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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914647/human-exposure-to-dietary-inorganic-arsenic-and-other-arsenic-species-state-of-knowledge-gaps-and-uncertainties
#1
Francesco Cubadda, Brian P Jackson, Kathryn L Cottingham, Yoshira Ornelas Van Horne, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is ubiquitous in the environment as arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV) compounds and biotransformation of these toxic chemicals leads to the extraordinary variety of organoarsenic species found in nature. Despite classification as a human carcinogen based on data from populations exposed through contaminated drinking water, only recently has a need for regulatory limits on iAs in food been recognized. The delay was due to the difficulty in risk assessment of dietary iAs, which critically relies on speciation analysis providing occurrence data for iAs in food - and not simply for total arsenic...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832118/a-data-driven-network-approach-to-rank-countries-production-diversity-and-food-specialization
#2
Chengyi Tu, Joel Carr, Samir Suweis
The easy access to large data sets has allowed for leveraging methodology in network physics and complexity science to disentangle patterns and processes directly from the data, leading to key insights in the behavior of systems. Here we use country specific food production data to study binary and weighted topological properties of the bipartite country-food production matrix. This country-food production matrix can be: 1) transformed into overlap matrices which embed information regarding shared production of products among countries, and or shared countries for individual products, 2) identify subsets of countries which produce similar commodities or subsets of commodities shared by a given country allowing for visualization of correlations in large networks, and 3) used to rank country fitness (the ability to produce a diverse array of products weighted on the type of food commodities) and food specialization (quantified on the number of countries producing a specific food product weighted on their fitness)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760131/use-of-linear-programming-to-develop-cost-minimized-nutritionally-adequate-health-promoting-food-baskets
#3
Alexandr Parlesak, Inge Tetens, Jørgen Dejgård Jensen, Sinne Smed, Mojca Gabrijelčič Blenkuš, Mike Rayner, Nicole Darmon, Aileen Robertson
BACKGROUND: Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) are developed to promote healthier eating patterns, but increasing food prices may make healthy eating less affordable. The aim of this study was to design a range of cost-minimized nutritionally adequate health-promoting food baskets (FBs) that help prevent both micronutrient inadequacy and diet-related non-communicable diseases at lowest cost. METHODS: Average prices for 312 foods were collected within the Greater Copenhagen area...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627687/polychlorinated-dibenzo-p-dioxins-furans-pcdd-fs-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-in-zhejiang-foods-2006-2015-market-basket-and-polluted-areas
#4
Haitao Shen, Rongfa Guan, Gangqiang Ding, Qing Chen, Xiaoming Lou, Zhijian Chen, Lei Zhang, Mingluan Xing, Jianlong Han, Yongning Wu
In this study, we measured the levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in 620 foods collected during 2006-2015 from Zhejiang market, a municipal waste incinerator (MWI) and E-waste disassembling areas. For market retail foods, the levels of PCDD/F TEQs, PCDD/F plus dioxin-like PCB (DL-PCB) TEQs, and the concentrations of six indicator PCBs were generally below the EU ML. The average TEQ values for the 13 food groups were 42% of EU ML for PCDD/Fs and 32% for PCDD/Fs+DL-PCBs...
September 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609696/costing-healthy-food-baskets-in-australia-a-systematic-review-of-food-price-and-affordability-monitoring-tools-protocols-and-methods
#5
Meron Lewis, Amanda Lee
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review to determine similarities and differences in metrics and results between recently and/or currently used tools, protocols and methods for monitoring Australian healthy food prices and affordability. DESIGN: Electronic databases of peer-reviewed literature and online grey literature were systematically searched using the PRISMA approach for articles and reports relating to healthy food and diet price assessment tools, protocols, methods and results that utilised retail pricing...
November 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527573/the-healthfulness-of-food-and-beverage-purchases-after-the-federal-food-package-revisions-the-case-of-two-new-england-states
#6
Tatiana Andreyeva, Amanda S Tripp
OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) implemented new food packages to improve dietary intake among WIC participants. This paper examines how the healthfulness of food purchases among low-income households changed following this reform. METHODS: Point-of-sale data for 2137 WIC-participating and 1303 comparison households were obtained from a regional supermarket chain. The healthfulness of purchased foods and beverages was determined per their saturated fat, sugar, and sodium content...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507072/the-gluten-free-basic-food-basket-a-problem-of-availability-cost-and-nutritional-composition
#7
V Estévez, J Ayala, C Vespa, M Araya
The basic food basket (BFB), formed by the more economical products available, is used by less-affluent countries to establish the minimum daily food consumption to satisfy nutritional requirements in less-privileged individuals. There is no information about groups that depend on the BFB and in addition follow gluten-free diet (GF/BFB). We measured availability, cost, main ingredients and nutritional composition of GF/BFB. Data were collected in the area that was first in the social priority list in the capital city, matching BFB components with gluten-free equivalents (GF/BFB)...
