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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645863/toxicology-of-octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane-d4
#1
Allison Franzen, Tracy Greene, Cynthia Van Landingham, Robinan Gentry
Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) is a volatile cyclic siloxane used primarily as a monomer or intermediate in the production of some silicon-based polymers widely used in industrial and consumer applications and may be present as a residual impurity in a variety of consumer products. A robust toxicological data set exists for D4. Treatment-related results from a chronic inhalation study conducted in rats are limited to mild effects on the respiratory tract, increases in liver weight, increases in the incidence of uterine endometrial epithelial hyperplasia, and a dose-related trend in the incidence of endometrial adenomas...
June 20, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630099/kndy-neurone-activation-prior-to-the-lh-surge-of-the-ewe-is-disrupted-by-lps
#2
Chrysanthi Fergani, Jean Routly, David Jones, Lucy Pickavance, Robert Frank Smith, Hilary Dobson
In the ewe, steroid hormones act on the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) to initiate the GnRH/LH surge. Within the ARC, steroid signal transduction may be mediated by dopamine, β-endorphin or neuropeptide Y (NPY) expressing cells, as well as those co-localising kisspeptin, neurokinin B (NKB), and dynorphin (termed KNDy). We investigated the time during the follicular phase when these cells become activated (i.e., co-localise c-Fos) relative to the timing of the LH surge onset and may, therefore, be involved in the surge generating mechanism...
June 19, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628972/urinary-sexual-steroids-associated-with-bisphenol-a-bpa-exposure-in-the-early-infant-stage-preliminary-results-from-a-daishan-birth-cohort
#3
Heng Wang, Liangpo Liu, Jianyue Wang, Zhendong Tong, Jianbo Yan, Tongjie Zhang, Ying Qin, Tingting Jiang, Jianwen She, Heqing Shen
BACKGROUND: Many surveys have shown that older children are ubiquitously exposed to bisphenol A (BPA), and many laboratory studies have shown that BPA exposure has adverse effects related to estrogenic disruption, whereas the evidence in infants has not yet been observed. METHODS: Women in early pregnancy were recruited by the Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning Service Center, Daishan, China, from March 2012 to December 2014. After delivery, urine samples were collected from the diapers of 59 infants (0 to 6months of age)...
June 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595291/the-expression-of-cxcr4-is-induced-by-the-lh-surge-and-mediated-by-progesterone-receptors-in-human-preovulatory-granulosa-cells
#4
Yohan Choi, Ji Yeon Park, Kalin Wilson, Katherine L Rosewell, Mats Brännström, James W Akin, Thomas E Curry, Misung Jo
The chemokine CXC Motif Ligand 12 (CXCL12) and its cognate receptor, CXCR4, have been implicated in the ovulatory process in various animal models. However, little is known about the expression and regulation of CXCL12 and CXCR4 and their functions during the ovulatory period in the human ovary. In the present study, we characterized the expression patterns of CXCL12 and CXCR4 in preovulatory follicles collected before the LH surge and at defined hours after hCG administration in women with the regular menstrual cycle...
June 8, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575154/effects-of-propylene-glycol-or-elevated-lh-during-follicle-development-on-ovulation-fertilization-and-early-embryo-development
#5
Katherine S Hackbart, Robb W Bender, Paulo D Carvalho, Lais M Vieira, Ana R Dresch, Jerry N Guenther, Hidir Gencoglu, Anibal B Nascimento, Randy D Shaver, Milo C Wiltbank
Seventeen non-lactating Holstein cows were superovulated in a Latin-square designed experiment to determine effects of increased propylene glycol (PROP) and LH during antral follicle development on ovarian function, fertilization, and early embryo quality. PROP was orally drenched every 4 h for 7d to induce hyperinsulinemia and associated metabolic changes. LH concentrations were altered by increasing LH (3-fold) during last 2 d of superovulation. Treatment groups were: 1) Control-oral drenching with water plus low-LH preparation; 2) HLH-water plus high-LH preparation; 3) PROP-drenching with PROP plus low-LH; 4) PROP/HLH-PROP plus high-LH...
