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Very low birth weight infant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653819/the-impact-of-prenatal-exposure-to-power-plant-emissions-on-birth-weight-evidence-from-a-pennsylvania-power-plant-located-upwind-of-new-jersey
#1
Muzhe Yang, Rhea A Bhatta, Shin-Yi Chou, Cheng-I Hsieh
To examine the infant health impact of prenatal exposure to power plant emissions, we draw scientific evidence on the impacted region downwind of a large polluter, a coal-fired power plant located on the border of two states and proven to be the sole contributor to the violation of air quality standards of the impacted region. Our results show that among all live singleton births that occurred during 1990 through 2006, those born to mothers living as far as 20 to 30 miles away downwind from the power plant (which is also an affluent region) during pregnancy are at greater risks of low birth weight (LBW) and very low birth weight (VLBW): the likelihoods of LBW and VLBW could increase approximately by 6...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651978/changes-in-cerebral-oxygenation-in-preterm-infants-with-progressive-posthemorrhagic-ventricular-dilatation
#2
Michael Kochan, Jacob McPadden, William T Bass, Tushar Shah, Wendy T Brown, Gary W Tye, Turaj Vazifedan
BACKGROUND: Optimal timing of intervention in neonatal progressive posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus is often a difficult decision. Unchecked hydrocephalus can lead to irreversible brain injury through impaired perfusion, while placement of a shunt is not without long-term morbidity. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of near-infrared spectroscopy to measure changes in regional cerebral oxygen saturation as an indicator of cerebral perfusion in infants with progressive posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640920/pathogen-specific-mortality-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-with-primary-bloodstream-infection
#3
Brar C Piening, Christine Geffers, Petra Gastmeier, Frank Schwab
OBJECTIVE: Mortality in very low birth weight infants following microbiology confirmed primary bloodstream infections varies with the type of causative pathogen. Given evidence from other studies that infections with gram negative bacteria and fungi cause a higher case fatality risk. We tried to confirm this in a nation-wide multi-center trial. METHODS: A cohort of 55,465 very low birth weight infants from 242 neonatal departments participating in the German national neonatal infection surveillance system NEO-KISS was used to investigate differences in the case fatality risk of microbiology confirmed primary bloodstream infections according to individual pathogens...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639282/adipokines-played-a-limited-role-in-predicting-temporary-growth-differences-between-very-low-birth-weight-infants-with-and-without-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#4
A Lehtinen, P Korhonen, E Hyödynmaa, A M Koivisto, T Peltola, M Hämäläinen, E Moilanen, O Tammela
AIMS: This study explored whether growth was poorer among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and assessed adipokine levels as predictors of early growth. METHODS: We studied 53 VLBW infants born in Tampere University Hospital up to 12 months of corrected age (CA). The mean age of the 21 infants with BPD and 32 infants without BPD was 29 weeks and the mean weights were 930 (635-1,470) and 1,185 (650-1,470) grams. Growth parameters, macronutrients intake and plasma levels of adipokines were measured...
June 22, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636872/long-term-postnatal-steroid-effect-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
YoungAh Youn, Cheong-Jun Moon, In Kyung Sung
We examined whether hydrocortisone exposure ≤ 1week in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) was associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes at corrected 18 months. Further, the clinical factors associated with worse long term outcome were also evaluated. Of a total of 191 VLBWI, the clinical data for these infants relating were retrospectively collected for analysis. Among the 191 VLBWI, 115 (60.2%) infants were exposed to early postnatal hydrocortisone ≤ 1 week of life in our NICU of Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea between December 2012 and December 2014...
June 18, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632972/non-randomised-interventional-study-showed-that-early-aggressive-nutrition-was-effective-in-reducing-postnatal-growth-restriction-in-preterm-infants
#6
Giulia Genoni, Marco Binotti, Alice Monzani, Elena Bernascone, Ilaria Stasi, Gianni Bona, Federica Ferrero
AIM: This study evaluated whether an early aggressive nutrition (EAN) strategy could limit extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) in a cohort of preterm infants. METHODS: This prospective non-randomised interventional study was carried out in the neonatal intensive care unit of an Italian hospital from January 2013 to December 2015. The prevalence of EUGR was assessed in 100 infants with a gestational age of ≤34 weeks, 50 after the introduction of an EAN regimen in October 2014 and 50 before...
