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Chao Ji, Yue Zhang, Patricia Heller, Ying Guo
Melanocytic matrical carcinoma is a very uncommon malignant neoplasm with follicular differentiation. The lesion often presents as a solitary nodule on sun-exposed skin of elderly patients. Histopathologically, it is characterized by proliferation of atypical matrical cells admixed with an increased number of melanocytes, and some atypical matrical cells may have cytoplasmic pigment. When melanocytic proliferation or melanin pigment is prominent, melanocytic metrical carcinoma can mimic melanoma. Here, we present a novel case of melanocytic matrical carcinoma mimicking melanoma in an 80-year-old man with our findings in histopathologic and immunohistochemical study...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Oliver Chang, Zsolt Argenyi
Although malignant melanomas exhibit a wide range of immunophenotypes, concurrent loss of all 3 conventional melanocytic markers (S-100, Melan-A, and HMB-45) is relatively rare. We report a case of primary malignant melanoma with lymph node metastasis, both exhibiting loss of immunoreactivity for conventional melanocytic markers, while aberrantly expressing epithelial antigenicity (pancytokeratin, CAM 5.2).
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Kyle T Amber, Christine M Panganiban, Dorota Korta, Sebastien de Feraudy, Kristen M Kelly, Sergei A Grando
The association of bullous pemphigoid with melanoma remains controversial and poorly understood. Recent studies report the presence of the bullous pemphigoid antigen, BP180, in melanoma cells, yet not normal melanocytes, suggesting an underlying mechanism for cases of melanoma-associated bullous pemphigoid. We report on an 88-year-old woman who showed a temporal relationship between the development of bullous pemphigoid and melanoma. The patient did not receive programmed death ligand 1 inhibitor therapy and improved rapidly following complete excision of her melanoma, with clobetasol, doxycycline, and niacinamide...
October 18, 2016: Melanoma Research
Gino A Vena, Maria Concetta Fargnoli, Nicoletta Cassano, Giuseppe Argenziano
The sudden eruption of melanocytic nevi has been associated with a number of conditions, such as bullous skin diseases, immunodeficiency and immunosuppression. The exact mechanisms leading to the development of eruptive melanocytic nevi are unknown. Areas covered: The aim of this article is to review the literature concerning eruptive melanocytic nevi following the administration of immunosuppressive drugs and other medications. Expert opinion: The literature regarding the development of eruptive nevi in association with pharmacological therapies includes a relatively low number of reports...
October 19, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
Lezi Chen, Quan Chen, Guosan Deng, Wenbin Xie, Jihong Lian, Mian Wang, Huilan Zhu
Recent studies suggest that forced activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) could inhibit melanoma cell proliferation. In this report, we evaluated the anti-melanoma cell activity by a novel small-molecular AMPK activator, GSK621. Treatment of GSK621 decreased survival and proliferation of human melanoma cells (A375, WM-115 and SK-Mel-2 lines), which was accompanied by activation of caspase-3/-9 and apoptosis. Reversely, caspase inhibitors attenuated GSK621-induced cytotoxicity against melanoma cells...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Marie-Françoise Avril
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Annales de Pathologie
Clay J Cockerell, Jaime Tschen, Brent Evans, Emily Bess, John Kidd, Kathryn A Kolquist, Colleen Rock, Loren E Clarke
It is well documented that histopathologic examination is sometimes inadequate for accurate and reproducible diagnosis of certain melanocytic neoplasms. Recently, a 23-gene expression signature has been clinically validated as an adjunctive diagnostic test to differentiate benign nevi from malignant melanomas. This study aimed to quantify the impact of this test on diagnosis and treatment recommendations made by dermatopathologists.Diagnostically challenging melanocytic lesions encountered during routine dermatopathology practice were submitted for gene expression testing and received a melanoma diagnostic score (MDS)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
James Y Wang, Gerard Nuovo, Mitchell Kline, Cynthia M Magro
Epithelial sheath neuroma is a rarely recognized but established entity in the medical literature. First described in 2000 by Requena et al, there have only been 7 published cases to date, mostly in female patients and presenting as symptomatic solitary lesions on the back without a known history of trauma. In 2006, Beer et al described and reviewed a dozen cases in which epithelial sheath neuroma-like features were seen in the advent of a surgical procedure, which was termed "re-excision perineural invasion" and attributed to possible eccrine duct implantation during surgery...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Mohamed Alsharedi, Nadim Bou Zgheib, Yousef Khelfa, Ali Raufi, Nabiha Elmsherghi, Yehuda Lebowicz
Malignant melanoma, as the name implies, is a malignant tumor of melanocytes, found in the skin, eyes, meningeal lining and the mucosal epithelium of the aero-digestive and genitourinary tracts. Malignant melanoma is typically skin malignancy, which rarely presents at extracutaneous site. Here we present a rare case of primary retroperitoneal melanoma and review the findings in comparison with other cases described in literature.
