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carcinoma of the pancreas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446319/dual-energy-ct-iodine-maps-as-an-alternative-quantitative-imaging-biomarker-to-abdominal-ct-perfusion-determination-of-appropriate-trigger-delays-for-acquisition-using-bolus-tracking
#1
Stephan Skornitzke, Franziska Fritz, Philipp Mayer, Marco Koell, Jens Hansen, Gregor Pahn, Thilo Hackert, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Wolfram Stiller
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative evaluation of different bolus-tracking trigger delays for acquisition of dual-energy (DE) computed tomography (CT) iodine maps as an alternative to CT perfusion. METHODS: Prior to this retrospective analysis of prospectively acquired data, DECT perfusion sequences were dynamically acquired in 22 patients with pancreatic carcinoma using dual-source CT at 80/140kV p with tin filtration. After deformable motion-correction, perfusion maps of blood flow (BF) were calculated from 80kVp image series of DECT, and iodine maps were calculated for each of the 34 DECT acquisitions per patient...
February 15, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442219/a-case-of-mixed-adenoneuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-mimicking-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-carcinoma
#2
Hideki Mori, Keiji Hanada, Tomoyuki Minami, Shigeki Yano, Motomitsu Fukuhara, Hirotsugu Maruyama, Akinori Shimizu, Naomichi Hirano, Fumiaki Hino, Hironobu Amano, Shuji Yonehara
A previously healthy 52-year-old man was referred to our hospital for further evaluation of main pancreatic duct dilatation. The preoperative work-up was consistent with intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma (IPMC) derived from a mixed type intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), because multilocular cysts with enhancing thickened pancreatic head walls and dilated pancreatic ducts lined with dysplastic mucinous epithelium, with papillary proliferation from the pancreatic body to the tail, were observed; in addition, the pancreatic juice cytology was class V, which is suggestive of adenocarcinoma...
February 13, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439298/a-rare-cause-of-pancreatic-head-mass-metastatic-prostate-cancer-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#3
Khalil Aloreidi, Robert T Lapp
Metastases to the pancreas account for less than 5 percent of all malignancies affecting the pancreas. The most common secondary malignancy of the pancreas is renal cell carcinoma. We report a patient presented with abdominal pain and weight loss. Computed tomography (CT) imaging showed pancreatic head mass. Biopsy from the mass showed prostate metastasis after 13 years from radical prostatectomy and Leuprolide therapy. This case demonstrates a rare location for prostate metastasis which was the pancreas. To our knowledge there are only six cases reported in literature...
January 2018: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434948/granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-producing-mucinous-cystic-neoplasm-with-an-associated-invasive-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas
#4
Kazuhide Shimamatsu, Yoshiki Naito, Yutaro Mihara, Masamichi Nakayama, Masahiko Tanigawa, Yushi Abe, Ken Nakamura, Toshihiro Araki, Kenji Sakata, Kazunori Noguchi, Jun Akiba, Hirohisa Yano, Osamu Nakashima
The present case study documents an autopsy case of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN), with an associated invasive carcinoma of the pancreas. A 65-year-old woman presented to Omuta City Hospital (Omuta Japan) with a primary complaint of abdominal pain. Multiple liver nodules and a pancreatic cyst were detected upon abdominal computed tomography. Initially, liver abscess was suspected as the patient exhibited leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein level...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426454/orbital-metastatic-small-cell-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-with-optic-nerve-compression
#5
Andrew J Rong, Catherine J Choi, Mark P Ghassibi, Sander R Dubovy, Thomas E Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421807/the-clinical-management-of-main-duct-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas
#6
Chiara Dal Borgo, Giampaolo Perri, Alex Borin, Giovanni Marchegiani, Roberto Salvia, Claudio Bassi
BACKGROUND: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas comprise a heterogeneous group of intraductal mucin-producing neoplasms representing a typical adenoma-to-carcinoma sequence. The involvement of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) is a feature of paramount importance, directly related to a more aggressive biology and a higher malignancy rate. METHOD: We review and discuss the clinical management of IPMNs with a MPD involvement, recalling the different consensus guidelines and addressing recent controversies in literature, presenting the current clinical practice in Verona Pancreas Institute...
