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Medical school dropout

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806860/childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-homelessness-a-33-year-follow-up-study
#1
Lourdes García Murillo, Maria A Ramos-Olazagasti, Salvatore Mannuzza, Francisco Xavier Castellanos, Rachel G Klein
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) predicts homelessness in adulthood, and whether the persistence of childhood ADHD through adolescence influences the likelihood of homelessness. METHOD: A 33-year prospective, controlled, follow-up was performed of clinic-referred, 6- to 12-year-old boys of white ethnicity with ADHD (probands; mean = 8), at a mean age of 41 years (follow-up [FU] = 41). Comparisons, children without ADHD from the same medical center, were matched for age and socioeconomic status (SES)...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449186/long-term-course-after-adaptive-multimodal-treatment-for-children-with-adhd-an-8-year-follow-up
#2
Manfred Döpfner, Elena Ise, Dieter Breuer, Christiane Rademacher, Tanja Wolff Metternich-Kaizman, Stephanie Schürmann
OBJECTIVE: This study reassessed adolescents and young adults (15-22 years old) who received individually tailored multimodal treatment for ADHD (behavior therapy and/or stimulant medication) during childhood 6 to 12 years after treatment (M = 8.8 years, SD = 1.6). METHOD: All participants (N = 75) provided information about their social functioning. Most parents (83%) completed behavior rating scales. RESULTS: Participants demonstrated significant improvement in behavior during the follow-up period with effect sizes on ADHD symptoms of d = 1...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26958655/academic-performance-of-students-with-the-highest-and-mediocre-school-leaving-grades-does-the-aptitude-test-for-medical-studies-tms-balance-their-prognoses
#3
Guni Kadmon, Martina Kadmon
BACKGROUND: Admission to undergraduate medical training in Germany occurs by central and local pathways. Central admission includes two distinct groups: Students with top school-leaving grades (best-SLG group) and students with inferior school-leaving grades who are admitted with a delay of up to seven years (delayed admission group). Students with academic difficulties and early dropouts are present in both groups. Local admission at our university involves the German Test for Medical Studies (TMS) and allows the admission by merit of students with a wide range of school-leaving grades...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26845688/attitudes-towards-addressing-medical-absenteeism-of-students-a-qualitative-study-among-principals-and-special-education-needs-coordinators-in-dutch-secondary-schools
#4
Yvonne Vanneste, Marlou van de Loo, Frans Feron, Carin Rots-de Vries, Ien van de Goor
BACKGROUND: Reducing school absenteeism benefits the health and educational opportunities of young people. The Dutch intervention Medical Advice for Sick-reported Students (abbreviated as MASS) was developed to address school absenteeism due to sickness reporting, also called medical absenteeism. This study is part of a research project on the effectiveness of MASS and explores factors that influence the implementation and dissemination of the intervention, from schools' perspectives...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26609895/regional-variations-in-pediatric-medication-exposure-spatial-analysis-of-poison-center-utilization-in-western-pennsylvania
#5
Margaret B Nguyen, Anthony F Pizon, Charles C Branas, Anthony Fabio
CONTEXT: Medication drug exposures among young children continue to rise despite current poison prevention efforts. These exposures result in increased healthcare utilization and medical costs. New tactics are needed to reduce injuries related to pediatric drug exposures. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify cluster patterns in: (1) calls for pediatric medication drug exposures and (2) a subset of calls that resulted in medical evaluation referrals. We identified and evaluated population characteristics associated with cluster patterns...
2016: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26417827/teenage-pregnancy-a-psychopathological-risk-for-mothers-and-babies
#6
REVIEW
Gwendoline Goossens, Caroline Kadji, Veronique Delvenne
INTRODUCTION: Teen pregnancy remains a public health problem of varying importance in developing and developed countries. There are risks and consequences for teen parents and the child on the medical and socioeconomic level. METHOD: We conducted a literature search on multiple databases, focusing on the risk and the consequences of teen pregnancy and childbearing. We used different combined keywords as teen pregnancy, teen mother, teenage parents, teenage childbearing, teenage mother depression...
September 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25551465/residents-in-difficulty-just-slower-learners-a-case-control-study
#7
Lotte Dyhrberg O'Neill, Karen Norberg, Maria Thomsen, Rune Dall Jensen, Signe Gjedde Brøndt, Peder Charles, Lene Stouby Mortensen, Mette Krogh Christensen
BACKGROUND: Recent meta-analyses have found small-moderate positive associations between general performance in medical school and postgraduate medical education. In addition, a couple of studies have found an association between poor performance in medical school and disciplinary action against practicing doctors. The aim of this study was to examine if a sample of Danish residents in difficulty tended to struggle already in medical school, and to determine whether administratively observable performance indicators in medical school could predict difficulties in residency...
