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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755057/processes-and-outcomes-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-driven-health-needs-assessment-a-tool-for-moving-health-disparity-reporting-to-evidence-based-action
#1
Tabia Henry Akintobi, Elise Lockamy, Lisa Goodin, Natalie D Hernandez, Tanesha Slocumb, Daniel Blumenthal, Ronald Braithwaite, Larry Leeks, Micah Rowland, Thomas Cotton, LaShawn Hoffman
BACKGROUND: The community-based participatory research (CBPR)-driven health needs assessment was a tool used to inform community-led, -implemented, and -sustained research and prevention strategies. METHODS: The Morehouse School of Medicine Prevention Research Center (MSM PRC) research and prevention initiatives are implemented in direct response to priorities identified through this process and tool. Led by a community-majority coalition board, the assessment coupled state and city secondary data with primary survey data collected by and from community residents...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#2
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751697/-emotional-stress-induced-shanghuo-syndrome-increases-disease-susceptibility
#3
Si-Rui Zhu, Xiang Luo, Yi-Fang Li, Kurihara Hiroshi, Rong-Rong He
Shanghuo(excessive internal heat) is a special organic state based on the concept of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), commonly known as the abnormal heating syndrome of body in folks. With the acceleration of modern life rhythm and the increase of the social competition pressure, emotional stress has become an important cause for the spread of Shanghuo symptoms. What's more, Shanghuo can impact the body physiological functions to cause the onset, recurrence and progression of common diseases, harming the health of the body...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734843/understanding-of-for-whom-under-what-conditions-and-how-the-compulsory-licensing-of-pharmaceuticals-works-in-brazil-and-thailand-a-realist-synthesis
#4
Kyung-Bok Son, Chang-Yup Kim, Tae-Jin Lee
When pharmaceuticals are not fully available mainly due to the high cost of medicines, a government can issue compulsory licensing (CL). It is well documented that Brazil and Thailand have notably attempted CL. A realist review was undertaken to understand the identical social interventions in comparative settings, and to draw practical implications for attempting CL relevant for middle-income countries in the era of high-cost medicines. CL is not only a politically well-devised measure to achieve universal health coverage, but also a tentative commitment, which is determined both at the country level and at the global level...
May 8, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703384/risk-undermined-in-the-bilateral-pharmaceutical-regulatory-system-in-taiwan
#5
REVIEW
Hui-Po Wang, Chun-Li Wang
The concept of Pharmacovigilance Planning and Risk Minimization Planning (PVP/RMP), initiated by the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH), addressed an important conceptual change from monitoring the safety of individual medicine to proactively conducting risk prevention for the minimization of medication error. However, the implementation of PVP/RMP is a challenge in societies like Taiwan where irrational medication and co-medication is prevalent. It is even more difficult in Taiwan where two regulatory bodies are governing pharmaceutical affairs, namely Taiwan Food and Drug Administration (TFDA) in charge of Western Medicine (WM) and the Department of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy (DCMP) in charge of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)...
April 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699843/novel-mathematic-models-for-quantitative-transitivity-of-quality-markers-in-extraction-process-of-the-buyanghuanwu-decoction
#6
Yu-Tian Zhang, Mei-Feng Xiao, Kai-Wen Deng, Yan-Tao Yang, Yi-Qun Zhou, Jin Zhou, Fu-Yuan He, Wen-Long Liu
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, to research and formulate an efficiency extraction system for Chinese herbal medicine, scientists have always been facing a great challenge for quality management, so that the transitivity of Q-markers in quantitative analysis of TCM was proposed by Prof. Liu recently. In order to improve the quality of extraction from raw medicinal materials for clinical preparations, a series of integrated mathematic models for transitivity of Q-markers in quantitative analysis of TCM were established...
April 6, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699776/communication-networks-of-medication-management-in-an-ambulatory-care-setting
#7
Andrea L Kjos, Ginelle A Bryant
BACKGROUND: Systems approaches in healthcare address complexities of care related to medication safety. Adverse drug events can be prevented by communication between providers. Thus, methods that depict the structures and processes of communications are foundational for prevention efforts. Social network analysis is a methodology applied in healthcare settings to describe and quantify communication patterns. Knowledge of the structures and processes surrounding medication management communications will be useful to explain and intervene on related quality or safety outcomes...
