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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752981/estimation-of-daily-intake-of-arsenolipids-in-japan-based-on-a-market-basket-survey
#1
Md Hasan Al Amin, Chan Xiong, Ronald A Glabonjat, Kevin A Francesconi, Tomoko Oguri, Jun Yoshinaga
Arsenolipid concentrations were measured in 17 food composites prepared from 152 food items purchased in Shizuoka city, Japan, to (1) determine the food contributing to daily intake of arsenolipids, and (2) estimate the daily intake of arsenolipids. Analysis of arsenolipids was performed by high performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS/ESI-MS-MS). Arsenic containing hydrocarbons (AsHCs), arsenic containing fatty acids (AsFAs), and arsenosugar phospholipids (AsSugPLs) were detected only in "algae" and "fish and shellfish" of the 17 food composites in a concentration range of 4...
May 9, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742963/dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-results-from-cluster-analysis-and-market-basket-analysis
#2
Hui-Peng Liew
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity remains a major public health concern and there has been a significant increase in childhood obesity in the USA. AIM: This study seeks to uncover the major patterns of dietary habits in relation to physical activity, together with students' opinions about the quality of food in the school's cafeteria and vending machines. METHODS: The empirical work of this study is based on the 2011 Healthy School Program (HSP) Evaluation...
January 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734965/evaluation-of-mobile-applications-related-to-nutrition
#3
Vitória Negri Braz, Maria Helena Baena de Moraes Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To verify the reliability of information, the sources of information used and the user opinions of the free mobile applications (apps) with nutritional information available in Brazil. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. SETTING: We evaluated the content about nutrition of free apps available on the App Store of iPhone 5S with software iOS 8.4.1 and on the Play Store of the Android platform, version 2.3.6. For this, we compared the nutrition information provided by the app with (i) the Brazilian Food Composition Table (TACO), of 2011; (ii) food composition table: support for nutritional decision, of 2002; and (iii) the National Study of Family Expenditure: food composition tables, of 1999...
May 8, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691242/-to-be-a-woman-is-to-make-a-plan-a-qualitative-study-exploring-mothers-experiences-of-the-child-support-grant-in-supporting-children-s-diets-and-nutrition-in-south-africa
#4
Wanga Zembe-Mkabile, Rebecca Surender, David Sanders, Rina Swart, Vundli Ramokolo, Gemma Wright, Tanya Doherty
Food security and good nutrition are key determinants of child well-being. There is strong evidence that cash transfers such as South Africa's Child Support Grant (CSG) have the potential to help address some of the underlying drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition by providing income to caregivers in poor households, but it is unclear how precisely they work to affect child well-being and nutrition. We present results from a qualitative study conducted to explore the role of the CSG in food security and child well-being in poor households in an urban and a rural setting in South Africa...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642444/nutritionally-optimized-culturally-acceptable-cost-minimized-diets-for-low-income-ghanaian-families-using-linear-programming
#5
Esa-Pekka A Nykänen, Hanna E Dunning, Richmond N O Aryeetey, Aileen Robertson, Alexandr Parlesak
The Ghanaian population suffers from a double burden of malnutrition. Cost of food is considered a barrier to achieving a health-promoting diet. Food prices were collected in major cities and in rural areas in southern Ghana. Linear programming (LP) was used to calculate nutritionally optimized diets (food baskets (FBs)) for a low-income Ghanaian family of four that fulfilled energy and nutrient recommendations in both rural and urban settings. Calculations included implementing cultural acceptability for families living in extreme and moderate poverty (food budget under USD 1...
April 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569782/an-investigation-of-the-cost-of-food-in-the-geelong-region-of-rural-victoria-essential-data-to-support-planning-to-improve-access-to-nutritious-food
#6
Ruth Cuttler, Rachel Evans, Erin McClusky, Lauren Purser, Karen M Klassen, Claire Palermo
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Affordability of a healthy diet is a determinant of nutritional intake and therefore health. This project aimed to measure the cost of healthy foods across a geographically defined region and examine factors related to changing food prices to assist in informing health promotion practice. METHODS: The cost of a healthy food basket was measured using the Victorian Healthy Food Basket tool, in all eligible stores, across five rural local government areas in Western Victoria, Australia in 2014, 2015 and 2016...
