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Dietary Supplement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731606/feasibility-of-home-based-dietetic-intervention-to-improve-the-nutritional-status-of-older-adults-post-hospital-discharge
#1
Aliza Haslinda Hamirudin, Karen Walton, Karen Charlton, Amanda Carrie, Linda Tapsell, Marianna Milosavljevic, Glen Pang, Jan Potter
AIM: To determine if a model of home-based dietetic care improves dietary intake and weight status in a specific group of older adults post-hospitalisation. METHODS: The Department of Veterans' Affairs clients aged 65 years and over were recruited from hospitals in a regional area of New South Wales, Australia (n = 32 men, n = 36 women). Nutritional status was assessed at home at baseline (within two weeks post-discharge) and three months post-discharge using a diet history, a food frequency checklist and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731600/spot-testing-urine-ph-a-novel-dietary-biomarker-a-randomised-cross-over-trial
#2
Benjamin H Parmenter, Gary J Slater, Lynda A Frassetto
AIM: Spot-tests of urine pH are claimed to be an accessible biomarker of net acid excretion (NAE), and as such, they may be able to determine changes in an individual's intake of acid- or base-forming foods. To test this hypothesis, we aimed to determine if spot-tests of urine pH could index NAE and relay the consumption of a fruit and vegetable (F&V) concentrate whilst determining this concentrate's capacity to modulate NAE. METHODS: In a double blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial, healthy adults (n = 13) were allocated by simple randomisation to receive a F&V concentrate or placebo for three days each, with diet standardised throughout...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731144/dietary-fiber-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-review
#3
Magdy El-Salhy, Synne Otterasen Ystad, Tarek Mazzawi, Doris Gundersen
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic gastrointestinal disorder. It is widely believed that IBS is caused by a deficient intake of dietary fiber, and most physicians recommend that patients with IBS increase their intake of dietary fiber in order to relieve their symptoms. However, different types of dietary fiber exhibit marked differences in physical and chemical properties, and the associated health benefits are specific for each fiber type. Short-chain soluble and highly fermentable dietary fiber, such as oligosaccharides results in rapid gas production that can cause abdominal pain/discomfort, abdominal bloating/distension and flatulence in patients with IBS...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730972/aoac-smpr-%C3%A2-2017-011-standard-method-performance-requirements-smprs-for-identification-and-quantitation-of-free-alpha-amino-acids-in-dietary-ingredients-and-supplements
#4
Garrett Zielinski, Gisele Atkinson, Sneh Bhandari, Paul Burns, Danielle Citrolo, Christine Farthing, Brandi Glover, Adam Horkey, Holly Johnson, Adam Kuszak, Jeff Lin, J Andreas Lippert, Elizabeth Mudge, Maria Ofitserova, Lars M Reimann, Aniko M Solyom, Darryl M Sullivan, John Szpylka, John Travis, Jason Lynn Wubben, Jinchuan Yang, Hong You, Kurt Young, Scott G Coates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730711/supplementation-of-protease-alone-and-in-combination-with-fructooligosaccharide-to-low-protein-diet-for-finishing-pigs
#5
Xin Jian Lei, Jin Young Cheong, Jae Hong Park, In Ho Kim
Effects of adding protease with or without fructooligosaccharide (FOS) to low protein diet on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and fecal noxious gas emission were evaluated in 160 finishing pigs (57.70 ± 1.16 kg) in a 9-week study. Pigs were randomly divided into four dietary treatments, PC: positive control diet (15.97% crude protein (CP)); NC: negative control diet (12.94% CP); PRO: NC supplemented with 0.05% protease; PROFOS: NC supplemented with 0.05% protease and 0.1% FOS. During weeks 4-9 and weeks 0-9, gain : feed ratio was impaired (P < 0...
