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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930090/biomimetic-matrix-fabricated-by-lmp-1-gene-transduced-mc3t3-e1-cells-for-bone-regeneration
#1
Junxuan Ma, Wei Guo, Manman Gao, Baoding Huang, Qihua Qi, Zemin Ling, Yan Chen, Hao Hu, Hailian Zhou, Fei Yu, Ke Chen, Zhiyu Zhou, Deming Xiao, Xuenong Zou
Bone healing is regulated by multiple microenvironmental signals provided by the extracellular matrix (ECM). The study aimed to mimic native osteoinductive microenvironment by developing an ECM using gene-transduced cells. LIM mineralization protein-1 (LMP-1) gene was transferred to the murine pre-osteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1) using lentiviral vectors. Western blotting essay indicated that the MC3T3-E1 cells expressed an increased level of bone morphologic protein-2, -4 and-7 (BMP-2, -4 and -7) after LMP-1 gene transduction...
September 20, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928248/carbonic-anhydrase-iii-protects-osteocytes-from-oxidative-stress
#2
Chao Shi, Yuhei Uda, Christopher Dedic, Ehab Azab, Ningyuan Sun, Amira I Hussein, Christopher A Petty, Keertik Fulzele, Maria C Mitterberger-Vogt, Werner Zwerschke, Renata Pereira, Kunzheng Wang, Paola Divieti Pajevic
Osteocytes are master orchestrators of bone remodeling; they control osteoblast and osteoclast activities both directly via cell-to-cell communication and indirectly via secreted factors, and they are the main postnatal source of sclerostin and RANKL (receptor activator of NF-kB ligand), two regulators of osteoblast and osteoclast function. Despite progress in understanding osteocyte biology and function, much remains to be elucidated. Recently developed osteocytic cell lines-together with new genome editing tools-has allowed a closer look at the biology and molecular makeup of these cells...
September 19, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928247/endogenous-glucocorticoid-signaling-in-chondrocytes-attenuates-joint-inflammation-and-damage
#3
Jinwen Tu, Shihani Stoner, Phillip D Fromm, Tingyu Wang, Di Chen, Jan Tuckermann, Mark S Cooper, Markus J Seibel, Hong Zhou
Previous studies demonstrated that endogenous glucocorticoid signaling in osteoblasts promotes inflammation in murine immune arthritis. The current study determined whether disruption of endogenous glucocorticoid signaling in chondrocytes also modulates the course and severity of arthritis. Tamoxifen-inducible chondrocyte-targeted glucocorticoid receptor knockout (chGRKO) mice were generated by breeding GR(flox/flox) mice with tamoxifen-inducible Collagen 2a1 Cre mice (Col2a1-CreER(T2)). Antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) and K/BxN serum transfer-induced arthritis (STIA) were induced in both chGRKO mice and their Cre-negative GR(flox/flox) littermates [wild type (WT)]...
September 19, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928054/effect-of-the-antidiabetic-agent-pioglitazone-on-bone-metabolism-in-rats
#4
Junkichi Kanda, Nobuo Izumo, Yoshiko Kobayashi, Kenji Onodera, Taketoshi Shimakura, Noriaki Yamamoto, Hideaki E Takahashi, Hiroyuki Wakabayashi
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are synthetic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists used as therapy for type 2 diabetes. However, clinical studies reported that the therapeutic modulation of PPARγ activity using TZDs may induce negative effects on bone metabolism. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the TZD pioglitazone on bone metabolism in rats. Male Wistar rats were treated orally with pioglitazone 5 or 20 mg/kg daily for 24 weeks. Bone strength was evaluated using a 3-point bending method, and bone histomorphometry was analyzed...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927931/polyurethane-foam-scaffold-as-in-vitro-model-for-breast-cancer-bone-metastasis
#5
Valentina Angeloni, Nicola Contessi, Cinzia De Marco, Serena Bertoldi, Maria Cristina Tanzi, Maria Grazia Daidone, Silvia Farè
Breast cancer (BC) represents the most incident cancer case in women (29%), with high mortality rate. Bone metastasis occurs in 20-50% cases and, despite advances in BC research, the interactions between tumor cells and the metastatic microenvironment are still poorly understood. In vitro 3D models gained great interest in cancer research, thanks to the reproducibility, the 3D spatial cues and associated low costs, compared to in vivo and 2D in vitro models. In this study, we investigated the suitability of a poly-ether-urethane (PU) foam as 3D in vitro model to study the interactions between BC tumor-initiating cells and the bone microenvironment...
