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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531641/the-cypriot-food-basket-for-health-and-adequate-social-participation
#1
Stavri Chrysostomou, Alexandros Polycarpou, Sofia Andreou, Panos Pashardes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490508/longer-exposure-to-a-new-refugee-food-ration-is-associated-with-reduced-prevalence-of-small-for-gestational-age-results-from-2-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#2
Verena I Carrara, Wolfgang Stuetz, Sue J Lee, Kanlaya Sriprawat, Basi Po, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, François H Nosten, Rose McGready
Background: Despite the high risk of compromised nutrition, evidence of the effect of refugee rations on fetal growth is limited. A new ration containing micronutrient-fortified flour without increased caloric content of the general food basket was introduced to the Maela refugee camp in Thailand, July 2004.Objective: The effect of the length of gestational exposure of the new ration on fetal growth was compared with birth outcomes [small for gestational age (SGA), preterm birth (PTB)].Design: In an observational study in 987 newborns from 1048 prospectively followed antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees enrolled in 2 cross-sectional surveys, exposure was categorized in 2004 according to gestation at the time of commencing the new ration and in 2006 as comprehensive (preconception and pregnancy)...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490239/components-of-successful-staple-food-fortification-programs-lessons-from-latin-america
#3
Reynaldo Martorell, Daniel López de Romaña
BACKGROUND: There are few effectiveness evaluations of food fortification programs, and little is known about what makes programs successful. OBJECTIVE: We examined 3 food fortification programs in Latin America to identify common features that might explain their success and to draw lessons for program design and implementation everywhere: The vitamin A fortification of sugar in Guatemala with impact on vitamin A status of the population, the fortification of a basket of foods with iron and other micronutrients in Costa Rica with impact on iron status and anemia in women and children, and the fortification of wheat flour with folic acid in Chile, which reduced the incidence of neural tube defects...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482316/a-pilot-study-on-health-risk-assessment-based-on-body-loadings-of-pcbs-of-lactating-mothers-at-taizhou-china-the-world-s-major-site-for-recycling-transformers
#4
Yu Bon Man, Ka Lai Chow, Guan Hua Xing, Janet Kit Yan Chan, Sheng Chun Wu, Ming Hung Wong
Our early study reported an extraordinarily high Estimated Daily Intake (EDI) of PCBs of lactating mothers from Taizhou, Zhejiang Province, China (based on a food consumption survey and food basket analysis). The EDI well exceeded the intake limit stipulated by FAO/WHO 70 pg TEQ/kg body weight (bw)/month. The present pilot study provided further information on PCBs body burden in lactating mothers of Taizhou. The total PCBs detected in human milk, placenta and hair samples of these lactating mothers were 363 ng/g lipid, 224 ng/g lipid, and 386 ng/g dry wt...
May 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437165/survey-for-listeria-monocytogenes-in-and-on-ready-to-eat-foods-from-retail-establishments-in-the-united-states-2010-through-2013-assessing-potential-changes-of-pathogen-prevalence-and-levels-in-a-decade
#5
John B Luchansky, Yuhuan Chen, Anna C S Porto-Fett, Régis Pouillot, Bradley A Shoyer, Rachel Johnson-DeRycke, Denise R Eblen, Karin Hoelzer, William K Shaw, Jane M van Doren, Michelle Catlin, Jeehyun Lee, Rohan Tikekar, Daniel Gallagher, James A Lindsay, Sherri Dennis
A multiyear interagency Listeria monocytogenes Market Basket Survey was undertaken for selected refrigerated ready-to-eat foods purchased at retail in four FoodNet sites in the United States. Food samples from 16 food categories in six broad groups (seafood, produce, dairy, meat, eggs, and combination foods) were collected weekly at large national chain supermarkets and independent grocery stores in California, Maryland, Connecticut, and Georgia for 100 weeks between December 2010 and March 2013. Of the 27,389 total samples, 116 samples tested positive by the BAX PCR system for L...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424409/clinical-genomic-profiling-to-identify-actionable-alterations-for-investigational-therapies-in-patients-with-diverse-sarcomas
#6
Roman Groisberg, David S Hong, Vijaykumar Holla, Filip Janku, Sarina Piha-Paul, Vinod Ravi, Robert Benjamin, Shreyas Kumar Patel, Neeta Somaiah, Anthony Conley, Siraj M Ali, Alexa B Schrock, Jeffrey S Ross, Philip J Stephens, Vincent A Miller, Shiraj Sen, Cynthia Herzog, Funda Meric-Bernstam, Vivek Subbiah
BACKGROUND: There are currently no United States Food and Drug Administration approved molecularly matched therapies for sarcomas except gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Complicating this is the extreme diversity, heterogeneity, and rarity of these neoplasms. Few therapeutic options exist for relapsed and refractory sarcomas. In clinical practice many oncologists refer patients for genomic profiling hoping for guidance on treatment options after standard therapy. However, a systematic analysis of actionable mutations has yet to be completed...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407932/a-g-quadruplex-based-fluorescent-oligonucleotide-turn-on-probe-towards-iodides-detection-in-real-samples
