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Perioperative chemotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229205/-spectrum-of-pathogens-in-postoperative-complications-of-visceral-surgery-the-problem-of-multidrug-resistance
#1
A Kramer, J Pochhammer, P Walger, U Seifert, M Ruhnke, J C Harnoss
In general surgery the etiology of surgical site infections has not significantly changed over the last 30 years. Gram-positive bacteria, e.g. coagulase negative staphylococci (CNS), Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus spp. as well as Gram-negative bacteria, e.g. Escherichia coli, Enterobacter spp., Klebsiella spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, are the most common findings. Although in general surgery 10% of the S. aureus causing postoperative wound infections were methicillin resistant (MRSA), no cases of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative (MRGN) bacteria were reported...
February 22, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228199/the-efficacy-of-dextran-40-as-a-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-strategy-in-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy
#2
Jason M Foster, Richard Sleightholm, Duncan Watley, Steven Wahlmeier, Asish Patel
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in peritoneal malignancies can approach 30 to 50 per cent without prophylaxis. Prophylaxis in cytoreductive surgeries (CRS) presents a challenge to preoperative heparin-based therapy because of an increased risk of coagulopathy and potential for bleeding. Herein, we report the large series of CRS and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy receiving dextran-40 prophylaxis. Retrospective chart review of peritoneal malignancies patients undergoing CRS at University of Nebraska Medical Center identified 69 individuals who received dextran-40 between 2010 and 2013...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224201/dexmedetomidine-protects-against-cisplatin-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-mice-through-regulating-apoptosis-and-inflammation
#3
H Liang, H-Z Liu, H-B Wang, J-Y Zhong, C-X Yang, B Zhang
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy has been widely used in the perioperative period of cancer surgery, which exacerbates the risk of renal injury. In this study, we examined whether dexmedetomidine (DEX), a commonly used anesthetic adjuvant, shows a protective effect against cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury. MATERIALS: Acute kidney injury in mice was induced by cisplatin. TREATMENTS: Mice were administered with DEX 25 μg/kg or atipamezole 250 μg/kg (once a day, for 3 days) after cisplatin treatment...
February 21, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223182/minimally-invasive-surgical-staging-in-early-stage-ovarian-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Giorgio Bogani, Chiara Borghi, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Antonino Ditto, Mauro Signorelli, Fabio Martinelli, Valentina Chiappa, Carlos Lopez, Ilaria Sabatucci, Cono Scaffa, Alice Indini, Simone Ferrero, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
Few studies investigated the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for the treatment of early stage epithelial ovarian cancer (eEOC). In this context, we aimed to review the current evidence comparing laparoscopy and laparotomic approach for staging procedures in eEOC This systematic review was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Review. Overall, 3,065 patients were included: 1,450 undergoing laparoscopy and 1,615 undergoing laparotomic staging. Patients undergoing laparoscopy experienced a longer (but not statistically significant) operative time (WMD: 28...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216170/-thymomectomy-by-minimally-invasive-surgery-comparative-study-videosurgery-versus-robot-assisted-surgery
#5
A Witte Pfister, J-M Baste, N Piton, M Bubenheim, J Melki, A Wurtz, C Peillon
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of minimally invasive surgery in patients with stage I or II thymoma in the Masaoka classification. The reference technique is partial or complete thymectomy by sternotonomy. METHODS: A retrospective single-center study of a prospective database including all cases of thymoma operated from April 2009 to February 2015 by minimally invasive techniques: either videosurgery (VATS) or robot-assisted surgery (RATS). The surgical technique, type of resection, length of hospital stay, postoperative complications and recurrences were analysed...
February 16, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214556/isolated-limb-infusion-as-a-limb-salvage-strategy-for-locally-advanced-extremity-sarcoma
#6
John E Mullinax, Hidde M Kroon, John F Thompson, Neel Nath, Paul J Mosca, Jeffrey M Farma, Rajendra Bhati, Danielle Hardmann, Sean Sileno, Cristina O'Donoghue, Matthew Perez, Syeda Mahrukh Hussnain Naqvi, Y Ann Chen, Ricardo J Gonzalez, Jonathan S Zager
INTRO: Treatment-resistant, locally advanced soft tissue sarcomas (STS) often require amputation for complete tumor extirpation. Isolated limb infusion (ILI) selectively delivers high-dose chemotherapy to the extremity in an attempt to achieve limb salvage The aim of this study is to report perioperative and oncological outcomes after ILI in patients with extremity STS. METHODS: From 1994-2016, 77 patients underwent 84 ILI's at a total of 5 institutions. Melphalan and actinomycin D were circulated for 30 minutes after complete tourniquet occlusion of the limb, then actively washed out to prevent systemic exposure...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203556/complete-mesocolic-excision-in-right-hemicolectomy-comparison-between-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-and-open-approaches
#7
Qin-Song Sheng, Zhe Pan, Jin Chai, Xiao-Bin Cheng, Fan-Long Liu, Jin-Hai Wang, Wen-Bin Chen, Jian-Jiang Lin
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility, safety, and technical strategies of hand-assisted laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (HAL-CME) and to compare oncological outcomes between HAL-CME and the open approach (O-CME) for right colon cancers. METHODS: Patients who were scheduled to undergo a right hemicolectomy were divided into HAL-CME and O-CME groups. Measured outcomes included demographic variables, perioperative parameters, and follow-up data. Demographic variables included age, sex distribution, body mass index (BMI), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status classification, previous abdominal surgery, tumor localization, and potential comorbidities...