October 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485464/a-brief-community-based-nutrition-education-intervention-combined-with-food-baskets-can%C3%A2-increase-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-among-low-income-latinos
#8
Linda K Ko, Edgar Rodriguez, Jihye Yoon, Rekha Ravindran, Wade K Copeland
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an 8-week community-based nutrition education program combined with food baskets on fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) among Latinos. DESIGN: Pre-post intervention study assessing perceived barriers, knowledge, food efficacy, food outcomes, and FVC, using mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative). SETTING: Participants' recruitment and data collection took place in the Seattle Metropolitan area from September 2012 to July 2013...
October 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341618/development-of-complementary-feeding-recommendations-for-12-23-month-old-children-from-low-and-middle-socio-economic-status-in-west-java-indonesia-contribution-of-fortified-foods-towards-meeting-the-nutrient-requirement
#9
Umi Fahmida, Otte Santika
Inadequate nutrient intake as part of a complementary feeding diet is attributable to poor feeding practices and poor access to nutritious foods. Household socio-economic situation (SES) has an influence on food expenditure and access to locally available, nutrient-dense foods and fortified foods. This study aimed to develop and compare complementary feeding recommendations (CFR) for 12-23-month-old children in different SES and evaluate the contribution of fortified foods in meeting nutrient requirements. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in low and medium SES households (n 114/group) in urban Bandung district, West Java province, Indonesia...
July 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197830/food-price-policies-may-improve-diet-but-increase-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-nutrition
#10
Nicole Darmon, Anne Lacroix, Laurent Muller, Bernard Ruffieux
Unhealthy eating is more prevalent among women and people with a low socioeconomic status. Policies that affect the price of food have been proposed to improve diet quality. The study's objective was to compare the impact of food price policies on the nutritional quality of food baskets chosen by low-income and medium-income women. Experimental economics was used to simulate a fruit and vegetable subsidy and a mixed policy subsidizing healthy products and taxing unhealthy ones. Food classification was based on the Score of Nutritional Adequacy of Individual Foods, Score of Nutrients to Be Limited nutrient profiling system...
2016: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173382/development-of-the-spanish-healthy-food-reference-budget-for-an-adequate-social-participation-at-the-minimum
#11
Elena Carrillo Álvarez, Irene Cussó-Parcerisas, Jordi Riera-Romaní
OBJECTIVE: It has been observed that diet quality and food choices vary depending on socio-economic status (SES), especially when measured through income and educational level. Although the reasons behind these differences are multiple, diet cost is a critical determinant in those groups that spend a higher proportion of their budget on food. Reference budgets are priced baskets containing the minimum goods and services necessary for well-described types of families to have an adequate social participation...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162238/what-happens-when-parents-and-children-go-grocery-shopping-an-observational-study-of-latino-dyads-in-southern-california-usa
#12
Joanna Calderon, Guadalupe X Ayala, John P Elder, George E Belch, Iana A Castro, Nadir Weibel, Julie Pickrel
The objective of this study was to observe parent-child interactions in tiendas, limited assortment food stores catering to Latinos in the United States, and to examine the extent to which child involvement influenced these interactions and their purchase outcomes. Two confederates, one posing as a tienda employee and one posing as a customer, observed the entire shopping trip of 100 Latino parent-child (mean age = 8 years) dyads and coded the following: number and type of parent- and child-initiated request interactions, types of purchase influence attempts used by children and how parents responded, and whether the product was purchased...
