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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528425/neet-adolescents-grown-up-eight-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-education-employment-and-mental-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-mexico-city
#1
Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Corina Benjet, Guilherme Borges, Enrique Méndez Ríos, María Elena Medina-Mora
The purpose is to examine the socio-demographic and mental health outcomes in early adulthood of those who as adolescents were not in education, employment or training, termed NEET, compared to their counterparts who studied, worked, or both. One thousand and seventy-one youth residing in Mexico City participated in a representative, prospective, longitudinal 8-year two-Wave cohort study. At Wave I the participants were aged 12-17 and at Wave II aged 19 and 26. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview assessed psychiatric disorders, substance use and abuse, suicidal behavior, interpersonal relationships, employment and education...
May 20, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528421/end-of-life-care-for-glioblastoma-patients-at-a-large-academic-cancer-center
#2
Kamini E Kuchinad, Roy Strowd, Anne Evans, W Anthony Riley, Thomas J Smith
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a universally fatal disease, complicated by significant cognitive and physical disabilities, inherent to the disease course. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze end-of-life care for GBM patients at an academic center and compare utilization of these services to national quality of care guidelines, with the goal of identifying opportunities to improve end-of-life care. Single center retrospective cohort study of GBM patients at Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) between 2009 and 2014, using electronic medical records and hospice records...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527678/patient-reported-quality-of-life-after-endovascular-repair-of-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#3
Andrew J Meltzer, Peter H Connolly, Sharif Ellozy, Darren B Schneider
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess patient-reported physical and emotional well-being during follow-up after endovascular repair of TAAA. METHODS: All patients were treated in the context of a physician-sponsored investigational device exemption clinical study for patients at high risk for open TAAA repair. The SF-36 instrument was administered preoperatively, and at 1, 6, and 12 months. Results were analyzed using paired t-tests, with sub-group comparisons to assess impact of adverse events and technical results on quality of life...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527233/effect-of-expiratory-muscle-strength-training-intervention-on-the-maximum-expiratory-pressure-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#4
Yu-Chi Kuo, Jomei Chan, Yu-Ping Wu, Jeffrey R Bernard, Yi-Hung Liao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 4-weeks expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) on the maximum expiratory pressure (PEmax) and quality of life (QoL) in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: Thirteen outpatients diagnosed with PD participated in this study, and were assigned into either a 5DE training group (5DE group; n = 4; 75% PEmax for 5-d/wk), 3DE training group (3DE group; n = 5; 75% PEmax for 3-d/wk) and control group (3DC group; n = 4; 0% PEmax for 3-d/wk) by matching their Hoehn and Yahr scale, genders, and age...
May 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527103/quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Laura M Mazer, Dan E Azagury, John M Morton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an introduction to quality of life (QOL) outcomes after bariatric surgery and a summary of the current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: QOL has been emphasized in bariatric surgery since the NIH Consensus Conference statement in 1991. Initial studies were limited to 1- and 2-year follow-up. More recent findings have expanded the follow-up period up to 12 years, providing a better description of the impact on long-term QOL...
May 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526663/effects-of-using-child-personas-in-the-development-of-a-digital-peer-support-service-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#6
Pontus Wärnestål, Petra Svedberg, Susanne Lindberg, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Peer support services have the potential to support children who survive cancer by handling the physical, mental, and social challenges associated with survival and return to everyday life. Involving the children themselves in the design process allows for adapting services to authentic user behaviors and goals. As there are several challenges that put critical requirements on a user-centered design process, we developed a design method based on personas adapted to the particular needs of children that promotes health and handles a sensitive design context...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526654/clinical-and-angiographic-characteristics-of-35-patients-with-cryptogenic-hemoptysis
#7
Takahiro Ando, Masahiro Kawashima, Kimihiko Masuda, Keita Takeda, Kenichi Okuda, Junko Suzuki, Nobuharu Ohshima, Hirotoshi Matsui, Atsuhisa Tamura, Hideaki Nagai, Shinobu Akagawa, Ken Ohta
BACKGROUND: Hemoptysis can cause a life threatening condition and often need to be treated urgently. Nearly 20% of hemoptysis cases were diagnosed as cryptogenic after clinical investigation. The purpose of this study was to clarify clinical and angiographic characteristics of cryptogenic hemoptysis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 35 patients admitted to our hospital with cryptogenic hemoptysis from October 2010 to September 2014. RESULTS: In the 35 cases, bronchial artery embolization was successfully performed in 33 patients (94...
