keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

preventive and social medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332412/-investigation-of-the-burnout-syndrome-among-the-employees-of-the-department-of-emergency-medicine-at-the-university-of-szeged
#1
Emőke Adrienn Hompoth, Annamária Töreki, Zoltán Pető
INTRODUCTION: Burnout has been described as a growing problem amongst healthcare workers. Emergency department staffs experience the burden of stress day by day, yet only a few studies have examined their burnout. AIM: In this study we wanted to investigate the burnout and its relations to other variables amongst the employees of the Department of Emergency Medicine in Szeged. METHOD: Cross-sectional design utilizing a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the staff of the Department...
January 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331970/is-there-a-social-gradient-of-sarcopenia-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-protocol
#2
Darci Green, Gustavo Duque, Nick Fredman, Aoun Rizvi, Sharon Lee Brennan-Olsen
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia (or loss of muscle mass and function) is a relatively new area within the field of musculoskeletal research and medicine. Investigating whether there is a social gradient, including occupation type and income level, of sarcopenia, as observed for other diseases, will contribute significantly to the limited evidence base for this disease. This new information may inform the prevention and management of sarcopenia and widen the evidence base to support existing and future health campaigns...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327981/hiv-aids-outreach-curriculum-development-and-skills-training-to-health-and-information-professionals
#3
Gretchen M Kuntz, Nancy Schaefer, Hannah F Norton, Michele R Tennant
With funding from the National Library of Medicine HIV/AIDS Community Information Outreach Program (ACIOP), librarians at the University of Florida Health Sciences Libraries partnered with university and community groups to facilitate collaboration, develop new information resources, develop information-seeking skills, and raise general awareness surrounding HIV/AIDS risks, prevention, and treatment. This article describes the skills development elements of the project, including development and implementation of an HIV/AIDS information resource curriculum for health care providers, social services professionals, and public librarians within the project's partner organizations...
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325565/impact-of-social-relationships-on-alzheimer-s-memory-impairment-mechanistic-studies
#4
REVIEW
Ya-Hsin Hsiao, Chih-Hua Chang, Po-Wu Gean
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive memory and neuronal loss culminating in cognitive impairment that not only affects a person's living ability but also becomes a society's as well as a family's economic burden. AD is the most common form of dementia in older persons. It is expected that the number of people with AD dementia will increase dramatically in the next 30 years, projecting to 75 million in 2030 and 131.5 million in 2050 worldwide. So far, no sufficient evidence is available to support that any medicine is able to prevent or reverse the progression of the disease...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319603/population-neuroscience-dementia-epidemiology-serving-precision-medicine-and-population-health
#5
Mary Ganguli, Emiliano Albanese, Sudha Seshadri, David A Bennett, Constantine Lyketsos, Walter A Kukull, Ingmar Skoog, Hugh C Hendrie
Over recent decades, epidemiology has made significant contributions to our understanding of dementia, translating scientific discoveries into population health. Here, we propose reframing dementia epidemiology as "population neuroscience," blending techniques and models from contemporary neuroscience with those of epidemiology and biostatistics. On the basis of emerging evidence and newer paradigms and methods, population neuroscience will minimize the bias typical of traditional clinical research, identify the relatively homogenous subgroups that comprise the general population, and investigate broader and denser phenotypes of dementia and cognitive impairment...