February 24, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526222/fermentation-of-enset-ensete-ventricosum-in-the-gamo-highlands-of-ethiopia-physicochemical-and-microbial-community-dynamics
#7
A F Andeta, D Vandeweyer, F Woldesenbet, F Eshetu, A Hailemicael, F Woldeyes, S Crauwels, B Lievens, J Ceusters, K Vancampenhout, L Van Campenhout
Enset (Ensete ventricosum) provides staple food for 15 million people in Ethiopia after fermentation into kocho. The fermentation process has hardly been investigated and is prone to optimization. The aim of this study was to investigate the physicochemical and microbial dynamics of fermentation practices in the Gamo highlands. These practices show local variation, but two steps were omnipresent: scraping of the pseudostem and fermenting it in a pit or a bamboo basket. Enset plants were fragmented and fermented for two months in order to investigate the physicochemical (temperature, moisture content, pH and titratable acidity) and microbial dynamics (total viable aerobic counts, counts of Enterobacteriaceae, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts and moulds and Clostridium spores counts, and Illumina Miseq sequencing)...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500105/reliability-of-a-market-basket-assessment-tool-mbat-for-use-in-snap-ed-healthy-retail-initiatives
#8
Sarah A Misyak, Valisa E Hedrick, Ellen Pudney, Elena L Serrano, Alisha R Farris
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of the Market Basket Assessment Tool (MBAT) for assessing the availability of fruits and vegetables, low-fat or nonfat dairy and eggs, lean meats, whole-grain products, and seeds, beans, and nuts in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-authorized retail environments. METHODS: Different trained raters used the MBAT simultaneously at 14 retail environments to measure interrater reliability. Raters returned to 12 retail environments (85...
May 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478539/essential-micronutrient-and-toxic-trace-element-concentrations-in-gluten-containing-and-gluten-free-foods
#9
Tracy Punshon, Brian P Jackson
For individuals following a gluten-free (GF) diet, rice is commonly the major grain. People following a GF diet have a higher arsenic burden than the general population. We conducted a multielemental market basket study of GF and gluten containing ingredients and prepared foods (Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cr, Co, Se, Cd, Sb, Pb, total As, As species, total Hg and methylmercury). Foods containing rice were significantly higher in As, Hg and Pb and lower in Se, Fe, Cu and Zn. Wheat-based foods were higher in Cd. Mercury concentrations were low (<3...
June 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467421/application-of-kernel-principal-component-analysis-and-computational-machine-learning-to-exploration-of-metabolites-strongly-associated-with-diet
#10
Yuka Shiokawa, Yasuhiro Date, Jun Kikuchi
Computer-based technological innovation provides advancements in sophisticated and diverse analytical instruments, enabling massive amounts of data collection with relative ease. This is accompanied by a fast-growing demand for technological progress in data mining methods for analysis of big data derived from chemical and biological systems. From this perspective, use of a general "linear" multivariate analysis alone limits interpretations due to "non-linear" variations in metabolic data from living organisms...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423574/investigation-of-drought-vulnerable-regions-in-north-korea-using-remote-sensing-and-cloud-computing-climate-data
#11
Jinhang Yu, Joongbin Lim, Kyoo-Seock Lee
Drought is one of the most severe natural disasters in the world and leads to serious challenges that affect both the natural environment and human societies. North Korea (NK) has frequently suffered from severe and prolonged droughts since the second half of the twentieth century. These droughts affect the growing conditions of agricultural crops, which have led to food shortages in NK. However, it is not easy to obtain ground data because NK is one of the most closed-off societies in the world. In this situation, remote sensing (RS) techniques and cloud computing climate data (CCCD) can be used for drought monitoring in NK...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409555/seattle-s-minimum-wage-ordinance-did-not-affect-supermarket-food-prices-by-food-processing-category
#12
Amanda L Spoden, James H Buszkiewicz, Adam Drewnowski, Mark C Long, Jennifer J Otten
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts of Seattle's minimum wage ordinance on food prices by food processing category. DESIGN: Supermarket food prices were collected for 106 items using a University of Washington Center for Public Health Nutrition market basket at affected and unaffected supermarket chain stores at three times: March 2015 (1-month pre-policy enactment), May 2015 (1-month post-policy enactment) and May 2016 (1-year post-policy enactment). Food items were categorized into four food processing groups, from minimally to ultra-processed...
February 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173221/convenience-based-food-purchase-patterns-identification-and-associations-with-dietary-quality-sociodemographic-factors-and-attitudes
#13
Jonas Peltner, Silke Thiele
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to derive food purchase patterns considering the convenience level of foods. Associations between identified patterns and dietary quality were analysed, as well as household characteristics associated with the dietary patterns. DESIGN: A Convenience Food Classification Scheme (CFCS) was developed. After classifying basic food groups into the CFCS, the formed groups were used to apply a factor analysis to identify convenience-based food purchase patterns...
