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Glioma lncRNA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501778/upregulation-of-the-long-non-coding-rna-snhg1-predicts-poor-prognosis-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-and-reduces-apoptosis-in-glioma
#1
Qiang Wang, Qing Li, Peng Zhou, Danni Deng, Lian Xue, Naiyuan Shao, Ya Peng, Feng Zhi
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are non-coding RNAs with a length above 200 nucleotides, have emerged as novel and important gene expression modulators in carcinogenesis. Recent evidence indicates that the lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) functions as an oncogene in several types of human cancers. However, its function in the development of glioma remains unknown. The aim of this research was to investigate the clinical aspects and biological mechanisms of SNHG1 in glioma. SNHG1 expression was measured in glioma tissues and cell lines by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)...
May 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493025/crnde-expression-positively-correlates-with-egfr-activation-and-modulates-glioma-cell-growth
#2
Karrie Mei-Yee Kiang, Xiao-Qin Zhang, Grace Pingde Zhang, Ning Li, Stephen Yin Cheng, Ming-Wai Poon, Jenny Kan-Suen Pu, Wai-Man Lui, Gilberto Ka-Kit Leung
BACKGROUND: The long non-coding RNA CRNDE has emerged as an important regulator in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. While CRNDE has previously been found to be the most highly upregulated lncRNA in glioma, detailed information on its roles in regulating cancer cell growth remains limited. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed at exploring the functional roles and underlying mechanisms of CRNDE in glioma. METHODS: We applied microarray data analysis to determine the prognostic significance of CRNDE in glioma patients and its correlation with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation...
May 11, 2017: Targeted Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490034/long-noncoding-rna-crnde-promotes-proliferation-of-gastric-cancer-cells-by-targeting-mir-145
#3
Cheng En Hu, Pei Zhun Du, Hui Dong Zhang, Guang Jian Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed (CRNDE) gene is a long noncoding RNA (lncRNAs) that is upregulated in colorectal cancer and glioma. Here, we investigated the regulatory function of CRNDE in gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: CRNDE and miR-145 expression were assayed by qRT-PCR, and E2F3 protein expression was measured by western blotting. A luciferase reporter assay was used to detect the direct regulation of miR-145 by CRNDE. Cell viability and colony formation of human GC cells were detected using MTT and colony formation assay, respectively...
May 10, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489543/integrating-multiple-heterogeneous-networks-for-novel-lncrna-disease-association-inference
#4
Jingpu Zhang, Zuping Zhang, Zhigang Chen, Lei Deng
Accumulating experimental evidence has indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are critical for the regulation of cellular biological processes implicated in many human diseases. However, only relatively few experimentally supported lncRNA-disease associations have been reported. Developing effective computational methods to infer lncRNA-disease associations is becoming increasingly important. Current network-based algorithms typically use a network representation to identify novel associations between lncRNAs and diseases...
