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pediatric flatfoot

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768332/short-term-effects-of-customized-arch-support-insoles-on-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Ru-Lan Hsieh, Hui-Ling Peng, Wen-Chung Lee
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence is available regarding the effects of insoles on pediatric flexible flatfoot because of the heterogeneity and low methodological quality of previous studies. The purpose of this prospective trial is to examine the short-term effects of customized arch support insoles on symptomatic flexible flatfoot in children by using the International Classification of Functioning, randomized controlled Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: This study was conducted in a rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609996/surgical-management-of-stage-2-adult-and-pediatric-acquired-flatfoot-without-tendon-transfer-or-arthrodesis-a-retrospective-study
#2
Ashim Wadehra, Lawrence M Fallat, Robert Jarski
Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a common pathology of the foot and ankle. Numerous techniques are available to reconstruct the flatfoot. Fusions and tendon transfers are popular methods; however, a wide range of complications have been associated with these procedures. The objective of the present study was to demonstrate the outcomes of reconstructive surgery for flatfoot correction without tendon transfer or arthrodesis. We performed a retrospective study of 43 patients and 56 feet who had undergone flatfoot reconstructive surgery from November 2011 to June 2016, with a mean follow-up period of 60 weeks (range 12 to 60 months)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381041/foot-and-ankle-conditions-pes-planus
#3
Charlie Michaudet, Katherine M Edenfield, Guy W Nicolette, Peter J Carek
Pes planus or pes planovalgus (ie, flatfoot) is a common condition among young children and also is encountered in adults. In children, congenital pes planus typically resolves with age as the foot musculature strengthens. Flexible pes planus is defined as a normal arch during non-weight-bearing activity or tiptoeing, with a flattening arch on standing. In rigid pes planus, the arch remains stiff and collapsed with or without weight bearing. Patients with rigid pes planus should be referred for subspecialist treatment...
February 2018: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232726/-subtalare-screw-arthroereisis-for-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-flexible-pes-planovalgus
#4
Dariusch Arbab, Daniel Frank, Bertil Bouillon, Christian Lüring, Carsten Wingenfeld, Mona Abbara-Czardybon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the functional outcomes and radiographic results of the talus-stop screw method as minimally invasive subtalar arthroereisis in pediatric and juvenile flexible flatfoot. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 73 feet from 41 children using the talus stop-screw method, for the period between 2002 and 2011. The age at time of surgery ranged between nine and 14 years. The radiological assessment included measuring the calcaneal pitch, talar declination, talo-first metatarsal angle (Meary) and calcaneal-first metatarsal angle (Costa-Bartani) in the lateral view...
February 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779814/pediatric-flatfoot-pearls-and-pitfalls
#5
REVIEW
Samuel E Ford, Brian P Scannell
Pediatric flatfeet are common, are usually asymptomatic, and typically improve over time as young children age. It is critical to differentiate flexible from rigid flatfeet and to assess for associated Achilles contracture with a careful history, physical examination, and initial radiographs. Although there are limited data, nonsurgical management of symptomatic flatfeet, both flexible and rigid, should be exhausted before considering surgical intervention. If patients fail conservative treatment, surgical management with joint-preserving, deformity-corrective techniques is typically used for pediatric flexible flatfeet in conjunction with deformity-specific soft tissue procedures...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717988/bioabsorbable-implants-for-subtalar-arthroereisis-in-pediatric-flatfoot
#6
REVIEW
C Faldini, A Mazzotti, A Panciera, F Perna, N Stefanini, S Giannini
Flatfoot is a common condition in growing-age patients. Despite its common presentation, nowadays surgical indications and treatments are still debated. Arthroereisis is a widely used technique, and several implants designs have been proposed over time. Despite the good results shown in the literature, the main drawback of these techniques has always been the need for a second surgery for implant removal. Bioabsorbable devices have been introduced to overcome this necessity.Correct approach to the patient, indications and contraindications and available studies on bioabsorbable implants for subtalar arthroereisis in pediatric flatfoot were analyzed in this narrative review...
