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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214101/endophthalmitis-reduction-with-intracameral-moxifloxacin-prophylaxis-analysis-of-600%C3%A2-000-surgeries
#1
Aravind Haripriya, David F Chang, Ravilla D Ravindran
PURPOSE: To compare the postoperative endophthalmitis rate before and after initiation of intracameral (IC) moxifloxacin prophylaxis for both phacoemulsification and sutureless, manual small-incision cataract surgery (M-SICS), as well as in patients with posterior capsular rupture (PCR). DESIGN: Retrospective, clinical registry. PARTICIPANTS: All cataract surgeries (617 453) performed during the 29-month period from January 2014 to May 2016 at the 10 regional Aravind eye hospitals were included...
February 14, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212910/-to-see-with-my-own-eyes-experiences-of-family-visits-during-phase-1-recovery
#2
M Cecilia Wendler, Katherine Smith, Wanda Ellenburg, Rita Gill, Lea Anderson, Kim Spiegel-Thayer
PURPOSE: Long separations are a characteristic of the day of surgery, keeping patients and their family members waiting and apart. At a time of high vulnerability, these separations can cause anxiety and worry. The purpose of this study was to identify the outcomes and experiences of patients and family members who engaged in a 5- to 10-minute supervised family visit during phase I postanesthesia recovery. DESIGN: This was a descriptive, single-group, mixed-methods study...
February 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212876/risk-of-posterior-capsule-rupture-during-cataract-surgery-in-eyes-with-previous-intravitreal-injections
#3
Zaid Shalchi, Mali Okada, Chris Whiting, Robin Hamilton
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk of posterior capsular rupture (PCR) during cataract surgery in eyes with previous intravitreal injection (IVI). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study METHODS: The Moorfields Patient Administrative System (PAS) and OpenEyes electronic databases were used to study all cataract surgery procedures undertaken between 1 January 2012 and 31 August 2015 in the Moorfields main and satellite sites. Clinical data was anonymized and extracted including prior occurrence and number of Intravitreal injections...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212130/periorbital-soft-tissue-anthropometric-analysis-of-young-adults
#4
Turan Ozdemir, Fatma Ezgi Can, Sefa Isiklar, Ilker Ercan, Nedim Simsek Cankur
The authors aim to determine the periorbital soft tissue anthropometric norms for Turkish young adults for right and left eyes using a noninvasive two-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. Anthropometric measurements of the periorbital soft tissue were taken from 172 female and 56 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The periorbital soft tissue profiles (ocular and palpebral) for males and females were digitally analyzed using linear measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211177/visual-impairment-in-older-institutionalised-canadian-seniors-with-dementia
#5
Estefania Chriqui, Caroline Law, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Hélène Kergoat
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of visual impairment (VI) in a sub-population of Canadian long-term care facilities, i.e. residents affected by dementia. METHODS: This study was conducted in the long-term care facility units at the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal. All residents ≥65 years old (y.o.), having a clinical diagnosis of dementia, and able to understand French or English, were eligible for participation in the study. All residents participating in the study received a complete eye exam by an experienced optometrist...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210504/comparison-of-maximum-stretch-forces-between-femtosecond-laser-assisted-capsulotomy-and-continuous-curvilinear-capsulorhexis
#6
Mari Takagi, Takashi Kojima, Kei Ichikawa, Yoshiki Tanaka, Yukihito Kato, Rie Horai, Akeno Tamaoki, Kazuo Ichikawa
The current study reports comparing the postoperative mechanical properties of the anterior capsule between femtosecond laser capsulotomy (FLC) and continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) of variable size and shape in porcine eyes. All CCCs were created using capsule forceps. Irregular or eccentric CCCs were also created to simulate real cataract surgery. For FLC, capsulotomies 5.3 mm in diameter were created using the LenSx® (Alcon) platform. Fresh porcine eyes were used in all experiments. The edges of the capsule openings were pulled at a constant speed using two L-shaped jigs...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210404/infraorbital-nerve-decompression-for-infraorbital-neuralgia-causalgia-following-blowout-orbital-fractures-a-case-series
#7
Bijan Beigi, Mazda Beigi, Nuwan Niyadurupola, Manuel Saldana, Nabil El-Hindy, Deepak Gupta
The purpose of this study was to present the management of a series of patients referred with infraorbital nerve paraesthesia that developed after insignificant orbital floor fracture without diplopia or exophthalmos, and that did not require initial surgical repair. This is a retrospective interventional case series. The main outcome and measures were assessment of preoperative symptoms including neuralgia and sensory symptoms; review of periorbital computed tomography (CT) scans; and assessment of postoperative effects of surgery for infraorbital nerve decompression...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210184/surgical-treatment-of-a-rare-case-of-bilateral-ptosis-due-to-localized-ocular-amyloidosis
#8
Gianluca Scuderi, Solmaz Abdolrahimzadeh, Antonietta Troccola, Marco Mazzocchi, Santi Maria Recupero
