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Dietary Supplement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913821/theobromine-upregulates-osteogenesis-by-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-vitro-and-accelerates-bone-development-in-rats
#1
Bret H Clough, Joni Ylostalo, Elizabeth Browder, Eoin P McNeill, Thomas J Bartosh, H Ralph Rawls, Tetsuo Nakamoto, Carl A Gregory
Theobromine (THB) is one of the major xanthine-like alkaloids found in cacao plant and a variety of other foodstuffs such as tea leaves, guarana and cola nuts. Historically, THB and its derivatives have been utilized to treat cardiac and circulatory disorders, drug-induced nephrotoxicity, proteinuria and as an immune-modulator. Our previous work demonstrated that THB has the capacity to improve the formation of hydroxyl-apatite during tooth development, suggesting that it may also enhance skeletal development...
December 2, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912939/dietary-supplementation-is-more-prevalent-among-adults-with-arthritis-in-the-united-states-population
#2
Patrick B Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Sparse data are available to describe the prevalence of dietary supplementation among individuals with arthritis. Using a nationally representative sample, this investigation assessed the prevalence of dietary supplement use among Americans self-reporting arthritis. SETTING AND DESIGN: Data from 4606 participants of the 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed, including from 1170 participants self-reporting arthritis...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912750/fermented-barley-and-soybean-bs-mixture-enhances-intestinal-barrier-function-in-dextran-sulfate-sodium-dss-induced-colitis-mouse-model
#3
Jong Kyu Woo, Seungho Choi, Ju-Hee Kang, Dae Eung Kim, Byung-Serk Hurh, Jong-Eun Jeon, Sun Yeou Kim, Seung Hyun Oh
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by chronic or relapsing immune system activation and inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract. The lack of safety and efficacy of standard therapies, the use of food supplements for managing IBD is increasing, and many studies have reported that various food supplements provide many beneficial effects for the IBD. METHODS: This study aimed to evaluate the anti-colitis effects of dietary supplementation with a fermented barley and soybean mixture (BS) on intestinal inflammation using a murine model of IBD...
December 3, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911874/effects-of-dietary-vitamin-e-deficiency-on-systematic-pathological-changes-and-oxidative-stress-in-fish
#4
Kaiyu Wang, Erlong Wang, Zhenyang Qin, Zhen Zhou, Yi Geng, Defang Chen
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin E deficiency on systematic pathological changes and oxidative stress in fish. A total of 320 healthy common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were randomized into four groups; the control group was fed a basal diet supplemented with 100 IUkg-1 of vitamin E, while the three experimental groups were fed the same basal diet with reduced vitamin E content (0, 25, or 50 IUkg-1). Findings showed that fish in the experimental groups mainly presented with sekoke disease, exophthalmia, leprnorthsis, and ascites...
November 30, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911483/effects-of-dietary-heme-iron-and-exercise-training-on-abdominal-fat-accumulation-and-lipid-metabolism-in-high-fat-diet-fed-mice
#5
Masanori Katsumura, Shoko Takagi, Hana Oya, Shohei Tamura, Takaoki Saneyasu, Kazuhisa Honda, Hiroshi Kamisoyama
Animal by-products can be recycled and used as sources of essential nutrients. Water-soluble heme iron (WSHI), a functional food additive for supplementing iron, is produced by processing animal blood. In this study, we investigated the effects of dietary supplementation of 3% WSHI and exercise training for 4 weeks on the accumulation of abdominal fat and lipid metabolism in mice fed high-fat diet. Exercise-trained mice had significantly less perirenal adipose tissue, whereas WSHI-fed mice tended to have less epididymal adipose tissue...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910787/nonvolatile-taste-components-and-antioxidant-properties-of-fruiting-body-and-mycelium-with-high-ergothioneine-content-from-the-culinary-medicinal-golden-oyster-mushroom-pleurotus-citrinopileatus-agaricomycetes
#6
Shin-Yi Lin, Shih-Chang Chien, Sheng-Yang Wang, Jeng-Leun Mau
Pleurotus citrinopileatus mycelium was prepared with high ergothioneine (Hi-Ergo) content and its proximate composition, nonvolatile taste components, and antioxidant properties were studied. The ergothioneine contents of fruiting bodies and Hi-Ergo and regular mycelia were 3.89, 14.57, and 0.37 mg/g dry weight, respectively. Hi-Ergo mycelium contained more dietary fiber, soluble polysaccharides, and ash but less carbohydrates, reducing sugar, fiber, and fat than regular mycelium. However, Hi-Ergo mycelium contained the smallest amounts of total sugars and polyols (47...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910760/immunomodulation-effect-of-aqueous-extract-of-the-artist-s-conk-medicinal-mushroom-ganoderma-applanatum-agaricomycetes-on-the-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#7
Azadeh Manayi, Mahdi Vazirian, Fereshteh Hassan Zade, Akram Tehranifard
It is well known that innate immunity in fish can be activated by many synthetic and natural immunos-timulants; several natural substances induced immunity in fish in previous surveys. This study discussed data regarding the effect of Ganoderma applanatum aqueous extract on the defense mechanisms of rainbow trout in feeding trials. Fish were fed 250, 500, and 1000 mg extract/kg diet 4 times daily. Growth, humoral parameters, lysozyme activity, and serum protein concentrations were assessed after a period of 45 days...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910756/fatty-acid-composition-of-different-collections-of-coprinoid-mushrooms-agaricomycetes-and-their-nutritional-and-medicinal-values