September 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927682/mgf-e-peptide-pretreatment-improves-the-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-bmscs-via-mek-erk1-2-and-pi3k-akt-pathway-under-severe-hypoxia
#6
Yongqiang Sha, Yonggang Lv, Zhiling Xu, Li Yang, Xiaoying Hao, Ruli Afandi
AIMS: Severe hypoxia always inhibits the cell proliferation, osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), and hinders bone defect repair. Herein we explored the effects of mechano-growth factor (MGF) E peptide on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs under severe hypoxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CoCl2 was utilized to simulate severe hypoxia. MTS was used to detect cell viability. Cell proliferation was verified through flow cytometry and EdU assay...
September 16, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927342/expert-opinion-biomimetic-functionalized-surfaces-and-the-induction-of-bone-formation
#7
Ugo Ripamonti
Tissue engineering still needs to assign the molecular basis of pattern formation, tissue induction and morphogenesis: What next to morphogens and stem cells? Macroporous biomimetic matrices per se, without the addition of the soluble osteogenic molecular signals of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) supergene family, initiate the induction of bone formation. Carving geometries within different calcium phosphate-based macroporous bioreactors we show that geometric cues imprinted within the macroporous spaces initiate the spontaneous induction of bone...
September 19, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926194/inverse-response-of-osteoblasts-and-fibroblasts-to-growth-on-carbon-deposited-titanium-surfaces
#8
Chie Yoshihara, Takeshi Ueno, Peng Chen, Yusuke Tsutsumi, Takao Hanawa, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
Titanium implant surfaces may serve as attachment substrates for various cell types. Since carbon adsorption on titanium is inevitable, this study examined the negative/positive biological reaction of osteoblasts and fibroblasts on carbon-deposited titanium surfaces. Osteogenic MC3T3-E1 and fibrogenic NIH/3T3 cells were separately cultured on titanium disks on which carbon deposition was experimentally regulated to achieve titanium/carbon ratios of 6.5, 0.02, 0.005, and 0. The initial attachment of cells demonstrated that the quantity of attached osteoblasts on Ti/C (0...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926112/chronic-kidney-disease-and-vitamin-d-metabolism-in-human-bone-marrow-derived-mscs
#9
REVIEW
Shuanhu Zhou, Julie Glowacki
Vitamin D that is synthesized in the skin or is ingested undergoes sequential steps of metabolic activation via a cascade of cytochrome P450 enzymatic hydroxylations in the liver and kidney to produce 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1α,25(OH)2 D). There are many tissues that are able to synthesize 1α,25(OH)2 D, but the biological significance of extrarenal hydroxylases is unresolved. Human marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (marrow stromal cells, hMSCs) give rise to osteoblasts, and their differentiation is stimulated by 1α,25(OH)2 D...