September 5, 2016: Rare Tumors
So Min Lyu, Ju Yeon Wu, Ji Yeon Byun, Hae Young Choi, Sang Hee Park, You Won Choi
BACKGROUND: The role of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase signaling pathway in the development of acral melanoma has recently gained evidence. Phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN), one of the key molecules in the pathway, acts as a tumor suppressor through either an Akt-dependent or Akt-independent pathway. Akt accelerates degradation of p53. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the expression of PTEN, phospho-Akt (p-Akt), and p53 by immunohistochemistry in benign acral nevi, acral dysplastic nevi, and acral melanomas in the radial growth phase and with a vertical growth component...
October 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Pham Thi Be Tu, Binh Cao Quan Nguyen, Shinkichi Tawata, Cheong-Yong Yun, Eung Gook Kim, Hiroshi Maruta
We previously demonstrated that the oncogenic kinase PAK4, which both melanomas and normal melanocytes express at a very high level, is essential for their melanogenesis. In the present study, using the highly sensitive "Macaroni-Western" (IP-ATP-Glo) kinase assay, we investigated the melanogenic potential of another oncogenic kinase PAK1, which melanoma (B16F10) cells express only at a very minute level. After transfecting melanoma cells with PAK1-shRNA for silencing PAK1 gene, melanin content, tyrosinase activity, and kinase activity of PAK1 were compared between the wild-type and transfectants...
October 17, 2016: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Beryl Royer-Bertrand, Matteo Torsello, Donata Rimoldi, Ikram El Zaoui, Katarina Cisarova, Rosanna Pescini-Gobert, Franck Raynaud, Leonidas Zografos, Ann Schalenbourg, Daniel Speiser, Michael Nicolas, Laureen Vallat, Robert Klein, Serge Leyvraz, Giovanni Ciriello, Nicolò Riggi, Alexandre P Moulin, Carlo Rivolta
Uveal melanoma (UM) is a rare intraocular tumor that, similar to cutaneous melanoma, originates from melanocytes. To gain insights into its genetics, we performed whole-genome sequencing at very deep coverage of tumor-control pairs in 33 samples (24 primary and 9 metastases). Genome-wide, the number of coding mutations was rather low (only 17 variants per tumor on average; range 7-28), thus radically different from cutaneous melanoma, where hundreds of exonic DNA insults are usually detected. Furthermore, no UV light-induced mutational signature was identified...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Kabeer K Shah, Julia S Lehman, Lawrence E Gibson, Christine M Lohse, Nneka I Comfere, Carilyn N Wieland
BACKGROUND: Teledermatopathology has evolved from static images to whole slide imaging (WSI), which allows for remote viewing and manipulation of tissue sections. Previous studies of WSI in teledermatopathology predated College of American Pathologists (CAP) telepathology validation guidelines. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a comprehensive retrospective WSI validation study of routine dermatopathology cases, adhering to CAP guidelines. METHOD: In all, 181 consecutive cases arranged into 3 categories (inflammatory, melanocytic, nonmelanocytic proliferations) were reviewed by 3 board-certified dermatopathologists via traditional microscopy (TM) and WSI...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
P Urban, M Rabajdová, B Veliká, I Špaková, B Bolerázska, M Mareková
BACKGROUND: Malignant melanoma is one of the most aggressive types of cancers. Melanoma is derived from pigment-producing cells, melanocytes, which are characterized by a specific survival mechanism. Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF-M) plays a role in the metabolism of melanoma and is involved in the regulation of the expression of multiple genes mediating processes such as melanogenesis, proliferation, differentiation, and melanocyte survival. The expression of this transcription factor in melanocytes is activated by several signaling pathways, and reduced expression or function of MITF-M can cause the dysregulation of anti-apoptotic mechanisms...