#8
Susanna M Badalyan
Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the free fatty acid (FA) composition of ethanol extracts obtained from mycelia of 30 genetically identified strains of 18 species of coprinoid mushrooms (CMs) or coprini belonging to clades Coprinellus (C. bisporus, C. curtus, C. disseminatus, C. domesticus, C. ellisii, C.flocculosus, C. micaceus, C. aff radians I, C. aff radians II, C. aff radians III, C. xanthothrix, Coprinellus sp. 4), Coprinopsis (C. cinerea, C. cothurnata, C. gonophylla, C. lagopides, C. maysoidispora, C...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910708/myo-inositol-and-melatonin-in-the-menopausal-transition
#9
Rosario D'Anna, Angelo Santamaria, Grazia Giorgianni, Alberto Vaiarelli, Giuseppe Gullo, Flavia Di Bari, Salvatore Benvenga
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects on serum insulin and serum thyroid profile of a dietary supplement, myo-inositol, given alone or in combination with melatonin to women during menopausal transition. METHODS: Forty women aged 45-55 years and at least 6 months of amenorrhea were enrolled in this study. They were randomly assigned to two groups of 20 each. One group took myo-inositol (myo-Ins) (2 g twice a day) and the other group took 2 g/d myo-Ins plus 3 g/d melatonin before sleeping...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910260/impact-of-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-at-18%C3%A2-months-of-age-results-from-four-randomized-controlled-trials-in-africa
#10
Mary Arimond, Souheila Abbeddou, Chiza Kumwenda, Harriet Okronipa, Jaimie Hemsworth, Elizabeth Yakes Jimenez, Eugenia Ocansey, Anna Lartey, Ulla Ashorn, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Stephen A Vosti, Sonja Y Hess, Kathryn G Dewey
Optimal infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices can help ensure nutrient adequacy and support healthy growth and development. Small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) have been proposed to help fill nutrient gaps, but little is known about the impact of provision of SQ-LNS on breastfeeding or complementary feeding practices. In the context of four coordinated randomized controlled nutrient supplementation trials in diverse sites in Africa, we compared IYCF practices at infant age 18 months (after 9-12 months of supplementation) between those receiving and not receiving SQ-LNS...
December 2, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909782/associations-between-serum-vitamin-e-concentration-and-bone-mineral-density-in-the-us-elderly-population
#11
J Zhang, X Hu, J Zhang
: Mixed findings regarding effects of vitamin E on bone metabolism existed. We were the first to find a negative association between serum α-tocopherol concentration and bone mineral density in the US elderly population. Using vitamin E supplement as α-tocopherol to promote bone health was not warranted at this time. INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to examine the associations between serum vitamin E (α-tocopherol and γ-tocopherol) status and bone mineral density (BMD) among the US elderly population...
December 1, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909560/induction-of-heme-oxygenase-1-with-dietary-quercetin-reduces-obesity-induced-hepatic-inflammation-through-macrophage-phenotype-switching
#12
Chu-Sook Kim, Hye-Seon Choi, Yeonsoo Joe, Hun Taeg Chung, Rina Yu
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity-induced steatohepatitis accompanied by activated hepatic macrophages/Kupffer cells facilitates the progression of hepatic fibrinogenesis and exacerbates metabolic derangements such as insulin resistance. Heme oxyganase-1 (HO-1) modulates tissue macrophage phenotypes and thus is implicated in protection against inflammatory diseases. Here, we show that the flavonoid quercetin reduces obesity-induced hepatic inflammation by inducing HO-1, which promotes hepatic macrophage polarization in favor of the M2 phenotype...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909231/influence-of-dietary-nitrate-supplementation-on-physiological-and-muscle-metabolic-adaptations-to-sprint-interval-training
#13
Christopher Thompson, Lee J Wylie, Jamie R Blackwell, Jonathan Fulford, Matthew I Black, James Kelly, Sinead T J McDonagh, James Carter, Stephen J Bailey, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones
We hypothesized that 4 weeks of dietary nitrate supplementation would enhance exercise performance and muscle metabolic adaptations to sprint interval training (SIT). Thirty six recreationally-active subjects, matched on key variables at baseline, completed a series of exercise tests before and following a 4 week period in which they were allocated to one of the following groups: 1) SIT and NO3(-)-depleted beetroot juice as a placebo (SIT+PL); 2) SIT and NO3(-)-rich beetroot juice (~13mmol NO3(-)/day; SIT+BR); or 3) no training and NO3(-)-rich beetroot juice (NT+BR)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908553/olive-polyphenol-effects-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-ethanol-addiction
#14
Valentina Carito, Mauro Ceccanti, Vincenzo Cestari, Fausta Natella, Cristiano Bello, Roberto Coccurello, Rosanna Mancinelli, Marco Fiore
