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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786680/-the-comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-bioclimatic-comfort-at-the-territories-of-the-russian-far-east-with-reference-to-winter-time-recreational-activities-and-primary-wellness-tourism
#1
N M Pestereva, A F Khechumyan, N Vorozbit
BACKGROUND: in the framework of the current tendency toward the further development of the socio-economic sphere in the Russian Far East (RFE), the relevant investigations aimed at creating the comfortable conditions for recreational and touristic activities as well as for rehabilitative therapy of the local population acquire the increasingly greater importance. AIM: The objective of the present study was the comprehensive evaluation of the bioclimatic comfort at the territories of interest with special reference to winter-time recreational activities and primary wellness tourism...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786678/-the-feasibility-of-the-early-application-of-the-means-for-the-physical-rehabilitation-with-a-view-to-improvement-of-life-quality-in-the-women-presenting-with-postmastectomy-syndrome
#2
T E Odinets, Y A Briskin
BACKGROUND: the problem of rehabilitation and improvement of the life quality of women with the postmastectomy syndrome holds an important place in the modern concept of the treatment of breast cancer. AIM: The objective of the present study was to determine the purposefulness of the early application of the available means and methods of physical rehabilitation for the improvement of the life quality in the women presenting with postmastectomy syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 135 women with the postmastectomy syndrome who had undergone radical mastectomy as described by Madden followed by postoperative radiotherapy...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786424/tuning-gene-activity-by-inducible-and-targeted-regulation-of-gene-expression-in-minimal-bacterial-cells
#3
Ana M Mariscal, Shigeyuki Kakizawa, Jonathan Y Hsu, Kazuki Tanaka, Luis González-González, Alicia Broto, Enrique Querol, Maria Lluch-Senar, Carlos Piñero-Lambea, Lijie Sun, Philip D Weyman, Kim S Wise, Chuck Merryman, Gavin Tse, Adam J Moore, Clyde A Hutchison, Hamilton O Smith, Masaru Tomita, J Craig Venter, John I Glass, Jaume Piñol, Yo Suzuki
Functional genomics studies in minimal mycoplasma cells enable unobstructed access to some of the most fundamental processes in biology. Conventional transposon bombardment and gene knockout approaches often fail to reveal functions of genes that are essential for viability, where lethality precludes phenotypic characterization. Conditional inactivation of genes is effective for characterizing functions central to cell growth and division, but tools are limited for this purpose in mycoplasmas. Here we demonstrate systems for inducible repression of gene expression based on clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-mediated interference (CRISPRi) in Mycoplasma pneumoniae and synthetic Mycoplasma mycoides, two organisms with reduced genomes actively used in systems biology studies...
May 22, 2018: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785882/the-relationship-between-repetitive-finger-movement-and-quality-of-life-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Elizabeth L Stegemöller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mack Shelley
BACKGROUND: Repetitive finger movement significantly impacts daily living activities, but there have been limited studies determining how repetitive finger movement impacts quality of life (QOL) in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between impairment in repetitive finger movement and QOL in persons with PD. METHODS: Eighty-four participants with PD completed a repetitive movement task and the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ)...
May 22, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785188/electroacupuncture-ameliorates-cognitive-deficit-and-improves-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity-in-adult-rat-with-neonatal-maternal-separation
#5
Lili Guo, Ximin Liang, Zhanmou Liang, Xilin Liu, Jiang He, Yuanjia Zheng, Lin Yao, Yongjun Chen
Exposure to adverse early-life events is thought to be the risk factors for the development of psychiatric and altered cognitive function in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether electroacupuncture (EA) treatment in young adult rat would improve impaired cognitive function and synaptic plasticity in adult rat with neonatal maternal separation (MS). Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group, MS group, MS with EA treatment (MS + EA) group, and MS with Sham-EA treatment (MS + Sham-EA) group...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784283/accounting-for-early-job-turnover-in-recent-pediatric-surgery-fellowship-graduates-an-american-pediatric-surgical-association-membership-and-credentials-committee-study
#6
Trevor D Crafts, Teresa M Bell, Andrew Srisuwananukorn, Harry Applebaum, Troy A Markel
PURPOSE: Employment opportunities for graduating pediatric surgeons vary from year to year. Significant turnover among new employees indicates fellowship graduates may be unsophisticated in choosing job opportunities which will ultimately be satisfactory for themselves and their families. The purpose of this study was to assess what career, life, and social factors contributed to the turnover rates among pediatric surgeons in their first employment position. METHODS: American Pediatric Surgical Association members who completed fellowship training between 2011 and 2016 were surveyed voluntarily...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784244/rehabilitation-of-the-laryngectomised-patient-recommendations-of-the-spanish-society-of-otolaryngology-and-head-and-neck-surgery
#7
Pedro Díaz de Cerio Canduela, Ismael Arán González, Rafael Barberá Durban, Alexander Sistiaga Suárez, Marc Tobed Secall, Pablo L Parente Arias
Total laryngectomy remains essential treatment for locally advanced laryngeal carcinoma, related to better survival rates. However, it involves changes for the patient, such as the inability to communicate verbally, breathing or aesthetic changes, which affect their quality of life and require comprehensive rehabilitation. This paper was written by the total laryngectomy rehabilitation workgroup of the National Head and Neck and Skull Base working committee of the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery...
