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Martina Doubková, Michal Karpíšek, Jiri Mazoch, Jana Skřičková, Michael Doubek
BACKGROUND: Identification of serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) biomarkers may facilitate diagnosis and prognostication in various lung disorders. OBJECTIVE: Serum and BALF levels of surfactant protein A (SP-A), surfactant protein D (SP-D), Clara cell protein 16 (CC16), S100 protein, trefoil factor 3 (TFF3), and prostatic secretory protein 94 (PSP94) were evaluated in 94 consecutive patients (idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF; n=18), sarcoidosis (n=25), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD; n=51)), and in 155 healthy controls...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
Stefan Thiem, Moritz F Eissmann, Emma Stuart, Joachim Elzer, Anna Jonas, Michael Buchert, Matthias Ernst
Temporal and spatial regulation of genes mediated by tissue-specific promoters and conditional gene expression systems provide a powerful tool to study gene function in health, disease and during development. Although transgenic mice expressing the Cre recombinase in the gastric epithelium have been reported, there is a lack of models that allow inducible and reversible gene modification in the stomach. Here, we exploited the gastrointestinal epithelium-specific expression pattern of the three trefoil factor (Tff) genes and bacterial artificial chromosome transgenesis to generate a novel mouse strain that expresses the CreERT2 recombinase and the reverse tetracycline transactivator (rtTA)...
October 12, 2016: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
Sara Kjaer Bastholm, Mie Hesselund Samson, Naja Becher, Lea Kirstine Hansen, Peter Reimer Stubbe, Ioannis S Chronakis, Ebba Nexo, Niels Uldbjerg
INTRODUCTION: The viscoelastic properties of the cervical mucus plug are considered essential for the occlusion of the cervical canal and thereby for protection against ascending infections during pregnancy. Factors controlling this property are virtually unknown. This study explores a possible role of trefoil factor peptides 1, 2 and 3 (TFF1-3); peptides believed to influence mucus viscosity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is based on spontaneously shed cervical mucus plugs from 14 women in active labor...
October 12, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Mohamed Diwan M AbdulHameed, Danielle L Ippolito, Jonathan D Stallings, Anders Wallqvist
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by drug and toxicant ingestion is a serious clinical condition associated with high mortality rates. We currently lack detailed knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms and biological networks associated with AKI. In this study, we carried out gene co-expression analyses using DrugMatrix-a large toxicogenomics database with gene expression data from rats exposed to diverse chemicals-and identified gene modules associated with kidney injury to probe the molecular-level details of this disease...
October 10, 2016: BMC Genomics
Friederike Hoellen, Athina Kostara, Thomas Karn, Uwe Holtrich, Ahmed El-Balat, Mike Otto, Achim Rody, Lars C Hanker
The role of trefoil factor 3 (intestinal) (TFF3) has been analyzed in numerous cancers, such as breast and gastrointestinal cancer, and has been associated with poor prognosis. However, the role of TFF3 in ovarian cancers is not clear. Expression analysis of TFF3 in 91 ovarian cancer patients was performed by immunohistochemistry of primary paraffin-embedded tumor samples. The results were scored according to staining intensity and percentage of positive tumor cells resulting in an immune-reactive score (IRS) of 0-12...
October 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jan Große-Kreul, Maike Busch, Claudia Winter, Stefanie Pikos, Harald Stephan, Nicole Dünker
Trefoil factor family (TFF) peptides have been shown to effect cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of normal cells and various cancer cell lines. In the literature TFF peptides are controversially discussed as tumor suppressors and potential tumor progression factors. In the study presented, we investigated the effect of TFF3 overexpression on growth, viability, migration and tumorigenicity of the human retinoblastoma cell lines Y-79, WERI-Rb1, RBL-13 and RBL-15. As revealed by WST-1 and TUNEL assays as well as DAPI and BrdU cell counts, recombinant human TFF3 significantly lowers retinoblastoma cell viability and increases apoptosis levels...
2016: PloS One
Premila Paiva, Michelle G Lockhart, Jane E Girling, Moshe Olshansky, Nicole Woodrow, Jennifer L Marino, Martha Hickey, Peter A W Rogers
STUDY QUESTION: Does the changing molecular profile of the endometrium during menstruation correlate with the histological profile of menstruation. SUMMARY ANSWER: We identified several genes not previously associated with menstruation; on Day 2 of menstruation (early-menstruation), processes related to inflammation are predominantly up-regulated and on Day 4 (late-menstruation), the endometrium is predominantly repairing and regenerating. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Menstruation is induced by progesterone withdrawal at the end of the menstrual cycle and involves endometrial tissue breakdown, regeneration and repair...
