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Guidelines methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340450/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-benznidazole-and-nifurtimox-a-systematic-review-and-quality-assessment-of-published-clinical-practice-guidelines
#1
Mario Javier Olivera, Johana Alexandra Fory, Antonio José Olivera
The pharmacological management of adults with chronic-phase Chagas disease is challenging despite it being the recent focus of extensive research. One of the challenges in the current clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) landscape is the existence of non-evidence-based recommendations for the use of laboratory tests in treatment monitoring. This study aimed to systematically assess the quality and consistency of recommendations of CPGs on the pharmacological management of adults with chronic-phase Chagas disease...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340235/evidence-based-design-and-evaluation-of-a-whole-genome-sequencing-clinical-report-for-the-reference-microbiology-laboratory
#2
Anamaria Crisan, Geoffrey McKee, Tamara Munzner, Jennifer L Gardy
Background: Microbial genome sequencing is now being routinely used in many clinical and public health laboratories. Understanding how to report complex genomic test results to stakeholders who may have varying familiarity with genomics-including clinicians, laboratorians, epidemiologists, and researchers-is critical to the successful and sustainable implementation of this new technology; however, there are no evidence-based guidelines for designing such a report in the pathogen genomics domain...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339691/rationale-design-and-methodology-of-the-evaluation-of-perceptions-knowledge-and-compliance-with-the-guidelines-in-real-life-practice-a-survey-on-the-under-treatment-of-hypercholesterolemia
#3
Volkan Doğan, Özcan Başaran, Bülent Özlek, Oğuzhan Çelik, Eda Özlek, Kadir Uğur Mert, İbrahim Rencüzoğulları, Gurbet Özge Mert, Marwa Mouline Doğan, Murat Biteker, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: A wide gap exists between dyslipidemia guidelines and their implementation in the real world, which is primarily attributed to physician and patient compliance. The aim of this study is to determine physician and patient adherence to dyslipidemia guidelines and various influential factors. METHODS: The Evaluation of Perceptions, Knowledge, and Compliance with the Guidelines in Real Life Practice: A Survey on the Under-treatment of Hypercholesterolemia (EPHESUS) trial (ClinicalTrials...
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335324/prevalence-of-primary-aldosteronism-in-primary-care-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Sabine C Käyser, Jaap Deinum, Wim Jc de Grauw, Bianca Wm Schalk, Hans Jhj Bor, Jacques Wm Lenders, Tjard R Schermer, Marion Cj Biermans
BACKGROUND: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most frequent cause of secondary hypertension. Reported prevalences of PA vary considerably because of a large heterogeneity in study methodology. AIM: To examine the proportion of patients with PA among patients with newly diagnosed, never treated hypertension. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study set in primary care. METHOD: GPs measured aldosterone and renin in adult patients with newly diagnosed, never treated hypertension...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334885/2016-united-kingdom-national-guideline-on-the-sexual-health-care-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
Dan Clutterbuck, David Asboe, Tristan Barber, Carol Emerson, Nigel Field, Stuart Gibson, Gwenda Hughes, Rachael Jones, Martin Murchie, Achyuta V Nori, Michael Rayment, Ann Sullivan
This guideline is intended for use in UK Genitourinary medicine clinics and sexual health services but is likely to be of relevance in all sexual health settings, including general practice and Contraception and Sexual Health (CASH) services, where men who have sex with men (MSM) seek sexual health care or where addressing the sexual health needs of MSM may have public health benefits. For the purposes of this document, MSM includes all gay, bisexual and all other males who have sex with other males and both cis and trans men...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331970/is-there-a-social-gradient-of-sarcopenia-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Darci Green, Gustavo Duque, Nick Fredman, Aoun Rizvi, Sharon Lee Brennan-Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia (or loss of muscle mass and function) is a relatively new area within the field of musculoskeletal research and medicine. Investigating whether there is a social gradient, including occupation type and income level, of sarcopenia, as observed for other diseases, will contribute significantly to the limited evidence base for this disease. This new information may inform the prevention and management of sarcopenia and widen the evidence base to support existing and future health campaigns...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331408/long-term-craniofacial-morphology-in-young-adults-treated-for-a-non-syndromal-uclp-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Isabelle F P M Kappen, Whitney R Yoder, Aebele B Mink van der Molen, Corstiaan C Breugem
Minimizing mid-facial growth impairment is one of the treatment goals in cleft lip and palate surgery. As growth of the maxilla extends into young adulthood, long-term evaluation is essential to make a comprehensive assessment of a treatment protocol. There are numerous treatment approaches for cleft lip/palate surgery, and most have the characteristic distinction between either an early or a late cleft palate closure. PRISMA guidelines were applied to explore the quality of the current literature and to identify treatment factors influencing long-term cephalometric outcomes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331352/factors-associated-with-voice-disorders-among-the-elderly-a-systematic-review
#8
Amanda Cibelly Brito Gois, Leandro de Araújo Pernambuco, Kenio Costa de Lima
INTRODUCTION: During the aging process, natural modifications occur in the larynx and the structures involved in phonation which explain the specific characteristics found in the voices of elderly persons. When, at any moment, a voice fails and there is interference with communication, a voice disorder has occurred. This can generate disadvantages in communicative efficiency and have a negative impact on quality of life, compromising mechanisms of socialization, the maintenance of autonomy, and the sense of well-being...
