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Dietary Supplement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231702/effect-of-a-microbial-phytase-on-growth-performance-plasma-parameters-and-apparent-ileal-amino-acid-digestibility-in-youxian-sheldrake-fed-a-low-phosphorus-corn-soybean-diet
#1
Shaoping He, Rodolfo Frilles Medrano, Qifang Yu, Yixin Cai, Qiuzhong Dai, Jianhua He
Objective: This study investigated the effect of microbial phytase supplementation on growth performance, tibia ash, plasma parameters, apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of amino acid (AA) and apparent digestibility of nutrients in Youxian Sheldrakes fed with low-Phosphorus (P) corn-soybean diets. Methods: A total of 350 Youxian Sheldrakes (7d old) were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups: positive control (PC) group has adequate available P diet (0.42% and 0...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231698/effect-of-feeding-of-blend-of-essential-oils-on-methane-production-growth-nutrient-utilization-in-growing-buffaloes
#2
M A Yatoo, L C Chaudhary, Neeta Agarwal, V B Chaturvedi, D N Kamra
Objective: An experiment was conducted to study the effect of a blend of essential oils (BEO) on enteric methane emission and growth performance of buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Methods: Twenty one growing male buffaloes (average body weight of 279 ± 9.3 kg) were divided in to three groups. The animals of all the three groups were fed on a ration consisting of wheat straw and concentrate mixture targeting 500g daily live weight gain. The three dietary groups were; Group1: control without additive, Group 2 and 3: supplemented with BEO @ 0...
February 23, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231514/the-social-and-economic-impact-of-biofortification-through-genetic-modification
#3
REVIEW
Hans De Steur, Matty Demont, Xavier Gellynck, Alexander J Stein
Genetic modification (GM) has been advocated as an alternative or complement to micronutrient interventions such as supplementation, fortification or dietary diversification. While proof-of-concept of various GM biofortified crops looks promising, the decision tree of policy makers is much more complex, and requires insight on their socio-economic impacts: Will it actually work? Is it financially sound? Will people accept it? Can it be implemented in a globalized world? This review shows that GM biofortification could effectively reduce the burden of micronutrient deficiencies, in an economically viable way, and is generally well received by target beneficiaries, despite some resistance and uncertainty...
February 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231179/how-can-diet-affect-the-accumulation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-the-human-body
#4
REVIEW
Axel Guilbaud, Celine Niquet-Leridon, Eric Boulanger, Frederic J Tessier
The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is associated with the complications of diabetes, kidney disease, metabolic disorders and degenerative diseases. It is recognized that the pool of glycation products found in the human body comes not only from an endogenous formation, but also from a dietary exposure to exogenous AGEs. In recent years, the development of pharmacologically-active ingredients aimed at inhibiting endogenous glycation has not been successful. Since the accumulation of AGEs in the human body appears to be progressive throughout life, an early preventive action against glycation could be effective through dietary adjustments or supplementation with purified micronutrients...
December 6, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231026/late-administration-of-a-palladium-lipoic-acid-complex-poly-mva-modifies-cardiac-mitochondria-but-not-functional-or-structural-manifestations-of-radiation-induced-heart-disease-in-a-rat-model
#5
Vijayalakshmi Sridharan, John W Seawright, Francis J Antonawich, Merrill Garnett, Maohua Cao, Preeti Singh, Marjan Boerma
Exposure of the heart to ionizing radiation can cause adverse myocardial remodeling. In small animal models, local heart irradiation causes persistent alterations in cardiac mitochondrial function and swelling. POLY-MVA is a dietary supplement that contains a palladium lipoic acid complex that targets mitochondrial complex I and has been demonstrated to have greater redox potential than lipoic acid alone. POLY-MVA improves mitochondrial function and anti-oxidant enzyme activity in the aged rat heart. In this study, we tested whether POLY-MVA can mitigate cardiac effects of ionizing radiation...
