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Henrietta Ho, Yuan Shi, Jacqueline Chua, Yih-Chung Tham, Sing Hui Lim, Tin Aung, Tien Yin Wong, Ching-Yu Cheng
Importance: There is limited understanding of the associations between systemic medication use and intraocular pressure (IOP) in the general population. Objective: To examine the association between systemic medication use and IOP in a multiethnic Asian population. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this post hoc analysis of the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases study, a population-based study of 10 033 participants (78.7% response rate) from 3 racial/ethnic groups (Chinese [recruited from February 9, 2009, through December 19, 2011], Malays [recruited from August 16, 2004, though July 10, 2006], and Indians [recruited from May 21, 2007, through December 29, 2009]), participants with glaucoma, previous ocular surgery, or trauma and an IOP asymmetry greater than 5 mm Hg between eyes were excluded...
January 12, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
Manali Dutta, Santi M Mandal, Rupa Pegu, Sanjay Pratihar
The present work reports a PdII/AgI promoted amidoalkylation reaction involving various γ-hydroxy lactam and C/O/S nucleophile at room temperature. The dual mode of activation of both the electrophile and nucleophile by in-situ generated catalytically active cationic PdII species facilitate the reaction at room temperature. Amongst the synthesized isoindoline derivatives, three compounds are found to be active against vancomycin and methicillin resistant S. aureus strain with appreciable MIC value.
January 17, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Takayuki Yamamoto, Mitsuhiko Maesato, Naohisa Hirao, Saori I Kawaguchi, Shogo Kawaguchi, Yasuo Ohishi, Yoshiki Kubota, Hirokazu Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kitagawa
We performed variable-temperature synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction measurements and impedance spectroscopy under pressure for silver iodide (AgI) nanoparticles with a diameter of 11 nm. The superionic conducting α-phase of AgI nanoparticles was successfully stabilized down to at least 20 °C by applying a pressure of 0.18 GPa, whereas the transition temperature was 147 °C in bulk AgI at ambient pressure. To our knowledge, this is the first example of the α-phase of AgI existing stably at room temperature...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Shama F Barna, Kyle E Jacobs, Glennys A Mensing, Placid M Ferreira
This paper reports a liquid-free, mask-less electrochemical direct-write lithographic technique using an atomic force microscopy (AFM) probe for writing silver nanostructures in minutes on an optically transparent substrate. Under ambient conditions, silver is locally and controllably extracted to the surface of superionic (AgI)0.25 (AgPO3)0.75 glass by bringing a conductive AFM probe tip in contact with it, biasing the probe with a negative voltage, and regulating the resulting current. The growth mechanism of the resulting nanostructure is explored by extracting silver with a stationary AFM tip on the surface of the silver...
January 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
Ben R Saleem, Roelof J Beukinga, Ronald Boellaard, Andor W J M Glaudemans, Michel M P J Reijnen, Clark J Zeebregts, Riemer H J A Slart
BACKGROUND: The clinical problem in suspected aortoiliac graft infection (AGI) is to obtain proof of infection. Although (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography scanning (PET) has been suggested to play a pivotal role, an evidence-based interpretation is lacking. The objective of this retrospective study was to examine the feasibility and utility of (18)F-FDG uptake heterogeneity characterized by textural features to diagnose AGI. METHODS: Thirty patients with a history of aortic graft reconstruction who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT scanning were included...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Patrick Schuss, Alexis Hadjiathanasiou, Simon Brandecker, Ági Güresir, Valeri Borger, Christian Wispel, Hartmut Vatter, Erdem Güresir
INTRODUCTION: Favourable outcome in patients presenting with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is determined by several factors. Nevertheless, data on the influence of prior use of oral anticoagulation drugs on functional outcome in patients suffering from SAH is scarce. We therefore analyzed our institutional data. METHODS: From January 2009 to October 2015, 480 patients suffering from aneurysmal SAH were admitted to our institution. Information, including patient characteristics, treatment modality, aneurysm size and location, radiological features, and functional neurological outcome were assessed and further analyzed...
December 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Ranjeet Prasad Dash, R Jayachandra Babu, Nuggehally R Srinivas
1. Amidst the new strategies being developed for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with both established and newer therapies, alpha glucosidase inhibitors (AGIs) have found a place in several treatment protocols. 2. The objectives of the review were: (a) to compile and evaluate the various clinical pharmacokinetic drug interaction data for AGIs such as acarbose, miglitol and voglibose; (b) provide perspectives on the drug interaction data since it encompasses coadministered drugs in several key areas of comorbidity with T2DM...