February 8, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420353/clusterin-in-neuroendocrine-epithelial-neoplasms-absence-of-expression-in-a-well-differentiated-tumor-suggests-a-jejunoileal-origin
#7
Thomas W Czeczok, Kristen M Stashek, Jessica E Maxwell, Thomas M O'Dorisio, James R Howe, Jason L Hornick, Andrew M Bellizzi
Clusterin, a widely expressed, tissue-specific glycoprotein, is a diagnostic marker of several tumor types, including anaplastic large cell lymphoma, follicular dendritic cell sarcoma, and tenosynovial giant cell tumor. A recent study has suggested it is highly expressed by well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET) arising at most anatomic sites, with the exception of jejunoileal tumors, and that it is similarly not expressed by poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC). We sought to validate this result in a large cohort of NETs and NECs...
February 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401172/the-2012-international-consensus-guidelines-of-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-of-the-pancreas-fukuoka-criteria-predict-the-malignant-potential-even-in-actual-clinical-situations
#8
Yukiyasu Okamura, Shusei Sano, Teiichi Sugiura, Takaaki Ito, Yusuke Yamamoto, Ryo Ashida, Hirotoshi Ishiwatari, Hiroyuki Matsubayashi, Keiko Sasaki, Katsuhiko Uesaka
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to validate the use of the 2012 International Consensus Guidelines for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) (Fukuoka criteria) in patients without findings of obstructive jaundice and/or an enhanced solid component. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients who underwent pancreatectomy for IPMN between October 2002 and September 2016. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values for malignancy were calculated for each feature of high-risk stigmata...
February 2, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401040/imaging-follow-up-of-low-risk-incidental-pancreas-and-kidney-findings-effects-of-patient-age-and-comorbidity-on-projected-life-expectancy
#9
Tiana J Raphel, Davis T Weaver, Lincoln L Berland, Brian R Herts, Alec J Megibow, Amy B Knudsen, Pari V Pandharipande
Purpose To determine the effects of patient age and comorbidity level on life expectancy (LE) benefits associated with imaging follow-up of Bosniak IIF renal cysts and pancreatic side-branch (SB) intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs). Materials and Methods A decision-analytic Markov model to evaluate LE benefits was developed. Hypothetical cohorts with varied age (60-80 years) and comorbidities (none, mild, moderate, or severe) were evaluated. For each finding, LE projections from two strategies were compared: imaging follow-up and no imaging follow-up...
February 5, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394967/utility-of-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-multiple-b-values-in-evaluation-of-pancreatic-malignant-and-benign-lesions-and-pancreatitis
#10
Elif Karadeli, Gurcan Erbay, Alper Parlakgumus, Zafer Koc
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of diffusion-weighted imaging in evaluation of pancreatic lesions and in differentiation of benign from malignant lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Baskent University Adana Teaching and Research Center, Adana, Turkey, between September 2013 and May 2015. METHODOLOGY: Forty-three lesions [pancreas adenocarcinoma (n=25)], pancreatitis (n=10), benign lesion (n=8)] were utilized with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging with multiple b-values...
