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Neural crest stem cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713614/condition-medium-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-retinoic-acid-induces-the-transdifferentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-into-neuroglia-and-neural-like-cells
#1
Sara Haratizadeh, Maryam Nazm Bojnordi, Shahram Darabi, Narges Karimi, Mehrdad Naghikhani, Hatef Ghasemi Hamidabadi, Morteza Seifi
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains several molecules which are essential for neurogenesis. Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are putatively neural crest cell-derived that can differentiate into neurons and glial cells under appropriate neurotrophic factors. The aim of this study was to induce differentiation of hDPSCs into neuroglial phenotypes using retinoic acid (RA) and CSF. The hDPSCs from an impacted third molar were isolated by mechanical and digestion and cultured. The cells have treated by 10(-7) µM RA (RA group) for 8 days, 10% CSF (CSF group) for 8 days and RA with CSF for 8 days (RA/CSF group)...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704293/analysis-of-neural-crest-cells-from-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-patients-demonstrates-disease-relevant-molecular-signature
#2
Fukiko Kitani-Morii, Keiko Imamura, Takayuki Kondo, Ryo Ohara, Takako Enami, Ran Shibukawa, Takuya Yamamoto, Kazuya Sekiguchi, Junya Toguchida, Toshiki Mizuno, Masanori Nakagawa, Haruhisa Inoue
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited neuropathy. The majority of CMT is demyelinating type (demyelinating CMT) caused by Schwann cell involvement. Although a large number of genes responsible for demyelinating CMT have been found, the common molecular target of the pathophysiology caused by these different genes in demyelinating CMT is still unknown. We generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from healthy controls and patients with demyelinating CMT caused by duplication in peripheral myelin protein 22 kDa (PMP22) or point mutations in myelin protein zero (MPZ) or early growth response 2 (EGR2)...
July 12, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695960/galectin-1-enhances-the-generation-of-neural-crest-cells
#3
Tsutomu Motohashi, Masahiro Nishioka, Daisuke Kitagawa, Norito Kawamura, Natsuki Watanabe, Takanori Wakaoka, Toshihiko Kadoya, Takahiro Kunisada
Neural crest (NC) cells are multipotent cells that emerge from the dorsal region of the neural tube. After delaminating from the neural tube, NC cells migrate throughout the developing embryo and differentiate into various cells: neurons and glial cells of the peripheral nervous system, melanocytes of skin, and skeletal elements of the face and head. We previously analyzed the gene expression profile of a NC subpopulation isolated from Sox10-IRES-Venus mice and found that the carbohydrate-binding protein, Galectin-1 (Gal-1) was strongly expressed in generating NC cells...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687932/spatial-and-temporal-expression-of-sox9-during-murine-incisor-development
#4
Zhi-Cheng Yang, Dan Li, Shuang Feng, Xiao-Dong Sui, Zhi Chen, Li Zhang
Mouse incisors are capable of continuously growing due to the renewal of dental epithelium stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells residing at the proximal ends. The transcription factor Sox9 plays important roles in maintaining the stem cells of hair follicles, retinal progenitor cells and neural crest stem cells. Whether Sox9 is involved during mouse incisor development is not reported yet. In this study, we examined the expression pattern of Sox9 during mouse incisor development by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Histology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684471/multipotent-peripheral-glial-cells-generate-neuroendocrine-cells-of-the-adrenal-medulla
#5
Alessandro Furlan, Vyacheslav Dyachuk, Maria Eleni Kastriti, Laura Calvo-Enrique, Hind Abdo, Saida Hadjab, Tatiana Chontorotzea, Natalia Akkuratova, Dmitry Usoskin, Dmitry Kamenev, Julian Petersen, Kazunori Sunadome, Fatima Memic, Ulrika Marklund, Kaj Fried, Piotr Topilko, Francois Lallemend, Peter V Kharchenko, Patrik Ernfors, Igor Adameyko
Adrenaline is a fundamental circulating hormone for bodily responses to internal and external stressors. Chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla (AM) represent the main neuroendocrine adrenergic component and are believed to differentiate from neural crest cells. We demonstrate that large numbers of chromaffin cells arise from peripheral glial stem cells, termed Schwann cell precursors (SCPs). SCPs migrate along the visceral motor nerve to the vicinity of the forming adrenal gland, where they detach from the nerve and form postsynaptic neuroendocrine chromaffin cells...
