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Christoph A Agten, Daniel J Kaplan, Laith M Jazrawi, Christopher J Burke
OBJECTIVE: Subchondroplasty is a novel minimally invasive procedure that is used to treat painful bone marrow lesions in patients with knee osteoarthritis or insufficiency fractures. The objective of this article is to describe the surgical technique and the pre- and postoperative imaging findings of a small case series acquired at a single center. CONCLUSION: The radiologist should be familiar with the anticipated postoperative imaging appearances after subchondroplasty and the potential complications...
December 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Joanne Y Yoo, Michael J O'Malley, Laura J Matsen Ko, Steven B Cohen, Peter F Sharkey
BACKGROUND: Calcium phosphate bone substitutes (CPBS) are commonly used to augment and repair bone voids and defects after fractures around the knee joint. The purpose of this study was to determine whether prior arthroscopic application of a CPBS, for repair of magnetic resonance imaging-identified subchondral fractures associated with osteoarthritis (procedure referred to as subchondroplasty) adversely affected the performance and/or outcome of subsequent knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Twenty-two patients who had arthroscopic repair of a periarticular fracture combined with use of a CPBS who later had knee arthroplasty were identified...
October 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Mika T Nevalainen, Peter F Sharkey, Steven B Cohen, Johannes B Roedl, Adam C Zoga, William B Morrison
Bone marrow lesions observed in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been recognized as a source of knee pain. Subchondroplasty was developed to treat these lesions with a percutaneous injection of calcium phosphate bone substitute into the bone. As subchondroplasty may potentially become a more common procedure in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis, it is important for radiologists to recognize the typical MRI findings and not to confuse them with other pathology. Here we report the MRI findings for two patients following subchondroplasty...
March 2016: Clinical Imaging
Jason A Collins, Bryan G Beutel, Eric Strauss, Thomas Youm, Laith Jazrawi
Bone marrow edema of the knee occurs secondary to a myriad of causes. The hallmark of a bone marrow lesion (BML) is an area of decreased signal intensity on T1 weighted MRI with a corresponding area of increased signal intensity on a T2 weighted MRI. Recently, chronic bone marrow lesions have been correlated with knee pain and progression of osteoarthritis. These lesions have also been associated with other degenerative conditions such as meniscal tears, cartilage deterioration, subchondral cyst formation, mechanical malalignment, and ultimately progression to arthroplasty...
March 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
Steven Brad Cohen, Peter F Sharkey
The prognosis of osteoarthritis (OA) is worsened by persistent subchondral defects known as bone marrow lesions (BMLs), which herald severe joint degeneration and the need for joint replacement. Joint-preserving treatments that reverse the progression of pain and immobility are limited. Subchondroplasty is a procedure developed to treat BMLs by injecting a calcium phosphate bone substitute into compromised subchondral bone, under fluoroscopic guidance. Here we evaluate the effectiveness of this approach for relieving pain and improving function in patients with documented BMLs and advanced knee OA, in a retrospective study...
October 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Dinely A Colon, Byung Jo Victor Yoon, Thomas Anthony Russell, Frank P Cammisa, Celeste Abjornson
BACKGROUND: Bone substitute materials (BSMs) have been commercially available for over 30 years and have been used extensively in orthopedic procedures. Some BSMs are described as "injectable." With rising focus on minimally invasive surgical procedures, the range of applications in which these materials are injectable is of clinical interest. Specifically, their performance in closed, pressurized environments in the trabecular bone with microdamage or abnormal bone remodeling have not been well characterized...
December 2015: Knee
Geoffrey D Abrams, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Joshua D Harris, Brian J Cole
Osteochondritis dissecans lesions occur frequently in children and adolescents. Treatment can be challenging and depends on the status of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Injection of calcium phosphate bone substitute into the area of subchondral bone edema (Subchondroplasty; Knee Creations, West Chester, PA) may be an option. We present a case of a lateral tibial plateau osteochondritis dissecans lesion treated with subchondral injection of nanocrystalline calcium phosphate. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging is used to determine the area of subchondral edema, and intraoperative fluoroscopy is used to localize this area with the injection cannula...
2013: Arthroscopy Techniques
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