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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682010/craniofacial-trauma-in-pediatric-patients-following-winnowing-blade-injury-review-of-literature
#1
REVIEW
Harsha Huliyappa, Balakrishna Ojha, Anil Chandra, Sunil Kumar Singh, Chhitij Srivastava
In developing countries, during the harvest season, winnower blade injuries occur very frequently in children and results in lifelong disability. Nine children were managed during 1 month, all resulting due to winnower blade induced craniofacial trauma. PubMed search for "fan blade injury" showed two case series and three case reports. In our study, 88% had compound depressed fracture; brain matter leak in 56%, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak alone in 22%. 66.7% had injury involving the frontal bone...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671353/health-related-quality-of-life-in-young-women-starting-hormonal-contraception-a-pilot-study
#2
Jóna Kristjánsdóttir, Claes Sundelin, Tord Naessen
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to study whether there is a difference in self-rated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and changes in HRQOL perception after 3 months of hormonal contraceptive use in adolescents. Seasonal variations in symptoms of depression were also studied. METHODS: A test group (T1) (n = 193) and a selected control group (n = 238) of women aged 14-20 years who were visiting a young person's clinic completed the 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) and answered additional questions on menstrual history and pattern, need for menstrual pain relief medication, and other regular medication...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668689/association-between-particulate-air-pollution-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-maternal-psychological-functioning
#3
Perry E Sheffield, Rosa Speranza, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Paul C Curtin, Stefano Renzetti, Ashley Pajak, Brent Coull, Joel Schwartz, Itai Kloog, Rosalind J Wright
METHODS: We studied associations between prenatal exposure to particulate matter with diameter ≤ 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and postpartum psychological functioning in a lower income, ethnically mixed sample of urban US women enrolled in a pregnancy cohort study. Analyses included 557 mothers who delivered at ≥37 weeks gestation. Daily estimates of residential PM2.5 over gestation were derived using a satellite-based spatio-temporally resolved model. Outcomes included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score from 6 or 12 months postpartum and subscale scores for anhedonia, depressive and anxiety symptoms...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659120/patterns-of-depressive-symptom-remission-during-the-treatment-of-seasonal-affective-disorder-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-or-light-therapy
#4
Jonah Meyerhoff, Michael A Young, Kelly J Rohan
BACKGROUND: To elucidate mechanisms related to remission in winter seasonal affective disorder (SAD), we explored the course of individual depressive symptom offset across two distinct treatment modalities that show comparable outcomes at treatment endpoint: cognitive-behavioral therapy for SAD (CBT-SAD) and light therapy (LT). METHOD: One hundred seventy-seven adults with SAD in a depressive episode were randomized to 6-weeks of CBT-SAD (n = 88) or LT (n = 89)...
April 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629180/exposure-to-physical-and-psychosocial-stressors-in-relation-to-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-european-professional-football-referees-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Özgür Kilic, Urban Johnson, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Philippe Rosier, Vincent Gouttebarge
Objectives: The study aim was to explore the association of physical and psychosocial stressors (severe injuries, surgeries, recent life events, social support) with one-season onset of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs) among European professional football referees. Methods: An observational prospective cohort study over a follow-up period of one season (2015-2016) was conducted among professional football referees from Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Norway, Russia, Scotland and Sweden...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620911/association-between-history-of-multiple-concussions-and-health-outcomes-among-former-college-football-players-15-year-follow-up-from-the-ncaa-concussion-study-1999-2001
#6
Zachary Y Kerr, Leah C Thomas, Janet E Simon, Michael McCrea, Kevin M Guskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Previous research has examined associations between concussion history and adverse health outcomes among former professional football players. Less is known about the potential effects of concussion among former college football players without additional exposure at the professional level. PURPOSE: To examine the association between concussion and adverse health outcomes in a cohort of former college football players without exposure to professional football, 15 years after their playing careers ended...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614896/modeling-strengthens-molecular-link-between-circadian-polymorphisms-and-major-mood-disorders
#7
Amanda R Liberman, Lumbardh Halitjaha, Ahmet Ay, Krista K Ingram