February 23, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230764/cinnamic-acid-and-its-derivatives-mechanisms-for-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes-and-its-complications
#6
REVIEW
Sirichai Adisakwattana
With recent insight into the development of dietary supplements and functional foods, search of effective phytochemical compounds and their mechanisms involved in prevention and management of diabetes and its complications are now being assessed. Cinnamic acid and its derivatives occur naturally in high levels of plant-based foods. Among various biological activities, cinnamic acid and its derivatives are associated with a beneficial influence on diabetes and its complications. The aim of the review is to summarize the potential mechanisms of these compounds for prevention and management of diabetes and its complications...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230737/role-of-fiber-in-symptomatic-uncomplicated-diverticular-disease-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Marilia Carabotti, Bruno Annibale, Carola Severi, Edith Lahner
Symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD) is a syndrome characterized by recurrent abdominal symptoms in patients with colonic diverticula. There is some evidence that a high-fiber diet or supplemental fibers may reduce symptoms in SUDD patients and a high-fiber diet is commonly suggested for these patients. This systematic review aims to update the evidence on the efficacy of fiber treatment in SUDD, in terms of a reduction in symptoms and the prevention of acute diverticulitis. According to PRISMA, we identified studies on SUDD patients treated with fibers (PubMed and Scopus)...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230279/folate-protects-hepatocytes-of-hyperhomocysteinemia-mice-from-apoptosis-via-cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-conductance-regulator-cftr-activated-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#8
Anning Yang, Yue Sun, Caiyan Mao, Songhao Yang, Min Huang, Mei Deng, Ning Ding, Xiaoling Yang, Minghao Zhang, Shaoju Jin, Yideng Jiang, Ying Huang
Folate deficiency is a known risk factor for liver injury; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we employed a high homocysteine-induced liver injury model of Apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-) ) mice fed high-methionine diet and found that high homocysteine induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and liver cell apoptosis by downregulation of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) expression; observations that were attenuated with supplementation of dietary folate...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229388/effects-of-boron-supplementation-on-peripartum-dairy-cows-health
#9
Abdullah Basoglu, Nuri Baspinar, Leonardo Tenori, Alessia Vignoli, Erdem Gulersoy
Although many different dietary studies on the prevention of negative energy balance related diseases are often encountered, this is the first study investigating the effects of boron supplementation on peripartum dairy cows' health in the light of an omics approach. Twenty-eight healthy cows (1 control and 3 experimental groups) were enrolled from 2 months before predicted calving until 2 months after calving. Experimental groups were assigned to receive boron at increasing doses as an oral bolus. Production parameters, biochemical profile, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance based metabolomics profile, and mRNA abundance of gluconeogenic enzymes and lipid oxidation genes were determined...
February 22, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229279/immune-dysfunction-and-increased-oxidative-stress-state-in-diet-induced-obese-mice-are-reverted-by-nutritional-supplementation-with-monounsaturated-and-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#10
Caroline Hunsche, Oskarina Hernandez, Alina Gheorghe, Ligia Esperanza Díaz, Ascensión Marcos, Mónica De la Fuente
PURPOSE: Obesity is associated with impaired immune defences and chronic low levels of inflammation and oxidation. In addition, this condition may lead to premature aging. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a nutritional supplementation with monounsaturated and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on several functions and oxidative stress parameters in peritoneal immune cells of obese mice, as well as on the life span of these animals. METHODS: Obesity was induced in adult female ICR/CD1 by the administration of a high-fat diet (HFD) for 14 weeks...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229170/molecular-insight-of-arsenic-induced-carcinogenesis-and-its-prevention
#11
REVIEW
Paramita Mandal
Population of India and Bangladesh and many other parts of the world are badly exposed to arsenic through drinking water. Due to non-availability of safe drinking water, they are dependent on arsenic-contaminated water. Generally, poverty level is high in those areas with lack of proper nutrition. Arsenic is considered to be an environmental contaminant and widely distributed in the environment due to its natural existence and anthropogenic applications. Contamination of arsenic in both human and animal could occur through air, soil, and other sources...
February 22, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228425/prebiotic-supplementation-improves-appetite-control-in-children-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Megan P Hume, Alissa C Nicolucci, Raylene A Reimer
Background: Prebiotics have been shown to improve satiety in adults with overweight and obesity; however, studies in children are limited.Objective: We examined the effects of prebiotic supplementation on appetite control and energy intake in children with overweight and obesity.Design: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Forty-two boys and girls, ages 7-12 y, with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥85th percentile were randomly assigned to 8 g oligofructose-enriched inulin/d or placebo (maltodextrin) for 16 wk...
February 22, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228158/flaxseed-oil-ameliorates-alcoholic-liver-disease-via-anti-inflammation-and-modulating-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#13
Xiaoxia Zhang, Hao Wang, Peipei Yin, Hang Fan, Liwei Sun, Yujun Liu
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) represents a chronic wide-spectrum of liver injury caused by consistently excessive alcohol intake. Few satisfactory advances have been made in management of ALD. Thus, novel and more practical treatment options are urgently needed. Flaxseed oil (FO) is rich in α-linolenic acid (ALA), a plant-derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). However, the impact of dietary FO on chronic alcohol consumption remains unknown. METHODS: In this study, we assessed possible effects of dietary FO on attenuation of ALD and associated mechanisms in mice...
February 22, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228072/curcumin-and-endothelial-function-evidence-and-mechanisms-of-protective-effects
#14
Maryam Saberi Karimian, Matteo Pirro, Thomas P Johnston, Muhammed Majeed, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND: The endothelium is a large paracrine organ regulating cell growth, vascular tone and thrombogenicity as well as platelet and leukocyte interactions. Endothelial function can be assessed by non-invasive techniques [e.g. flow-mediated vasodilation, nitroglycerin-mediated dilation and pulse wave velocity] and measuring specific circulating biomarkers [cell adhesion molecules, endothelial microparticles and endothelial progenitor cells]. Impaired endothelial function plays a key role in the development of atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, heart failure, ischemia-reperfusion injury, Alzheimer's disease and other conditions...