#7
Qian Li, Shuaihua Li, Xiu Chen, Liujiao Bian
A basket-type G-quadruplex (GQ) fluorescent oligonucleotide (OND) probe is designed to detect iodides dependent on thymine-Hg(II)-thymine (T-Hg(II)-T) base pairs and the intrinsic fluorescence quenching capacity of GQ. In the presence of Hg(II) ions (Hg(2+)), the two hexachloro-fluorescein-labeled ONDs form a hairpin structure and the fluorophores are dragged close to the GQ, leading to fluorescence quenching of the probe due to photoinduced electron transfer. Upon addition of iodide anions, Hg(2+) are extracted from T-Hg(II)-T complexes which attributes to the stronger binding with iodide anions, resulting in the fluorescence recovery...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336352/accessibility-and-affordability-of-supermarkets-associations-with-the-dash-diet
#8
Joreintje D Mackenbach, Thomas Burgoine, Jeroen Lakerveld, Nita G Forouhi, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Pablo Monsivais
INTRODUCTION: It is unknown whether there is an interplay of affordability (economic accessibility) and proximity (geographic accessibility) of supermarkets in relation to having a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-accordant diet. METHODS: Data (collected: 2005-2015, analyzed: 2016) were from the cross-sectional, population-based Fenland Study cohort: 9,274 adults aged 29-64 years, living in Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom. Dietary quality was evaluated using an index of DASH dietary accordance, based on recorded consumption of foods and beverages in a validated 130-item, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire...
March 20, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201552/developing-a-food-basket-for-fulfilling-physical-and-non-physical-needs-in-cyprus-is-it-affordable
#9
Stavri Chrysostomou, Sofia N Andreou, Alexandros Polycarpou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145570/fluoride-in-the-diet-of-2-years-old-children
#10
E A Martinez-Mier, Kathryn L Spencer, Brian J Sanders, James E Jones, Armando E Soto-Rojas, Angela M Tomlin, LaQuia A Vinson, James A Weddell, George J Eckert
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to calculate the fluoride concentrations of commonly consumed foods and beverages for 2-years-old children utilizing market basket information for the US Midwest region. METHODS: Total Diet Study food lists were cross-referenced with National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey-What We Eat in America data to determine the foods and beverages to be included. Fluoride concentrations were determined using a modification of the hexamethyldisiloxane microdiffusion technique...
June 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117937/addressing-tuberculosis-patients-medical-and-socio-economic-needs-a-comprehensive-programmatic-approach
#11
Carmen C Contreras, Ana K Millones, Janeth Santa Cruz, Margot Aguilar, Martin Clendenes, Miguel Toranzo, Karim Llaro, Leonid Lecca, Mercedes C Becerra, Courtney M Yuen
OBJECTIVE: For a cohort of patients with tuberculosis in Carabayllo, Peru, we describe the prevalence of medical comorbidities and socio-economic needs, the efforts required by a comprehensive support programme ('TB Cero') to address them and the success of this programme in linking patients to care. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in Carabayllo underwent evaluations for HIV, diabetes, mental health and unmet basic needs. For patients initiating treatment during 14 September, 2015-15 May, 2016, we abstracted data from evaluation forms and a support request system...
April 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107221/cash-vs-food-assistance-to-improve-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-tanzania
#12
Sandra I McCoy, Prosper F Njau, Carolyn Fahey, Ntuli Kapologwe, Suneetha Kadiyala, Nicholas P Jewell, William H Dow, Nancy S Padian
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of short-term cash and food assistance to improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and retention in care among people living with HIV in Tanzania. METHODS: At three clinics, 805 participants were randomized to three groups in a 3 : 3 : 1 ratio, stratified by site : nutrition assessment and counseling (NAC) and cash transfers (∼$11/month, n = 347), NAC and food baskets (n = 345), and NAC-only (comparison group, n = 113, clinicaltrials...
March 27, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965106/dietary-intake-of-phosphorus-flame-retardants-pfrs-using-swedish-food-market-basket-estimations
#13
Giulia Poma, Anders Glynn, Govindan Malarvannan, Adrian Covaci, Per Ola Darnerud
The occurrence of eight phosphorus flame retardants (PFRs) was investigated in 53 composite food samples from 12 food categories, collected in 2015 for a Swedish food market basket study. 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EHDPHP), detected in most food categories, had the highest median concentrations (9 ng/g ww, pastries). It was followed by triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) (2.6 ng/g ww, fats/oils), tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) (1.0 ng/g ww, fats/oils), tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) (1...
