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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469046/gender-specific-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-among-community-elderly
#1
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahla Cheraghi, Mohammad Zamani, Farzan Kheirkhah, Ali Bijani, Seyed Reza Hosseini
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the gender-specific predictors of depressive symptoms among an Iranian elderly community population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was performed on elderly subjects (aged ≥60 yr) who participated in the Amirkola Health and Aging Project, Amirkola, Babol, northern Iran in 2011-12. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Fourteen variables, including marital status, age, education, occupation, living alone, social support, dependency in daily activities, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, chronic pain, medicine use, comorbidities, and cognitive impairment, were analyzed as predictors of depression...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468634/kososan-a-kampo-medicine-prevents-a-social-avoidance-behavior-and-attenuates-neuroinflammation-in-socially-defeated-mice
#2
Naoki Ito, Eiji Hirose, Tatsuya Ishida, Atsushi Hori, Takayuki Nagai, Yoshinori Kobayashi, Hiroaki Kiyohara, Tetsuro Oikawa, Toshihiko Hanawa, Hiroshi Odaguchi
BACKGROUND: Kososan, a Kampo (traditional Japanese herbal) medicine, has been used for the therapy of depressive mood in humans. However, evidence for the antidepressant efficacy of kososan and potential mechanisms are lacking. Recently, it has been recognized that stress triggers neuroinflammation and suppresses adult neurogenesis, leading to depression and anxiety. Here, we examined whether kososan extract affected social behavior in mice exposed to chronic social defeat stress (CSDS), an animal model of prolonged psychosocial stress, and neuroinflammation induced by CSDS...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463853/the-role-of-activists-in-access-to-hiv-and-tuberculosis-treatment-and-prevention
#3
Nathan Geffen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We describe the role of activism in improving access to quality HIV treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: In many countries, AIDS activists have campaigned for improved access to HIV treatment and prevention interventions. Studying medicine, epidemiology and law, and developing expertise in these fields, has been crucial to the success of these campaigns. Also important has been the building of alliances by activists with clinicians, nurses, scientists, and public health policy experts, persuading them of the importance of these campaigns...
April 29, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458073/community-directed-mass-drug-administration-is-undermined-by-status-seeking-in-friendship-networks-and-inadequate-trust-in-health-advice-networks
#4
Goylette F Chami, Andreas A Kontoleon, Erwin Bulte, Alan Fenwick, Narcis B Kabatereine, Edridah M Tukahebwa, David W Dunne
Over 1.9 billion individuals require preventive chemotherapy through mass drug administration (MDA). Community-directed MDA relies on volunteer community medicine distributors (CMDs) and their achievement of high coverage and compliance. Yet, it is unknown if village social networks influence effective MDA implementation by CMDs. In Mayuge District, Uganda, census-style surveys were conducted for 16,357 individuals from 3,491 households in 17 villages. Praziquantel, albendazole, and ivermectin were administered for one month in community-directed MDA to treat Schistosoma mansoni, hookworm, and lymphatic filariasis...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443981/mapping-the-dengue-scientific-landscape-worldwide-a-bibliometric-and-network-analysis
#5
Fabio Batista Mota, Bruna de Paula Fonseca E Fonseca, Andréia Cristina Galina, Roseli Monteiro da Silva
BACKGROUND: Despite the current global trend of reduction in the morbidity and mortality of neglected diseases, dengue's incidence has increased and occurrence areas have expanded. Dengue also persists as a scientific and technological challenge since there is no effective treatment, vaccine, vector control or public health intervention. Combining bibliometrics and social network analysis methods can support the mapping of dengue research and development (R&D) activities worldwide. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to map the scientific scenario related to dengue research worldwide...
May 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435813/medical-care-or-disciplinary-discourses-preventive-measures-against-the-black-death-in-late-medieval-paris-a-brief-review
#6
REVIEW
Yong Jin Hong, Sam Hun Park
BACKGROUND: This paper examined the political and social implications of the Compendium de epidemia prescription written by the Masters of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Paris in the mid-14th century during the Black Death. This study aimed to examine how the effects of power as a discourse owned by medical knowledge are revealed. METHODS: This paper outlines the composition of the contents based on the 1888 edition edited and translated by Émile H...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431368/correlates-of-perceived-stigma-for-people-living-with-epilepsy-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ying Shi, Shouqi Wang, Jie Ying, Meiling Zhang, Pengcheng Liu, Huanhuan Zhang, Jiao Sun
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy, one of the most common, serious chronic neurological diseases, is accompanied by different levels of perceived stigma that affects people in almost all age groups. This stigma can negatively impact the physical and mental health of people living with epilepsy (PLWE). Good knowledge of perceived stigma for PLWE is important. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to identify the correlates of perceived stigma for PLWE. METHODS: Studies on factors associated with perceived stigma for PLWE, including sociodemographic, psychosocial, and disease-related variables, were searched in PubMed, PsychINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science...