2014: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25538835/dropouts-and-social-determinants-of-health-policy-for-the-prevention-of-school-dropout-qualitative-study-of-the-causes-and-interventions
#8
Maryam Rahbari, Fatemeh Hajnaghizadeh, Behzad Damari, Behzad Adhami
BACKGROUND: Indicators of the level of education are the most important parameters influencing each country's development. Social indicators considered to be a determinant of one's health consists of two constituents namely; (1) Rate of students enrolled in elementary, guidance, secondary and higher education and (2) the rate of adult literacy. This study is aimed to evaluate the situation of school dropouts in Iran, their causes, and appropriate interventions. METHODS: Data were collected through literature review (including published researches and analysis of documents), focus group discussions with the presence of experts from (Department of Community Health, Academy of Medical Sciences) and interviews with stakeholders then these data were classified and presented in three sections namely; current situation, causes and solutions...
November 2014: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25413913/selection-and-study-performance-comparing-three-admission-processes-within-one-medical-school
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nienke R Schripsema, Anke M van Trigt, Jan C C Borleffs, Janke Cohen-Schotanus
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to: (i) analyse whether students admitted to one medical school based on top pre-university grades, a voluntary multifaceted selection process, or lottery, respectively, differed in study performance; (ii) examine whether students who were accepted in the multifaceted selection process outperformed their rejected peers, and (iii) analyse whether participation in the multifaceted selection procedure was related to performance. METHODS: We examined knowledge test and professionalism scores, study progress and dropout in three cohorts of medical students admitted to the University of Groningen, the Netherlands in 2009, 2010 and 2011 (n = 1055)...
December 2014: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25367162/clinical-correlates-of-initial-treatment-disengagement-in-first-episode-psychosis
#10
Neely Myers, Sanaa Bhatty, Beth Broussard, Michael Compton
Aim: Early engagement in care is thought to reduce disabling social losses related to the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), such as school dropout, homelessness, and incarceration, which contribute to chronic disability. Early intervention services that promote recovery will not be effective if eligible persons drop out of treatment after an initial hospitalization for a psychotic disorder. We had the unique opportunity to examine the treatment disengagement rate of patients with early psychosis after an initial hospitalization...
November 3, 2014: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25348862/preventive-healthcare-surveillance-can-detect-emerging-behavioural-problems-that-are-related-to-later-school-dropouts
#11
Ingeborg Heetman, Hans Bosma, Gérard Kuiper, Frans Feron
AIM: School dropout is a multidimensional problem with negative consequences for socio-economic status. Most interventions to reduce school dropout have been implemented in education rather than in preventive healthcare. Our goal was to determine whether measurements used in preventive healthcare surveillance enabled us to detect internalising and externalising problems in relation to later school dropouts. METHODS: Using a case-control design, we compared Dutch dropouts (n = 301) and nondropouts (n = 270), who were aged 18-23 in 2008, by examining their youth healthcare, socio-medical records from birth onwards...
January 2015: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25210913/-factors-associated-with-pulmonary-tb-treatment-dropout-in-maranh%C3%A3-o-state-brazil-from-2001-to-2010
#12
Pollyanna da Fonseca Silva, Germano Silva Moura, Arlene de Jesus Mendes Caldas
This study aimed to analyze the treatment dropout rate for pulmonary tuberculosis and associated factors in Maranhão State, Brazil, from 2001 to 2010. A cross-sectional study used data from the Information System on Notifiable Diseases (SINAN), including 2,850 new smear test-positive cases that were closed due to either medical discharge following cure or treatment dropout. The study variables were age, gender, skin color, years of schooling, HIV status, alcoholism, diabetes, mental illness, and other diseases...
August 2014: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24872856/predictive-value-of-the-school-leaving-grade-and-prognosis-of-different-admission-groups-for-academic-performance-and-continuity-in-the-medical-course-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Guni Kadmon, Franz Resch, Roman Duelli, Martina Kadmon
BACKGROUND: The school-leaving GPA and the time since completion of secondary education are the major criteria for admission to German medical schools. However, the predictive value of the school-leaving grade and the admission delay have not been thoroughly examined since the amendment of the Medical Licensing Regulations and the introduction of reformed curricula in 2002. Detailed information on the prognosis of the different admission groups is also missing. AIM: To examine the predictive values of the school-leaving grade and the age at enrolment for academic performance and continuity throughout the reformed medical course...