August 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926103/fam20c-regulates-osteoblast-behaviors-and-intracellular-signaling-pathways-in-a-cell-autonomous-manner
#10
Chao Liu, Hua Zhang, Priyam Jani, Xiaofang Wang, Yongbo Lu, Nan Li, Jing Xiao, Chunlin Qin
Recent studies indicate that Family with sequence similarity 20 member C (FAM20C) catalyzes the phosphorylation of secreted proteins, and participates in a variety of biological processes, including cell proliferation, migration, mineralization and phosphate homeostasis. To explore the local influences of FAM20C on osteoblast, Fam20c-deficient osteoblasts were generated by treating the immortalized Fam20c(f/f) osteoblasts with CMV-Cre-IRES-EGFP lentivirus. Compared with the normal Fam20c(f/f) osteoblasts, the expression of Bone sialoprotein (Bsp), Osteocalcin (Ocn), Fibroblast growth factor 23 (Fgf23) and transcription factors that promote osteoblast maturation were up-regulated in the Fam20c-deficient osteoblasts...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926099/anti-osteoporosis-activity-of-sanguinarine-in-preosteoblast-mc3t3-e1-cells-and-an-ovariectomized-rat-model
#11
Fuzhan Zhang, Jile Xie, Genlin Wang, Ge Zhang, Huilin Yang
Sanguinarine, a benzophenanthridine alkaloid, has been previously demonstrated to exert antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. A previous study has identified Sanguinarine as a potential drug candidate for osteoporosis treatment by computational bioinformatics analysis. This study further evaluated the effects of Sanguinarine on the differentiation of murine preosteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells and its anti-osteoporosis activity in an ovarietomized rat model. Sanguinarine treatment (0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 µM) of MC3T3-E1 cells significantly increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and the phoshporalyation of AMP-activated protein kinase α subunit (AMPKα), but did not affect cell proliferation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923538/three-dimensional-nano-architected-scaffolds-with-tunable-stiffness-for-efficient-bone-tissue-growth
#12
Alessandro Maggi, Hanqing Li, Julia R Greer
The precise mechanisms that lead to orthopedic implant failure are not well understood; it is believed that the micromechanical environment at the bone-implant interface regulates structural stability of an implant. In this work, we seek to understand how the 3D mechanical environment of an implant affects bone formation during early osteointegration. We employed two-photon lithography (TPL) direct laser writing to fabricate 3-dimensional rigid polymer scaffolds with tetrakaidecahedral periodic geometry, herewith referred to as nanolattices, whose strut dimensions were on the same order as osteoblasts' focal adhesions (∼2μm) and pore sizes on the order of cell size, ∼10μm...
September 15, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923346/role-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptors-fgfr-and-fgfr-like-1-fgfrl1-in-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-differentiation-to-osteoblasts-and-adipocytes
#13
T E Kähkönen, K K Ivaska, M Jian, K G Büki, H K Väänänen, P L Härkönen
Fibroblast growth factors (FGF) and their receptors (FGFRs) regulate many developmental processes including differentiation of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC). We developed two MSC lines capable of differentiating to osteoblasts and adipocytes and studied the role of FGFRs in this process. We identified FGFR2 and fibroblast growth factor receptor like-1 (FGFRL1) as possible actors in MSC differentiation with gene microarray and qRT-PCR. FGFR2 and FGFRL1 mRNA expression strongly increased during MSC differentiation to osteoblasts...
September 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923271/biological-effects-of-orthodontic-tooth-movement-into-the-grafted-alveolar-cleft
#14
Jian Sun, Xiaoyue Zhang, Renmei Li, Zhengxi Chen, Yuanliang Huang, Zhenqi Chen
PURPOSE: Functional stimulus during orthodontic tooth movement into the grafted bone can lead to better alveolar bone grafting outcomes. The aim of this study was to analyze the biological effects of orthodontic tooth movement into the grafted alveolar cleft area with histologic staining, fluorescence staining, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An animal model of orthodontic tooth movement into the grafted alveolar cleft area was established in 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921936/sprouty2-is-involved-in-the-control-of-osteoblast-proliferation-and-differentiation-through-the-fgf-and-bmp-signaling-pathways
#15
Takaharu Taketomi, Tomohiro Onimura, Daigo Yoshiga, Daichi Muratsu, Terukazu Sanui, Takao Fukuda, Jingo Kusukawa, Seiji Nakamura
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) play essential roles in bone formation and osteoblast activity through the extracellular signal regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and Smad pathways. Sprouty family members are intracellular inhibitors of the FGF signaling pathway, and four orthologs of Sprouty have been identified in mammals. In vivo analyses have revealed that Sprouty2 is associated with bone formation. However, the mechanism by which the Sprouty family controls bone formation has not been clarified...
