twenty-five eyes of 23 scleral lens patients were examined. Up-gaze, straight-gaze, and down-gaze positions of each eye were "stitched" into a single map. The percentage surface coverage between 10mm and 20mm diameter circles from corneal center was compared between the straight-gaze and stitched images...
March 20, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328814/clinical-outcomes-of-new-toric-trifocal-diffractive-intraocular-lens-in-patients-with-cataract-and-stable-keratoconus-six-months-follow-up
#19
Doroodgar Farideh, Sanginabadi Azad, Niazi Feizollah, Niazi Sana, Alinia Cyrus, Ghoreishi Mohammad, Baradaran-Rafii Alireza
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical results of toric trifocal diffractive intraocular lens in eyes with cataract and mild keratoconus. METHODS: Five keratoconus patients (10 eyes) that had bilateral AT LISA 939 implantation were selected and had followed in 3-time horizons of 1, 3, and 6 months. Patients were 46 to 65 years old age, corneal astigmatism of (2.00 D at 6.75 D) and cataract that all of them needed cataract surgery. The distance, intermediate and near visual acuities, defocus curve, ocular aberrations, contrast sensitivity, were measured as effectiveness criteria...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303636/variation-in-seed-packaging-of-a-fleshy-fruited-conifer-provides-insights-into-the-ecology-and-evolution-of-multi-seeded-fruits
#20
L DeSoto, R Torices, S Rodríguez-Echeverría, C Nabais
The study of intraspecific seed packaging (i.e. seed size/number strategy) variation across different populations may allow better understanding of the ecological forces that drive seed evolution in plants. Juniperus thurifera (Cupressaceae) provides a good model to study this due to the existence of two subspecies differentiated by phenotypic traits, such as seed size and cone seediness (number of seeds inside a cone), across its range. The aim of this study was to analyse seed packaging (seed mass and cone seediness) variation at different scales (subspecies, populations and individuals) and the relationship between cone and seed traits in European and African J...
March 17, 2017: Plant Biology
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