December 26, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#9
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330217/a-systematic-review-of-network-meta-analyses-for-pharmacological-treatment-of-common-mental-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Taryn Williams, Dan J Stein, Jonathan Ipser
QUESTION: Network meta-analyses (NMAs) of treatment efficacy across different pharmacological treatments help inform clinical decision-making, but their methodological quality may vary a lot depending also on the quality of the included primary studies. We therefore conducted a systematic review of NMAs of pharmacological treatment for common mental disorders in order to assess the methodological quality of these NMAs, and to relate study characteristics to the rankings of efficacy and tolerability...
January 12, 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330103/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2017-rehabilitation-and-outcomes
#11
REVIEW
Dieuwke Schiphof, Jacoline J van den Driest, Jos Runhaar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe studies examining rehabilitation for people with osteoarthritis (OA) and to summarize findings from selected key systematic reviews (SRs) and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DESIGN: A systematic search was performed using Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane databases from April 1st 2016 to May 15th 2017 using the terms 'osteoarthritis', 'randomized controlled trial', and 'systematic review'. Inclusion criteria were: clinically or radiologically diagnosed patients with osteoarthritis, rehabilitation treatment, RCT or SRs...
January 9, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329578/guideline-based-quality-indicators-a-systematic-comparison-of-german-and-international-clinical-practice-guidelines-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#12
Monika Becker, Jessica Breuing, Monika Nothacker, Stefanie Deckert, Mirco Steudtner, Jochen Schmitt, Edmund Neugebauer, Dawid Pieper
BACKGROUND: Quality indicators (QIs) are used in assessing the quality of healthcare. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are relevant sources for generating QIs. In this context, QIs are important tools to assess the implementation of guideline recommendations. However, the methodological approaches to guideline-based QI development vary considerably. In Germany, the guideline classification scheme of the AWMF (German Association of the Scientific Medical Societies) differentiates between S1-, S2k-, S2e-, and S3-CPGs depending on the methodological approach...
January 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326404/-effects-of-breastfeeding-interventions-on-breastfeeding-rates-at-1-3-and-6-months-postpartum-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Seol Hui Park, Seang Ryu
PURPOSE: This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis designed to evaluate the effects of breastfeeding intervention on breastfeeding rates. METHODS: Based on the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA), a systematic search was conducted using eight core electronic databases and other sources including gray literature from January 9 to 19, 2017. Two reviewers independently select the studies and assessed methodological risk of bias of studies using the Cochrane criteria...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326191/establishing-anchor-based-minimally-important-differences-mid-with-the-eortc-quality-of-life-measures-a-meta-analysis-protocol
#14
Zebedee Jammbe Musoro, Jean-Francois Hamel, Divine Ewane Ediebah, Kim Cocks, Madeleine T King, Mogens Groenvold, Mirjam A G Sprangers, Yvonne Brandberg, Galina Velikova, John Maringwa, Hans-Henning Flechtner, Andrew Bottomley, Corneel Coens
INTRODUCTION: As patient assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in cancer clinical trials has increased over the years, so has the need to attach meaningful interpretations to differences in HRQOL scores between groups and changes within groups. Determining what represents a minimally important difference (MID) in HRQOL scores is useful to clinicians, patients and researchers, and can be used as a benchmark for assessing the success of a healthcare intervention. Our objective is to provide an evidence-based protocol to determine MIDs for the European Organisation for Research and Treatment for Cancer Quality of life Questionnaire core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30)...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324492/life-cycle-assessment-and-costing-methods-for-device-procurement-comparing-reusable-and-single-use-disposable-laryngoscopes
#15
Jodi D Sherman, Lewis A Raibley, Matthew J Eckelman
BACKGROUND: Traditional medical device procurement criteria include efficacy and safety, ease of use and handling, and procurement costs. However, little information is available about life cycle environmental impacts of the production, use, and disposal of medical devices, or about costs incurred after purchase. Reusable and disposable laryngoscopes are of current interest to anesthesiologists. Facing mounting pressure to quickly meet or exceed conflicting infection prevention guidelines and oversight body recommendations, many institutions may be electively switching to single-use disposable (SUD) rigid laryngoscopes or overcleaning reusables, potentially increasing both costs and waste generation...
