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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161516/influence-of-grafted-block-copolymer-structure-on-thermoresponsiveness-of-superparamagnetic-core-shell-nanoparticles
#1
Steffen Kurzhals, Martina Schroffenegger, Noga Gal, Ronald Zirbs, Erik Reimhult
The morphology and topology of thermoresponsive polymers have strong impact on their responsive properties. Grafting onto spherical particles has been shown to reduce responsiveness and transition temperatures; grafting of block copolymers has shown that switchable or retained wettability of a surface or particle during desolvation of one block can take place. Here, doubly thermoresponsive block copolymers were grafted onto spherical, monodisperse and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles to investigate the effect of thermal desolvation on spherical brushes of block copolymers...
November 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161290/comparative-analysis-of-weighted-gene-co-expression-networks-in-human-and-mouse
#2
Marius Eidsaa, Lisa Stubbs, Eivind Almaas
The application of complex network modeling to analyze large co-expression data sets has gained traction during the last decade. In particular, the use of the weighted gene co-expression network analysis framework has allowed an unbiased and systems-level investigation of genotype-phenotype relationships in a wide range of systems. Since mouse is an important model organism for biomedical research on human disease, it is of great interest to identify similarities and differences in the functional roles of human and mouse orthologous genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160070/cation-hydration-in-supercritical-naoh-and-hcl-aqueous-solutions
#3
Christoph J Sahle, Johannes Niskanen, Christian Schmidt, Johannes Stefanski, Keith Gilmore, Yury Forov, Sandro Jahn, Max Wilke, Christian Sternemann
We present a study of the local atomic environment of the oxygen atoms in aqueous solutions of NaOH and HCl under simultaneous high temperature and high pressure conditions. Experimental non-resonant X-ray Raman scattering core-level spectra at the oxygen K-edge show systematic changes as a function of temperature and pressure. These systematic changes are distinct for the two different solutes and are described well by calculations within the Bethe-Salpeter formalism for snapshots from {\it ab initio} molecular dynamics simulations...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159960/mapping-the-structural-and-functional-network-architecture-of-the-medial-temporal-lobe-using-7t-mri
#4
Preya Shah, Danielle S Bassett, Laura E M Wisse, John A Detre, Joel M Stein, Paul A Yushkevich, Russell T Shinohara, John B Pluta, Elijah Valenciano, Molly Daffner, David A Wolk, Mark A Elliott, Brian Litt, Kathryn A Davis, Sandhitsu R Das
Medial temporal lobe (MTL) subregions play integral roles in memory function and are differentially affected in various neurological and psychiatric disorders. The ability to structurally and functionally characterize these subregions may be important to understanding MTL physiology and diagnosing diseases involving the MTL. In this study, we characterized network architecture of the MTL in healthy subjects (n = 31) using both resting state functional MRI and MTL-focused T2-weighted structural MRI at 7 tesla...
November 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159598/etox-allies-an-automated-pipeline-for-linear-interaction-energy-based-simulations
#5
Luigi Capoferri, Marc van Dijk, Ariën S Rustenburg, Tsjerk A Wassenaar, Derk P Kooi, Eko A Rifai, Nico P E Vermeulen, Daan P Geerke
BACKGROUND: Computational methods to predict binding affinities of small ligands toward relevant biological (off-)targets are helpful in prioritizing the screening and synthesis of new drug candidates, thereby speeding up the drug discovery process. However, use of ligand-based approaches can lead to erroneous predictions when structural and dynamic features of the target substantially affect ligand binding. Free energy methods for affinity computation can include steric and electrostatic protein-ligand interactions, solvent effects, and thermal fluctuations, but often they are computationally demanding and require a high level of supervision...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cheminformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158982/genome-wide-in-silico-identification-of-membrane-bound-transcription-factors-in-plant-species
#6
Shixiang Yao, Lili Deng, Kaifang Zeng
Membrane-bound transcription factors (MTFs) are located in cellular membranes due to their transmembrane domains. In plants, proteolytic processing is considered to be the main mechanism for MTF activation, which ensures the liberation of MTFs from membranes and further their translocation into the nucleus to regulate gene expression; this process skips both the transcriptional and translational stages, and thus it guarantees the prompt responses of plants to various stimuli. Currently, information concerning plant MTFs is limited to model organisms, including Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa, and little is known in other plant species at the genome level...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158603/realization-of-ground-state-in-artificial-kagome-spin-ice-via-topological-defect-driven-magnetic-writing
#7
Jack C Gartside, Daan M Arroo, David M Burn, Victoria L Bemmer, Andy Moskalenko, Lesley F Cohen, Will R Branford
Arrays of non-interacting nanomagnets are widespread in data storage and processing. As current technologies approach fundamental limits on size and thermal stability, enhancing functionality through embracing the strong interactions present at high array densities becomes attractive. In this respect, artificial spin ices are geometrically frustrated magnetic metamaterials that offer vast untapped potential due to their unique microstate landscapes, with intriguing prospects in applications from reconfigurable logic to magnonic devices or hardware neural networks...