July 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633776/bioabsorbable-calcaneo-stop-implant-for-the-treatment-of-flexible-flatfoot-a-retrospective-cohort-study-at-a-minimum-follow-up-of-4%C3%A2-years
#7
Sandro Giannini, Matteo Cadossi, Antonio Mazzotti, Valentina Persiani, Giuseppe Tedesco, Matteo Romagnoli, Cesare Faldini
Arthroereisis of the subtalar joint is a common surgical technique in Europe for the management of flexible flatfoot in the pediatric population. In most cases, it is performed using a calcaneo-stop metallic screw. Despite the good clinical results, screw removal is always advised after 2 to 3 years. The use of a bioabsorbable screw might overcome the need for a second operation to remove a nonabsorbable device. We report the results of a biodegradable calcaneo-stop screw at a minimum of 4 years of follow-up...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384608/segmental-kinematic-analysis-of-planovalgus-feet-during-walking-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#8
Karen M Kruger, Katherine A Konop, Joseph J Krzak, Adam Graf, Haluk Altiok, Peter A Smith, Gerald F Harris
Pes planovalgus (flatfoot) is a common deformity among children with cerebral palsy. The Milwaukee Foot Model (MFM), a multi-segmental kinematic foot model, which uses radiography to align the underlying bony anatomy with reflective surface markers, was used to evaluate 20 pediatric participants (30feet) with planovalgus secondary to cerebral palsy prior to surgery. Three-dimensional kinematics of the tibia, hindfoot, forefoot, and hallux segments are reported and compared to an age-matched control set of typically-developing children...
May 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271087/comparison-of-pediatric-and-general-orthopedic-surgeons-approaches-in-management-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-and-flexible-flatfoot-the-road-to-clinical-consensus
#9
Ramin Haj Zargarbashi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Taghi Baghdadi, Mohammad Hossein Nabian, Mehdi Ramezan Shirazi
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and flatfoot are common pediatric orthopedic disorders, being referred to and managed by both general and pediatric orthopedic surgeons, through various modalities. Our study aimed to evaluate their consensus and perspective disagreements in terms of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches of the mentioned deformities. Forty participants in two groups of general orthopedic surgeons (GOS) (n=20) and pediatric orthopedic surgeons (POS) (n=20), were asked to answer an 8-item questionnaire on DDH and flexible flatfoot...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263247/return-to-sport-activities-after-subtalar-arthroereisis-for-correction-of-pediatric-flexible-flatfoot
#10
Nicolò Martinelli, Alberto Bianchi, Polina Martinkevich, Elena Sartorelli, Giovanni Romeo, Carlo Bonifacini, Francesco Malerba
The aim of this study was to establish whether children treated with subtalar arthroereisis for flexible flatfoot were able to return to sport activities. We reviewed 49 patients with a mean age at the time of surgery of 10.7 years. The type of sport activities, the number of sessions per week, the time dedicated to each session, and the level achieved were assessed preoperatively and at the last follow-up. Overall, 45 patients returned to sports after surgery. Surgery did not alter the duration, frequency, and type of sporting activities, but the participation in physical activities as well as the emotional status and footwear issues improved...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442217/an-analysis-of-relative-gait-impairment-in-commonly-diagnosed-pediatric-conditions
#11
Jody Litrenta, George Gorton, Bhavna Ahuja, Peter Masso, David Drvaric
BACKGROUND: Gait indices were developed to represent the magnitude of impairment extracted from a gait analysis with a single value. The Gillette Gait Index (GGI), and the Gait Deviation Index (GDI) are 2 widely used indices that represent gait impairment differently based on their statistical properties. Our purpose was to (1) report on the results of gait analysis for a broad spectrum of pediatric conditions using the GGI and GDI, and (2) identify the parameters that dominate impairment...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212230/do-corrective-shoes-improve-the-development-of-the-medial-longitudinal-arch-in-children-with-flexible-flat-feet
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ulunay Kanatlı, Erdem Aktas, Haluk Yetkin
BACKGROUND: Flexible flatfoot, as the most prevalent foot deformity in pediatric population still has no standardized strategy for its management hence some orthopedic surgeons have the tendency to use orthotic devices. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether orthotic shoes effect the natural course of the developing medial longitudinal arch in children diagnosed with moderate flexible flatfoot. METHODS: Fourty-five children (33 boys and 12 girls) with moderate flexible flatfoot were enrolled in this study...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104323/navicular-tenosuspension-with-anterior-tibialis-tendon-young-procedure-associated-to-calcaneo-stop-for-the-treatment-of-paediatric-flexible-flatfoot-clinical-and-ultrasound-study
#13
Elena Samaila, Ingrid Bonetti, Costanza Bruno, Emanuele Argentini, Bruno Magnan
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: Flexible flatfoot is one of the most common deformities in pediatric orthopaedics. Arthroeresis procedures are designed to correct this deformity. Among them, calcaneo-stop is a procedure with both biomechanical and proprioceptive properties. There could be other surgical procedure combined, such as a percutaneous Achilles tendon lengthening and the Gould tibialis posterior retension or Young tibialis anterior navicular tenosuspension. This study analyzed the clinical and sonographic results of 36 patients following flexible flatfoot surgical treatment with a calcaneo-stop arthroeresis combined with Achilles lengthening and a Young procedure...
