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Yi-Xin Zhou, Lu-Ping Yang, Zi-Xian Wang, Ming-Ming He, Jing-Ping Yun, Dong-Sheng Zhang, Feng Wang, Rui-Hua Xu
Background : The optimal nodal staging scheme for gastric cancer remains unsettled. We compared the prognostic performances of the metastatic lymph node, lymph node ratio, and log odds of metastatic lymph nodes based on nomograms among 801 patients with D2-resected gastric cancer treated with adjuvant chemotherapy. Methods : When assessed as a continuous covariate, each nodal staging variable was incorporated into a prognostic nomogram with other significant prognosticators to predict the 5-year overall survival...
2018: Journal of Cancer
Qixing Mao, Wenjie Xia, Gaochao Dong, Shuqi Chen, Anpeng Wang, Guangfu Jin, Feng Jiang, Lin Xu
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative survival of patients with stage IIIA-N2 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is highly heterogeneous. Here, we aimed to identify variables associated with postoperative survival and develop a tool for survival prediction. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database from January 2004 to December 2009. Significant variables were selected by use of the backward stepwise method. The nomogram was constructed with multivariable Cox regression...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Alhassane Diallo, Heike Jacobi, Arron Cook, Robyn Labrum, Alexandra Durr, Alexis Brice, Perrine Charles, Cecilia Marelli, Caterina Mariotti, Lorenzo Nanetti, Marta Panzeri, Maria Rakowicz, Anna Sobanska, Anna Sulek, Tanja Schmitz-Hübsch, Ludger Schöls, Holger Hengel, Bela Melegh, Alessandro Filla, Antonella Antenora, Jon Infante, José Berciano, Bart P van de Warrenburg, Dagmar Timmann, Sylvia Boesch, Massimo Pandolfo, Jörg B Schulz, Peter Bauer, Paola Giunti, Jun-Suk Kang, Thomas Klockgether, Sophie Tezenas du Montcel
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxias are dominantly inherited progressive ataxia disorders that can lead to premature death. We aimed to study the overall survival of patients with the most common spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, and SCA6) and to identify the strongest contributing predictors that affect survival. METHODS: In this longitudinal cohort study (EUROSCA), we enrolled men and women, aged 18 years or older, from 17 ataxia referral centres in ten European countries; participants had positive genetic test results for SCA1, SCA2, SCA3, or SCA6 and progressive, otherwise unexplained, ataxias...
April 2018: Lancet Neurology
Yawei Gu, Yunlang She, Chenyang Dai, Yijiu Ren, Ziwen Fan, Huiyuan Zhu, Xiwen Sun, Huikang Xie, Gening Jiang, Dong Xie, Chang Chen
BACKGROUND: Some clinical N0 lung adenocarcinoma have been pathologically diagnosed as N1 or N2. To improve the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of lymph node (LN) disease, we developed a prediction model for LN metastasis in cT1N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma based on computed tomography (CT) texture analysis and clinical characteristics to estimate the probability of LN metastasis. METHODS: The records of 501 consecutive patients with cT1N0M0 lung adenocarcinoma who underwent CT scan and pulmonary resection with systematic lymph nodes dissection or lymph nodes sampling were reviewed...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Xin-Chang Shang-Guan, Qi-Yue Chen, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Jun Lu, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu, Ze-Ning Huang, Ju-Li Lin, Chang-Ming Huang, Chao-Hui Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between preoperative lymph node size (Ns) and prognosis of radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: The clinical and pathological data of 970 patients undergoing radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed. The correlation between Ns and the identified variables for the prediction of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was examined. RESULTS: Three hundred and thirty-one (34...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Xiao-Feng Duan, Peng Tang, Xiao-Bin Shang, Hong-Jing Jiang, Zhen-Tao Yu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, pattern and risk factors of lymph node metastasis (LNM) for pathological T1 (pT1) esophageal cancer (EC). METHODS: The clinical data of 143 cases of pT1 patients who underwent esophagectomy and lymph node dissection during January 2011 and July 2016 were reviewed, including 120 male patients and 23 female patients with a median age of 60 years. The pattern of LNM was analyzed and the risk factors related to LNM were assessed by logistic regression analysis...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
A Syed, S Eleti, V Kumar, A Ahmad, H Thomas
AIM: Axillary lymph node dissection, although associated with long-term morbidity, has been the standard of treatment for all nodepositive breast cancer patients. We assessed the risk prediction ability (validity) of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) nomogram for non-sentinel lymph node metastases and analysed the outcome of patients with sentinel node metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All operable early breast cancer patients with sentinel node macro metastases (size > 2mm) who underwent axillary dissection from April 2009 to March 2015 were considered eligible...
