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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431439/-quality-of-and-attendance-at-healthy-child-clinics-in%C3%A2-germany
#1
Alexandra Weithase, Mandy Vogel, Henriette Kiep, Sarah Schwarz, Laura Meißner, Janine Herrmann, Kristin Rieger, Christiane Koch, Volker Schuster, Wieland Kiess
Background For several years the German healthy child clinics program has been a highly appreciated preventive measure and is subject to constant development. However, attendance depends on the families' sociodemographic situation. Findings are documented in a medical checkup booklet (the so-called Gelbes Heft). Currently, there is no procedure to use the data collected for epidemiological purposes nor to evaluate the pediatric prevention measures in Germany. Methods Between 2011 and 2016, we recruited 3480 study participants for our population-based cohort study LIFE Child in Leipzig...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430181/supervised-learning-and-dimension-reduction-techniques-for-quantification-of-retinal-fluid-in-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#2
A Breger, M Ehler, H Bogunovic, S M Waldstein, A-M Philip, U Schmidt-Erfurth, B S Gerendas
PurposeThe purpose of the present study is to develop fast automated quantification of retinal fluid in optical coherence tomography (OCT) image sets.MethodsWe developed an image analysis pipeline tailored towards OCT images that consists of five steps for binary retinal fluid segmentation. The method is based on feature extraction, pre-segmention, dimension reduction procedures, and supervised learning tools.ResultsFluid identification using our pipeline was tested on two separate patient groups: one associated to neovascular age-related macular degeneration, the other showing diabetic macular edema...
April 21, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429650/development-of-real-time-pcr-tests-for-the-detection-of-tenebrio-molitor-in-food-and-feed
#3
Frédéric Debode, Aline Marien, Amaury Gerard, Frédéric Francis, Olivier Fumiere, Gilbert Berben
Insects are rich in proteins and could be an alternative source of proteins to feed animals and humans. Numerous companies have started the production of insects for feed purposes. In Europe, these processed animal proteins are not yet authorized by legislation, as many questions still need to be answered concerning this "novel food". Authorizations will be possible when methods of authentication of the products are available. In this study we propose real-time PCR methods for the specific detection of the mealworm (Tenebrio molitor), one of the most widely used insects for food and feed production...
April 21, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429313/gradually-shrinking-intra-abdominal-desmoid-tumor-derived-from-the-stomach-in-a-young-boy-a-case-report
#4
Kazushi Miyata, Masahide Fukaya, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal desmoid tumors, particularly those derived from the stomach, are rare. Such tumors are associated with a history of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), trauma, or surgical procedures in general. In addition, spontaneous shrinking of an intra-abdominal desmoid tumor is rarer. And desmoid tumors most commonly arise during the fourth decade of life. CASE PRESENTATION: A 17-year-old boy with lower abdominal pain was diagnosed with a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) or a hematoma at a local hospital...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429198/managing-the-perioperative-patient-on-direct-oral-anticoagulants
#5
Jordan Leitch, Janet van Vlymen
PURPOSE: Patients are increasingly treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for the prevention of stroke due to non-valvular atrial fibrillation and for the treatment of venous thromboembolism. When these patients present for urgent or emergent surgical procedures, they present a challenge to the anesthesiologist who must manage perioperative risk due to anticoagulation. The purpose of this module is to review the literature surrounding the perioperative management of DOACs. Timing, laboratory monitoring, and availability of reversal agents are important considerations to optimize patients being treated with DOACs who require emergent surgery...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428505/-neurolysis-and-spinal-analgesia-in-cancer-pain-management
#6
Seiji Hattori, Junko Tachibana
Cancer pain appears as a complex pain and often progressive.WhenWHO pain management strategy and/or palliative care failed to relieve their pain, patients are given high dose opioids or anonymous adjuvant drugs and have no chance to meet specialized pain treatment. This section briefly covers the outline of neurolysis and spinal analgesia for these cancer patients with severe pain. Purpose of nerve block and neurolysis are to block the incoming signal of pain in order to reduce pain, reduce analgesic dose, recover ADL, and finally to be discharged from the hospital...
