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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108920/biochemical-and-physiological-responses-of-halophilic-nanophytoplankton-dunaliella-salina-from-exposure-to-xeno-estrogen-17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol
#1
Dalel Belhaj, Khaled Athmouni, Doniez Frikha, Monem Kallel, Abdelfattah El Feki, Sami Maalej, John L Zhou, Habib Ayadi
The environmental impacts of various pollutants on the entire levels of organisms are under investigation. Among these pollutants, endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDCs) present a serious hazard, even though the environmental significance of these compounds remains basically unknown. To drop some light on this field, we assessed the effects of a 11-day exposure of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) on the growth, metabolic content, antioxidant response, oxidative stress, and genetic damage of Dunaliella salina, isolated from Tunisian biotopes...
January 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108873/does-employment-related-resilience-affect-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-community-violence-and-depression
#2
Seth L Welles, Falguni Patel, Mariana Chilton
Depression is a barrier to employment among low-income caregivers receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and exposure to community violence (ECV) are often associated with depression. Using baseline data of 103 TANF caregivers of young children of the Building Wealth and Health Network Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot, this study investigated associations of two forms of employment-related resilience-self-efficacy and employment hope-with exposure to adversity/violence and depression, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) short form...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108212/do-educational-seminars-for-the-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-improve-attitudes-toward-the-value-of-vaccination
#3
Kay Roussos-Ross, L Foster, H V Peterson, Julie Decesare
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness and impact of educational seminars given at two sites in North-Central Florida on the knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV), perceived barriers to HPV vaccination, and willingness to vaccinate against HPV in eligible patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study was performed in conjunction with the Committee for the Healthcare of Underserved Women, District XII, American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG)...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108189/the-longitudinal-impact-of-an-internet-safety-decision-aid-for-abused-women
#4
Nancy E Glass, Nancy A Perrin, Ginger C Hanson, Tina L Bloom, Jill T Messing, Amber S Clough, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Andrea C Gielen, James Case, Karen B Eden
INTRODUCTION: Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) navigate complex, dangerous decisions. Tailored safety information and safety planning, typically provided by domestic violence service providers, can prevent repeat IPV exposure and associated adverse health outcomes; however, few abused women access these services. The Internet represents a potentially innovative way to connect abused women with tailored safety planning resources and information. The purpose of this study was to compare safety and mental health outcomes at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months among abused women randomized to: (1) a tailored, Internet-based safety decision aid; or (2) control website (typical safety information available online)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108159/influence-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-benthic-oxygen-consumption-of-microbial-communities-in-freshwater-sediments-determined-by-microelectrodes
#5
Lingzhan Miao, Chao Wang, Jun Hou, Peifang Wang, Yanhui Ao, Yi Li, Yu Yao, Bowen Lv, Yangyang Yang, Guoxiang You, Yi Xu
Increasing use of silver nanoparticles (NPs) will inevitably result in release of these particles into aquatic environments, with sediments as a substantial sink. Nevertheless it remained largely unknown whether Ag NPs present potential impacts in sediment functioning. In this study, thus, a microcosm approach was constructed and the potential impacts of Ag NPs and PVP-coated Ag NPs on the oxygen consumption in freshwater sediments (collected from Taihu Lake) were determined using oxygen microelectrodes. To our knowledge, this is the first time that microelectrodes have been used to estimate the impacts of Ag NPs in sediments...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108053/graphic-health-warnings-as-activators-of-social-networks-a-field-experiment-among-individuals-of-low-socioeconomic-position
#6
Shoba Ramanadhan, Rebekah H Nagler, Rachel McCloud, Racquel Kohler, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
RATIONALE: Graphic health warnings (GHWs) on cigarette packages present an important tobacco control opportunity, particularly for vulnerable populations suffering a disproportionate tobacco burden. One mechanism by which GHWs may influence smoking outcomes is by prompting interpersonal discussions within health discussion networks (the set of personal contacts with whom an individual discusses health issues). OBJECTIVE: The study examined the association between GHW-prompted conversations within health discussion networks and key tobacco-related outcomes, with attention to valence and content of the discussions...