January 9, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294791/mentoring-pediatric-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-reduces-recidivism
#6
Angela Lumba-Brown, Margie Batek, Pamela Choi, Martin Keller, Robert Kennedy
Pediatric interpersonal violence is a public health crisis resulting in morbidity and mortality and recidivism. St. Louis City and surrounding areas have the highest rates of youth interpersonal violence nationally. St. Louis Children's Hospital (SLCH) Social Work in conjunction with Pediatric Emergency Medicine established a novel emergency department (ED)-initiated program to determine whether co-location of services followed by outpatient mentoring reduced the rate of morbidity, mortality, and recidivism in youths experiencing interpersonal violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294669/college-sexual-assault-and-campus-climate-for-sexual-and-gender-minority-undergraduate-students
#7
Robert W S Coulter, Susan R Rankin
Sexual- and gender-minority (e.g., lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) undergraduate students are at greater risk for sexual assault victimization than their cisgender (i.e., nontransgender) heterosexual peers. However, few studies have examined how social environments affect sexual assault victimization among sexual- and gender-minority undergraduate students. Nevertheless, this research area was identified as a priority by the Institute of Medicine as well as President Barack Obama's White House Task Force to Protect Students From Sexual Assault...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289963/treatment-guidelines-for-circadian-rhythm-sleep-wake-disorders-of-the-polish-sleep-research-society-and-the-section-of-biological-psychiatry-of-the-polish-psychiatric-association-part-ii-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Adam Wichniak, Konrad S Jankowski, Michał Skalski, Krystyna Skwarło-Sońta, Jolanta B Zawilska, Marcin Żarowski, Ewa Poradowska, Wojciech Jernajczyk
AIM: Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWD) are a group of disorders, in which the timing of sleep and wakefulness significantly differs from a patient's expectations or socially acceptable times. The aimof the article is to present the current principles for the diagnosis and treatment of CRSWD in adults and children. METHOD: Guidelines proposed as CRSWD treatment standard are based on the recommendations from the scientific societies involved in the sleep research and medicine...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288827/antidepressant-like-effects-of-water-extract-of-gastrodia-elata-blume-on-neurotrophic-regulation-in-a-chronic-social-defeat-stress-model
#9
Yu-En Lin, Shao-Ting Chou, Shih-Hang Lin, Kuan-Hung Lu, Suraphan Panyod, Yi-Syuan Lai, Chi-Tang Ho, Lee-Yan Sheen
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY RELEVANCE: Gastrodia elata Blume (GE) is a traditional Chinese medicine commonly used to treat dizziness, epilepsy, paralysis and some emotional symptoms in east Asia. We previously showed that the water extract of Gastrodia elata Blume (WGE) possesses anti-depression like effects in a forced swimming test and chronic mild stress model. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to investigate the antidepressant-like effects of WGE and potential mechanisms related to brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) regulation in mice exposed to chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) model...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287299/-laudation-at-the-presentation-of-the-salomon-neumann-medal-2017-to-prof-dr-med-med-bernt-peter-robra-mph
#10
Heiner Raspe
The German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) confers the Salomon Neumann Medal for outstanding merit in the field of Preventive and Social Medicine. The Salomon Neumann Medal 2017 was awarded to Bernt-Peter Robra, Institute for Social Medicine and Health Economics (ISMG) of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg. It honours an outstanding representative of social medicine, in whose person and Institute the essential problem areas of social medicine as well as the competencies of the 3 scientific bodies that gathered in Lübeck - epidemiology, medical sociology and social medicine - and the sociopolitical engagement of Salomon Neumann come together...
December 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281497/poly-drug-use-of-prescription-medicine-among-people-with-opioid-use-disorder-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Tongyu Wang, Jun Ma, Rujia Wang, Zhimin Liu, Jie Shi, Lin Lu, Yanping Bao
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorder (OUD) causes substantial public health and social problems worldwide. Poly-drug use is common in people with OUD and increases morbidity and mortality. Investigation of the patterns and characteristics of poly-drug use of prescription medicine among opioid users is needed to develop appropriate prevention and intervention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of poly-drug use of prescription medicine among people with OUD in China using meta-analysis...
December 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248989/stratified-prevention-opportunities-and-limitations-report-on-the-1st-interdisciplinary-cardiovascular-workshop-in-augsburg
#12
Gregor Kirchhof, Josef Franz Lindner, Stephan Achenbach, Klaus Berger, Stefan Blankenberg, Heiner Fangerau, Henner Gimpel, Ulrich M Gassner, Jens Kersten, Dorothea Magnus, Herbert Rebscher, Heribert Schunkert, Stephan Rixen, Paulus Kirchhof
Sufficient exercise and sleep, a balanced diet, moderate alcohol consumption and a good approach to handle stress have been known as lifestyles that protect health and longevity since the Middle Age. This traditional prevention quintet, turned into a sextet by smoking cessation, has been the basis of the "preventive personality" that formed in the twentieth century. Recent analyses of big data sets including genomic and physiological measurements have unleashed novel opportunities to estimate individual health risks with unprecedented accuracy, allowing to target preventive interventions to persons at high risk and at the same time to spare those in whom preventive measures may not be needed or even be harmful...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248827/effect-of-dietary-counseling-on-preventing-excessive-weight-gain-during-pregnancy
#13
S B Abdel-Aziz, I S Hegazy, D A Mohamed, M M A Abu El Kasem, S S Hagag
OBJECTIVES: Excessive gestational weight gain (EGWG) is associated with short- and long-term health problems among mothers and their offspring. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of dietary counseling on EGWG. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled intervention trial. METHODS: The study was conducted at the antenatal care (ANC) clinic, Center for Social and Preventive Medicine, Pediatrics Hospital, Cairo University, during the period from July 2015 to April 2016...