February 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394835/-a-case-of-small-sized-acinar-cell-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-resected-by-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#11
Terukazu Yoshihara, Yoshito Tomimaru, Kozo Noguchi, Hirotsugu Nagase, Atsushi Hamabe, Masashi Hirota, Kazuteru Oshima, Tsukasa Tanida, Shunji Morita, Hiroshi Imamura, Takashi Iwazawa, Kenzo Akagi, Keizo Dono
A 81-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for a stomach pain. Abdominal enhanced CT scan showed a pancreatic hypovascular tumor 10mm in size. Abnormal FDG uptake was found on the tumor at FDG/PET-CT examination. The tumor was identified also at endoscopic ultrasonography, and the endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy of this tumor gave the diagnosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Under the preoperative diagnosis, laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy was performed. There were no postoperative complications...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394762/-a-case-of-anaplastic-carcinoma-spindle-cell-type-of-the-pancreas
#12
Shuto Fujita, Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Daisuke Satoh, Hitoshi Idani, Yasutomo Ojima, Masao Harano, Kanyu Nakano, Daisuke Sumitani, Yasuhiro Choda, Michihiro Ishida, Soichiro Miyake, Tetsushi Kubota, Masazumi Okajima
Anaplastic carcinoma spindle cell type is an extremely rare disease and its prognosis is very poor. We herein report a case of anaplastic carcinoma spindle cell type of the pancreas. A 50-year-old man complaining of epigastralgia was found to have a pancreatic body-tail tumor by abdominal US and CT studies. Abdominal CT showed an irregular poorly-enhanced 33mm tumor containing a cystic component. ERCP revealed the main pancreatic duct was cut off at the tumor. Cytology of the pancreatic fluids did not indicate malignancy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394738/-long-term-survivors-after-resection-for-primary-pancreatic-carcinoma-stage-iv
#13
Hironobu Makino, Hisashi Kametaka, Tadaomi Fukada, Takahiro Akiyama, Manabu Saitou, Shunsuke Tabe, Kazuhiro Seike
We discuss the prognosis of cases of Stage IV pancreatic carcinoma with distant metastases(7th Edition of General Rules for the Study of Pancreatic Cancer, Japan Pancreas Society)for which any treatment was performed at our hospital. Fiftythree patients were radiographically or pathologically diagnosed as having Stage IV pancreatic carcinoma with definite prognosis, and received treatments, includingsurg ery or chemotherapy, at our department. Twenty-two cases showed more metastases, and celiac artery or superior mesenteric artery invasion was suspected in 28 cases...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394704/-a-case-report-of-acinar-cell-carcinoma-of-pancreas-with-extensive-intraductal-growth-to-the-branch-main-pancreatic-duct
#14
Masashige Nishimura, Hiroshi Wada, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Daisaku Yamada, Tadafumi Asaoka, Takehiro Noda, Kunihito Gotoh, Shogo Kobayashi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
Since acinar cell carcinoma(ACC)of pancreas is rare, we sometimes meet a case hard to make diagnosis before surgery. We here reported a case of ACC of pancreas with extensive intraductal growth to the main pancreatic duct and the branch of the pancreatic duct. A 43-year-old man visit a clinic with a concern of uncomfortable feeling on left side abdomen. CT/MRI examination showed a ischemic tumor, 38×25 mm, in the body-tail of the pancreas, and the tumor infiltrated to left renal capsule. ERCP showed the interruption and stenosis of the pancreatic duct at the point adjacent to tumor...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394692/-a-case-of-locally-advanced-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-stomach-could-be-curably-resected-after-chemotherapy-with-cpt-11-cddp
#15
Tomoki Kido, Yuta Morimoto, Hiroshi Toda, Kei Yoshino, Hiroshi Imano, Toshiki Sasaki, Yoshihiko Kimura, Reijiro Saito, Kazuhiko Endo
A 64-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of epigastralgia. Gastrointestinal endoscopyrevealed a submucosal tumor with ulceration in the upper bodyof the stomach. The tumor was histologicallydiagnosed as a neuroendocrine carcinoma. CT showed that the tumor had directlyinfiltrated the pancreas and splenic vessels. The patient underwent onlyan exploratorylaparotomybecause the tumor seemed to involve the celiac artery. Chemotherapywas conducted using CPT-11/ CDDP. After 15 courses of chemotherapy, a significant tumor reduction was obtained...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394636/-an-enhanced-multimodality-treatment-strategy-in-pancreatic-ductal-carcinoma-requiring-heminephrectomy-for-radical-resection-a-case-report
