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Epithelial mesenchymal transformation

Hong Qi, Aiping Li
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of JWA knockout (JWA-/- ) on malignant transformation of murine embryonic fibroblast (MEF) cells using a conditional JWA-/- mouse model. Once MEF cells were prepared, the potential role of JWA-/- on proliferation, migration, invasion and colony formation of MEF cells was investigated by cytological examination. The effects of JWA-/- on the regulation and protein expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins in MEF cells, including poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), vimentin, β-catenin and E-cadherin, were investigated using western blot analysis...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Yu Wu, Ze-Yang Ding, Guan-Nan Jin, Yi-Xiao Xiong, Bin Yu, Yi-Min Sun, Wei Wang, Hui-Fang Liang, Bixiang Zhang, Xiao-Ping Chen
Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are a subpopulation of cells which was usually expanded in chronic liver injury and are contributed to liver regeneration through differentiating into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is a dynamic process which is important for the progression of liver fibrosis and cancer initiation. This study demonstrated that LE/6 and WB-F344 cells, both of which were HPC derived cell lines, were undergoing partial epithelial-mesenchymal transition states, which was indicated by the co-expression of epithelial markers (E-cadherin and zona occludin 1), and mesenchymal markers (vimentin, fibronectin, collagen 1and α-SMA)...
March 12, 2018: Biochimie
Liang Liang, Ming Zeng, Haixia Pan, Hao Liu, Yangke He
Previous studies have demonstrated that nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) is aberrantly expressed in a number of tumors. In the present study, it was demonstrated that the gene and protein levels of NNMT were significantly increased in gastric cancer cells. Furthermore, upregulation of NNMT significantly increased the expression of mesenchymal markers, including α-smooth muscle actin (SMA), vimentin and fibronectin, but decreased the levels of epithelial cadherin. Since transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 may serve a key function in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), the effects of NNMT on the expression of TGF-β1 were investigated in BGC-823 cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Sheng Liu, Josephine Iaria, Richard J Simpson, Hong-Jian Zhu
BACKGROUND: Transformation by oncogene Ras overcomes TGF-β mediated growth inhibition in epithelial cells. However, it cooperates with each other to mediate epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). The mechanism of how these two pathways interact with each other is controversial. METHODS: Molecular techniques were used to engineer expression plasmids for Ras, SPRY, TGF-β receptors, type I and II and ubiquitin. Immunoprecipitation and western blots were employed to determine protein-protein interactions, preotein levels, protein phosphorylation while immunofluorecesent staining for molecular co-localization...
March 13, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Karan Lal, Travis J Morrell, Michael Cunningham, Patrick OʼDonnell, Nikki A Levin, Kristine M Cornejo
Cutaneous mixed tumor (chondroid syringoma) is the cutaneous counterpart of pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands, comprised of both epithelial and mesenchymal components. Malignant transformation is exceptionally rare, with only a few cases reported. We report a case of a malignant cutaneous mixed tumor in an 86-year-old white man who presented with a pink indurated plaque on his left scapula. He had a history of nonmelanoma skin cancers, a stage IB malignant melanoma of a lower extremity and Gleason 4 + 3 prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy, external beam irradiation, and bicalutamide...
March 6, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Ya-Kun Li, Dong-Xia Ma, Zhi-Min Wang, Xiao-Fan Hu, Shang-Lin Li, Hong-Zhe Tian, Meng-Jun Wang, Yan-Wen Shu, Jun Yang
Renal fibrosis is recognized as the common route of all chronic kidney disease (CKD) progressing to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Additionally, accumulating evidence suggests that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a significant role in the process of renal fibrogenesis. Liraglutide is a long-acting glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analog that has been widely used to treat type 2 diabetes. Recent studies have demonstrated that the GLP-1 analogs could also exert protective effects in cardiac fibrosis models...
