Read by QxMD icon Read

Children hepatic tumor

Emmanuel Jouglar, Antoine Wagner, Grégory Delpon, Loïc Campion, Philippe Meingan, Valérie Bernier, Charlotte Demoor-Goldschmidt, Marc-André Mahé, Thomas Lacornerie, Stéphane Supiot
OBJECTIVES: Late abdominal irradiation toxicity during childhood included renal damage, hepatic toxicity and secondary diabetes mellitus. We compared the potential of conformal radiotherapy (CRT), helical tomotherapy (HT) and proton beam therapy (PBT) to spare the abdominal organs at risk (pancreas, kidneys and liver- OAR) in children undergoing abdominal irradiation. METHODS: We selected children with abdominal tumors who received more than 10 Gy to the abdomen...
2016: PloS One
Sarah A Comerford, Elizabeth A Hinnant, Yidong Chen, Hima Bansal, Shawn Klapproth, Dinesh Rakheja, Milton J Finegold, Dolores Lopez-Terrada, Kathryn A O'Donnell, Gail E Tomlinson, Robert E Hammer
Aberrant wnt/β-catenin signaling and amplification/overexpression of Myc are associated with hepatoblastoma (HB), the most prevalent type of childhood liver cancer. To address their roles in the pathogenesis of HB, we generated mice in which Myc and mutant β-catenin were targeted to immature cells of the developing mouse liver. Perinatal coexpression of both genes promoted the preferential development of HBs over other tumor types in neonatal mice, all of which bore striking resemblance to their human counterparts...
October 6, 2016: JCI Insight
Paloma Triana, Mariela Dore, Martha Muñoz Romo, Javier Jimenez Gomez, Alba Sánchez Galán, Francisco Hernandez, Ane M Andres Moreno, Jose Luis Encinas, Leopoldo Martinez, Manuel Lopez Santamaria
Aim Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), although being infrequent, is the second-most common primary hepatic malignancy in children, after hepatoblastoma (HB). The prognosis is very poor. We present our series of children with HCC referred to our transplant unit to be assessed as candidates for liver transplantation (LT). Methods A retrospective review of HCCs referred to our transplant unit in the past 20 years (1994-2015) was performed. Age at diagnosis, disease-free survival, location of recurrence, initial treatment, secondary treatment, and mortality were noted...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
R Girlanda, A Pozzi, C S Matsumoto, T M Fishbein
Organ transplantation in patients with prior malignancy increases the risk of tumor recurrence post-transplantation due to immunosuppression. Only two cases of liver transplantation have so far been reported in children with hepatic metastases from pancreatoblastoma, a rare malignant neoplasm originating from the epithelial exocrine cells of the pancreas. Herein, we describe a case of a successful multi-visceral transplant in a man with intestinal failure after surgical resection of pancreatoblastoma.
2016: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
Chia-Hung Wu, Nai-Chi Chiu, Yi-Chen Yeh, Yu Kuo, Sz-Shian Yu, Ching-Yao Weng, Chien-An Liu, Yi-Hong Chou, Yi-You Chiou
BACKGROUND: Beside hepatocellular carcinoma, metastasis, and cholangiocarcinoma, the imaging findings of other relatively uncommon hepatic lesions are less discussed in the literature. Imaging diagnosis of these lesions is a daily challenge. In this article, we review the imaging characteristics of these neoplasms. METHODS: From January 2003 to December 2014, 4746 patients underwent liver biopsy or hepatic surgical resection in our hospital. We reviewed the pathological database retrospectively...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Maria Gnarra, Gerald Behr, Alison Kitajewski, June K Wu, Sudha A Anupindi, Carrie J Shawber, Nick Zavras, Dimitrios Schizas, Chris Salakos, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
We aim to provide an up-to-date summary of infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) and its misnomers and to dialectically present the differential diagnosis of these rare entities of the liver. Eligible peer-reviewed articles on hepatic infantile hemangiomas, published between 2000 and 2015, were reviewed for this study. IHH is the most common hepatic vascular tumor in children. Once a liver mass is identified in an infant, the differential diagnosis ranges from vascular malformations to benign and malignant tumors including mesenchymal hamartoma, hepatoblastoma, metastatic neuroblastoma, so careful physical examination, imaging studies, and, if indicated, tumor markers and biopsy, are of pivotal importance to ascertain the correct diagnosis...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Michael J LaQuaglia, James L Grijalva, Kaly A Mueller, Antonio R Perez-Atayde, Heung Bae Kim, Ghazaleh Sadri-Vakili, Khashayar Vakili
Pediatric hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare tumor which is associated with an extremely high mortality rate due to lack of effective chemotherapy. Recently, the Hippo pathway and its transcriptional co-activator Yes-associated protein (YAP) have been shown to play a role in hepatocyte proliferation and development of HCC in animal models. Therefore, we sought to examine the activity of YAP and the expression of Hippo pathway components in tumor and non-neoplastic liver tissue from 7 pediatric patients with moderately differentiated HCC...
