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night terrors

Nicola Cellini
In recent years sleep-related memory consolidation has become a central topic in the sleep research field. Several studies have shown that in healthy individuals sleep promotes memory consolidation. Notwithstanding this, the consequences of sleep disorders on offline memory consolidation remain poorly investigated. Research studies indicate that patients with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and narcolepsy often exhibit sleep-related impairment in the consolidation of declarative and procedural information...
September 25, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Anna Castelnovo, Brady A Riedner, Richard F Smith, Giulio Tononi, Melanie Boly, Ruth M Benca
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine scalp and source power topography in sleep arousals disorders (SADs) using high-density EEG (hdEEG). METHODS: Fifteen adult subjects with sleep arousal disorders (SADs) and 15 age- and gender-matched good sleeping healthy controls were recorded in a sleep laboratory setting using a 256 channel EEG system. RESULTS: Scalp EEG analysis of all night NREM sleep revealed a localized decrease in slow wave activity (SWA) power (1-4 Hz) over centro-parietal regions relative to the rest of the brain in SADs compared to good sleeping healthy controls...
October 1, 2016: Sleep
Daimei Sasayama, Shinsuke Washizuka, Hideo Honda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Ravi Gupta, Deepak Goel, S D Kandpal, Nidhi Mittal, Mohan Dhyani, Manish Mittal
OBJECTIVE: To screen symptoms of sleep disorders among primary school children. METHODS: Four schools from urban area and four rural schools were included in this study. Symptoms of sleep disorders were assessed using the validated Hindi version of Childhood Sleep Habit Questionnaire in 8-13 y old children. Comparison was made between urban and rural group and between boys and girls. Descriptive statistics was calculated. RESULTS: Mean age of the subjects included in this study was 8...
May 11, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Marisol Carrillo-Solano, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Jean-Louis Golmard, Elisabeth Groos, Isabelle Arnulf
OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of excessive daytime sleepiness in adults with sleepwalking or sleep terrors (SW/ST). METHODS: We collected the charts of all consecutive adult patients admitted from 2012 to 2014 for SW/ST. They had completed the Paris Arousal Disorders Severity Scale and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and had undergone one (n = 34) or two consecutive (n = 124) nocturnal videopolysomnographies. The demographic, clinical, and sleep determinants of excessive daytime sleepiness (defined as an Epworth Sleepiness Scale score of greater than 10) were analyzed...
January 4, 2016: Sleep Medicine
Nezir Ozgun, Fatma Mujgan Sonmez, Murat Topbas, Gamze Can, Zeynep Goker
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and parasomnia are the most commonly seen sleep disorders in childhood. The aim of this study was determination of the prevalence of insomnia and parasomnia among school children in a metropolitan area (Trabzon) of Turkey. This is the first study in Turkey regarding this topic that includes a large child population. METHODS: An 84-item questionnaire was administered to 5200 school children from different socioeconomic levels in 10 primary and 10 secondary schools...
February 19, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Valérie Cochen De Cock
Sleepwalking (SW) is a parasomnia, an abnormal behavior occurring during sleep. SW is a non-REM sleep parasomnia, an arousal disorder, like sleep terrors and confusional arousals. SW results from an incomplete arousal from slow-wave sleep, some regions of the cerebral cortex being awake and allowing movement and vision for example and others being asleep, preventing memorization or judgment. Usually, SW is a quiet wandering of a child that occurs rarely (several times a month or a year), requiring no medical advice and treatment...
February 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Mathilde Flamand, Bastien Herlin, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Valérie Attali, Claire Launois, Isabelle Arnulf
BACKGROUND: Choking during sleep may be caused by various respiratory and non-respiratory problems. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at documenting a new, rare cause of hallucinatory choking. METHODS: We documented the clinical and video-polysomnographic features of 11 adult patients referred for swallowing and choking during sleep. We conducted a systematic search for similar sensations in 68 consecutive adult patients with sleepwalking/sleep terrors and in 37 patients with obstructive sleep apnea...
November 2015: Sleep Medicine
F Fekih-Romdhane, S Othman, C Sahnoun, S Helayem, Z Abbes, A Bouden
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), also known as Von Recklinghausen disease, is one of the most frequent human genetic diseases, with a prevalence of one case in 3000 births, an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, and a high rate of new mutations. NF1 has markedly variable clinical expression, with manifestations ranging from mild lesions to several complications and functional impairment. The complications are age-specific. Psychiatric disorders are more frequent in NF1 than in the general population, especially in children...
September 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
A Thompson, S T Lereya, G Lewis, S Zammit, H L Fisher, D Wolke
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are commonly reported in the psychosis prodrome, but rarely explored in relation to psychotic experiences. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between specific parasomnias (nightmares, night terrors and sleepwalking) in childhood and later adolescent psychotic experiences. METHOD: The sample comprised 4720 individuals from a UK birth cohort. Mothers reported on children's experience of regular nightmares at several time points between 2 and 9 years...
July 2015: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Karim El-Kersh, Egambaram Senthilvel
A 15-year-old boy presented for evaluation of snoring and sleep-disordered breathing. The parents noted that the patient snored every night and that he had episodes when he stopped breathing, ending with gasping for air. He had no history of sleep walking, night terrors, tongue biting, or seizures. The patient had two healthy siblings, but he had a history of intellectual disability and developmental delay. The patient had a history of adenotonsillectomy.
