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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885639/cosmopolitanism-and-the-relevance-of-zombie-concepts-the-case-of-anomic-suicide-amongst-alevi-kurd-youth
#1
Umit Cetin
Against Beck's claims that conventional sociological concepts and categories are zombie categories, this paper argues that Durkheim's theoretical framework in which suicide is a symptom of an anomic state of society can help us understand the diversity of trajectories that transnational migrants follow and that shape their suicide rates within a cosmopolitan society. Drawing on ethnographic data collected on eight suicides and three attempted suicide cases of second-generation male Alevi Kurdish migrants living in London, this article explains the impact of segmented assimilation/adaptation trajectories on the incidence of suicide and how their membership of a 'new rainbow underclass', as a manifestation of cosmopolitan society, is itself an anomic social position with a lack of integration and regulation...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877000/psychiatric-aspects-of-toxoplasmosis-an-indian-perspective
#2
Ajish G Mangot
Toxoplasma gondii is one of the well-studied parasites because of its medical and veterinary importance, and its suitability as a model for cell biology and molecular studies. Latent toxoplasmosis in an immunocompetent host was considered benign until recently. The importance of this parasite has been steadily rising in the field of psychiatry and neurology as it has been implicated in numerous neuropsychiatric disorders. Researchers in India have unfortunately restricted themselves to finding the prevalence of toxoplasma antibodies in special populations and animals...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837014/concerns-with-entertainment-education-zombie-pandemic-preparedness-and-the-unanticipated-promotion-of-a-weapons-culture
#3
Frank Houghton, Jeremy Toms, Ghazal Meratnia, Krista Loney, Edward Hopkins, Katie Del Monte
Entertainment-education has proved to be an engaging medium through which to explore health and social issues in populations. Given the popularity of the zombie theme in popular culture it is no surprise therefore that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adopted this theme in an effort to engage youth and young adults in emergency preparedness. However, an earlier observational study involving elementary school children based on this premise raised concerns that it may have unexpectedly promoted a focus on firearms...
November 10, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835992/the-evolving-world-of-pseudoenzymes-proteins-prejudice-and-zombies
#4
Patrick A Eyers, James M Murphy
Pseudoenzymes are catalytically deficient variants of enzymes that are represented in all major enzyme families. Their regulatory functions in signalling pathways are shedding new light on the non-catalytic functions of active enzymes, and are suggesting new ways to target cellular signalling mechanisms with drugs.
November 11, 2016: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768994/creating-visual-differences-methamphetamine-users-perceptions-of-anti-meth-campaigns
#5
Whitney Marsh, Heith Copes, Travis Linnemann
BACKGROUND: Because of increased law enforcement and subsequent media attention, methamphetamine users appear in the public's imagination as diseased, zombie-like White trash. We explore methamphetamine users' perceptions about whether the images, people, and situations in anti-methamphetamine campaigns reflect their own lives and experiences using meth. METHODS: To explore these perceptions, we used photo-elicitation interviews with 47 people who used methamphetamine (30 former and 17 active)...
October 18, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671710/unlocking-the-black-box-teaching-mathematical-modeling-with-popular-culture
#6
Eric T Lofgren
Mathematical modeling is an important tool in biological research, allowing for the synthesis of results from many studies into an understanding of a system. Despite this, the need for extensive subject matter knowledge and complex mathematics often leaves modeling as an esoteric subspecialty. A 2-fold approach can be used to make modeling more approachable for students and those interested in obtaining a functional knowledge of modeling. The first is the use of a popular culture disease system-a zombie epidemic-to allow for exploration of the concepts of modeling using a flexible framework...
October 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667859/conscious-action-zombie-action
#7
Joshua Shepherd
I argue that the neural realizers of experiences of trying (that is, experiences of directing effort towards the satisfaction of an intention) are not distinct from the neural realizers of actual trying (that is, actual effort directed towards the satisfaction of an intention). I then ask how experiences of trying might relate to the perceptual experiences one has while acting. First, I assess recent zombie action arguments regarding conscious visual experience, and I argue that contrary to what some have claimed, conscious visual experience plays a causal role for action control in some circumstances...