May 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414847/-collective-health-in-brazil-analyzing-the-institutionalization-process
#8
Everardo Duarte Nunes
This work first analyzes the construction of a typology of the studies on collective health and its institutionalization process in Brazil, in which three stages are proposed: the preventive project, social medicine and collective health. Secondly, the work examines the phases of institutionalization, disciplinarization and professionalization of collective health in Brazil. Within the institutionalization phase, the study analyzes connectivity and communication, regularization of discourses and practices, the construction of a separate identity and political actions, and the incorporation and legitimation of these elements...
July 2016: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410120/snp_tata_comparator-genomewide-landmarks-for-preventive-personalized-medicine
#9
Mikhail Ponomarenko, Dmitry Rasskazov, Irina Chadaeva, Ekaterina Sharypova, Petr Ponomarenko, Olga Arkova, Elena Kashina, Nikita Ivanisenko, Dmitry Zhechev, Ludmila Savinkova, Nikolay Kolchanov
Year after year, conditions, quality, and duration of human lives have been improving due to the progress of science, technology, education, and medicine, which however has a downside. Owing to improvement in children's nutrition, developmental acceleration occurs that imbalances a child's system. Because of virtual worlds of the Internet, social experience of teenagers expands and clashes with puberty of adolescents. Due to the comfort of cities, urbanization emerges and causes stress to adults because of artificial light, noise, pollution, violations of personal space, and family disruption...
June 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403911/predomos-study-impact-of-a-social-intervention-program-for-socially-isolated-elderly-cancer-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Elodie Crétel-Durand, Emilie Nouguerède, Hervé Le Caer, Frédérique Rousseau, Frédérique Retornaz, Olivier Guillem, Anne-Laure Couderc, Laurent Greillier, Emmanuelle Norguet, Maud Cécile, Rabia Boulahssass, Francoise Le Caer, Sandrine Tournier, Chantal Butaud, Pierre Guillet, Sophie Nahon, Laure Poudens, Sylvie Kirscher, Sandrine Loubière, Nadine Diaz, Jean Dhorne, Pascal Auquier, Karine Baumstarck
BACKGROUND: Cancer incidence and social isolation increase along with advanced age, and social isolation potentiates the relative risk of death by cancer. Once spotted, social isolation can be averted with the intervention of a multidisciplinary team. Techniques of automation and remote assistance have already demonstrated their positive impact on falls prevention and quality of life (QoL), though little is known about their impact on socially isolated elderly patients supported for cancer...
April 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395423/-a-pilot-study-to-explore-a-registry-method-for-acute-cardiovascular-events
#11
L Hou, W Han, Y Tang, F Xue, S H Liang, W Z Wang, B Zhang, H Y Pang, Y Y Wang, Z X Wang, Y D Hu, L Wang, M T Zhang, J M Jiang
Objective: To explore a registry method for acute cardiovascular events in large-scale fields across China. Methods: This study was based on a community-based Kazakh cohort, including 1 668 persons with complete baseline data, conducted in Altay, Xinjiang. Acute cardiovascular events included acute myocardial infarction(ICD-10: I21-I22), sudden cardiac death (I46.1), and incident stroke (I60-I64) that occurred during the period from Oct 1, 2012 to Jun 30, 2016. There were three stages, a hospital-based search for checking medical records of inpatients in all four local hospitals, a community-based supplementary registry, and an extra survey for reducing false negatives, to complete this registry...