May 4, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475287/lncrna-ccat1-promotes-glioma-tumorigenesis-by-sponging-mir-181b
#5
Bingzhou Cui, Baoshan Li, Qi Liu, Youqiang Cui
Colon cancer-associated transcript 1 (CCAT1), a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), is upregulated and has a vital role in the pathogenesis of numerous cancers. Recently, its high expression was found in glioma tissues. miR-181b is downregulated in glioma and acts as a tumor suppressor. However, the exact mechanism of CCAT1 action in the regulation of glioma development remains unknown. CCAT1 and miR-181b expression was firstly examined in glioma tissue samples by real-time PCR. An RNA interference approach was used to downregulate CCAT1 expression and we analyzed the underlying mechanism of CCAT1 by using bioinformatics analysis, CCK-8 assay, Transwell assay, flow cytometry, luciferase assay, RNA immunoprecipitation, real-time PCR, Western blot, and xenograft models...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469789/long-non-coding-rna-xist-exerts-oncogenic-functions-in-human-glioma-by-targeting-mir-137
#6
Zong Wang, Jiangwei Yuan, Li Li, Yang Yang, Xuchang Xu, Ying Wang
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X inactivate-specific transcript (XIST) acts as an important regulator in tumor progression. However, its expression and the underlying mechanism in glioma remain unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the potential function of XIST in glioma progression. In the present study, our data showed that the expression of XIST was significantly up-regulated in glioma tissues and enhanced the proliferation of glioma cells. The expression of miR-137 was significantly decreased in glioma tissues...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425476/lncrnas2pathways-identifying-the-pathways-influenced-by-a-set-of-lncrnas-of-interest-based-on-a-global-network-propagation-method
#7
Junwei Han, Siyao Liu, Zeguo Sun, Yunpeng Zhang, Fan Zhang, Chunlong Zhang, Desi Shang, Haixiu Yang, Fei Su, Yanjun Xu, Chunquan Li, Huan Ren, Xia Li
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been demonstrated to play essential roles in diverse cellular processes and biological functions. Exploring the functions associated with lncRNAs may help provide insight into their underlying biological mechanisms. The current methods primarily focus on investigating the functions of individual lncRNAs; however, essential biological functions may be affected by the combinatorial effects of multiple lncRNAs. Here, we have developed a novel computational method, LncRNAs2Pathways, to identify the functional pathways influenced by the combinatorial effects of a set of lncRNAs of interest based on a global network propagation algorithm...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423669/the-novel-long-non-coding-rna-talnec2-regulates-tumor-cell-growth-and-the-stemness-and-radiation-response-of-glioma-stem-cells
#8
Shlomit Brodie, Hae Kyung Lee, Wei Jiang, Simona Cazacu, Cunli Xiang, Laila M Poisson, Indrani Datta, Steve Kalkanis, Doron Ginsberg, Chaya Brodie
Despite advances in novel therapeutic approaches for the treatment of glioblastoma (GBM), the median survival of 12-14 months has not changed significantly. Therefore, there is an imperative need to identify molecular mechanisms that play a role in patient survival. Here, we analyzed the expression and functions of a novel lncRNA, TALNEC2 that was identified using RNA seq of E2F1-regulated lncRNAs. TALNEC2 was localized to the cytosol and its expression was E2F1-regulated and cell-cycle dependent. TALNEC2 was highly expressed in GBM with poor prognosis, in GBM specimens derived from short-term survivors and in glioma cells and glioma stem cells (GSCs)...
May 9, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381990/knockdown-of-long-non-coding-rna-kcnq1ot1-restrained-glioma-cells-malignancy-by-activating-mir-370-ccne2-axis
#9
Wei Gong, Jian Zheng, Xiaobai Liu, Yunhui Liu, Junqing Guo, Yana Gao, Wei Tao, Jiajia Chen, Zhiqing Li, Jun Ma, Yixue Xue
Accumulating evidence has highlighted the potential role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in solid tumors. Here, we elucidated the function and possible molecular mechanisms of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 in human glioma U87 and U251 cells. Quantitative Real-Time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) demonstrated that KCNQ1OT1 expression was up-regulated in glioma tissues and cells. Knockdown of KCNQ1OT1 exerted tumor-suppressive function in glioma cells. Moreover, a binding region was confirmed between KCNQ1OT1 and miR-370 by dual-luciferase assays...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379612/the-long-non-coding-rna-tp73-as1-interacted-with-mir-142-to-modulate-brain-glioma-growth-through-hmgb1-rage-pathway
#10
Rong Zhang, Hekun Jin, Fan Lou
P73 antisense RNA 1T (non-protein coding), also known as TP73-AS1 or PDAM, is a long non-coding RNA which may regulate apoptosis via regulation of p53-dependent anti-apoptotic genes. An abnormal change of TP73-AS1 expression was noticed in cancers. The effects of TP73-AS1 in brain glioma growth and the underlying mechanism remain unclear so far. In the present study, TP73-AS1 was specifically upregulated in brain glioma tissues and cell lines and was associated with poorer prognosis in patients with glioma...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368417/oncogenic-effects-of-evolutionarily-conserved-noncoding-rna-econexin-on-gliomagenesis
#11
S Deguchi, K Katsushima, A Hatanaka, K Shinjo, F Ohka, T Wakabayashi, H Zong, A Natsume, Y Kondo
Accumulating studies have demonstrated the importance of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) during oncogenic transformation. However, because most lncRNAs are currently uncharacterized, the identification of novel oncogenic lncRNAs is difficult. Given that intergenic lncRNA have substantially less sequence conservation patterns than protein-coding genes across species, evolutionary conserved intergenic lncRNAs are likely to be functional. The current study identified a novel intergenic lncRNA, LINC00461 (ECONEXIN) using a combined approach consisting of searching lncRNAs by evolutionary conservation and validating their expression in a glioma mouse model...
