keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Injury reduction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822927/comparative-ozone-responses-of-cutleaf-coneflowers-rudbeckia-laciniata-var-digitata-var-ampla-from-rocky-mountain-and-great-smoky-mountains-national-parks-usa
#1
Howard S Neufeld, Jennifer Johnson, Robert Kohut
Cutleaf coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata L. var. digitata) is native to Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GRSM) and an ozone bioindicator species. Variety ampla, whose ozone sensitivity is less well known, is native to Rocky Mountain National Park (ROMO). In the early 2000s, researchers found putative ozone symptoms on var. ampla and rhizomes were sent to Appalachian State University to verify that the symptoms were the result of ozone exposure. In 2011, potted plants were exposed to ambient ozone from May to August...
August 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822808/bml-111-equilibrated-ace-angii-at1r-and-ace2-ang-1-7-mas-axis-to-protect-hepatic-fibrosis-in-rats
#2
Quandong Hu, Zhenzhen Hu, Qiongfeng Chen, Yonghong Huang, Zi Mao, Fangyun Xu, Xiaoyan Zhou
BACKGROUND: It was recently reported Lipoxins (LXs) had protective effects on fibrous diseases, and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) had played vital and bidirectional roles in hepatic fibrosis. In this paper, a hepatic fibrosis model, induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCL4) in rats, was used to observe the relations between RAAS and LXs, as well as to further explore the alternative anti-fibrosis mechanisms of LXs. METHODS: The model was evaluated by morphological observations and biochemical assays...
August 16, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822391/the-impact-of-hemodynamic-transesophageal-echocardiography-on-the-use-of-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-in-trauma
#3
Madison Griffin, Brett Howard, Sam Devictor, Josh Ferenczy, Frances Cobb, D Benjamin Christie
Post-traumatic fluid management is a widely debated topic. No best-practice consensus exists. Adverse outcomes such as acute kidney injury or volume overload are common. Continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) is an adjunct therapy for severe acute renal failure and volume overload, but is costly and not without risk. Hemodynamic transesophageal echocardiography (hTEE) is widely accepted as a reliable way to monitor volume status of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Although data exist evaluating hTEE and CRRT independently, there is a lack of research mutually inclusive of the two...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822225/altered-thymocyte-and-t-cell-development-in-neonatal-mice-with-hyperoxia-induced-lung-injury
#4
Sowmya Angusamy, Tamer Mansour, Mohammed Abdulmageed, Rachel Han, Brian C Schutte, John LaPres, Jack R Harkema, Said A Omar
BACKGROUND: The adaptive immune system of neonates is relatively underdeveloped. The thymus is an essential organ for adaptive T cell development and might be affected during the natural course of oxygen induced lung injury. The effect of prolonged hyperoxia on the thymus, thymocyte and T cell development, and its proliferation has not been studied extensively. METHODS: Neonatal mice were exposed to 85% oxygen (hyperoxia) or room air (normoxia) up to 28 days. Flow cytometry using surface markers were used to assay for thymocyte development and proliferation...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821470/design-of-the-drepagreffe-trial-a-prospective-controlled-multicenter-study-evaluating-the-benefit-of-genoidentical-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-over-chronic-transfusion-in-sickle-cell-anemia-children-detected-to-be-at-risk-of-stroke-by-transcranial
#5
Sylvie Chevret, Suzanne Verlhac, Elisabeth Ducros-Miralles, Jean-Hugues Dalle, Regis Peffault de Latour, Mariane de Montalembert, Malika Benkerrou, Corinne Pondarré, Isabelle Thuret, Corinne Guitton, Emmanuelle Lesprit, Maryse Etienne-Julan, Gisèle Elana, Jean-Pierre Vannier, Patrick Lutz, Bénédicte Neven, Claire Galambrun, Catherine Paillard, Camille Runel, Charlotte Jubert, Cécile Arnaud, Annie Kamdem, Valentine Brousse, Florence Missud, Marie Petras, Lydia Doumdo-Divialle, Claire Berger, Françoise Fréard, Olivier Taieb, Elise Drain, Monique Elmaleh, Manuela Vasile, Yacine Khelif, Myriam Bernaudin, Philippe Chadebech, France Pirenne, Gérard Socié, Françoise Bernaudin
BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) have an 11% risk of stroke by the age of 18. Chronic transfusion applied in patients detected to be at risk by transcranial Doppler allows a significant reduction of stroke risk. However, chronic transfusion exposes to several adverse events, including alloimmunization and iron overload, and is not curative. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation allows termination of the transfusion program, but its benefit has not been demonstrated...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820647/acute-fatigue-negatively-affects-risk-factors-for-injury-in-trained-but-not-well-trained-habitually-shod-runners-when-running-barefoot
#6
Nicholas Tam, Devon R Coetzee, Safwaan Ahmed, Robert P Lamberts, Yumna Albertus-Kajee, Ross Tucker
INTRODUCTION: Many factors may contribute to running-related injury. These include fatigue and footwear, the combination of which has rarely been studied, in particular with reference to barefoot running, recently advocated as a method to reduce injury risk. METHODS: Twenty-two runners (12 well-trained and 10 trained) participated in a 10 km fatiguing trial. Knee and ankle joint kinematics and kinetics and electromyography were assessed during overground running in the barefoot and shod condition...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820276/attenuation%C3%A2-of-sulfite-induced-testicular-injury-in-rats-by-zingiber-officinale-roscoe
