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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633453/a-multifaceted-quality-improvement-strategy-reduces-the-risk-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection
#1
Cecelia N Theobald, Matthew J Resnick, Thomas Spain, Robert S Dittus, Christianne L Roumie
Objective: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are common and preventable hospital-acquired infections, yet their rate continues to rise nationwide. We describe the implementation of a multifaceted program to reduce catheter use and CAUTI rates while simultaneously addressing barriers to long-term success. Design/Setting/Participants: Pre-post study of medical inpatient veterans between December 2012 and February 2015. Intervention: Five component intervention: (i) a bedside catheter reminder; (ii) multidisciplinary educational campaign; (iii) structured catheter order set with clinical decision support; (iv) automated catheter discontinuation orders; and (v) protocol for post-catheter removal care...
June 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629757/bacterial-biofilm-based-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-causative-pathogens-and-antibiotic-resistance
#2
Nargis Sabir, Aamer Ikram, Gohar Zaman, Luqman Satti, Adeel Gardezi, Abeera Ahmed, Parvez Ahmed
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine the incidence of bacterial biofilm-based catheter-associated urinary tract infections, identify variables affecting biofilm formation, and identify etiologic bacterial pathogens and antibiotic-resistance patterns associated with biofilm-based catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) in our setup. METHODS: Patients who developed at least 2 symptoms of urinary tract infection after at least 2 days of indwelling urinary catheters were included...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625702/national-trends-in-the-frequency-of-bladder-catheterization-and-physician-diagnosed-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-results-from-the-medicare-patient-safety-monitoring-system
#3
Mark L Metersky, Noel Eldridge, Yun Wang, Eric M Mortensen, Jennifer Meddings
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if bladder catheterization and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) rates have changed since the implementation of public reporting in 2011. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System, a national, chart abstraction-based surveillance system, for hospitalized adults with a principal discharge diagnosis of heart failure (HF), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), or pneumonia and patients who had undergone certain major surgeries...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625267/-application-of-quality-control-chart-in-quality-control-for-nosocomial-infection-in-intensive-care-unit
#4
Yumei Cheng, Yuanyi Liu, Difen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application value of control chart in the management of nosocomial infection in intensive care unit (ICU) by using quality control chart to monitor the infections in ICU. METHODS: From October 2011 to June 2016, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), namely the three catheters, occurred in ICU of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University were monitored and recorded monthly, then the data was imput into the Excel, and the data was analyzed using SPSS...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614382/genome-wide-transposon-mutagenesis-of-proteus-mirabilis-essential-genes-fitness-factors-for-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-and-the-impact-of-polymicrobial-infection-on-fitness-requirements
#5
Chelsie E Armbruster, Valerie Forsyth-DeOrnellas, Alexandra O Johnson, Sara N Smith, Lili Zhao, Weisheng Wu, Harry L T Mobley
The Gram-negative bacterium Proteus mirabilis is a leading cause of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), which are often polymicrobial. Numerous prior studies have uncovered virulence factors for P. mirabilis pathogenicity in a murine model of ascending UTI, but little is known concerning pathogenesis during CAUTI or polymicrobial infection. In this study, we utilized five pools of 10,000 transposon mutants each and transposon insertion-site sequencing (Tn-Seq) to identify the full arsenal of P...
June 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594676/retrospective-analysis-of-catheter-acquired-urinary-tract-infection-relationship-to-stroke-diagnosis
#6
Julia Retelski, Tammy Richardson, Rohan Mahabaleshwarkar, Frank X Gohs, Melanie D Spencer
AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine if a diagnosis of stroke was associated with a higher incidence of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). Secondary aims included examining the effect of healthcare-related variables including antibiotic and steroid use, length of stay before catheter insertion, and duration of catheter use on the incidence of CAUTI in stroke patients. DESIGN: This was a retrospective chart review analysis set in a large teaching hospital in the Southeastern United States...
July 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580804/burden-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-an-era-of-decreasing-susceptibility
#7
Glenn S Tillotson, Stephen H Zinner
Antimicrobial resistance has become a global problem. Many pathogens are becoming multidrug-resistant with the attendant increased risk of failure of standard therapies and the under-recognised outcomes such as increased morbidity, mortality, length of hospitalization and costs of treatment. Areas covered: We undertook a review of the literature using standard search engines including PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and internet sources. Key search terms included antimicrobial resistance, antibiotic resistance, bacterial resistance, clinical outcomes, economic consequences, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus...
