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Thomas Kratz, Thorsten Steinfeldt, Maik Exner, Marco Campo Dell Orto, Nina Timmesfeld, Caroline Kratz, Martin Skrodzki, Hinnerk Wulf, Martin Zoremba
OBJECTIVES: Focused transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is used perioperatively for surgical patients. Intraoperative application of TTE is feasible, but its benefits remain unclear. The intention of this study was to investigate the effect of intraoperative TTE on the management of high-risk noncardiac surgery patients. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study. SETTING: Single-center university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty consecutive hemodynamically unstable high-risk patients anesthetized for noncardiac surgery...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Julia Malmborg, Ann Bremander, M Charlotte Olsson, Stefan Bergman
Orthorexia nervosa is described as an exaggerated fixation on healthy food. It is unclear whether students in health-oriented academic programs, highly focused on physical exercise, are more prone to develop orthorexia nervosa than students in other educational areas. The aim was to compare health status, physical activity, and frequency of orthorexia nervosa between university students enrolled in an exercise science program (n = 118) or a business program (n = 89). The students completed the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and ORTO-15, which defines orthorexia nervosa as a sensitive and obsessive behavior towards healthy nutrition...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
Joanna Hyrnik, Małgorzata Janas-Kozik, Martyna Stochel, Ireneusz Jelonek, Andrzej Siwiec, Janusz K Rybakowski
OBJECTIVE: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) is considered an eating disorder (ED), with an excessive fixation on the consumption of healthy food and an obsession with its biological purity. Since the adolescent period poses a risk for EDs, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of ON in a population of Polish urban adolescents and some possible contributory factors. METHOD: 1899 high school students, 992 girls and 907 boys aged 15-21 years were studied. Demographic and clinical data were collected using a validated questionnaire including information on preferred living choices, in the context of pro- and antihealth activities...
September 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
A N Sumin, O V Shushunova, O G Arkhipov
AIM: The objective the present work was to study the changes of the types of adaptation in the patients presenting with arterial hypertension under the influence of the spa and health resort-based rehabilitative treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 50 patients with essential hypertension at the age from 54.0 to 62.0 (mean 58.0) years given a course of the spa and health resort-based rehabilitative treatment. All the patients underwent electrocardiographic and echocardiographic examination for the assessment of the systolic and diastolic left ventricular functions...
May 2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Marta A Barnes, Marie L Caltabiano
PURPOSE: We investigated whether perfectionism, body image, attachment style, and self-esteem are predictors of orthorexia nervosa. METHODS: A cohort of 220 participants completed a self-administered, online questionnaire consisting of five measures: ORTO-15, the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (MPS), the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scale (MBSRQ-AS), the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (RSQ), and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES)...
April 11, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Nevin Sanlier, Emine Yassibas, Saniye Bilici, Gulsah Sahin, Bülent Celik
Investigating eating disorders and orthorexia nervosa, especially in the young population, is an important step in taking protective precautions and identifying disease. This study was carried out to determine the relationship of eating disorders and orthorexia nervosa to gender, BMI, and field of study in a population of university students in Turkey. In all, 900 university students aged 17-23 years participated in this study. EAT-40 and ORTO-15, which are validated instruments for the screening of participants with anormal eating behaviors and orthorexia nervosa, respectively, were used...
May 2016: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Thomas M Dunn, Josh Gibbs, Noelle Whitney, Amy Starosta
PURPOSE: Orthorexia nervosa, or pathological dieting based on being "healthy," has been of growing interest. Clinical data are limited to less than a half-dozen case studies reporting instances of medical problems due to healthful eating. However, more than a dozen studies using a measure to identify orthorexia, the ORTO-15, report very high prevalence rates in non-clinical samples. Point prevalence rates are reported from 6 % to nearly 90 %. Such variability could be due to cultural issues or psychometric problems with the instrument...
February 22, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Matteo Savoini, Daria Orto, Giovanni Francesco Bosco, Emanuele Zavattero, Guglielmo Ramieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Marco Campo Dell' Orto, Christian Hamm, Christoph Liebetrau, Dorothea Hempel, Reinhold Merbs, Colleen Cuca, Raoul Breitkreutz
OBJECTIVES: ECG is an essential diagnostic tool in patients with acute coronary syndrome. We aimed to determine how many patients presenting with atypical symptoms for an acute myocardial infarction show ST-segment elevations on prehospital ECG. We also aimed to study the feasibility of telemetric-assisted prehospital ECG analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2010 and February 2011, consecutive emergency patients presenting with atypical symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, atypical chest pain, palpitations, hypertension, syncope, or dizziness were included in the study...
December 1, 2015: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Anna Brytek-Matera, Radosław Rogoza, Carla Gramaglia, Patrizia Zeppegno
BACKGROUND: The construct of orthorexia in eating disorders (EDs) has received very little attention despite clinical observations of a possible overlap between the two. The aim of this study was: 1) to assess orthorexic behaviours, eating disorder pathology and attitudinal body image in ED patients; 2) to identify possible predictors of orthorexia nervosa among ED patients. METHODS: Fifty-two women diagnosed with EDs were recruited. Patients' assessment included the following: the ORTO-15 test (Polish version) for orthorexic behaviours; the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT-26) to identify ED symptoms; the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (Polish version) to assess body image...