January 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239587/redefining-medical-care
#14
Lauren R Roth
President Donald J. Trump has said he will repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and replace it with health savings accounts (HSAs). Conservatives have long preferred individual accounts to meet social welfare needs instead of more traditional entitlement programs. The types of "medical care" that can be reimbursed through an HSA are listed in section 213(d) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) and include expenses "for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body...
2017: Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227257/world-and-national-experience-in-organization-of-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#15
А Biduchak, Zh Chornenka
The aim of the study was to examine the global, European and national experience in the implementation of preventive programs and to reveal their value in health, economy and social health development. The conducted research has found that the implementation of the national program, the correct methodological approach of the physician to evaluate risk factors, and implementing preventive measures of diseases of the circulatory system bring positive results (reduction of prevalence and incidence of cerebral stroke by 13,7% and 1,4%, respectively)...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225195/strengthening-integration-of-clinical-and-public-health-systems-to-prevent-maternal-child-obesity-in-the-first-1-000days-a-collective-impact-approach
#16
Tiffany Blake-Lamb, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Sarah Matathia, Etna Tiburcio, Meghan E Perkins, Brianna Roche, Milton Kotelchuck, Derri Shtasel, Sarah N Price, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: Obesity interventions may be most effective if they begin in the earliest stages of life, support changes across family, clinical, and public health systems, and address socio-contextual factors. METHODS: The First 1000Days is a systematic program starting in early pregnancy lasting through the first 24months of infancy to prevent obesity among low-income mother-infant pairs in three community health centers in Massachusetts. The program uses a Collective Impact approach to create the infrastructure for sustained, system-wide changes for obesity prevention across early life clinical and public health services, including Obstetrics, Pediatrics, Adult Medicine, Behavioral Health, Nutrition, Community Health, the Women, Infants and Children (WIC) program, and the Maternal, Infant and Childhood Home Visiting program...
December 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201531/stigma-partners-providers-and-costs-potential-barriers-to-prep-uptake-among-us-women
#18
Lakshmi Goparaju, Nathan C Praschan, Lari Warren-Jeanpiere, Laure S Experton, Mary A Young, Seble Kassaye
Background: Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) use has remained low among US women while significantly increasing among men who have sex with men. Besides lack of awareness, women face several social and structural barriers in gaining access to and using PrEP. Methods: Four focus group discussions with 20 HIV-negative women who live in the Washington DC metropolitan area. Results: The women expressed concerns about social and structural barriers to PrEP use...
September 2017: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188157/predicting-quality-of-life-changes-in-hemodialysis-patients-using-machine-learning-generation-of-an-early-warning-system
#19
Shoab Saadat, Ayesha Aziz, Hira Ahmad, Hira Imtiaz, Zara S Sohail, Alvina Kazmi, Sanaa Aslam, Naveen Naqvi, Sidra Saadat
Objective To predict changes in the quality of life scores of hemodialysis patients for the coming month and the development of an early warning system using machine learning Methods It was a prospective cohort study (one-month duration) at the dialysis center of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. The study started on 1st October 2016. About 78 patients have been enrolled till now. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) qualified doctors administered a proforma with demographics and the validated Urdu version of World Health Organization Quality Of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF)...
September 25, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181006/protective-effect-of-panax-notoginseng-root-water-extract-against-influenza-a-virus-infection-by-enhancing-antiviral-interferon-mediated-immune-responses-and-natural-killer-cell-activity
#20
Jang-Gi Choi, Young-Hee Jin, Heeeun Lee, Tae Woo Oh, Nam-Hui Yim, Won-Kyung Cho, Jin Yeul Ma
Influenza is an acute respiratory illness caused by the influenza A virus, which causes economic losses and social disruption mainly by increasing hospitalization and mortality rates among the elderly and people with chronic diseases. Influenza vaccines are the most effective means of preventing seasonal influenza, but can be completely ineffective if there is an antigenic mismatch between the seasonal vaccine virus and the virus circulating in the community. In addition, influenza viruses resistant to antiviral drugs are emerging worldwide...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
keyword
keyword
32501
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"