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol addiction elicits oxidative imbalance and it is well known that polyphenols possess antioxidant properties. We investigated whether or not polyphenols could confer a protective potential against alcohol-induced oxidative stress. METHODS: We administered (per os) for two months 20 mg/kg of olive polyphenols containing mostly hydroxytyrosol in alcoholic adult male mice. Hydroxytyrosol metabolites as hydroxytyrosol sulfate 1 and hydroxytyrosol sulfate 2 were found in the serum of mice administered with polyphenols with the highest amount in animals treated with both polyphenols and alcohol...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908547/high-dietary-choline-and-betaine-intake-is-associated-with-low-insulin-resistance-in-the-newfoundland-population
#15
Xiang Gao, Yongbo Wang, Guang Sun
OBJECTIVE: Dietary betaine supplement could ameliorate insulin resistance (IR) in animals, but no data are available for choline. Reports on humans are rare. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between dietary choline and betaine intake and IR in humans. METHODS: We assessed 2394 adults from the CODING (Complex Diseases in the Newfoundland population: Environment and Genetics) study. Intake of dietary choline and betaine was evaluated from the Willett Food Frequency Questionnaire...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908546/effects-of-branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-after-radiofrequency-ablation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-randomized-trial
#16
Shunsuke Nojiri, Kei Fujiwara, Noboru Shinkai, Etsuko Iio, Takashi Joh
OBJECTIVE: Maintenance of liver function is important for better outcomes after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of oral branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) supplementation on liver function, intrahepatic recurrence rate, and incidence of complications after RFA for HCC. METHODS: Patients with cirrhosis who underwent RFA were enrolled between August 2009 and April 2012, randomized to oral supplementation with Aminoleban EN (BCAA group) or diet alone (control group), and followed to determine changes in serum parameters and health status...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908427/the-influence-of-oral-copper-methionine-on-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-gene-expression-and-activation-in-right-sided-heart-failure-induced-by-cold-temperature-a-broiler-chicken-perspective
#17
Mina Bagheri Varzaneh, Hamidreza Rahmani, Rahman Jahanian, Amir Hossein Mahdavi, Corinne Perreau, Gwenn Perrot, Stéphane Brézillon, François-Xavier Maquart
This study was designed to investigate the expression, activation and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in the heart of broiler chickens reared in cold conditions and fed with copper-methionine supplement at different levels. The chickens (n=480) were randomly allotted to six treatments and four replicates. Treatments included two rearing temperatures (i.e. normal and cold temperatures) each combined with three levels of supplemental copper-methionine (i.e. 0, 100 and 200mg/kg). On d 38 and 45 of age, four broilers from each treatment were sacrificed and their hearts were stored at -80°C...
January 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908215/in-vitro-effect-of-myo-inositol-on-sperm-motility-in-normal-and-oligoasthenospermia-patients-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization
#18
P G Artini, E Casarosa, E Carletti, P Monteleone, A Di Noia, O M Di Berardino
It is a known fact that abnormal seminal liquid specimens contain abnormal amounts of oxygen free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and that the use of antioxidant molecules both in vivo and in vitro leads to improvement of semen quality in terms of motility, reduction in DNA damage, with obvious consequences on the fertilization potential. Myo-inositol has been observed to have anti-oxidant properties and be present in much greater concentrations specifically in seminal liquid than in the blood. Moreover, there seems to be a direct relationship between myo-inositol and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and sperm motility...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907839/influence-of-picolinic-acid-on-seizure-susceptibility-in-mice
#19
Anna Cioczek-Czuczwar, Piotr Czuczwar, Waldemar Andrzej Turski, Jolanta Parada-Turska
BACKGROUND: The mechanism of drug resistance in epilepsy remains unknown. Picolinic acid (PIC) is an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway and a chelating agent added to dietary supplements. Both inhibitory and excitatory properties of PIC were reported. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of exogenously applied PIC upon the electroconvulsive threshold and the activity of chemical convulsants in eight models of epilepsy in mice. METHODS: All experiments were performed on adult male Swiss albino mice...
October 12, 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905522/circulating-cell-free-dna-telomere-length-and-bilirubin-in-the-vienna-active-ageing-study-exploratory-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Anela Tosevska, Bernhard Franzke, Marlene Hofmann, Immina Vierheilig, Barbara Schober-Halper, Stefan Oesen, Oliver Neubauer, Barbara Wessner, Karl-Heinz Wagner
Telomere length (TL) in blood cells is widely used in human studies as a molecular marker of ageing. Circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) as well as unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) are dynamic blood constituents whose involvement in age-associated diseases is largely unexplored. To our knowledge, there are no published studies integrating all three parameters, especially in individuals of advanced age. Here we present a secondary analysis from the Vienna Active Aging Study (VAAS), a randomized controlled intervention trial in institutionalized elderly individuals (n = 101)...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
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