Read by QxMD icon Read

concussion baseline testing

Breton M Asken, Aliyah R Snyder, M Seth Smith, Jason L Zaremski, Russell M Bauer
OBJECTIVE: The primary goals of this study were (1) to report rates of concussion-like symptoms in healthy adolescent student athletes assessed using the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, 3rd edition (SCAT3) at baseline, (2) to examine rates of psychiatric diagnoses in this population, and (3) to evaluate effects of baseline symptoms on SCAT3 cognitive and balance performance. METHODS: 349 adolescent student athletes (245 male) were administered the SCAT3 during pre-participation physical examinations...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Charles H Tegeler, Catherine L Tegeler, Jared F Cook, Sung W Lee, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Christopher M Miles, Sean L Simpson
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions are needed for individuals with persisting post-concussion symptoms. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is an allostatic, closed-loop, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology, designed to facilitate relaxation and self-optimization of neural oscillations. METHODS: Fifteen athletes (seven females, mean age 18.1 years, SD 2.6) with persisting post-concussion symptoms received 18.7 (SD 6...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Ryan M Gardner, Aaron Yengo-Kahn, Christopher M Bonfield, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVES: Baseline and post-concussion neurocognitive testing is useful in managing concussed athletes. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and stimulant medications are recognized as potential modifiers of performance on neurocognitive testing by the Concussion in Sport Group. Our goal was to assess whether individuals with ADHD perform differently on post-concussion testing and if this difference is related to the use of stimulants. METHODS: Retrospective case-control study in which 4373 athletes underwent baseline and post-concussion testing using the ImPACT battery...
October 13, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
C Elaine Little, Carolyn Emery, Stephen H Scott, Willem Meeuwisse, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Sean P Dukelow
BACKGROUND: KINARM end point robotic testing on a range of tasks evaluating sensory, motor and cognitive function in children/adolescents with no neurologic impairment has been shown to be reliable. The objective of this study was to determine whether differences in baseline performance on multiple robotic tasks could be identified between pediatric/adolescent ice hockey players (age range 10-14) with and without a history of concussion. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-five pediatric/adolescent ice hockey players (ages 10-14) completed robotic testing (94 with and 292 without a history of concussion)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Timo Hänninen, Jari Parkkari, Markku Tuominen, Grant L Iverson, Juha Öhman, Matti Vartiainen, Teemu M Luoto
OBJECTIVES: To examine test-retest reliability of the SCAT3 for two consecutive seasons using a large sample of professional male ice hockey players, and to make recommendations for interpreting change on the test. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study. METHODS: Preseason baseline testing was administered in the beginning of the seasons 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 to 179 professional male hockey players in rink side settings. RESULTS: The test-retest reliabilities of the SCAT3 components were uniformly low...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Charles E Gaudet, Lisa L Weyandt
OBJECTIVE: Computerized neuropsychological assessment of concussion has rapidly expanded and Immediate Post-Concussion and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) is among the most commonly used measures in this domain. ImPACT was primarily developed for use with athletic populations but continues to expand beyond athletics to settings such as the workplace and schools where motivational dispositions may vary. The purpose of the present study was to conduct a systematic review of existing research investigating the prevalence of invalid baseline results and the effectiveness of ImPACT's embedded invalidity indicators in detecting suspect effort...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Carolyn A McCarty, Douglas Zatzick, Elizabeth Stein, Jin Wang, Robert Hilt, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Postconcussive and co-occurring psychological symptoms are not uncommon after sports-related concussion and are associated with functional impairment and societal costs. There is no evidence-based treatment targeting postconcussive symptoms in children and adolescents. The goal of this study was to test a collaborative care intervention model with embedded cognitive-behavioral therapy, care management, and psychopharmacological consultation. We hypothesized that patients in collaborative care would demonstrate greater reductions in postconcussive, depressive, and anxiety symptoms and improvement in functioning over the course of 6 months, compared with usual care control...
September 13, 2016: Pediatrics
Traci R Snedden, Margaret Alison Brooks, Scott Hetzel, Tim McGuine
OBJECTIVE: Establish sex, age, and concussion history-specific normative baseline sport concussion assessment tool 3 (SCAT3) values in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Seven Wisconsin high schools. PARTICIPANTS: Seven hundred fifty-eight high school athletes participating in 19 sports. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Sex, age, and concussion history. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (SCAT3): total number of symptoms; symptom severity; total Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC); and each SAC component (orientation, immediate memory, concentration, delayed recall); Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) total errors (BESS, floor and foam pad)...
