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Guidelines methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732040/perceptions-of-arab-men-regarding-female-breast-cancer-screening-examinations-findings-from-a-middle-east-study
#1
Tam Truong Donnelly, Al-Hareth Al-Khater, Salha Bujassoum Al-Bader, Mohamed Ghaith Al-Kuwari, Mariam Ali Abdul Malik, Nabila Al-Meer, Rajvir Singh
OBJECTIVES: In the Middle East, Qatar in particular, the incidence of breast cancer has substantially increased in recent years, and is expected to double by 2030. This diagnosis also occurs at a later stage in the disease. Early detection along with proper treatment reduces radical mastectomy and mortality rates, yet only one-third of Arab women in Qatar participate in breast cancer screening (BCS) activities of any sort. Many women in the conservative Qatari society rely on male family members for support and protection...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731411/oral-immunotherapy-for-food-allergy-a-spanish-guideline-immunotherapy-egg-and-milk-spanish-guide-items-guide-part-i-cow-milk-and-egg-oral-immunotherapy-introduction-methodology-rationale-current-state-indications-contraindications-and-oral-immunotherapy-build
#2
A Martorell, E Alonso, L Echeverría, C Escudero, R García-Rodríguez, C Blasco, J Bone, J Borja-Segade, T Bracamonte, A Claver, J L Corzo, B De la Hoz, R Del Olmo, O Dominguez, V Fuentes-Aparicio, I Guallar, H Larramona, F Martín-Muñoz, V Matheu, A Michavila, I Ojeda, P Ojeda, M Piquer, P Poza, M Reche, P Rodríguez Del Río, M Rodríguez, F Ruano, S Sánchez-García, S Terrados, L Valdesoiro, M Vazquez-Ortiz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cow milk and egg are the most frequent causes of food allergy in the first years of life. Oral immunotherapy (OIT) has been investigated as an alternative to avoidance diets. No clinical practice guidelines on the management of OIT with milk and egg are currently available. Objectives: To develop clinical guidelines for OIT based on available scientific evidence and the opinions of experts. METHODS: A review was made of studies published between 1984 and June 2016, doctoral theses published in Spain, summaries of communications at scientific meetings (SEAIC, SEICAP, EAACI, and AAAAI), and the consensus of opinion established by a group of experts from the scientific societies SEICAP and SEAIC...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731387/a-comparative-analysis-of-pulmonary-and-critical-care-medicine-guideline-development-methodologies
#3
Noah C Schoenberg, Alan F Barker, John Bernardo, Robin R Deterding, Jerrold J Ellner, Dean R Hess, Neil R MacIntyre, Fernando J Martinez, Kevin C Wilson
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) standards for guideline development have had unintended negative consequences. A more efficient approach is desirable. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a modified Delphi process early during guideline development discriminates recommendations that should be informed by a systematic review from those that can be based upon expert consensus. METHODS: The same questions addressed by IOM-compliant pulmonary or critical care guidelines were addressed by expert panels using a modified Delphi process, the Convergence of Opinion on Recommendations and Evidence (CORE) process...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729236/adolescents-perspectives-on-personalized-e-feedback-in-the-context-of-health-risk-behavior-screening-for-primary-care-qualitative-study
#4
Garret G Zieve, Laura P Richardson, Katherine Katzman, Heather Spielvogle, Sandy Whitehouse, Carolyn A McCarty
BACKGROUND: Electronic health screening tools for primary care present an opportunity to go beyond data collection to provide education and feedback to adolescents in order to motivate behavior change. However, there is limited research to guide feedback message development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore youth perceptions of and preferences for receiving personalized feedback for multiple health risk behaviors and reinforcement for health promoting behaviors from an electronic health screening tool for primary care settings, using qualitative methodology...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728682/-statin-and-risk-of-falls-in-the-elderly-a-sytematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Luis Carlos Venegas Sanabria, Stephany Barbosa Balaquera, Ana María Suarez Acosta, Ángel Alberto García Peña, Carlos Alberto Cano Gutiérrez
BACKGROUND: With the high incidence of cardiovascular events in the elderly population the effectiveness of statins in reducing mortality from coronary events has been demonstrated. However, there have been adverse effects, such as myalgia, myopathy, myonecrosis, not to mention the falls as a result of muscle damage with statin use. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review to assess the literature on the association between statin use and the risk of falls...
July 17, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727701/randomized-placebo-controlled-placebo-trial-to-determine-the-placebo-effect-size
#6
Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Tim Klueter, Volker W Rahlfs, Munjed Al Muderis, Amol Saxena, Hans Gollwitzer, Norbert Harrasser, Martin Stukenberg, Alexander Prehn-Kristensen
BACKGROUND: It is the gold standard to use a placebo treatment as the control group in prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Although placebo-controlled trials can reveal an effect of an active treatment, the pure effect of a placebo treatment alone has never been presented or evaluated. No evidence-based, placebo-therapeutic options are currently available, and no placebo-controlled trials have been performed to elucidate the pure placebo effect. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the pure placebo effect on clinical, chronic pain through a blinded RCT...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727510/inclusion-of-children-with-disabilities-in-physical-education-a-systematic-review-of-literature-from-2009-to-2015
#7
Terese Wilhelmsen, Marit Sørensen
This systematic review examines research published from 2009 to 2015 on inclusion of children with disabilities in physical education according to the PRISMA guidelines. We have used a stakeholder approach as a framework for organizing and discussing the results. The searches yielded 535 studies, of which 112 were included. The systematic review outlines which stakeholder perspectives received the most attention, the main themes and findings, the methodological trends that governed the research contribution, and the country of data collection...
