Read by QxMD icon Read

gingivectomy and gingivoplasty

Margabandhu Manoj, Renu Garg, Kennedy Babu
Gingival enlargement refers to any increase in the size of normal gingiva. The gingiva may be enlarged in response to various interactions between the host and the environment. It can be of various types including inflammatory, drug induced, associated with systemic disease, neoplastic, false, and idiopathic. Idiopathic gingival enlargement is a rare condition of undetermined etiology. The enlargement can be localized or generalized to entire dentition and is usually associated with the emergence of the teeth into the oral cavity and may regress after extraction...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Arslan Qureshi, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Michael A Pikos, Fawad Javed, Georgios E Romanos
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to review indexed literature and provide an update on the effectiveness of high-frequency radio waves (HRW) application in modern general dentistry procedures. DATA SOURCES: Indexed databases were searched to identify articles that assessed the efficacy of radio waves in dental procedures. RESULTS: Radiosurgery is a refined form of electrosurgery that uses waves of electrons at a radiofrequency ranging between 2 and 4 MHz...
April 28, 2017: Quintessence International
Katarzyna Łazarz-Bartyzel, Katarzyna Gawron, Dagmara Darczuk, Maria Chomyszyn-Gajewska
Gingival fibromatosis is a painless gingival overgrowth. It may result in difficulties with proper dental hygiene keeping, mastication and occlusion. Herein, a case of a 10-year-old patient was described. The patient reported to the Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine of the Jagiellonian University Medical College in Krakow due to the problems with permanent teeth eruption (23-26), chewing and dental hygiene maintaining. Based on medical history, clinical examination, diagnostic tests and histopathological study of gingival tissue biopsies the patient was diagnosed with unilateral idiopathic gingival fibromatosis...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Abhiram Maddi, Leela Subhashini Alluri, Sebastian G Ciancio
Drug-induced gingival overgrowth (DIGO) is an oral clinical manifestation associated with certain medications such as immunosuppressants that are administered to organ transplant patients to prevent graft rejection. In patients with cardiac transplants, management of DIGO is critical. In such patients, plaque biofilm accumulation at the gingival interface might be detrimental as it may lead to transient bacteremia as well as systemic inflammation resulting in thromboembolic events. This case report describes the management of DIGO in a cardiac transplant recipient by change of immunosuppressant medication, non-surgical periodontal therapy and laser-assisted gingivectomy...
July 2015: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology
Verica Pavlic, Nina Zubovic, Sanja Ilic, Tijana Adamovic
Amlodipine is a third generation dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker that is frequently used in therapy of hypertension. Among many side effects, amlodipine has been found associated with gingival overgrowth (GO) which usually occurs within the first three months of starting therapy at a dose of 10 mg/day. However, there are very few reports on amlodipine-induced gingival overgrowth (AIGO) at a lower dose (5 mg/day) and only after short term administration. A 64-year-old male patient with hypertension, who received amlodipine (5 mg/day) for four years, sought medical attention at the Department of Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Institute of Dentistry, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina...
2015: Case Reports in Dentistry
Sabina-Pena-Borges Pego, Ricardo D Coletta, Danilo-Cangussu Mendes, Paulo-Rogério de Faria, Mário R Melo-Filho, Lucas-Rodrigues Alves, Hercílio Martelli-Júnior
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the diagnosis, clinical and microscopic (histopathology and ultrastructural) features and treatment of a new family with hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) and highlights the importance of this genetic condition. STUDY DESIGN: To characterize the pattern of inheritance and the clinical features, members of a new family with HGF were examined. The pedigree was reliably constructed including the four latest generations of family...
March 2015: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Burak Yilmaz, Ulas Oz, Hasan Guney Yilmaz
Amelogenesis imperfecta is a hereditary condition that affects the development of enamel, causing quantity, structural and compositional anomalies that involve all dentitions. Consequently, the effects can extend to both the primary and secondary dentitions. Patients with amelogenesis imperfecta may present with clinical difficulties, such as insufficient crown length, tooth sensitivity and orthodontic discrepancies, all of which can be resolved successfully with an interdisciplinary approach. This case report describes the interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of a 22-year-old patient with amelogenesis imperfecta...
March 2014: New York State Dental Journal
Santhosh Kumar, G Subraya Bhat, K Mahalinga Bhat
OBJECTIVE: To histologically assess and clinically co-relate the effectiveness of cryogen Tetrafluoroethane (TFE) for gingival depigmentation procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve patients having unaesthetic gingival melanin pigmentation were included in the study. Gingival tissues of eight patients having gingival melanin pigmentation undergoing gingivoplasty or gingivectomy for crownlengthening were exposed to the cryogen and this was used for the histological examination...
December 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Mark M Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
Nitin Tomar, Tushika Bansal, Marisha Bhandari, Anamika Sharma
Ensuring clinical success begins with a careful discussion of treatment planning, comprehensively covering all variables in simple to complex cases. Procedures including the crown lengthening surgery, furcation treatment and mucogingival therapy and tooth restoration are essential treatment regimens requiring multifaceted expertise. The interplay of periodontics and restorative dentistry is present at many fronts including the response of the gingival tissue to the restorative preparations. Dental restorations and periodontal health are inseparably interrelated...