April 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691958/brain-based-treatment-a-new-approach-or-a-well-forgotten-old-one
#8
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686550/evidence-based-pain-medicine-for-primary-care-physicians
#9
REVIEW
Graves T Owen, Brian M Bruel, C M Schade, Maxim S Eckmann, Erik C Hustak, Mitchell P Engle
The last several decades have seen a marked increase in both the recognition and treatment of chronic pain. Unfortunately, patients frequently misunderstand both the nature of pain and the best practices for its treatment. Because primary care physicians treat the majority of chronic pain, they are ideally situated to provide evidence-based pain care. The majority of the medical evidence supports a biopsychosocial model of pain that integrates physical, emotional, social, and cultural variables. The goal of this primer is to assist primary care physicians in their understanding of pain, evaluation of the chronic pain patient, and ability to direct evidence-based care...
January 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629392/empowerment-of-women-and-mental-health-improvement-with-a-preventive-approach
#10
Shahin Shooshtari, M R Abedi, M Bahrami, Rahele Samouei
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Mental health and empowerment are two of the women's essential needs. These two related concepts play an important role in women's lives. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate empowerment of women and its relation with mental health problem prevention during difficult situations. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with 33 experts in the fields of psychology, social sciences, women studies, medicine and crisis management specialists using snowball sampling in cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Tabriz, and Mashhad during the year 1395 (March 2016-March 2017)...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629061/depression-from-the-perspective-of-modern-and-persian-medicine
#11
Majid Anushiravani, Ali Akhondpour Manteghi, Ali Taghipur, Mahdi Eslami
Background: Depression is one of the five most-common diseases globally, and is expected to be the second leading cause of disability by 2020 and its economic and social burden is a major problem worldwide. Objective: The aim of this research was to elucidate the causes and symptoms of depression according to Persian Medicine (PM) and classic medicine. Methods: In this study, works that were investigated were the Canon of Medicine , Al-Hawi Fi Teb , Kamel Al-Sina'a , Zakhireh Kharazmshahi and Exir A'azam ...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623100/youth-health-outcomes-from-the-connect-to-protect-coalitions-to-prevent-adolescent-hiv-infections
#12
Robin Lin Miller, Kyung-Sook Lee, Danielle Chiaramonte, Olga J Santiago-Rivera, Ignacio Acevedo-Polakovich, Cherrie B Boyer, Jonathan M Ellen
We assessed the relationships among HIV-related social and behavioral outcomes resulting from an adolescent-focused HIV structural change initiative in eight urban sites operating Connect to Protect (C2P) coalitions. Over a 4-year period, annual cross-sectional panels of adolescents (N = 2,248) completed an audio-computer-assisted interview, providing data on satisfaction with their communities as adolescent-supportive environments, internalized HIV stigma, lifetime HIV-testing, lifetime sexual risk-taking, and number of sexual partners in the prior year...
2018: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618941/implementing-a-social-knowledge-networking-skn-system-to-enable-meaningful-use-of-an-ehr-medication-reconciliation-system
#13
Pavani Rangachari
Background: Despite the regulatory impetus toward meaningful use of electronic health record (EHR) Medication Reconciliation (MedRec) to prevent medication errors during care transitions, hospital adherence has lagged for one chief reason: low physician engagement, stemming from lack of consensus about which physician is responsible for managing a patient's medication list. In October 2016, Augusta University received a 2-year grant from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to implement a Social Knowledge Networking (SKN) system for enabling its health system (AU Health) to progress from "limited use" of EHR MedRec technology to "meaningful use...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590693/-quality-performance-measures-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-a-delphi-survey-of-members-of-the-german-society-for-prevention-and-rehabilitation-of-cardiovascular-diseases-dgpr
#14
Annett Salzwedel, Kathrin Haubold, Beate Barnack, Rona Reibis, Heinz Völler
OBJECTIVE: The present investigation aimed an explorative acquisition of potential performance measures for quantifying the quality of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) for patients under 65 years of age. METHODS: A 4-level web based Delphi survey of physicians, psychologists, and sports or physiotherapists in CR was conducted from April to July in 2016. The experts assessed several parameters of physical performance, social medicine, subjective health and cardiovascular risk factors regarding their suitability as performance measures of CR...
