Read by QxMD icon Read


Duygu Sönmez Düzkaya, Gülçin Bozkurt, Gülzade Uysal, Tülay Yakut
BACKGROUND: There are few studies in the literature from developing countries regarding the rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), which is frequently encountered in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the 2-year rates of CAUTI in a PICU where a CAUTI Prevention Bundle was implemented. DESIGN: This was an interventional prospective study. METHODS: The study was conducted with 390 patients in the PICU of Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Turkey, from July 2013 to July 2015...
November 2016: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Lucy Ward
What was the nature of the CPD activity, practice-related feedback and/or event and/or experience in your practice? The article discussed the symptoms of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), the risks associated with catheter use and how to manage catheters safely.
September 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
Chanhaeng Rhee, M Eleanor Phelps, Bruce Meyer, W Gary Reed
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most commonly reported health care-associated infection (HAI) in the United States. Among UTIs acquired in the hospital, approximately 75% are associated with urinary catheters, with an estimated 15%-25% of all hospitalized patients receiving urinary catheters during their hospitalization. Despite ambitious national goals to reduce these infections, catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) has not decreased in the United States...
2016: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Therese Justus, Donamarie N Wilfong, Laura Daniel
Best practices for urinary catheter insertion and care are well documented in the literature. However, the development of educational methods to address best practice standards has been relatively stagnant. A novel educational approach to teach practicing providers proper catheter insertion and care was developed under a blended learning model with online videos and hands-on simulations. The education was custom created for each participant role. This education also highlighted the providers' own hospitals' catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) rates, the negative patient outcomes that have occurred as a result of CAUTIs, and the financial burdens caused by CAUTIs...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
Matthieu Rousseau, H M Sharon Goh, Sarah Holec, Matthew L Albert, Rohan B H Williams, Molly A Ingersoll, Kimberly A Kline
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are the most common hospital-associated infections. Here, we report that bladder catheterization initiated a persistent sterile inflammatory reaction within minutes of catheter implantation. Catheterization resulted in increased expression of genes associated with defense responses and cellular migration, with ensuing rapid and sustained innate immune cell infiltration into the bladder. Catheterization also resulted in hypersensitivity to Enterococcus faecalis and uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) infection, in which colonization was achieved using an inoculum 100-fold lower than the ID90 for infection of an undamaged urothelium with the same uropathogens...
September 22, 2016: JCI Insight
Xiaobao Li, Nanxi Lu, Hannah R Brady, Aaron I Packman
Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are common pathogens that often form biofilms together in catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI). However, the interactions between these two species in biofilms are largely unknown. P. mirabilis induces ureolytic biomineralization that substantially modifies key biofilm properties including morphology, persistence, and recalcitrance to antimicrobial therapy. These processes are well known to complicate CAUTI, but the consequences for colonization and persistence of P...
October 2, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Wafa Al Nasser, Aiman El-Saed, Amina Al-Jardani, Abdulhakeem Althaqafi, Huda Alansari, Jameela Alsalman, Zaina Al Maskari, Ayman El Gammal, Seif S Al-Abri, Hanan H Balkhy
BACKGROUND: The true burden of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) remains largely unknown because of a lack of national and regional surveillance reports in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The purpose of this study was to estimate location-specific CAUTI rates in the GCC region and to compare them with published reports from the U.S. National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) and the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC). METHODS: CAUTI rates and urinary catheter utilization between 2008 and 2013 were calculated using NHSN methodology pooled from 6 hospitals in 3 GCC countries: Saudi Arabia, Oman, and Bahrain...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Infection Control
Eileen J Carter, Daniel J Pallin, Leslie Mandel, Corine Sinnette, Jeremiah D Schuur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the actions of nurse leaders that facilitated clinical nurses' active involvement in emergency department (ED) catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) prevention programs. BACKGROUND: Hospitals face increasing financial pressures to reduce CAUTI. Urinary catheters, often inserted in the ED, expose patients to CAUTI risk. Nurses are the principal champions of ED CAUTI prevention programs. METHODS: This was a qualitative analysis from a multisite, comparative case study project...
October 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Rolf Nyah-Tuku Nzalie, Hortense Kamga Gonsu, Sinata Koulla-Shiro
Introduction. Community-acquired urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are usually treated empirically. Geographical variations in etiologic agents and their antibiotic sensitivity patterns are common. Knowledge of antibiotic resistance trends is important for improving evidence-based recommendations for empirical treatment of UTIs. Our aim was to determine the major bacterial etiologies of CAUTIs and their antibiotic resistance patterns in a cosmopolitan area of Cameroon for comparison with prescription practices of local physicians...
2016: International Journal of Microbiology
Kristofer R Wagner, Erin T Bird, K Scott Coffield
BACKGROUND: The urinary catheter is an ancient device for urinary drainage in patients. Placement of a urethral catheter is a common medical procedure that may have led to morbidity and mortality. Urethral catheterization is commonly performed by a nurse. Difficult catheter placement generates urology consultation. Difficult catheterization with a vision-guided urinary catheter may provide expedited and successful catheter placement by nursing personnel. METHODS: A PubMed...