July 2013: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
B Shiva Shankar, Ramadevi T, Neetha M S, P Sunil Kumar Reddy, G Saritha, J Muralinath Reddy
It is quite common to note chronic inflammatory Gingival overgrowths during and/or post orthodontic treatment. Sometimes the overgrowths may even potentially complicate and/or interrupt orthodontic treatment. With the introduction of soft tissue lasers these problems can now be addressed more easily. Amongst many LASERS now available in Dentistry DIODE LASERS seem to be most ideal for orthodontic soft tissue applications. As newer treatments herald into minimally invasive techniques, DIODE LASERS are becoming more promising both in patient satisfaction and dentist satisfaction...
February 2013: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
I Onisor, R Pecie, I Chaskelis, I Krejci
AIM: To find the optimal techniques and parameters that enables Er:YAG laser to be used successfully for small intraoral soft tissue interventions, in respect to its cutting and coagulation abilities. CASE REPORT: In vitro pre-tests: 4 different Er:YAG laser units and one CO2 unit as the control were used for incision and coagulation on porcine lower jaws and optimal parameters were established for each type of intervention and each laser unit: energy, frequency, type, pulse duration and distance...
June 2013: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Jan Bellows
Lasers and radiosurgery frequently used in human dentistry are rapidly entering veterinary dental use. The carbon dioxide, diode, and low-level therapy lasers have features including hemostasis control, access to difficult to reach areas, and decreased pain, that make them useful for oral surgery. Periodontal pocket surgery, gingivectomy, gingivoplasty, gingival hyperplasia, operculectomy, tongue surgery, oropharyngeal inflammation therapy, oral mass surgery, crown, and frenectomy laser surgeries are described, including images...
May 2013: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
B K Ramnarayan, Krishna Sowmya, J Rema
Gingival hyperplasia is a rare condition and is of importance for cosmetic and mechanical reasons. Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis, a benign, slow-growing proliferation of the gingival tissues, is genetically heterogeneous. The enlargement is most intense during the eruption of the primary and permanent teeth, and minimal or nondetectable growth is observed in adults. The genetic aspect, clinical feature, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and treatment aspects are reviewed. The purpose of this paper was to report a case of idiopathic gingival fibromatosis in a 13-year-old female who had a negative family history for a similar type of gingival enlargement...
September 2011: Pediatric Dentistry
Antonio Gracco, Stephen Tracey, Luca Lombardo, Giuseppe Siciliani
Today a lot of minor cosmetic surgery operations on the gingiva can easily be carried out directly by the orthodontist with a small quantity of topical anaesthetic and the use of a soft tissue laser. The Diode laser is the most commonly used laser in dentistry for minor surgery to the soft tissues. This kind of laser offers numerous advantages with respect to traditional or electric scalpels. In this article the authors will analyse several typical uses of the diode laser in daily orthodontic practice.
2011: Progress in Orthodontics
Crystal L McIntosh, Shilpa Kolhatkar, James R Winkler, Junu Ojha, Monish Bhola
Increased hormone levels that are present during puberty and pregnancy are associated with localized or generalized gingival enlargement. This article reviews the gingival alterations that can occur during pregnancy and describes a case of generalized severe gingival enlargement associated with pregnancy and its management. A 36-year-old woman had severe bilateral gingival enlargement of short duration. The patient denied taking any medications. The laboratory report revealed no systemic abnormalities; however, the report disclosed that she was pregnant...
November 2010: General Dentistry
Manojkumar Thorat, A R Pradeep, Borse Pallavi
BACKGROUND: This paper is the first-ever report, to our knowledge, of a case of generalized primary gingival pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia(PEH) with significant periodontal findings in a 23-year-old Indian female patient. It explains the need to differentiate PEH from squamous cell carcinoma in diagnosis and treatment planning. The present article also reviews current immunohistologic staining methods used to differentiate PEH from squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: A two-stage surgical approach was used to eliminate the lesion by gingivectomy and gingivoplasty under local anesthesia...
April 2011: Journal of Periodontology
Timothy J Hempton, John T Dominici
BACKGROUND: The authors conducted a literature review regarding the rationale, basic surgical principles, contraindications and wound healing associated with periodontal crown-lengthening surgery. They present a report of a clinical case illustrating crown lengthening with osseous resection. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: The authors evaluated clinical and radiographic studies, as well as literature reviews. They selected only publications that pertained to the surgical exposure of the natural dentition to facilitate restorative therapy, esthetic concerns or both...
June 2010: Journal of the American Dental Association
Shivlal L Vishnoi, Mangesh B Phadnaik
AIM: This article describes the surgical management of a young, female patient with severe gingival enlargement of unknown etiology. BACKGROUND: Gingival enlargement frequently occurs as gingival hyperplasia, representing a reaction to a known stimulus or agent and, histopathologically, implies an increase in both extracellular matrix and cell numbers. The enlargement may range from mild, in which gingival architecture is minimally affected, to severe, in which the gingiva becomes bulbous and covers the clinical crowns of teeth...
2010: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ron Lev, Ofer Moses, Dan Holtzclaw, Haim Tal
BACKGROUND: Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a reactive hyperplastic lesion involving the gingiva or alveolar mucosa consisting of proliferating endothelial cells, a rich capillary bed, chronic inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, and giant cells. After complete clinical removal of PGCG recurrence occurs in about 10% of cases, and may result in an esthetic and functional soft tissue defect. This report describes a surgical procedure involving complete removal of a gingival PGCG in the maxillary esthetic zone and immediate tissue restoration achieving complete gingival augmentation...
July 2010: Journal of Periodontology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"