March 9, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Xiao Fu, Mengjie Liu, Shengyang Qu, Jiequn Ma, Yamin Zhang, Tingting Shi, Hongqing Wen, Yujuan Yang, Shuhong Wang, Jing Wang, Kejun Nan, Yu Yao, Tao Tian
BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistance is the main obstacle for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment. miR-32-5p is involved in HCC progression but its function in multidrug resistance is still unclear. Here we aim to find out the function of miR-32-5p in inducing multidrug resistance and its underlying mechanisms of transforming sensitive cell to resistant cell. METHODS: We detected the expression of miR-32-5p and PTEN in the multidrug-resistant cell line (Bel/5-FU) and the sensitive cell line (Bel7402), HCC and para-carcinoma liver tissues through real-time PCR...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Simona Sterbova, Terese Karlsson, Emma Persson
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men in Western countries. Chronic inflammation in the prostate, regulated by a complex network of factors including inflammatory cytokines, is one of the established risk factors for development of prostate cancer. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a well-known promoter of inflammation-induced carcinogenesis and disease progression in prostate cancer. Presence in the prostate and possible roles in tumor development by other members of the IL-6 family of cytokines have, however, been less studied...
March 8, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
J S Lawson, H M Syme, C P D Wheeler-Jones, J Elliott
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common in geriatric cats, and the most prevalent pathology is chronic tubulointerstitial inflammation and fibrosis. The cell type predominantly responsible for the production of extra-cellular matrix in renal fibrosis is the myofibroblast, and fibroblast to myofibroblast differentiation is probably a crucial event. The cytokine TGF-β1 is reportedly the most important regulator of myofibroblastic differentiation in other species. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterise renal fibroblasts from cadaverous kidney tissue of cats with and without CKD, and to investigate the transcriptional response to TGF-β1...
March 9, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Zengli Zhang, Hanyi Jiang, Yongsheng Wang, Minhua Shi
Background: Due to high metastasis and recurrence rate. Recent studies indicated that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was involved in the progression and metastasis in cancer. Some reports also indicate that HS3ST3B1 played a role in angiogenesis and the proliferation of cancer cells. In this study, we aim to investigate its role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) . Materials and Methods: All cell lines were purchased from ATCC and cultured in our central lab...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Alessandro Poggi, Serena Varesano, Maria Raffaella Zocchi
Experimental evidence indicates that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) may regulate tumor microenvironment (TME). It is conceivable that the interaction with MSC can influence neoplastic cell functional behavior, remodeling TME and generating a tumor cell niche that supports tissue neovascularization, tumor invasion and metastasization. In addition, MSC can release transforming growth factor-beta that is involved in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of carcinoma cells; this transition is essential to give rise to aggressive tumor cells and favor cancer progression...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Xiu-Hua Yang, Feng Guo
The incidence of vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) has increased annually over the last decade. MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) serve an important role in tumor progression and development. Our previous microarray studies have revealed that miR‑3147 was overexpressed in VSCC. However, its function and underlying mechanism in VSCC remain unknown. In the present study, it was confirmed by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction that the expression of miR‑3147 was markedly upregulated in VSCC tissues...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yue Yu, Wei Luo, Zheng-Jun Yang, Jiang-Rui Chi, Yun-Rui Li, Yu Ding, Jie Ge, Xin Wang, Xu-Chen Cao
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women worldwide and metastasis is the leading cause of death among patients with breast cancer. The transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) pathway plays critical roles during breast cancer epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis. SMAD2, a positive regulator of TGF-β signaling, promotes breast cancer metastasis through induction of EMT. METHODS: The expression of miR-190 and SMAD2 in breast cancer tissues, adjacent normal breast tissues and cell lines were determined by RT-qPCR...