Anxiety and other mood disorders, such as major depressive disorder (MDD) and seasonal affective disorder (SAD), affect nearly one-fifth of the global population and disproportionately affect young adults. Individuals affected by mood disorders are frequently plagued by sleep and circadian problems, and recent genetic studies provide ample support for the association of circadian and sleep syndromes with depression and anxiety. Mathematical modeling has been crucial in understanding some of the essential features of the mammalian circadian clock and is now a vital tool for dissecting how circadian genes regulate the molecular mechanisms that influence mood...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601377/seasonal-work-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-farmers
#8
Paula S Schulz, Lani Zimmerman, Patrik Johansson
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and hospitalization in the rural United States. Midwestern farmers are integral to rural communities, but little is known about the effect of occupational variability of seasonal work and technology use on their cardiovascular disease risk. AIMS: This study describes the relationships of health behaviors and cardiovascular disease risk in 40 Midwestern farmers during peak and off-peak farming seasons...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576974/searching-the-internet-for-psychiatric-disorders-among-arab-and-jewish-israelis-insights-from-a-comprehensive-infodemiological-survey
#9
Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Mahmud Mahamid, Daniela Amital, Bishara Bisharat, Naim Mahroum, Kassem Sharif, Adi Guy, Amin Adawi, Hussein Mahagna, Arsalan Abu Much, Samaa Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Abdulla Watad
Israel represents a complex and pluralistic society comprising two major ethno-national groups, Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs, which differ in terms of religious and cultural values as well as social constructs. According to the so-called "diversification hypothesis", within the framework of e-health and in the era of new information and communication technologies, seeking online health information could be a channel to increase health literacy, especially among disadvantaged groups. However, little is known concerning digital seeking behavior and, in particular, digital mental health literacy...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575228/herbal-medicines-in-the-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders-10-year-updated-review
#10
REVIEW
Jerome Sarris
This paper provides a 10-year update of the 2007 systematic review of herbal medicines studied in a broad range of psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, seasonal affective, bipolar, psychotic, phobic, somatoform, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders. Ovid Medline, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library were searched for herbal medicines with both pharmacological and clinical evidence of psychotropic activity. This updated review now covers clinical trial evidence for 24 herbal medicines in 11 psychiatric disorders...
March 25, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560509/light-rescues-circadian-behavior-and-brain-dopamine-abnormalities-in-diurnal-rodents-exposed-to-a-winter-like-photoperiod
#11
Jacob Itzhacki, Daniel Clesse, Yannick Goumon, Eus J Van Someren, Jorge Mendoza
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), beyond mood changes, is characterized by alterations in daily rhythms of behavior and physiology. The pathophysiological conditions of SAD involve changes in day length and its first-line treatment is bright light therapy. Animal models using nocturnal rodents have been studied to elucidate the neurobiological mechanisms of depression, but might be ill suited to study the therapeutic effects of light in SAD since they exhibit light-aversive responses. Here Arvicanthis ansorgei, a diurnal rodent, was used to determine behavioral, molecular and brain dopamine changes in response to exposure to a winter-like photoperiod consisting of a light-dark cycle with 8 h of light, under diminished light intensity, and 16 h of darkness...
March 20, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520059/mice-with-reduced-dat-levels-recreate-seasonal-induced-switching-between-states-in-bipolar-disorder
#12
Jared W Young, Zackary A Cope, Benedetto Romoli, Esther Schrurs, Aniek Joosen, Jordy van Enkhuizen, Richard F Sharp, Davide Dulcis
Developing novel therapeutics for bipolar disorder (BD) has been hampered by limited mechanistic knowledge how sufferers switch between mania and depression-how the same brain can switch between extreme states-described as the "holy grail" of BD research. Strong evidence implicates seasonally-induced switching between states, with mania associated with summer-onset, depression with winter-onset. Determining mechanisms of and sensitivity to such switching is required. C57BL/6J and dopamine transporter hypomorphic (DAT-HY 50% expression) mice performed a battery of psychiatry-relevant behavioral tasks following 2-week housing in chambers under seasonally relevant photoperiod extremes...
February 27, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516359/-time-related-aspects-of-suicides-suicide-frequency-related-to-birthday-major-holidays-day-of-the-week-season-month-of-birth-and-zodiac-signs
#13
Eberhard A Deisenhammer, Christoph Stiglbauer, Georg Kemmler
BACKGROUND: Suicides are generally the consequence of overchallenged coping strategies of individual for psychological, social or internal and external biological strain factors. Timing of the suicide, too, may be influenced by external factors. Studies so far have yielded in part inconsistent results concerning the association of suicides with particular days or periods of the year. Even less is known regarding a potential effect of the time of birth on suicide risk. METHODS: The Tyrol Suicide Register (TSR) provides data on suicides occurring in the Austrian State of Tyrol including birthday of the suicide victim and day of the suicide...
