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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434672/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-comparison-of-subcutaneous-versus-intramuscular-leuprolide-acetate-formulations-in-male-subjects
#1
Daniel Saltzstein, Neal D Shore, Judd W Moul, Franklin Chu, Raoul Concepcion, Stephan de la Motte, John A McLane, Stuart Atkinson, Alex Yang, E David Crawford
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of two distinct formulations of leuprolide acetate (LA); subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Methods: A total of 32 healthy men were randomized to receive a single 7.5 mg injection of SC-LA ( n = 16) or IM-LA ( n = 16) in this phase I, open-label, parallel-group study. PK was assessed via LA concentrations, and PD via serum luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone (T) concentrations...
February 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403355/impact-of-triclosan-on-female-reproduction-through-reducing-thyroid-hormones-to-suppress-hypothalamic-kisspeptin-neurons-in-mice
#2
Xin-Yuan Cao, Xu Hua, Jian-Wei Xiong, Wen-Ting Zhu, Jun Zhang, Ling Chen
Triclosan (TCS), a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent, is widely used in clinical settings and various personal care products. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of TCS on reproductive endocrine and function. Here, we show that the exposure of adult female mice to 10 or 100 mg/kg/day TCS caused prolongation of diestrus, and decreases in antral follicles and corpora lutea within 2 weeks. TCS mice showed decreases in the levels of serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and progesterone, and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) mRNA with the lack of LH surge and elevation of prolactin (PRL)...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392781/activated-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-in-granulosa-cells-of-ovulating-follicles-in-mice
#3
Yasmin Schuermann, Dayananda Siddappa, Melissa Pansera, Raj Duggavathi
Successful ovulation requires the actions of gonadotropins along with those mediated by growth factors binding to their receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). There are several growth factors such as epidermal growth factor family ligands and interleukins that play a role during ovulation initiated by the preovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH). The aim of this project was to analyze growth factor signaling pathways induced by LH in mouse granulosa cells. Immature female mice were treated with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) followed 48h later by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to induce follicular growth and ovulation...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371816/expression-of-the-gonadotropin-receptors-during-follicular-development
#4
REVIEW
Hiroshi Kishi, Yoshikazu Kitahara, Fumiharu Imai, Kohshiro Nakao, Hiroto Suwa
Background: Gonadotropins induce follicular development that leads to ovulation and luteinization. In women, the level of gonadotropins, along with the expression of their receptors, changes dynamically throughout the menstrual cycle. This study aimed to clarify the mechanisms underlying these phenomena. Methods: The literature was reviewed, including that published by the authors. Main findings Results: Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor expression in the granulosa cells was induced by androgens that were derived from growth differentiation factor-9-stimulated theca cells...
January 2018: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370409/does-the-endometrial-gene-expression-of-fertile-women-vary-within-and-between-cycles
#5
Gloria E Evans, Gregory T M Phillipson, Peter H Sykes, Les A McNoe, Cristin G Print, John J Evans
STUDY QUESTION: Does gene expression of putative endometrial implantation markers vary in expression between menstrual cycles? SUMMARY ANSWER: In fertile women the expression of certain genes exhibits a pattern of stable regulation.which is not affected even when sampled twice in one cycle. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Successful implantation occurs in a minority of IVF embryo transfers. In contrast to knowledge regarding the ovulatory process, there is a sparse understanding of endometrial genes critical to implantation...
January 23, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362019/the-influence-of-azaperone-treatment-at-weaning-on-reproductive-function-in-sows-ovarian-activity-and-endocrine-profiles-during-the-weaning-to-ovulation-interval
#6
T Schwarz, A Zięcik, M Murawski, J Nowicki, R Tuz, B Baker, P M Bartlewski
Azaperone can reduce stress caused by weaning and relocation of breeding sows, but its effects on reproductive processes are still poorly understood. The primary aim of this study was to describe and compare the endocrine and ovarian activity in ultrasonographically monitored second parity sows, with or without azaperone treatment at weaning (2 mg/kg BW i.m.). The intervals from weaning to the onset of estrus and ovulation were both greater (P<0.05) in azaperone-treated (n=12) than in control sows (n=12) by ~12 h...
