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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145050/can-farmers-mitigate-environmental-impacts-through-combined-production-of-food-fuel-and-feed-a-consequential-life-cycle-assessment-of-integrated-mixed-crop-livestock-system-with-a-green-biorefinery
#1
Ranjan Parajuli, Tommy Dalgaard, Morten Birkved
This study evaluates environmental impacts of an integrated mixed crop-livestock system with a green biorefinery (GBR). System integration included production of feed crops and green biomasses (Sys-I) to meet the demand of a livestock system (Sys-III) and to process green biomasses in a GBR system (Sys-II). Processing of grass-clover to produce feed protein was considered in Sys-II, particularly to substitute the imported soybean meal. Waste generated from the livestock and GBR systems were considered for the conversion to biomethane (Sys-IV)...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126661/a-supermarket-double-dollar-incentive-program-increases-purchases-of-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables-among-low-income-families-with-children-the-healthy-double-study
#2
Michele Polacsek, Alyssa Moran, Anne N Thorndike, Rebecca Boulos, Rebecca L Franckle, Julie C Greene, Dan J Blue, Jason P Block, Eric B Rimm
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a pilot study to determine whether a supermarket double-dollar fruit and vegetable (F&V) incentive increases F&V purchases among low-income families. DESIGN: Randomized controlled design. Purchases were tracked using a loyalty card that provided participants with a 5% discount on all purchases during a 3-month baseline period followed by the 4-month intervention. SETTING: A supermarket in a low-income rural Maine community...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124643/characteristics-of-radiocesium-contaminations-in-mushrooms-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-evaluation-of-the-food-monitoring-data-from-march-2011-to-march-2016
#3
Benedikt Prand-Stritzko, Georg Steinhauser
The monitoring inspection of food after the Fukushima nuclear accident (2011) was essential for ensuring food safety in Japan and reducing the adverse health effects due to incorporation of inacceptable amounts of radionuclides, in particular radiocesium ((134)Cs and (137)Cs). In this study, the mushroom fraction of the governmental data set of the first 5 years after the accident has been analyzed for contamination levels in mushrooms, in particular time trends and radioecological characteristics as well as associated health risks...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066375/comparing-five-front-of-pack-nutrition-labels-influence-on-consumers-perceptions-and-purchase-intentions
#4
Mary T Gorski Findling, Paul M Werth, Aviva Musicus, Marie A Bragg, Dan J Graham, Brian Elbel, Christina A Roberto
In 2011, a National Academy of Medicine report recommended that packaged food in the U.S. display a uniform front-of-package nutrition label, using a system such as a 0-3 star ranking. Few studies have directly compared this to other labels to determine which best informs consumers and encourages healthier purchases. In 2013, we randomized adult participants (N=1247) in an Internet-based survey to one of six conditions: no label control; single traffic light; multiple traffic light; Facts Up Front; NuVal; or 0-3 star ranking...
October 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052515/is-there-a-financial-incentive-to-immigrate-examining-of-the-health-worker-salary-gap-between-india-and-popular-destination-countries
#5
Gavin George, Bruce Rhodes
BACKGROUND: International migration is one of the factors resulting in the shortage of Human Resources for Health (HRH) in India. Literature suggests that migration is fuelled by the prospect of higher salaries available abroad. The extent of these salary differentials are unknown, and this study seeks to examine the salaries of selected HRH in India and four popular destination countries (United States of America, United Kingdom, Canada and the United Arab Emirates), whilst accounting for the in-country cost of living...
October 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969508/rich-food-biodiversity-amid-low-consumption-of-food-items-in-kilosa-district-tanzania
#6
Julius E Ntwenya, Joyce Kinabo, John Msuya, Peter Mamiro, Delphina Mamiro, Elifuraha Njoghomi, Philip Liwei, Megan Huang
BACKGROUND: Indigenous foods, which contribute largely to the majority of the households' food basket in rural Tanzanian communities, have not been fully characterized or documented. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to document foods available and consumed in Kilosa District, Tanzania, in an attempt to promote, revive use, and build evidence for sustainable utilization of the rich local biodiversity. METHODS: Data were collected from 307 households in 3 agroecological zones in Kilosa District during the beginning of the rainy season (February-May) and immediately after harvest (September-October)...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941391/chlorinated-paraffins-leaking-from-hand-blenders-can-lead-to-significant-human-exposures
#7
Bo Yuan, Anna Strid, Per Ola Darnerud, Cynthia A de Wit, Jessica Nyström, Åke Bergman
BACKGROUND: Chlorinated paraffins (CPs, polychlorinated n-alkanes) are versatile, high-production-volume chemicals. A previous study indicated that hand blenders leak CPs into prepared food. OBJECTIVES: (1) to estimate exposure to CPs from hand blender use compared to background CP exposure from diet; (2) to assess the risk from human dietary exposure to CPs from hand blender use; (3) to investigate how hand blenders leak out CPs. METHODS: CPs were analyzed in food market baskets, in cooking oil/water samples (1g oil/100mL water) mixed using 16 different hand blenders, and in dismantled components of the hand blenders...