January 2018: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Ting-Shi Su, Ren Luo, Ping Liang, Tao Cheng, Ying Zhou, Yong Huang
PURPOSE: To build and validate multivariate normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) models for radiation-induced hepatic toxicity (RIHT) after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). METHODS: Eighty-five patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a phase II clinical trial were enroled. A progression of at least 1 or 2 points in the Child-Pugh (CP) score post-SBRT was classified as RIHT (≥1 or ≥2). NTCP models for RIHT (≥1 or ≥2) were developed using logistic regression...
March 13, 2018: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
C Kern, K Kortüm, M Müller, A Kampik, S Priglinger, W J Mayer
Purpose: To compare two calculators for toric intraocular lens (IOL) calculation and to evaluate the prediction of refractive outcome. Methods: Sixty-four eyes of forty-five patients underwent cataract surgery followed by implantation of a toric intraocular lens (Zeiss Torbi 709 M) calculated by a standard industry calculator using front keratometry values. Prediction error, median absolute error, and refractive astigmatism error were evaluated for the standard calculator...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
Yanqi Huang, Lan He, Di Dong, Caiyun Yang, Cuishan Liang, Xin Chen, Zelan Ma, Xiaomei Huang, Su Yao, Changhong Liang, Jie Tian, Zaiyi Liu
Objective: To develop and validate a radiomics prediction model for individualized prediction of perineural invasion (PNI) in colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: After computed tomography (CT) radiomics features extraction, a radiomics signature was constructed in derivation cohort (346 CRC patients). A prediction model was developed to integrate the radiomics signature and clinical candidate predictors [age, sex, tumor location, and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level]...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Ding Peng, Cui-Jian Zhang, Qi Tang, Lei Zhang, Kai-Wei Yang, Xiao-Teng Yu, Yanqing Gong, Xue-Song Li, Zhi-Song He, Li-Qun Zhou
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prognostic significance of the novel index combining preoperative hemoglobin and albumin levels and lymphocyte and platelet counts (HALP) in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients. METHODS: We enrolled 1360 patients who underwent nephrectomy in our institution from 2001 to 2010. The cutoff values for HALP, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio were defined by using X-tile software. Survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method, with differences analyzed by the log-rank test...
March 15, 2018: BMC Urology
Wenxue Yang, Xiaoping Yan, Qisheng Xia, Qingwen Tao, Xiaowei Gan, Yingze Zhang, Zhihua Chen, Weiping Kong
OBJECTIVES: We quantified the expression of six well-characterized microRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells to see whether they can predispose to syndesmophytes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 46 AS patients (23/23 with/without syndesmophytes) and 22 healthy controls. MicroRNAs expression was quantified by real-time PCR. RESULTS: Six examined microRNAs were comparably expressed between AS patients without syndesmophytes and healthy controls (p>0...
March 15, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
Chia-Yang Hsu, Po-Hong Liu, Shu-Yein Ho, Cheng-Yuan Hsia, Praneeth Kudaravalli, Yun-Hsuan Lee, Yi-You Chiou, Ya-Ju Tsai, Yi-Hsiang Huang, Teh-Ia Huo
BACKGROUND: The nomogram of the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been used for outcome prediction. Patients with BCLC stage C HCC often undergo anti-cancer therapy against current treatment guidelines in real world practice. We aimed to use the nomogram to provide guidance on treatment selection for BCLC stage C patients. METHODS: A total of 1317 patients with stage C HCC were retrospectively analyzed and divided into four groups by nomogram points...