January 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108016/can-benthic-quality-assessment-be-impaired-by-uncertain-species-sensitivities
#7
Romualda Chuševė, Darius Daunys
This study tested robustness of mathematically defined species sensitivity with manipulation of disturbance gradient coverage by datasets on two different pressures and two depth zones of the central Baltic Sea. The results indicate large differences of sensitivity values for the same species when depth range changed. After addition of samples from impacted sites to the control datasets, estimated sensitivity values decreased for half of analysed species. Sensitivity of tolerant species appeared to be highly dependent on the coverage of disturbance gradient by the dataset, while sensitive species were highly robust to this effect...
January 17, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#8
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107258/what-to-eat-and-drink-in-the-festive-season-a-pan-european-observational-cross-sectional-study
#9
Helen L Parker, Jelena Curcic, Henriette Heinrich, Matthias Sauter, Michael Hollenstein, Werner Schwizer, Edoardo Savarino, Mark Fox
BACKGROUND: Digestive discomfort after meals is common in the community, especially during the festive season. It is uncertain whether this is related to intake of either high-calorie or high-fat foods or, alternatively, intake of specific foods. This prospective, cross-sectional study tested the hypothesis that the risk of reflux or dyspepsia is associated with the fat content of the meal independent of caloric load in a 'real-life' setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four festive meals were served to delegates attending a conference on four consecutive days...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105813/generation-and-trapping-of-nitrosocarbonyl-intermediates
#10
Misal Giuseppe Memeo, Paolo Quadrelli
The nitrosocarbonyls (R-CONO) are highly reactive species and remarkable intermediates toward different synthetic targets. This review will cover a research area whose impact in current organic synthesis is constantly increasing in the chemical community. This review represents the first and comprehensive picture on the generation and trapping of nitrosocarbonyls and is solidly built on more than 380 papers. Six different classes of key starting materials such as hydroxamic acids, N-hydroxy carbamates, N-hydroxyureas, nitrile oxides, and 1,2,4-oxadiazole-4-oxides were highlighted...
January 20, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105509/variation-in-metabolite-profiles-of-amphibian-skin-bacterial-communities-across-elevations-in-the-neotropics
#11
Daniel Medina, Myra C Hughey, Matthew H Becker, Jenifer B Walke, Thomas P Umile, Elizabeth A Burzynski, Anthony Iannetta, Kevin P C Minbiole, Lisa K Belden
Both the structure and function of host-associated microbial communities are potentially impacted by environmental conditions, just as the outcomes of many free-living species interactions are context-dependent. Many amphibian populations have declined around the globe due to the fungal skin pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), but enivronmental conditions may influence disease dynamics. For instance, in Panamá, the most severe Bd outbreaks have occurred at high elevation sites. Some amphibian species harbor bacterial skin communities that can inhibit the growth of Bd, and therefore, there is interest in understanding whether environmental context could also alter these host-associated microbial communities in a way that might ultimately impact Bd dynamics...
January 19, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104577/investigating-subjective-experience-and-the-influence-of-weather-among-individuals-with-fibromyalgia-a-content-analysis-of-twitter
#12
Pari Delir Haghighi, Yong-Bin Kang, Rachelle Buchbinder, Frada Burstein, Samuel Whittle
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the determinants of symptom expression in individuals with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). While individuals with FMS often report environmental influences, including weather events, on their symptom severity, a consistent effect of specific weather conditions on FMS symptoms has yet to be demonstrated. Content analysis of a large number of messages by individuals with FMS on Twitter can provide valuable insights into variation in the fibromyalgia experience from a first-person perspective...
January 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104470/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-primary-palliative-care-intervention-connect-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-protocol-and-key-design-considerations
#13
Claire L Becker, Robert M Arnold, Seo Young Park, Margaret Rosenzweig, Thomas J Smith, Douglas B White, Kenneth J Smith, Yael Schenker
BACKGROUND: The addition of specialty palliative care to standard oncology care improves outcomes for patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers, but many lack access to specialty care services. Primary palliative care-meaning basic palliative care services provided by clinicians who are not palliative care specialists-is an alternative approach that has not been rigorously evaluated. METHODS: A cluster randomized, controlled trial of the CONNECT (Care management by Oncology Nurses to address supportive care needs) intervention, an oncology nurse-led care management approach to providing primary palliative care for patients with advanced cancer and their family caregivers, is currently underway at 16 oncology practices in Western Pennsylvania...
