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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731637/do-low-income-cypriots-experience-food-stress-the-cost-of-a-healthy-food-basket-relative-to-guaranteed-minimum-income-in-nicosia-cyprus
#1
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia Andreou
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the cost, acceptability and affordability of the healthy food basket (HFB) among low-income families in Cyprus. METHODS: HFBs were constructed based on the National Guidelines for Nutrition and Exercise for six different types of households. Acceptability was tested through focus groups. Affordability was defined as the cost of the HFB as a percentage of the guaranteed minimum income (GMI). The value of the GMI is set to be equal to €480 for a single individual and increases with the size of the recipient unit in accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development equivalence scales...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712112/socioeconomic-differences-in-the-cost-availability-and-quality-of-healthy-food-in-sydney
#2
Belinda Crawford, Roy Byun, Emily Mitchell, Susan Thompson, Bin Jalaludin, Siranda Torvaldsen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost of a basket of staple foods, together with the availability and quality of fresh fruit and vegetables, by supermarket store type in high and low socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. METHODS: A food basket survey was undertaken in 100 supermarkets in the 20 highest and 20 lowest socioeconomic suburbs of Sydney. We assessed the cost of 46 foods, the range of 30 fresh fruit and vegetables and the quality of ten fresh fruit and vegetables...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656092/berberis-vulgaris-specifications-and-traditional-uses
#3
REVIEW
Mohammad Rahimi-Madiseh, Zahra Lorigoini, Hajar Zamani-Gharaghoshi, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
The medicinal plants from genus Berberis are particularly important in traditional medicine and the food basket of Iranians. Given various plants from genus Berberis and their economic, nutritional, and medicinal status in Iran, this study seeks to investigate the findings of recent studies on the phytochemical characteristics, specifications, and uses of Berberis vulgaris. In this review article, 350 articles were initially retrieved from reliable scientific databases using relevant search terms. Then, 230 articles were selected and 120 were excluded after a primary analysis...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645691/maternal-exposure-to-a-mixture-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-affects-testis-histology-epididymal-sperm-count-and-induces-sperm-dna-fragmentation-in-mice
#4
Abdolrahman Khezri, Birgitte Lindeman, Anette K Krogenæs, Hanne F Berntsen, Karin E Zimmer, Erik Ropstad
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are widespread throughout the environment and some are suspected to induce reproductive toxicity. As animals and humans are exposed to complex mixtures of POPs, it is reasonable to assess how such mixtures could interact with the reproductive system. Our aim is to investigate how maternal exposure to a mixture of 29 different persistent organic pollutants, formulated to mimic the relative POP levels in the food basket of the Scandinavian population, could alter reproductive endpoints...
August 15, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608509/deprivation-and-healthy-food-access-cost-and-availability-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
S Williamson, M McGregor-Shenton, B Brumble, B Wright, C Pettinger
BACKGROUND: Food access, cost and availability have been identified as determinants of dietary choice. It has been suggested that these are socio-economically patterned; however, the evidence is inconclusive. The present study investigated whether differences exist with respect to healthy food access, cost and availability between areas of contrasting deprivation. METHODS: An ecological, cross-sectional study was conducted in two of the most and two of the least deprived wards in Plymouth...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531641/the-cypriot-food-basket-for-health-and-adequate-social-participation
#6
Stavri Chrysostomou, Alexandros Polycarpou, Sofia Andreou, Panos Pashardes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490508/longer-exposure-to-a-new-refugee-food-ration-is-associated-with-reduced-prevalence-of-small-for-gestational-age-results-from-2-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#7
Verena I Carrara, Wolfgang Stuetz, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, François H Nosten, Rose McGready
Background: Despite the high risk of compromised nutrition, evidence of the effect of refugee rations on fetal growth is limited. A new ration containing micronutrient-fortified flour without increased caloric content of the general food basket was introduced to the Maela refugee camp in Thailand, July 2004.Objective: The effect of the length of gestational exposure of the new ration on fetal growth was compared with birth outcomes [small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth (PTB)].Design: In an observational study in 987 newborns from 1048 prospectively followed antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees enrolled in 2 cross-sectional surveys, exposure was categorized in 2004 according to gestation at the time of commencing the new ration and in 2006 as comprehensive (preconception and pregnancy)...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490239/components-of-successful-staple-food-fortification-programs-lessons-from-latin-america
#8
Reynaldo Martorell, Daniel López de Romaña
BACKGROUND: There are few effectiveness evaluations of food fortification programs, and little is known about what makes programs successful. OBJECTIVE: We examined 3 food fortification programs in Latin America to identify common features that might explain their success and to draw lessons for program design and implementation everywhere: The vitamin A fortification of sugar in Guatemala with impact on vitamin A status of the population, the fortification of a basket of foods with iron and other micronutrients in Costa Rica with impact on iron status and anemia in women and children, and the fortification of wheat flour with folic acid in Chile, which reduced the incidence of neural tube defects...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482316/a-pilot-study-on-health-risk-assessment-based-on-body-loadings-of-pcbs-of-lactating-mothers-at-taizhou-china-the-world-s-major-site-for-recycling-transformers
#9
Yu Bon Man, Ka Lai Chow, Guan Hua Xing, Janet Kit Yan Chan, Sheng Chun Wu, Ming Hung Wong
Our early study reported an extraordinarily high Estimated Daily Intake (EDI) of PCBs of lactating mothers from Taizhou, Zhejiang Province, China (based on a food consumption survey and food basket analysis). The EDI well exceeded the intake limit stipulated by FAO/WHO 70 pg TEQ/kg body weight (bw)/month. The present pilot study provided further information on PCBs body burden in lactating mothers of Taizhou. The total PCBs detected in human milk, placenta and hair samples of these lactating mothers were 363 ng/g lipid, 224 ng/g lipid, and 386 ng/g dry wt...