July 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726791/implementation-of-a-multidisciplinary-guideline-improves-preterm-infant-admission-temperatures
#8
M W Harer, B Vergales, T Cady, A Early, C Chisholm, J R Swanson
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is a common problem in preterm infants immediately following delivery.Local problem:The rate of admission hypothermia in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was above the rate of comparable NICUs in the Vermont Oxford Network. METHODS: To reduce the rate of preterm admission hypothermia, a quality improvement (QI) project was implemented, utilizing the plan-do-study-act (PDSA) methodology. A guideline for delivery room thermoregulation management in <35-week infants at the University of Virginia was created and put into practice by a multidisciplinary team...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723817/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-resistance-training-on-body-image
#9
Nicholas J SantaBarbara, James W Whitworth, Joseph T Ciccolo
The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and appraise the literature that has specifically tested the independent effects of resistance training (i.e., weight lifting) on body image in adults. A comprehensive search through December 2016 of electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, PsycNET, and Web of Science for relevant studies published in peer-reviewed journals was conducted, and PRISMA guidelines were followed. Inclusion criteria were that a study had to be: a) written in English; b) published in a peer-reviewed journal; c) conducted an assessment of body image using a validated scale before and after a stand-alone resistance training intervention (i...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720617/protocol-for-an-online-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-peer-supported-self-management-intervention-for-relatives-of-people-with-psychosis-or-bipolar-disorder-relatives-education-and-coping-toolkit-react
#10
Fiona Lobban, Heather Robinson, Duncan Appelbe, Johanna Barraclough, Emma Bedson, Lizzie Collinge, Susanna Dodd, Sue Flowers, Mahsa Honary, Sonia Johnson, Ceu Mateus, Barbara Mezes, Valerie Minns, Elizabeth Murray, Andrew Walker, Paula Williamson, Catherine Wintermeyer, Steven Jones
INTRODUCTION: Despite clinical guidelines recommendations, many relatives of people with psychosis or bipolar disorder do not currently receive the support they need. Online information and support may offer a solution. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This single-blind, parallel, online randomised controlled trial will determine clinical and cost-effectiveness of the Relatives Education And Coping Toolkit (REACT) (including an online resource directory (RD)), compared with RD only, for relatives of people with psychosis or bipolar disorder...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720117/systematic-review-adherence-to-methodological-or-reporting-quality
#11
Kusala Pussegoda, Lucy Turner, Chantelle Garritty, Alain Mayhew, Becky Skidmore, Adrienne Stevens, Isabelle Boutron, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Lise M Bjerre, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, Douglas G Altman, David Moher
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for assessing methodological and reporting quality of systematic reviews (SRs) were developed to contribute to implementing evidence-based health care and the reduction of research waste. As SRs assessing a cohort of SRs is becoming more prevalent in the literature and with the increased uptake of SR evidence for decision-making, methodological quality and standard of reporting of SRs is of interest. The objective of this study is to evaluate SR adherence to the Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUOROM) and PRISMA reporting guidelines and the A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) and Overview Quality Assessment Questionnaire (OQAQ) quality assessment tools as evaluated in methodological overviews...
July 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720094/a-literature-review-of-applied-adaptive-design-methodology-within-the-field-of-oncology-in-randomised-controlled-trials-and-a-proposed-extension-to-the-consort-guidelines
#12
Pankaj Mistry, Janet A Dunn, Andrea Marshall
BACKGROUND: The application of adaptive design methodology within a clinical trial setting is becoming increasingly popular. However the application of these methods within trials is not being reported as adaptive designs hence making it more difficult to capture the emerging use of these designs. Within this review, we aim to understand how adaptive design methodology is being reported, whether these methods are explicitly stated as an 'adaptive design' or if it has to be inferred and to identify whether these methods are applied prospectively or concurrently...
July 18, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719752/return-to-sport-after-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-recreational-athletes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Florence Aim, Jean-David Werthel, Julien Deranlot, Marie Vigan, Geoffroy Nourissat
BACKGROUND: One of the most frequent demands from patients after shoulder replacement surgery is to return to sport. PURPOSE: To determine the rate of return to sport after shoulder arthroplasty (total shoulder arthroplasty, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, hemiarthroplasty) in recreational athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis and systematic review. METHODS: The PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed to perform this systematic review and meta-analysis of the results in the literature as well as the presentation of results...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718981/health-economic-analysis-of-allergen-immunotherapy-ait-for-the-management-of-allergic-rhinitis-asthma-food-allergy-and-venom-allergy-a-systematic-overview
#14
REVIEW
Miqdad Asaria, Sangeeta Dhami, Ronald van Ree, Roy Gerth van Wijk, Antonella Muraro, Graham Roberts, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: The European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) is developing guidelines for allergen immunotherapy (AIT) for the management of allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, IgE-mediated food allergy and venom allergy. To inform the development of clinical recommendations, we undertook systematic reviews to critically assess evidence on the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of AIT for these conditions. This paper focusses on synthesizing data and gaps in the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of AIT for these conditions...