January 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324298/calibration-of-raw-accelerometer-data-to-measure-physical-activity-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Márcio de Almeida Mendes, Inácio C M da Silva, Virgílio V Ramires, Felipe F Reichert, Rafaela C Martins, Elaine Tomasi
Most of calibration studies based on accelerometry were developed using count-based analyses. In contrast, calibration studies based on raw acceleration signals are relatively recent and their evidences are incipient. The aim of the current study was to systematically review the literature in order to summarize methodological characteristics and results from raw data calibration studies. The review was conducted up to May 2017 using four databases: PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science. Methodological quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Landis and Koch's guidelines...
December 30, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324069/evidence-based-guidelines-for-fatigue-risk-management-in-emergency-medical-services
#17
P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Hans P A Van Dongen, Daniel J Buysse, Ronald W Thackery, Douglas F Kupas, David S Becker, Bradley E Dean, George H Lindbeck, Francis X Guyette, Josef H Penner, John M Violanti, Eddy S Lang, Christian Martin-Gill
BACKGROUND: Administrators of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) operations lack guidance on how to mitigate workplace fatigue, which affects greater than half of all EMS personnel. The primary objective of the Fatigue in EMS Project was to create an evidence-based guideline for fatigue risk management tailored to EMS operations. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted from 1980 to September 2016 and guided by seven research questions framed in the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome (PICO) framework...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324053/systematic-review-methodology-for-the-fatigue-in-emergency-medical-services-project
#18
P Daniel Patterson, J Stephen Higgins, Patricia M Weiss, Eddy Lang, Christian Martin-Gill
BACKGROUND: Guidance for managing fatigue in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) setting is limited. The Fatigue in EMS Project sought to complete multiple systematic reviews guided by seven explicit research questions, assemble the best available evidence, and rate the quality of that evidence for purposes of producing an Evidence Based Guideline (EBG) for fatigue risk management in EMS operations. METHODS: We completed seven systematic reviews that involved searches of six databases for literature relevant to seven research questions...
January 11, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322623/clinical-practice-guidelines-in-india-quality-appraisal-and-the-use-of-evidence-in-their-development
#19
Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Soushieta Jagadesh, May Ellatar, Neeraj Kohli, Muhammad Riedha, Monday Moi
BACKGROUND: Guideline development in India has come under increased scrutiny with a growing interest in the use of evidence for guideline development. METHODS: Guidelines on the four leading causes of disability adjusted life years in India (ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, tuberculosis), published on or after 2010 was searched in electronic databases and by other methods and their quality appraised by using the AGREE-II appraisal tool...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321984/effects-of-bhramari-pranayama-on-health-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Maheshkumar Kuppusamy, Dilara Kamaldeen, Ravishankar Pitani, Julius Amaldas, Poonguzhali Shanmugam
Pranayama, a branch of yoga practice is extremely beneficial to mankind in maintaining sound physical and mental health and this article aims to attain an insight on the studies conducted on the effectiveness of Bhramari Pranayama (Bhr.P) on health. The studies done until May 2016 were found using Medline, Embase, Google scholar and manual search. Studies conducted on the health effectiveness of Bhr.P specifically were included on the basis of prisma guidelines. The data were defined by their objectives, methodology, study setting, findings, interventions done and implications suggested in the study...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
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