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Medical school dropout

Sean Esteban McCabe, Christian J Teter, Carol J Boyd, Timothy E Wilens, Ty S Schepis
OBJECTIVE: This study examined prescription drug misuse (PDM), sources of PDM, and substance use disorder (SUD) symptoms as a function of educational status among US young adults based on a large nationally representative sample. METHODS: Data from the 2009-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health came from a sample of 106,845 young adults aged 18-25 years. Respondents were categorized by educational status and PDM, sources of PDM, other substance use, and SUD symptoms, with analyses performed separately for prescription opioids, stimulants, and sedatives/tranquilizers...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Gonzalo Agüero, Soledad Salmain, Belén Manzur, Enrique Berner
INTRODUCTION: The most common painful syndromes (headache, abdominal pain and musculoskeletal pain) develop or worsen during adolescence and are a common reason for consultation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association of age, sex, obesity, pubertal development, schooling level, employment and family structure with consultation for pain in adolescents. POPULATION AND METHODS: Case-control study conducted between February 1st, 2014 and June 30th, 2015...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Hassan Mirza, Emmert Roberts, Mohammed Al-Belushi, Humaid Al-Salti, Amira Al-Hosni, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Samir Al-Adawi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the rising incidence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there is a dearth of studies examining the rate of school dropout and its correlates in non-Western populations. METHODS: Medical records were scrutinized to identify Omani children diagnosed with ADHD from 2006 to 2014 in a tertiary care hospital in Oman. The persistence of ADHD symptoms, school performance and dropout, as well as sociodemographic characteristics were examined...
February 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Madelon K Van der Vlis, Marjolein Lugtenberg, Yvonne T M Vanneste, Wenda Berends, Wico Mulder, Rienke Bannink, Amy Van Grieken, Hein Raat, Marlou L A de Kroon
BACKGROUND: School absenteeism, including medical absenteeism, is associated with early school dropout and may result in physical, mental, social and work-related problems in later life. Especially at intermediate vocational education schools, high rates of medical absenteeism are found. In 2012 the Dutch intervention 'Medical Advice for Sick-reported Students' (MASS), previously developed for pre-vocational secondary education, was adjusted for intermediate vocational education schools...
June 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
Marieke de Visser, Cornelia Fluit, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Roland Laan
In medical school selection, non-cognitive performance in particular correlates with performance in clinical practice. It is arguable, therefore, that selection should focus on non-cognitive aspects despite the predictive value of prior cognitive performance for early medical school performance. The aim of this study at Radboud University Medical Center, the Netherlands, is to determine the effects of admitting students through an autonomous non-cognitive procedure on early medical school performance. We compared their performance to the performance of students selected through an autonomous cognitive selection procedure, enrolling in the Bachelor's curriculum simultaneously...
March 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Yvonne T M Vanneste, Frans J M Feron, Marlieke A W van Mook, Angelique de Rijk
An adequate approach to sickness absence can reduce school dropout which is a major problem in Intermediate Vocational Education (IVE). This practice-based study explores the sickness absence reasons and factors influencing reporting the sickness, from a student's perspective. Semistructured interviews were held until saturation. Data were collected and analysed by a multidisciplinary research team including youth health care physicians working with IVE students. The results show that, according to the students, reasons for sickness reporting were health-related or related to problems at home or in school...
2017: BioMed Research International
Karen M Stegers-Jager, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Axel P N Themmen
Not all students cope successfully with the demands of medical school, and students' struggles may result in study delay or dropout. To prevent these outcomes, medical schools need to identify students who are experiencing academic difficul ties and provide them with timely interventions through access to support programs. Although the importance of early identification and intervention is well recognized, less is known about successful strategies for identifying and supporting struggling students.Building on the literature and their own empirical findings, the authors propose an integrated, school-wide model for medical student success comprising a continuum of academic and behavioral support...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
S M Kuhlmann, M Huss, A Bürger, F Hammerle
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of psychological distress in medical training and later professional life indicate a need for prevention. Different types of intervention were shown to have good effects, but little is known about the relative efficacy of different types of stress management interventions, and methodological limitations have been reported. In order to overcome some of these limitations, the present study aimed at evaluating the effect of a specifically developed mindfulness-based stress prevention training for medical students (MediMind) on measures of distress, coping and psychological morbidity...
December 28, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Lourdes García Murillo, Maria A Ramos-Olazagasti, Salvatore Mannuzza, Francisco Xavier Castellanos, Rachel G Klein
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) predicts homelessness in adulthood, and whether the persistence of childhood ADHD through adolescence influences the likelihood of homelessness. METHOD: A 33-year prospective, controlled, follow-up was performed of clinic-referred, 6- to 12-year-old boys of white ethnicity with ADHD (probands; mean = 8), at a mean age of 41 years (follow-up [FU] = 41). Comparisons, children without ADHD from the same medical center, were matched for age and socioeconomic status (SES)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Manfred Döpfner, Elena Ise, Dieter Breuer, Christiane Rademacher, Tanja Wolff Metternich-Kaizman, Stephanie Schürmann
OBJECTIVE: This study reassessed adolescents and young adults (15-22 years old) who received individually tailored multimodal treatment for ADHD (behavior therapy and/or stimulant medication) during childhood 6 to 12 years after treatment (M = 8.8 years, SD = 1.6). METHOD: All participants (N = 75) provided information about their social functioning. Most parents (83%) completed behavior rating scales. RESULTS: Participants demonstrated significant improvement in behavior during the follow-up period with effect sizes on ADHD symptoms of d = 1...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Guni Kadmon, Martina Kadmon
BACKGROUND: Admission to undergraduate medical training in Germany occurs by central and local pathways. Central admission includes two distinct groups: Students with top school-leaving grades (best-SLG group) and students with inferior school-leaving grades who are admitted with a delay of up to seven years (delayed admission group). Students with academic difficulties and early dropouts are present in both groups. Local admission at our university involves the German Test for Medical Studies (TMS) and allows the admission by merit of students with a wide range of school-leaving grades...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
Yvonne Vanneste, Marlou van de Loo, Frans Feron, Carin Rots-de Vries, Ien van de Goor
BACKGROUND: Reducing school absenteeism benefits the health and educational opportunities of young people. The Dutch intervention Medical Advice for Sick-reported Students (abbreviated as MASS) was developed to address school absenteeism due to sickness reporting, also called medical absenteeism. This study is part of a research project on the effectiveness of MASS and explores factors that influence the implementation and dissemination of the intervention, from schools' perspectives...
