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polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

Yoo-Ri Chung, Eoi Jong Seo, Yong Hyun Kim, Hongseok Yang, Kihwang Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between hypertension and recurrent subretinal hemorrhage (SRH) in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight eyes of 38 patients with PCV. METHODS: Ocular findings and clinical features were analyzed retrospectively in patients with PCV enrolled from January 2011 to December 2013. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence of recurrent SRH after successful initial treatment (rebleeding vs nonrebleeding) and were subdivided into those with and without hypertension, based on history of hypertension, systolic blood pressure (SBP) >150 mm Hg...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Mohammed Ali Khan, Abtin Shahlaee, Alok S Bansal, Joseph I Maguire
PURPOSE: To describe a surgical technique for fluorescein-assisted subretinal tissue plasminogen activator delivery during pars plana vitrectomy for submacular hemorrhage. METHODS: Retrospective, interventional, consecutive case series. RESULTS: Six eyes of 6 patients were reviewed. Etiology of submacular hemorrhage was age-related macular degeneration in 2 eyes and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in 4 eyes. Twenty-three-gauge pars plana vitrectomy was performed and fluorescein-stained tissue plasminogen activator was injected in the subretinal space through a 41-gauge cannula in all eyes...
October 11, 2016: Retina
Won Ki Lee, Jiwon Baek, Kunal K Dansingani, Jae Hyung Lee, K Bailey Freund
PURPOSE: To subsegment the choroid in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and to determine whether the ratio of choriocapillaris/Sattler layer thickness to total choroidal thickness is decreased at sites of polypoidal pathology. METHODS: Retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study. A total of 320 eyes of 305 patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were studied with optical coherence tomography and dye angiography. The ratio of choriocapillaris/Sattler layer thickness to total choroidal thickness was calculated at polypoidal lesion sites in eyes with subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) ≤200 μm...
October 3, 2016: Retina
Min-Yen Hsu, Yu-Chien Hung, De-Kuang Hwang, Shang-Chi Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Chun-Yuan Wang, Hin-Yeung Choi, Yu-Ping Wang, Chao-Min Cheng
Intraocular vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels play an important role in the pathogenesis of blindness-related diseases, such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Here, we aimed to develop a paper-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (P-ELISA) to analyze the suppression of aqueous VEGF concentrations following intravitreal injection (IVI) of anti-VEGF antibody (bevacizumab or ranibizumab). A total of 25 eyes with wet AMD, one with myopic neovascularization, and one with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy were enrolled in this study...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Yukihide Momozawa, Masato Akiyama, Yoichiro Kamatani, Satoshi Arakawa, Miho Yasuda, Shigeo Yoshida, Yuji Oshima, Ryusaburo Mori, Koji Tanaka, Keisuke Mori, Satoshi Inoue, Hiroko Terasaki, Tetsuhiro Yasuma, Shigeru Honda, Akiko Miki, Maiko Inoue, Kimihiko Fujisawa, Kanji Takahashi, Tsutomu Yasukawa, Yasuo Yanagi, Kazuaki Kadonosono, Koh-Hei Sonoda, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Atsushi Takahashi, Michiaki Kubo
AMD is a major cause of blindness in the elderly. Previous sequencing studies of AMD susceptibility genes have revealed the association of rare coding variants in CFH, CFI, C3 and C9 in European population; however, the impact of rare or low-frequency coding variants on AMD susceptibility in other populations is largely unknown. To identify the role of low-frequency coding variants on exudative AMD susceptibility in a Japanese population, we analyzed the association of coding variants of 34 AMD candidate genes in the two-stage design by a multiplex PCR-based target sequencing method...
October 3, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Wataru Matsumiya, Shigeru Honda, Keiko Otsuka, Akiko Miki, Takayuki Nagai, Hisanori Imai, Sentaro Kusuhara, Makoto Nakamura
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the 1-year visual and anatomical outcomes of combination therapy with intravitreal aflibercept (IVA) and verteporfin photodynamic therapy (vPDT) for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV), and to determine the predictors of a good visual outcome. METHODS: This was a prospective case-series study. Twenty eyes from 20 treatment-naïve PCV patients were treated with combination therapy with IVA and vPDT. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and morphological parameters including polypoidal lesions in indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) were evaluated over 12 months of follow-up...
September 30, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Noor Aniah Azmi, Amin Ahem, Mushawiahti Mustapha, Mae-Lynn Catherine Bastion
We report a case of enucleation for painful blind eye secondary to recurrent bleeding from choroidal neovascularisation in an eye that was irradiated following presumed metastatic breast carcinoma to the choroid. A 58-year-old woman with a history of treated breast malignancy presented with haemophthalmus and intractable glaucoma in the right eye. One year previously she had presented with right vitreous haemorrhage with subretinal mass that had been irradiated given her history of breast carcinoma. Following irradiation, vitrectomy was performed to clear the blood...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Wataru Kikushima, Yoichi Sakurada, Atsushi Sugiyama, Naohiko Tanabe, Seigo Yoneyama, Hiroyuki Iijima
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence, risk factors and effect on visual improvement of retreatment within 60 months after initial photodynamic therapy (PDT) combined with intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) in eyes with treatment-naïve polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 61 eyes from 60 patients with PCV, who were followed up for at least 12 months after undergoing combination therapy. Retreatment, including combination therapy or IVR alone, was administered if residual or recurrent exudative changes were present...
September 23, 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Masaaki Saito, Mariko Kano, Kanako Itagaki, Tetsuju Sekiryu
PURPOSE: To clarify the efficacy of aflibercept for treating exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: We prospectively studied 47 eyes with AMD. Forty-seven patients (mean age 72.2 years) received three consecutive monthly intravitreal aflibercept injections followed by an injection every 2 months until 12 months. The primary outcome was the 12-month visual results compared with baseline; the secondary outcomes were the prevalence of geography atrophy (GA), a dry macula at month 12, and anatomic changes on optical coherence tomography...