#16
Akihiro Kitagawa, Yoshifumi Iwagami, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Daisaku Yamada, Tadafumi Asaoka, Takehiro Noda, Hiroshi Wada, Koichi Kawamoto, Kunihito Gotoh, Shogo Kobayashi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
A 76-year-old male visited a clinic and the images incidentally revealed a tumor in the tail of pancreas. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma was diagnosed by the following examination, indicating that the tumor invasion to spleen, left adrenal gland and left kidney(cT3N0M0, cStage II A), requiring heminephrectomy for radical resection. Enhanced preoperative treatments were performed while taking into account a possibility of any restrictions for the age and the standard adjuvant chemotherapies after heminephrectomy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392646/postoperative-recurrence-from-tract-seeding-after-use-of-eus-fna-for-preoperative-diagnosis-of-cancer-in-pancreatic-tail
#17
Utae Sakamoto, Nobuhiko Fukuban, Shunji Ishihara, Shohei Sumi, Mayumi Okada, Hiroki Sonoyama, Naoki Ohshima, Ichiro Moriyama, Kousaku Kawashima, Yoshikazu Kinoshita
A 50-year-old male underwent abdominal computed tomography at a city hospital in Japan, which revealed a tumor 38 mm in diameter in the tail of the pancreas. Based on findings from endoscopic ultrasonography-guided fine needle aspiration using a 22-gauge needle with a side hole, the tumor was diagnosed as an invasive ductal carcinoma. The patient was referred to our hospital and underwent a distal pancreatectomy. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy performed as part of a medical checkup at another hospital 2 years later revealed a 20-mm-sized submucosal tumor in the posterior wall of the upper body of the stomach...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390940/metastasis-to-the-f344-rat-pancreas-from-lung-cancer-induced-by-4-methylnitrosamino-1-3-pyridyl-1-butanone-and-enantiomers-of-its-metabolite-4-methylnitrosamino-1-3-pyridyl-1-butanol-constituents-of-tobacco-products
#18
Ramesh C Kovi, Charles S Johnson, Silvia Balbo, Stephen S Hecht, M Gerard O'Sullivan
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths in humans worldwide. There is strong evidence that the tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and its metabolite 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL) play an important role in carcinogenesis caused by tobacco products. NNK and racemic NNAL are reported to induce lung and pancreatic tumors in rats. The carcinogenicity in Fischer 344 rats of NNK, NNAL, and its enantiomers ( R)-NNAL and ( S)-NNAL has been studied recently, and all test compounds induced significant numbers of lung tumors...
January 1, 2018: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390514/successful-gamma-knife-radiosurgery-combined-with-s-1-in-an-elderly-man-with-local-recurrent-pancreatic-cancer-a-case-report
#19
Juan Wei, XiaoFang Dong, FangMing Du, Sheng Tang, HangPing Wei
RATIONALE: Pancreatic cancer is common in people older than 40 years, and the incidence peaks at the age of 70 years and older. Chemoradiotherapy has been generally considered a high-risk procedure in elderly patients with local recurrent pancreatic cancer. Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery has the advantage in protecting the surrounding tissues, and providing short-term effects. It has been successfully used in patients with brain metastases.The efficacy of GKSRS in other malignancies has barely been studied...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362317/-a-resectable-case-of-ts-1-therapy-useful-in-distinguishing-primary-lung-cancer-from-lung-metastases-of-pancreatic-cancer
#20
Tatsuya Miyamoto, Masashi Inoue, Masahiro Tanemura, Megumi Yamaguchi, Toshimitsu Irei, Kentaro Tamaru, Shingo Seo, Toshihiro Misumi, Wataru Shimizu, Takahisa Suzuki, Takashi Onoe, Takeshi Sudo, Yosuke Shimizu, Takao Hinoi, Hirotaka Tashiro
We report a case of pneumonectomy followed by radical pancreatectomy after oral administration of TS-1 for pancreatic cancer with complications ofa lung tumor. The patient was a 66-year-old woman. A pancreatic tail tumor and 2 lung nodules were detected on CT scans, and were diagnosed as pancreatic cancer and metastatic lung cancer. During a total of1 1 courses ofTS -1 therapy, the pancreatic tumor tended to contract, but both pulmonary nodules remained unchanged. Due to differences in treatment effect, double cancers of the lung and pancreas were suspected, rather than metastatic lung cancers...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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