July 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683107/human-bone-marrow-harbors-cells-with-neural-crest-associated-characteristics-like-human-adipose-and-dermis-tissues
#6
Cécile Coste, Virginie Neirinckx, Anil Sharma, Gulistan Agirman, Bernard Rogister, Jacques Foguenne, François Lallemend, André Gothot, Sabine Wislet
Adult neural crest stem-derived cells (NCSC) are of extraordinary high plasticity and promising candidates for use in regenerative medicine. Several locations such as skin, adipose tissue, dental pulp or bone marrow have been described in rodent, as sources of NCSC. However, very little information is available concerning their correspondence in human tissues, and more precisely for human bone marrow. The main objective of this study was therefore to characterize NCSC from adult human bone marrow. In this purpose, we compared human bone marrow stromal cells to human adipose tissue and dermis, already described for containing NCSC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637759/role-of-jnk-pathway-in-varicella-zoster-virus-lytic-infection-and-reactivation
#7
Sravya Kurapati, Tomohiko Sadaoka, Labchan Rajbhandari, Balaji Jagdish, Priya Shukla, Yong Jun Kim, Gabsang Lee, Jeffrey I Cohen, Arun Venkatesan
Mechanisms of neuronal infection by varicella-zoster virus (VZV) have been challenging to study due to the relatively strict human tropism of the virus and the paucity of tractable experimental models. Cellular mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) have been shown to play a role in VZV infection of non-neuronal cells, with distinct consequences on infectivity in differing cell types. Here, we utilize several human neuronal culture systems to investigate the role of one such MAPK, the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), in VZV lytic infection and reactivation...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626748/the-multiple-roles-of-fgf-signaling-in-the-developing-spinal-cord
#8
REVIEW
Ruth Diez Del Corral, Aixa V Morales
During vertebrate embryonic development, the spinal cord is formed by the neural derivatives of a neuromesodermal population that is specified at early stages of development and which develops in concert with the caudal regression of the primitive streak. Several processes related to spinal cord specification and maturation are coupled to this caudal extension including neurogenesis, ventral patterning and neural crest specification and all of them seem to be crucially regulated by Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) signaling, which is prominently active in the neuromesodermal region and transiently in its derivatives...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621171/boundary-cap-neural-crest-stem-cell-transplants-contribute-mts1-s100a4-expressing-cells-in-the-glial-scar
#9
Carl Trolle, Patrik Ivert, Jan Hoeber, Iris Rocamonde-Lago, Svitlana Vasylovska, Eugen Lukanidin, Elena N Kozlova
AIM: During development, boundary cap neural crest stem cells (bNCSCs) assist sensory axon growth into the spinal cord. Here we repositioned them to test if they assist regeneration of sensory axons in adult mice after dorsal root avulsion injury. MATERIALS & METHODS: Avulsed mice received bNCSC or human neural progenitor (hNP) cell transplants and their contributions to glial scar formation and sensory axon regeneration were analyzed with immunohistochemistry and transganglionic tracing...
June 16, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616151/therapeutic-potential-of-dental-stem-cells
#10
REVIEW
Elna Paul Chalisserry, Seung Yun Nam, Sang Hyug Park, Sukumaran Anil
Stem cell biology has become an important field in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering therapy since the discovery and characterization of mesenchymal stem cells. Stem cell populations have also been isolated from human dental tissues, including dental pulp stem cells, stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth, stem cells from apical papilla, dental follicle progenitor cells, and periodontal ligament stem cells. Dental stem cells are relatively easily obtainable and exhibit high plasticity and multipotential capabilities...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607560/characterization-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-like-cells-derived-from-human-ipscs-via-neural-crest-development-and-their-application-for-osteochondral-repair
#11
Ryota Chijimatsu, Makoto Ikeya, Yukihiko Yasui, Yasutoshi Ikeda, Kosuke Ebina, Yu Moriguchi, Kazunori Shimomura, David A Hart, Yoshikawa Hideki, Nakamura Norimasa
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are a promising cell source for the repair of skeletal disorders. Recently, neural crest cells (NCCs) were reported to be effective for inducing mesenchymal progenitors, which have potential to differentiate into osteochondral lineages. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility of MSC-like cells originated from iPSCs via NCCs for osteochondral repair. Initially, MSC-like cells derived from iPSC-NCCs (iNCCs) were generated and characterized in vitro...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588447/the-effects-of-epidermal-neural-crest-stem-cells-on-local-inflammation-microenvironment-in-the-defected-sciatic-nerve-of-rats
#12
Yue Li, Dongdong Yao, Jieyuan Zhang, Bin Liu, Lu Zhang, Hua Feng, Bingcang Li
Cell-based therapy is a promising strategy for the repair of peripheral nerve injuries (PNIs). epidermal neural crest stems cells (EPI-NCSCs) are thought to be important donor cells for repairing PNI in different animal models. Following PNI, inflammatory response is important to regulate the repair process. However, the effects of EPI-NCSCs on regulation of local inflammation microenviroment have not been investigated extensively. In the present study, these effects were studied by using 10 mm defected sciatic nerve, which was bridged with 15 mm artificial nerve composed of EPI-NCSCs, extracellular matrix (ECM) and poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA)...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582499/dental-pulp-stem-cells-for-the-study-of-neurogenetic-disorders
#13
A Kaitlyn Victor, Lawrence T Reiter
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) are a relatively new alternative stem cell source for the study of neurogenetic disorders. DPSC can be obtained non-invasively and collected from long-distances remaining viable during transportation. These highly proliferative cells express stem cell markers and retain the ability to differentiate down multiple cell lineages including chondrocytes, adipocytes, osteoblasts, and multiple neuronal cell types. The neural crest origin of DPSC makes them a useful source of primary cells for modeling neurological disorders at the molecular level...