2016: Scientific Reports
Andrea Celotti, Giuseppe D'Amico, Marco Ceresoli, Matteo Tomasoni, Stefano Raimondo, Paolo Baggi, Gian Luca Baiocchi
Hepatoblastoma is the most common malignant liver tumor in children. On the other hand in the adult HB is very rare and characterized by unfavorable prognosis. A review of the entire literature was performed: 58 articles and 63 cases of HB were found. The patient's data were collected and analyzed. No correlation with hepatitis virus was found and AFP was elevated in most cases. Usually HB forms a large single mass in the liver and presents aggressive behavior, with local invasiveness and metastatic spread...
September 2016: Surgical Oncology
Yi Ji, Siyuan Chen, Bo Xiang, Zhicheng Xu, Xiaoping Jiang, Xingtao Liu, Qi Wang, Guoyan Lu, Li Yang
Multifocal hepatic hemangioma (MHH) is a benign hepatic tumor that is commonly diagnosed in children with multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas (IHs). We present a review of all children with MHH at our institutions. Of the 42 patients, the median age at presentation of MHH was 2.5 months. Thirty-six (85.7%) patients had cutaneous IHs. Twelve (28.6%) patients were symptomatic at presentation. There was no significant association between the number of hepatic hemangiomas and the number of cutaneous IHs. Fourteen (33...
2016: Scientific Reports
Javier García-Pérez, Antonio Morales-Piga, Diana Gómez-Barroso, Ibon Tamayo-Uria, Elena Pardo Romaguera, Gonzalo López-Abente, Rebeca Ramis
BACKGROUND: Few epidemiologic studies have explored risk factors for rare tumors in children, and the role of environmental factors needs to be assessed. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the effect of residential proximity to both industrial and urban areas on childhood cancer risk, taking industrial groups into account. METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study of five childhood cancers in Spain (retinoblastoma, hepatic tumors, soft tissue sarcomas, germ cell tumors, and other epithelial neoplasms/melanomas), including 557 incident cases from the Spanish Registry of Childhood Tumors (period 1996-2011), and 3342 controls individually matched by year of birth, sex, and region of residence...
August 7, 2016: Environmental Research
Jörg Fuchs, Seher Cavdar, Gunnar Blumenstock, Martin Ebinger, Jürgen F Schäfer, Bence Sipos, Steven W Warmann
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the outcome of hepatoblastoma (HB) patients presenting with post treatment extent of disease (POST-TEXT) stages III and IV after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. BACKGROUND: Primary liver transplantation has been advocated as surgical treatment for children with HB involving 3 or 4 sectors at diagnosis. However, in some cases, tumors seem resectable after chemotherapy through aggressive use of nontransplant surgical procedures. METHODS: Data of 27 HB patients were reviewed, undergoing extended liver resection for POST-TEXT III or IV tumors after chemotherapy between 1992 and 2015...
August 5, 2016: Annals of Surgery
H Dele Davies
Biologic response modifiers (BRMs) are substances that interact with and modify the host immune system. BRMs that dampen the immune system are used to treat conditions such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, or inflammatory bowel disease and often in combination with other immunosuppressive agents, such as methotrexate and corticosteroids. Cytokines that are targeted include tumor necrosis factor α; interleukins (ILs) 6, 12, and 23; and the receptors for IL-1α (IL-1A) and IL-1β (IL-1B) as well as other molecules...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Kumar Palaniappan, Vibhor V Borkar, Mohamed Safwan, Mukul Vij, Sanjay Govil, Naresh Shanmugam, Mohamed Rela
HCC is the second most common malignant liver tumor of childhood. It typically affects children with a median age of 10-14 yr on background hepatitis B-related liver disease and is often metastatic or locally advanced at diagnosis. Children below the age of five yr typically constitute <10% of all children with HCC. In these children, it occurs on a background of congenital or metabolic liver disease. The records of all children with HCC who presented to our department over a six-yr study period were reviewed...
