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Perioperative chemotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433225/adjuvant-chemotherapy-is-associated-with-improved-survival-in-locally-invasive-node-negative-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Usman Ahmad, Traves D Crabtree, Aalok P Patel, Daniel Morgensztern, Cliff G Robinson, A Sasha Krupnick, Daniel Kreisel, David R Jones, G Alexander Patterson, Bryan F Meyers, Varun Puri
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to explore factors that are associated with use of adjuvant chemotherapy and to evaluate its impact on overall survival in node-negative patients who undergo lung and chest wall resection for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients who underwent concomitant lung and chest wall resection for NSCLC were abstracted from the National Cancer Database. Clinical, pathologic, treatment, and follow-up data were obtained...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426465/neoadjuvant-treatment-a-novel-standard
#2
Sandro Pasquali, Elena Palassini, Silvia Stacchiotti, Paolo G Casali, Alessandro Gronchi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to summarize developments in the adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy of high-risk adult-type soft tissue sarcomas (STS). RECENT FINDINGS: The role of adjuvant/neaodjuvant chemotherapy in these patients is controversial, with a meta-analysis suggesting a 10% survival benefit. Recently, a randomized controlled trial in high-risk STS of extremities and trunk wall showed a 20% improvement in progression-free and overall survival after three preoperative cycles of epirubicin along with ifosfamide compared with a histology-tailored chemotherapy...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426374/perioperative-hepatic-arterial-infusion-pump-chemotherapy-is-associated-with-longer-survival-after-resection-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-propensity-score-analysis
#3
Bas Groot Koerkamp, Eran Sadot, Nancy E Kemeny, Mithat Gönen, Julie N Leal, Peter J Allen, Andrea Cercek, Ronald P DeMatteo, T Peter Kingham, William R Jarnagin, Michael I D'Angelica
Purpose To investigate whether perioperative hepatic arterial infusion pump chemotherapy (HAI) was associated with overall survival (OS) in patients who had a complete resection of colorectal liver metastases (CLM). Methods Patients who underwent a complete resection of CLM between 1992 and 2012 were included from a single-center prospectively maintained database. All patients who received HAI also received perioperative systemic chemotherapy. Propensity score analysis was used to match patients for seven known prognostic factors...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424936/preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-versus-perioperative-chemotherapy-for-patients-with-resectable-esophageal-or-gastroesophageal-junction-adenocarcinoma
#4
M C J Anderegg, P C van der Sluis, J P Ruurda, S S Gisbertz, M C C M Hulshof, M van Vulpen, N Haj Mohammed, H W M van Laarhoven, M J Wiezer, M Los, M I van Berge Henegouwen, R van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND: This study compares neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) with perioperative chemotherapy (pCT) for patients with resectable esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma in terms of toxicity, postoperative complications, pathologic response, and survival. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed and compared 313 patients with resectable esophageal or GEJ adenocarcinoma treated with either nCRT (carboplatin/paclitaxel 41.4 Gy, n = 176) or pCT (epirubicin, cisplatin and capecitabine, n = 137)...
April 19, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419692/associating-liver-partition-and-portal-vein-ligation-for-staged-hepatectomy-after-pre-operative-chemotherapy
#5
Florian W R Vondran, Felix Oldhafer, Kristina I Ringe, Thomas C Wirth, Moritz Kleine, Mark D Jäger, Juergen Klempnauer, Hueseyin Bektas
BACKGROUND: Recently a procedure termed 'Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy' (ALPPS) was developed to increase the resectability of marginally resectable or locally unresectable liver tumours. This study focused on the application of ALPPS in patients with advanced colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) and pre-operative chemotherapy, with the aim to investigate whether the latter still allows for sufficient hypertrophy of the future liver remnant (FLR) following the first step of ALPPS...
April 16, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419679/assessing-the-survival-impact-of-perioperative-opioid-consumption-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-cytoreductive-surgery-with-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#6
Pascal Owusu-Agyemang, Andrea Hayes-Jordan, Antoinette Van Meter, Uduak U Williams, Acsa M Zavala, Ravish Kapoor, Shannon M Popovich, Elizabeth Rebello, Lei Feng, Juan P Cata
BACKGROUND: Several studies in adult patients have suggested an unfavorable association between opioid consumption and cancer progression. AIMS: This study investigated the impact of opioid consumption on the survival of children and adolescents undergoing cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients <19 years who had undergone cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy was performed...
