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Satoshi Takahashi, Yoshio Tanizaki, Hiroaki Kimura, Kazunori Akaji, Masaki Nakazawa, Kazunari Yoshida, Ban Mihara
OBJECTIVE: Currently, the probability of diagnosing asymptomatic moyamoya disease is increasing. In this study, we consider a less invasive method for predicting future ischemic symptoms in patients with moyamoya disease. METHODS: We reviewed cerebral blood flow (CBF)-related data obtained by xenon CT imaging (XeCT) in six patients with ischemic-type or asymptomatic moyamoya disease. The data were obtained as volume data using a 320-row CT, and applied to the automated region-of-interest-determining software (3DSRT) and converted to standardized images...
November 2015: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Jorge L Ble-Castillo, María A Aparicio-Trapala, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Jorge E Torres-Lopez, Jose D Mendez, Hidemi Aguilar-Mariscal, Viridiana Olvera-Hernández, Leydi C Palma-Cordova, Juan C Diaz-Zagoya
The macronutrient component of diets is critical for metabolic control and insulin action. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of high fat diets (HFDs) vs. high carbohydrate diets (HCDs) on metabolic control and insulin resistance in Wistar rats. Thirty animals divided into five groups (n = 6) were fed: (1) Control diet (CD); (2) High-saturated fat diet (HSFD); (3) High-unsaturated fat diet (HUFD); (4) High-digestible starch diet, (HDSD); and (5) High-resistant starch diet (HRSD) during eight weeks...
May 2012: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
J L Westropp, J E Sykes, S Irom, J B Daniels, A Smith, D Keil, T Settje, Y Wang, D J Chew
BACKGROUND: Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) in dogs usually are treated with antimicrobial drugs for 10-14 days. Shorter duration antimicrobial regimens have been evaluated in human patients. HYPOTHESIS: A high dose short duration (HDSD) enrofloxacin protocol administered to dogs with uncomplicated UTI will not be inferior to a 14-day treatment regimen with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. ANIMALS: Client-owned adult, otherwise healthy dogs with aerobic bacterial urine culture yielding ≥ 10(3) CFU/mL of bacteria after cystocentesis...
May 2012: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
D E Katz, K C Lindfield, J N Steenbergen, D P Benziger, K J Blackerby, A G Knapp, W J Martone
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-susceptible and -resistant (MRSA) Staphylococcus aureus are significant causes of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI). The bactericidal antibiotic daptomycin is approved for gram-positive cSSSI at 4 mg/kg/day for 7-14 days, but the optimal dose level and duration of therapy have not been firmly established. This pilot study evaluated the efficacy and safety of daptomycin at 10 mg/kg every 24 h for 4 days [high-dose short duration (HDSD) regimen] vs...
September 2008: International Journal of Clinical Practice
J Conkin, S R Bedahl, H D Van Liew
This report describes a hypobaric decompression sickness databank (HDSD) for use with personal computers. The databank consolidates some of the decompression sickness (DCS) information that has accumulated from altitude chamber tests from 1942 to the present. The information was transcribed to a data collection form, screened for accuracy and duplication, and then added to the databank through a computer keyboard. The databank consists of two files; 63 fields contain details of the test conditions in the altitude chamber, the outcome of the test in terms of DCS and venous gas emboli, the physical characteristics of the group of subjects who underwent the test, and the denitrogenation procedures prior to decompression...
September 1992: Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
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