April 4, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366902/contextualized-autonomy-and-liberalism-broadening-the-lenses-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Eric Racine, John Aspler, Cynthia Forlini, Jennifer A Chandler
Given advances in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research, some experts have proposed a state of "preclinical" AD to describe asymptomatic individuals displaying certain biomarkers. The diagnostic accuracy of these biomarkers remains debated; however, given economic pressures, this "diagnosis" may eventually reach consumers. Since evidence-based prevention and treatment options remain only modestly effective, patients may turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). We explore ethical challenges associated with CAM use in preclinical AD...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332102/health-problems-among-street-children-seeking-care-in-the-center-for-social-and-preventive-medicine-in-egypt
#13
Hoda Ibrahim Rizk, Nihal Mohamed El Rifai, Hana Mohamed Aboulghar
BACKGROUND: In Egypt, around 1 million children are on the streets. Street children's health is an issue that is not well researched. The objective of the current study was to determine the health problems of a targeted group of street children seeking medical care and to generate a hypothesis about the positive/negative role of street children care organizations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done on 2169 street children who sought medical care at El-Basma clinic at the Center for Social and Preventive Medicine in Cairo University Children Hospital from January 2011 to July 2014...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250915/the-reset-mindset-model-applied-on-decreasing-antibiotic-usage-in-dairy-cattle-in-the-netherlands
#14
REVIEW
T J G M Lam, J Jansen, R J Wessels
BACKGROUND: Prudent use of antibiotics is important to prevent antibiotic resistance in humans and in animals. For this reason politicians demanded a decrease of total antibiotic use and of use of critically important antibiotics in animal husbandry in the Netherlands. In the dairy sector the use of antibiotics almost halved in the years 2009-2015, with a decrease of the use of critically important antibiotics to very low levels. THEORY OF BEHAVIOUR CHANGE: To realize a sustainable decrease in antibiotic usage, the mindset towards the subject was considered crucial...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248974/the-effect-of-randomised-exposure-to-different-types-of-natural-outdoor-environments-compared-to-exposure-to-an-urban-environment-on-people-with-indications-of-psychological-distress-in-catalonia
#15
Margarita Triguero-Mas, Christopher J Gidlow, David Martínez, Jeroen de Bont, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Tania Martínez-Íñiguez, Gemma Hurst, Daniel Masterson, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Marc V Jones, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Experimental studies have reported associations between short-term exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE) and health benefits. However, they lack insight into mechanisms, often have low external and ecological validity, and have rarely focused on people with some psycho-physiological affection. The aim of this study was to use a randomized, case-crossover design to investigate: (i) the effects of unconstrained exposure to real natural and urban environments on psycho-physiological indicators of people with indications of psychological distress, (ii) the possible differential effects of 30 and 30+180 minutes exposures, and (iii) the possible mechanisms explaining these effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236991/-how-to-assess-curative-and-or-preventive-effects-of-psychotropic-drugs
#16
T Bottai, D Pringuey, R Belzeaux, M Adida, J-M Azorin
Proving the efficacy of a psychotropic drug is a medical, scientific and ethical need. Psychotropic drug development is now a highly complex process, which takes several years and which is very expensive. It involves multiple steps of preclinical and clinical pharmacological refinement and testing. Methodology of studies to prove curative or preventive effect of psychotropic drugs is well codified. Preclinical studies include pharmacokinetic data, toxicology and performance in various animal models of pathology...
December 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204902/-medical-rehabilitation-from-a%C3%A2-lifespan-perspective
#17
Michael Linden, Sebastian Bernert, Ariane Funke, Karsten E Dreinhöfer, Michael Jöbges, Ernst von Kardorff, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Karla Spyra, Heinz Völler, Petra Warschburger, Pia-Maria Wippert
Lifespan research investigates the development of individuals over the course of life. As medical rehabilitation deals with primary and secondary prophylaxis, treatment, and compensation of chronic illnesses, a lifespan perspective is needed for the classification and diagnosis of chronic disorders, the assessment of course modifying factors, the identification of vulnerable life periods and critical incidents, the implementation of preventive measures, the development of methods for the evaluation of prior treatments, the selection and prioritization of interventions, including specialized inpatient rehabilitation, the coordination of therapies and therapists, and for evaluations in social and forensic medicine...
February 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192033/seven-foundational-principles-of-population-health-policy
#18
Dru Bhattacharya, Jay Bhatt
In 2016, Keyes and Galea issued 9 foundational principles of population health science and invited further deliberations by specialists to advance the field. This article presents 7 foundational principles of population health policy whose intersection with health care, public health, preventive medicine, and now population health, presents unique challenges. These principles are in response to a number of overarching questions that have arisen in over a decade of the authors' collective practice in the public and private sectors, and having taught policy within programs of medicine, law, nursing, and public health at the graduate and executive levels...
February 13, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160764/vaccination-attitudes-and-practices-of-integrative-medicine-physicians
#19
Laura Jean Buehning, Kenneth Michael Peddecord
Context • The growth of Internet-based information and social networking has increased the accessibility and importance of antivaccine information. That information has led to a questioning of vaccination schedules and policies by many individuals. Although the attitudes of complementary and alternative practitioners, such as homeopaths and chiropractic students, toward vaccination have been assessed, despite the growth of integrative medicine, no assessment of the attitudes and practices regarding vaccination of these physicians has been performed...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144788/-expectations-and-attitudes-concerning-geriatric-counseling-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-among-general-practitioners-and-hospital-based-providers-in-two-german-states
#20
H Burkhardt, C Trojan
BACKGROUND: Expertise in geriatrics in the field of ambulatory and hospital-based treatment does not have access to comparable medical specialist structures, such as those in internal medicine and neurology; therefore, it is recommended that geriatric diagnostics by general practitioners can be supported by networking with hospital-based geriatric centers for geriatric counseling. The attitudes and experiences of both faculties in Germany are, however, not well known. METHODS: Representative samples of general practitioners and hospital-based faculty departments for internal medicine in two regions of Germany (Baden-Württemberg and Hessen) were identified using a systematic selection method...
January 31, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
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