April 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409831/postoperative-complications-affect-long-term-outcomes-after-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-colorectal-peritoneal-carcinomatosis
#7
Lawrence Lee, Fanny Alie-Cusson, Pierre Dubé, Lucas Sideris
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Morbidity after cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS + HIPEC) for colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) may negatively affect survival. The objective was to determine the impact of postoperative complications (CX) on survival in patients undergoing CRS + HIPEC for colorectal PC. METHODS: All patients undergoing laparotomy for planned CRS + HIPEC for colorectal PC at a single institution from 1999 to 2014 were included...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407261/nationwide-trends-and-outcomes-associated-with-neoadjuvant-therapy-in-pancreatic-cancer-an-analysis-of-18%C3%A2-243-patients
#8
Linda M Youngwirth, Daniel P Nussbaum, Samantha Thomas, Mohamed A Adam, Dan G Blazer, Sanziana A Roman, Julie A Sosa
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant therapy has theoretical benefits for pancreatic cancer; however, its association with perioperative outcomes remains controversial. This study sought to evaluate variation in use of neoadjuvant therapy and outcomes following pancreatic resection. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base (1998-2011) was queried for patients with Stage I or II pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy. Subjects were classified by use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386965/perioperative-chemotherapy-versus-postoperative-chemoradiotherapy-in-patients-with-resectable-gastric-gastroesophageal-junction-adenocarcinomas-a-survival-analysis-of-5058-patients
#9
Timothy L Fitzgerald, Jimmy T Efird, Nelly Bellamy, Suzanne M Russo, Charulata Jindal, Catalina Mosquera, Elizabeth G Holliday, Tithi Biswas
BACKGROUND: Both perioperative chemotherapy (PECT) and postoperative chemoradiotherapy (POCRT) have a significant survival advantage over surgery alone for the treatment of patients with gastric cancer. However, to the best of our knowledge, these regimens have not been compared in a randomized clinical trial. The purpose of the current observational study was to compare overall survival among patients receiving PECT versus POCRT for the treatment of gastric/gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinomas...
April 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384630/esophageal-cancer-new-insights-into-a-heterogenous-disease
#10
Sebastian Krug, Patrick Michl
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer represents a heterogeneous malignancy mostly diagnosed in advanced stages. Worldwide, squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) continue to be the most prevalent subtype; however, in the Western countries, the incidence of adenocarcinomas is increasing and will exceed that of SCC in the near future. During the last decade, several landmark trials contributed to a better understanding of the disease and emphasized the importance of multimodal treatment protocols. SUMMARY: With the introduction of perioperative or neoadjuvant approaches, the survival of both subtypes of esophageal cancer has significantly improved...
April 7, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383447/timing-of-systemic-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-colorectal-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-treated-with-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#11
Wijntje J van Eden, Niels F Kok, Katarzyna Jóźwiak, Max L Lahaye, Geerard L Beets, Monique E van Leerdam, Henk Boot, Arend G Aalbers
BACKGROUND: Timing of systemic chemotherapy in patients with colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis treated with cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy is controversial. Preoperative systemic chemotherapy may offer benefits. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of timing of systemic chemotherapy on survival. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary referral center...
May 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383367/laparoscopy-compared-with-laparotomy-for-debulking-ovarian-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy
#12
Alexander Melamed, Roni Nitecki, David M Boruta, Marcela G Del Carmen, Rachel M Clark, Whitfield B Growdon, Annekathryn Goodman, John O Schorge, J Alejandro Rauh-Hain
OBJECTIVE: To compare 3-year survival, length of hospitalization, perioperative mortality, risk of readmission, and residual disease associated with laparoscopic and laparotomic interval debulking surgery among women with epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: We used the National Cancer Database to identify a cohort of patients diagnosed with stage IIIC and IV epithelial ovarian cancer between 2010 and 2012 who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy and interval debulking surgery...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366762/still-a-role-for-surgery-as-first-line-therapy-of-splenic-marginal-zone-lymphoma-results-of-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Giacomo Pata, Michele Bartoli, Enrico Damiani, Stefano Solari, Antonella Anastasia, Chiara Pagani, Alessandra Tucci
AIM: Assessment of hematologic improvement, survival and peri-operative morbidity after first-line splenectomy for splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL). METHODS: Forty-three patients undergoing open splenectomy were prospectively analyzed. Perioperative clinical course, overall and progression-free survival (OS-PFS) were evaluated. Risk factors analyzed were gender, age, ASA-grade, ECOG performance status, presence of B-symptoms, body mass index, steroidal treatment, serum albumin concentration, IIL-score, operative time, spleen size and weight...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365962/outcomes-of-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hipec-for-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-of-appendiceal-origin-from-two-indian-centers-a-preliminary-five-year-experience
#14
Aditi Bhatt, Deepak Sheshadri, Garud Chandan, Veena Ramaswamy, Jeegeshwar Pandey, Nitin Bhorkar, Deepesh Agrawal, Sanket Mehta
PURPOSE: To evaluate the short-term outcomes of patients of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) of appendiceal origin treated with cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) at two tertiary Indian centers. METHODS: Data was prospectively collected from January 2011 to January 2016. Palliative procedures were excluded. HIPEC was performed by the coliseum technique using either a mitomycin or oxaliplatin-based regimen. RESULTS: 77 procedures were performed on 71 patients...