July 20, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730576/effects-of-boron-supplementation-on-expression-of-hsp70-in-the-spleen-of-african-ostrich
#6
Khaliq Haseeb, Jing Wang, Ke Xiao, Ke-Li Yang, Peng-Peng Sun, Xing-Tong Wu, You Luo, Hui Song, Hua-Zhen Liu, Ju-Ming Zhong, Ke-Mei Peng
Increased synthesis of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) occurs in prokaryotes and eukaryotes in response to physiological, environmental, and chemical exposures, thus allowing the cell survival from fatal conditions. Hsp70 cytoprotective properties may be clarified by its anti-apoptotic function. Boron has been reported to play an essential role in various organ developments and metabolisms. However, it is not known if boron is also able to modulate the Hsp70. In the present study, the actions of boron on ostrich spleen and expression level of Hsp70 were investigated...
July 20, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729717/dietary-constraints-can-preclude-the-expression-of-an-honest-chemical-sexual-signal
#7
Roberto García-Roa, Jorge Sáiz, Belén Gómara, Pilar López, José Martín
Identifying the factors that underlie signal divergences remains challenging in studies of animal communication. Regarding the chemical signalling, different compounds can be found in some species but be absent in others. We hypothesized that if the costs that are associated with the expression of some compounds are too high, their presence in the signal may be restricted. However, these compounds may be expressed and be functional when those costs are relaxed. Vitamin E (α-tocopherol), a dietary compound with metabolic relevancy, acts as an honest chemical sexual signal in many lizards but no in others such as the Carpetan Rock lizard (Iberolacerta cyreni)...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729463/dietary-pufas-attenuate-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-via-enhancing-macrophage-autophagy
#8
Lulu Shen, Yan Yang, Tiantong Ou, Chia-Chi C Key, Sarah H Tong, Russel C Sequeira, Jonathan M Nelson, Yan Nie, Zhan Wang, Elena Boudyguina, Swapnil V Shewale, Xuewei Zhu
Dietary PUFAs reduce atherosclerosis and macrophage inflammation, but how NLRP3 inflammasome activation and autophagy influence PUFA-mediated atheroprotection is poorly understood. We fed Ldlr-/- mice diets containing 10% (calories) palm oil (PO) and 0.2% cholesterol, supplemented with an additional 10% of calories as PO, fish oil (FO), echium oil (EO, containing 18:4 n-3), or borage oil (BO, containing 18:3 n-6). Inflammasome activation, autophagic flux, and mitochondrial function were measured in peritoneal macrophages, blood monocytes, or liver from diet-fed mice...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728455/asparagine-preserves-intestinal-barrier-function-from-lps-induced-injury-and-regulates-crf-crfr-signaling-pathway
#9
Huiling Zhu, Dingan Pi, Weibo Leng, Xiuying Wang, Chien-An Andy Hu, Yongqing Hou, Jianglin Xiong, Chunwei Wang, Qin Qin, Yulan Liu
Stress causes intestinal inflammation and barrier dysfunction. Corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF)/CRF receptor (CRFR) signaling pathway has been shown to be important for stress-induced intestinal mucosal alteration. L-Asparagine (ASN) is a powerful stimulator of ornithine decarboxylase and cell proliferation in a variety of cell types, including colonic cells. In the present study, we investigated whether dietary ASN supplementation could alleviate the damage of intestinal barrier function caused by LPS through modulation of CRF/CRFR signaling pathway...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728408/evaluation-of-trace-mineral-source-and-preharvest-deletion-of-trace-minerals-from-finishing-diets-on-tissue-mineral-status-in-pigs
#10
Y L Ma, Merlin D Lindemann, Sharon F Webb, Gregg Rentfrow
Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate dietary supplemental trace mineral source and deletion on mineral content in tissues. Methods: Weanling crossbred pigs [n = 144; 72 barrows and 72 gilts; body weight (BW) = 7.4 ± 1.05 kg] were used. A basal diet was prepared, and trace mineral premix containing either inorganic (ITM) or organic (OTM) trace minerals (Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) was added to the basal diet. Pigs were blocked by sex and BW and randomly allotted to 24 pens for a total of 6 pigs per pen, and fed a diet containing either ITM or OTM supplemented at the 1998 NRC requirement estimates for each of 5 BW phases (Phase I to V) from 7 to 120 kg...