January 19, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Maher A N Agi, Rohit Nishant
In this study, we establish a set of 19 influential factors on the implementation of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) practices and analyse the interaction between these factors and their effect on the implementation of GSCM practices using the Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) method and the "Matrice d'Impacts Croisés Multiplication Appliquée à un Classement" (MICMAC) analysis on data compiled from interviews with supply chain (SC) executives based in the Gulf countries (Middle East region). The study reveals a strong influence and driving power of the nature of the relationships between SC partners on the implementation of GSCM practices...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Cristina Besleaga, Laura Elena Abramiuc, Viorica Stancu, Andrei Gabriel Tomulescu, Marian Sima, Liliana Trinca, Neculai Plugaru, Lucian Pintilie, George Alexandru Nemnes, Mihaiela Iliescu, Halldor Gudfinnur Svavarsson, Andrei Manolescu, Ioana Pintilie
We monitored the evolution in time of pinhole-free structures based on FTO/TiO2/CH3NH3PbI2.6Cl0.4 layers, with and without spiro-OMeTAD and counter electrodes (Ag, Mo/Ag, and Au), aged at 24 °C in a dark nitrogen atmosphere. In the absence of electrodes, no degradation occurs. While devices with Au show only a 10% drop in power conversion efficiency, remaining stable after a further overheating at 70 °C, >90% is lost when using Ag, with the process being slower for Mo/Ag. We demonstrate that iodine is dislocated by the electric field between the electrodes, and this is an intrinsic cause for electromigration of I(-) from the perovskite until it reaches the anode...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Valerie H L Wong, Sai V C Vummaleti, Luigi Cavallo, Andrew J P White, Steven P Nolan, King Kuok Mimi Hii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Dan Xiao, Guangwei Geng, Penglei Chen, Tiesheng Li, Minghua Liu
Silver halide-based structures have been attracting great interest as efficient visible-light-driven photocatalysts towards the photodegradation of organic pollutants, and those studies focusing on their morphology-dependent catalytic performances have received particular attention. While great advancements in this regard have been witnessed in the past few years with respect to AgCl- and AgBr-based photocatalysts, relevant explorations concerning AgI-based species are relatively rare, even though the excellent durability of AgI-based structures renders them attractive candidates for potential photocatalytic uses...
December 21, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Fei Chen, Qi Yang, Jian Sun, Fubing Yao, Shana Wang, Yali Wang, Xiaolin Wang, Xiaoming Li, Chenggang Niu, Dongbo Wang, Guangming Zeng
Recently, visible-light-driven photocatalysis is of great interest in the environmental pollutant remediation. In the present study, a novel heterostructured photocatalyst AgI/BiVO4 was synthesized by an in situ precipitation procedure. The AgI/BiVO4 heterojunctions exhibited excellent photoactivity for the refractory pollutant (tetracycline (TC), a typical antibiotic) decomposition under visible light illumination. The synthetic sample with 1:4 mass ratio of AgI:BiVO4 possessed the highest photocatalytic performance in all of the as-prepared catalysts...
December 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Somayeh Talebi, Azam Bolhassani, Seyed Mehdi Sadat, Rouhollah Vahabpour, Elnaz Agi, Sepideh Shahbazi
BACKGROUND: High percentage of human cervical malignancy is related to human papillomavirus (HPV) infections. Thus, it is important to find novel non-invasive treatment strategies among various therapeutic HPV vaccines. In current study, we investigated the protective and therapeutic effects of DNA- and protein-based vaccines using HPV16 E7 as a model antigen in tumor mice model. In this line, the full length of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein as well as an HMGB1-derived short peptide (Hp91) was used as an adjuvant for stimulating adaptive immunity and developing the potency of these vaccines...
January 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Bahattin Aydogdu, Mehmet Hanifi Okur, Serkan Arslan, Mehmet Serif Arslan, Hikmet Zeytun, Erol Basuguy, Mustafa Icer, Cemil Goya, Ibrahim Uygun, Murat Kemal Cigdem, Abdurrahman Onen, Selcuk Otcu
PURPOSE: Adrenal gland injury (AGI) caused by trauma may cause bleeding and life-threatening problems in children.The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of AGI in final diagnoses of trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 458 patients with abdominal trauma (out of a total 8,200 pediatric patientswith trauma of any sort), who were referred to our clinic between January 2009 and July 2014, were reviewed retrospectively.The numbers of patients with AGI and their ages, gender, trauma patterns, affected organs, pediatrictrauma scores (PTSs), and injury severity scores (ISSs) were recorded, as well as the associated ultrasound (US)and tomographic scan data, treatments, and complications...
