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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530180/red-eye-a-guide-for-non-specialists
#1
Andreas Frings, Gerd Geerling, Marc Schargus
BACKGROUND: Red eye can arise as a manifestation of many different systemic and ophthalmological diseases. The physician whom the patient first consults for this problem is often not an ophthalmologist. A correct assessment of the urgency of the situation is vitally important for the planning of further diagnostic evaluation and treatment. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent publications retrieved by a selective literature search in PubMed in August 2016 as well as on the authors' own clinical and scientific experience...
April 28, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529695/training-strategies-and-outcomes-of-ab-interno-trabeculectomy-with-the-trabectome
#2
Katherine Fallano, Igor Bussel, Larry Kagemann, Kira L Lathrop, Nils Loewen
Plasma-mediated ab interno trabeculectomy with the trabectome was first approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2004 for use in adult and pediatric glaucomas. Since then, increased clinical experience and updated outcome data have led to its expanded use, including a range of glaucomas and angle presentations, previously deemed to be relatively contraindicated. The main benefits are a high degree of safety, ease, and speed compared to traditional filtering surgery and tube shunts. The increasing burden of glaucoma and expanding life expectancy has resulted in demand for well-trained surgeons...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528378/trabeculotomy-opening-size-and-iop-reduction-after-trabectome%C3%A2-surgery
#3
Thomas Wecker, Alexandra Anton, Matthias Neuburger, Jens F Jordan, Christian van Oterendorp
BACKGROUND: Trabeculotomy with the Trabectome® is an effective surgical procedure to lower intraocular pressure (IOP). However, in some patients it does not lead to a significant IOP reduction despite a gonioscopically well visible opening of Schlemm's canal. This study investigated whether the size of the trabeculotomy opening and other parameters, including anterior chamber depth (ACD) are related to IOP reduction. METHODS: Retrospective observational case series with 93 eyes of 93 patients who underwent Trabectome surgery...
May 20, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527480/safety-and-effectiveness-of-cataract-surgery-with-simultaneous-intravitreal-anti-vegf-in-patients-with-previously-treated-exudative-age-related-macular-degeneration
#4
Manuel Sousa Falcão, Paulo Freitas-Costa, João Nuno Beato, João Pinheiro-Costa, Amândio Rocha-Sousa, Ângela Carneiro, Elisete Maria Brandão, Fernando Falcão-Reis
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the safety and impact on visual acuity, retinal and choroidal morphology of simultaneous cataract surgery and intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor on patients with visually significant cataracts and previously treated exudative age-related macular degeneration. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study, which included 21 eyes of 20 patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration submitted to simultaneous phacoemulsification and intravitreal ranibizumab or bevacizumab...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527031/choroidal-thickness-in-chronic-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-before-and-after-surgery-and-comparison-with-acute-cases
#5
Isil Sayman Muslubas, Mumin Hocaoglu, Mehmet Giray Ersoz, Serra Arf, Murat Karacorlu
PURPOSE: To evaluate subfoveal choroidal thickness (SCT) in cases with chronic rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), before and after pars plana vitrectomy, and cases with acute RRD using optical coherence tomography. METHODS: This retrospective study included 24 eyes with chronic RRD and 26 eyes with recent-onset RRD. Best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and SCT were measured and compared between the two groups. Of 24 eyes with chronic RRD, 11 had primary pars plana vitrectomy...
May 19, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526552/anisometropia-at-age-5-years-after-unilateral-intraocular-lens-implantation-during-infancy-in-the-infant-aphakia-treatment-study-iats
#6
David Weakley, George Cotsonis, M Edward Wilson, David A Plager, Edward G Buckley, Scott R Lambert
PURPOSE: To report the prevalence of anisometropia at age 5 years after unilateral intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in infants. DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial METHODS: Fifty-seven infants in the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study (IATS) with a unilateral cataract were randomized to IOL implantation with an initial targeted postoperative refractive error of either +8D (infants 28 to <48 days of age) or +6D (infants 48-210 days of age). Anisometropia was calculated at age 5 years...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526550/impact-of-first-eye-versus-second-eye-cataract-surgery-on-visual-function-and-quality-of-life
#7
Nakul S Shekhawat, Michael V Stock, Elizabeth F Baze, Mary K Daly, David E Vollman, Mary G Lawrence, Amy S Chomsky
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of first eye versus second eye cataract surgery on visual function and quality of life. DESIGN: Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 328 patients undergoing separate first eye and second eye phacoemulsification cataract surgeries at 5 veterans affairs centers in the United States. Patients with previous ocular surgery, postoperative endophthalmitis, postoperative retinal detachment, reoperation within 30 days, dementia, anxiety disorder, hearing difficulty, or history of drug abuse were excluded...