June 13, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526271/an-in-vitro-urinary-catheterization-model-that-approximates-clinical-conditions-for-evaluation-of-innovations-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#8
R Y R Chua, K Lim, S S J Leong, P A Tambyah, B Ho
BACKGROUND: Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) account for about 25% of nosocomial infections globally and often result in increased morbidity and healthcare costs. An added concern is the presence of microbial biofilms which are major reservoirs of bacteria, especially antibiotic resistant bacteria, in catheters. Since the practice of the closed drainage system, innovations to combat CAUTI have not produced significant improvements in clinical outcomes. The lack of a robust laboratory platform to test new CAUTI preventive strategies may impede development of novel technologies...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490091/physico-chemical-characterization-of-dairy-gel-obtained-by-a-proteolytic-extract-from-calotropis-procera-a-comparison-with-chymosin
#9
Issa Ado Rayanatou, ElHadji Gounga Mahamadou, Gilles Garric, Marielle Harel-Oger, Arlette Leduc, Julien Jardin, Valérie Briard-Bion, Chantal Cauty, Hassane Adakal, Jean François Grongnet, Frédéric Gaucheron
Chymosin is the major enzyme used in cheesemaking but latex enzymes are also used. The aim of this work was to characterize the composition and the structure of dairy gel obtained by an extract of Calotropis procera leaves in comparison with those obtained by chymosin. The biochemical and mineral compositions of the curds and the cheese yields obtained by using Calotropis procera extract or chymosin were relatively similar. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations of proteolysis after milk coagulation, determined by the non-protein nitrogen content and chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry, indicated that Calotropis procera extract was more proteolytic than chymosin and that κ-casein was proteolyzed...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489676/suprapubic-catheter-change-methods-a-crossover-comparison-cohort-trial
#10
Alyson Sweeney
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare 2 methods of suprapubic catheter (SPC) change, instillation and observation. The instillation method requires instillation of saline to the bladder prior to SPC removal; the observation method is completed taking note of the angle and length at which the indwelling SPC is withdrawn and observation of urine from the newer catheter when inserted. DESIGN: Nonrandomized crossover trial. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Fifty-nine community-dwelling adults who were long-term SPC users participated in the study...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476491/the-project-protect-infection-prevention-fellowship-a-model-for-advancing-infection-prevention-competency-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety
#11
Janine D Reisinger, Anna Wojcik, Ian Jenkins, Barbara Edson, David A Pegues, Linda Greene
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2016 Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) Progress Report documented no change in catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) between 2009 and 2014. There is a need for investment in additional efforts to reduce HAIs, specifically CAUTI. Quality improvement fellowships are 1 approach to expand the capacity of dedicated leaders and infection prevention champions. METHODS: The fellowship used a model that expanded collaboration among disciplines and focused on partnership by recruiting a diverse cohort of fellows and by providing 1-on-1 mentoring to enhance leadership development...
May 2, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476432/fainting-episode-in-a-pacemaker-dependent-patient-with-two-implanted-devices-too-much-of-a-good-thing
#12
Filippo Maria Cauti, Pietro Rossi, Luigi Iaia, Stefano Bianchi
A 73 year old man with CRT-D system and pacemaker dependence was admitted to the emergency department due to a syncopal episode. The device interrogation was performed. An RV ventricular sensing test was executed in VVI mode at 50 b/m. During testing the patient developed transient loss of consciousness with full recovery after stopping the sensing test. Applying asynchronous pacing mode, a pacing spike occurred at a faster rate of 65 b/m without evoking any ventricular capture. Looking at the chest X-ray, we found an abandoned right sided, single chamber VVI pacemaker in a submuscular pocket...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475786/infection-prevention-practices-in-japan-thailand-and-the-united-states-results-from-national-surveys
#13
Sarah L Krein, M Todd Greene, Anucha Apisarnthanarak, Fumie Sakamoto, Yasuharu Tokuda, Tomoko Sakihama, Karen E Fowler, David Ratz, Sanjay Saint
Background: Numerous evidence-based practices for preventing device-associated infections are available, yet the extent to which these practices are regularly used in acute care hospitals across different countries has not been compared, to our knowledge. Methods: Data from hospital surveys conducted in Japan, the United States, and Thailand in 2012, 2013, and 2014, respectively, were evaluated to determine the use of recommended practices to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI)...
