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Corneal Hysteresis

Mehtap Caglayan, Ozge Sarac, Pinar Kosekahya, Sukran Erten, Berna Ayan, Nurullah Cagil
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the corneal biomechanical parameters in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to compare them with the healthy subjects. METHODS: Sixty patients with AS (study group) and 60 healthy subjects (control group) were enrolled in this prospective study. The study group was further classified as active (n:30) and inactive (n:30). After detailed ophthalmological examination including intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement with Goldmann applanation tonometer (IOPGAT), corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), corneal-compensated IOP (IOPcc), and Goldmann-correlated IOP (IOPg) were measured with the Reichert Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA)...
October 5, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Atilla Suleyman Dikici, Ismail Mihmanli, Fahrettin Kilic, Ahmet Ozkok, Gokhan Kuyumcu, Pinar Sultan, Cesur Samanci, Mehmet Halit Yilmaz, Babak Rafiee, Nevbahar Tamcelik, Zehra Isik Hasiloglu, Fatih Kantarci
BACKGROUND: Primary open-angle glaucoma is a multifactorial serious disease characterized by progressive retinal ganglion cell death and loss of visual field. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to investigate shear wave elastography (SWE) use in the evaluation of the optic nerve (ON) and peripapillary structures, and to compare the findings between glaucomatous and control eyes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case-controlled study, including 21 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma and 21 age-matched control subjects, was carried out...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Fateme Alipour, Mojgan Letafatnejad, Amir Hooshang Beheshtnejad, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Seyed Reza Ghaffary, Narges Hassanpoor, Mehdi Yaseri
Purpose. To evaluate the difference in biomechanical properties between contact lens induced corneal warpage and normal and keratoconic eyes. Method. Prospective observational case control study, where 94 eyes of 47 warpage suspicious and 46 eyes of 23 keratoconic patients were included. Warpage suspected cases were followed until a definite diagnosis was made (warpage, normal, or keratoconus). Results. 44 eyes of 22 patients had contact lens related corneal warpage. 46 eyes of 23 people were diagnosed as nonwarpage normal eyes...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Francisco Pérez Bartolomé, Jose María Martínez de la Casa, Irene Camacho Bosca, Federico Sáenz-Francés, Soledad Aguilar Munoa, Alberto Martín Juan, Julian Garcia-Feijoo
PURPOSE: To examine interrelations between corneal biomechanics, ocular biometric variables and optic disc size (ODS), lamina cribosa depth (LCD) or thickness (LCT) in a healthy population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional case-control study, the following measurements were made in 81 eyes of 81 participants: axial length, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness, and central corneal thickness using the optical biometer Lenstar LS900; and corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), Goldman-correlated intraocular pressure (IOPg), and corneal-compensated IOP (IOPcc) using the Ocular Response Analyzer...
September 14, 2016: Seminars in Ophthalmology
S E Avetisov, V R Mamikonyan, O A Shmeleva-Demir, A A Karamyan, I A Bubnova, E E Kazaryan, N S Galoyan, A T Karapetyan
AIM: to study changes in intraocular pressure (IOP), volumetric ocular blood flow (OBF) rate, and biomechanical properties of the cornea after excimer laser ablation in patients with myopia of different degrees. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 16 patients (32 eyes) with myopia ranging from 2.75 to 9.0 D were examined before and after LASIK. Ocular Blood Flow Analyzer (OBFA) was used to measure IOP and OBF as well as pulse amplitude and volume. Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) was also employed to provide the following data: Goldmann-equivalent IOP, corneal compensated IOP, corneal hysteresis, and corneal resistance factor...
