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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073114/a-study-of-acute-poisoning-cases-admitted-to-the-university-hospital-emergency-department-in-tabriz-iran
#1
Mehdi Oraie, Mir-Jamal Hosseini, Mina Islambulchilar, Seyed-Hasan Hosseini, Mehdi Ahadi-Barzoki, Habib Sadr, Hashem Yaghoubi
Chemical substances have an important threat due to extensive use in medicine, agriculture, industry and environment. In this retrospective study, etiological and demographic characteristics of acute poisoning cases admitted to a hospital in Iran were investigated. We compared these data with those reported from other parts of the country and the international experiences to evaluate any difference if exists. 7 052 poisoned cases admitted to the hospital from April 2006 to March 2013, by data collected from the medical record in poison center section...
January 10, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068145/comparison-of-patient-health-history-questionnaires-used-in-general-internal-and-family-medicine-integrative-medicine-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-clinics
#2
Justin G R Laube, Martin F Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: Health history questionnaires (HHQs) are a set of self-administered questions completed by patients prior to a clinical encounter. Despite widespread use, minimal research has evaluated the content of HHQs used in general internal medicine and family medicine (GIM/FM), integrative medicine, and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM; chiropractic, naturopathic, and Traditional Chinese Medicine [TCM]) clinics. Integrative medicine and CAM claim greater emphasis on well-being than does GIM/FM...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041712/broken-heart-tako-tsubo-or-stress-cardiomyopathy-metaphors-meanings-and-their-medical-impact
#3
REVIEW
Thomas Efferth, Mita Banerjee, Norbert W Paul
The cardiac impact of psychological stress historically and socially understood as boundary experiences of human life has long since become an icon. From the aching heart to the sudden death provoked by awe, horror, grief, anger, and humiliation on one side and extreme enchantment, enthusiasm, and excitement on the other, the broken heart has become a globally recognized and powerful metaphor present from folklore to popular culture to high literature and back to everyday communication. In medicine, the "broken heart syndrome" is described as a relatively new nosological entity that has been used synonymously with the term tako-tsubo or stress cardiomyopathy...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033485/acculturation-needs-of-pediatric-international-medical-graduates-a-qualitative-study
#4
Amanda D Osta, Michelle M Barnes, Regina Pessagno, Alan Schwartz, Laura E Hirshfield
: Phenomenon: International medical graduates (IMGs) play a key role in host countries' health systems but face unique challenges, which makes effective, tailored support for IMGs essential. Prior literature describing the acculturation needs of IMGs focused primarily on communication content and style. We conducted a qualitative study to explore acculturation that might be specific to IMG residents who care for children. APPROACH: In a study conducted from November 2011 to April 2012, we performed four 90-minute semistructured focus groups with 26 pediatric IMG residents from 12 countries...
December 29, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026910/participatory-policy-making-by-dairy-producers-to-reduce-anti-microbial-use-on-farms
#5
L van Dijk, A Hayton, D C J Main, A Booth, A King, D C Barrett, H J Buller, K K Reyher
Pressures for more responsible use of anti-microbial (AM) medicines in food animals are likely to increase from policymakers and the food industry, including retailers. To address this challenge, participatory approaches to welfare interventions and disease prevention may also be necessary alongside more conventional regulatory measures. This article describes the process of enabling groups of dairy producers to use a participatory policy making approach to develop an AM stewardship policy. The policy includes measures agreed to by all producers for more responsible use of AMs, whilst maintaining or improving dairy herd health and welfare...
December 27, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025942/nano-medicine-improving-the-bioavailability-of-small-molecules-for-the-prevention-of-neurodegenerative-diseases
#6
Piera Di Martino, Roberta Censi, Maria Rosa Gigliobianco, Luana Zerrillo, Federico Magnoni, Dimitrios Agas, Wilma Quaglia, Giulio Lupidi
Neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, are a heterogeneous group of brain disorders characterized by the progressive degeneration of the structure and function of the central or peripheral nervous system. It is thought that the number of people affected by these pathologies will increase in future decades, particularly in the more economically developed countries, where the populations are experiencing a demographic shift towards older ages. For many of these pathologies, and in particular for Alzheimer's disease, no effective treatments are available, and the consequent economic and social costs are very high...
December 27, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008579/laudatio-zur-salomon-neumann-medaille-2016-rki-abteilung-epidemiologie-und-gesundheitsmonitoring
#7
H Brand
The German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) confers the Salomon-Neumann-Medal for outstanding merits in the field of Preventive and Social Medicine. Salomon Neumann (1819-1908) was one of the most renowned representatives of Social Medicine, whose phrase "Medicine is a Social Science" is punched oh the medal. The Salomon Neumann-Medal 2016 was awarded to the Health Monitoring Unit of the Robert Koch-Institute (RKI), i. e. the Department for Epidemiology and Health Monitoring with its head Bärbel Maria Kurth...