2016: PloS One
Margaret B Nguyen, Anthony F Pizon, Charles C Branas, Anthony Fabio
CONTEXT: Medication drug exposures among young children continue to rise despite current poison prevention efforts. These exposures result in increased healthcare utilization and medical costs. New tactics are needed to reduce injuries related to pediatric drug exposures. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify cluster patterns in: (1) calls for pediatric medication drug exposures and (2) a subset of calls that resulted in medical evaluation referrals. We identified and evaluated population characteristics associated with cluster patterns...
2016: Clinical Toxicology
Gwendoline Goossens, Caroline Kadji, Veronique Delvenne
INTRODUCTION: Teen pregnancy remains a public health problem of varying importance in developing and developed countries. There are risks and consequences for teen parents and the child on the medical and socioeconomic level. METHOD: We conducted a literature search on multiple databases, focusing on the risk and the consequences of teen pregnancy and childbearing. We used different combined keywords as teen pregnancy, teen mother, teenage parents, teenage childbearing, teenage mother depression...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
Lotte Dyhrberg O'Neill, Karen Norberg, Maria Thomsen, Rune Dall Jensen, Signe Gjedde Brøndt, Peder Charles, Lene Stouby Mortensen, Mette Krogh Christensen
BACKGROUND: Recent meta-analyses have found small-moderate positive associations between general performance in medical school and postgraduate medical education. In addition, a couple of studies have found an association between poor performance in medical school and disciplinary action against practicing doctors. The aim of this study was to examine if a sample of Danish residents in difficulty tended to struggle already in medical school, and to determine whether administratively observable performance indicators in medical school could predict difficulties in residency...
2014: BMC Medical Education
Maryam Rahbari, Fatemeh Hajnaghizadeh, Behzad Damari, Behzad Adhami
BACKGROUND: Indicators of the level of education are the most important parameters influencing each country's development. Social indicators considered to be a determinant of one's health consists of two constituents namely; (1) Rate of students enrolled in elementary, guidance, secondary and higher education and (2) the rate of adult literacy. This study is aimed to evaluate the situation of school dropouts in Iran, their causes, and appropriate interventions. METHODS: Data were collected through literature review (including published researches and analysis of documents), focus group discussions with the presence of experts from (Department of Community Health, Academy of Medical Sciences) and interviews with stakeholders then these data were classified and presented in three sections namely; current situation, causes and solutions...
November 2014: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to: (i) analyse whether students admitted to one medical school based on top pre-university grades, a voluntary multifaceted selection process, or lottery, respectively, differed in study performance; (ii) examine whether students who were accepted in the multifaceted selection process outperformed their rejected peers, and (iii) analyse whether participation in the multifaceted selection procedure was related to performance. METHODS: We examined knowledge test and professionalism scores, study progress and dropout in three cohorts of medical students admitted to the University of Groningen, the Netherlands in 2009, 2010 and 2011 (n = 1055)...
December 2014: Medical Education
Neely Myers, Sanaa Bhatty, Beth Broussard, Michael T Compton
AIM: Early engagement in care is thought to reduce disabling social losses related to the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), such as school dropout, homelessness, and incarceration, which contribute to chronic disability. Early-intervention services that promote recovery will not be effective if eligible persons drop out of treatment after an initial hospitalization for a psychotic disorder. We had the unique opportunity to examine the treatment disengagement rate of patients with early psychosis after an initial hospitalization...
December 0: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
Ingeborg Heetman, Hans Bosma, Gérard Kuiper, Frans Feron
AIM: School dropout is a multidimensional problem with negative consequences for socio-economic status. Most interventions to reduce school dropout have been implemented in education rather than in preventive healthcare. Our goal was to determine whether measurements used in preventive healthcare surveillance enabled us to detect internalising and externalising problems in relation to later school dropouts. METHODS: Using a case-control design, we compared Dutch dropouts (n = 301) and nondropouts (n = 270), who were aged 18-23 in 2008, by examining their youth healthcare, socio-medical records from birth onwards...
January 2015: Acta Paediatrica
Pollyanna da Fonseca Silva, Germano Silva Moura, Arlene de Jesus Mendes Caldas
This study aimed to analyze the treatment dropout rate for pulmonary tuberculosis and associated factors in Maranhão State, Brazil, from 2001 to 2010. A cross-sectional study used data from the Information System on Notifiable Diseases (SINAN), including 2,850 new smear test-positive cases that were closed due to either medical discharge following cure or treatment dropout. The study variables were age, gender, skin color, years of schooling, HIV status, alcoholism, diabetes, mental illness, and other diseases...
August 2014: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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