February 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145050/can-farmers-mitigate-environmental-impacts-through-combined-production-of-food-fuel-and-feed-a-consequential-life-cycle-assessment-of-integrated-mixed-crop-livestock-system-with-a-green-biorefinery
#14
Ranjan Parajuli, Tommy Dalgaard, Morten Birkved
This study evaluates environmental impacts of an integrated mixed crop-livestock system with a green biorefinery (GBR). System integration included production of feed crops and green biomasses (Sys-I) to meet the demand of a livestock system (Sys-III) and to process green biomasses in a GBR system (Sys-II). Processing of grass-clover to produce feed protein was considered in Sys-II, particularly to substitute the imported soybean meal. Waste generated from the livestock and GBR systems were considered for the conversion to biomethane (Sys-IV)...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126661/a-supermarket-double-dollar-incentive-program-increases-purchases-of-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables-among-low-income-families-with-children-the-healthy-double-study
#15
Michele Polacsek, Alyssa Moran, Anne N Thorndike, Rebecca Boulos, Rebecca L Franckle, Julie C Greene, Dan J Blue, Jason P Block, Eric B Rimm
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a pilot study to determine whether a supermarket double-dollar fruit and vegetable (F&V) incentive increases F&V purchases among low-income families. DESIGN: Randomized controlled design. Purchases were tracked using a loyalty card that provided participants with a 5% discount on all purchases during a 3-month baseline period followed by the 4-month intervention. SETTING: A supermarket in a low-income rural Maine community...
March 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124643/characteristics-of-radiocesium-contaminations-in-mushrooms-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-evaluation-of-the-food-monitoring-data-from-march-2011-to-march-2016
#16
Benedikt Prand-Stritzko, Georg Steinhauser
The monitoring inspection of food after the Fukushima nuclear accident (2011) was essential for ensuring food safety in Japan and reducing the adverse health effects due to incorporation of inacceptable amounts of radionuclides, in particular radiocesium (134 Cs and 137 Cs). In this study, the mushroom fraction of the governmental data set of the first 5 years after the accident has been analyzed for contamination levels in mushrooms, in particular time trends and radioecological characteristics as well as associated health risks...
January 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066375/comparing-five-front-of-pack-nutrition-labels-influence-on-consumers-perceptions-and-purchase-intentions
#17
Mary T Gorski Findling, Paul M Werth, Aviva A Musicus, Marie A Bragg, Dan J Graham, Brian Elbel, Christina A Roberto
In 2011, a National Academy of Medicine report recommended that packaged food in the U.S. display a uniform front-of-package nutrition label, using a system such as a 0-3 star ranking. Few studies have directly compared this to other labels to determine which best informs consumers and encourages healthier purchases. In 2013, we randomized adult participants (N=1247) in an Internet-based survey to one of six conditions: no label control; single traffic light; multiple traffic light; Facts Up Front; NuVal; or 0-3 star ranking...
January 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052515/is-there-a-financial-incentive-to-immigrate-examining-of-the-health-worker-salary-gap-between-india-and-popular-destination-countries
#18
Gavin George, Bruce Rhodes
BACKGROUND: International migration is one of the factors resulting in the shortage of Human Resources for Health (HRH) in India. Literature suggests that migration is fuelled by the prospect of higher salaries available abroad. The extent of these salary differentials are unknown, and this study seeks to examine the salaries of selected HRH in India and four popular destination countries (United States of America, United Kingdom, Canada and the United Arab Emirates), whilst accounting for the in-country cost of living...
October 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969508/rich-food-biodiversity-amid-low-consumption-of-food-items-in-kilosa-district-tanzania
#19
Julius E Ntwenya, Joyce Kinabo, John Msuya, Peter Mamiro, Delphina Mamiro, Elifuraha Njoghomi, Philip Liwei, Megan Huang
BACKGROUND: Indigenous foods, which contribute largely to the majority of the households' food basket in rural Tanzanian communities, have not been fully characterized or documented. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to document foods available and consumed in Kilosa District, Tanzania, in an attempt to promote, revive use, and build evidence for sustainable utilization of the rich local biodiversity. METHODS: Data were collected from 307 households in 3 agroecological zones in Kilosa District during the beginning of the rainy season (February-May) and immediately after harvest (September-October)...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941391/chlorinated-paraffins-leaking-from-hand-blenders-can-lead-to-significant-human-exposures
#20
Bo Yuan, Anna Strid, Per Ola Darnerud, Cynthia A de Wit, Jessica Nyström, Åke Bergman
BACKGROUND: Chlorinated paraffins (CPs, polychlorinated n-alkanes) are versatile, high-production-volume chemicals. A previous study indicated that hand blenders leak CPs into prepared food. OBJECTIVES: (1) to estimate exposure to CPs from hand blender use compared to background CP exposure from diet; (2) to assess the risk from human dietary exposure to CPs from hand blender use; (3) to investigate how hand blenders leak out CPs. METHODS: CPs were analyzed in food market baskets, in cooking oil/water samples (1g oil/100mL water) mixed using 16 different hand blenders, and in dismantled components of the hand blenders...
December 2017: Environment International
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