January 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104341/water-level-fluctuations-influence-sediment-porewater-chemistry-and-methylmercury-production-in-a-flood-control-reservoir
#14
Chris S Eckley, Todd P Luxton, Jennifer Goetz, John McKernan
Reservoirs typically have elevated fish mercury (Hg) levels compared to natural lakes and rivers. A unique feature of reservoirs is water-level management which can result in sediment exposure to the air. The objective of this study is to identify how reservoir water-level fluctuations impact Hg cycling, particularly the formation of the more toxic and bioaccumulative methylmercury (MeHg). Total-Hg (THg), MeHg, stable isotope methylation rates and several ancillary parameters were measured in reservoir sediments (including some in porewater and overlying water) that are seasonally and permanently inundated...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103952/the-interaction-between-vaginal-microbiota-cervical-length-and-vaginal-progesterone-treatment-for-preterm-birth-risk
#15
Lindsay M Kindinger, Phillip R Bennett, Yun S Lee, Julian R Marchesi, Ann Smith, Stefano Cacciatore, Elaine Holmes, Jeremy K Nicholson, T G Teoh, David A MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the primary cause of infant death worldwide. A short cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm birth. In specific patient cohorts, vaginal progesterone reduces this risk. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we undertook a prospective study in women at risk of preterm birth (n = 161) to assess (1) the relationship between vaginal microbiota and cervical length in the second trimester and preterm birth risk and (2) the impact of vaginal progesterone on vaginal bacterial communities in women with a short cervix...
January 19, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103915/effects-of-community-health-volunteers-on-infectious-diseases-of-children-under-five-in-volta-region-ghana-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Yeonji Ma, Heunghee Kim, Yinseo Cho, Jaeeun Lee, Joseph Kwami Degley, Abdul-Ghaffa Adam, Gyuhong Lee, Hoonsang Lee, Seungman Cha
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries, community health volunteers (CHVs) are employed as a key element of the public health system in rural areas with poor accessibility. However, few studies have assessed the effectiveness of CHVs in improving child health in sub-Saharan Africa through randomized controlled trials. The present study aims to measure the impact of health promotion and case management implemented by CHVs on the health of under-5 children in Ghana. METHODS/DESIGN: This study presents the protocol of a cluster-randomized controlled trial assessing the impacts of CHVs, in which the community was used as the randomization unit...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103842/one-size-doesn-t-fit-all-cross-sectional-associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-crime-and-physical-activity-depends-on-age-and-sex-of-residents
#17
Andrea S Richardson, Wendy M Troxel, Madhumita B Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Gerald P Hunter, Amy S DeSantis, Natalie Colabianchi, Tamara Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Low-income African American adults are disproportionately affected by obesity and are also least likely to engage in recommended levels of physical activity (Flegal et al. JAMA 303(3):235-41, 2010; Tucker et al. Am J Prev Med 40(4):454-61, 2011). Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is an important factor for weight management and control, as well as for reducing disease risk (Andersen et al. Lancet 368(9532):299-304, 2006; Boreham and Riddoch J Sports Sci 19(12):915-29, 2001; Carson et al...
January 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103836/rapid-reduction-of-maternal-mortality-in-uganda-and-zambia-through-the-saving-mothers-giving-life-initiative-results-of-year-1-evaluation
#18
Florina Serbanescu, Howard I Goldberg, Isabella Danel, Tadesse Wuhib, Lawrence Marum, Walter Obiero, James McAuley, Jane Aceng, Ewlyn Chomba, Paul W Stupp, Claudia Morrissey Conlon
BACKGROUND: Achieving maternal mortality reduction as a development goal remains a major challenge in most low-resource countries. Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL) is a multi-partner initiative designed to reduce maternal mortality rapidly in high mortality settings through community and facility evidence-based interventions and district-wide health systems strengthening that could reduce delays to appropriate obstetric care. METHODS: An evaluation employing multiple studies and data collection methods was used to compare baseline maternal outcomes to those during Year 1 in SMGL pilot districts in Uganda and Zambia...
January 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#19
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103210/inpatient-hospitalization-costs-associated-with-birth-defects-among-persons-of-all-ages-united-states-2013
#20
Annelise C Arth, Sarah C Tinker, Regina M Simeone, Elizabeth C Ailes, Janet D Cragan, Scott D Grosse
In the United States, major structural or genetic birth defects affect approximately 3% of live births (1) and are responsible for 20% of infant deaths (2). Birth defects can affect persons across their lifespan and are the cause of significant lifelong disabilities. CDC used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) 2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a 20% stratified sample of discharges from nonfederal community hospitals, to estimate the annual cost of birth defect-associated hospitalizations in the United States, both for persons of all ages and by age group...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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