July 2016: Vestnik Oftalmologii
Alfonso Casado, Carmen Cabarga, Ane Pérez-Sarriegui, Enrique Fuentemilla
PURPOSE: To evaluate the differences in intraocular pressure (IOP) and in corneal biomechanics in eyes with uneventful nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) in 1 eye and with intended deep sclerectomy reconverted into trabeculectomy (RIT) in the fellow eye of the same patient. PARTICIPANTS: Forty eyes of 20 patients with both types of glaucoma surgery and more than 6 months of follow-up, and 31 eyes of 50 controls. METHODS: IOP was assessed with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT), ocular response analizer (ORA), and dynamic contour tonometer (DCT)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Glaucoma
Masato Matsuura, Kazunori Hirasawa, Hiroshi Murata, Mieko Yanagisawa, Yoshitaka Nakao, Shunsuke Nakakura, Yoshiaki Kiuchi, Ryo Asaoka
It is important to compare the results of Corneal Visualization Scheimpflug Technology instrument (CST) measurements and Reichert Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) parameters. The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between CST measurements and ORA parameters in ninety-five patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. Measurements of CST, ORA, axial length (AL), average corneal curvature (CC), central corneal thickness (CCT) and intraocular pressure (IOP) with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) were carried out...
2016: PloS One
Farideh Sharifipour, Mahmoodreza Panahi-Bazaz, Roghayeh Bidar, Aida Idani, Bahman Cheraghian
PURPOSE: To determine age-related changes in corneal viscoelastic properties in healthy individuals. METHODS: This observational cross-sectional study was performed at the Department of Ophthalmology, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran and included 302 healthy individuals in 6 age decades (range: 10-69 years). After complete ocular examination, corneal viscoelastic properties were measured by ocular response analyzer and central corneal thickness (CCT) by an ultrasonic pachymeter...
September 2016: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Lucía Perucho-González, Federico Sáenz-Francés, Laura Morales-Fernández, José María Martínez-de-la-Casa, Carmen D Méndez-Hernández, Enrique Santos-Bueso, John L Brookes, Julián García-Feijoó
PURPOSE: To determine whether a set of ocular morphometric and biomechanical variables are able to discriminate between healthy volunteers and patients suffering from primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). METHODS: Case-control study in which 66 patients with PCG and 94 age-matched healthy subjects were evaluated using ocular response analyser (ORA) to record corneal biomechanical properties. Topographic corneal variables were obtained using the Pentacam in both groups...
August 29, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Hua Li, Yan Wang, Rui Dou, Pinghui Wei, Jiamei Zhang, Wei Zhao, Liuyang Li
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article was to evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) changes and investigate the relationship with corneal biomechanics after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK). METHODS: A total of 193 eyes of 193 patients who underwent SMILE and FS-LASIK procedures were included in this retrospective study. Data were collected preoperatively and postoperatively, including Goldmann-correlated IOP (IOPg), corneal-compensated IOP (IOPcc), corneal hysteresis (CH), and corneal resistance factor (CRF) by ocular response analyzer, noncontact intraocular pressure (IOPNCT) by noncontact tonometer, and Ehlers, Shah, Dresden, Kohlhaas, Orssengo/Pye by the Pentacam corrected system...
August 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Zhiqing Wu, Yan Wang, Jiamei Zhang, Tommy C Y Chan, Alex L K Ng, George P M Cheng, Vishal Jhanji
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the change in corneal biomechanical properties after microincision lenticule extraction (MILE) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: In this prospective study, 60 eyes received MILE surgery with 2 mm opening incision, while 64 eyes received SMILE procedure with 5 mm opening incision. Corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF) and 37 other biomechanical waveform parameters were quantitatively assessed using ocular response analyser (ORA) preoperatively and up to 6 months postoperatively...
August 19, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
S H Chen, J Zhang, Y N Li, P Ding, Q M Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in the treatment of keratoconus. METHODS: Prospective study. Sixteen eyes of 16 patients with keratoconus underwent transepithelial CXL, and the fellow eyes were considered as the controls. The mean age was (22.4±6.5) years old. In the CXL group, topical anesthesia (0.1% tetracaine) was given for 15 minutes, and 0.5% riboflavin was applied until saturated in the anterior chamber...
July 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
C J Yu, Y Wang, X L Su, W J Wu, Z Q Wu, Y N Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in posterior corneal elevation after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and related factors. METHODS: Retrospective case series study. Eighty-three eyes of 44 myopic patients undergoing SMILE were examined with the Pentacam preoperatively, and at 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. Posterior corneal elevation at the corneal apex and 0°, 45°, 90°, 135°, 180°, 225°, 270° and 325° points of the 2 mm and 6 mm diameter (total, 17 points) was analyzed...
