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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924678/gender-opportunities-in-psychosocial-oncology
#1
Matthew Loscalzo, Karen Clark
So much has happened since the original publication of this chapter. In some ways, the progress made in appreciating the full spectrum of sexual and gender expression has been uneven and in some nations, there has been serious regression and resulting repression. But overall, especially in the industrialized countries, there is much greater awareness of sex and gender and its importance in health and well being. In this updated chapter, we put sex and gender into a historical context that is relevant to psycho-oncology and that openly accepts that society overall, is highly conflicted when it comes to how women and men get the best out of each other, never mind how to best integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921612/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-the-symptoms-of-mild-to-moderate-anxiety-in-pregnant-women
#2
REVIEW
Kerry Evans, C Jane Morrell, Helen Spiby
AIM: To assess the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for pregnant women with symptoms of mild to moderate anxiety. BACKGROUND: Many pregnant women experience mild to moderate symptoms of anxiety and could benefit from additional support. Non-pharmacological interventions have been suggested for use during pregnancy. DESIGN: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. DATA SOURCES: Randomised controlled trials published since 1990, identified from electronic databases: Medline; CINAHL; Maternity and Infant Care; PsycINFO; Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; CENTRAL; EMBASE; Centre for Reviews and Dissemination; Social Sciences Citation Index; ASSIA; HTA Library; Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Practice database; Allied and Complementary Medicine...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905431/including-health-promotion-and-illness-prevention-in-medical-education-a-progress-report
#3
Richard Hays
CONTEXT: In 1988, the World Federation of Medical Education called for reform in medical education, publishing 12 recommendations. The sixth recommendation of this Edinburgh Declaration was to 'complement instruction about the management of patients with increased emphasis on promotion of health and prevention of disease'. Thirty years on, this paper reports an exploration of what has changed since then. METHODS: Several search strategies were used, including websites of medical standards organisations, and formal searches of PubMed and Google Scholar using key words such as 'medical education standards', 'health promotion', 'illness prevention', 'effectiveness' and 'assessment'...
September 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899847/enhancing-seasonal-influenza-surveillance-topic-analysis-of-widely-used-medicinal-drugs-using-twitter-data
#4
Ireneus Kagashe, Zhijun Yan, Imran Suheryani
BACKGROUND: Uptake of medicinal drugs (preventive or treatment) is among the approaches used to control disease outbreaks, and therefore, it is of vital importance to be aware of the counts or frequencies of most commonly used drugs and trending topics about these drugs from consumers for successful implementation of control measures. Traditional survey methods would have accomplished this study, but they are too costly in terms of resources needed, and they are subject to social desirability bias for topics discovery...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#5
REVIEW
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883125/defining-optimal-brain-health-in-adults-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#6
REVIEW
Philip B Gorelick, Karen L Furie, Costantino Iadecola, Eric E Smith, Salina P Waddy, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Hee-Joon Bae, Mary Ann Bauman, Martin Dichgans, Pamela W Duncan, Meighan Girgus, Virginia J Howard, Ronald M Lazar, Sudha Seshadri, Fernando D Testai, Stephen van Gaal, Kristine Yaffe, Hank Wasiak, Charlotte Zerna
Cognitive function is an important component of aging and predicts quality of life, functional independence, and risk of institutionalization. Advances in our understanding of the role of cardiovascular risks have shown them to be closely associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. Because many cardiovascular risks are modifiable, it may be possible to maintain brain health and to prevent dementia in later life. The purpose of this American Heart Association (AHA)/American Stroke Association presidential advisory is to provide an initial definition of optimal brain health in adults and guidance on how to maintain brain health...
September 7, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882155/barriers-to-retention-in-methadone-maintenance-therapy-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Kanna Hayashi, Lianping Ti, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Paisan Suwannawong, Karyn Kaplan, Will Small, Thomas Kerr
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is a mainstay for treating opioid use disorder and preventing and managing HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID). While previous research suggested low dosing of methadone and high rates of discontinuation of MMT among PWID in Thailand, little is known about patients' lived experiences with MMT in this setting. Therefore, we conducted a mixed-methods study to examine barriers to retention in MMT among PWID in Bangkok, Thailand, with particular attention to methadone dosing...
