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Neuroglobin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103511/neuroglobin-functions-as-a-prognostic-marker-and-promotes-the-tumor-growth-of-glioma-via-suppressing-apoptosis
#1
Bei Zhang, Mingze Chang, Juanhong Wang, Yong Liu
Neuroglobin (Ngb) has been reported to be upregulated by hypoxia and plays an anti-apoptotic function. Previous studies have reported that Ngb is expressed in human glioblastoma cells and up-regulated in hypoxic microregions of glioblastoma tumor xenografts. While, the clinical significance of Ngb and its function in human glioma keep unknown. Ngb expression was analyzed in 86 glioma tissues and 20 normal brain tissues. Results showed that Ngb was significantly overexpressed in glioma tissues compared to normal brain tissues...
January 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056323/-the-role-of-neuroglobin-in-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-and-reoxygenation-induced-mitochondrial-depolarization-and-reactive-oxygen-species-production-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#2
S Y Deng, Y H Ai, L N Zhang, L Wu, C X Chen, Y M Wang, Z Y Liu, L Huang, Q Y Peng
Objective: To investigate the role of neuroglobin (NGB) in oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) induced mitochondrial depolarization and reactive oxygen species (ROS)production in a human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y). Methods: SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with lentivirus to establish a stable cell line of NGB knockdown (KD). After treated with OGD/R, cells were collected at different time points to analyze NGB mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, cells were stained with JC-1 and DCFH-DA to evaluate mitochondrial depolarization and ROS production by inverted fluorescence microscope...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957684/huntingtin-polyq-mutation-impairs-the-17%C3%AE-estradiol-neuroglobin-pathway-devoted-to-neuron-survival
#3
Maria Teresa Nuzzo, Marco Fiocchetti, Pierangela Totta, Mariarosa A B Melone, Antonella Cardinale, Francesca R Fusco, Stefano Gustincich, Francesca Persichetti, Paolo Ascenzi, Maria Marino
Among several mechanisms underlying the well-known trophic and protective effects of 17β-estradiol (E2) in the brain, we recently reported that E2 induces the up-regulation of two anti-apoptotic and neuroprotectant proteins: huntingtin (HTT) and neuroglobin (NGB). Here, we investigate the role of this up-regulation. The obtained results indicate that E2 promotes NGB-HTT association, induces the localization of the complex at the mitochondria, and protects SK-N-BE neuroblastoma cells and murine striatal cells, which express wild-type HTT (i...
December 12, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951646/phe28-b10-induces-channel-forming-cytotoxic-amyloid-fibrillation-in-human-neuroglobin-the-brain-specific-hemoglobin
#4
Sheetal Uppal, Amit Kumar Singh, Richa Arya, Debanjan Tewari, Neha Jaiswal, Abhijeet Kapoor, Amal Kanti Bera, Alo Nag, Suman Kundu
Since its discovery, neuroglobin (Ngb), a neuron-specific oxygen binding hemoglobin, distinct from the classical myoglobin and blood hemoglobin, has attracted attention as an endogenous neuroprotectant. Recent reports suggest that Ngb protects neurons from brain stroke, ischemic stress-induced degeneration, and other brain disorders. Proteins with a specific role in neuroprotection are often associated with neurodegeneration, as well, depending on the cellular environment or specific cellular triggers that tilt the balance one way or the other...
December 13, 2016: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928027/five-coordinate-h64q-neuroglobin-as-a-ligand-trap-antidote-for-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#5
Ivan Azarov, Ling Wang, Jason J Rose, Qinzi Xu, Xueyin N Huang, Andrea Belanger, Ying Wang, Lanping Guo, Chen Liu, Kamil B Ucer, Charles F McTiernan, Christopher P O'Donnell, Sruti Shiva, Jesús Tejero, Daniel B Kim-Shapiro, Mark T Gladwin
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a leading cause of poisoning deaths worldwide, with no available antidotal therapy. We introduce a potential treatment paradigm for CO poisoning, based on near-irreversible binding of CO by an engineered human neuroglobin (Ngb). Ngb is a six-coordinate hemoprotein, with the heme iron coordinated by two histidine residues. We mutated the distal histidine to glutamine (H64Q) and substituted three surface cysteines with less reactive amino acids to form a five-coordinate heme protein (Ngb-H64Q-CCC)...