June 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625190/association-between-early-echocardiography-therapy-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-and-outcomes-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
Jan Hau Lee, Rachel G Greenberg, Bin H Quek, Reese H Clark, Matthew M Laughon, P Brian Smith, Christoph P Hornik
BACKGROUND: In very low birth weight infants, persistence of a patent ductus arteriosus results in morbidity and mortality. Therapies to close the ductus are effective, but clinical outcomes may depend on the accuracy of diagnosis and the timing of administration. The objective of the present study was to characterise the association between early echocardiography, therapy for patent ductus arteriosus, and outcomes in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used electronic health record data on inborn infants of gestational age ⩽28 weeks and birth weight <1500 g who were discharged after day of life 7 from 362 neonatal ICU from 1997 to 2013...
June 19, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622483/human-milk-fortifiers-do-not-meet-the-current-recommendation-for-nutrients-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#8
Winston Koo, Hilary Tice
BACKGROUND: Use of multinutrient fortifiers is standard of care for small preterm infants fed exclusively human milk. However, adequacy of human milk fortifiers (HMFs) to meet the recommended intake for macronutrients and micronutrients is now known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nutrient content of human milk fortified according to manufacturer's recommendations was compared at isocaloric levels for 1 human milk-based (HMF-A), 2 bovine milk protein-based (HMF-B, HMF-C), and 2 preterm infant formulas (PTF-B, PTF-C)...
June 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617764/oropharyngeal-colostrum-administration-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Yuxia Zhang, Futing Ji, Xiaojing Hu, Yun Cao, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: Studies have confirmed the safety of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum in very low birth weight infants. However, the effect of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum on immune system is inconclusive. This study aims to evaluate the effect of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum on secretory immunoglobulin A and lactoferrin in very low birth weight infants. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Forty-bedded neonatal ICU in a university children's hospital in the People's Republic of China...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609432/protective-effects-of-amniotic-fluid-in-the-setting-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#10
REVIEW
Soham Dasgupta, Sunil Kumar Jain
Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common life threatening condition affecting preterm infants. NEC occurs in 1-5% of all neonatal intensive care admissions and 5-10% of very low birth weight infants. The protective role of human breast milk (BM) has been well established. It has also been shown that amniotic fluid (AF) and breast milk have many similarities in terms of presence of growth and other immune-modulatory factors. This finding led to the initial hypothesis that AF may exert similar protective effects against the development of NEC as does BM...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609176/mothers-of-infants-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-describe-breastfeeding-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-as-long-as-it-s-my-milk-i-m-happy
#11
Elizabeth B Froh, Janet A Deatrick, Martha A Q Curley, Diane L Spatz
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about the breastfeeding experience of mothers of infants born with congenital anomalies and cared for in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Often, studies related to breastfeeding and lactation in the NICU setting are focused on the mothers of late preterm, preterm, low-birth-weight, and very-low-birth-weight infants. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is an anatomic malformation of the diaphragm and affects 1 in every 2,000 to 4,000 live births...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592011/-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based-urinary-metabolomics-in-very-low-birth-weight-premature-infants
#12
S T Li, X L Huang, S G Wu, Y M Ma, C C Shi, X Xiao, H Hao
Objective: To investigate the urinary metabolic spectrum and pathways in very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants. Method: A prospective case-control study was conducted to collect and compare the data of VLBW premature infants and full term infants from the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yet-Sen University in 2014. Within 24 hours after birth, urine specimens in each group were collected. Metabolites of urine samples including amino acid, fatty acid and organic acid were detected using the urease pre-processing and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) technology...