2014: GMS Zeitschrift Für Medizinische Ausbildung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24644486/mental-health-of-dubai-medical-college-students
#14
Jamshid Ahmadi, Mohammed Galal Ahmed, Fatehia Ali Bayoumi, Abeer Abdul Moneenum, Haya Alshawa
OBJECTIVE: Considering the association between medical school dropout and psychiatric distress, we aimed to assess the prevalence of psychiatric distress among medical students at Dubai Medical College. METHODS: One hundred and three medical students were chosen randomly and were assessed by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). RESULTS: The mean age for the students was 18.85 year (Minimum: 17, Maximum: 22), and 90.3% were between 18 and 20 years old...
2012: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24550161/digital-asthma-self-management-interventions-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Deborah Morrison, Sally Wyke, Karolina Agur, Euan J Cameron, Robert I Docking, Alison M Mackenzie, Alex McConnachie, Vandana Raghuvir, Neil C Thomson, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Many people with asthma tolerate symptoms and lifestyle limitations unnecessarily by not utilizing proven therapies. Better support for self-management is known to improve asthma control, and increasingly the Internet and other digital media are being used to deliver that support. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to summarize current knowledge, evidenced through existing systematic reviews, of the effectiveness and implementation of digital self-management support for adults and children with asthma and to examine what features help or hinder the use of these programs...
2014: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24480230/home-school-dropout-a-twenty-year-experience-of-the-matriculation-of-categorical-general-surgery-residents
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
John L Falcone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24250325/perceptions-and-preferences-of-medical-students-regarding-teaching-methods-in-a-medical-college-mangalore-india
#17
K M Papanna, V Kulkarni, D Tanvi, V Lakshmi, L Kriti, B Unnikrishnan, S Akash, S Tejesh, S Sumit Kumar
INTRODUCTION: In the complex setting of a medical school it becomes essential to utilize an approach to teaching and learning that is best suited to the needs of the students. In developing countries like India, where there is an exponential increase of institutions catering to medical students, it becomes a challenge to teach to large number of students per class. Hence, research is needed to identify the needs of students in relation to their day to day learning activities. OBJECTIVES: To understand the preferences and perception of medical students about the current methods of teaching, aids used for teaching and also identify barriers in learning as perceived by the students...
September 2013: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24248009/career-intentions-and-dropout-causes-among-medical-students-in-kazakhstan
#18
Kamila Faizullina, Galina Kausova, Zhanna Kalmataeva, Ardak Nurbakyt, Saule Buzdaeva
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The number of new entrants to higher medical schools of Kazakhstan increased by 1.6 times from 2007 to 2012. However, it is not known how it will affect the shortage of human resources for health. Additionally, human resources for health in rural areas of Kazakhstan are 4 times scarcer than in urban areas. The aim of the present study was to investigate the intentions of students toward their professional future and readiness to work in rural areas, as well as to determine the causes for dropping out from medical schools...
2013: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23630147/impact-of-extended-course-duration-and-stricter-study-organization-on-attrition-and-academic-performance-of-medical-students
#19
Roberta Andrea Tešija, Silvija Maslov Kružičević, Adriana Banožić, Carlos David Esteban, Damir Sapunar, Livia Puljak
AIM: To assess whether extended medical school duration, block/modular structure of subjects, not allowing students to transfer exams into the higher course year, and curriculum implementation in line with the Bologna Accord are associated with lower attrition and better academic outcomes of medical students. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated curricula at the University of Split School of Medicine and academic outcomes of 2301 medical students during a 33-year period (1979-2011)...
April 2013: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23477469/academic-and-non-academic-selection-criteria-in-predicting-medical-school-performance
#20
Louise C Urlings-Strop, Karen M Stegers-Jager, Theo Stijnen, Axel P N Themmen
BACKGROUND: A two-step selection procedure, consisting of a non-academic and an academic step, was recently shown to select students with a 2.6 times lower risk of early dropout and a higher clerkship Grade Point Average (GPA) than lottery-admitted controls. AIM: To determine the relative contribution of the non-academic and academic steps to differences found in student performance. METHOD: Lottery-admitted students (n = 653) and three groups of selection procedure participants were compared on early dropout rate and clerkship GPA: (1) all participants (n = 1676), (2) participants who passed step 1, and (3) participants who passed step 2...
June 2013: Medical Teacher
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