November 20, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158004/probing-the-interaction-of-copper-cofactor-and-azachalcone-substrate-with-g-quadruplex-of-dna-based-diels-alderase-by-site-specific-fluorescence-quenching-titration
#8
Mingpan Cheng, Jingya Hao, Yinghao Li, Yu Cheng, Guoqing Jia, Jun Zhou, Can Li
DNAzymes have been widely used in biosensors, asymmetric synthesis and pharmaceuticals. Typically, metal cofactor and substrate interact with DNA by supramolecular interactions in DNAzyme based asymmetric catalysis. However, binding positions of cofactor and substrate with DNA scaffold are not well understood, which is an obstacle to reveal the assembly and catalysis mechanisms of DNAzyme. Herein, we report a method of site-specific fluorescence quenching titration to elucidate the assembly and catalysis processes of a G-quadruplex based Diels-Alderase DNAzyme...
November 17, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157937/pure-word-deafness-following-left-temporal-damage-behavioral-and-neuroanatomical-evidence-from-a-new-case
#9
Chiara Maffei, Rita Capasso, Giulia Cazzolli, Cesare Colosimo, Flavio Dell'Acqua, Francesca Piludu, Marco Catani, Gabriele Miceli
Pure Word Deafness (PWD) is a rare disorder, characterized by selective loss of speech input processing. Its most common cause is temporal damage to the primary auditory cortex of both hemispheres, but it has been reported also following unilateral lesions. In unilateral cases, PWD has been attributed to the disconnection of Wernicke's area from both right and left primary auditory cortex. Here we report behavioral and neuroimaging evidence from a new case of left unilateral PWD with both cortical and white matter damage due to a relatively small stroke lesion in the left temporal gyrus...
October 23, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157072/robustness-versus-evolvability-analysis-for-regulatory-feed-forward-loops
#10
Debika Choudhury, Amit Agarwal, Supreet Saini
From the definition, it appears that phenotypic robustness and evolvability of an organism are inversely related to each other. However, a number of studies exploring this question have found conflicting evidences in this regard. This question motivated the current work where we explore the relationship between robustness and evolvability. As a model system, we pick the Feed Forward Loops (FFLs), and develop a framework to characterize their performance in terms of their ability to resist changes to steady state expression (robustness), and their ability to evolve towards novel phenotypes (evolvability)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156494/comparative-analysis-of-vestibular-ecomorphology-in-birds
#11
Roger B J Benson, Ethan Starmer-Jones, Roger A Close, Stig A Walsh
The bony labyrinth of vertebrates houses the semicircular canals. These sense rotational accelerations of the head and play an essential role in gaze stabilisation during locomotion. The sizes and shapes of the semicircular canals have hypothesised relationships to agility and locomotory modes in many groups, including birds, and a burgeoning palaeontological literature seeks to make ecological interpretations from the morphology of the labyrinth in extinct species. Rigorous tests of form-function relationships for the vestibular system are required to support these interpretations...
December 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155915/optimizing-soil-coring-strategies-to-quantify-root-length-density-distribution-in-field-grown-maize-virtual-coring-trials-using-3-d-root-architecture-models
#12
Qian Wu, Jie Wu, Bangyou Zheng, Yan Guo
Background and Aims: Root distribution has a major influence on soil exploration and nutrient and water acquisition by plants. Soil coring is a well-known way to estimate root distribution. However, identifying an optimal core-sampling strategy is important if one is to strike the right balance between the high cost of making field estimates of root length density (RLD) vs. the need for accurate estimates. Virtual assessment of competing soil-coring strategies, based on three-dimensional (3-D) models of root system architecture (RSA), is a highly effective way to find that balance...
November 16, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155414/quasiparticles-in-condensed-matter-systems
#13
Peter Woelfle
Quasiparticles are a powerful concept of condensed matter quantum theory. In this review the appearence and the properties of quasiparticles are presented in a unifying perspective. The principles behind the existence of quasiparticle excitations in both quantum disordered and ordered phases of fermionic and bosonic systems are discussed . The lifetime of quasiparticles is considered in particular near a continuous classical or quantum phase transition, when the nature of quasiparticles on both sides of a transition into an ordered state changes...