January 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358587/a-novel-curative-treatment-strategy-for-patients-with-lower-grade-rectal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-chemoreduction-combined-with-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery
#15
Xianlin Han, Jing Xu, Huizhong Qiu, Guole Lin
BACKGROUND: A multimodal treatment has been applied for patients with rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) that represents 5% of the total localization. Meanwhile, transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) offers a minimally invasive method for full-thickness tumor excision with negative margins and low morbidity. We report the single most extensive analysis of data from China to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the procedure combined with neoadjuvant imatinib therapy to treat patients with rectal GISTs...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355754/-colorectal-resection-combined-with-simultaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-in-the-treatment-of-synchronous-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-retrospective-analysis
#16
Y L Guo, Z H Tong, X Xu, Y Zhao, J W Liu, H G Wang, G L Dong
Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of colorectal resection combined with simultaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of synchronous colorectal liver metastases(SCRLM). Methods: This retrospective study involved the patients admitted between January 1st 2010 and September 1st 2013. A total of 20 patients who underwent colorectal resection combined with simultaneous RFA of SCRLM were enrolled. Those patients (RFA group) were matched with 20 patients (Resection group) who underwent simultaneous resections of colorectal cancer and SCRLM based on the propensity scores...
March 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337660/topgear-a-randomized-phase-iii-trial-of-perioperative-ecf-chemotherapy-with-or-without-preoperative-chemoradiation-for-resectable-gastric-cancer-interim-results-from-an-international-intergroup-trial-of-the-agitg-trog-eortc-and-cctg
#17
Trevor Leong, B Mark Smithers, Karin Haustermans, Michael Michael, Val Gebski, Danielle Miller, John Zalcberg, Alex Boussioutas, Michael Findlay, Rachel L O'Connell, Jaclyn Verghis, David Willis, Tomas Kron, Melissa Crain, William K Murray, Florian Lordick, Carol Swallow, Gail Darling, John Simes, Rebecca Wong
BACKGROUND: Postoperative chemoradiation and perioperative chemotherapy using epirubicin/cisplatin/5-fluorouracil (ECF) represent two standards of care for resectable gastric cancer. In the TOPGEAR (Trial Of Preoperative therapy for Gastric and Esophagogastric junction AdenocaRcinoma) trial, we hypothesized that adding preoperative chemoradiation to perioperative ECF will improve survival; however, the safety and feasibility of preoperative chemoradiation have yet to be determined. METHODS: TOPGEAR is an international phase III trial in which patients with adenocarcinoma of the stomach were randomized to perioperative ECF alone or with preoperative chemoradiation...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337360/perioperative-epirubicin-oxaliplatin-and-capecitabine-chemotherapy-in-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer-safety-and-feasibility-in-an-interim-survival-analysis
#18
Vikas Ostwal, Arvind Sahu, Anant Ramaswamy, Bhawna Sirohi, Subhadeep Bose, Vikas Talreja, Mahesh Goel, Shraddha Patkar, Ashwin Desouza, Shailesh V Shrikhande
PURPOSE: Perioperative chemotherapy improves survival outcomes in locally advanced (LA) gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with LA gastric cancer who were offered perioperative chemotherapy consisting of epirubicin, oxaliplatin, and capecitabine (EOX) from May 2013 to December 2015 at Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai. RESULTS: Among the 268 consecutive patients in our study, 260 patients (97.0%) completed neoadjuvant chemotherapy, 200 patients (74...
March 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336807/pmp22-regulates-self-renewal-and-chemoresistance-of-gastric-cancer-cells
#19
Wangyu Cai, Gang Chen, Qicong Luo, Jun Liu, Xiaofeng Guo, Tian Zhang, Fei Ma, Liang Yuan, Boan Li, Jianchun Cai
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) possess self-renewal and chemoresistance activities. However, the manner in which these features are maintained remains obscure. We sought to identify cell surface protein(s) that mark self-renewing and chemoresistant gastric cancer cells using the Explorer Antibody Microarray. We identified PMP22, a target gene of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, as the most upregulated cell surface protein in gastric cancer xenografts exposed to cisplatin (DDP). PMP22 expression was markedly upregulated in tumorspheric cells and declined with differentiation...
March 23, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332057/the-impact-of-operative-approach-on-postoperative-complications-following-colectomy-for-colon-caner
#20
Benedetto Mungo, Christina M Papageorge, Miloslawa Stem, Daniela Molena, Anne O Lidor
BACKGROUND: Colectomy is one of the most common major abdominal procedures performed in the USA. A better understanding of risk factors and the effect of operative approach on adverse postoperative outcomes may significantly improve quality of care. METHODS: Adult patients with a primary diagnosis of colon cancer undergoing colectomy were selected from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2013-2015 targeted colectomy database. Patients were stratified into five groups based on specific operative approach...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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