July 8, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
David J Elzi, Meihua Song, Barron Blackman, Susan T Weintraub, Dolores López-Terrada, Yidong Chen, Gail E Tomlinson, Yuzuru Shiio
Hepatoblastoma is the most common liver cancer in children, accounting for over 65% of all childhood liver malignancies. Hepatoblastoma is distinct from adult liver cancer in that it is not associated with hepatitis virus infection, cirrhosis, or other underlying liver pathology. The paucity of appropriate cell and animal models has been hampering the mechanistic understanding of hepatoblastoma pathogenesis. Consequently, there is no molecularly targeted therapy for hepatoblastoma. To gain insight into cytokine signaling in hepatoblastoma, we employed mass spectrometry to analyze the proteins secreted from Hep293TT hepatoblastoma cell line we established and identified the specific secretion of fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), a growth factor for liver cells...
March 2016: Genes & Cancer
Hajime Uchida, Akinari Fukuda, Kengo Sasaki, Yoshihiro Hirata, Takanobu Shigeta, Hiroyuki Kanazawa, Atsuko Nakazawa, Osamu Miyazaki, Shunsuke Nosaka, Vidyadhar Padmakar Mali, Seisuke Sakamoto, Mureo Kasahara
BACKGROUND: Hepatoblastoma (HB) is a highly malignant primary liver tumor in children. Although liver transplantation (LT) is an effective treatment for unresectable HB with good long-term outcomes, post-transplant survival is mainly affected by recurrence, despite adjuvant chemotherapy. Novel strategies are needed to improve the outcomes in patients undergoing LT for unresectable HB. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twelve children received LT for unresectable HB. In 9 patients, we applied early exclusion of hepatic inflow (hepatic artery and portal vein) and creation of a temporary portocaval shunt during LT...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Steven W Warmann, Andrea Schenk, Juergen F Schaefer, Martin Ebinger, Gunnar Blumenstock, Ilias Tsiflikas, Joerg Fuchs
BACKGROUND: In complex malignant pediatric liver tumors there is an ongoing discussion regarding surgical strategy; for example, primary organ transplantation versus extended resection in hepatoblastoma involving 3 or 4 sectors of the liver. We evaluated the possible role of computer-assisted surgery planning in children with complex hepatic tumors. METHODS: Between May 2004 and March 2016, 24 Children with complex liver tumors underwent standard multislice helical CT scan or MRI scan at our institution...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
K Seitz, D Strobel
The approval of microbubbles with the inert gas sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and a palmitic acid shell (SonoVue(®), Bracco Geneva, CH) for the diagnostic imaging of liver tumors in adults and children by the FDA in the United States represents a milestone for contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS).This warrants a look back at the history of the development of CEUS. The first publications based on echocardiographic observations of right ventricular contrast phenomena caused by tiny air bubbles following i. v...
June 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Eun Byul Kwon, Hwal Rim Jeong, Young Seok Shim, Hae Sang Lee, Jin Soon Hwang
Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) mutation is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the occurrence of parathyroid, pancreatic islet, and anterior pituitary tumors. The incidence of insulinoma in MEN is relatively uncommon, and there have been a few cases of MEN manifested with insulinoma as the first symptom in children. We experienced a 9-year-old girl having a familial MEN1 mutation. She complained of dizziness, occasional palpitation, weakness, hunger, sweating, and generalized tonic-clonic seizure that lasted for 5 minutes early in the morning...
June 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Brian S Pugmire, Alexander J Towbin
Although primary hepatic neoplasms are less common than other intra-abdominal tumors in children, these neoplasms are a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. MRI is increasingly relied upon in the diagnostic evaluation of these lesions, both before and after treatment, and familiarity with the MRI findings associated with these neoplasms is a must for pediatric radiologists. Advances in MRI technology, particularly the advent of hepatocyte-specific gadolinium-based MRI contrast agents, have allowed for accurate characterization of several types of hepatic neoplasms on the basis of imaging appearance...
May 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"