June 2016: Noûs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659724/waking-the-undead-implications-of-a-soft-explosive-model-for-the-timing-of-placental-mammal-diversification
#8
Mark S Springer, Christopher A Emerling, Robert W Meredith, Jan E Janečka, Eduardo Eizirik, William J Murphy
The explosive, long fuse, and short fuse models represent competing hypotheses for the timing of placental mammal diversification. Support for the explosive model, which posits both interordinal and intraordinal diversification after the KPg mass extinction, derives from morphological cladistic studies that place Cretaceous eutherians outside of crown Placentalia. By contrast, most molecular studies favor the long fuse model wherein interordinal cladogenesis occurred in the Cretaceous followed by intraordinal cladogenesis after the KPg boundary...
September 19, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621499/pharmacy-and-the-zombie-apocalypse
#9
EDITORIAL
Danial E Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559055/zombie-tapeworms-in-late-capitalism-accelerating-clinical-and-reproductive-labour-in-mira-grant-s-parasitology-trilogy
#10
Stina Attebery
Biomedicine is increasingly shaped by the speculative economical values of neoliberal capitalism. A key feature of this new bioeconomical regime is the patenting and circulation of organisms and tissue samples, allowing rapid commercialisation of bacterial, animal and human biomedical materials. When thinking about this trend towards commercialisation, we must consider the ways by which biomedicine has been shaped by economics to better address these exploitative relationships between medical researchers and subjects...
August 24, 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504811/the-zombie-plot-a-simple-graphic-method-for-visualizing-the-efficacy-of-a-diagnostic-test
#11
Michael L Richardson
OBJECTIVE: One of the most important jobs of a radiologist is to pick the most appropriate imaging test for a particular clinical situation. Making a proper selection sometimes requires statistical analysis. The objective of this article is to introduce a simple graphic technique, an ROC plot that has been divided into zones of mostly bad imaging efficacy (ZOMBIE, hereafter referred to as the "zombie plot"), that transforms information about imaging efficacy from the numeric domain into the visual domain...
August 9, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459573/zombie-neuroscience
#12
Christie Wilcox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27131331/from-so-simple-a-beginning-the-evolution-of-behavioral-manipulation-by-fungi
#13
D P Hughes, J P M Araújo, R G Loreto, L Quevillon, C de Bekker, H C Evans
Parasites can manipulate the behavior of their hosts in ways that increase either their direct fitness or transmission to new hosts. The Kingdom Fungi have evolved a diverse array of strategies to manipulate arthropod behavior resulting in some of the most complex and impressive examples of behavioral manipulation by parasites. Here we provide an overview of these different interactions and discuss them from an evolutionary perspective. We discuss parasite manipulation within the context of Niko Tinbergen's four questions (function, phylogeny, causation, and ontogeny) before detailing the proximate mechanisms by which fungi control arthropod behavior and the evolutionary pathways to such adaptations...
2016: Advances in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127250/david-mechanic-professional-zombie-hunter
#14
Frederic W Hafferty, Jon Tilburt
Within the fields of medicine and sociology, the descriptor "profession" (along with its brethren: profession, professionalization, and professionalism) has had a rich etymological history, with terms taking on different meanings at different times-sometimes trespassing into shibboleth and jargon. This etymological journey has co-evolved with the career of David Mechanic to whom this issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law is devoted. We exploit a provocative metaphor applied to Mechanic's work on the challenges facing medicine as a profession as a playful exegesis on what we call "profession" to excavate an ensconced and encrusted domain of health jargon operating at the tensive interface of society and modern medical work...