November 20, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155401/reconstructing-phylogenetic-tree-using-a-protein-protein-interaction-technique
#14
Shamita Malik, Dolly Sharma, Sunil Kumar Khatri
In this study, a novel substitution method for finding potential protein-protein interactions (PPIs) has been discussed. This newly designed method for analyzing PPI also aids in the comparison of evolutionary distances. The method deals with various data sets, and additionally performs measurable assessment to determine PPIs is introduced. PPIs are biologically relevant and aid in better conceptual framework of phylogenetic profiling. The newly designed framework gives vision to relate the topological properties of the system with evolutionary behavior of datasets...
December 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155279/scalar-timing-in-memory-a-temporal-map-in-the-hippocampus
#15
Sorinel A Oprisan, Tristan Aft, Mona Buhus, Catalin V Buhusi
Decision making, rate calculation, and planning are examples of daily tasks we perform. They require accurate timing and involve many cortical areas such as the prefrontal cortex, the striatum, and the hippocampus. Although the neurobiological origin and the mechanisms of interval timing are largely unknown, we developed increasingly accurate mathematical and computational models that can mimic some properties of time perception. The accepted paradigm of temporal durations storage is that the objective elapsed time from the short-term memory is transferred to the reference memory using a multiplicative "memory translation constant" K*...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154289/subjective-reality-and-brain-topology-inversion-transformations-on-non-orientable-atomic-surfaces-of-membrane-channels
#16
Gustav Bernroider
Subject-object relations reflect the relation of phenomenology and physics and are at the centre of interest in brain research and neuro-psychology. The unresolved dichotomy behind this relation is one of the most challenging questions of our time. Setting out from causal modelling I suggest a particular topology for subject-object relations and argue that we can find a physical realization in living organism that provides a continuous transform between both domains. In a geometrical metaphor this transform has the topological properties of a one-sided surface or non-orientable flat...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153838/unsupervised-trajectory-analysis-of-single-cell-rna-seq-and-imaging-data-reveals-alternative-tuft-cell-origins-in-the-gut
#17
Charles A Herring, Amrita Banerjee, Eliot T McKinley, Alan J Simmons, Jie Ping, Joseph T Roland, Jeffrey L Franklin, Qi Liu, Michael J Gerdes, Robert J Coffey, Ken S Lau
Modern single-cell technologies allow multiplexed sampling of cellular states within a tissue. However, computational tools that can infer developmental cell-state transitions reproducibly from such single-cell data are lacking. Here, we introduce p-Creode, an unsupervised algorithm that produces multi-branching graphs from single-cell data, compares graphs with differing topologies, and infers a statistically robust hierarchy of cell-state transitions that define developmental trajectories. We have applied p-Creode to mass cytometry, multiplex immunofluorescence, and single-cell RNA-seq data...
November 7, 2017: Cell Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152568/moir%C3%A3-excitons-from-programmable-quantum-emitter-arrays-to-spin-orbit-coupled-artificial-lattices
#18
Hongyi Yu, Gui-Bin Liu, Jianju Tang, Xiaodong Xu, Wang Yao
Highly uniform and ordered nanodot arrays are crucial for high-performance quantum optoelectronics, including new semiconductor lasers and single-photon emitters, and for synthesizing artificial lattices of interacting quasiparticles toward quantum information processing and simulation of many-body physics. Van der Waals heterostructures of two-dimensional semiconductors are naturally endowed with an ordered nanoscale landscape, that is, the moiré pattern that laterally modulates electronic and topographic structures...
November 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152225/leaders-in-collective-migration-are-front-cells-really-endowed-with-a-particular-set-of-skills
#19
REVIEW
Eric Theveneau, Claudia Linker
Collective cell migration is the coordinated movement emerging from the interaction of at least two cells. In multicellular organisms, collective cell migration is ubiquitous. During development, embryonic cells often travel in numbers, whereas in adults, epithelial cells close wounds collectively. There is often a division of labour and two categories of cells have been proposed: leaders and followers. These two terms imply that followers are subordinated to leaders whose proposed broad range of actions significantly biases the direction of the group of cells towards a specific target...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151618/heterofunctional-poly-ethylene-glycol-peg-macroinitiator-enabling-controlled-synthesis-of-abc-triblock-copolymers
#20
Lies A L Fliervoet, Marzieh Najafi, Mathew Hembury, Tina Vermonden
ABC triblock copolymers with a poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) midblock have attractive properties for biomedical applications because of PEG's favorable properties regarding biocompatibility and hydrophilicity. However, easy strategies to synthesize polymers containing a PEG midblock are limited. In this study, the successful synthesis of a heterofunctional PEG macroinitiator containing both an azoinitiator and an atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) initiator is demonstrated. This novel PEG macroinitiator allows the development of elegant synthesis routes for PEG midblock-containing ABC copolymers that does not require protection of initiating sites or polymer end-group postmodification...
November 14, 2017: Macromolecules
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