April 3, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350082/hotair-upregulates-an-18-gene-cell-cycle-related-mrna-network-in-glioma
#12
Kai Huang, Jia Sun, Chao Yang, Yunfei Wang, Bingcong Zhou, Chunsheng Kang, Lei Han, Qixue Wang
HOTAIR is a tumor promoting long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) with roles in multiple cancers. However, the role of HOTAIR in glioma has not been well charaterized. Genes that positively correlated with HOTAIR were identified from the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas and constructed into an interacting network. In total, 18 genes with P-values <0.01 were further extracted and constructed into a subnetwork. Real-time PCR, western blot and immunofluorescence analyses were employed to examine the expression of the genes after HOTAIR overexpression or knockdown...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338200/glioma-cells-promote-angiogenesis-through-the-release-of-exosomes-containing-long-non-coding-rna-pou3f3
#13
H-L Lang, G-W Hu, Y Chen, Y Liu, W Tu, Y-M Lu, L Wu, G-H Xu
OBJECTIVE: Angiogenesis is a key event in the progression of gliomas, and emerging evidence suggests that exosomes are signaling extracellular organelles that modulate the tumor microenvironment and promote angiogenesis and tumor progression. This study aimed to explore the mechanism by which glioma-derived exosomes affect angiogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: qRT-PCR was used to determine the expression level of linc-POU3F3 in glioma tissue as well as glioma cell lines...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293170/an-insight-into-the-increasing-role-of-lncrnas-in-the-pathogenesis-of-gliomas
#14
REVIEW
Yuanliang Yan, Zhijie Xu, Zhi Li, Lunquan Sun, Zhicheng Gong
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are essential epigenetic regulators with critical roles in tumor initiation and malignant progression. However, the roles and mechanisms of aberrantly expressed lncRNAs in the pathogenesis of gliomas are not fully understood. With the development of deep sequencing analyses, an extensive amount of functional non-coding RNAs has been discovered in glioma tissues and cell lines. Additionally, the contributions of several lncRNAs, such as Hox transcript antisense intergenic RNA, H19 and Colorectal neoplasia differentially expressed, previously reported to be involved in other pathogenesis and processes to the oncogenesis of glioblastoma are currently addressed...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287613/knockdown-of-long-non-coding-rna-xist-increases-blood-tumor-barrier-permeability-and-inhibits-glioma-angiogenesis-by-targeting-mir-137
#15
H Yu, Y Xue, P Wang, X Liu, J Ma, J Zheng, Z Li, Z Li, H Cai, Y Liu
Antiangiogenic therapy plays a significant role in combined glioma treatment. However, poor permeability of the blood-tumor barrier (BTB) limits the transport of chemotherapeutic agents, including antiangiogenic drugs, into tumor tissues. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in various diseases, especially malignant tumors. The present study found that lncRNA X-inactive-specific transcript (XIST) was upregulated in endothelial cells that were obtained in a BTB model in vitro. XIST knockdown increased BTB permeability and inhibited glioma angiogenesis...