June 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588168/randomized-controlled-trial-of-slow-versus-rapid-enteral-feeding-advancements-on-the-clinical-outcomes-in-very-low-birth-weight-neonates
#13
F Ahmed, M A Mannan, A C Dey, N Nahar, Z Hasan, I Jahan, S K Dey, M Shahidullah
Starting and advancement of feeding in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants are big challenges for the neonatal practitioners. Wide variations in volume of feed advancement have observed in earlier trials both in slow and rapid advancement groups. Volume advancement in slow advancement groups have ranged from 10ml/kg/day to 23ml/kg/day and in rapid advancement groups have ranged from 15ml/kg/day to 45ml/kg/day in earlier different studies. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) from April 2013 to July 2014 to evaluate the effects of slow versus rapid rates of feeding advancements on the clinical outcomes in very low birth weight infants...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583780/-nephrogenic-syndrome-of-inappropriate-antidiuresis-early-diagnosis-avoids-severe-hyponatremia-complications
#14
A Cailleaux, F Mahieu, C Heinrichs, B Adams, K Ismaili, C Brachet
AIM: Nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD) is a rare disease characterized by a kidney disability to dilute urine and, as a result, severe recurrent hyponatremia. Due to wide variability in clinical expression, the diagnosis still remains a challenge for clinicians. We report our experience of a case in which NSIAD was diagnosed early. We also stress the importance of early diagnosis and treatment, which protects an infant with NSAID from severe hyponatremia. BACKGROUND: A 1-month-old boy was referred to our hospital for persistent hyponatremia and intense vomiting...
June 2, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582577/postnatal-weight-gain-patterns-in-preterm-very-low-birth-weight-infants-born-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-south-india
#15
Georgie Mathew, Vijay Gupta, Sridhar Santhanam, Grace Rebekah
Background: Extrauterine growth retardation is a common problem in preterm, very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) babies, as well as paucity of growth charts that follow their postnatal growth. Aim: To evaluate and plot postnatal weight gain patterns of preterm VLBW babies of <34 weeks' gestation born at a tertiary care neonatal unit in South India. Methods: Weight gain patterns of all preterm (27 to < 34 weeks' gestation) and VLBW (<1500 g) neonates were used for plotting the centile curves by retrospective review of electronic medical records...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575910/oropharyngeal-administration-of-colostrum-increases-salivary-secretory-iga-levels-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#16
Kristen M Glass, Coleen P Greecher, Kim K Doheny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570117/effects-of-chromium-on-glucose-tolerance-in-infants-receiving-parenteral-nutrition-therapy
#17
Kristin Capone, Sudhir Sriram, Tiffany Patton, Dana Weinstein, Ellen Newton, Kristen Wroblewski, Timothy Sentongo
OBJECTIVES: Early hyperglycemia is prevalent in preterm infants receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) therapy. Chromium improves glucose tolerance by potentiating the action of insulin. Therefore, we hypothesized that supplementing PN with chromium would improve glucose tolerance and PN calorie delivery in infants during the first week of life. METHODS: We collected data on neonates receiving PN initiated at birth with chromium (0.2 mcg/kg/d) started either on days 5-7 (group A) vs day 1 (group B) on PN and compared glucose tolerance and PN calorie administration over the first week of life...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28563973/phototherapy-for-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia
#18
REVIEW
Susumu Itoh, Hitoshi Okada, Toru Kuboi, Takashi Kusaka
About 60 years ago in England, phototherapy for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia was actually used in clinical practice. It was introduced in Japan about 50 years ago. However, the mechanism of how the serum bilirubin concentration was decreased by the phototherapy was still unknown. The mechanism was identified by chemists, biochemists, and pediatricians. Clarification started with the report that unconjugated bilirubin was excreted into bile after the photoirradiation of Gunn rats. After the molecular conformation of bilirubin by X-ray analysis, the mechanism for bile excretion of unconjugated bilirubin was verified based on geometric configurational photoisomers in the Gunn rat...
May 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562302/trends-in-patent-ductus-arteriosus-diagnosis-and-management-for-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#19
Samantha Ngo, Jochen Profit, Jeffrey B Gould, Henry C Lee
OBJECTIVE: To examine yearly trends of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) diagnosis and treatment in very low birth weight infants. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study of very low birth weight infants (<1500 g) between 2008 and 2014 across 134 California hospitals, we evaluated PDA diagnosis and treatment by year of birth. Infants were either inborn or transferred in within 2 days after delivery and had no congenital abnormalities. Intervention levels for treatment administered to achieve ductal closure were categorized as none, pharmacologic (indomethacin or ibuprofen), both pharmacologic intervention and surgical ligation, or ligation only...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561144/serum-endocan-level-as-a-predictive-marker-for-hemodynamically-significant-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-very-low-birth-weight-%C3%A4-nfants
#20
Halit Halil, Cuneyt Tayman, Ufuk Cakır, Mehmet Buyuktiryaki, Utku Serkant, Serife Suna Oğuz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
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