August 2016: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27047611/equations-of-the-end-teaching-mathematical-modeling-using-the-zombie-apocalypse
#15
Eric T Lofgren, Kristy M Collins, Tara C Smith, Reed A Cartwright
Mathematical models of infectious diseases are a valuable tool in understanding the mechanisms and patterns of disease transmission. It is, however, a difficult subject to teach, requiring both mathematical expertise and extensive subject-matter knowledge of a variety of disease systems. In this article, we explore several uses of zombie epidemics to make mathematical modeling and infectious disease epidemiology more accessible to public health professionals, students, and the general public. We further introduce a web-based simulation, White Zed (http://cartwrig...
March 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968492/what-can-vampires-teach-us-about-immunology
#16
David S Schneider
Speculative fiction examines the leading edge of science and can be used to introduce ideas into the classroom. For example, most students are already familiar with the fictional infectious diseases responsible for vampire and zombie outbreaks. The disease dynamics of these imaginary ailments follow the same rules we see for real diseases and can be used to remind students that they already understand the basic rules of disease ecology and immunology. By engaging writers of this sort of fiction in an effort to solve problems in immunology we may be able to perform a directed evolution experiment where we follow the evolution of plots rather than genetic traits...
April 2016: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881988/from-outgroups-to-allied-forces-effect-of-intergroup-cooperation-in-violent-and-nonviolent-video-games-on-boosting-favorable-outgroup-attitudes
#17
Paul J C Adachi, Gordon Hodson, Teena Willoughby, Carolyn Blank, Alexandra Ha
Here we addressed whether even violent video games can improve intergroup attitudes if played cooperatively with an outgroup, in keeping with the Contact Hypothesis. In addition, we examined potential mechanisms of this effect. In Experiment 1 (N = 77), Canadians played a violent video game (Call of Duty: Black Ops) against zombies, either cooperatively or independently (i.e., at the same time but solo) with a (supposed) University of Buffalo participant. As expected, cooperative (vs. solo) play significantly improved outgroup attitudes and pro-outgroup participant behavior, effects explained by heightened 1-group recategorization (i...
March 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26651738/you-can-run-you-can-hide-the-epidemiology-and-statistical-mechanics-of-zombies
#18
Alexander A Alemi, Matthew Bierbaum, Christopher R Myers, James P Sethna
We use a popular fictional disease, zombies, in order to introduce techniques used in modern epidemiology modeling, and ideas and techniques used in the numerical study of critical phenomena. We consider variants of zombie models, from fully connected continuous time dynamics to a full scale exact stochastic dynamic simulation of a zombie outbreak on the continental United States. Along the way, we offer a closed form analytical expression for the fully connected differential equation, and demonstrate that the single person per site two dimensional square lattice version of zombies lies in the percolation universality class...
2015: Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26556937/zombie-apocalypse-can-the-undead-teach-the-living-how-to-survive-an-emergency
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marjorie Kruvand, Fred B Bryant
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether or not CDC's zombie apocalypse campaign had the ability to achieve the agency's goals of educating young people about emergency preparedness and prompting them to get ready by developing an emergency kit and plan. While the campaign was extremely popular, we examined the question of whether the campaign had the capability to translate into knowledge and action. METHODS: We conducted an online experiment with 340 undergraduate students divided randomly into two groups...
November 2015: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26463218/did-convergent-protein-evolution-enable-phytoplasmas-to-generate-zombie-plants
#20
REVIEW
Florian Rümpler, Lydia Gramzow, Günter Theißen, Rainer Melzer
Phytoplasmas are pathogenic bacteria that reprogram plant development such that leaf-like structures instead of floral organs develop. Infected plants are sterile and mainly serve to propagate phytoplasmas and thus have been termed 'zombie plants'. The developmental reprogramming relies on specific interactions of the phytoplasma protein SAP54 with a small subset of MADS-domain transcription factors. Here, we propose that SAP54 folds into a structure that is similar to that of the K-domain, a protein-protein interaction domain of MADS-domain proteins...
December 2015: Trends in Plant Science
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