September 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Gretchen M Thomsen, Annie Ma, Ara Ko, Megan Y Harada, Livia Wyss, Patricia Haro, Jean-Philippe Vit, Oksana Shelest, Peter Rhee, Clive N Svendsen, Eric J Ley
BACKGROUND: Concussion injury is the most common form of traumatic brain injury (TBI). How recurrent concussions alter long-term outcomes is poorly understood especially as related to the development of neurodegenerative disease. We evaluated the functional and pathological consequences of repeated TBI over time in wild type (WT) rats as well as rats harboring the human SOD1 mutation ("SOD1") - a model of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: A total of 42 rats, 26 WT and 16 SOD1, were examined over a study period of 25 weeks (or endpoint)...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Kristin M Poland, Mary Pat McKay, Mark R Zonfrillo, Thomas H Barth, Ronald Kaminski
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to present concussion assessment data for 30 male athletes prior to and after being involved in a large school bus crash. The athletes on the bus, all male and aged 14-18 years, were participants in their school's concussion management program that included baseline and postinjury testing using Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT). METHODS: This case study described changes in concussion assessment scores for 30 male athletes following a primarily frontal school bus crash...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Benjamin L Brett, Gary S Solomon
OBJECTIVE: Research findings to date on the stability of Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) Composite scores have been inconsistent, requiring further investigation. The use of test validity criteria across these studies also has been inconsistent. Using multiple measures of stability, we examined test-retest reliability of repeated ImPACT baseline assessments in high school athletes across various validity criteria reported in previous studies. METHOD: A total of 1146 high school athletes completed baseline cognitive testing using the online ImPACT test battery at two time periods of approximately two-year intervals...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
James Patrick MacDonald, Iris Petersen, Douglas Kyrouac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
William T Tsushima, Andrea M Siu, Nozomi Yamashita, Ross S Oshiro, Nathan M Murata
This replication study re-examined the neuropsychological effects of participation in high and low contact youth sports. Modeled after a recently published investigation, two contact sport groups of participants ages 12 to 18 were formed based on the rate of concussion in their respective sport, with the assumption that more head impacts and neuropsychological effects occur in high contact sports that have a greater number of reported concussions as compared with low contact sports. The preseason baseline ImPACT neuropsychological test scores and symptom scores of non-concussed youth athletes in a High Contact Sport (football, n = 139) and a Low Contact Sport (basketball, baseball, soccer, wrestling, volleyball, paddling, and cheerleading, n = 57) were compared...
August 25, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Benjamin L Brett, Nathan Smyk, Gary Solomon, Brandon C Baughman, Philip Schatz
OBJECTIVE: The ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) neurocognitive testing battery is a widely used tool used for the assessment and management of sports-related concussion. Research on the stability of ImPACT in high school athletes at a 1- and 2-year intervals have been inconsistent, requiring further investigation. We documented 1-, 2-, and 3-year test-retest reliability of repeated ImPACT baseline assessments in a sample of high school athletes, using multiple statistical methods for examining stability...
August 18, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
John Faltus, Brittney Huntimer, Thomas Kernozek, John Cole
BACKGROUND: While studies that have examined the prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries in alpine skiing and snowboarding exist, there has been no discussion of how neurocognitive deficits may influence such injuries. Recent authors have identified a possible link between Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) testing results and the prevalence of musculoskeletal injury in athletic populations. However, no study has specifically examined this in the alpine skiing and snowboard athletes who sustain injury and those that do not...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Jessie R Oldham, Barry A Munkasy, Kelsey M Evans, Erik A Wikstrom, Thomas A Buckley
Impaired postural control is a cardinal symptom following concussion. Planned gait termination (GT) is a non-novel, dynamic task that challenges postural control in individuals with neurological deficits, and it could be an impactful measure for identifying dynamic postural control impairments following concussion. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess acute post-concussion dynamic postural control utilizing a planned GT task. The concussion participants (n=19, age: 19.0±0.8years, height: 177...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
Mitchell J Odom, Young M Lee, Scott L Zuckerman, Rachel P Apple, Theodore Germanos, Gary S Solomon, Allen K Sills
This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of a novel computer-based, portable balance assessment tool, the Equilibrate System (ES), used to diagnose sports-related concussion. Twenty-seven students participated in ES testing consisting of three sessions over 4 weeks. The modified Balance Error Scoring System was performed. For each participant, test-retest reliability was established using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The ES test-retest reliability from baseline to week 2 produced an ICC value of 0...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
Brian L Brooks, Rebekah Mannix, Bruce Maxwell, Ross Zafonte, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
BACKGROUND: There is increasing concern about the possible long-term effects of multiple concussions, particularly on the developing adolescent brain. Whether the effect of multiple concussions is detectable in high school football players has not been well studied, although the public health implications are great in this population. PURPOSE: To determine if there are measureable differences in cognitive functioning or symptom reporting in high school football players with a history of multiple concussions...
July 29, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Daniel C Herman, Jeffrey T Barth
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive status may be a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Neurocognitive domains such as visual attention, processing speed/reaction time, and dual-tasking may influence ACL injury risk via alterations to neuromuscular performance during athletic tasks. However, the relationship between neurocognition and performance during athletic tasks is not yet established. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes with low baseline neurocognitive scores will demonstrate poorer jump landing performance compared with athletes with high baseline neurocognitive score...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Young M Lee, Adela Wu, Scott L Zuckerman, Kevin M Stanko, Gregory Y LaChaud, Gary S Solomon, Allen K Sills
OBJECTIVES: Sports-related concussions (SRCs) are a significant public health concern in athletes. Data exist suggesting a link between obesity and decreased neurocognitive function, yet the effect of body mass index (BMI) on neurocognitive function and recovery after a SRC is unknown. The goal of our study was to discern the effect of BMI on recovery after SRC. METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational cohort study. Between 2013 and 2014, 7,606 athletes between the ages of 13-20 years valid baseline neurocognitive testing performed at multiple regional concussion centers sustained a concussion...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"