We describe a rare case of a 31-year old woman with bilateral ptosis due to localized amyloidosis. She referred a nine-year history of ptosis and surgical treatment with frontalis suspension three years previously. Following complete ophthalmological examination and evaluation of the ptosis we carried out tarsal and fornix biopsy, which revealed accumulation of a weakly eosinophilic amyloid positive substance. We performed surgical correction using the levator aponeurosis-Müller's muscle complex re-adaptation technique and amyloid substance debulking in all the palpebral layers in the left eye...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210183/intraocular-lens-power-overestimation-in-a-patient-with-history-of-circling-keratorraphy
#9
Vasilios F Diakonis, Nilufer Yesilirmak, George D Kymionis, Sonia H Yoo
We report a case of cataract extraction and intraocular lens (IOL) power overestimation in a patient with history of hyperopia managed with circling keratorraphy. A 65-year-old female presented to our institute complaining of decreased vision in both eyes. The patient had a history of bilateral hyperopia that was managed 20 years ago (1994) with circling keratorraphy. At presentation her uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/70 and 20/60 in her right eye (OD) and left eye (OS), respectively, while her corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 20/25 OD and 20/25 OS with manifest refraction of -0...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210182/successful-cataract-surgery-in-a-patient-with-refractory-wegener-s-granulomatosis-effectively-treated-with-rituximab-a-case-report
#10
Abdullah M Alfawaz
: Wegener's granulomatosis is a granulomatous disorder associated with systemic necrotizing vasculitis. Eye involvement occurs in approximately 50% of Wegener's granulomatosis patients and is an important cause of morbidity. Conventional treatment-related morbidity and failure have led to studies of alternative treatment modalities. In this case of a 35-year-old man with severe Wegener's granulomatosis, conventional therapy failed to induce remission. Despite the standard immunosuppressive therapy, progression of the disease was observed, mainly with ocular manifestations and renal impairment...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209587/genome-surgery-using-cas9-ribonucleoproteins-for-the-treatment-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#11
Kyoungmi Kim, Sung Wook Park, Jin Hyoung Kim, Seung Hwan Lee, Daesik Kim, Taeyoung Koo, Kwang-Eun Kim, Jeong Hun Kim, Jin-Soo Kim
RNA-guided genome surgery using CRISPR-Cas9 nucleases has shown promise for the treatment of diverse genetic diseases. Yet, the potential of such nucleases for therapeutic applications in nongenetic diseases is largely unexplored. Here, we focus on age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in adults, which is associated with retinal overexpression of, rather than mutations in, the VEGFA gene. Subretinal injection of preassembled, Vegfa gene-specific Cas9 ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) into the adult mouse eye gave rise to mutagenesis at the target site in the retinal pigment epithelium...
February 16, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209236/epithelial-downgrowth-report-of-2-cases-diagnosed-by-ocular-biopsy
#12
REVIEW
Hershel R Patel, Curtis E Margo
Epithelial downgrowth is an uncommon complication of ocular surgery or adverse consequence of accidental trauma, caused by surface squamous epithelium that has gained access to the inner compartments of the eye. Once embedded in the eye, squamous epithelium spreads over contiguous structures, interfering with normal aqueous outflow and vision. The pursuit of improved therapies is ongoing, but the greatest chance of preventing blindness is with early recognition. Two cases of epithelial downgrowth diagnosed from a corneal button and an iris biopsy are presented to familiarize pathologists with this disorder...
February 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208900/fuchs-heterochromic-iridocylitis-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-cataract-extraction-with-intra-ocular-lens-implantation-in-a-kashmiri-population-a-hospital-based-study
#13
Wasim Rashid, Imtiyaz Lone, Adil Majid Mir, Aamir Rashid, Mehreen Latif
INTRODUCTION: Fuchs Heterochromic Iridocylitis (FHI) is a rare form of uveitis which is frequently complicated by cataract and glaucoma, but it does not show typical features of uveitis like pain, redness and posterior synechia. AIM: To study the clinical characteristics and outcome of cataract extraction with Intra Ocular Lens (IOL) implantation in patients with FHI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present prospective study was carried out in the Postgraduate Department of Ophthalmology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Bemina from March 2012 to January 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207726/long-term-survival-following-diabetic-vitrectomy
#14
Bia Z Kim, Kuo-Luong Lee, Stephen J Guest, David Worsley
AIM: To update long-term survival data on patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy undergoing vitrectomy and to identify associated risk factors. METHODS: Retrospective clinical record review at a single New Zealand tertiary referral centre. A total of 182 eyes that underwent a vitrectomy for a diabetic vitreous haemorrhage and/or tractional retinal detachment between March 2000 and December 2010 were included. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox-regression analyses were performed for survival rates and associated risk factors...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207608/effects-of-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-combined-with-removal-of-idiopathic-epiretinal-membrane-a-systematic-review-of-literature-and-meta-analysis
#15
Kunihiro Azuma, Takashi Ueta, Shuichiro Eguchi, Makoto Aihara
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects on postoperative prognosis of internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling in conjunction with removal of idiopathic epiretinal membranes (ERMs). METHODS: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and EMBASE were systematically searched for studies that compared ILM peeling with no ILM peeling in surgery to remove idiopathic ERM. Outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity, central macular thickness, and ERM recurrence...