#7
Akbar Afkhami Fathabad, Shahnaz Shekarforoush, Maryam Hoseini, Zahra Ebrahimi
Sulfite salts, including sodium metabisulfte, are widely used as preservatives in foods and pharmaceutical agents. Previous studies suggest that oxidative stress may be an important mediator of testicular injury. The present study was designed to elucidate the effect of exposure to sodium metabisulfite by gavage without or with Zingiber officinale (ginger) extract on the rat testes. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control, ginger-treated (500 mg/kg/day), sodium metabisulfite- (SMB-) treated (260 mg/kg/day), and SMB + ginger- (SZ-) treated groups...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819637/cigarette-smoking-and-its-hazards-in-kidney-transplantation
#8
REVIEW
Muhammad Abdul Mabood Khalil, Jackson Tan, Said Khamis, Muhammad AshhadUllah Khalil, Rabeea Azmat, Arslan Rahat Ullah
Cigarette smoking affects many organs. It causes vasoconstriction through activation of sympathetic nervous system which leads to elevation of blood pressure and reduction in glomerular filtration rate and filtration pressure. It also causes thickening of renal arterioles. Cigarette smoking increases the risk of microalbuminuria and accelerates progression of microalbuminuria to macroalbuminuria. Furthermore, it causes rapid loss of glomerular filtration rate in chronic kidney disease patients. After kidney donation, these factors may be injurious to the solitary kidney...
2017: Advances in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819614/acute-compartment-syndrome-after-an-olecranon-fracture-in-a-patient-with-mild-hemophilia-b
#9
John M Reynolds, Christy Christophersen, Mary K Mulcahey
INTRODUCTION: Compartment syndrome is a serious condition characterized by compartmental pressures within 20 mmHg of diastolic blood pressure, or clinical signs of pain, paresthesia, pallor, and lack of pulses. Often a surgical intervention is necessary. Increased surveillance for compartment syndrome is important when a patient with a bleeding disorder sustains a traumatic injury. CASE REPORT: We present a case of forearm compartment syndrome in a patient with mild hemophilia B who sustained an olecranon fracture...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819612/uncommon-floating-knee-in-a-teenager-a-case-report-of-ipsilateral-physeal-fractures-in-distal-femur-and-proximal-tibia
#10
Youssef Othman, Lassaad Hassini, Aymen Fekih, Issam Aloui, Abderrazek Abid
INTRODUCTION: The concomitance of ipsilateral physeal fractures of the distal femur and the proximal tibia is an extremely scarce entity. It is conceptually similar to floating knee in the pediatric population. CASE REPORT: One case with this injury is reported in a 16-year-old teenager. He was treated surgically by close reduction and internal fixation. The diagnosis of the tibial fracture was initially missed, and the fracture was seen on the post-operative radiographs...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819610/a-rare-case-of-massive-rotator-cuff-tear-and-biceps-tendon-rupture-with-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-in-a-young-adult-surgical-decision-making-and-outcome
#11
En Loong Soon, Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
INTRODUCTION: Massive rotator cuff tears (RCTs) in the context of shoulder dislocations are relatively uncommon in the young adult (<40 years) and if reported are more commonly described in association with acute traumatic anterior glenohumeral dislocations. They have rarely been described with posterior dislocations, regardless of patient age. This is the 1(st) case reported in the context of posterior dislocations, where a triad of biceps tendon rupture, posterior dislocation, and RCTs was observed during surgery...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819593/an-isolated-pure-dislocation-of-fifth-carpometacarpal-joint-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#12
Rashid Anjum, Amit Roy, Kamran Farooque, Vijay Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Isolated pure dislocation of the fifth carpometacarpal (CMC) joint is a very rare injury and classified depending on displacement of the metacarpal base. This rare injury is often difficult to recognize and is liable to be overlooked. The purpose of this case report is to present a patient with an isolated dislocation of the fifth CMC joint that was satisfactorily treated with closed reduction and ulnar gutter pop slab. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old male presented with severe pain on the right carpus following a fall with injury to right hand...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819590/minimally-invasive-total-hip-replacement-in-an-ipsilateral-post-traumatic-above-knee-amputation-a-case-report
#13
Sanjeev Patnaik, Biswaranjan Nayak, Akshaya Kumar Sahoo, Nabin Kumar Sahu
INTRODUCTION: Total hip replacement (THR) is a highly successful operation in alleviating pain and improving the overall function of the hip, in end-stage arthritis of the hip, in otherwise fit patients. However, THR as a surgical option in post-traumatic hip arthritis with ipsilateral above-knee amputation is rarely reported. CASE REPORT: We are presenting a case report of a 30-year-old male, who had previously underwent an above-knee amputation due to road-traffic accident, presenting 24 h after the injury with segmental fracture femur and popliteal artery laceration, for which the limb could not be salvaged...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819541/mortality-among-5-17-year-old-children-in-kenya
#14