August 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437165/survey-for-listeria-monocytogenes-in-and-on-ready-to-eat-foods-from-retail-establishments-in-the-united-states-2010-through-2013-assessing-potential-changes-of-pathogen-prevalence-and-levels-in-a-decade
#10
John B Luchansky, Yuhuan Chen, Anna C S Porto-Fett, Régis Pouillot, Bradley A Shoyer, Rachel Johnson-DeRycke, Denise R Eblen, Karin Hoelzer, William K Shaw, Jane M van Doren, Michelle Catlin, Jeehyun Lee, Rohan Tikekar, Daniel Gallagher, James A Lindsay, Sherri Dennis
A multiyear interagency Listeria monocytogenes Market Basket Survey was undertaken for selected refrigerated ready-to-eat foods purchased at retail in four FoodNet sites in the United States. Food samples from 16 food categories in six broad groups (seafood, produce, dairy, meat, eggs, and combination foods) were collected weekly at large national chain supermarkets and independent grocery stores in California, Maryland, Connecticut, and Georgia for 100 weeks between December 2010 and March 2013. Of the 27,389 total samples, 116 samples tested positive by the BAX PCR system for L...
June 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424409/clinical-genomic-profiling-to-identify-actionable-alterations-for-investigational-therapies-in-patients-with-diverse-sarcomas
#11
Roman Groisberg, David S Hong, Vijaykumar Holla, Filip Janku, Sarina Piha-Paul, Vinod Ravi, Robert Benjamin, Shreyas Kumar Patel, Neeta Somaiah, Anthony Conley, Siraj M Ali, Alexa B Schrock, Jeffrey S Ross, Philip J Stephens, Vincent A Miller, Shiraj Sen, Cynthia Herzog, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Vivek Subbiah
BACKGROUND: There are currently no United States Food and Drug Administration approved molecularly matched therapies for sarcomas except gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Complicating this is the extreme diversity, heterogeneity, and rarity of these neoplasms. Few therapeutic options exist for relapsed and refractory sarcomas. In clinical practice many oncologists refer patients for genomic profiling hoping for guidance on treatment options after standard therapy. However, a systematic analysis of actionable mutations has yet to be completed...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407932/a-g-quadruplex-based-fluorescent-oligonucleotide-turn-on-probe-towards-iodides-detection-in-real-samples
#12
Qian Li, Shuaihua Li, Xiu Chen, Liujiao Bian
A basket-type G-quadruplex (GQ) fluorescent oligonucleotide (OND) probe is designed to detect iodides dependent on thymine-Hg(II)-thymine (T-Hg(II)-T) base pairs and the intrinsic fluorescence quenching capacity of GQ. In the presence of Hg(II) ions (Hg(2+)), the two hexachloro-fluorescein-labeled ONDs form a hairpin structure and the fluorophores are dragged close to the GQ, leading to fluorescence quenching of the probe due to photoinduced electron transfer. Upon addition of iodide anions, Hg(2+) are extracted from T-Hg(II)-T complexes which attributes to the stronger binding with iodide anions, resulting in the fluorescence recovery...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336352/accessibility-and-affordability-of-supermarkets-associations-with-the-dash-diet
#13
Joreintje D Mackenbach, Thomas Burgoine, Jeroen Lakerveld, Nita G Forouhi, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Pablo Monsivais
INTRODUCTION: It is unknown whether there is an interplay of affordability (economic accessibility) and proximity (geographic accessibility) of supermarkets in relation to having a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-accordant diet. METHODS: Data (collected: 2005-2015, analyzed: 2016) were from the cross-sectional, population-based Fenland Study cohort: 9,274 adults aged 29-64 years, living in Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom. Dietary quality was evaluated using an index of DASH dietary accordance, based on recorded consumption of foods and beverages in a validated 130-item, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
July 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201552/developing-a-food-basket-for-fulfilling-physical-and-non-physical-needs-in-cyprus-is-it-affordable
#14
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia N Andreou, Alexandros Polycarpou
An acceptable and affordable food basket (FB) is necessary to meet not only physical (healthy) needs but also the non-physical needs of individuals and communities. FBs were developed based on the Cypriot national food-based dietary guidelines for six types of household: single woman (±40 years), single man (±40 years), a couple (±40 years) without children, single woman (±40 years) with two children (10-year-old boy and 14-year-old girl), single man (±40 years) with two children and a couple (±40 years) with two children...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145570/fluoride-in-the-diet-of-2-years-old-children
#15
E A Martinez-Mier, Kathryn L Spencer, Brian J Sanders, James E Jones, Armando E Soto-Rojas, Angela M Tomlin, LaQuia A Vinson, James A Weddell, George J Eckert
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to calculate the fluoride concentrations of commonly consumed foods and beverages for 2-years-old children utilizing market basket information for the US Midwest region. METHODS: Total Diet Study food lists were cross-referenced with National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey-What We Eat in America data to determine the foods and beverages to be included. Fluoride concentrations were determined using a modification of the hexamethyldisiloxane microdiffusion technique...