April 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427376/gender-differences-in-walking-for-leisure-transport-and-in-total-across-adult-life-a-systematic-review
#7
Tessa M Pollard, Janelle M Wagnild
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to examine gender differences in walking for leisure, transport and in total in adults living in high-income countries, and to assess whether gender differences in walking practices change across the life-course. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted of publications dated 1995 to 2015. Papers providing quantitative data on participation in walking of both men and women aged at least 18 years in a high-income country were screened for the quality of the data on gender differences in walking...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427286/incomes-and-outcomes-social-security-disability-benefits-in-first-episode-psychosis
#8
Robert A Rosenheck, Sue E Estroff, Kyaw Sint, Haiqun Lin, Kim T Mueser, Delbert G Robinson, Nina R Schooler, Patricia Marcy, John M Kane
OBJECTIVE: Social Security Administration (SSA) disability benefits are an important source of income for people with psychoses and confer eligibility for health insurance. The authors examined the impact of coordinated specialty care on receipt of such benefits in first-episode psychosis, along with the correlates and consequences of receiving them. METHOD: The Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode-Early Treatment Program (RAISE-ETP) study, a 34-site cluster-randomized trial, compared NAVIGATE, a coordinated specialty care program, to usual community care over 2 years...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425825/reviewing-treatments-and-outcomes-in-the-evolving-landscape-of-ulcerative-colitis
#9
Marla C Dubinsky
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease extending proximally from the rectum to varying lengths of the colon that is characterized by alternating cycles of relapse and remission. Therapeutic goals for patients with active UC include induction and maintenance of remission and improvement in quality of life, as well as mucosal healing, a clinical outcome recently recognized in treatment guidance as being equally important. Mucosal healing is associated with favorable long-term patient outcomes related to remission, surgery, hospitalization, and quality of life...
April 20, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425759/speech-pathology-as-the-masterchef-getting-the-right-ingredients-and-stirring-the-pot
#10
Pam Enderby
The purpose of this paper is to consider the many influences that have an impact on appropriate speech-language pathology service delivery. The competitive cooking and entertainment television program, MasterChef, is used as an analogy to consider the ingredients, blend and approach required to improve speech-language pathology services. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) enter the profession with the aim of assisting those with communication and swallowing disorders to have a better quality of life. Thus, we should be restless to continue to improve our services in order to achieve the best influence and outcomes by changing our recipes and ingredients...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425318/exploring-families-experiences-of-health-contributions-to-a-model-of-family-health
#11
Sarah L Smith, Beth DeGrace, Carrie Ciro, Ami Bax, Andrea Hambrick, Jennifer James, Alexandra Evans
Child health and developmental outcomes are influenced by the health of the family and the context created. Research suggests symptoms of poor family health (e.g. suboptimal family interactions, parenting stress) yet there is limited understanding of the factors which contribute to robust family health which may unveil opportunities for targeted intervention and family health promotion. The present study examined families' experiences of family health and factors contributing to family health. We performed a qualitative study using constructivist grounded theory methods to guide our understanding of family health for families with typically developing children aged 5-18...
April 20, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425315/caring-in-nursing-homes-to-promote-autonomy-and-participation
#12
Maria Hedman, Elisabeth Häggström, Anna-Greta Mamhidir, Ulrika Pöder
BACKGROUND: Autonomy and participation are threatened within the group of older people living in nursing homes. Evidence suggests that healthcare personnel act on behalf of older people but are still excluding them from decision-making in everyday care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to describe registered nurses' experience of caring for older people in nursing homes to promote autonomy and participation. RESEARCH DESIGN: A descriptive design with a phenomenological approach was used...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424924/effects-of-gw002-a-novel-recombinant-human-glucagon-like-peptide-1-glp-1-analog-fusion-protein-on-cho-recombinant-cells-and-bks-db-mice
#13
Wan-Wan Ji, Dong-An Yu, Min Fan, Meng You, You Lu, Er-Bing Li, Ning Xie, Shou-Sheng Yan
AIMS: GLP-1-based strategies have many advantages in treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but native GLP-1 has a short half-life in the circulation, which limits its clinical application. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of GW002, a novel recombinant GLP-1 analog fusion protein produced by linking the human GLP-1 analog C-terminus to the N-terminus of human serum albumin via a linker, in vitro and in BKS-db mice. METHODS: To determine whether GW002 can activate the GLP-1 receptor in cells, the level of luciferase expression was evaluated in vitro...