Bonface Ombaba Osano, Fred Were, Shanaaz Mathews
INTRODUCTION: Global mortality trends have changed over time and are expected to continue changing with a reduction in communicable diseases and an increase of non-communicable disease. Increased survival of children beyond five years may change mortality patterns for these children. There are few studies in Africa that explore the causes of mortality in children over five years. The objective of this study was to determine the mortality rate and clinical profiles of children aged 5-17 years who died in six Kenyan hospitals in 2013...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819519/simultaneous-ipsilateral-fractures-of-distal-and-proximal-ends-of-the-radius
#15
Khalid Ibn El Kadi, Mounir Benabid, Sarr Saliou, Oussama El Assil, Amine Marzouki, Kamal Lahrach, Fawzi Boutayeb
We treated a patient with a rare combination of ipsilateral fractures of the distal and proximal ends of the radius. A man aged 42 years had simultaneous fractures of the distal and proximal ends of the radius (radial neck) following a roadside accident. The distal end fracture of the radius was treated with surgical reduction and T-plate volar fixation, and the undisplaced radial neck fracture was treated by an above elbow splintage for 2 weeks. The elbow mobilization was started at 2 weeks. The distal radius was protected for another 4 weeks in a below elbow functional brace...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819468/paediatric-fractures-in-a-sub-saharan-tertiary-care-center-a-cohort-analysis-of-demographic-characteristics-clinical-presentation-therapeutic-patterns-and-outcomes
#16
Marc Leroy Guifo, Joel Noutakdie Tochie, Blondel Nana Oumarou, Jean Roger Moulion Tapouh, Aristide Guy Bang, Aurelien Ndoumbe, Bonaventure Jemea, Maurice Aurelien Sosso
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric fractures are often of good prognosis due to auto-correction of insufficient fracture reduction by bone remodeling. In sub-Saharan Africa, traditional healers are renowned for managing fractures and there is a neglect for specialized pediatric fracture care. We aimed to determine the demographic characteristics, clinical presentation, treatment patterns and outcomes of paediatric fractures in a tertiary health care centre in Yaoundé. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of all consenting consecutive cases of fractures in patients younger than 16 years managed between January 2011 and June 2015 at the University Teaching Hospital, Cameroon...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818731/association-between-severities-of-striae-gravidarum-and-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries-oasis
#17
Ofra Halperin, Anita Noble, Shosh Balachsan, Ester Klug, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer
OBJECTIVES: to examine the association between the severities of Striae Gravidarum (SG) and Obstetric Anal Sphincter Injuries (OASIS) and to measure the symptoms regarding urinary incontinence, fecal/flatus incontinence, and dyspareunia, at 6 and 12 months postpartum. DESIGN: this is a cohort study. SETTING: four university teaching medical centers in Israel, two in the north and two in the center of the country. PARTICIPANTS: women with OASIS were interviewed and assessed for SG...
August 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818681/sanction-changes-and-drunk-driving-injuries-deaths-in-taiwan
#18
Yun-Shan Chan, Chin-Shyan Chen, Lanying Huang, Yu-I Peng
Driving under the influence (DUI) is one of the major causes of traffic accidents in Taiwan. About 5% of injuries involve DUI, and nearly 20% of deaths are due to alcohol-related crashes. During early 2006 to the end of 2014, the authorities in Taiwan increased the severity of fine and jail penalties for DUI offenders three times. At the same time, the monthly drunk-driving injures decreased nearly 40% and the monthly alcohol-related traffic death dropped more than 80%. In this paper, we examine the effects of sanction changes on the reduction of drunk-driving casualties during this period...
August 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818523/cognitive-impairments-and-subjective-cognitive-complaints-after-survival-of-cardiac-arrest-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Catherine V M Steinbusch, Caroline M van Heugten, Sascha M C Rasquin, Jeanine A Verbunt, Véronique R M Moulaert
BACKGROUND: Cardiac arrest can lead to hypoxic brain injury, which can affect cognitive functioning. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the course of objective and subjective cognitive functioning and their association during the first year after cardiac arrest. METHODS: A multi-centre prospective longitudinal cohort study with one year follow-up (measurements at two weeks, three months and one year). Cognitive functioning was measured with a neuropsychological test battery and subjective cognitive functioning with the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818266/microrna-93-elevation-after-myocardial-infarction-is-cardiac-protective
#20
Kai Li, Tao Lin, Lingdan Chen, Neng Wang
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is one of the most serious diseases that endangers human health worldwide, myocardial infarction (MI) is an acute form of CAD. Recent developments in MI therapies have resulted in significant reductions in mortality. However, subsequent chronic congestive heart failure and ventricle remodeling plagues an increasing number of MI patients. MicroRNAs (miR) have been reported to be involved in the process of cardiac remodeling, a recent study shows that miR-93 is elevated in the blood of CAD patients...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
keyword
keyword
32417
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"