8, 2016: Urology Journal
Angel Terron, Blas Moreno-Vachiano, Antonio Bauza, Angel Garcia-Raso, Juan J Fiol, Miquel Barcelo-Oliver, Elies Molins, Antonio Frontera
The synthesis of a metalled double-helix containing exclusively silver-mediated C*-C* base pairs is reported herein (C* = N1hexylcytosine). Remarkably, it is the first crystal structure containing infinite and consecutive C*-AgI-C* base pairs that form a double helix. The AgI ion occupies the center between two C* residues with N(3)-Ag bond distances of 2.1 Å and short AgI-AgI distances (3.1 Å) suggesting an interesting argentophilic attraction as a stabilization source of the helical disposition. The solid state structure is further stabilized by metal-mediated base-pairs, hydrogen bonding and π-stacking interactions...
December 7, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Scott Seung W Choi, Chakra Budhathoki, Laura N Gitlin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate co-occurrences of agitation, aggression, and rejection of care in community-dwelling families living with dementia. METHODS: Cross-sectional, secondary analysis from a randomized controlled trial testing a nonpharmacological intervention to reduce behavioral symptoms. We examined frequency of occurrence of presenting behaviors at baseline and their combination. Omnibus tests compared those exhibiting combinations of behaviors on contributory factors...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Franz Duca, Caroline Zotter-Tufaro, Andreas A Kammerlander, Adelheid Panzenböck, Stefan Aschauer, Daniel Dalos, Benedikt Köll, Benedikt Börries, Hermine Agis, Renate Kain, Klaus Aumayr, Florian Klinglmüller, Julia Mascherbauer, Diana Bonderman
AIMS: Accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) is known to play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). However, its prognostic relevance is poorly investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 73 HF patients who underwent LV endomyocardial biopsy were enrolled in our study. ECM area was quantified by TissueFAXS and ImageJ software. Patients were followed-up at 6-month intervals. The study endpoint was defined as hospitalization for a cardiac reason and/or cardiac death...
November 27, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
Chris Medcraft, Dror M Bittner, David P Tew, Nicholas R Walker, Anthony C Legon
Complexes formed between H2S and each of CuI, AgI, and AuI have been isolated and structurally characterised in the gas phase. The H2S⋯MI complexes (where M is the metal atom) are generated through laser vaporisation of a metal rod in the presence of a low concentration of H2S and CF3I in a buffer gas of argon undergoing supersonic expansion. The microwave spectra of six isotopologues of each of H2S⋯CuI, H2S⋯AgI and three isotopologues of H2S⋯AuI have been measured by chirped-pulse Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Carmen de Keijzer, David Agis, Albert Ambrós, Gustavo Arévalo, Jose M Baldasano, Stefano Bande, Jose Barrera-Gómez, Joan Benach, Marta Cirach, Payam Dadvand, Stefania Ghigo, Èrica Martinez-Solanas, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Ennio Cadum, Xavier Basagaña
BACKGROUND: Air pollution exposure has been associated with an increase in mortality rates, but few studies have focused on life expectancy, and most studies had restricted spatial coverage. A limited body of evidence is also suggestive for a beneficial association between residential exposure to greenness and mortality, but the evidence for such an association with life expectancy is still very scarce. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of exposure to air pollution and greenness with mortality and life expectancy in Spain...
November 18, 2016: Environment International
Makoto Tanabe, Ryouhei Yumoto, Tetsuyuki Yamada, Tomoko Fukuta, Tsuyoshi Hoshino, Kohtaro Osakada, Tomoaki Tanase
A heterobimetallic PtPd3 complex supported by three bridging diphenylsilylene ligands, [Pt{Pd(dmpe)}3 (μ3 -SiPh2 )3 ] (1, dmpe=1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane), has been synthesized from mononuclear Pd and Pt complexes. The hexagonal core composed of Pt, Pd, and Si atoms is slightly larger than that of the tetrapalladium complex, [Pd{Pd(dmpe)}3 (μ3 -SiPh2 )3 ] (2). Reaction of PhSiH3 with complex 1 in the presence and absence of Ph2 SiH2 results in the formation of a tetranuclear complex with silyl and hydride ligands at the Pt center, [PtH(SiPh2 H){Pd(dmpe)}3 (μ3 -SiHPh)3 ] (3), and an octanuclear complex, [{Pt{Pd(dmpe)}3 (μ3 -SiHPh)3 }2 (κ(2) -dmpe)] (5), respectively...
November 19, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
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