July 6, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728405/effect-of-rapeseed-meal-supplementation-to-gestation-diet-on-reproductive-rerformance-blood-profiles-and-milk-composition-of-sows
#11
Hyunbong Choi, Song Shan Jin, Sung Woong Jung, Jae Cheol Jang, Jin Su Hong, Jae Hark Jeong, Y Y Kim
Objective: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation levels of rapeseed meal (RSM) in gestation diets on reproductive performance, blood profiles and milk composition of sows and performance of their progeny. Methods: A total of 55 mixed-parity sows (Yorkshire × Landrace; average parity = 3.82) with an initial body weight (BW) of 193.0 kg were used in this experiment. Sows were allotted to one of 5 treatments at breeding based on BW and backfat thickness in a completely randomized design...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728393/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-detoxified-rhus-verniciflua-sap-on-egg-production-yolk-lipid-and-intestinal-microflora-in-laying-hens
#12
Byoung-Ki An, Je-Hun Kim, Lan Zheng, Byung-Hern Moon, Kyung-Woo Lee
Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary detoxified Rhus verniciflua sap (RVS) on production performance, egg quality, lipid fractions of egg yolk, liver and serum, and the profile of cecal microflora in laying hens. Methods: Two hundred 52-week-old Hy-Line Brown layers were randomly divided into 4 groups with 5 replicates per group (2 hens per cage, 5 cages per replicate) and were provided with one of 4 experimental diets containing 0, 0...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728391/dietary-maifanite-supplementation-did-not-affect-the-apparent-total-tract-digestibility-of-calcium-and-phosphorus-in-growing-pigs
#13
Lili Bai, Dongxu Ming, Shuren Dong, Zhongyue Yang, Wenhui Wang, Shuai Zhang, Xiangshu Piao, Ling Liu, Fenglai Wang
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary maifanite supplementation and fecal collection method on the apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) and blood parameters in growing pigs. Methods: Thirty-six growing barrows (Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire;27.0±2.6 kg) were allotted to six dietary treatments with 6 pigs per treatment according to body weight in a completely randomized design. The experimental treatments were: (1) Low Ca+cornstarch (2...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728382/effects-of-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-formula-and-its-extraction-on-muscle-fiber-characteristics-in-finishing-pigs-porcine-cell-proliferation-and-isoforms-of-myosin-heavy-chain-gene-expression-in-myocytes
#14
Qin Ping Yu, Ding Yuan Feng, Xiao Jun He, Fan Wu, Min Hao Xia, Tao Dong, Yi Hua Liu, Hui Ze Tan, Shi Geng Zou, Tao Zheng, Xian Hua Ou, Jian Jun Zou
Objective: This study evaluated the effects of a traditional Chinese medicine formula (TCMF) on muscle fiber characteristics in finishing pigs and the effects of the formula's extract (distilled water, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether extraction) on porcine cell proliferation and isoforms of MyHC gene expression in myocytes. Methods: XThe psoas major muscle was obtained from pigs at the end of the experiment. Muscle fiber characteristics in the psoas major muscle were analyzed using myosin ATPase staining...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728379/effects-of-dietary-glutamine-and-arginine-supplementation-on-performance-intestinal-morphology-and-ascites-mortality-in-broiler-chickens-reared-under-cold-environment
#15
Rahim Abdulkarimi, Mohammad Hossien Shahir, Mohsen Daneshyar
Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary glutamine (Gln) and arginine (Arg) supplementation on performance, intestinal morphology and ascites mortality in broilers. Methods: A total of 675 day old chicks were randomly allocated to 9 experimental groups in a 3×3 factorial arrangement based on a completely randomized design with 5 replicates of 15 chicks. Three levels of dietary Gln (0, 0.5 and 1%) and Arg (100, 130% and 160% of Ross recommendation) supplementation were used in ascites inducing condition (15±1 ˚C) from 7 to 42 days of age...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728376/effect-of-condensed-tannins-containing-ficus-infectoria-and-psidium-guajava-leaf-meal-mixture-supplementation-on-nutrient-metabolism-methane-emission-and-performance-of-lambs