April 15, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064471/tarsal-coalition-in-children
#14
REVIEW
Jaime Rice Denning
Tarsal coalition (a congenital fibrous, cartilaginous, or bony connection between two bones) classically presents with recurrent ankle sprains or with insidious onset of a painful, stiff flatfoot. Flatfoot is a benign finding most of the time, but it is important to distinguish the rigid flatfoot from the flexible flatfoot. A patient with recurrent sprains of the ankle or a stiff flatfoot should be evaluated for a tarsal coalition. The key to making the diagnosis is careful examination for stiffness in the subtalar joint and appropriate imaging studies...
April 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997428/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-achilles-tendon-in-children-with-flatfoot-a-case-control-morphometric-study
#15
Y Gonul, O Yucel, M Eroglu, I Senturk, S Eroglu, O Dikici, O Cartilli, M Ulasli
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether any relationships exist between the presence of flatfoot and ultrasonographic morphometric findings of Achilles tendon in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 30 pediatric patients with a mean age of 11.96±2.44 (SD) years (range: 9-16 years) with flexible flatfoot and 29 healthy pediatric controls who were matched for age and served as a control group. Demographic data of both groups such as age, height and weight, and anthropometric measurements including leg length and, length and cross-sectional area of the Achilles tendon on ultrasonography were tabulated...
September 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908688/pediatric-pes-planus-a-state-of-the-art-review
#16
REVIEW
James B Carr, Scott Yang, Leigh Ann Lather
Flatfoot (pes planus) is common in infants and children and often resolves by adolescence. Thus, flatfoot is described as physiologic because it is usually flexible, painless, and of no functional consequence. In rare instances, flatfoot can become painful or rigid, which may be a sign of underlying foot pathology, including arthritis or tarsal coalition. Despite its prevalence, there is no standard definition for pediatric flatfoot. Furthermore, there are no large, prospective studies that compare the natural history of idiopathic, flexible flat feet throughout development in response to various treatments...
March 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26807350/how-to-approach-the-pediatric-flatfoot
#17
Ettore Vulcano, Camilla Maccario, Mark S Myerson
The most difficult aspect regarding treatment of the pediatric flatfoot is understanding who needs surgery, when it is necessary, and what procedure to be done. A thorough history, clinical examination, and imaging should be performed to guide the surgeon through an often complex treatment path. Surgical technique can be divided in three categories: Soft tissue, bony, and arthroereisis. This paper will describe the joint preserving techniques and their application to treat the pediatric flatfoot deformity.
January 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527876/symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot-in-adults-subtalar-arthroereisis
#18
Fırat Ozan, Fatih Doğar, Kürşat Gençer, Şemmi Koyuncu, Fatih Vatansever, Fuat Duygulu, Taşkın Altay
Flexible flatfoot is a common deformity in pediatric and adult populations. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the functional and radiographic results of subtalar arthroereisis in adult patients with symptomatic flexible flatfoot. We included 26 feet in 16 patients who underwent subtalar arthroereisis for symptomatic flexible flatfoot. Radiographic examination included calcaneal inclination angle, lateral talocalcaneal angle, Meary's angle, anteroposterior talonavicular angle, and Kite's angle. The clinical assessment was based on the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot scale and a visual analog scale (VAS)...
2015: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26296215/what-s-new-in-pediatric-flatfoot
#19
REVIEW
Kathryn Bauer, Vincent S Mosca, Lewis E Zionts
BACKGROUND: Children with flatfeet are frequently referred to pediatric orthopaedic clinics. Most of these patients are asymptomatic and require no treatment. Care must be taken to differentiate patients with flexible flatfeet from those with rigid deformity that may have underlying pathology and have need of treatment. Rigid flatfeet in infants may be attributable to a congenital vertical talus (CVT); whereas those in older children and adolescents may be due to an underlying tarsal coalition...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26169229/validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-oxford-ankle-foot-questionnaire-for-children
#20
Nicolò Martinelli, Giovanni Romeo, Carlo Bonifacini, Marco Viganò, Alberto Bianchi, Francesco Malerba
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to translate the Oxford Ankle Foot Questionnaire (OAFQ) into Italian, to perform a cross-cultural adaptation and to evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: The Italian OAFQ was developed according to the recommended forward/backward translation protocol and evaluated in pediatric patients treated for symptomatic flatfoot deformity. Feasibility, reliability, internal consistency, construct validity [comparing OAFQ domains with Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) domains] and responsiveness to surgical treatment were assessed...
January 2016: Quality of Life Research
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