May 18, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784228/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-mindful-attention-awareness-scale-among-arab-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Ahmad Rayan, Muayyad Ahmad
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties and the theoretical structure of the mindful attention awareness scale (MAAS) with parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Jordan. METHOD: A sample of 104 parents of children with ASD in Jordan completed the study. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to assess the factor structure of MAAS. Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. The convergent validity was assessed using Pearson's product-moment correlations between the MAAS and measures of psychological distress and Quality of life...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784224/the-mediating-effect-of-spiritual-well-being-on-depressive-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-elders
#9
Yi-Hui Lee, Ali Salman
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of spiritual well-being (SWB) on depressive symptoms (DS) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Taiwanese elders. A convenience sample of 150 Taiwanese elders completed self-administrated questionnaires participated in this cross-sectional study. This study revealed that SWB was positively related to HRQOL but negatively correlated with DS. Results of hieratical regression analyses suggested that SWB significantly mediated the relationship between DS and mental components of HRQOL...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784141/psychosocial-care-from-the-perspective-of-nurses-working-in-oncology-a-qualitative-study
#10
Perihan Güner, Duygu Hiçdurmaz, Nazmiye Kocaman Yıldırım, Figen İnci
PURPOSE: In cancer patients, unmet psychosocial needs are a common occurrence. The purpose of this study was to determine the views, obstacles, and needs of the nurses working with adult oncology patients with regards to psychosocial care. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive research design conducted through focus group interviews was adopted for the study. Thirty nurses providing care for cancer patients in adult oncology departments of three hospitals in Turkey with comprehensive oncology centers were involved in the interviews...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784005/cd8-t-cells-mediate-the-antitumor-activity-of-frankincense-and-myrrh-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
Chun Xu, Xian Lu, Wei Liu, Anxian Chen, Gang Meng, Hailin Zhang, Binghua Li, Yonghui Zhang, Junhua Wu, Jiwu Wei
BACKGROUND: Tumor-promoting inflammation is an emerging hallmark of cancer, which participates in both cancer progression and immune escape. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a typical inflammation-related cancer with an extremely poor prognosis. Frankincense and myrrh are anti-inflammation agents commonly used in clinic. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether extract of frankincense and myrrh (FM) downregulates inflammatory microenvironment of HCC and thereby restores antitumor immune responses...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783254/-legal-bases-of-vaccination-in-ukraine
#12
Olena O Terzi
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Despite the extraordinary progress made in the field of vaccination, a large number of children in the last decade, 24 million children, or nearly 20% of children born every year, do not receive a full plan for vaccination during their first year of life. The aim: The purpose of the article is to analyze the legal framework of vaccination in Ukraine, comparing the approach of the domestic legislator to the vaccination with foreign experience. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Methods of research are selected based on the goal of the study...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783214/-the-formation-of-safe-behavior-among-young-people-in-the-family-conditions
#13
Svitlana O Bondar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is dedicated to studying the readiness and ability of parents to form safe behavior of their own children with the aim to avoid school traumatism with respect to the complexity and systematic necessary for principles of prophylaxis. The author pays attention to this very aspect of the problem as for nowadays the works of studying the role of the family, the readiness of parents to form the culture of their own children's health are practically absent...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782477/sociodemographic-factors-affecting-the-disease-acceptance-and-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-preliminary-study
#14
Joanna Rosińczuk, Aleksandra Pytel, Aleksandra Kołtuniuk