December 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002311/committee-opinion-no-685-care-for-transgender-adolescents
#8
(no author information available yet)
Gender nonconforming youth are an underserved population who obstetrician-gynecologists are seeing increasingly in their practices. Currently, there are large gaps in training, knowledge, and comfort with transgender patients among obstetrician-gynecologists. The purpose of this document is to review current recommendations that apply to an obstetrician-gynecologist. It is important for obstetrician-gynecologists to be aware of the social and mental health risks for the transgender population. Consensus guidelines support initiating medical therapy after an adolescent has an established diagnosis of transgender identity and has reached Tanner stage II development...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002306/committee-opinion-no-685-summary-care-for-transgender-adolescents
#9
(no author information available yet)
Gender nonconforming youth are an underserved population who obstetrician-gynecologists are seeing increasingly in their practices. Currently, there are large gaps in training, knowledge, and comfort with transgender patients among obstetrician-gynecologists. The purpose of this document is to review current recommendations that apply to an obstetrician-gynecologist. It is important for obstetrician-gynecologists to be aware of the social and mental health risks for the transgender population. Consensus guidelines support initiating medical therapy after an adolescent has an established diagnosis of transgender identity and has reached Tanner stage II development...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994810/prevalence-and-severity-of-ocular-surface-neoplasia-in-african-nations-and-need-for-early-interventions
#10
REVIEW
Jacob W Reynolds, Margaret L Pfeiffer, Omar Ozgur, Bita Esmaeli
Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) is a common ocular surface tumor with an increased incidence in African countries (3.4 and 3.0 cases/year/100,000). Despite its potential for vision loss and death, OSSN remains largely neglected by both eye and HIV care programs in Africa. The purpose of this review is to identify the barriers to timely diagnosis and early interventions for OSSN in Africa. PubMed searches were conducted targeting previous use of topical chemotherapy (interferon alpha 2b, Mitomycin-C, 5-Fluorouracil) and Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in Africa...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987572/-changing-to-a-career-in-general-practice-a-qualitative-study-reveals-motives-of-specialists
#11
Simon Schwill, Julia Magez, Cornelia Jäger, Wolfgang Cg von Meißner, Joachim Szecsenyi, Elisabeth Flum
BACKGROUND: In 2011, the national German Medical Association (Bundesärztekammer) published guidelines for a slim-lined training program in general practice (Quereinstieg) for qualified medical specialists in other fields (e. g., surgeons, internists or anesthesiologists). This step is part of a strategy to prevent further shortages of general practitioners in Germany. In the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg, qualified medical specialists are allowed to complete their general practice training in approximately two years instead of five...
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982292/2-nd-brazilian-consensus-on-chagas-disease-2015
#12
João Carlos Pinto Dias, Alberto Novaes Ramos, Eliane Dias Gontijo, Alejandro Luquetti, Maria Aparecida Shikanai-Yasuda, José Rodrigues Coura, Rosália Morais Torres, José Renan da Cunha Melo, Eros Antonio de Almeida, Wilson de Oliveira, Antônio Carlos Silveira, Joffre Marcondes de Rezende, Fabiane Scalabrini Pinto, Antonio Walter Ferreira, Anis Rassi, Abílio Augusto Fragata, Andréa Silvestre de Sousa, Dalmo Correia, Ana Maria Jansen, Glaucia Manzan Queiroz Andrade, Constança Felícia De Paoli de Carvalho Britto, Ana Yecê das Neves Pinto, Anis Rassi, Dayse Elisabeth Campos, Fernando Abad-Franch, Silvana Eloi Santos, Egler Chiari, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Eliane Furtado Moreira, Divina Seila de Oliveira Marques, Eliane Lages Silva, José Antonio Marin-Neto, Lúcia Maria da Cunha Galvão, Sergio Salles Xavier, Sebastião Aldo da Silva Valente, Noêmia Barbosa Carvalho, Alessandra Viana Cardoso, Rafaella Albuquerque E Silva, Veruska Maia da Costa, Simone Monzani Vivaldini, Suelene Mamede Oliveira, Vera da Costa Valente, Mayara Maia Lima, Renato Vieira Alves
Chagas disease is a neglected chronic condition with a high burden of morbidity and mortality. It has considerable psychological, social, and economic impacts. The disease represents a significant public health issue in Brazil, with different regional patterns. This document presents the evidence that resulted in the Brazilian Consensus on Chagas Disease. The objective was to review and standardize strategies for diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of Chagas disease in the country, based on the available scientific evidence...