March 28, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577916/prevention-of-obesity-and-diabetes-in-pregnancy-is-it-an-impossible-dream
#15
Oded Langer
The obesity and diabetes epidemic is an unintended consequence of economic, social and technological changes. In non-pregnancy, people identified as high risk to develop type 2 diabetes may delay progression by 30 to 70% with lifestyle interventions and pharmacological agents. In pregnancy, lifestyle interventions has been the primary focus to prevent fetal short and long term complications that may evolve into substantial weight gain and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The dilemma for obstetricians is whether diabetes and obesity can be prevented and not simply treated after the fact...
March 22, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544064/translating-to-the-community-t2c-a-protocol-paper-describing-the-development-of-canada-s-first-social-epigenetic-fasd-biobank
#16
Brenda Si Elias, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Betty Head, Geoffrey G Hicks
Translating to the Community (T2C) is a social bio-repository designed to advance new diagnostic tools and realign community-clinical processes, with the aim to mitigate the short-and-long term impacts of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), prenatal alcohol exposure, and its co-morbidities and behaviors. In this paper, we describe the evolution of this repository as a new translational partnership to advance a precision medicine approach to FASD. Key to its evolution was a partnership between academic researchers, Indigenous communities, families and a regional diagnostic clinic...
March 15, 2018: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530441/-an-assessment-of-the-direct-costs-of-healthcare-for-victims-of-sexual-assaults-in-hospital-emergency-units
#17
J Hiquet, E Christin, F Tovagliaro, J Fougas, O Dubourg, C Chevalier, F Abel, M Ebouat, M-E Ploquin, M Malo, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
BACKGROUND: The Forensic medicine reform in 2011 enabled the development of forensic units specialized in multidisciplinary care of victims of criminal offences. Thanks to an annual budgetary allocation, the Ministry of Justice handles the financing of judicial acts, while the health care facilities assume the medical, psychological and social aspects. The objective of this study was to determine the direct costs of medical care provided to rape victims (such as defined in the article 222-23 of the Penal Code) in order to see how its funding could be reconsidered to prevent any additional cost that could be caused by non-sufficient medical, psychological and social care...
March 9, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515689/the-crucial-role-of-multiomic-approach-in-cancer-research-and-clinically-relevant-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Miaolong Lu, Xianquan Zhan
Cancer with heavily economic and social burden is the hot point in the field of medical research. Some remarkable achievements have been made; however, the exact mechanisms of tumor initiation and development remain unclear. Cancer is a complex, whole-body disease that involves multiple abnormalities in the levels of DNA, RNA, protein, metabolite and medical imaging. Biological omics including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics and radiomics aims to systematically understand carcinogenesis in different biological levels, which is driving the shift of cancer research paradigm from single parameter model to multi-parameter systematical model...
March 2018: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506256/society-of-behavioral-medicine-sbm-position-statement-increasing-funding-for-the-nih-obssr-to-promote-timely-and-effective-behavioral-medicine-research
#19
Rachel A Millstein, Lisa M Quintiliani, Angela L Sharpe
Chronic diseases are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the USA. Most chronic diseases have behavioral risk factors that can improve health and quality of life and reduce financial burdens. Improved methods of measurement and behavioral interventions are rapidly progressing. These changes require sufficient funding to maximize effectiveness. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) helps to coordinate and support behavioral and social science research initiatives that are designed to promote public health and reduce chronic disease burden throughout the NIH...
March 1, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504327/dengue-knowledge-in-indoor-dengue-patients-from-low-socioeconomic-class-aetiology-symptoms-mode-of-transmission-and-prevention
#20
Nadia Shams, Sadia Amjad, Nadeem Yousaf, Waqar Ahmed, Naresh Kumar Seetlani, Shazia Farhat
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever has emerged as an emerging public health issue during last decade bearing significant morbidity and economic burden particularly in third world countries. Current study aims to assess various domains of knowledge of indoor dengue patients.. METHODS: This descriptive crosssectional study was conducted at Medicine dept. Rawal Institute of Health Sciences Islamabad and BBH Rawalpindi over 6 months. One hundred & twenty-five adult indoor confirmed cases of dengue from lower socioeconomic class were included after ethical approval...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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