May 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469893/improving-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-rates-in-the-medical-units
#14
Haytham Taha, Salama J Raji, Abeer Khallaf, Seham Abu Hija, Raji Mathew, Hanan Rashed, Christelle Du Plessis, Zaytoen Allie, Samer Ellahham
Sheikh Khalifa Medical City (SKMC) in Abu Dhabi is the main tertiary care referral hospital in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with 560 bed capacity with a high occupancy rate. SKMC senior management has made a commitment to make quality and patient safety a top priority. Preventing health care associated infections, including Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI), is a high priority for our hospital. In order to improve CAUTI rates a multidisciplinary task force team was formed and led this performance improvement project...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464815/avoiding-inappropriate-urinary-catheter-use-and-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-cauti-a-pre-post-control-intervention-study
#15
Vicki Parker, Michelle Giles, Laura Graham, Belinda Suthers, Wendy Watts, Tony O'Brien, Andrew Searles
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) as the most common healthcare-associated infection accounts for up to 36% of all healthcare-associated infections. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) accounts for up to 80% of these. In many instances indwelling urinary catheter (IDC) insertions may be unjustified or inappropriate, creating potentially avoidable and significant patient distress, embarrassment, discomfort, pain and activity restrictions, together with substantial care burden, costs and hospitalisation...
May 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459908/systematic-review-of-interventions-to-reduce-urinary-tract-infection-in-nursing-home-residents
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer Meddings, Sanjay Saint, Sarah L Krein, Elissa Gaies, Heidi Reichert, Andrew Hickner, Sara McNamara, Jason D Mann, Lona Mody
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in nursing homes are common, costly, and morbid. PURPOSE: Systematic literature review of strategies to reduce UTIs in nursing home residents. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Web of Science and Embase through June 22, 2015. STUDY SELECTION: Interventional studies with a comparison group reporting at least 1 outcome for: catheter-associated UTI (CAUTI), UTIs not identified as catheter-associated, bacteriuria, or urinary catheter use...
May 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456323/developing-a-user-friendly-report-for-electronically-assisted-surveillance-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection
#17
Felicia Skelton, Bryan Campbell, Deborah Horwitz, Sarah Krein, Anne Sales, Adi Gundlapalli, Barbara W Trautner
Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) surveillance is labor intensive, generally involving manual medical record review. We developed a prototype automated report through iterative design. Surveys and qualitative interviews were administered to key stakeholders to assess the report design. We found that different provider types expressed different needs regarding report content and format. Therefore, determining the primary audience for reporting data on CAUTI a priori is critical to developing useful reports, particularly as this process becomes standardized and automated...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454610/indwelling-urinary-catheters-a%C3%A2-pathway-to-health-care-associated-infections
#18
Judith L Clayton
When a urinary catheter is not inserted using proper technique, becomes unclean, or remains in place for too long, microorganisms can travel through the catheter lumen or along the outside of the catheter and infect the bladder or kidneys, resulting in a catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI). Urinary tract infections resulting from catheter use are one of the most common health care-associated infections. The insertion of a urinary catheter is considered to be routine care. Improving practices of placement and removal of urinary catheters requires education aimed at changing the habits of nurses and physicians...
May 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436355/quantification-of-risk-factors-in-500-patients-with-postoperative-urinary-retention
#19
Peter N Tsambarlis, Benjamin A Sherer, Karl F Godlewski, Rebecca M Deal, Jonathan A Myers, Leslie A Deane
INTRODUCTION: An Institutional Quality and Safety Initiative to reduce postoperative urinary retention (POUR) and improve patient safety indicators (PSIs) was undertaken after a nurse driven protocol for catheter removal lead to an increase in POUR. The aim of this study was to identify the number of risk factors present in patients with POUR while examining the prevalence of those risk factors individually. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of our institution's surgical database was performed to identify 500 consecutive cases of POUR between July 1, 2013 and July 1, 2014...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431848/epidemiology-of-device-associated-infections-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-nepal-a-prospective-surveillance-study-from-a-developing-country
#20
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Santosh Dahal, Jaya Prasad Singh, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Hari Prasad Kattel, Basista Prasad Rijal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Device-associated health care-acquired infections (DA-HAIs) in intensive care unit patients are a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. METHODS: A prospective, structured clinicomicrobiological surveillance was carried out for 3 common DA-HAIs: ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) present in the patients of an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in Nepal...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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