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electrical injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537540/-e-bikers-are-more-often-seriously-injured-in-bicycle-accidents-results-from-the-groningen-bicycle-accident-database
#1
H P A M Poos, T L Lefarth, J S Harbers, K W Wendt, M El Moumni, I H F Reininga
OBJECTIVE: Analysing injury types, injury severity and mortality in victims of accidents with electric bicycles in comparison with conventional bicycles. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHOD: Data of patients treated at the Accident & Emergency Department of the University Medical Center Groningen after a bicycle accident are being entered in a database since 2014. We have analysed this database for accidents with electric bicycles (e-bikes) and conventional bicycles occurring among adult patients for the period of July 2014 to May 2016...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537354/the-use-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Deepak Ramanathan, Anas Saleh, Alison K Klika, Carlos A Higuera, Wael K Barsoum
INTRODUCTION: Multimodal pain management is used after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to reduce opioid intake. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has generated much interest as a non-pharmacologic, patient-controlled therapy. The aims of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of TENS in reducing opioid intake and improving recovery after TKA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, parallel-group, double-blinded, randomized trial of patients receiving femoral nerve catheter block with allocation to either active or placebo TENS device groups...
May 24, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537343/practice-patterns-for-spasticity-management-with-phenol-neurolysis
#3
Jay Karri, Manuel F Mas, Gerard E Francisco, Sheng Li
OBJECTIVE: To present practice patterns for phenol neurolysis procedures conducted for spasticity management. DESIGN: A retrospective review of 185 persons with spasticity who underwent phenol neurolysis procedures (n = 293) at an academic rehabilitation hospital and clinic. Patient demographics, concomitant spasticity treatments, and procedure relevant information were collected. RESULTS: The cohort included 71.9% males and 61.6% inpatient procedures...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535788/endexpiratory-lung-volume-measurement-correlates-with-the-ventilation-perfusion-mismatch-in-lung-injured-pigs
#4
Jens Kamuf, Andreas Garcia-Bardon, Bastian Duenges, Tanghua Liu, Antje Jahn-Eimermacher, Florian Heid, Matthias David, Erik K Hartmann
BACKGROUND: In acute respiratory respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) a sustained mismatch of alveolar ventilation and perfusion (VA/Q) impairs the pulmonary gas exchange. Measurement of endexpiratory lung volume (EELV) by multiple breath-nitrogen washout/washin is a non-invasive, bedside technology to assess pulmonary function in mechanically ventilated patients. The present study examines the association between EELV changes and VA/Q distribution and the possibility to predict VA/Q normalization by means of EELV in a porcine model...
May 23, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533933/negative-wound-pressure-therapy-is-safe-and-useful-in-pediatric-burn-patients
#5
Yanhan Ren, Philip Chang, Robert L Sheridan
INTRODUCTION: Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) has proven to be a powerful tool in facilitating healing of difficult wounds of a variety of etiologies. The pediatric experience with NPWT has been limited due to concerns about vascular compression and pain associated with treatment. METHOD: A retrospective review was performed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of NPWT on children with difficult wounds due to burns or soft-tissue trauma. NPWT was instituted in the operating room under general anesthesia using a commercially available system...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532008/biomaterials-and-cells-for-neural-tissue-engineering-current-choices
#6
REVIEW
Prerana Sensharma, G Madhumathi, Rahul D Jayant, Amit K Jaiswal
The treatment of nerve injuries has taken a new dimension with the development of tissue engineering techniques. Prior to tissue engineering, suturing and surgery were the only options for effective treatment. With the advent of tissue engineering, it is now possible to design a scaffold that matches the exact biological and mechanical properties of the tissue. This has led to substantial reduction in the complications posed by surgeries and suturing to the patients. New synthetic and natural polymers are being applied to test their efficiency in generating an ideal scaffold...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530209/reproducible-3d-printed-head-tanks-for-electrical-impedance-tomography-with-realistic-shape-and-conductivity-distribution
#7
James Avery, Kirill Aristovich, Barney Low, David Holder
OBJECTIVE: Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) has many promising applications in brain injury monitoring. To evaluate both instrumentation and reconstruction algorithms, experiments are first performed in head tanks. Existing methods, whilst accurate, produce a discontinuous conductivity, and are often made by hand, making it hard for other researchers to replicate. APPROACH: We have developed a method for constructing head tanks directly in a 3D printer. Conductivity was controlled through perforations in the skull surface, which allow for saline to pass through...