September 8, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
G J Barrera, G Sanchez Tortolero
Trefoil factors are effector molecules in gastrointestinal tract physiology. Each one improves healing of the gastrointestinal tract. Trefoil factors may be grouped into three classes: the gastric peptides (TFF1), spasmolytic peptide (TFF2) and intestinal trefoil factor (TFF3). Significant amounts of TFF3 are present in human breast milk. Previously, we have reported that trefoil factor 3 isolated from human breast milk produces down regulation of cytokines and promotes human beta defensins expression in intestinal epithelial cells...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Yu Fu, Lana Gaelings, Petri Jalovaara, Laura Kakkola, Mervi T Kinnunen, Hannimari Kallio-Kokko, Miia Valkonen, Anu Kantele, Denis E Kainov
Influenza A viruses (IAV) mutate rapidly and cause seasonal epidemics and occasional pandemics, which result in substantial number of patient visits to the doctors and even hospitalizations. We aimed here to identify inflammatory proteins, which levels correlated to clinical severity of the disease. For this we analysed 102 cytokines and growth factors in human nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) samples of 27 hospitalized and 27 outpatients diagnosed with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection. We found that the relative levels of monocyte differentiation antigen CD14, lipocalin-2 (LCN2), C-C-motif chemokine 20 (CCL20), CD147, urokinase plasminogen activator surface receptor (uPAR), pro-epidermal growth factor (EGF), trefoil factor 3 (TFF3), and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) were significantly lower (p<0...
October 2016: Cytokine
Diana Henze, Wolf-Dietrich Doecke, Daniela Hornung, Inoncent Agueusop, Oliver von Ahsen, Kathrin Machens, Arndt A Schmitz, Isabella Gashaw
This study analyzed whether trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) is locally elevated and correlated with common biomarkers and inflammatory processes in endometriosis. Peritoneal fluid (PF) was obtained from 50 women and serum from 124 women with or without endometriosis. Experimental endometriosis was induced in female C57BL/6 mice by syngeneic transplantation of uterine tissue to the abdominal wall. Levels of TFF3 in PF of women with endometriosis were significantly increased (P < .05) and correlated with local levels of known biomarkers for endometriosis: cancer antigen (CA) 125, CA-19-9, interleukin 8, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, and matrix metalloproteinase 7...
June 20, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Yi-Xiao Luo, Hua Han, Juan Shao, Yuan Gao, Xi Yin, Wei-Li Zhu, Ying Han, Hai-Shui Shi
Neuropeptides play important roles in modulating the rewarding value of abused drugs. Trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) was recently reported to modulate withdrawal syndrome of morphine, but the effects of TFF3 on the cocaine-induced behavioral changes are still elusive. In the present study, cocaine-induced hyperlocomotion and conditioned place preference (CPP) rat paradigms were provided to investigate the role of TFF3 in the reward response to cocaine. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis was used to analyse the dopamine concentration...
2016: Scientific Reports
M-J Ma, B Han, S-Q Xu
BACKGROUND: To determine the relationship between the serum concentration of trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) and gastrointestinal failure (GIF) in pediatric critical illness in order to provide knowledge for disease management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 137 cases and divided them into three groups, including a control group (group A), critical illness without GIF (group B), and critical illness with GIF (group C). The serum TFF3 concentration was determined by ELISA and compared among the groups...
July 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
So-Young Lee, Hwain Kim, Kyoungmi Kim, Hyunji Lee, Seungbok Lee, Daekee Lee
Coordinated regulation of the actin cytoskeleton by the Rho GTPase family is required for the maintenance of polarity in epithelial cells as well as for their proliferation and migration. A RhoGTPase-activating protein 17 (Arhgap17) is known to be involved in multiple cellular processes in vitro, including the maintenance of tight junctions and vesicle trafficking. However, the function of Arhgap17 has not been studied in the physiological context. Here, we generated Arhgap17-deficient mice and examined the effect in the epithelial and mucosal barriers of the intestine...
2016: Scientific Reports
Hsin-Yu Kuo, Wei-Lun Chang, Yi-Chun Yeh, Yu-Ching Tsai, Chung-Tai Wu, Hsiu-Chi Cheng, Hsiao-Bai Yang, Cheng-Chang Lu, Bor-Shyang Sheu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastric cancer has familial clustering in incidence, and the familial relatives of gastric cancer sufferers are prone to have spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM), and intestinal metaplasia (IM) after H. pylori infection. This study tested whether serum pepsinogen I/II and trefoil factor family (TFF) proteins can predict SPEM or IM in the H. pylori-infected relatives of patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 119 H...