December 7, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867483/brain-globins-in-physiology-and-pathology
#6
REVIEW
Luo-Kun Xie, Shao-Hua Yang
Globins are globular proteins for either transport or storage of oxygen which are critical for cellular metabolism. Four globins have been identified in rodent and human brains. Among them, neuroglobin, cytoglobin and hemoglobin chains are constitutively expressed in normal brain, while myoglobin is only expressed in some neurological disorders. Studies on the molecular structure, expression and functional features of these brain globins indicated that they may play crucial roles in maintenance of neural cell survival and activity, including neurons and astrocytes...
July 2016: Medical Gas Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852417/-influences-of-dna-methylation-upon-neuroglobin-sustained-expression-in-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-model
#7
L N Zhang, S B Hu, S Y Deng, C X Chen, L Wu, Q Y Peng, L Huang, Y H Ai
Objective: To investigate the influences of genomic DNA methylation upon neuroglobin sustained expression in oxygen- glucose deprivation model. Methods: With A549 cell strain as the research object, the control group were cultivated in the complete medium containing 10 μmol/L of 5-azacytidine for 4 days, and the control group was cultivated in the complete medium for 4 days.Then carried out oxygen glucose deprivation treatment for 4 h.Detecting neuroglobin expression, DNA methyltransferase expression, cell inhibition ratio and DNA methylation level at different time points...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825818/neuroglobin-from-structure-to-function-in-health-and-disease
#8
REVIEW
Paolo Ascenzi, Alessandra di Masi, Loris Leboffe, Marco Fiocchetti, Maria Teresa Nuzzo, Maurizio Brunori, Maria Marino
In 2000, the third member of the globin family was discovered in human and mouse brain and named neuroglobin (Ngb). Ngb is a monomeric 3/3 globin structurally similar to myoglobin and to the α- and β-chains of hemoglobin, however it displays a bis-histidyl six-coordinate heme-Fe atom. Therefore, ligand binding to the Ngb metal center is limited from the dissociation of the distal His(E7)64-Fe bond. From its discovery, more than 500 papers on Ngb structure, expression, reactivity, and localization have been published to highlight its biochemical properties and its role(s) in health and disease...
December 2016: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809238/neuroglobin-a-factor-playing-for-nerve-cell-survival
#9
REVIEW
Diego Guidolin, Cinzia Tortorella, Manuela Marcoli, Guido Maura, Luigi F Agnati
Cell death represents the final outcome of several pathological conditions of the central nervous system and available evidence suggests that in both acute injuries and neurodegenerative diseases it is often associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus, the possibility to prevent mitochondrial events involved in cell death might represent efficient tools to limit neuronal damage. In recent years, increased attention has been paid to the endogenous protein neuroglobin, since accumulating evidence showed that its high expression was associated with preserved mitochondrial function and to an increased survival of nerve cells in vitro and in vivo in a variety of experimental models of cell insult...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787886/neuroglobin-protects-astroglial-cells-from-hydrogen-peroxide-induced-oxidative-stress-and-apoptotic-cell-death
#10
Fatma Amri, Ikram Ghouili, Mohamed Amri, Alice Carrier, Olfa Masmoudi-Kouki
Oxidative stress, resulting from accumulation of reactive oxygen species, plays a critical role in astroglial cell death occurring in diverse neuropathological conditions. Numerous studies indicate that neuroglobin (Ngb) promotes neuron survival, but nothing is known regarding the action of Ngb in astroglial cell survival. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the potential glioprotective effect of Ngb on hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in cultured mouse astrocytes...