February 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203409/practice-patterns-in-venous-thromboembolism-vte-prophylaxis-in-thoracic-surgery-a-comprehensive-canadian-delphi-survey
#8
John Agzarian, Lori-Ann Linkins, Laura Schneider, Waël C Hanna, Christian J Finley, Colin Schieman, Marc De Perrot, Mark Crowther, James Douketis, Yaron Shargall
BACKGROUND: The incidence of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) after resection of thoracic malignancies can reach 15%, but prophylaxis guidelines are yet to be established. We aimed to survey Canadian practitioners regarding perioperative risk factors for VTE, impact of those factors on extended prophylaxis selection, type of preferred prophylaxis, and timing of initiation and duration of thromboprophylaxis. METHODS: A modified Delphi survey was undertaken over three rounds with thoracic surgeons, thoracic anesthesiologists and thrombosis experts across Canada...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199702/does-perioperative-chemotherapy-improve-survival-in-patients-with-resectable-lung-metastases-of-colorectal-cancer
#9
Francesco Guerrera, Pierre-Emmanuel Falcoz, Stephane Renaud, Gilbert Massard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193572/systematic-review-of-early-and-long-term-outcome-of-liver-resection-for-metastatic-breast-cancer-is-there-a-survival-benefit
#10
REVIEW
Tae Gon Yoo, Isaac Cranshaw, Reuben Broom, Sanjay Pandanaboyana, Adam Bartlett
BACKGROUND: Isolated liver metastases occur rarely in patients with metastatic breast cancer. The success of liver resection (LR) for other metastatic disease has led centres to explore the option of LR for patients with isolated breast cancer liver metastases (BCLM). A number of small series have been published in the literature, however the evidence is conflicting. This study aimed to systematically review the literature to determine the perioperative outcome and survival of patients undergoing LR for BCLM...
February 10, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187769/gastric-perforation-following-cytoreductive-surgery-and-perioperative-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-a-case-series-of-six
#11
Lee S Kyang, Nayef A Alzahrani, Jing Zhao, David L Morris
BACKGROUND: Incidence of gastric perforation following cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (PIC) is not widely reported. METHODS: Suitable patients were identified from our database of 1028 procedures. Relevant information was then gathered via medical records and operation reports for these patients. RESULTS: Six patients suffered early postoperative gastric perforation following the procedure (0.58%), all of whom received heated intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC)...
February 10, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179095/exclusive-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-locally-advanced-resectable-gastric-and-gastro-esophageal-junction-adenocarcinoma
#12
Eugenio Fernandez, Wulfran Cacheux, Jean-Louis Frossard, Thibaud Koessler, Magali Abou, Michael Moniez, Olivier Huber, Giacomo Puppa, Arnaud Roth
BACKGROUND: Perioperative chemotherapy improves the prognosis of patients with locoregionally advanced resectable gastric and gastro-esophageal junction adenocarcinoma. Nevertheless, only 50% of operated patients could receive the postoperative component chemotherapy. An exclusive preoperative chemotherapy is therefore an interesting strategy. We report the clinical course of patients with operable gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma treated with an intention of exclusive preoperative chemotherapy...
January 16, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176303/association-between-age-and-access-to-immediate-breast-reconstruction-in-women-undergoing-mastectomy-for-breast-cancer
#13
R Jeevan, J P Browne, C Gulliver-Clarke, J Pereira, C M Caddy, J H P van der Meulen, D A Cromwell
BACKGROUND: National guidelines state that patients with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy in England should be offered immediate breast reconstruction (IR), unless precluded by their fitness for surgery or the need for adjuvant therapies. METHODS: A national study investigated factors that influenced clinicians' decision to offer IR, and collected data on case mix, operative procedures and reconstructive decision-making among women with breast cancer having a mastectomy with or without IR in the English National Health Service between 1 January 2008 and 31 March 2009...
February 8, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174488/a-pilot-phase-ii-study-of-neoadjuvant-triplet-chemotherapy-regimen-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-resectable-colon-cancer
#14
Haitao Zhou, Yan Song, Jun Jiang, Haitao Niu, Hong Zhao, Jianwei Liang, Hao Su, Zheng Wang, Zhixiang Zhou, Jing Huang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of triplet regimen of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced resectable colon cancer. METHODS: Patients with clinical stage IIIb colon cancer received a perioperative triple chemotherapy regimen (oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) and irinotecan 150 mg/m(2), combined with folinic acid 200 mg, 5-fluorouracil 500 mg bolus and then 2,400 mg/m(2) by 44 h infusion or capecitabine 1 g/m(2) or S-1 40-60 mg b...