March 14, 2018: BMC Cancer
Manuel Cappellari, Gianni Turcato, Stefano Forlivesi, Fabio Bagante, Gianfranco Cervellin, Giuseppe Lippi, Bruno Bonetti, Paolo Bovi, Danilo Toni
Background and purpose The nomogram is an important component of modern medical decision-making, which calculates the probability of an event entirely based on individual characteristics. We aimed to develop and validate a nomogram for individualized prediction of the probability of unfavorable outcome in intravenous thrombolysis-treated stroke patients included in the large multicenter Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke-International Stroke Thrombolysis Register. Methods All patients registered in the Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke-International Stroke Thrombolysis Register by 179 Italian centers between May 2001 and March 2016 were originally included...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Giorgio Bogani, Elena Tagliabue, Mauro Signorelli, Antonino Ditto, Fabio Martinelli, Valentina Chiappa, Lavinia Mosca, Ilaria Sabatucci, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
OBJECTIVE: To test the applicability of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie (AGO) and Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) criteria in predicting complete cytoreduction (CC) in patients undergoing secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS) for recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). METHODS: Data of consecutive patients undergoing SCS were reviewed. The Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie OVARian cancer study group (AGO-OVAR) and MSK criteria were retrospectively applied...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Shu-Qi Li, Yu-Huan Jiang, Jin Lin, Jing Zhang, Fan Sun, Qiu-Fang Gao, Lei Zhang, Qing-Gen Chen, Xiao-Zhong Wang, Hou-Qun Ying
Chronic inflammation is one of the critical causes to promote the initiation and metastasis of solid malignancies including lung cancer (LC). Here, we aimed to investigate the prognostic roles of albumin (Alb)-to-fibrinogen (Fib) ratio (AFR), Fib and Alb in LC and to establish a novel effective nomogram combined with AFR. Four hundred twelve LC patients diagnosed between February 2005 and December 2014 were recruited in this prospective study. The prognostic roles of AFR, Fib, Alb, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) were identified by X-tile software, Kaplan-Meier curve, Cox regression model, and time-dependent ROC...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Rui Liao, Cong Peng, Ming Li, De-Wei Li, Ning Jiang, Pei-Zhi Li, Xiong Ding, Qiao Wu, Cheng-You Du, Jian-Ping Gong
In this study, we aimed to compare and validate the prognostic abilities of preoperative systemic immune cells in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative hepatectomy. We developed two nomograms to predict the postoperative recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) after comparisons of the systemic immune cell prognostic scores. The two nomograms were constructed based on 305 patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for HCC. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomograms were compared with six commonly used staging systems for HCC...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Vinod K Bhutani, M Jeffrey Maisels, David L Schutzman, Martin E Castillo Cuadrado, Janelle L Aby, Debra L Bogen, Robert D Christensen, Jon F Watchko, Ronald J Wong, David K Stevenson
AIM: To identify neonates at risk for haemolytic hyperbilirubinaemia through near-concurrrent measurements of total serum/plasma bilirubin (TB) or transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) and end-tidal breath carbon monoxide (CO), corrected for ambient CO (ETCOc), an index of bilirubin production and haemolysis. METHODS: Paired TB/TcB (mg/dL) and ETCOc (ppm) measurements were obtained in newborns (n=283) at 20 to <60h of age in five nurseries. TB/TcB values were assigned TB/TcB percentile risk using the Bhutani hour-specific nomogram...
March 13, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Yiyang Wang, Difan Zheng, Jiajie Zheng, Qingyuan Huang, Baohui Han, Jie Zhang, Heng Zhao, Haiquan Chen
BACKGROUND: This retrospective research was designed to investigate the relationship between pT1N0M0 invasive adenocarcinoma (IADC) harboring solid (SOL) and/or micropapillary (MIP) components and its prognosis following lobectomy. METHODS: Clinical data of pT1N0M0 IADC patients were retrospectively collected from Shanghai Chest Hospital. Survival curves were plotted by Kaplan-Meier methods. Multivariable cox regressions were conducted to discover the independent risk factors of recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS), through which nomograms were performed to visualize the risk of recurrences and outcomes in personalized information...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Xiaohan Liu, Pei Shen, Xiangyu Wang, Shanyong Zhang, Jiawei Zheng, Chi Yang
This study aimed to establish an effective prognostic nomogram for predicting the probability of postoperative bone remodeling of patients with anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDWoR). The nomogram was based on a retrospective study on patients underwent surgical approaches for ADDWoR at Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University from January, 2007 to January, 2017. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to develop variables suitable for probability estimation model...
March 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
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