May 9, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144824/the-final-days-of-paracas-in-cerro-del-gentil-chincha-valley-peru
#13
Henry Tantaleán, Charles Stanish, Alexis Rodríguez, Kelita Pérez
This article describes and analyzes a highly significant archaeological context discovered in a late Paracas (400-200 BCE) sunken patio in the monumental platform mound of Cerro Gentil, located in the Chincha Valley, Peru. This patio area was used for several centuries for ritual activities, including large-scale feasting and other public gatherings. At one point late in this historical sequence people deposited a great deal of objects in what is demonstrably a single historical event. This was quickly followed by a series of minor events stratigraphically immediately above this larger event...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27067642/testing-the-price-and-affordability-of-healthy-and-current-unhealthy-diets-and-the-potential-impacts-of-policy-change-in-australia
#14
Amanda J Lee, Sarah Kane, Rebecca Ramsey, Elizabeth Good, Mathew Dick
BACKGROUND: Price and affordability of foods are important determinants of health. Targeted food pricing policies may help improve population diets. However, methods producing comparable data to inform relevant policy decisions are lacking in Australia and globally. The objective was to develop and pilot standardised methods to assess the price, relative price and affordability of healthy (recommended) and current (unhealthy) diets and test impacts of a potential policy change. METHODS: Methods followed the optimal approach proposed by INFORMAS using recent Australian dietary intake data and guidelines...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27027641/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-cost-of-food-in-victoria-influenced-by-geography-and-nutritional-quality
#15
Claire Palermo, Julia McCartan, Sue Kleve, Kompal Sinha, Alan Shiell
OBJECTIVE: To monitor the cost and affordability of a nutritious diet and to assess the influence of distance from the capital city and socioeconomic status on the cost of nutritious food in Victoria. METHODS: Twenty-six of Victoria's 79 local government areas (33%) were randomly chosen for inclusion in the study. A random sample of stores was selected for inclusion from each local government area. The cost of the 44 'healthy' and 10 'discretionary' food and drinks in the healthy food basket for a family of four for a fortnight was collected during the winter and summer of 2012, 2013 and 2014...
June 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007509/current-measures-on-radioactive-contamination-in-japan-a-policy-situation-analysis
#16
Stuart Gilmour, Shoji Miyagawa, Fumiko Kasuga, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake on 11th March 2011 and the subsequent Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant disaster caused radioactive contamination in the surrounding environment. In the immediate aftermath of the accident the Government of Japan placed strict measures on radio-contamination of food, and enhanced radio-contamination monitoring activities. Japan is a pilot country in the WHO Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (FERG), and through this initiative has an opportunity to report on policy affecting chemicals and toxins in the food distribution network...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27005492/delivering-improved-nutrition-dairy-ingredients-in-food-aid-products
#17
Nina Schlossman
The United States has a long history of food assistance for humanitarian need. The Food for Peace Act of 1954 established the United States' permanent food assistance program which has fed over 3 billion people in 150 countries worldwide through thousands of partner organizations. In 60 years, the program has evolved and will continue to do so. Recently, the program has gone from a focus on quantity of food shipped to quality food assistance from improved products, programs, and processes to effectively meet the needs of different vulnerable groups...
March 2016: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26975938/artificial-trans-fat-in-popular-foods-in-2012-and-in-2014-a-market-basket-investigation-in-six-european-countries
#18
Steen Stender, Arne Astrup, Jørn Dyerberg
OBJECTIVE: To minimise the intake of industrially produced trans fat (I-TF) and thereby decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), nearly all European countries rely on food producers to voluntarily reduce the I-TF content in food. The objective of this study was to monitor the change in presence of I-TF in biscuits/cakes/wafers in six countries in South-eastern Europe from 2012 to 2014, including two members of the European Union (Slovenia and Croatia). DESIGN: Three large supermarkets were visited in each of the six capitals in 2012...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26924755/hexabromocyclododecane-hbcd-in-the-korean-food-basket-and-estimation-of-dietary-exposure
#19
Mandana Barghi, Eun-Su Shin, Min-Hui Son, Sung-Deuk Choi, Heesoo Pyo, Yoon-Seok Chang
1,2,5,6,9,10-hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) is a brominated flame retardant that is used worldwide in expanded and extruded polystyrene foam and simultaneously emitted to the environment. HBCD can easily accumulate in animals and humans and cause neurotoxicity, thyroid hormone disruption, and reproductive disorders. Therefore, it is essential to monitor the HBCD concentrations in foods and estimate the human exposure through the diet. In this study a total of 521 food samples from eight food categories were sampled and analyzed for their HBCD content...
June 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585282/specialized-and-generalized-pollen-collection-strategies-in-an-ancient-bee-lineage
#20
Torsten Wappler, Conrad C Labandeira, Michael S Engel, Reinhard Zetter, Friðgeir Grímsson
Iconic examples of insect pollination have emphasized narrowly specialized pollinator mutualisms such as figs and fig wasps and yuccas and yucca moths. However, recent attention by pollination ecologists has focused on the broad spectra of pollinated plants by generalist pollinators such as bees. Bees have great impact for formulating hypotheses regarding specialization versus generalization in pollination mutualisms. We report the pollination biology of six northern European species of an extinct tribe of pollen-basket-bearing apine bees, Electrapini, of early-middle Eocene age, examined from two deposits of 48 and 44 million years in age...
December 7, 2015: Current Biology: CB
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