May 30, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571986/characterization-of-the-variability-and-repeatability-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-induced-luteinizing-hormone-responses-in-dairy-cows-within-a-synchronized-ovulation-protocol
#6
M Gobikrushanth, P A Dutra, T C Bruinjé, M G Colazo, S T Butler, D J Ambrose
The primary objective was to determine the variability and repeatability of GnRH-induced LH responses. The secondary objective was to evaluate the associations among plasma LH, FSH, estradiol (E2), and progesterone (P4) concentrations. One hundred lactating Holstein cows (35 primiparous, 65 multiparous) were initially subjected to a presynchronization protocol (d 0, PGF2α; d 3, GnRH) followed 7 d later by Ovsynch (d 10, GnRH; d 17, PGF2α; 56 h later, GnRH) and timed artificial insemination 16 h after the last GnRH...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571651/timing-therapeutic-donor-inseminations-in-natural-cycles-human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-administration-versus-urinary-lh-monitoring
#7
Hady El Hachem, Roland Antaki, Camille Sylvestre, Louise Lapensée, Guillaume Legendre, Pierre Emmanuel Bouet
This cohort study assessed whether timing therapeutic donor sperm inseminations (TDI) in natural cycles (NC) using ultrasound monitoring and ovulation trigger with human chorionic gonadotrophin (US/HCG) improves cumulative live birth rates (LBR) compared with detection of LH surge with urinary kits (u-LH). It included 232 normo-ovulatory women aged ≤40 years, undergoing 538 TDI in NC between 2011 and 2014. In the u-LH group (113 women, 267 cycles), TDI was performed the day following a positive test. In the US/HCG group (119 women, 271 cycles), ovulation was triggered with HCG when a follicle ≥17 mm was noted, and TDI performed 36 h later...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549157/exposure-to-acute-psychosocial-stress-disrupts-the-luteinizing-hormone-surge-independent-of-estrous-cycle-alterations-in-female-mice
#8
Elizabeth R Wagenmaker, Suzanne M Moenter
The disruptive effects of severe stress on reproductive function are well documented, but surprisingly few studies exist that demonstrate milder psychosocial stressors interfere with the ovarian cycle in females. We hypothesized repeated application of psychosocial stress would disrupt estrous cycles in mice. Mice were transferred to a new cage, transported to a new room and restrained (2h) for 21 consecutive days. Contrary to our hypothesis, this paradigm did not affect estrous cycles. We next tested the hypothesis that a single exposure to mild stress disrupts a specific aspect of the cycle: the proestrous luteinizing hormone (LH) surge...
May 25, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537052/recombinant-luteinizing-hormone-rlh-and-recombinant-follicle-stimulating-hormone-rfsh-for-ovarian-stimulation-in-ivf-icsi-cycles
#9
REVIEW
Monique H Mochtar, Nora A Danhof, Reuben Olugbenga Ayeleke, Fulco Van der Veen, Madelon van Wely
BACKGROUND: One of the various ovarian stimulation regimens used for in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles is the use of recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (rFSH) in combination with a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue. GnRH analogues prevent premature luteinizing hormone (LH) surges. Since they deprive the growing follicles of LH, the question arises as to whether supplementation with recombinant LH (rLH) would increase live birth rates...