June 5, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578204/pericytes-and-cardiac-stem-cells-common-features-and-peculiarities
#14
REVIEW
Antonio Paolo Beltrami, Paolo Madeddu
Clinical data and basic research indicate that the structural and functional alterations that characterize the evolution of cardiac disease towards heart failure may be, at least in part, reversed. This paradigm shift is due to the accumulation of evidence indicating that, in peculiar settings, cardiomyocytes may be replenished. Moving from the consideration that cardiomyocytes are rapidly withdrawn from the cell cycle after birth, independent laboratories have tested the hypothesis that cardiac resident stem/progenitor cells resided in mammalian hearts and were important for myocardial repair...
May 31, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534140/protective-effects-of-neural-crest-derived-stem-cell-conditioned-media-against-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-lung-injury-in-rats
#15
Chung-Kan Peng, Shu-Yu Wu, Shih-En Tang, Min-Hui Li, Shih-Shiuan Lin, Shi-Jye Chu, Kun-Lun Huang
Current treatments for ischemia-reperfusion (IR)-induced acute lung injury are limited. Mesenchymal stem cell-conditioned medium (CM) has been reported to attenuate lung injury. Neural crest stem cells (NCSCs), a type of multipotent stem cells, are more easily obtained than mesenchymal stem cells. We hypothesize that NCSC-CM has anti-inflammatory properties that could protect against IR-induced lung injury in rats. In this study, NCSC-CM was derived from rat NCSCs. Typical acute lung injury was induced by 30-min ischemia followed by 90-min reperfusion in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats...
May 23, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527575/coup-tf-genes-human-diseases-and-the-development-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-murine-models
#16
Xiong Yang, Su Feng, Ke Tang
COUP-TFI and -TFII are members of the steroid/thyroid nuclear receptor superfamily. Recent clinical studies reveal that COUP-TFI gene mutations are associated with Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf optic atrophy syndrome displaying symptoms of optic atrophy, intellectual disability, hypotonia, seizure, autism spectrum disorders, oromotor dysfunction, thin corpus callosum, or hearing defects, and COUP-TFII gene mutations lead to congenital heart defects and/or congenital diaphragmatic hernia with developmental delay and mental defects...
2017: Current Topics in Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503544/update-on-foregut-molecular-embryology-and-role-of-regenerative-medicine-therapies
#17
REVIEW
Silvia Perin, Conor J McCann, Osvaldo Borrelli, Paolo De Coppi, Nikhil Thapar
Esophageal atresia (OA) represents one of the commonest and most severe developmental disorders of the foregut, the most proximal segment of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract (esophagus and stomach) in embryological terms. Of intrigue is the common origin from this foregut of two very diverse functional entities, the digestive and respiratory systems. OA appears to result from incomplete separation of the ventral and dorsal parts of the foregut during development, resulting in disruption of esophageal anatomy and frequent association with tracheo-oesophageal fistula...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500913/myb-fusions-and-cd-markers-as-tools-for-authentication-and-purification-of-cancer-stem-cells-from-salivary-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma
#18
Alex Panaccione, Yi Zhang, Molly Ryan, Christopher A Moskaluk, Karen S Anderson, Wendell G Yarbrough, Sergey V Ivanov
Cancer stem cells (CSC) are considered the major cause of aggressive tumor behavior, recurrence, metastases, and resistance to radiation, making them an attractive therapeutic target. However, isolation of CSC from tumor tissue and their characterization are challenging due to uncertainty about their molecular markers and conditions for their propagation. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), which arises predominantly in the salivary glands, is a slow-growing but relentless tumor that frequently invades nerves and metastasizes...
May 2017: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479933/the-potential-of-enriched-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-neural-crest-cell-phenotypes-as-a-cell-source-for-regenerative-dentistry
#19
REVIEW
Kunimichi Niibe, Maolin Zhang, Kosuke Nakazawa, Satoru Morikawa, Taneaki Nakagawa, Yumi Matsuzaki, Hiroshi Egusa
Effective regenerative treatments for periodontal tissue defects have recently been demonstrated using mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs). Furthermore, current bioengineering techniques have enabled de novo fabrication of tooth-perio dental units in mice. These cutting-edge technologies are expected to address unmet needs within regenerative dentistry. However, to achieve efficient and stable treatment outcomes, preparation of an appropriate stem cell source is essential. Many researchers are investigating the use of adult stem cells for regenerative dentistry; bone marrow-derived MSCs (BM-MSCs) are particularly promising and presently used clinically...
May 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479032/taking-the-endochondral-route-to-craniomaxillofacial-bone-regeneration-a-logical-approach
#20
REVIEW
Elmer C Kruijt Spanjer, Gerhard K P Bittermann, Inge E M van Hooijdonk, Antoine J W P Rosenberg, Debby Gawlitta
The current golden standard for treatment of craniomaxillofacial critical size bone defects, autologous bone grafting, is associated with several disadvantages which have prompted an increased demand for alternatives. New solutions are emerging in the form of bone tissue engineering. This involves harvesting of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), after which they can be differentiated towards the osteogenic lineage mimicking intramembranous bone formation. However, translating this approach from laboratory to clinic has met with limited success...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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