July 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Kunliang Qiu, Xuehui Lu, Riping Zhang, Geng Wang, Mingzhi Zhang
Purpose. To determine the corneal biomechanical properties by using the Ocular Response Analyzer™ and to investigate potential factors associated with the corneal biomechanics in healthy myopic subjects. Methods. 135 eyes from 135 healthy myopic subjects were included in this cross-sectional observational study. Cornea hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), cornea-compensated intraocular pressure (IOPcc), and Goldmann-correlated intraocular pressure (IOPg) were determined with the Reichert Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA)...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Ying Hong, Nobuyuki Shoji, Tetsuya Morita, Kazunori Hirasawa, Kazuhiro Matsumura, Masayuki Kasahara, Kimiya Shimizu
AIM: To compare the corneal biomechanical properties difference by ocular response analyzer (ORA) in normal tension glaucoma (NTG) patients with different visual field (VF) progression speed. METHODS: NTG patients with well-controlled Goldmann applanation tonometer (GAT) who routinely consulted Kitasato University Hospital Glaucoma Department between January 2010 and February 2014 were enrolled. GAT and ORA parameters including corneal compensated intraocular pressure (IOPcc), Goldmann estimated intraocular pressure (IOPg), corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF) were recorded...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Aitor Lanzagorta-Aresti, Marta Perez-Lopez, Elena Palacios-Pozo, Juan Davo-Cabrera
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between the displacement of the lamina cribrosa (LC) and prelaminar tissue with corneal hysteresis (CH) using spectral-domain coherence tomography (SD-OCT) after reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) with medical treatment. METHODS: Sixty-one eyes of 61 patients with ocular hypertension or primary open-angle glaucoma who were going to start with treatment were imaged by means of 12 cross-sectional scans of the optic nerve using enhanced depth imaging SD-OCT before and after 1 week of treatment...
July 29, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Ihab Mohamed Osman, Hany Ahmed Helaly, Moones Abdalla, Mohsen Abou Shousha
BACKGROUND: Evaluating the corneal biomechanical changes using the Ocular Response Analyzer and the Corvis ST in eyes with incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and laser assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included 50 eyes equally divided into two groups. The first group included eyes that underwent SMILE procedure using VisuMax® 500 kHz laser system (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany) and the second group included eyes that underwent LASIK procedure using the EX500 Allegretto excimer laser platform (Wavelight GmbH, Erlangen, Germany)...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
Ali Bülent Çankaya, Seyfullah Kan, Muhammed Kizilgul, Aslı Tokmak, Merve Inanc, Mustafa Caliskan, Emrullah Beyazyildiz, Ugur Açar, Tuncay Delibaşı
The purpose of this study is to compare the corneal biomechanical properties in primary hyperparathyroid patients and healthy control subjects. The study consisted of 31 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (study group) and 31 healthy subjects (control group). Corneal biomechanical properties, including corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured with an ocular response analyzer (ORA). IOP was also measured using Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT), and central corneal thickness (CCT) was measured with an ultrasonic pachymeter...
July 16, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Somayeh Radaie-Moghadam, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbas Ali Yekta, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of using toric soft contact lenses on corneal biomechanical properties. METHODS: We enrolled 33 healthy patients with mean age of 23.18 ± 4.06 and minimal cylinder power of 1 D (-1.98 ± 0.808 SD) and negative history of contact lens use; keratoconic patients were excluded from the study. Toric soft contact lenses (BIOFINITY, Comfilcon A, Coopervision, Southampton, UK) were fitted in all participants. The Ocular Response Analyzer (Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments, Depew, New York, USA) was used to measure corneal hysteresis (CH), corneal resistance factor (CRF), and the Pentacam HR (Oculus, Inc...
April 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Jyoti Matalia, Mathew Francis, Sushma Tejwani, Gagan Dudeja, Neha Rajappa, Abhijit Sinha Roy
PURPOSE: To assess the correlation of age and myopia with corneal and extraocular tissue stiffness derived from air-puff applanation using a composite viscoelastic model. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study evaluated 155 normal eyes (age range: 5 to 50 years) measured on Corvis ST (Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany). Manifest refraction spherical equivalent was also analyzed. A linear viscoelastic model that segregated corneal and extraocular tissue stiffness from the applanation deformation waveform was implemented...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
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