May 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532832/the-precision-of-peri-oestrous-predictors-of-the-date-of-onset-of-parturition-in-the-bitch
#10
K G M De Cramer, J O Nöthling
Precise prediction of the date of onset of parturition in the bitch is clinically important. The study compared the precision with which four peri-oestrous predictors predict the date of onset of parturition. The predictors evaluated in 24 bitches were: the date of the first or only day of the LH surge, the date on which the concentration of progesterone in the blood plasma first exceeded 6 nmol/L, the date on which the concentration of progesterone in the blood plasma first exceeded 16 nmol/L and the date of onset of cytological dioestrus...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495270/egg-deposition-of-maternal-testosterone-is-primarily-controlled-by-the-preovulatory-peak-of-luteinizing-hormone-in-japanese-quail
#11
Monika Okuliarova, Simone L Meddle, Michal Zeman
Differential transfer of maternal testosterone (T) into egg yolk provides a means of adjusting an offspring's phenotype to ambient environmental conditions. While the environmental and genetic driven variability in yolk T levels is widely described, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we investigated whether neuroendocrine mechanisms controlling ovulatory processes are associated with the regulation of yolk T deposition. Circulatory profiles of luteinizing hormone (LH), T and estradiol levels were analysed during the last 7 h before ovulation in Japanese quail selected for contrasting yolk T concentrations...
May 8, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475692/central-rfrp-3-stimulates-lh-secretion-in-male-mice-and-has-cycle-stage-dependent-inhibitory-effects-in-females
#12
Caroline Ancel, Megan A Inglis, Greg M Anderson
RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) is a neuropeptide that is thought to play an inhibitory role in the regulation of reproduction in various mammalian species, although some stimulatory effects have been reported. To date, the effects of RFRP-3 on gonadotropin secretion have been scarcely studied in mice. The aim of the current study was to characterise the effect of RFRP-3 administration on gonadotropin secretion in male and female mice. Adult intact and castrated male mice received acute central injections of 0...
May 4, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467767/impact-of-endometrial-preparation-protocols-for-frozen-embryo-transfer-on-live-birth-rates
#13
Maria Cerrillo, Leyre Herrero, Alfredo Guillén, Mercedes Mayoral, Juan Antonio García-Velasco
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that a natural cycle (NC) is similar to or even better than hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in patients with regular cycles who undergo frozen embryo transfer (FET). Hundreds of FETs are managed yearly in our clinic. Scheduling these cycles is critical in a busy unit like ours. This is why we have to prove if a NC really shows a better outcome than other endometrium preparation protocols. METHODS: Hence we carried out a prospective study between June 2011 and June 2012, which included 530 patients (570 FET cycles) randomly allocated to two study groups: Group 1 (n=280 cycles), artificial cycle (HRT); or group 2 (n=290 cycles), natural cycle...
April 28, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467682/transcriptional-control-of-genes-mediating-ovarian-follicular-growth-differentiation-and-steroidogenesis-in-pigs
#14
REVIEW
Holly A LaVoie
The pig is an agriculturally important species, so understanding its follicular dynamics and the transcriptional events that accompany such changes is critical to optimizing reproductive outcomes. Numerous small- to medium-size antral follicles are recruited and continue growth under the influence of gonadotropins and growth factors during the follicular phase of the porcine estrous cycle. Several of these follicles are selected to mature into large preovulatory follicles whose granulosa cells acquire luteinizing hormone (LH) receptors...
May 3, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437630/modified-natural-cycle-for-embryo-transfer-using-frozen-thawed-blastocysts-a-satisfactory-option
#15
Quoc V Le, Sina Abhari, Omar M Abuzeid, Jennifer DeAnna, Mohamed A Satti, Tarek Abozaid, Iqbal Khan, Mostafa I Abuzeid
OBJECTIVE: To describe pregnancy outcomes of frozen-thawed blastocysts cycles using modified natural cycle frozen embryo transfers (NC-FET) and down-regulated hormonally controlled frozen embryo transfers (HC-FET) protocols. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included all patients undergoing either modified NC-FET or down-regulated HC-FET using frozen-thawed day 5 embryos. Cycles with donor blastocysts were excluded. Four hundred twenty eight patients underwent a total of 493 FET cycles...
April 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393578/kisspeptin-as-a-promising-oocyte-maturation-trigger-for-in-vitro-fertilisation-in-humans
#16
Miro Kasum, Daniela Franulić, Ermin Čehić, Slavko Orešković, Albert Lila, Emina Ejubović
The aim of this review is to analyse the effectiveness of exogenous kisspeptin administration as a novel alternative of triggering oocyte maturation, instead of currently used triggers such as human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist, in women undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. Kisspeptin has been considered a master regulator of two modes of GnRH and hence gonadotropin secretion, pulses and surges. Administration of kisspeptin-10 and kisspeptin-54 induces the luteinising hormone (LH) surge required for egg maturation and ovulation in animal investigations and LH release during the preovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle and hypothalamic amenorrhoea in humans...