February 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228070/nanoscale-delivery-systems-actual-and-potential-applications-in-the-natural-products-industry
#15
Antal Diana Simona, Ardelean Florina, Chis Aimée Rodica, Ollivier Evelyne, Serban Maria-Corina
BACKGROUND: Compounds and extracts derived from natural sources continue to stand in the spotlight of drug design owing to their versatile interaction with enzymes, receptors and metabolic pathways. Nanomedicine offers an operative tool for the efficient delivery of natural products, in terms of increased bioavailability, targeting, and controlled release while protecting active constituents against physico-chemical alterations. The interest of the scientific community in the field of nanosized delivery of natural compounds is demonstrated by the exponential growth of the publications in this field...
February 20, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226409/effects-of-xylanase-supplementation-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-blood-parameters-fecal-microbiota-fecal-score-and-fecal-noxious-gas-emission-of-weaning-pigs-fed-corn-soybean-meal-based-diet
#16
Ruixia Lan, Tianshui Li, Inho Kim
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of xylanase supplementation on nutrient digestibility, growth performance, blood parameters, fecal microflora shedding, fecal score and fecal noxious gas emission of weaning pigs fed corn-soybean meal based diet. A total of 150 weaning pigs with an average initial body weight (BW) of 7.85 ± 0.93 kg were randomly allocated to three treatments based on BW and sex (10 replicate pens with five pigs, two gilts and three barrows) were used in this 42-day trial...
February 22, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226307/racial-ethnic-and-weight-status-disparities-in-dieting-and-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-early-adolescents
#17
Rachel F Rodgers, Karen E Peterson, Anne T Hunt, Jennifer L Spadano-Gasbarro, Tracy K Richmond, Mary L Greaney, S Bryn Austin
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether racial/ethnic minority early adolescents with overweight/obesity are at increased risk of disordered weight control behaviors, defined as unhealthy behaviors aiming to control or modify shape and weight, ranging from self-induced vomiting to the use of dietary supplements. METHODS: U.S. Middle school children (n=12.511) provided self-report of gender, race/ethnicity, height, and weight as well as dieting and disordered weight control behaviors...
February 14, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226012/excessive-consumption-of-dietary-supplements-among-professionals-working-in-gyms-in-pelotas-rio-grande-do-sul-state-brazil-2012
#18
Tatiane Araujo Cava, Samanta Winck Madruga, Gesiane Dias Trindade Teixeira, Felipe Fossati Reichert, Marcelo Cozzensa da Silva, Airton José Rombaldi
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with excessive consumption of dietary supplements among professionals working at gyms in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study with all local fitness professionals identified in 2012; excessive consumption of dietary supplements was defined as the use of three or more types of supplements simultaneously; multivariate analysis was carried out using Poisson regression with robust variance...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225050/impact-of-baseline-vitamin-b12-status-on-the-effect-of-vitamin-b12-supplementation-on-neurologic-function-in-older-people-secondary-analysis-of-data-from-the-open-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
L M Miles, E Allen, R Clarke, K Mills, R Uauy, A D Dangour
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The available evidence from randomised controlled trials suggests that vitamin B12 supplementation does not improve neurologic function in older people with marginal but not deficient Vitamin B12 status. This secondary analysis used data from the Older People and Enhanced Neurological function (OPEN) randomised controlled trial to assess whether baseline vitamin B12 status or change in vitamin B12 status over 12 months altered the effectiveness of dietary vitamin B12 supplementation on neurologic function in asymptomatic older people with depleted vitamin B12 status at study entry...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224651/supplementing-oregano-essential-oil-to-boar-diet-with-strengthened-fish-oil-effects-on-semen-antioxidant-status-and-semen-quality-parameters
#20
Q Liu, R J Duan, Y F Zhou, H K Wei, J Peng, J L Li
Previous research has shown benefits of dietary fish oil supplementation on semen quality of boars. However, little is known about how antioxidant protects lipid peroxidation on spermatozoa from n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) addition. This study evaluated the effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) supplementation on semen antioxidant status and semen quality in boars fed a diet enriched with fish oil. Thirty-four mature boars of proven fertility, received daily 2.5 kg basal diet top-dressed with 45 g soybean oil and 15 g fish oil to meet the n-3 PUFA requirement of spermatozoa, randomly allocated to one of four groups supplemented with 100 mg α-tocopheryl acetate kg(-1) (control), or 250 or 500 or 750 mg OEO kg(-1) for 16 weeks...
February 22, 2017: Andrologia
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