December 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167373/extraskeletal-osteosarcoma-a-european-musculoskeletal-oncology-society-study-on-266-patients
#15
A Longhi, S S Bielack, R Grimer, J Whelan, R Windhager, A Leithner, A Gronchi, D Biau, P Jutte, A H Krieg, F M Klenke, G Grignani, D M Donati, R Capanna, J Casanova, C Gerrand, G Bisogno, S Hecker-Nolting, M De Lisa, L D'Ambrosio, M Willegger, G Scoccianti, S Ferrari
PURPOSE: Prognosis of extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ESOS) is reported to be poorer than that of skeletal osteosarcoma. This multicenter retrospective study aimed to evaluate factors influencing ESOS prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Members of the European Musculoskeletal Oncology Society (EMSOS) submitted institutional data on patients with ESOS. RESULTS: Data from 274 patients treated from 1981 to 2014 were collected from 16 EMSOS centres; 266 patients were eligible...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165904/now-is-the-time-for-perioperative-chemotherapy-in-upper-tract-urothelial-cancer
#16
Arlene O Siefker-Radtke, Matthew T Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149936/change-in-psoas-muscle-volume-as-a-predictor-of-outcomes-in-patients-treated-with-chemotherapy-and-radical-cystectomy-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#17
Homayoun Zargar, Nima Almassi, Evan Kovac, Cesar Ercole, Erick Remer, Brian Rini, Andrew Stephenson, Jorge A Garcia, Petros Grivas
Objective: Sarcopenia, or the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, has been investigated as a potential marker of adverse outcomes among surgical patients. Our aim was to assess for changes in psoas muscle volume (PMV) following administration of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in patients with bladder cancer and to examine whether changes in PMV following NAC are predictive of perioperative complications, pathologic response or survival. Methods: During the period of 2009-2013, patients undergoing NAC and radical cystectomy (RC) at our institution with pre and post NAC cross sectional images available were included...
January 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133129/-huge-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-portal-vein-and-inferior-vena-cava-thrombi-treated-with-curative-liver-resection-and-perioperative-hepatic-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy-a-case-report
#18
Shinsaku Obara, Takeo Nomi, Ichirou Yamato, Daisuke Hokuto, Satoshi Yasuda, Chihiro Kawaguchi, Takahiro Yoshikawa, Masayuki Sho, Takatsugu Yamada, Takahiro Akahori, Shoichi Kinoshita, Minako Nagai, Hiromichi Kanehiro, Yoshiyuki Nakajima
The prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)with main portal vein(MPV)and/or the inferior vena cava(IVC)tumor thrombi is dismal. The management of HCC with severe tumor thrombus is complicated. In this study, we report a case of HCC with tumor thrombi in the MPV and IVC that was successfullytreated via liver resection and perioperative hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy(HAI). A 68-year-old man was referred to our institution to treat huge HCC lesion in the right lobe of the liver. Abdominal computed tomography(CT)revealed a tumor(12 cm in diameter)in the right hepatic lobe and tumor thrombi in the MPV and IVC...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133110/-a-case-of-hepatectomy-for-liver-metastases-during-long-term-chemotherapy-after-three-hepatectomies-for-liver-metastases-from-rectal-cancer
#19
Masaya Satake, Kazuhiko Yoshimatsu, Yoshitomo Ito, Rie Imaizumi, Masaki Matsumura, Sayaka Katagiri, Shinya Takiguchi, Takako Matsumoto, Jun Kinoshita, Taro Koike, Yoshihiko Naritaka
We report the case of a 78-year-old man with liver metastases from rectal cancer treated with hepatectomy after 14 months of chemotherapy. This was the fourth hepatic recurrence after hepatectomy. Distant metastasis of colorectal cancer can be considered for resection, if it can be an R0 resection; however, there is no consensus regarding the timing and extent of resection. Although a study has shown the efficacy of perioperative chemotherapy for resectable liver metastasis from colorectal cancer, the regimen and duration of chemotherapy has not been established yet...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133020/-examination-of-patients-with-malignant-obstruction-treated-with-chemotherapy-after-ileo-coleostomy
#20
Hidemi Nishi, Ken Nakata, Yoko Hiraki, Junpei Yoshimura, Shingo Sasamatsu, Katsushu Shimizu, Toshiya Inoue, Jota Mikami, Genta Sawada, Shin Nakahira, Yoichi Makari, Tameyoshi Yamamoto, Masaki Tsujie, Yutaka Kimura, Hiroki Ohsato
Management for obstructive cancer of the colon diverges into many ways. The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment course of patients with malignant obstruction after ileo/coleostomy. Thirty-six patients with malignant obstruction who underwent ileo/coleostomy in our hospital from May 2012 to January 2016were enrolled in the study. Clinical outcomes were the period before treatment initiation, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, primary lesion resection, and death, and these were retrospectively analyzed. Although 9 stomal complications occurred, no case experienced a delayed treatment start...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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