January 24, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352147/pre-conception-maternal-erythrocyte-saturated-to-unsaturated-fatty-acid-ratio-predicts-pregnancy-after-natural-cycle-frozen-embryo-transfer
#7
Christopher C Onyiaodike, Heather M Murray, Ruiqi Zhang, Barbara J Meyer, Fiona Jordan, E Ann Brown, Robert J B Nibbs, Helen Lyall, Naveed Sattar, Scott M Nelson, Dilys J Freeman
The environment for embryo implantation and fetal growth and development is affected by maternal nutritional, metabolic and health status. The aim of this prospective, cohort study was to test whether plasma metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers can predict pregnancy resulting from in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Women with a natural menstrual cycle undergoing frozen embryo transfer (FET) were recruited and fasting baseline blood samples were collected a mean of 3.4 days prior to the luteinising hormone (LH) surge and a non-fasting blood sample was taken on the day of FET...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326060/ovulation-is-associated-with-the-lh-dependent-induction-of-pla2g4aa-in-zebrafish
#8
Haipei Tang, Le Wang, Yu Chen, Jianan He, Ling Qu, Yin Guo, Yun Liu, Xiaochun Liu, Haoran Lin
The effects of the preovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge on the ovulatory process are mediated by prostaglandins (PGs), the synthesis of which involves prostaglandin synthetase and cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2). In our previous study, we systematically investigated the function of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (ptgs) genes on ovulation in zebrafish. However, the role of cPLA2 in ovulation was not determined in zebrafish. In this study, we investigated the function of cpla2α in PGs production and ovulation in periovulatory follicles...
January 8, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308444/high-fat-high-sugar-diet-disrupts-the-preovulatory-hormone-surge-and-induces-cystic-ovaries-in-cycling-female-rats
#9
Katrina M Volk, Veronika V Pogrebna, Jackson A Roberts, Jennifer E Zachry, Sarah N Blythe, Natalia Toporikova
Diet-induced obesity has been associated with various metabolic and reproductive disorders, including polycystic ovary syndrome. However, the mechanisms by which obesity influences the reproductive system are still not fully known. Studies have suggested that impairments in hormone signaling are associated with the development of symptoms such as acyclicity and ovarian cysts. However, these studies have often failed to address how these hormonal changes arise and how they might contribute to the progression of reproductive diseases...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the Endocrine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300975/new-application-of-dydrogesterone-as-a-part-of-a-progestin-primed-ovarian-stimulation-protocol-for-ivf-a-randomized-controlled-trial-including-516-first-ivf-icsi-cycles
#10
Sha Yu, Hui Long, Hannah Ya-Ning Chang, Yali Liu, Hongyuan Gao, Jing Zhu, Xinxin Quan, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang, Ai Ai
STUDY QUESTION: Can dydrogesterone (DYG) be used as an alternative progestin in a progesterone primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocol? SUMMARY ANSWER: DYG can be used as an appropriate alternative progestin in a PPOS protocol. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: PPOS is a new ovarian stimulation regimen based on a freeze-all strategy that uses progestin as an alternative to a GnRH analog for suppressing a premature LH surge during the follicular phase...
December 29, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274320/the-switch-from-camp-independent-to-camp-dependent-arrest-of-meiotic-prophase-is-associated-with-coordinated-gpr3-and-cdk1-expression-in-mouse-oocytes
#11
Laura D Firmani, Tracy F Uliasz, Lisa M Mehlmann
Mammalian oocytes are arrested in meiotic prophase from around the time of birth until just before ovulation. Following an extended period of growth, they are stimulated to mature to the metaphase II stage by a preovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge that occurs with each reproductive cycle. Small, growing oocytes are not competent to mature into fertilizable eggs because they do not possess adequate amounts of cell cycle regulatory proteins, particularly cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1). As oocytes grow, they synthesize CDK1 and acquire the ability to mature...
December 20, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247457/progestin-primed-ovarian-stimulation-with-or-without-clomiphene-citrate-supplementation-in-normal-ovulatory-women-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Yali Liu, Qiuju Chen, Sha Yu, Yun Wang, Wen He, Hannah Ya-Ning Chang, Bian Wang, Hongyuan Gao, Hui Long, Li Wang, Qifeng Lyu, Ai Ai, Yanping Kuang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the endocrinological profiles, cycle characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) with or without clomiphene citrate (CC) supplementation in normal ovulatory women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. PATIENT(S): A total of 320 infertile women undergoing IVF/ICSI. Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) were simultaneously administered on menstrual cycle day 3...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229849/obligatory-role-of-hypothalamic-neuroestradiol-during-the-estrogen-induced-lh-surge-in-female-ovariectomized-rhesus-monkeys
#13
Brian P Kenealy, Kim L Keen, James P Garcia, Lucille K Kohlenberg, Ei Terasawa