March 6, 2018: Molecular Cancer
T-J Liu, J-L Guo, H-K Wang, X Xu
OBJECTIVE: Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) is the most frequently encountered malignant epithelial tumors. Semaphorin-7A is a membrane-associated/secreted protein that plays an essential role in the migration and progression of human malignancies. We aimed to investigate the mechanisms of Semaphorin-7A in the growth and migration of OTSCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expressions of Semaphorin-7A in cells were tested by RT-PCR, Western blot, and Immunofluorescence, separately...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Aude Merdrignac, Gaëlle Angenard, Coralie Allain, Kilian Petitjean, Damien Bergeat, Pascale Bellaud, Allain Fautrel, Bruno Turlin, Bruno Clément, Steven Dooley, Laurent Sulpice, Karim Boudjema, Cédric Coulouarn
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a deadly liver primary cancer associated with poor prognosis and limited therapeutic opportunities. Active transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) signaling is a hallmark of the iCCA microenvironment. However, the impact of TGFβ on the transcriptome of iCCA tumor cells has been poorly investigated. Here, we have identified a specific TGFβ signature of genes commonly deregulated in iCCA cell lines, namely HuCCT1 and Huh28. Novel coding and noncoding TGFβ targets were identified, including a TGFβ-induced long noncoding RNA (TLINC), formerly known as cancer susceptibility candidate 15 (CASC15)...
March 2018: Hepatology Communications
Chang-Guo Wang, Da-Xiong Zeng, Jian-An Huang, Jun-Hong Jiang
RATIONALE: The mechanism of the first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) acquired resistance included T790M mutation, cellular-mesenchymal to epithelial transition factor (MET) or EGFR amplification, PIK3CA mutation, and transformation to small cell lung cancer. MET amplification accounted for only about 5% of the resistance cases. PATIENTS CONCERNS: Few report detected MET amplification in pleural effusion. Here, we reported 2 lung adenocarcinoma cases with MET amplification in pleural effusion rapidly responded to crizotinib after EGFR-TKIs acquired resistance...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yuyang Sun, Anne Schaar, Pramod Sukumaran, Archana Dhasarathy, Brij B Singh
Growth factors, such as the transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ), play an important role in promoting metastasis of prostate cancer, thus understanding how TGFβ could induce prostate cancer cell migration may enable us to develop targeted strategies for advanced metastatic prostate cancer. To more clearly define the mechanism(s) involved in prostate cancer cell migration, we undertook a series of studies utilizing non-malignant prostate epithelial cells RWPE1 and prostate cancer DU145 and PC3 cells. Our studies show that increased cell migration was observed in prostate cancer cells, which was mediated through epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
March 3, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Zhikuan He, Wenxing Dong, Quanying Li, Changjiang Qin, Yongjun Li
Sauchinone, one of the active lignan isolated from the roots of Saururus chinensis, was reported to possess diverse pharmacological properties, such as hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects. However, the possible role of sauchinone in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of sauchinone on the EMT in gastric cancer cells. Our results demonstrated that sauchinone significantly inhibited transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-induced migration and invasion in gastric cancer cells...
February 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Vera S Donnenberg, Jayce Jieming Zhang, Erika Moravcikova, Ernest Michael Meyer, Haihui Lu, Christian T Carson, Albert D Donnenberg
Flow cytometric cell surface proteomics provides a new and powerful tool to determine changes accompanying neoplastic transformation and invasion, providing clues to essential interactions with the microenvironment as well as leads for potential therapeutic targets. One of the most important advantages of flow cytometric cell surface proteomics is that it can be performed on living cells that can be sorted for further characterization and functional studies. Here, we document the surface proteome of clonogenic metastatic breast cancer (MBrCa) explants, which was strikingly similar to that of normal mesenchymal stromal cells (P = 0...
March 2, 2018: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Amélie Osio, Shuo Xu, Morad El Bouchtaoui, Christophe Leboeuf, Guillaume Gapihan, Christine Lemaignan, Guilhem Bousquet, Céleste Lebbé, Anne Janin, Maxime Battistella
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP), amounting to 6% of all soft tissue sarcomas, has a slow growth rate, contrasting with a likelihood for local recurrence and a 10-20% evolution to higher-grade sarcoma, or "transformed DFSP" (DFSP-T). At molecular level, the characteristic COL1A1-PDGFB rearrangement, leading to sustained PDGFR signaling, is not linked to the evolutive potential. Here, we studied EGFR, another tyrosine kinase receptor, using laser-microdissection to select the different histologic components of DFSP (DFSP center, DFSP infiltrative periphery, DFSP-T higher-grade sarcoma), in 22 patients followed over 3 to 156 months...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
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