#16
A K Pathak, Narayan Dutta, A K Pattanaik, V B Chaturvedi, K Sharma
Objective: The study was conducted to examine the effect of condensed tannins (CT) containing Ficus infectoria and Psidium guajava leaf meal mixture (LMM) supplementation on nutrient metabolism, methane emission and performance of lambs. Methods: Twenty four lambs of ~ 6 months age (average body weight 10.1±0.60 kg) were randomly divided into 4 dietary treatments (CT-0, CT-1, CT-1.5 and CT-2 containing 0, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 percent CT through LMM, respectively) consisting of 6 lambs each in a completely randomized design...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728363/effect-of-different-levels-of-protein-concentrates-supplementation-on-the-growth-performance-plasma-amino-acids-profile-and-mtor-cascade-genes-expression-in-early-weaned-yak-calves
#17
Quhani Peng, Nazir Ahmad Khan, B Xue, T H Yan, Z S Ahmad Wang
Objective: Yak is anone of the most important livestock species in the alpine-meadow grasslands of Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. WeThis study evaluated the effects of different levels of protein concentrate supplementation on the growth performance of yak calves, and correlated the growth rate to the changes occurring in the plasma- amino acids, and -insulin profile, and to the signaling activity of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) cascade, in order to characterize the mechanism through which the protein synthesis can be improved in early weaned yaks...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728357/effects-of-dietary-alfalfa-flavonoids-on-the-performance-meat-quality-and-lipid-oxidation-of-growing-rabbits
#18
Sihem Dabbou, Laura Gasco, Luca Rotolo, Luisa Pozzo, Jian Ming Tong, Xiao Fang Dong, Patrizia Rubiolo, Achille Schiavone, Francesco Gai
Objective: The present experiment has tested the effect of the dietary alfalfa flavonoids (AAF) supplementation on the productive performances, carcass characteristics,meat quality and lipid oxidation of growing rabbits. Methods: One hundred and sixty crossbred rabbits (42 days old) were divided into four groups of forty animals each and were fed either acontrol diet (AAF0) or an AAF0 diet supplemented with 400, 800 or 1200 mg of AAF/kg per diet (AAF4,AAF8 and AAF12, respectively) from weaning to slaughtering (102days old)...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728134/serum-vitamin-d-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-within-five-years
#19
Katie M O'Brien, Dale P Sandler, Jack A Taylor, Clarice R Weinberg
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is an environmental and dietary agent with known anticarcinogenic effects, but protection against breast cancer has not been established. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between baseline serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels, supplemental vitamin D use, and breast cancer incidence over the subsequent 5 y of follow-up. METHODS: From 2003-2009, the Sister Study enrolled 50,884 U.S. women 35-74 y old who had a sister with breast cancer but had never had breast cancer themselves...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727474/a-primer-on-exocrine-pancreatic-insufficiency-fat-malabsorption-and-fatty-acid-abnormalities
#20
Samer Alkaade, Ashley A Vareedayah
Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) is characterized by a deficiency of exocrine pancreatic enzymes, resulting in deficits in digestion of all macronutrients, with deficiencies in digestion of fats being the most clinically relevant. The leading cause of EPI is chronic pancreatitis. However, many other causes and conditions may be implicated, including cystic fibrosis, pancreatic duct obstruction, gastric and pancreatic surgery, diabetes mellitus and other conditions. Physical and biochemical causes of EPI include decreased production and secretion of lipase, increased lipase destruction, pancreatic duct obstruction, decreased lipase stimulation and degradation, as well as gastrointestinal motility disorders...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
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