May 22, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528309/maintenance-of-claudin-3-expression-and-the-barrier-functions-of-intercellular-junctions-in-parotid-acinar-cells-via-the-inhibition-of-src-signaling
#8
Megumi Yokoyama, Takanori Narita, Hajime Sakurai, Osamu Katsumata-Kato, Hiroshi Sugiya, Junko Fujita-Yoshigaki
OBJECTIVES: Salivary acinar and duct cells show different expression patterns of claudins, which may reflect their different functions. To study the role of claudins in saliva secretion, we examined alterations in the expression patterns of cell adhesion molecules in parotid glands of γ-irradiated rats and analyzed the influence of those changes on intercellular barrier function using primary cultures of parotid acinar cells. DESIGN: Rats were γ-irradiated with doses of 5, 15 or 20Gy, and expression levels of cell adhesion molecules were examined by immunoblotting analysis...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526124/is-the-routine-use-of-a-functional-electrical-stimulation-cycle-for-lower-limb-movement-standard-of-care-for-acute-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation
#9
EDITORIAL
Argyrios Stampas, Henry S York, Michael W O'Dell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524753/continuous-mapping-of-the-corticospinal-tracts-in-intramedullary-spinal-cord-tumor-surgery-using-an-electrified-ultrasonic-aspirator
#10
Ori Barzilai, Zvi Lidar, Shlomi Constantini, Khalil Salame, Yifat Bitan-Talmor, Akiva Korn
Intramedullary spinal cord tumors (IMSCTs) represent a rare entity, accounting for 4%-10% of all central nervous system tumors. Microsurgical resection of IMSCTs is currently considered the primary treatment modality. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) has been shown to aid in maximizing tumor resection and minimizing neurological morbidity, consequently improving patient outcome. The gold standard for IONM to date is multimodality monitoring, consisting of both somatosensory evoked potentials, as well as muscle-based transcranial electric motor evoked potentials (tcMEPs)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516353/physical-hazard-safety-awareness-among-healthcare-workers-in-tanta-university-hospitals-egypt
#11
Rania M El-Sallamy, Ibrahim Ali Kabbash, Sanaa Abd El-Fatah, Asmaa El-Feky
Hospital workers are exposed to many occupational hazards that may threaten their health and safety. Physical hazards encountered in hospital working environment include temperature, illumination, noise, electrical injuries, and radiation. To assess the awareness of healthcare workers (HCWs) about physical hazards in Tanta university hospitals, this cross-sectional study included 401 HCWs (physicians, nurses, technicians, and workers) from seven departments (general surgery, orthopedics, radiology, ophthalmology, kitchen, incinerator, and laundry)...
May 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511872/impairment-of-tear-film-and-the-ocular-surface-in-patients-with-facial-burns
#12
Sang Ouk Choi, Tae-Young Chung, Young Joo Shin
AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the factors affecting tear film and ocular surface in patients with facial burns. METHODS: A total of 273 patients with facial burns, treated at Hallym University Hangang Sacred Heart Hospital from November 2012 to July 2015, were included. Tear break-up time (TBUT), Schirmer's tear secretion test, fluorescein staining score (FSS), ocular surface disease index (OSDI), and visual analogue pain score (VAS) were compared according to burned surface area, burn site, burn cause, time since burn injury, or lid abnormality...
May 13, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510466/empirical-bayesian-geographical-mapping-of-occupational-accidents-among-iranian-workers
#13
Nasim Vahabi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Somnath Datta
BACKGROUND: Work-related accidents are believed to be a serious preventable cause of mortality and disability worldwide. This study aimed to provide Bayesian geographical maps of occupational injury rates among workers insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization. METHODS: The participants included all insured workers in the Iranian Social Security Organization database in 2012. One of the applications of the Bayesian approach called the Poisson-Gamma model was applied to estimate the relative risk of occupational accidents...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503467/medial-lemniscus-tract-lesion-after-high-voltage-electrical-injury-a-case-report
#14
Chul-Hyun Cho, Dong Gyu Lee
We present the case of a 33-year-old man who experienced a 10,000-V electrical shock when working with electrical wiring. He suffered third-degree burns on his scalp at the right occiput (entry wound) and on his left arm (exit would), and a second-degree burn on his left foot (exit wound). He presented with severe spasticity of both lower extremities, motor weakness with a Medical Research Council grade of 3, and sensory impairments below thoracic level 11 that included an inability to sense light touch and defects in proprioception...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500566/an-update-on-addressing-important-peripheral-nerve-problems-challenges-and-potential-solutions
#15
Wilson Z Ray, Mark A Mahan, Danzhu Guo, Danqing Guo, Michel Kliot
From time to time it is thoughtful and productive to review a medical field and reflect upon what are the major issues that need to be addressed and what is being done to do so. This review article is not meant to be all-inclusive but rather focuses on four evolving areas in the field of peripheral nerve disorders and treatments: (1) nerve surgery under ultrasound guidance using a new ultra-minimally invasive thread technique; (2) evolving magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound imaging techniques that are helping to both diagnose and treat a variety of peripheral nerve problems including entrapment neuropathies, traumatic nerve injuries, and masses arising from nerves; (3) promoting recovery after nerve injury using electrical stimulation; and (4) developing animal models to reproduce a severe nerve injury (neurotmetic grade in continuity) that requires a surgical intervention and repair...