March 7, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500957/light-therapy-for-older-patients-with-non-seasonal-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Xue Zhao, Jing Ma, Shiyou Wu, Iris Chi, Zhenggang Bai
BACKGROUND: Light therapy has become an increasingly common treatment for adults with depression, yet the role of light therapy for non-seasonal depression among older adults remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effectiveness of light therapy among older patients with non-seasonal depression. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI and CBM from the inception of each database to May 2017...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498416/workplace-lighting-for-improving-alertness-and-mood-in-daytime-workers
#15
REVIEW
Daniela V Pachito, Alan L Eckeli, Ahmed S Desouky, Mark A Corbett, Timo Partonen, Shantha Mw Rajaratnam, Rachel Riera
BACKGROUND: Exposure to light plays a crucial role in biological processes, influencing mood and alertness. Daytime workers may be exposed to insufficient or inappropriate light during daytime, leading to mood disturbances and decreases in levels of alertness. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of lighting interventions to improve alertness and mood in daytime workers. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, seven other databases; ClinicalTrials...
March 2, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458928/adjunctive-vitamin-d-in-the-treatment-of-non-remitted-depression-lessons-from-a-failed-clinical-trial
#16
Monique Aucoin, Kieran Cooley, Leena Anand, Melissa Furtado, Alex Canzonieri, Alexa Fine, Kathryn Fotinos, Ranjith Chandrasena, Larry J Klassen, Irvin Epstein, Wende Wood, Martin A Katzman
BACKGROUND: Many patients with depression fail to achieve remission after several consecutive treatments. Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent and new research suggests that it may have an impact on mood, primarily through an effect on neurotransmitters. Numerous observational studies suggest a relationship between low levels of vitamin D and increased incidence and severity of mood disorders. A small number of pilot studies have been undertaken but lack rigorous methodology required to draw conclusions about a clinical role for this nutrient in treatment resistant depression...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458196/within-subject-associations-between-inflammation-and-features-of-depression-using-the-flu-vaccine-as-a-mild-inflammatory-stimulus
#17
Kate R Kuhlman, Theodore F Robles, Larissa N Dooley, Chloe C Boyle, Marcie D Haydon, Julienne E Bower
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a role in mood and behavior that may be relevant to identifying risk factors and treatment for depression and other stress-related illnesses. The purpose of this study was to examine whether fluctuations in inflammation following a mild immune stimulus were associated with changes in daily reported features of depression for up to a week in a healthy sample of young adults. METHODS: Forty one undergraduate students completed daily diaries of mood, feelings of social disconnection, sleep, and physical symptoms for one week before and after receiving the seasonal influenza vaccine...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430586/the-antidepressant-effect-of-light-therapy-from-retinal-projections
#18
REVIEW
Xiaotao Li, Xiang Li
Observations from clinical trials have frequently demonstrated that light therapy can be an effective therapy for seasonal and non-seasonal major depression. Despite the fact that light therapy is known to have several advantages over antidepressant drugs like a low cost, minimal side-effects, and fast onset of therapeutic effect, the mechanism underlying light therapy remains unclear. So far, it is known that light therapy modulates mood states and cognitive functions, involving circadian and non-circadian pathways from retinas into brain...
February 12, 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428773/self-perceived-personality-characteristics-in-seasonal-affective-disorder-and-their-implications-for-severity-of-depression
#19
Liv Vadskjær Hjordt, Vibeke H Dam, Brice Ozenne, Ida Hageman, Brenda Mc Mahon, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Gitte M Knudsen, Dea Siggaard Stenbæk
The personality traits Neuroticism and Extraversion may be involved in the development of seasonal affective disorder (SAD). However, the impact of personality traits on SAD severity and whether such self-reported traits fluctuate with season is unknown. We investigated the association between Neuroticism, as acquired in a symptom-free phase and depression severity in individuals with SAD and seasonal changes in personality traits in individuals with SAD compared to healthy controls. Twenty-nine individuals diagnosed with SAD and thirty demographically matched controls completed the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised and the Major Depression Inventory twice: in summer when individuals with SAD were symptom-free, and in winter when they experienced SAD symptoms...
February 6, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415516/seasonal-and-spatial-variability-of-anthropogenic-and-natural-factors-influencing-groundwater-quality-based-on-source-apportionment
#20
Xueru Guo, Rui Zuo, Li Meng, Jinsheng Wang, Yanguo Teng, Xin Liu, Minhua Chen
Globally, groundwater resources are being deteriorated by rapid social development. Thus, there is an urgent need to assess the combined impacts of natural and enhanced anthropogenic sources on groundwater chemistry. The aim of this study was to identify seasonal characteristics and spatial variations in anthropogenic and natural effects, to improve the understanding of major hydrogeochemical processes based on source apportionment. 34 groundwater points located in a riverside groundwater resource area in northeast China were sampled during the wet and dry seasons in 2015...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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