September 7, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871899/psychological-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-dance-injury-a-systematic-review
#8
Lynda M Mainwaring, Caitlin Finney
Historically, dance medicine and science has focused on the physical aspects rather than the psychological aspects of dance injury. Psychological variables, however, have been shown to influence the occurrence of injury and post-injury outcomes. The purpose of this review was to examine the dance psychology literature and determine the specific psychological factors reported to be associated with the incidence, frequency, and outcome of dance injuries. A systematic literature search was conducted using SPORTDiscus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828880/critical-reflections-on-a-visit-to-an-inner-city-primary-health-care-clinic-in-rio-de-janeiro
#9
Louis S Jenkins, Marcos A Goldraich
INTRODUCTION: Brazil and South Africa share many sociodemographic and health features that provide many learning opportunities. Brazil's national health system, the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) prioritises primary health care since 1994, the year democracy came to South Africa. Two family physicians from these countries met in Rocinha favela in Rio de Janeiro, a densely populated area where poverty, danger, drugs, tuberculosis and mental illness are the focus of the health system.Maria do Socorro Family Clinic: Central to the SUS are the Family Health Teams, consisting of community health workers, nurses, doctors and allied health workers...
July 27, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801004/temporary-removal-the-palliative-care-journey-in-kenya-and-uganda
#10
Emmanuel S Kamonyo
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799157/-social-medicine-and-interfaces-in-sectoral-health-care-provision
#11
Hans Gerber, Christian Alex, Michael Penz, Michael Röder, Gert von Mittelstaedt
In addition to the consideration of individual medicine, social medicine focuses on the social references of health and sickness. In this context, it reflects the structures of the entire health care system, its functions and its functional deficits. It deals with the specific interaction between medicine and society and functions such as a link to the classical social sciences (1). Of particular interest in this context are the interfaces to sectoral health care provision. The working group "Nursing Care" of the Department "Practical Social Medicine and Rehabilitation" of the German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention examines the fundamental interfaces in our sectoral health care system from the perspective of social medicine in their current functions and perspectives, particularly in view of the future demographic challenges to be faced...
August 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797262/when-a-parent-dies-a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-support-programs-for-parentally-bereaved-children-and-their-caregivers
#12
Ann-Sofie Bergman, Ulf Axberg, Elizabeth Hanson
BACKGROUND: The death of a parent is a highly stressful life event for bereaved children. Several studies have shown an increased risk of mental ill-health and psychosocial problems among affected children. The aims of this study were to systematically review studies about effective support interventions for parentally bereaved children and to identify gaps in the research. METHODS: The review's inclusion criteria were comparative studies with samples of parentally bereaved children...