May 12, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500007/a-wearable-multi-site-system-for-nmes-based-hand-function-restoration
#16
Andrea Crema, Nebojsa Malesevic, Ivan Furfaro, Flavio Raschella, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Silvestro Micera
Reaching and grasping impairments significantly affect the quality of life for people who have experienced a stroke or spinal cord injury (SCI). The long-term well-being of patients varies greatly according to the restorable residual capabilities. Electrical stimulation could be a promising solution to restore motor functions in these conditions, but its use is not clinically widespread.
May 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498625/biomechanics-of-the-human-uterus
#17
REVIEW
Kristin M Myers, David Elad
The appropriate biomechanical function of the uterus is required for the execution of human reproduction. These functions range from aiding the transport of the embryo to the implantation site, to remodeling its tissue walls to host the placenta, to protecting the fetus during gestation, to contracting forcefully for a safe parturition and postpartum, to remodeling back to its nonpregnant condition to renew the cycle of menstruation. To serve these remarkably diverse functions, the uterus is optimally geared with evolving and contractile muscle and tissue layers that are cued by chemical, hormonal, electrical, and mechanical signals...
May 12, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497215/evidence-based-prevention-and-treatment-of-osteoporosis-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Saeed Soleyman-Jahi, Ali Yousefian, Radin Maheronnaghsh, Farhad Shokraneh, Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Akbar Soltani, Seyed Mostafa Hosseini, Alexander R Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
PURPOSE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in accelerated bone mineral density (BMD) loss and disorganization of trabecular bone architecture. The mechanisms underlying post-SCI osteoporosis are complex and different from other types of osteoporosis. Findings of studies investigating efficacy of pharmacological or rehabilitative interventions in SCI-related osteoporosis are controversial. The aim of this study was to review the literature pertaining to prevention and evidence-based treatments of SCI-related osteoporosis...
May 11, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494507/subepidermal-moisture-detection-of-pressure-induced-tissue-damage-on-the-trunk-the-pressure-ulcer-detection-pud-study-outcomes
#19
Barbara M Bates-Jensen, Heather E McCreath, Anabel Patlan
We examined the relationship between subepidermal moisture measured using surface electrical capacitance and visual skin assessment of pressure ulcers at the trunk location (sacral, ischial tuberosities) in 417 nursing home residents residing in 19 facilities. Participants were on average older (mean age of 77 years), 58% were female, over half were ethnic minorities (29% African American, 12% Asian American, and 21% Hispanic), and at risk for pressure ulcers (mean score for Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk of 15...
May 11, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490655/practice-guideline-summary-reducing-brain-injury-following-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#20
Romergryko G Geocadin, Eelco Wijdicks, Melissa J Armstrong, Maxwell Damian, Stephan A Mayer, Joseph P Ornato, Alejandro Rabinstein, José I Suarez, Michel T Torbey, Richard M Dubinsky, Jason Lazarou
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence and make evidence-based recommendations for acute interventions to reduce brain injury in adult patients who are comatose after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation. METHODS: Published literature from 1966 to August 29, 2016, was reviewed with evidence-based classification of relevant articles. RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: For patients who are comatose in whom the initial cardiac rhythm is either pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), therapeutic hypothermia (TH; 32-34°C for 24 hours) is highly likely to be effective in improving functional neurologic outcome and survival compared with non-TH and should be offered (Level A)...
May 10, 2017: Neurology
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