January 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678372/the-novel-thiosemicarbazone-di-2-pyridylketone-4-cyclohexyl-4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone-dpc-inhibits-neuroblastoma-growth-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-via-multiple-mechanisms
#11
Zhu-Ling Guo, Des R Richardson, Danuta S Kalinowski, Zaklina Kovacevic, Kian Cheng Tan-Un, Godfrey Chi-Fung Chan
BACKGROUND: Neuroblastoma is a relatively common and highly belligerent childhood tumor with poor prognosis by current therapeutic approaches. A novel anti-cancer agent of the di-2-pyridylketone thiosemicarbazone series, namely di-2-pyridylketone 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT), demonstrates promising anti-tumor activity. Recently, a second-generation analogue, namely di-2-pyridylketone 4-cyclohexyl-4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (DpC), has entered multi-center clinical trials for the treatment of advanced and resistant tumors...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672379/protection-by-neuroglobin-expression-in-brain-pathologies
#12
REVIEW
Eliana Baez, Valentina Echeverria, Ricardo Cabezas, Marco Ávila-Rodriguez, Luis Miguel Garcia-Segura, George E Barreto
Astrocytes play an important role in physiological, metabolic, and structural functions, and when impaired, they can be involved in various pathologies including Alzheimer, focal ischemic stroke, and traumatic brain injury. These disorders involve an imbalance in the blood flow and nutrients such as glucose and lactate, leading to biochemical and molecular changes that cause neuronal damage, which is followed by loss of cognitive and motor functions. Previous studies have shown that astrocytes are more resilient than neurons during brain insults as a consequence of their more effective antioxidant systems, transporters, and enzymes, which made them less susceptible to excitotoxicity...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661977/role-of-reversible-histidine-coordination-in-hydroxylamine-reduction-by-plant-hemoglobins-phytoglobins
#13
Navjot Singh Athwal, Jagannathan Alagurajan, Amy H Andreotti, Mark S Hargrove
Reduction of hydroxylamine to ammonium by phytoglobin, a plant hexacoordinate hemoglobin, is much faster than that of other hexacoordinate hemoglobins or pentacoordinate hemoglobins such as myoglobin, leghemoglobin, and red blood cell hemoglobin. The reason for differences in reactivity is not known but could be intermolecular electron transfer between protein molecules in support of the required two-electron reduction, hydroxylamine binding, or active site architecture favoring the reaction. Experiments were conducted with phytoglobins from rice, tomato, and soybean along with human neuroglobin and soybean leghemoglobin that reveal hydroxylamine binding as the rate-limiting step...
October 5, 2016: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651453/identification-of-a-novel-distal-regulatory-element-of-the-human-neuroglobin-gene-by-the-chromosome-conformation-capture-approach
#14
Kin Tung Tam, Ping Kei Chan, Wei Zhang, Pui Pik Law, Zhipeng Tian, Godfrey Chi Fung Chan, Sjaak Philipsen, Richard Festenstein, Kian Cheng Tan-Un
Neuroglobin (NGB) is predominantly expressed in the brain and retina. Studies suggest that NGB exerts protective effects to neuronal cells and is implicated in reducing the severity of stroke and Alzheimer's disease. However, little is known about the mechanisms which regulate the cell type-specific expression of the gene. In this study, we hypothesized that distal regulatory elements (DREs) are involved in optimal expression of the NGB gene. By chromosome conformation capture we identified two novel DREs located -70 kb upstream and +100 kb downstream from the NGB gene...
January 9, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637274/redox-and-peroxidase-activities-of-the-hemoglobin-superfamily-relevancy-to-health-and-disease
#15
Brandon Jon Reeder
<i>Significance:</i> Erythrocyte hemoglobin and myocyte myoglobin, although primarily oxygen carrying proteins, have the capacity to do redox chemistry. Such redox activity in the wider family of globins now appears to have important associations with the mechanisms of cell stress response. In turn an understanding of such mechanisms <i>in vivo</i> may have a potential in the understanding of cancer therapy resistance and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's. <i>Recent Advances:</i> There has been an enhanced understanding of the redox chemistry of the globin superfamily in recent years, leading to advances in development of hemoglobin-based blood substitutes and in hypotheses relating to specific disease mechanisms...