November 2016: Current Urology Reports
Katrin Blondal, Brynja Ingadottir, Hildur Einarsdottir, Dorothea Bergs, Ingunn Steingrimsdottir, Sigrun Steindorsdottir, Gudbjorg Gudmundsdottir, Elin Hafsteinsdottir
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of implementation of evidence-based recommendations to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, conducted in 2010-12, with a before and after design. SETTING: A major referral university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected before (n = 244) and 1 year after (n = 255) the intervention for patients who received urinary catheters...
September 24, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Ian Richard Cooper, Mauro Pollini, Federica Paladini
Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) represents one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality. The resistance demonstrated by many microorganisms to conventional antibiotic therapies and the increasing health-care costs have recently encouraged the definition of alternative preventive strategies, which can have a positive effect in the management of infections. Antimicrobial urinary catheters have been developed through the photo-chemical deposition of silver coatings on the external and luminal surfaces...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
H G Ternavasio-de la Vega, A Barbosa Ventura, F Castaño-Romero, F D Sauchelli, A Prolo Acosta, F J Rodríguez Alcázar, A Vicente Sánchez, E Ruiz Antúnez, M Marcos, J Laso
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) represent an important healthcare burden. AIM: To assess the effectiveness of an evidence-based multi-modal, multi-disciplinary intervention intended to improve outcomes by reducing the use of urinary catheters (UCs) and minimizing the incidence of CAUTIs in the internal medicine department of a university hospital. METHODS: A multi-modal intervention was developed, including training sessions, urinary catheterization reminders, surveillance systems, and mechanisms for staff feedback of results...
October 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Amit Verma, Deepa Bhani, Vinay Tomar, Rekha Bachhiwal, Shersingh Yadav
INTRODUCTION: Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI) are one of the most common cause of nosocomial infections. Many bacterial species show biofilm production, which provides survival benefit to them by providing protection from environmental stresses and causing decreased susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. Two most common types of catheters used in our setup are pure silicone catheter and silicone coated latex catheter. The advantage of pure silicone catheter for long term catheterization is well established...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Fergus P M Cooper, Cameron Edwin Alexander, Sanjay Sinha, Muhammad Imran Omar
BACKGROUND: Long-term indwelling catheters are used commonly in people with lower urinary tract problems in home, hospital and specialised health-care settings. There are many potential complications and adverse effects associated with long-term catheter use. The effect of health-care policies related to the replacement of long-term urinary catheters on patient outcomes is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of different policies for replacing long-term indwelling urinary catheters in adults...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Luís D R Melo, Patrícia Veiga, Nuno Cerca, Andrew M Kropinski, Carina Almeida, Joana Azeredo, Sanna Sillankorva
Proteus mirabilis is an enterobacterium that causes catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) due to its ability to colonize and form crystalline biofilms on the catheters surface. CAUTIs are very difficult to treat, since biofilm structures are highly tolerant to antibiotics. Phages have been used widely to control a diversity of bacterial species, however, a limited number of phages for P. mirabilis have been isolated and studied. Here we report the isolation of two novel virulent phages, the podovirus vB_PmiP_5460 and the myovirus vB_PmiM_5461, which are able to target, respectively, 16 of the 26 and all the Proteus strains tested in this study...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Jan Powers
BACKGROUND: Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are a common complication in the hospital, especially in intensive care units (ICU). These infections are directly linked to the use of an indwelling urinary catheter. One commonly identified factor related to the development of CAUTI has been thought to be violating the integrity of the closed drainage system. However, a paucity of research exists to support or refute this practice. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this observational study was to assess if there is a relationship between CAUTI incidence and breaking the closed drainage system using an aseptic procedure...
December 2016: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
Namrata Raman, Myung-Ryul Lee, Angélica de L Rodríguez López, Sean P Palecek, David M Lynn
UNLABELLED: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are the most common type of hospital-acquired infection, with more than 30 million catheters placed annually in the US and a 10-30% incidence of infection. Candida albicans forms fungal biofilms on the surfaces of urinary catheters and is the leading cause of fungal urinary tract infections. As a step toward new strategies that could prevent or reduce the occurrence of C. albicans-based CAUTI, we investigated the ability of antifungal β-peptide-based mimetics of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) to kill C...
October 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
AnneMarie Walker-Czyz
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of an integrated electronic health record (EHR) innovation adoption on the quality of nursing care delivered, including hospital-acquired falls, hospital-acquired pressure ulcers, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), and costs measured in nursing hours. The impact on quality, cost, and nurse satisfaction measured in turnover rates before, during, and after implementation of EHR tools was also investigated...
July 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
Ali Ismail, Abdul-Karim El-Hage-Sleiman, Marianne Majdalani, Rima Hanna-Wakim, Souha Kanj, Rana Sharara-Chami
INTRODUCTION: Device-associated healthcare-associated infections (DA-HAIs) are the principal threat to patient safety in intensive care units (ICUs).  The primary objective of this study was to identify the most common DA-HAIs in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) at the American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC). Length of stay (LOS) and mortality, antimicrobial resistance patterns, and suitability of empiric antibiotic choices for DA-HAIs according to the local resistance patterns were also studied...
2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"