September 16, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921822/construction-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-oriented-bone-matrix-microstructure-by-using-in-vitro-engineered-anisotropic-culture-model
#16
Ryosuke Ozasa, Aira Matsugaki, Yoshihiro Isobe, Taro Saku, Hui-Suk Yun, Takayoshi Nakano
Bone tissue has anisotropic microstructure based on collagen/biological apatite orientation, which plays essential roles in the mechanical and biological functions of bone. However, obtaining an appropriate anisotropic microstructure during the bone regeneration process remains a great challenging. A powerful strategy for the control of both differentiation and structural development of newly-formed bone is required in bone tissue engineering, in order to realize functional bone tissue regeneration. In this study, we developed a novel anisotropic culture model by combining human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and artificially-controlled oriented collagen scaffold...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921615/plasticizer-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-interferes-with-osteoblastogenesis-and-adipogenesis-in-a-mouse-model
#17
Chen-Yuan Chiu, Shih-Chun Sun, Chih-Kang Chiang, Ching-Chia Wang, Ding-Cheng Chan, Huang-Jen Chen, Shing-Hwa Liu, Rong-Sen Yang
Plasticizer di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) can leach from medical devices such as blood storage bags and the tubing. Recently, epidemiological studies showed that phthalate metabolites levels in the urine are associated with low bone mineral density (BMD) in older women. The detailed effect and mechanism of DEHP on osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis and bone loss remain to be clarified. Here, we investigated the effect and mechanism of DEHP and its active metabolite mono(2 -ethylhexyl)phthalate (MEHP) on osteoblastogenesis and adipogenesis...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919925/in-vitro-evaluation-of-polylactic-acid-pla-manufactured-by-fused-deposition-modeling
#18
Matthias C Wurm, Tobias Möst, Bastian Bergauer, Dominik Rietzel, Friedrich Wilhelm Neukam, Sandra C Cifuentes, Cornelius von Wilmowsky
BACKGROUND: With additive manufacturing (AM) individual and biocompatible implants can be generated by using suitable materials. The aim of this study was to investigate the biological effects of polylactic acid (PLA) manufactured by Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) on osteoblasts in vitro according to European Norm / International Organization for Standardization 10,993-5. METHOD: Human osteoblasts (hFOB 1.19) were seeded onto PLA samples produced by FDM and investigated for cell viability by fluorescence staining after 24 h...
2017: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919892/serum-mediated-oxidative-stress-from-systemic-sclerosis-patients-affects-mesenchymal-stem-cell-function
#19
Guillaume Fonteneau, Claire Bony, Radjiv Goulabchand, Alexandre T J Maria, Alain Le Quellec, Sophie Rivière, Christian Jorgensen, Philippe Guilpain, Danièle Noël
OBJECTIVES: Properties of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) from systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients have been reported to be altered. MSC-based therapy may therefore rely on the use of allogeneic MSCs from healthy subjects. Here, we investigated whether heterologous MSCs could exhibit altered properties following exposure to oxidative environment of SSc sera. METHODS: Human bone marrow-derived MSCs were cultured in the presence of various sera: control human serum AB (SAB), SAB with HOCl-induced AOPPs at 400 or 1,000 µmol/L (SAB400 or SAB1000, respectively), or H2O2-induced AOPPs or SSc patient serum (PS)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919512/strontium-and-magnesium-ions-released-from-bioactive-titanium-metal-promote-early-bone-bonding-in-a-rabbit-implant-model
#20
Yaichiro Okuzu, Shunsuke Fujibayashi, Seiji Yamaguchi, Koji Yamamoto, Takayoshi Shimizu, Takashi Sono, Koji Goto, Bungo Otsuki, Tomiharu Matsushita, Tadashi Kokubo, Shuichi Matsuda
We have previously developed the "alkali and heat treatment" method to confer bioactivity (bone-bonding ability) to titanium metal (Ti). As strontium (Sr) and magnesium (Mg) ions reportedly promote osteoblastic cell proliferation and differentiation and accelerate bone formation, we improved this method to induce the release of Sr (Sr-Ti) or Mg (Mg-Ti) ions from Ti in a previous study. Here, we evaluated the bioactivity of these novel surface treatments, Sr-Ti and Mg-Ti. In vitro evaluation of cell viability, expression of integrin β1, β catenin, and cyclin D1, osteogenic gene expression, alkaline phosphatase activity, and extracellular mineralization using MC3T3-E1 cells revealed that Sr-Ti and Mg-Ti enhanced proliferation and osteogenic differentiation...
September 14, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
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