August 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755969/plant-based-remedies-for-wolf-bites-and-rituals-against-wolves-in-the-iberian-peninsula-therapeutic-opportunities-and-cultural-values-for-the-conservation-of-biocultural-diversity
#13
REVIEW
José A González, Ana Maria Carvalho, José Ramón Vallejo, Francisco Amich
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Combined approaches to local knowledge and folk plant use improve awareness and promote effective strategies for the conservation of significant biocultural patrimony. Moreover, the information reported might be the basis for further appropriate phytochemical and pharmacological research. Therefore we provide an insight into traditional herbal remedies and practices for healing bite injuries in humans and domestic animals caused by the Iberian wolf. Wolf bites are associated with inflammatory processes and rabies is a potential complication AIMS: This paper describes and summarises the medicinal-veterinary empirical and ritual uses of the Iberian flora for wolf injuries and reviews the ethnopharmacological data of specific plants that are already published...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749054/the-precision-medicine-nation
#14
Maya Sabatello, Paul S Appelbaum
The United States' ambitious Precision Medicine Initiative proposes to accelerate exponentially the adoption of precision medicine, an approach to health care that tailors disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention to individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle. It aims to achieve this by creating a cohort of volunteers for precision medicine research, accelerating biomedical research innovation, and adopting policies geared toward patients' empowerment. As strategies to implement the PMI are formulated, critical consideration of the initiative's ethical and sociopolitical dimensions is needed...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747931/is-the-national-guideline-clearinghouse-a-trustworthy-source-of-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-anxiety-and-depression
#15
Stephanie Duda, Christine Fahim, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Innovative strategies that facilitate the use of high quality practice guidelines (PG) are needed. Accordingly, repositories designed to simplify access to PGs have been proposed as a critical component of the network of linked interventions needed to drive increased PG implementation. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is a free, international online repository. We investigated whether it is a trustworthy source of child and youth anxiety and depression PGs. METHOD: English language PGs published between January 2009 and February 2016 relevant to anxiety or depression in children and adolescents (≤ 18 years of age) were eligible...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744213/risk-factors-for-post-stroke-depression-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Yu Shi, Dongdong Yang, Yanyan Zeng, Wen Wu
Background: Stroke not only impacts patients physically but also economically. Post-stroke depression (PSD), as a common complication of stroke, always obstructs the process of stroke rehabilitation. Accordingly, defining the risk factors associated with PSD has extraordinary importance. Although there have been many studies investigating the risk factors for PSD, the results are inconsistent. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to identify the risk factors for PSD by evidence-based medicine. Data sources: A systematic and comprehensive database search was performed of PubMed, Medline, CENTRAL, EMBASE...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724044/alcohol-and-tobacco-use-and-the-diseases-treated-in-general-practice
#17
Maria Flora de Almeida, Filipe Fernandes Ferreira, Mílton de Arruda Martins, Mario Ferreira
Objective: To characterize the use of alcohol and tobacco and correlate both to the diseases of outpatients in a general practice outpatient clinic. Method: The ASSIST (Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test) questionnaire was answered by 300 randomly chosen subjects assigned to different groups according to the diseases being treated at the Outpatient General and Teaching Clinic of the Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo's School of Medicine (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym), São Paulo, Brazil...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715306/a-data-rich-longitudinal-wellness-study-for-the-digital-age-fixing-a-broken-medical-system-requires-data-about-each-patient
#18
Gustavo Glusman
We live in an age of plentiful information, collected continuously by pervasive gadgetry, distributed through digital and social networks, and mined deeply by ever-more-powerful analytics systems. And yet, one of the things we know the least about is our bodies. When it comes to our own health, we are driving blindly. Modern medicine has clearly been remarkably successful, as evidenced by continually growing life expectancies. For example, the number of people 65 and older in the United States has seen a steady increase over the last century, rising from 3...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714650/-stigmatisation-a-widespread-problem-with-multiple-consequences
#19
Nicole Bichsel, Philippe Conus
Stigmatisation is a well known social phenomenon based on the discrimination of an individual or a sub-group of individuals by a dominant or majority group. Often discussed in the frame of psychiatry, it is also observed in other domains of medicine. It impacts not only patients, but their relatives and their children, as well as the health professionals taking care of them. Moreover, it is detrimental to the implementation of preventive strategies and induces depressive reactions, loss of self esteem and reduction of patients' quality of life...
February 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711883/medical-evaluation-of-efficiency-of-optimized-models-for-early-detection-and-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#20
Vyacheslav M Zhdan, Irina A Holovanova, Valentina L Filatova, Maxim V Khorosh
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays cardiovascular disease occupies a leading place in the structure of the prevalence, incidence, disability causes and mortality of the adult population in Ukraine and in the whole world. The prevalence of hypertension in the adult population ranges from 25 - 40%, coronary heart disease is almost 20% of people aged 50-59 years while 24.3% of them have a form of silent coronary artery disease. The feasibility of study is justified by the need to perform health institutions Law of Ukraine dated 07...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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