September 16, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542528/critical-re-evaluation-of-neuroglobin-expression-reveals-conserved-patterns-among-mammals
#16
Andrej Fabrizius, Daniel Andre, Tilmann Laufs, Anne Bicker, Stefan Reuss, Elena Porto, Thorsten Burmester, Thomas Hankeln
Neuroglobin (Ngb) is a respiratory protein that is almost exclusively expressed in the vertebrate nervous system. Despite many years of research, the exact function and even the expression sites of Ngb are still a matter of debate. However, to investigate hypotheses surrounding the potential roles of Ngb, a detailed knowledge of its major and minor expression sites is indispensable. We have therefore evaluated Ngb expression by extensive bioinformatic analysis using publicly available transcriptome data (RNA-Seq)...
August 16, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512111/unusual-diversity-of-myoglobin-genes-in-the-lungfish
#17
Jonas Koch, Julia Lüdemann, Rieke Spies, Marco Last, Chris T Amemiya, Thorsten Burmester
Myoglobin is a respiratory protein that serves as a model system in a variety of biological fields. Its main function is to deliver and store O2 in the heart and skeletal muscles, but myoglobin is also instrumental in homeostasis of nitric oxide (NO) and detoxification of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Almost every vertebrate harbors a single myoglobin gene; only some cyprinid fishes have two recently duplicated myoglobin genes. Here we show that the West African lungfish Protopterus annectens has at least seven distinct myoglobin genes (PanMb1-7), which diverged early in the evolution of lungfish and showed an enhanced evolutionary rate...
December 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495984/remote-ischemic-preconditioning-improves-post-resuscitation-cerebral-function-via-overexpressing-neuroglobin-after-cardiac-arrest-in-rats
#18
Ran Fan, Tao Yu, Jia-Li Lin, Guang-Dong Ren, Yi Li, Xiao-Xing Liao, Zi-Tong Huang, Chong-Hui Jiang
In this study, we investigated the effects of remote ischemic preconditioning on post resuscitation cerebral function in a rat model of cardiac arrest and resuscitation. The animals were randomized into six groups: 1) sham operation, 2) lateral ventricle injection and sham operation, 3) cardiac arrest induced by ventricular fibrillation, 4) lateral ventricle injection and cardiac arrest, 5) remote ischemic preconditioning initiated 90min before induction of ventricular fibrillation, and 6) lateral ventricle injection and remote ischemic preconditioning before cardiac arrest...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445795/testosterone-protects-mitochondrial-function-and-regulates-neuroglobin-expression-in-astrocytic-cells-exposed-to-glucose-deprivation
#19
Nicolas Toro-Urrego, Luis M Garcia-Segura, Valentina Echeverria, George E Barreto
Testosterone is a hormone that has been shown to confer neuroprotection from different insults affecting the central nervous system (CNS). Testosterone induces this protection by different mechanisms that include the activation of anti-apoptotic pathways that are directly implicated in neuronal survival. However, little attention has been devoted to its actions on glial cells. In the present study, we have assessed whether testosterone exerts protection in a human astrocyte cell model, the T98G cells. Our results indicate that testosterone improves cell survival and mitochondrial membrane potential and reduces nuclear fragmentation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441981/evaluation-of-globins-expression-in-brain-heart-and-lung-in-rats-exposed-to-side-stream-cigarette-smoke
#20
Barbara Tae, Kelen Carneiro Oliveira, Rodrigo Rodrigues da Conceição, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Janaina Sena de Souza, Roberto Laureano-Melo, Monica Akemi Sato, Rui Monteiro de Barros Maciel, Gisele Giannocco
The side stream cigarette smoke (SSCS) is a contributing factor in the pathogenesis of cigarette smoking-induced toxicity. Hemoglobin (Hb), myoglobin (Mb), neuroglobin (Ngb), and cytoglobin (Cygb) are globins with different distributions and functions in the tissues and have similar actions by providing O2 (oxygen) for respiratory chain, detoxification of ROS and nitric oxide (NO), and protect tissues against irreversible lesions. We aimed to investigate the effects of SSCS exposure on gene and protein expression of Ngb, Cygb, and Mb in different tissue...
July 21, 2016: Environmental Toxicology
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