February 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914647/human-exposure-to-dietary-inorganic-arsenic-and-other-arsenic-species-state-of-knowledge-gaps-and-uncertainties
#14
Francesco Cubadda, Brian P Jackson, Kathryn L Cottingham, Yoshira Ornelas Van Horne, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is ubiquitous in the environment as arsenite (AsIII) and arsenate (AsV) compounds and biotransformation of these toxic chemicals leads to the extraordinary variety of organoarsenic species found in nature. Despite classification as a human carcinogen based on data from populations exposed through contaminated drinking water, only recently has a need for regulatory limits on iAs in food been recognized. The delay was due to the difficulty in risk assessment of dietary iAs, which critically relies on speciation analysis providing occurrence data for iAs in food - and not simply for total arsenic...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832118/a-data-driven-network-approach-to-rank-countries-production-diversity-and-food-specialization
#15
Chengyi Tu, Joel Carr, Samir Suweis
The easy access to large data sets has allowed for leveraging methodology in network physics and complexity science to disentangle patterns and processes directly from the data, leading to key insights in the behavior of systems. Here we use country specific food production data to study binary and weighted topological properties of the bipartite country-food production matrix. This country-food production matrix can be: 1) transformed into overlap matrices which embed information regarding shared production of products among countries, and or shared countries for individual products, 2) identify subsets of countries which produce similar commodities or subsets of commodities shared by a given country allowing for visualization of correlations in large networks, and 3) used to rank country fitness (the ability to produce a diverse array of products weighted on the type of food commodities) and food specialization (quantified on the number of countries producing a specific food product weighted on their fitness)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760131/use-of-linear-programming-to-develop-cost-minimized-nutritionally-adequate-health-promoting-food-baskets
#16
Alexandr Parlesak, Inge Tetens, Jørgen Dejgård Jensen, Sinne Smed, Mojca Gabrijelčič Blenkuš, Mike Rayner, Nicole Darmon, Aileen Robertson
BACKGROUND: Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) are developed to promote healthier eating patterns, but increasing food prices may make healthy eating less affordable. The aim of this study was to design a range of cost-minimized nutritionally adequate health-promoting food baskets (FBs) that help prevent both micronutrient inadequacy and diet-related non-communicable diseases at lowest cost. METHODS: Average prices for 312 foods were collected within the Greater Copenhagen area...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627687/polychlorinated-dibenzo-p-dioxins-furans-pcdd-fs-and-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcbs-in-zhejiang-foods-2006-2015-market-basket-and-polluted-areas
#17
Haitao Shen, Rongfa Guan, Gangqiang Ding, Qing Chen, Xiaoming Lou, Zhijian Chen, Lei Zhang, Mingluan Xing, Jianlong Han, Yongning Wu
In this study, we measured the levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in 620 foods collected during 2006-2015 from Zhejiang market, a municipal waste incinerator (MWI) and E-waste disassembling areas. For market retail foods, the levels of PCDD/F TEQs, PCDD/F plus dioxin-like PCB (DL-PCB) TEQs, and the concentrations of six indicator PCBs were generally below the EU ML. The average TEQ values for the 13 food groups were 42% of EU ML for PCDD/Fs and 32% for PCDD/Fs+DL-PCBs...
September 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609696/costing-healthy-food-baskets-in-australia-a-systematic-review-of-food-price-and-affordability-monitoring-tools-protocols-and-methods
#18
Meron Lewis, Amanda Lee
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review to determine similarities and differences in metrics and results between recently and/or currently used tools, protocols and methods for monitoring Australian healthy food prices and affordability. DESIGN: Electronic databases of peer-reviewed literature and online grey literature were systematically searched using the PRISMA approach for articles and reports relating to healthy food and diet price assessment tools, protocols, methods and results that utilised retail pricing...
November 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527573/the-healthfulness-of-food-and-beverage-purchases-after-the-federal-food-package-revisions-the-case-of-two-new-england-states
#19
Tatiana Andreyeva, Amanda S Tripp
OBJECTIVE: In 2009, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) implemented new food packages to improve dietary intake among WIC participants. This paper examines how the healthfulness of food purchases among low-income households changed following this reform. METHODS: Point-of-sale data for 2137 WIC-participating and 1303 comparison households were obtained from a regional supermarket chain. The healthfulness of purchased foods and beverages was determined per their saturated fat, sugar, and sodium content...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27507072/the-gluten-free-basic-food-basket-a-problem-of-availability-cost-and-nutritional-composition
#20
V Estévez, J Ayala, C Vespa, M Araya
The basic food basket (BFB), formed by the more economical products available, is used by less-affluent countries to establish the minimum daily food consumption to satisfy nutritional requirements in less-privileged individuals. There is no information about groups that depend on the BFB and in addition follow gluten-free diet (GF/BFB). We measured availability, cost, main ingredients and nutritional composition of GF/BFB. Data were collected in the area that was first in the social priority list in the capital city, matching BFB components with gluten-free equivalents (GF/BFB)...
October 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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