December 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929096/contaminants-in-foods-of-animal-origin-in-cameroon-a-one-health-vision-for-risk-management-from-farm-to-fork
#8
REVIEW
Guy B Pouokam, B U Saha Foudjo, Chi Samuel, Philomina Fankam Yamgai, A Kamda Silapeux, Joel Taguemkam Sando, G Fankam Atonde, Chiara Frazzoli
Foods of animal origin represent an important share in the diet of Cameroonian populations. Cameroon is known to be a food basket in the west and central Africa sub-region, and an important supplier of foods on the international markets. In the meantime, food importation is continuously increasing to meet the high demand of a more westernized segment of the population. Cereals, fish, sea products, eggs, honey, shrimps, chicken, and feed ingredients are important share in the international trade of agricultural products...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919654/protecting-energy-intakes-against-income-shocks
#9
Stephanie von Hinke, George Leckie
Whether and how changes in economic circumstances or household income affect individuals' diet and nutritional intakes is of substantial interest for policy purposes. This paper exploits a period of substantial income volatility in Russia to examine the extent to which, as well as how individuals protect their energy intakes in the face of unanticipated shocks to household income. Using rich data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, our results suggest that households use substitution, disproportionally cutting back spending on non-foods to protect spending on foods, change the composition of the consumption basket, and increase the consumption of 'cheaper' calories...
September 2017: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891937/the-impact-of-a-city-level-minimum-wage-policy-on-supermarket-food-prices-in-seattle-king-county
#10
Jennifer J Otten, James Buszkiewicz, Wesley Tang, Anju Aggarwal, Mark Long, Jacob Vigdor, Adam Drewnowski
Background: Many states and localities throughout the U.S. have adopted higher minimum wages. Higher labor costs among low-wage food system workers could result in higher food prices. Methods: Using a market basket of 106 foods, food prices were collected at affected chain supermarket stores in Seattle and same-chain unaffected stores in King County (n = 12 total, six per location). Prices were collected at 1 month pre- (March 2015) and 1-month post-policy enactment (May 2015), then again 1-year post-policy enactment (May 2016)...
September 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878059/can-hook-bending-be-let-off-the-hook-bending-unbending-of-pliant-tools-by-cockatoos
#11
I B Laumer, T Bugnyar, S A Reber, A M I Auersperg
The spontaneous crafting of hook-tools from bendable material to lift a basket out of a vertical tube in corvids has widely been used as one of the prime examples of animal tool innovation. However, it was recently suggested that the animals' solution was hardly innovative but strongly influenced by predispositions from habitual tool use and nest building. We tested Goffin's cockatoo, which is neither a specialized tool user nor a nest builder, on a similar task set-up. Three birds individually learned to bend hook tools from straight wire to retrieve food from vertical tubes and four subjects unbent wire to retrieve food from horizontal tubes...
September 13, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862841/environmental-impacts-and-hotspots-of-food-losses-value-chain-analysis-of-swiss-food-consumption
#12
Claudio Beretta, Matthias Stucki, Stefanie Hellweg
Reducing food losses and waste is crucial to making our food system more efficient and sustainable. This is the first paper that quantifies the environmental impacts of food waste by distinguishing the various stages of the food value chain, 33 food categories that represent the whole food basket in Switzerland, and including food waste treatment. Environmental impacts are expressed in terms of climate change and biodiversity impacts due to water and land use. Climate change impacts of food waste are highest for fresh vegetables, due to the large amounts wasted, while the specific impact per kg is largest for beef...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858827/a-method-for-identifying-prevalent-chemical-combinations-in-the-u-s-population
#13
Dustin F Kapraun, John F Wambaugh, Caroline L Ring, Rogelio Tornero-Velez, R Woodrow Setzer
BACKGROUND: Through the food and water they ingest, the air they breathe, and the consumer products with which they interact at home and at work, humans are exposed to tens of thousands of chemicals, many of which have not been evaluated to determine their potential toxicities. Furthermore, while current chemical testing tends to focus on individual chemicals, the exposures that people actually experience involve mixtures of chemicals. Unfortunately, the number of mixtures that can be formed from the thousands of environmental chemicals is enormous, and testing all of them would be impossible...