PURPOSE: Parkinson's disease (PD) significantly affects functioning of patients, thereby lowering their quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of sociodemographic variables on illness acceptance and quality of life in patients with idiopathic PD. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional research study. METHODS: The study was conducted with 50 patients with PD. The diagnostic survey method was applied for the purposes of this study with the use of the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire, the Acceptance of Illness Scale, and a study-specific demographic questionnaire that included questions about sociodemographic data...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782209/practical-assessment-and-management-of-vulnerabilities-in-older-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-asco-guideline-for-geriatric-oncology
#15
Supriya G Mohile, William Dale, Mark R Somerfield, Mara A Schonberg, Cynthia M Boyd, Peggy S Burhenn, Beverly Canin, Harvey Jay Cohen, Holly M Holmes, Judith O Hopkins, Michelle C Janelsins, Alok A Khorana, Heidi D Klepin, Stuart M Lichtman, Karen M Mustian, William P Tew, Arti Hurria
Purpose To provide guidance regarding the practical assessment and management of vulnerabilities in older patients undergoing chemotherapy. Methods An Expert Panel was convened to develop clinical practice guideline recommendations based on a systematic review of the medical literature. Results A total of 68 studies met eligibility criteria and form the evidentiary basis for the recommendations. Recommendations In patients ≥ 65 years receiving chemotherapy, geriatric assessment (GA) should be used to identify vulnerabilities that are not routinely captured in oncology assessments...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781769/the-laparoscopic-management-of-median-arcuate-ligament-syndrome-and-its-long-term-outcomes
#16
Henry D De'Ath, Simon Wong, Karoly Szentpali, Shaw Somers, Tom Peck, Christian H Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Case reports and small series of the surgical and radiological management of median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) have been described, however, long-term outcome data are lacking. The purpose of this study was to review our experience of the laparoscopic management of MALS, and describe the long-term outcomes after surgical intervention. METHODS: Data were collected between 2005 and 2016 in a single U.K. institution. All patients with MALS who underwent laparoscopic decompression of the celiac artery were included...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#17
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781708/risk-and-protective-factors-for-wellbeing-in-older-veterans-in-new-zealand
#18
Polly Yeung, Joanne Allen, Hazel K Godfrey, Fiona Alpass, Christine Stephens
OBJECTIVES: To compare indicators relating to aging and health among veterans and non-veterans, and identify factors associated with subjective wellbeing (SWB) of older New Zealand veterans. METHODS: Self-reported data were obtained from participants in a longitudinal cohort study of New Zealand older adults. Responses from 352 veterans and 1500 non-veterans (age range of 55-86 and gender matched) were selected as a comparison group on indicators related to health and aging...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781650/randomized-controlled-trial-of-secondstory-an-intervention-targeting-posttraumatic-growth-with-bereaved-adults
#19
Ann Marie Roepke, Eli Tsukayama, Marie Forgeard, Laura Blackie, Eranda Jayawickreme
OBJECTIVE: People often report positive psychological changes after adversity, a phenomenon known as posttraumatic growth (PTG). Few PTG-focused interventions have been rigorously tested, and measurement strategies have had significant limitations. This study evaluated the effects of a new group-format psychosocial intervention, SecondStory, aimed at facilitating PTG by helping participants make meaning of the past and plan a purposeful future. METHOD: In a randomized controlled trial, adults (N = 112, 64% women) bereaved within 5 years were randomly assigned to SecondStory or an active control, expressive writing...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780856/the-role-of-meaning-in-life-for-the-quality-of-life-of-community-dwelling-chinese-elders-with-low-socioeconomic-status
#20
Raymond Chi-Fai Chui
Objectives: There is limited research on the meaning in life among Chinese elders. This study aims to examine the association among functional disabilities, meaning in life, social network, and quality of life in community-dwelling Chinese elders with low socioeconomic status. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was used to collect data from 339 poor community-dwelling Chinese elders aged 60 and above. Results: The results showed that meaning in life and social network were significantly related to quality of life...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
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