May 16, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526399/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-chronic-antidepressant-drug-treatments-in-the-hippocampal-mitochondria-a-proteomic-study-in-an-animal-model-of-depression
#8
Katarzyna Głombik, Aneta Stachowicz, Ewa Trojan, Rafał Olszanecki, Joanna Ślusarczyk, Maciej Suski, Katarzyna Chamera, Bogusława Budziszewska, Władysław Lasoń, Agnieszka Basta-Kaim
Several lines of evidence indicate that adverse experience in early life may be a triggering factor for disturbances in the brain mitochondrial proteins and lead to the development of depression in adulthood. On the other hand, little is known about the impact of chronic administration of various antidepressant drugs on the brain mitochondria, as a target for the pharmacotherapy of depression. The purpose of our study was to compare the impact of chronic treatment with two antidepressant drugs with different mechanisms of action, a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA), imipramine, and an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class, fluoxetine, on the mitochondria-enriched subproteome profile in the hippocampus of 3-month-old male rats following a prenatal stress procedure (an animal model of depression)...
May 16, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526360/the-flashe-study-survey-development-dyadic-perspectives-and-participant-characteristics
#9
Linda C Nebeling, Erin Hennessy, April Y Oh, Laura A Dwyer, Heather Patrick, Heidi M Blanck, Frank M Perna, Rebecca A Ferrer, Amy L Yaroch
The National Cancer Institute developed the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study to examine multiple cancer preventive behaviors within parent-adolescent dyads. The purpose of creating FLASHE was to enable the examination of physical activity, diet, and other cancer preventive behaviors and potential correlates among parent-adolescent dyads. FLASHE surveys were developed from a process involving literature reviews, scientific input from experts in the field, cognitive testing, and usability testing...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525507/subcellular-energetics-and-metabolism-a-cross-species-framework
#10
Robert H Thiele
Although it is generally believed that oxidative phosphorylation and adequate oxygenation are essential for life, human development occurs in a profoundly hypoxic environment and "normal" levels of oxygen during embryogenesis are even harmful. The ability of embryos not only to survive but also to thrive in such an environment is made possible by adaptations related to metabolic pathways. Similarly, cancerous cells are able not only to survive but also to grow and spread in environments that would typically be fatal for healthy adult cells...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#11
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524906/chronic-and-refractory-pain-a-systematic-review-of-pharmacologic-management-in-oncology%C3%A2
#12
Jeannine M Brant, Lisa Keller, Karen McLeod, Chao Yeh, Linda H Eaton
BACKGROUND: Chronic and refractory cancer pain are significant issues and can increase patient suffering and compromise quality of life. A variety of evidence-based pharmacologic strategies can be used routinely to control cancer pain. 
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the pharmacologic evidence in the management of chronic and refractory cancer pain. 