June 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117937/addressing-tuberculosis-patients-medical-and-socio-economic-needs-a-comprehensive-programmatic-approach
#16
Carmen C Contreras, Ana K Millones, Janeth Santa Cruz, Margot Aguilar, Martin Clendenes, Miguel Toranzo, Karim Llaro, Leonid Lecca, Mercedes C Becerra, Courtney M Yuen
OBJECTIVE: For a cohort of patients with tuberculosis in Carabayllo, Peru, we describe the prevalence of medical comorbidities and socio-economic needs, the efforts required by a comprehensive support programme ('TB Cero') to address them and the success of this programme in linking patients to care. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in Carabayllo underwent evaluations for HIV, diabetes, mental health and unmet basic needs. For patients initiating treatment during 14 September, 2015-15 May, 2016, we abstracted data from evaluation forms and a support request system...
April 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107221/cash-vs-food-assistance-to-improve-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-tanzania
#17
Sandra I McCoy, Prosper F Njau, Carolyn Fahey, Ntuli Kapologwe, Suneetha Kadiyala, Nicholas P Jewell, William H Dow, Nancy S Padian
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of short-term cash and food assistance to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and retention in care among people living with HIV in Tanzania. METHODS: At three clinics, 805 participants were randomized to three groups in a 3 : 3 : 1 ratio, stratified by site : nutrition assessment and counseling (NAC) and cash transfers (∼$11/month, n = 347), NAC and food baskets (n = 345), and NAC-only (comparison group, n = 113, clinicaltrials...
March 27, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965106/dietary-intake-of-phosphorus-flame-retardants-pfrs-using-swedish-food-market-basket-estimations
#18
Giulia Poma, Anders Glynn, Govindan Malarvannan, Adrian Covaci, Per Ola Darnerud
The occurrence of eight phosphorus flame retardants (PFRs) was investigated in 53 composite food samples from 12 food categories, collected in 2015 for a Swedish food market basket study. 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EHDPHP), detected in most food categories, had the highest median concentrations (9 ng/g ww, pastries). It was followed by triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) (2.6 ng/g ww, fats/oils), tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) (1.0 ng/g ww, fats/oils), tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) (1...
February 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914647/human-exposure-to-dietary-inorganic-arsenic-and-other-arsenic-species-state-of-knowledge-gaps-and-uncertainties
#19
Francesco Cubadda, Brian P Jackson, Kathryn L Cottingham, Yoshira Ornelas Van Horne, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is ubiquitous in the environment as arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV) compounds and biotransformation of these toxic chemicals leads to the extraordinary variety of organoarsenic species found in nature. Despite classification as a human carcinogen based on data from populations exposed through contaminated drinking water, only recently has a need for regulatory limits on iAs in food been recognized. The delay was due to the difficulty in risk assessment of dietary iAs, which critically relies on speciation analysis providing occurrence data for iAs in food - and not simply for total arsenic...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832118/a-data-driven-network-approach-to-rank-countries-production-diversity-and-food-specialization
#20
Chengyi Tu, Joel Carr, Samir Suweis
The easy access to large data sets has allowed for leveraging methodology in network physics and complexity science to disentangle patterns and processes directly from the data, leading to key insights in the behavior of systems. Here we use country specific food production data to study binary and weighted topological properties of the bipartite country-food production matrix. This country-food production matrix can be: 1) transformed into overlap matrices which embed information regarding shared production of products among countries, and or shared countries for individual products, 2) identify subsets of countries which produce similar commodities or subsets of commodities shared by a given country allowing for visualization of correlations in large networks, and 3) used to rank country fitness (the ability to produce a diverse array of products weighted on the type of food commodities) and food specialization (quantified on the number of countries producing a specific food product weighted on their fitness)...
2016: PloS One
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