December 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942746/building-leadership-capacity-to-prevent-and-control-noncommunicable-diseases-evaluation-of-an-international-short-term-training-program-for-program-managers-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Agnes Erzse, Pascal Bovet, Fred Paccaud, Oleg Chestnov, Nicholas Banatvala
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a 1-week training seminar jointly developed and conducted by the World Health Organization and the University Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine of Lausanne targeting senior policy-makers in low- and middle-income countries on public health aspects of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). METHODS: A short qualitative questionnaire was emailed to all participants to one of the nine seminars organized between 2010 and 2015. RESULTS: From the 195 participants from 96 different countries, 122 (63%) completed the questionnaire...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942351/therapeutic-interventions-in-severe-asthma
#14
REVIEW
Giorgio Walter Canonica, Gianenrico Senna, Patrick D Mitchell, Paul M O'Byrne, Giovanni Passalacqua, Gilda Varricchi
The present paper addresses severe asthma which is limited to 5-10% of the overall population of asthmatics. However, it accounts for 50% or more of socials costs of the disease, as it is responsible for hospitalizations and Emergency Department accesses as well as expensive treatments. The recent identification of different endotypes of asthma, based on the inflammatory pattern, has led to the development of tailored treatments that target different inflammatory mediators. These are major achievements in the perspective of Precision Medicine: a leading approach to the modern treatment strategy...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901408/four-steps-to-eliminate-or-reduce-pain-in-children-caused-by-needles-part-1
#15
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf* speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The interdisciplinary pain team is devoted to prevent and treat acute, procedural, neuropathic, psycho-social-spiritual, visceral, and chronic/complex pain for all inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
November 30, 2016: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893917/collaborative-falls-prevention-interprofessional-team-formation-implementation-and-evaluation
#16
Kathie Lasater, Victoria Cotrell, Glenise McKenzie, William Simonson, Megan W Morgove, Emily E Long, Elizabeth Eckstrom
As health care rapidly evolves to promote person-centered care, evidence-based practice, and team-structured environments, nurses must lead interprofessional (IP) teams to collaborate for optimal health of the populations and more cost-effective health care. Four professions-nursing, medicine, social work, and pharmacy-formed a teaching team to address fall prevention among older adults in Oregon using an IP approach. The teaching team developed training sessions that included interactive, evidence-based sessions, followed by individualized team coaching...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882490/defining-the-field-of-behavioral-medicine-a-collaborative-endeavor
#17
Joost Dekker, Adrienne Stauder, Frank J Penedo
PURPOSE: To respond to comments on our proposal for an update of the definition and scope of behavioral medicine. METHODS: We identify common themes in the comments and provide a response. RESULTS: We discuss the relationship of behavioral medicine to other disciplines and fields, the scope of behavioral medicine, and issues related to the application of behavioral medicine. CONCLUSION: Based on the comments of our esteemed colleagues and our reflection on those comments, we now offer the following refined definition and scope of behavioral medicine...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875541/new-perspective-on-impact-of-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-on-neurodevelopment-autism-in-the-offspring-children-a-systematic-review
#18
Yunfei Gao, Chao Sheng, Ri-Hua Xie, Wen Sun, Elizabeth Asztalos, Diane Moddemann, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Mark Walker, Shi Wu Wen
It has been conclusively established that folic acid supplementation prior to and during early pregnancy (up to 12 weeks of gestation) can prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). We hypothesized that folate effects may extend from neuro-structural defects to alterations in neuro-behavioural and emotional skills including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and other developmental disorders. The objective of this review was to comprehensively evaluate evidence on the impact of folic acid on neurodevelopment other than NTDs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870795/achieving-equity-in-physical-activity-participation-acsm-experience-and-next-steps
#19
Rebecca E Hasson, David R Brown, Joan Dorn, Lisa Barkley, Carol Torgan, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Barbara Ainsworth, NiCole Keith
There is clear and consistent evidence that regular physical activity is an important component of healthy lifestyles, and fundamental to promoting health and preventing disease. Despite the known benefits of physical activity participation, many people in the United States (US) remain inactive. More specifically, physical activity behavior is socially patterned with lower participation rates among women, racial/ethnic minorities, sexual minority youth, individuals with less education, persons with physical, mental and cognitive disabilities, individuals > 65 years of age, and those living in the southeast region of the US...
November 19, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870759/-please-don-t-just-hang-a-feather-on-a-program-or-put-a-medicine-wheel-on-your-logo-and-think-oh-well-this-will-work-theoretical-perspectives-of-american-indian-and-alaska-native-substance-abuse-prevention-programs
#20
Margaret L Walsh-Buhi
Many current theories guiding substance abuse prevention (SAP) programs stem from Western ideologies, leading to a scarcity of research on theories from, and a disconnect with, Indigenous perspectives. This qualitative research study explored perceptions of theory by SAP researchers (N = 22) working with American Indian and Alaska Native communities. In-depth interviews identified components of Indigenous theoretical perspectives, including cultural elements such as balance, social cohesion, and belonging as being particularly significant and currently absent from many SAP programs...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
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