April 19, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423478/a-qualitative-study-of-community-nurses-decision-making-around-the-anticipatory-prescribing-of-end-of-life-medications
#14
Ben Bowers, Sarah Redsell
AIMS: To explore community nurses' decision-making processes around the prescribing of anticipatory medications for people who are dying. BACKGROUND: Community nurses frequently initiate the prescribing of anticipatory medications to help control symptoms in those who are dying. However, little is known about their decision-making processes in relation to when they instigate anticipatory prescribing and their discussions with families and General Practitioners. DESIGN: A qualitative interpretive descriptive enquiry...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422708/a-brief-essay-on-non-pharmacological-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Alberto Raggi, Domenica Tasca, Raffaele Ferri
Current pharmacological therapies for Alzheimer's disease (AD) do not modify its course and are not always beneficial. Therefore, the optimization of quality of life represents the best possible outcome achievable in all stages of the disease. Cognitive and behavioural rehabilitation represents the main therapeutic approach for this purpose, also in order to mitigate indirectly the burden of distress of family caregivers. The aim of this mini-review is to go through this theme by discussing cognitive activation, virtual reality and neuromodulation techniques...
April 19, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422547/active-travel-behavior-in-a-border-region-of-texas-and-new-mexico-motivators-deterrents-and-characteristics
#16
Ipek N Sener, Richard J Lee
BACKGROUND: Active travel has been linked with improved transportation and health outcomes, such as reduced traffic congestion and air pollution, improved mobility, accessibility and equity, and increased physical and mental health. The purpose of this study was to better understand active travel characteristics, motivators, and deterrents in the El Paso, Texas, region. METHODS: A multimodal transportation survey brought together elements of transportation and health, with a focus on attitudinal characteristics...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422434/rat-hindlimb-cryopreservation-and-transplantation-a-step-towards-organ-banking
#17
Amir Arav, Or Friedman, Yehudit Natan, Eyal Gur, Nir Shani
In 2016 over 5 million reconstructive procedures were performed in the USA. The recent successes of clinical vascularized composite allotransplantations (VCA), hand and face transplantations included, established the tremendous potential of these life-enhancing reconstructions. Nevertheless, Due to limited availability and lifelong immunosuppression, application is limited. Long term banking of composite transplants may increase the availability of esthetically compatible parts with partial or complete HLA matching, reducing the risk of rejection and the immunosuppressive burden...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421857/risk-of-solid-cancer-in-low-dose-rate-radiation-epidemiological-studies-and-the-dose-rate-effectiveness-factor
#18
Roy Shore, Linda Walsh, Tamara Azizova, Werner Rühm
PURPOSE: Estimated radiation risks used for radiation protection purposes have been based primarily on the Life Span Study (LSS) of atomic bomb survivors who received brief exposures at high dose rates, many with high doses. Information is needed regarding radiation risks from low dose-rate (LDR) exposures to low linear-energy-transfer (low-LET) radiation. We conducted a meta-analysis of LDR epidemiologic studies that provide dose-response estimates of total solid cancer risk in adulthood in comparison to corresponding LSS risks, in order to estimate a dose rate effectiveness factor (DREF)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420788/reconstructing-the-spectrotemporal-modulations-of-real-life-sounds-from-fmri-response-patterns
#19
Roberta Santoro, Michelle Moerel, Federico De Martino, Giancarlo Valente, Kamil Ugurbil, Essa Yacoub, Elia Formisano
Ethological views of brain functioning suggest that sound representations and computations in the auditory neural system are optimized finely to process and discriminate behaviorally relevant acoustic features and sounds (e.g., spectrotemporal modulations in the songs of zebra finches). Here, we show that modeling of neural sound representations in terms of frequency-specific spectrotemporal modulations enables accurate and specific reconstruction of real-life sounds from high-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) response patterns in the human auditory cortex...
April 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420562/progression-of-untreated-mild-thoracic-scheuermann-s-kyphosis%C3%A2-%C3%A2-radiographic-and-functional-assessment-after-mean-follow-up-of-46%C3%A2-years
#20
Leena Ristolainen, Jyrki A Kettunen, Urho M Kujala, Ari Heinonen, Dietrich Schlenzka
BACKGROUND: There is no data available on the radiographic development of the Scheuermann's deformity. Our purpose was to investigate radiographic deformity progression and the relation between kyphosis progression and clinical outcome in patients with untreated Scheuermann's kyphosis. METHODS: Thoracic kyphosis (Th4-Th12) was measured from standing lateral radiographs in 19 patients at baseline and after mean 46-year follow-up. Mean age at baseline was 19.2 and at follow-up 64...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
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