April 2015: Chest
Grecia V Vivas-Colmenares, Jose Bernabeu-Wittel, Veronica Alonso-Arroyo, Jose A Matute de Cardenas, Israel Fernandez-Pineda
During the last 5 years, many studies have shown the efficacy of propranolol as first-line treatment for infantile hemangiomas (IHs), but not much has been written about the role of propranolol beyond the proliferation phase of IH (>1 year). Our aim was to assess propranolol efficacy and safety in the treatment of patients older than 1 year. A retrospective study of patients older than 1 year diagnosed with IH and treated in our vascular anomalies clinic between 2009 and 2013 was performed. Eighteen patients older than 1 year with a diagnosis of IH (15 girls, 3 boys) were identified...
May 2015: Pediatric Dermatology
Patricia J Murphy, Mark G Frei, Demitri Papolos
In children diagnosed with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), disturbances in the quality of sleep and wakefulness are prominent. A novel phenotype of PBD called Fear of Harm (FOH) associated with separation anxiety and aggressive obsessions is associated with sleep onset insomnia, parasomnias (nightmares, night-terrors, enuresis), REM sleep-related problems, and morning sleep inertia. Children with FOH often experience thermal discomfort (e.g. feeling hot, excessive sweating) in neutral ambient temperature conditions, as well as no discomfort during exposure to the extreme cold, and alternate noticeably between being excessively hot in the evening and cold in the morning...
2014: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Régis Lopez, Isabelle Jaussent, Yves Dauvilliers
OBJECTIVE: To objectively measure daytime sleepiness and to assess for clinical and polysomnographic determinants of mean sleep latency in adult patients with somnambulism (sleepwalking [SW]) or sleep terrors (ST) compared with controls. METHODS: Thirty drug-free adult patients with primary SW or ST, and age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy controls underwent a standardized clinical interview, completed questionnaires including the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and underwent one night of video polysomnography followed by the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT)...
November 25, 2014: Neurology
Fei Xiong, Fan Yang, Su-Fei Yang, Kang-Min Wu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the endogenous vitamin D level and its correlation with bone mineral density (BMD) in children under 7 years old. METHODS: Totally 6 838 children who visited the Growth and Development Clinic due to "growth retardation, night terrors, hyperhidrosis, and dysphoria" were enrolled in the study. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level was measured by chemiluminescence, whereas individual BMD was measured by quantitative ultrasound. RESULTS: Among all subjects, serum 25(OH)D level was 34 ± 14 ng/mL, and the Z value of BMD was -0...
September 2014: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Ginevra Uguccioni, Olivier Pallanca, Jean-Louis Golmard, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Isabelle Arnulf
In order to evaluate verbal memory consolidation during sleep in subjects experiencing sleepwalking or sleep terror, 19 patients experiencing sleepwalking/sleep terror and 19 controls performed two verbal memory tasks (16-word list from the Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test, and a 220- and 263-word modified story recall test) in the evening, followed by nocturnal video polysomnography (n = 29) and morning recall (night-time consolidation after 14 h, n = 38). The following morning, they were given a daytime learning task using the modified story recall test in reverse order, followed by an evening recall test after 9 h of wakefulness (daytime consolidation, n = 38)...
April 2015: Journal of Sleep Research
Dieter Wolke, Suzet Tanya Lereya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Environmental factors such as serious trauma or abuse and related stress can lead to nightmares or night terrors. Being bullied can be very distressing for children, and victims display long-term social, psychological, and health consequences. Unknown is whether being bullied by peers may increase the risk for experiencing parasomnias such as nightmares, night terrors, or sleepwalking. METHODS: A total of 6796 children of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort were interviewed at elementary school age (8 and 10 years) about bullying experiences with a previously validated bullying interview and at secondary school age (12...
October 2014: Pediatrics
Ari Ylikoski, Kirsti Martikainen, Markku Partinen
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are among the most common non-motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease. METHOD: The prevalence of parasomnias and their association with other symptoms were studied in a questionnaire study among 1447 randomly selected Parkinson patients, aged 43 to 89 years. The response rate was 59.0% and of these 77% had answered to all questions that were used in the analyses (N = 661). RESULTS: The prevalence of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) evaluated by the RBDSQ ≥ 6 was 39...
November 15, 2014: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
J Frölich Alfred Wiater Gerd Lehmkuhl
Night terrors and somnambulism are parasomnias associated with non-REM sleep. Medical treatment is only considered in severe cases with persistent and extended symptoms where there is a high risk of self-injury. We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with severe night terrors and somnambulism whose symptoms completely remitted under medication with the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor paroxetine. Its impact on sleep remains unclear as we were not able to show any significant changes in the polysomnographic sleep macroarchitecture...
2001: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Yossi Rosman, Arik Eisenkraft, Nadav Milk, Arthur Shiyovich, Nimrod Ophir, Shai Shrot, Yitshak Kreiss, Michael Kassirer
On the night of 21 August 2013, sarin was dispersed in the eastern outskirts of Damascus, killing 1400 civilians and severely affecting thousands more. This article aims to delineate the clinical presentation and management of a mass casualty event caused by a nerve agent as shown in the social media. Authors searched YouTube for videos uploaded of this attack and identified 210 videos. Of these, 67 met inclusion criteria and were evaluated in the final analysis.These videos displayed 130 casualties; 119 (91...
May 6, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
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