May 16, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526464/-transient-horner-s-syndrome-after-single-shot-paravertebral-block
#8
Birzat Emre Gölboyu, Mürsel Ekinci, Pınar Karaca Baysal, Ayşe Nur Yeksan, Erkan Cem Çelik, Zeynep Bilgi, Murat Aksun
BACKGROUND: Thoracic paravertebral block can provide analgesia for unilateral chest surgery and is associated with a low complication rate. Horner syndrome also referred to as oculosympathetic paresis, is a classic neurologic constellation of ipsilateral blepharoptosis, pupillary miosis, and facial anhidrosis resulting from disruption of the sympathetic pathway supplying the head, eye, and neck. CASE REPORT: We present a patient with an ipsilateral transient Horner syndrome after ultrasound guided single shot of 15mL 0...
May 17, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525682/secondary-sulcus-fixed-foldable-iol-implantation-with-25-g-infusion-in-patients-with-previous-ppv-after-open-globe-injury
#9
Tiangeng He, Caiyun You, Song Chen, Xiangda Meng, Yuanyuan Liu, Hua Yan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of secondary sulcus-fixed foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation through a clear corneal incision with 25-G infusion in patients with previous pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) after open-globe injury, and to analyze postoperative outcomes and prognostic factors of treatment. METHODS: Clinical data of 89 eyes of 89 patients with open-globe injury who underwent secondary sulcus-fixed foldable IOL implantation through a clear corneal incision with 25-G infusion after vitrectomy in our hospital between January 2008 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524884/assessment-of-conditions-affecting-surgical-success-of-ahmed-glaucoma-valve-implants-in-glaucoma-secondary-to-different-uveitis-etiologies-in-adults
#10
G Sungur, M Yakin, U Eksioglu, B Satana, F Ornek
PurposeThere is little known about the long-term efficacy and safety of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implant and about the conditions affecting surgical success in uveitic glaucoma (UG).Patients and methodsThe charts of adult patients with UG who underwent AGV implantation from 2006 to 2015 were reviewed retrospectively.ResultsData of 46 eyes of 39 patients were evaluated. Mean follow-up was 51.93±23.08 months. Mean preoperative IOP was 37.05±9.62 mm Hg and mean number of preoperative topical anti-glaucomatous medications was 2...
May 19, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524883/occurrence-rate-of-retinal-detachment-after-small-gauge-vitrectomy-for-idiopathic-epiretinal-membrane
#11
J Marie-Louise, E Philippakis, A Darugar, R Tadayoni, B Dupas
PurposeTo assess the occurrence rate of retinal detachment (RD) after small gauge vitrectomy for idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).Patients and methodsRetrospective observational case series. The records of consecutive patients operated on for idiopathic ERM using small gauge pars plana vitrectomy between August 2012 and December 2014 with at least a 1-year follow-up were reviewed. All patients were contacted by phone to assess the occurrence of RD during the post-operative follow-up. The main outcome was the occurrence of RD...
May 19, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524140/-influence-of-endothelial-graft-thickness-on-postoperative-visual-acuity
#12
S V Trufanov, S A Malozhen, V I Siplivyy, E P Salovarova
AIM: to assess the influence of the endothelial graft thickness on postoperative visual acuity following modified endothelial keratoplasty (UTDSAEK). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 49 patients with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy and no concomitant disorders of either the retina or optic nerve. Ultrathin Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (UTDSAEK) was performed in all cases. Corneal graft thickness was measured 1 year after UTDSAEK by means of optical coherence tomography...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524136/-clinical-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-cholinesterase-inhibition-with-neuromidin-in-the-treatment-of-primary-glaucoma-patients
#13
I A Zakharova, R V Avdeev, V A Pristavka, S N Surnin, V Yu Makhmutov, I I Savrasova
AIM: to investigate neuromidin effectiveness in the treatment of patients with primary glaucoma and compensated intraocular pressure (IOP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients (80 eyes) were examined. Of them, 10 eyes with early glaucoma, 36 eyes with moderate-stage glaucoma, 33 eyes with advanced glaucoma, and 1 eye with end-stage glaucoma. In 19 eyes, IOP was controlled through beta-blockers, in 11 eyes - through carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, in 10 eyes - through prostaglandin analogues, and in 39 eyes - through combination drugs...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523526/iris-fixated-phakic-intraocular-lens-implantation-in-an-adult-with-retinopathy-of-prematurity-1-year-follow-up
#14
Young Shin Kim, Jin Kwon Chung, Sung Jin Lee
PURPOSE: To report a case of iris-fixated phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation in a patient with an extremely steep cornea, shallow anterior chamber, and small corneal diameter caused by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and scleral encircling. METHODS: Case report. RESULTS: Iris-fixated pIOLs were implanted in a 19-year-old patient with refraction of -18.5 -0.75 × 180 in the right eye and -15.5 -1.25 × 180 in the left eye. The keratometric values were 53...