May 25, 2016: Helicobacter
Jingfang Wu, Dongmei Wang, Gang Xue, Yamin Chen, Wenjing Zhang, Jing Zhang, Shaoying Li
OBJECTIVE: Trefoil factor 3 plays a pivot role in oncogenic transformation, growth and metastatic extension of solid tumours besides mucosal protection. We screened the best siRNA sequence targeting human TFF3 by the transient-transfection of the lentiviral mediated shRNA into thyroid carcinoma K1 cells which secrete TFF3 themselves. METHOD: Four siRNA transcription template hairpin structure target potential sites in human TFF3 mRNA sequence(132,170,258 and 537 bp,seperately) were selected and synthesized,as well as one negative shRNA(shRNAC)...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Wenqian Chen, Arjumand Husain, Gregg S Nelson, Peter F Rambau, Shuhong Liu, Cheng-Han Lee, Sandra Lee, Máire A Duggan, Martin Köbel
Endometrial serous carcinoma (ESC) is an aggressive neoplasm mainly seen in older women. The objective of this study was to refine immunohistochemical (IHC) panels for the differential diagnoses against endometrial endometrioid grade 3 (EC3), endometrial clear cell, and ovarian high-grade serous carcinoma as well as exploring the prognostic role of selected IHC markers. Fifty-two ESC from a single institution were assessed for 20 IHC markers, including ARID1A, CCNE1, CDKN2A, ERBB2, ESR1, HNF1B, FBXW7, IGF2BP3, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, NAPSA, PAX8, PGR, PMS2, PTEN, TFF3, TP53, VIM, and WT1...
May 10, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Ju Yup Lee, Kyung Sik Park, Hyun-Gyo Lee, Won-Ki Baek, Kwang Bum Cho, Yoo Jin Lee, Yoon Suk Lee, Seung-Wan Ryu
Emerging data show that serum trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) alone and combined with the serum pepsinogen (PG) test can increase the diagnostic yield of gastric cancer. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum TFF3 for the screening of gastric cancer in Korean patients, especially for the screening of the diffuse type of gastric cancer, and compared TFF3 to the serum PG test. We enrolled 25 healthy controls and 79 subjects with gastric cancer who underwent endoscopic resection or surgery from June 2006 to June 2015...
May 6, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Cristina Hernández-Chirlaque, Carlos J Aranda, Borja Ocón, Fermín Capitán-Cañadas, Mercedes Ortega-González, Juan Jesús Carrero, María Dolores Suárez, Antonio Zarzuelo, Fermín Sánchez de Medina, Olga Martínez-Augustin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Intestinal microbiota is required to maintain immune homeostasis and intestinal barrier function. At the same time, intraluminal bacteria are considered to be involved in inflammatory bowel disease and are required for colitis induction in animal models, with the possible exception of dextran sulphate sodium [DSS] colitis. This study was carried out to ascertain the mechanism underlying the induction of colitis by DSS in the absence of bacteria. METHODS: Conventional and germ-free [GF] Naval Medical Research Institute [NMRI] mice were used, plus conventional mice treated with an antibiotic cocktail to deplete the intestinal microbiota ['pseudo-GF' or PGF mice]...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Zinah Zwaini, Dalia Alammari, Simon Byrne, Cordula Stover
Proximal tubular epithelial cells are particularly sensitive to damage. In search of a biomarker, this study evaluated the potential of different cell activation models (hypoxia/replenishment and protein overload) to lead to a release of trefoil factor 3 (TFF3). Surprisingly, we found disparity in the ability of the different stimuli to enhance the intracellular abundance of TFF3 and its release: while conditions of nutrient starvation and damage associated with replenishment lead to intracellular abundance of TFF3 in the absence of TFF3 release, stimulation with an excess amount of albumin did not yield accumulation of TFF3...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Philipp Arnold, Uta Rickert, Ann-Kristin Helmers, Jessica Spreu, Janna Schneppenheim, Ralph Lucius
Microglial cells are a major source of pro-inflammatory cytokines during central nervous system (CNS) inflammation. They can develop a pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype and an anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype. Shifting the phenotype from M1 to M2 might be an important mechanism to overcome CNS inflammation and to prevent or reduce neuronal damage. Here, we demonstrate that the anti-inflammatory protein trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) is secreted by astrocytes and that its transcription is significantly reduced after incubation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
July 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
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