. METHODS: The Oncology Nursing Society's Putting Evidence Into Practice pain team conducted a search of 184 systematic reviews, meta-analyses, research studies, and guidelines and classified the evidence into weight-of-evidence categories...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524892/palliative-radiation-therapy-knowledge-and-referrals-among-primary-care-providers
#13
Sydney Schone
Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Many individuals have significant symptoms related to this disease. Palliative radiation therapy (PRT) can relieve symptoms at the end of life for those with metastatic cancer. PRT is underused in treating patients with symptomatic cancer at the end of life, particularly in rural and remote settings, despite the evidence that supports it. The purpose of this evidence-based practice study is to (a) assess the knowledge of rural primary care providers about PRT, (b) disseminate evidence on the indications for PRT, and...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523254/effect-of-feelings-of-guilt-and-shame-on-life-quality-of-women-in-menopause
#14
Pelin Zivdir, Rabia Sohbet
OBJECTIVES: Current study was conducted between September 2014 and January 2015 in Gaziantep proviency Şehitkamil town Şirinevler district. Purpose of the study is to measure changes experienced, point of view on menopause, and life style of women who are older than 40, living in said district, and within post-menopause and how these factors effected their feelings of guilt and shame. METHODS: Out of universe consisting of 800 women, 500 participants have joined the study...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521956/comparative-life-cycle-assessment-of-alternative-strategies-for-energy-recovery-from-used-cooking-oil
#15
Lidia Lombardi, Barbara Mendecka, Ennio Carnevale
The separate collection of Used Cooking Oil (UCO) is gaining popularity through several countries in Europe. An appropriate management of UCO waste stream leads to substantial benefits. In this study, we analyse two different possibilities of UCO energy reuse: the direct feed to a reciprocating internal combustion engine (ICE) for cogeneration purpose, and the processing to generate biodiesel. Concerning biodiesel production, we analyse four among conventional and innovative technologies, characterised by different type and amount of used chemicals, heat and electricity consumptions and yields...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521912/stressing-out-in-medieval-denmark-an-investigation-of-dental-enamel-defects-and-age-at-death-in-two-medieval-danish-cemeteries
#16
Julia A Gamble, Jesper L Boldsen, Robert D Hoppa
The influence of early life stress on later life experiences has become a major focus of research in medicine and more recently in bioarchaeology. Dental enamel, which preserves a record of childhood stress events, represents an important resource for this investigation when paired with the information from adult skeletal remains, such as age at death. The purpose of this research was to use a life history approach to the exploration of sex differences in the relationship between childhood stress and adult longevity by examining accentuated striae of Retzius (AS)...
June 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521799/what-are-the-differences-among-occupational-groups-related-to-their-palliative-care-specific-educational-needs-and-intensity-of-interprofessional-collaboration-in-long-term-care-homes
#17
S Kaasalainen, T Sussman, M Bui, N Akhtar-Danesh, R D Laporte, L McCleary, A Wickson Griffiths, K Brazil, D Parker, V Dal Bello-Haas, A Papaioannou, J O'Leary
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the differences across occupational groups related to their end-of-life care-specific educational needs and reported intensity of interprofessional collaboration in long-term care (LTC) homes. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, based on two questionnaires, was administered at four LTC homes in Ontario, Canada using a modified Dilman's approach. The first questionnaire, End of Life Professional Caregiver Survey, included three domains: patients and family-centered communication, cultural and ethical values, effective care delivery...
May 18, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521691/prospect-of-combination-and-sequential-therapies-for-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#18
Hao Liu, Binbin Li
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease, which is associated with the osteoporotic fracture. Along with prolonged life expectancy, the fracture risk increases dramatically with age. So far, it is usually the first choice to using antiresorptive agents. However, current clinical therapeutic treatments are not enough to inhibit the long-term bone loss and the rising risk of bone fractures. Recently, sequential and combination therapies with anti-osteoporosis drugs have become an inevitable trend...
May 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520727/predictors-of-decision-ambivalence-and-the-differences-between-actual-living-liver-donors-and-potential-living-liver-donors
#19
Li-Chueh Weng, Hsiu-Li Huang, Hsiu-Hsin Tsai, Wei-Chen Lee
BACKGROUND: The decision to become a living liver donor is a stressful event. Ambivalence in decision making may result in psychological distress. Thus, the purpose of this study was to provide a description of the ambivalence of potential living liver donors, to examine the predictors of ambivalence, and to compare the ambivalence of potential living liver donors with that of actual living liver donors. METHODS: This descriptive and correlational study was conducted in a medical center from August 2013 to December 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518097/light-sheet-based-fluorescence-microscopy-of-living-or-fixed-and-stained-tribolium-castaneum-embryos
#20
Frederic Strobl, Selina Klees, Ernst H K Stelzer
The red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum has become an important insect model organism in developmental genetics and evolutionary developmental biology. The observation of Tribolium embryos with light sheet-based fluorescence microscopy has multiple advantages over conventional widefield and confocal fluorescence microscopy. Due to the unique properties of a light sheet-based microscope, three dimensional images of living specimens can be recorded with high signal-to-noise ratios and significantly reduced photo-bleaching as well as photo-toxicity along multiple directions over periods that last several days...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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