March 13, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276316/long-noncoding-rna-meg3-suppresses-glioma-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-by-acting-as-competing-endogenous-rna-of-mir-19a
#16
Gui-Feng Tong, Nan Qin, Li-Wei Sun, Xiao-Lin Xu
Glioma, with varying malignancy grades and histological subtypes, is the commonest primary brain tumor in adults. Longnon-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are non-protein-coding transcripts and have been proven to play important roles in tumorigenesis. Our study aims to elucidate the combined effect of lncRNA MEG3 and microRNA-19a in human glioma U87 and U251 cell lines. Real time PCR revealed that MEG3 was down-regulated and miR-19a was up-regulated in malignant glioma tissues and cell lines. Bioinformatics analyses (TargetScan, miRanda and starBase V2...
March 8, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276314/long-non-coding-rna-pvt1-facilitates-cervical-cancer-progression-via-negative-regulating-of-mir-424
#17
Ya-Li Gao, Zi-Shen Zhao, Ming-Yun Zhang, Li-Jie Han, Yu-Jin Dong, Bo Xu
Emerging evidence suggests that the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 gene (PVT1) is involved in pathogenesis of cervical cancer. However, the potential mechanism is rarely reported. Our study found that PVT1 was up-regulated in cervical cancer tissue and cell lines. After transfecting PVT1 siRNA, the proliferation, migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells were markedly decreased. MiRNA expression profiles demonstrate that miR-424 was markedly down-regulated in cervical cancer tissue...
March 8, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260102/long-non-coding-rna-malat1-interacts-with-mir-124-and-modulates-tongue-cancer-growth-by-targeting-jag1
#18
Tong-Han Zhang, Li-Zhong Liang, Xiao-Ling Liu, Ji-Nan Wu, Kui Su, Jue-Yao Chen, Qiao-Yi Zheng, Hong-Zhang Huang, Gui-Qing Liao
Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), was the earliest discovered to be correlated with cancer and contributes to the initiation and development of several types of tumors. Dysregulation of MALAT1 expression is frequently observed in many types of cancer such as gastric cancer, esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and glioma. To date, the role of MALAT1 and the underlying mechanisms in tongue cancer development remain unclear. In the present study, we studied the influence of MALAT1 on tongue cancer cell lines and clinical tongue cancer samples so as to detect its function and the underlying mechanism...
April 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187755/long-noncoding-rna-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-susceptibility-candidate-3-ptcsc3-inhibits-proliferation-and-invasion-of-glioma-cells-by-suppressing-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#19
Shujun Xia, Ri Ji, Weiwei Zhan
BACKGROUND: The dysregulation of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been identified in a variety of cancers. An increasing number of studies have found the critical role of lncRNAs in the regulation of cellular processes, such as proliferation, invasion and differentiation. Long noncoding RNA papillary thyroid carcinoma susceptibility candidate 3 (PTCSC3) is a novel lncRNA that was primarily detected in papillary thyroid carcinoma. However, the biological function and molecular mechanism of lncRNA PTCSC3 in glioma are still unknown...
February 10, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187439/long-non-coding-rna-in-glioma-signaling-pathways
#20
REVIEW
Jia Shi, Bo Dong, Jiachao Cao, Yumin Mao, Wei Guan, Ya Peng, Suinuan Wang
Glioma is regarded as the most prevalent malignant carcinoma of the central nervous system. Thus, the development of new therapeutic strategies targeting glioma is of significant clinical importance. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are functional RNA molecules without a protein-coding function and are reportedly involved in the initiation and progression of glioma. Dysregulation of lncRNAs in glioma is due to activation of several signaling pathways, such as the BRD4-HOTAIR-β-catenin/PDCD4, p53-Hif-H19/IGF2 and CRNDE/mTOR pathways...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
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