May 18, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522251/very-long-term-success-of-pterygium-surgery-with-conjunctival-graft
#15
Ofira Zloto, Nachum Rosen, Ari Leshno, Mordechai Rosner
PURPOSE: To examine to the very long term prognosis (16 years in average) of pterygium surgery with superior or inferior conjunctival graft. METHODS: Clinical data for patients that underwent pterygium surgery with conjunctival graft by two surgeons at the Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Israel, between the years 1997-2001 were retrieved from medical records. For all the included patients, data about their eye examinations was summarized and a questionnaire about their eye history was done...
May 15, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520641/five-year-follow-up-after-epiretinal-membrane-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#16
Efrat Fleissig, Dinah Zur, Elad Moisseiev, Shay Keren, Oded Ohana, Adiel Barak
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of epiretinal membrane (ERM) recurrence in eyes that underwent ERM peeling surgery at least 5 years earlier. METHODS: Retrospective interventional case series study of 37 patients (15 women and 22 men; mean age, 70 ± 7.6 years) operated on for ERM removal with a follow-up of at least 5 years. The patients underwent testing for visual acuity, an ophthalmic examination, and optical coherence tomography imaging, all of which were assessed preoperatively, postoperatively, and at the 5-year follow-up...
May 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516081/a-case-of-coincidental-intrasellar-chordoma-and-pituitary-adenoma
#17
Sehoon Park, Hee Sung Kim, Ki-Su Park, Taek-Kyun Nam, Yong-Sook Park, Jeong-Taik Kwon, Kyung-Tae Kim
Although chordomas are midline tumors, primarily intrasellar chordomas are extremely rare. In this report, the authors describe the case of a 68-year-old female with partial abducens nerve palsy in the right eye due to the intrasellar cystic tumor. After endonasal trans-sphenoidal surgery, intraoperative and histopathological findings confirmed the co-occurrence of an entirely intrasellar chordoma and pituitary adenoma. To our knowledge, the present case is the third reported case of an intrasellar chordoma with a pituitary adenoma...
April 2017: Brain Tumor Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515637/ultrasound-biomicroscopy-value-in-evaluation-of-restoration-of-ciliary-muscles-contractility-after-cataract-extraction
#18
Ayser Abd El-Hameed Fayed
PURPOSE: To assess the changes in the contractility of the ciliary muscle in eyes with presbyopia before and after phacoemulsification and intracapsular lens implantation using ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 50 eyes of 30 consecutive subjects operated at the Department of Ophthalmology. Patients with any ocular disorder affecting visual acuity, corneal surface irregularities, had posterior capsular perforation or intensive postoperative corneal edema, or were <35 years of age, were excluded...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514944/short-term-visual-outcomes-of-a-new-trifocal-intraocular-lens
#19
Jorge L García-Pérez, Juan Gros-Otero, Celia Sánchez-Ramos, Vanesa Blázquez, Inés Contreras
BACKGROUND: Today, patients often expect to achieve spectacle independance after cataract surgery. New trifocal intraocular lenses have been developed to try and fullfill this demand. The purpose of this study is to report the short-term visual outcomes of a new trifocal intraocular lens (AcrySof PanOptix™). METHODS: Consecutive adult patients undergoing cataract surgery with bilateral implantation of the study intraocular lens in a private practice clinic were considered for inclusion...
May 17, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512581/refractive-lens-exchange-combined-with-primary-posterior-vitrectorhexis-in-highly-myopic-patients
#20
Tarek A Mohamed, Wael Soliman, Dalia M El Sebaity, Ahmed M Fathalla
Purpose. To evaluate efficacy and safety of primary vitrectorhexis for posterior capsulotomy in highly myopic patients undergoing refractive lens exchange. Methods. The study is a prospective nonrandomized interventional study. The study comprised 60 eyes of 60 myopic patients. All patients underwent refractive lens exchange (RLE) and foldable IOL implantation combined with primary posterior capsulotomy. We used a 23-gauge vitrectomy probe for the creation of the posterior capsule opening. We followed the patients for one year...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
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