August 24, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731637/do-low-income-cypriots-experience-food-stress-the-cost-of-a-healthy-food-basket-relative-to-guaranteed-minimum-income-in-nicosia-cyprus
#14
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia Andreou
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the cost, acceptability and affordability of the healthy food basket (HFB) among low-income families in Cyprus. METHODS: HFBs were constructed based on the National Guidelines for Nutrition and Exercise for six different types of households. Acceptability was tested through focus groups. Affordability was defined as the cost of the HFB as a percentage of the guaranteed minimum income (GMI). The value of the GMI is set to be equal to €480 for a single individual and increases with the size of the recipient unit in accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development equivalence scales...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712112/socioeconomic-differences-in-the-cost-availability-and-quality-of-healthy-food-in-sydney
#15
Belinda Crawford, Roy Byun, Emily Mitchell, Susan Thompson, Bin Jalaludin, Siranda Torvaldsen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost of a basket of staple foods, together with the availability and quality of fresh fruit and vegetables, by supermarket store type in high and low socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. METHODS: A food basket survey was undertaken in 100 supermarkets in the 20 highest and 20 lowest socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. We assessed the cost of 46 foods, the range of 30 fresh fruit and vegetables and the quality of ten fresh fruit and vegetables...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656092/berberis-vulgaris-specifications-and-traditional-uses
#16
REVIEW
Mohammad Rahimi-Madiseh, Zahra Lorigoini, Hajar Zamani-Gharaghoshi, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
The medicinal plants from genus Berberis are particularly important in traditional medicine and the food basket of Iranians. Given various plants from genus Berberis and their economic, nutritional, and medicinal status in Iran, this study seeks to investigate the findings of recent studies on the phytochemical characteristics, specifications, and uses of Berberis vulgaris. In this review article, 350 articles were initially retrieved from reliable scientific databases using relevant search terms. Then, 230 articles were selected and 120 were excluded after a primary analysis...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645691/maternal-exposure-to-a-mixture-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-affects-testis-histology-epididymal-sperm-count-and-induces-sperm-dna-fragmentation-in-mice
#17
Abdolrahman Khezri, Birgitte Lindeman, Anette K Krogenæs, Hanne F Berntsen, Karin E Zimmer, Erik Ropstad
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are widespread throughout the environment and some are suspected to induce reproductive toxicity. As animals and humans are exposed to complex mixtures of POPs, it is reasonable to assess how such mixtures could interact with the reproductive system. Our aim is to investigate how maternal exposure to a mixture of 29 different persistent organic pollutants, formulated to mimic the relative POP levels in the food basket of the Scandinavian population, could alter reproductive endpoints...
August 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608509/deprivation-and-healthy-food-access-cost-and-availability-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
S Williamson, M McGregor-Shenton, B Brumble, B Wright, C Pettinger
BACKGROUND: Food access, cost and availability have been identified as determinants of dietary choice. It has been suggested that these are socio-economically patterned; however, the evidence is inconclusive. The present study investigated whether differences exist with respect to healthy food access, cost and availability between areas of contrasting deprivation. METHODS: An ecological, cross-sectional study was conducted in two of the most and two of the least deprived wards in Plymouth...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531641/the-cypriot-food-basket-for-health-and-adequate-social-participation
#19
Stavri Chrysostomou, Alexandros Polycarpou, Sofia Andreou, Panos Pashardes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490508/longer-exposure-to-a-new-refugee-food-ration-is-associated-with-reduced-prevalence-of-small-for-gestational-age-results-from-2-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#20
Verena I Carrara, Wolfgang Stuetz, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, François H Nosten, Rose McGready
Background: Despite the high risk of compromised nutrition, evidence of the effect of refugee rations on fetal growth is limited. A new ration containing micronutrient-fortified flour without increased caloric content of the general food basket was introduced to the Maela refugee camp in Thailand, July 2004.Objective: The effect of the length of gestational exposure of the new ration on fetal growth was compared with birth outcomes [small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth (PTB)].Design: In an observational study in 987 newborns from 1048 prospectively followed antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees enrolled in 2 cross-sectional surveys, exposure was categorized in 2004 according to gestation at the time of commencing the new ration and in 2006 as comprehensive (preconception and pregnancy)...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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