2016: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Rosario Pivonello, Marlijn Waaijers, Johan M Kros, Claudia Pivonello, Cristina de Angelis, Alessia Cozzolino, Annamaria Colao, Steven W J Lamberts, Leo J Hofland
The dopamine D2 receptor is the main dopamine receptor expressed in the human normal pituitary gland. The aim of the current study was to evaluate dopamine D2 receptor expression in the corticotroph cell populations of the anterior lobe and pars intermedia, as well as posterior lobe of the human normal pituitary gland by immunohistochemistry. Human normal pituitary gland samples obtained from routine autopsies were used for the study. In all cases, histology together with immunostaining for adrenocorticotropic hormone, melanocyte-stimulating hormone, prolactin, and neurofilaments were performed and compared to the immunostaining for D2 receptor...
October 13, 2016: Endocrine
Renata Ottes Vasconcelos, Silvina Odete Bustos, Juliana Ramos Gonzalez, Camila Wink Soares, Makely Daiane Barbosa, Roger Chammas, Ana Paula de Souza Votto, Gilma Santos Trindade
Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega 3 PUFA) are attracting a growing interest as potential adjuvants for cancer prevention and treatment. There is evidence about photoprotection in normal cells, but few previous studies have evaluated it in tumoral cells. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of α-linolenic acid (ALA) in normal murine melanocytic cells (Melan-a) and in tumoral murine melanocytic cells (B16F10) exposed to UVB radiation. Our results showed that ALA exhibited an antiproliferative effect in B16F10 cells, and had minimal effect in Melan-a cells, as demonstrated by MTT assay...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Neelam S Kumari, Shyamala Srujana, Annapoorna Sireesha, L Krishna, O Sharavan Kumar
Esophageal melanocytosis is a rare benign condition characterized by melanocytic proliferation in esophageal squamous epithelium and melanin deposition in the mucosa. Because of its uncommon nature, pathologists and gastroenterologists lack experience with this entity. We present a case of esophageal melanocytosis in a 66 years old male patient who presented with atypical chest pain and dysphagia. Endoscopic guided biopsy was done, provisional diagnosis of esophageal melanocytosis was made. Bleaching and immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis...
May 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Chunya Ni, Marie-Sophie Narzt, Ionela-Mariana Nagelreiter, Cheng Feng Zhang, Lionel Larue, Heidemarie Rossiter, Johannes Grillari, Erwin Tschachler, Florian Gruber
Autophagy is a recycling program which allows cells to adapt to metabolic needs and to stress. Defects in autophagy can affect metabolism, aging, proteostasis and inflammation. Autophagy pathway genes, including autophagy related 7 (Atg7), have been associated with the regulation of skin pigmentation, and autophagy defects disturb the biogenesis and transport of melanosomes in melanocytes as well as transfer and processing of melanin into keratinocytes. We have previously shown that mice whose melanocytes or keratinocytes lack Atg7 (and thus autophagy) as a result of specific gene knockout still retained functioning melanosome synthesis and transfer, and displayed only moderate reduction of pigmentation...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Bérengère Dadone, Denys Fontaine, Lydiane Mondot, Gaël Cristofari, Anne Jouvet, Catherine Godfraind, Pascale Varlet, Dominique Ranchère-Vince, Jean-Michel Coindre, Lauris Gastaud, Christian Baudoin, Annie-Claude Peyron, Antoine Thyss, Michael Coutts, Jean-François Michiels, Florence Pedeutour, Fanny Burel-Vandenbos
AIMS: Bi-allelic inactivation of SMARCB1 (also known as INI1) and loss of immunohistochemical expression of SMARCB1 defines the group of SMARCB1-deficient tumors. Initially highlighted in malignant rhabdoid tumors, this inactivation has subsequently been observed in several intra and extracranial tumors. To date, primary meningeal SMARCB1-deficient tumors have not been described. We report two cases of meningeal SMARCB1-deficient tumors occurring in adults. METHODS: We performed immunohistochemical analyses, comparative genomic hybridization, fluorescence in situ hybridization and targeted next generation sequencing...
October 12, 2016: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Anna Biernacka, Konstantinos D Linos, Peter A DeLong, Arief A Suriawinata, Vijayalakshmi Padmanabhan, Xiaoying Liu
When confronted with a metastatic poorly differentiated tumor of unknown origin, the initial workup includes the standard panel of immunostains to rule out carcinoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, and the greatest mimicker in pathology - malignant melanoma. Although not specific, the S-100 protein is expressed in over 95% of malignant melanomas. Herein, we present a case of multiorgan metastatic malignancy with a dominant hilar and mediastinal mass in a current smoker; clinically, highly suggestive of widespread primary lung cancer...
2016: CytoJournal
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