February 15, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207606/retinal-layer-segmentation-after-silicone-oil-or-gas-tamponade-for-macula-on-retinal-detachment-using-optical-coherence-tomography
#16
Sung Hoon Lee, Jong Wook Han, Suk Ho Byeon, Sung Soo Kim, Hyoung Jun Koh, Sung Chul Lee, Min Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the effect of silicone oil and gas on the thickness of all retinal layers in eyes with macula-on retinal detachment (RD). METHODS: Three hundred and sixty-seven eyes of 367 patients who received silicone oil tamponade and 310 eyes of 310 patients who received gas tamponade for the treatment of rhegmatogenous RD were initially reviewed. Automated retinal segmentation method using Spectralis optical coherence tomography was used for analysis...
February 15, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206671/surgery-for-cataracts-in-people-with-age-related-macular-degeneration
#17
REVIEW
Heather Casparis, Kristina Lindsley, Irene C Kuo, Shameema Sikder, Neil M Bressler
BACKGROUND: Cataract and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are common causes of decreased vision that often occur simultaneously in people over age 50. Although cataract surgery is an effective treatment for cataract-induced visual loss, some clinicians suspect that such an intervention may increase the risk of worsening of underlying AMD and thus have deleterious effects on vision. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of cataract surgery compared with no surgery in eyes with AMD...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205342/functional-benefits-and-patient-satisfaction-with-upper-blepharoplasty-evaluated-by-objective-and-subjective-outcome-measures
#18
Agnes Galbo Jacobsen, Brian Brost, Henrik Vorum, Janos Hargitai
PURPOSE: To investigate the functional benefits and patient satisfaction with upper blepharoplasty in patients meeting the Danish visitation guidelines for upper blepharoplasty from the Danish Health and Medicines Authority (Sundhedsstyrelsen). METHODS: Before and 3 months after upper blepharoplasty, the following investigations were made: (i) a standard eye examination, (ii) photographic documentation with a normal camera and the infrared camera of a Spectralis Optical Coherence Tomograph and (iii) measurements of the upper visual fields using the blepharoptosis test of Octopus 900...
February 15, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205338/assessing-oxygen-saturation-in-retinal-vessels-in-high-myopia-patients-pre-and-post-implantable-collamer-lens-implantation-surgery
#19
Pei Chen, Xiaoxiao Cai, Lijun Xu, Jing Zhang, Ying Yang, Qianying Gao, Jian Ge, Keming Yu, Jing Zhuang
PURPOSE: To determine whether posterior chamber phakic implantable collamer lens (ICL) surgery in high myopia patients impedes oxygen saturation of retinal vessels. METHODS: Mean oxygen saturation and diameter in retinal blood vessels were measured before and after ICL implantation surgery to correct high myopia refractive errors (i.e. -6.00 to -20.25 dioptres [D]), using an Oxymap T1 retinal oximeter. RESULTS: In 17 eyes of 17 patients, the Oxymap T1 retinal oximeter detected a small but significant decrease in oxygen saturation of retinal venules, 1-week postoperatively (compared to preoperative measurements)...
February 15, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203198/surgical-management-of-a-patient-with-anterior-megalophthalmos-lens-subluxation-and-a-high-risk-of-retinal-detachment
#20
María Carmen Guixeres Esteve, Augusto Octavio Pardo Saiz, Lucía Martínez-Costa, Samuel González-Ocampo Dorta, Pedro Sanz Solana
The early development of lens opacities and lens subluxation are the most common causes of vision loss in patients with anterior megalophthalmos (AM). Cataract surgery in such patients is challenging, however, because of anatomical abnormalities. Intraocular lens dislocation is the most common postoperative complication. Patients with AM also seem to be affected by a type of vitreoretinopathy that predisposes them to retinal detachment. We here present the case of a 36-year-old man with bilateral AM misdiagnosed as simple megalocornea...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
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