July 18, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718015/capable-and-credible-challenging-nutrition-science
#15
EDITORIAL
Bart Penders, Anna Wolters, Edith F Feskens, Fred Brouns, Machteld Huber, Els L M Maeckelberghe, Gerjan Navis, Theo Ockhuizen, Jogchum Plat, Jan Sikkema, Marianne Stasse-Wolthuis, Pieter van 't Veer, Marcel Verweij, Jan de Vries
Nutrition science has enriched our understanding of how to stay healthy by producing valuable knowledge about the interaction of nutrients, food, and the human body. Nutrition science also has raised societal awareness about the links between food consumption and well-being, and provided the basis for food regulations and dietary guidelines. Its collaborative and interdisciplinary research has accomplished much, scientifically and socially. Despite this, nutrition science appears to be in crisis and is currently confronted with a public reluctance to trust nutritional insights...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717908/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-appendicectomy-in-adults-with-complicated-appendicitis-an-update-of-the-literature
#16
Christos Athanasiou, Sonia Lockwood, Georgios A Markides
AIMS: To review and compare the outcomes of laparoscopic (LA) versus open appendicectomy (OA) in complicated appendicitis in adult patients, eight years after the last literature review. METHODS: The PRISMA guidelines were adhered to. Pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria were used to search the PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane databases and extract relevant data. Methodological and quality assessment was undertaken with outcome meta-analysis and subgroup analyses of methodological quality, type of study and year of study...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716204/a-protocol-to-identify-and-minimise-selection-and-information-bias-in-abattoir-surveys-estimating-prevalence-using-fasciola-hepatica-as-an-example
#17
Rebecca I Carroll, Andrew Forbes, David A Graham, Locksley L McV Messam
Abattoir surveys and findings from post-mortem meat inspection are commonly used to estimate infection or disease prevalence in farm animal populations. However, the function of an abattoir is to slaughter animals for human consumption, and the collection of information on animal health for research purposes is a secondary objective. This can result in methodological shortcomings leading to biased prevalence estimates. Selection bias can occur when the study population as obtained from the abattoir is not an accurate representation of the target population...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715518/early-accurate-diagnosis-and-early-intervention-in-cerebral-palsy-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#18
Iona Novak, Cathy Morgan, Lars Adde, James Blackman, Roslyn N Boyd, Janice Brunstrom-Hernandez, Giovanni Cioni, Diane Damiano, Johanna Darrah, Ann-Christin Eliasson, Linda S de Vries, Christa Einspieler, Michael Fahey, Darcy Fehlings, Donna M Ferriero, Linda Fetters, Simona Fiori, Hans Forssberg, Andrew M Gordon, Susan Greaves, Andrea Guzzetta, Mijna Hadders-Algra, Regina Harbourne, Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Petra Karlsson, Lena Krumlinde-Sundholm, Beatrice Latal, Alison Loughran-Fowlds, Nathalie Maitre, Sarah McIntyre, Garey Noritz, Lindsay Pennington, Domenico M Romeo, Roberta Shepherd, Alicia J Spittle, Marelle Thornton, Jane Valentine, Karen Walker, Robert White, Nadia Badawi
Importance: Cerebral palsy describes the most common physical disability in childhood and occurs in 1 in 500 live births. Historically, the diagnosis has been made between age 12 and 24 months but now can be made before 6 months' corrected age. Objectives: To systematically review best available evidence for early, accurate diagnosis of cerebral palsy and to summarize best available evidence about cerebral palsy-specific early intervention that should follow early diagnosis to optimize neuroplasticity and function...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713422/computational-analysis-of-lifespan-experiment-reproducibility
#19
Michael Petrascheck, Dana L Miller
Independent reproducibility is essential to the generation of scientific knowledge. Optimizing experimental protocols to ensure reproducibility is an important aspect of scientific work. Genetic or pharmacological lifespan extensions are generally small compared to the inherent variability in mean lifespan even in isogenic populations housed under identical conditions. This variability makes reproducible detection of small but real effects experimentally challenging. In this study, we aimed to determine the reproducibility of C...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711651/psychometric-properties-of-measures-of-gait-quality-and-walking-performance-in-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Asfarina Zanudin, Thomas H Mercer, Kavi C Jagadamma, Marietta L van der Linden
Availability of outcome measures (OMs) with robust psychometric properties is an essential prerequisite for the evaluation of interventions designed to address gait deterioration in young people with Cerebral Palsy (CP). This review evaluates evidence for the reliability, validity and responsiveness of outcome measures of gait quality and walking performance in young people with CP. A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed and Scopus. Articles that met the eligibility criteria were selected...
July 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
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