April 10, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387824/%C3%AE-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptors-modulate-kisspeptin-effects-on-prolactin-role-in-estradiol-induced-prolactin-surge-in-female-rats
#17
Nayara S S Aquino, Roberta Araujo-Lopes, Patricia C Henriques, Felipe E F Lopes, Daniela O Gusmao, Candido C Coimbra, Celso R Franci, Adelina M Reis, Raphael E Szawka
Kisspeptin (Kp) regulates prolactin (PRL) in an estradiol-dependent manner. We investigated the interaction between ovarian steroid receptors and Kp in the control of PRL secretion. Intracerebroventricular injections of Kp-10 or Kp-234 were performed in ovariectomized (OVX) rats under different hormonal treatments. Kp-10 increased PRL release and decreased 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid levels in the median eminence (ME) of OVX rats treated with estradiol (OVX+E), which was prevented by tamoxifen. Whereas these effects of Kp-10 were absent in OVX rats, they were replicated in OVX rats treated with selective agonist of estrogen receptor (ER)α, propylpyrazole triol, but not of ERβ, diarylpropionitrile...
June 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379327/evidence-that-endogenous-somatostatin-inhibits-episodic-but-not-surge-secretion-of-lh-in-female-sheep
#18
Richard B McCosh, Brett M Szeligo, Michelle N Bedenbaugh, Justin A Lopez, Steven L Hardy, Stanley M Hileman, Michael N Lehman, Robert L Goodman
Two modes of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion are necessary for female fertility: surge and episodic secretion. However, the neural systems that regulate these GnRH secretion patterns are still under investigation. The neuropeptide somatostatin (SST) inhibits episodic LH secretion in humans and sheep, and several lines of evidence suggest SST may regulate secretion during the LH surge. In this study, we examined whether SST alters the LH surge in ewes by administering a SST receptor (SSTR) 2 agonist (octreotide) or antagonist [CYN154806 (CYN)] into the third ventricle during an estrogen-induced LH surge and whether endogenous SST alters episodic LH secretion...
June 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377404/effect-of-androgen-on-kiss1-expression-and-luteinizing-hormone-release-in-female-rats
#19
Kinuyo Iwata, Yuyu Kunimura, Keisuke Matsumoto, Hitoshi Ozawa
Hyperandrogenic women have various grades of ovulatory dysfunction, which lead to infertility. The purpose of this study was to determine whether chronic exposure to androgen affects expression of kisspeptin (ovulation and follicle development regulator) or release of luteinizing hormone (LH) in female rats. Weaned females were subcutaneously implanted with 90-day continuous-release pellets of 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and studied after 10 weeks of age. Number of Kiss1-expressing cells in both the anteroventral periventricular nucleus (AVPV) and arcuate nucleus (ARC) was significantly decreased in ovary-intact DHT rats...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368800/-corifollitropin-alfa-compared-to-daily-fsh-in-controlled-ovarian-stimulation-for-oocyte-donors
#20
M Benchabane, P Santulli, C Maignien, M Bourdon, D De Ziegler, C Chapron, V Gayet
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate that corifollitropin alfa is as effective as daily FSH in controlled ovarian stimulation of oocyte donors. METHODS: From January 2013 to October 2015, 77 cycles controlled ovarian stimulation, derived from a continuous cohort of 77 oocyte donors, were analyzed. After synchronization by oestroprogestatif or estrogens, ovarian stimulation was started by corifollitropin alfa (Group corifollitropin alfa) or by daily FSH (Group daily FSH). In both groups, a GnRH antagonist was used for the prevention of premature surge of luteinizing hormone (LH)...
February 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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