September 22, 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Anna C S Tan, Daniel Simhaee, Chandrakumar Balaratnasingam, Kunal K Dansingani, Lawrence A Yannuzzi
PURPOSE: To describe and compare the clinical and imaging characteristics of pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) as seen in a clinical setting of a tertiary retinal practice. DESIGN: A perspective supported by clinical and imaging characteristics of a consecutive, cohort of patients with strictly defined PEDs. RESULTS: 174 eyes of 113 patients with PEDs were studied with comprehensive clinical retinal examination and multi-modal imaging; PEDs were differentiated into non-vascularized and vascularized forms with 3 main underlying etiologies: AMD (76%), PCV (9%) and CSC (3%)...
September 13, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Joo Eun Lee, Jae Pil Shin, Hyun Woong Kim, Woohyok Chang, Yu Cheol Kim, Sang Joon Lee, In Young Chung, Ji Eun Lee
PURPOSE: To investigate fixed-dosing aflibercept for treating polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). METHODS: This phase IV, prospective, single-arm, interventional case series was conducted in eight centers. Forty treatment-naïve PCV patients were administered three monthly doses of intravitreal aflibercept (2.0 mg) and an injection every 2 months thereafter. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and central subfield macular thickness (CSMT) were measured at each visit...
September 14, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Jiwon Baek, Jae Hyung Lee, Won Ki Lee
PURPOSE: To investigate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level according to the clinical and imaging features, and to explore its relationship with the responsiveness to anti-VEGF treatment in eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. METHODS: Aqueous samples were collected from 62 eyes of 62 patients with treatment-naïve polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. Vascular endothelial growth factor levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
September 8, 2016: Retina
Enzhong Jin, Yujing Bai, Ling Luo, Lvzhen Huang, Xuemei Zhu, Xue Ding, Huijun Qi, Mingwei Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) before and after intravitreal injection of conbercept or ranibizumab for neovascular age-related macular degeneration and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy patients. METHODS: This study is a prospective, interventional case series and involved 28 patients, 18 treated with 0.5 mg of conbercept and 10 treated with 0.5 mg of ranibizumab. Serum concentrations of VEGF were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay before the injection and at 1 day, 1 week, and 1 month after anti-VEGF treatments...
September 8, 2016: Retina
Seongyong Jeong, Min Sagong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare the short-term efficacy of intravitreal aflibercept treatment according to the subtypes of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) based on indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients (29 eyes) with treatment-naïve subfoveal PCV were consecutively enrolled in this institutional study. The subjects were classified into two subtypes (type 1, polypoidal choroidal neovascularisation (CNV), 16 eyes; and type 2, idiopathic PCV, 13 eyes) based on the presence or absence of both feeder and draining vessels on ICGA...
September 5, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Se Woong Kang, Hoyoung Lee, Kunho Bae, Joo Young Shin, Sang Jin Kim, Jong Min Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose was to investigate precursor lesions of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 276 unaffected contralateral eyes from unilateral PCV patients (Group 1), unilateral typical exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients (Group 2), and unilateral epiretinal membrane patients (Group 3) as age-matched controls. Grayish-yellow sub-retinal or sub-retinal-pigment-epithelial deposits larger than 63 μm in size with irregular but discrete margins were defined as drusen-like deposits (DLDs)...
September 5, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Gregg T Kokame, Jessica G Shantha, Kelsi Hirai, Julia Ayabe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic capability of en face spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) diagnosed by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective, consecutive case series of 100 eyes diagnosed with PCV by ICGA were imaged with en face SD-OCT. Evaluation of the PCV complex on en face SD-OCT was performed on the ability to diagnose PCV by the characteristic configuration of the PCV complex and the extent and size of the PCV lesion...
August 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
Kei Takayama, Hiroki Kaneko, Keiko Kataoka, Shinji Ueno, Piao Chang-Hua, Yasuki Ito, Hiroko Terasaki
BACKGROUND: To compare short-term outcomes of intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) with or without initial photodynamic therapy (PDT) for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) using focal macular electroretinography (FMERG). DESIGN: Observation case series. METHODS: Twelve patients (6 males, 6 females; 12 eyes) with naïve PCV received 3 initial IAIs and a single session of PDT 3 days after the first IAI (combination group), and 13 patients (7 males, 6 females; 13 eyes) with naïve PCV received 3 initial IAIs only (IAI group) were retrospectively observed...
August 18, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Wataru Kikushima, Yoichi Sakurada, Atsushi Sugiyama, Naohiko Tanabe, Atsuki Kume, Hiroyuki Iijima
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of two different initial treatment modalities on visual outcome, need for retreatment, and angiographic improvement during 12-month follow-up for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). METHODS: A retrospective medical chart review was performed for 66 eyes from 66 patients with treatment-naïve PCV. Visual and angiographic improvements and the incidence of retreatment for recurrence or residual pathology were compared between two groups that underwent either intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) monotherapy (n = 33) or combined photodynamic therapy (PDT) with IAI (n = 33)...
August 17, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Hui Liu, Lu-Yi Zhang, Xiao-Xia Li, Miao-Qin Wu
INTRODUCTION: Massive subretinal hemorrhage (SRH) due to polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) remains a challenging field and the best treatment is still not certain. In the present study, we performed a novel surgical method which combined 23-gauge vitrectomy with external drainage therapy for displace massive SRH secondary to PCV. METHODS: From April 2015 to July 2015, 4 consecutive patients with massive SRH secondary to PCV received 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy with external drainage therapy...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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