Negative and positive feedback effects of ovarian 17β-estradiol (E2) regulating release of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are pivotal events in female reproductive function. While ovarian feedback on hypothalamo-pituitary function is a well-established concept, the present study shows that neuroestradiol, locally synthesized in the hypothalamus, is a part of estrogen's positive feedback loop. In experiment 1, E2 benzoate-induced LH surges in ovariectomized female monkeys were severely attenuated by systemic administration of the aromatase inhibitor, letrozole...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223284/daily-rhythms-count-for-female-fertility
#14
REVIEW
Valérie Simonneaux, Thibault Bahougne, Eleni Angelopoulou
Female ovulation depends on a surge in circulating luteinizing hormone (LH) which occurs at the end of the resting period and requests high circulating estradiol. This fine tuning involves both an estradiol feedback as an indicator of oocyte maturation, and the master circadian clock of the suprachiasmatic nuclei as an indicator of the time of the day. This review describes the mechanisms through which daily time cues are conveyed to reproductive hypothalamic neurons to time the pre-ovulatory surge. In female rodents, neurotransmitters released by the suprachiasmatic nuclei activate the stimulatory kisspeptin neurons and reduce the inhibitory RFRP neurons precisely at the end of the afternoon of proestrus to allow a full surge in LH secretion...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216287/transcriptomic-profiles-in-peripheral-blood-between-women-with-unexplained-recurrent-implantation-failure-and-recurrent-miscarriage-and-the-correlation-with-endometrium-a-pilot-study
#15
Jin Huang, Nana Jin, Hao Qin, Xiao Shi, Yingyu Liu, Wingching Cheung, Chi Chiu Wang, Ting Fung Chan, Tin Chiu Li
AIM: To study the transcriptome profiles in the blood of recurrent implantation failure (RIF), recurrent miscarriage (RM) and fertile women during the window of implantation, and further analysis the correlation of transcriptome profiles between blood and endometrium. METHODS: This is an observational prospective study. In total 9 subjects were recruited, 3 RIF, 3 RM, and 3 controls. Paired samples (endometrium and peripheral blood) from the same subjects were precisely timed on the 7th days after luteal hormone surge (LH+7)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203140/coordination-or-coincidence-the-relationship-between-prolactin-and-gonadotropin-secretion
#16
David R Grattan
A recent paper demonstrates that kisspeptin can stimulate the secretion of both prolactin and luteinizing hormone (LH). This provides novel insight into mechanisms that could account for previous observations of concordant patterns of secretion of the two hormones, such as pulsatile secretion with simultaneous pulses, as well as the preovulatory surges of both prolactin and LH.
December 1, 2017: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177238/comparing-the-effect-of-gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-agonist-and-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-on-final-oocytes-for-ovulation-triggering-among-infertile-women-undergoing-intrauterine-insemination-an-rct
#17
Robabeh Taheripanah, Marzieh Zamaniyan, Atefeh Moridi, Anahita Taheripanah, Narges Malih
Background: The purpose of triggering in ovulation induction is to induce the final maturation of oocytes and their release from the ovary for fertilization. Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) on the final maturation of oocytes and pregnancy rates in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 110 infertile women who were selected for IUI entered the study...
June 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171353/the-neuro-control-of-the-ovarain-cycle-a-hypothesis
#18
Bruno Lunenfeld, Klaus Bühler
Since more than 100 years, it is known that pituitary function depends upon the function of higher centers in the brain. It was already assumed at this time that pituitary extracts could influence the gonads and postulated that their use could have practical applications. In 1926, the 'gonadal principle' was discovered revealing the regulation of ovarian function by the pituitary. The two pituitary hormones were called 'Prolan A' and 'Prolan B' which are responsible for ovarian function especially secretion of the hormones: 'lutein' and 'foliculin'...
November 24, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162648/biological-age-of-the-endometrium-using-dna-methylation
#19
Mia S Olesen, Anna Starnawska, Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm, Alexandra P Bielfeld, Inge E Agerholm, Axel Forman, Michael T Overgaard, Mette Nyegaard
Age has a detrimental effect on reproduction and as an increasing number of women postpone motherhood, it is imperative to assess biological age in terms of fertility prognosis and optimizing fertility treatment individually. Horvath's epigenetic clock is a mathematical algorithm that calculates the biological age of human cells, tissues or organs based on DNA methylation levels. The clock however, was previously shown to be highly inaccurate for the human endometrium, most likely because of the hormonal responsive nature of this tissue...
November 21, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153058/induction-of-the-lh-surge-in-premenarchal-girls-confirms-early-maturation-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian-axis
#20
Polina Rovner, Julia Keltz, Amanda Allshouse, Barbara Isaac, Cheryl Hickmon, Jennifer Lesh, Justin Chosich, Nanette Santoro
PURPOSE: To determine whether premenarchal girls exhibit positive estradiol feedback similar to regularly cycling adult women when given exogenous estradiol. METHODS: This was a prospective clinical cohort study at 2 institutions. Nine girls and 6 women received a 7-day course of transdermal estradiol designed to produce physiologic, mid-cycle circulating estradiol levels. Participants collected daily morning urine for luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol metabolites (E1c), and progesterone metabolites (Pdg), corrected for creatinine...
January 2018: Reproductive Sciences
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