October 15, 2015: BMC Psychiatry
Jacqueline Pascale Sotong, Daria Orto, Emanuele Zavattero, Guglielmo Ramieri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Benjamin Missbach, Barbara Hinterbuchinger, Verena Dreiseitl, Silvia Zellhofer, Carina Kurz, Jürgen König
The characteristic trait of individuals developing a pathological obsession and preoccupation with healthy foods and a restrictive and avoidant eating behavior is described as orthorexia nervosa (ON). For ON, neither universal diagnosis criteria nor valid tools for large-scale epidemiologic assessment are available in the literature. The aim of the current study is to analyze the psychometric properties of a translated German version of the ORTO-15 questionnaire. The German version of the ORTO-15, a eating behavior and dieting habits questionnaire were completed by 1029 German-speaking participants (74...
2015: PloS One
T Rodríguez-Cabo, I Rodríguez, M Ramil, R Cela
Liquid chromatography (LC) combined with accurate mass spectrometry (MS), based on the use of a hybrid quadrupole time-of-flight (TOF) MS system, is employed to systematically investigate the photo-transformation routes of trans-resveratrol. Experiments were performed in quartz tubes, containing ethanolic solutions (12% v/v) of the precursor compound, exposed to different ultraviolet (UV) sources and to solar light. Time-courses of trans-resveratrol and transformation products (TPs) were investigated by direct injection of different reaction times aliquots in the LC-QTOF-MS system...
September 4, 2015: Journal of Chromatography. A
Martyna Stochel, Małgorzata Janas-Kozik, Jan Zejda, Joanna Hyrnik, Ireneusz Jelonek, Andrzej Siwiec
AIM: The aim of the study was the validation and adaptation of the ORTO-15 Questionnaire in the group of the Polish schoolgirls and schoolboys. METHODS: The study included 399 participants (15-21 years old), all of them high school students in the city of Sosnowiec. The ORTO-15 is a tool created in Italy by L.M. Donini, comprising of 15 items describing intensification of orthorexia risk (population diagnosis). The validation procedure incorporated three basic methods to be applied in the reliability analysis - the comparison of double tests with the same method, the statistical properties analysis of test items as well as analysis of the relation of test items with the general test result...
January 2015: Psychiatria Polska
Esma Asil, Metin Saip Sürücüoğlu
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of orthorexia nervosa in dietitians, as assessed by administering ORTO-15, Eating Attitudes Test-40 (EAT-40) and Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI). Our study included 117 dietitians (Ankara). Orto-15 test scores below 40 points was considered indicative of orthorexia, while higher scores indicated a normal eating behavior. It was found that participants with ORTO-15 scores less than 40 had higher scores for EAT-40 and MOCI (p < 0.05)...
2015: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
Cristina Segura-Garcia, Carla Ramacciotti, Marianna Rania, Matteo Aloi, Mariarita Caroleo, Antonella Bruni, Denise Gazzarrini, Flora Sinopoli, Pasquale De Fazio
BACKGROUND: The pursuit for healthy food consumption is considered a laudable habit. This attitude can turn into pathological when cognitions and worries about healthy nutrition lead to such an accurate food selection that correct diet becomes the most important part of one's own life leading to important dietary restrictions, stereotyped eating or impairment in important areas of functioning. This behaviour is coined orthorexia nervosa (ON) and can share common characteristics with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN)...
June 2015: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Luciana Borges Retamoso, Taís de Morais Alves da Cunha, Matheus Melo Pithon, Rogério Lacerda dos Santos, Fernanda Otaviano Martins, Maria Teresa Villela Romanos, Orlando Motohiro Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro cytotoxicity of acrylic resins of different colors over time. METHODS: Specimens were divided into 4 groups (n = 6) according to the color of the acrylic resin (Orto Class, Clássico, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil): Group 1, clear acrylic resin; Group 2, pink acrylic resin; Group 3, blue acrylic resin; and Group 4, green acrylic resin. All specimens were fabricated according to the mass manipulation technique and submitted to mechanical polishing protocol...
July 2014: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
T Kratz, M Campo Dell'Orto, M Exner, N Timmesfeld, M Zoremba, H Wulf, T Steinfeldt
BACKGROUND: Focused transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is frequently used perioperatively for hemodynamic monitoring and diagnosis of cardiovascular instability, but less commonly intraoperatively. METHODS: To evaluate the feasibility of intraoperative TTE, we enrolled 222 anesthetised patients from August to November 2012 into a prospective observational study. 162 patients underwent TTE examination according to the Focused Assessed Transthoracic Echocardiography (FATE) protocol after positioning and draping for surgery...
May 2015: Minerva Anestesiologica
Daniel Hj Davis, Sam T Creavin, Anna Noel-Storr, Terry J Quinn, Nadja Smailagic, Chris Hyde, Carol Brayne, Rupert McShane, Sarah Cullum
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To determine the cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy of [index test] at various thresholds for ADD and other dementias [target condition] in [target population].ORTo determine the accuracy of [index test] at various thresholds for diagnosing ADD and other dementias [target condition] in [target population] after a follow-up period (delayed-verification studies).To investigate the heterogeneity of test accuracy in the included studies...
March 28, 2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Dorothea Hempel, Tanja Stenger, Marco Campo Dell' Orto, David Stenger, Armin Seibel, Stefan Röhrig, Frank Heringer, Felix Walcher, Raoul Breitkreutz
BACKGROUND: Emergency ultrasound is gaining importance in medical education. Widespread teaching methods are frontal presentations and hands-on training. The primary goal of our study was to evaluate the impact of frontal presentations (PS) by analysis of retained knowledge rate (RKR) and learning load (LL). METHODS: Our study was conducted during four introductory courses in emergency ultrasound covering Extended Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (E-FAST) and Focused Echocardiography Evaluation in Life Support (FEEL)...
2014: Critical Ultrasound Journal
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