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autoimmune thyroid diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650329/correlation-of-thyroid-antibodies-with-tsh-t3-and-t4-hormones-in-patients-diagnosed-with-autoimmune-thyroid-disorders
#1
Mohammed W Al-Rabia
The serum concentrations of anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) and anti-thyroglobulin (anti-TG) antibodies are directly correlate in the induction and diagnosis of autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITDs). Therefore, the evaluation of serum anti-TPO and anti-TG antibodies in relation to thyroid function test parameters including thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroxine (T4). This evaluation would be helpful in early diagnosis of abnormal thyroid function and associated autoimmune thyroid diseases...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648513/inheritable-and-sporadic-non-autoimmune-hyperthyroidism
#2
REVIEW
Carolina Ferraz, Ralf Paschke
Hyperthyroidism is a clinical state that results from high thyroid hormone levels which has multiple etiologies, manifestations, and potential therapies. Excluding the autoimmune Graves disease, autonomic adenomas account for the most import cause of non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism. Activating germline mutations of the TSH receptor are rare etiologies for hyperthyroidism. They can be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner (familial or hereditary, FNAH), or may occur sporadically as a de novo condition, also called: persistent sporadic congenital non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism (PSNAH)...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644255/periodic-paralysis-and-encephalopathy-as-initial-manifestations-of-graves-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Theocharis Tsironis, Athanasios Tychalas, Dimitrios Kiourtidis, Jannis Kountouras, Georgia Xiromerisiou, Jobst Rudolf, Georgia Deretzi
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is an uncommon complication of Graves' disease, characterized by the triad of acute hypokalemia without total body potassium deficit, episodic muscle paralysis, and thyrotoxicosis. Graves' encephalopathy is an extremely rare form of encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (EAATD), characterized by neuropsychiatric symptoms, increased antithyroid antibodies and cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration, nonspecific electroencephalogram abnormalities, and cortico-responsiveness...
July 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641149/thyroid-autoimmunity-in-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Margherita Barbuti, André F Carvalho, Cristiano A Köhler, Andrea Murru, Norma Verdolini, Giovanni Guiso, Ludovic Samalin, Michael Maes, Brendon Stubbs, Giulio Perugi, Eduard Vieta, Isabella Pacchiarotti
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence points to the pathophysiological relevance between immune dysfunction and mood disorders. High rates of thyroid dysfunction have been found in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), compared to the general population. A systematic review of the relationship between BD and thyroid autoimmunity was performed. METHODS: Pubmed, EMBASE and PsycINFO databases were searched up till January 28th, 2017. This review has been conducted according to the PRISMA statements...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639965/is-selenium-supplementation-in-autoimmune-thyroid-diseases-justified
#5
Kristian H Winther, Steen Bonnema, Laszlo Hegedüs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an appraisal of recent evidence for or against selenium supplementation in patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases, and discusses possible effect mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiological data suggest an increased prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases under conditions of low dietary selenium intake. Two systematic reviews have evaluated controlled trials among patients with autoimmune thyroiditis and report that selenium supplementation decreases circulating thyroid autoantibodies...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639207/the-cell-biology-of-the-thyroid-disrupting-mechanism-of-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane-ddt
#6
REVIEW
M Rossi, A R Taddei, I Fasciani, R Maggio, F Giorgi
OBJECTIVE: Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is an organochlorine known for its pesticide properties and for its negative effects on human health. It was banned in most countries for its toxicity to the endocrine system, but due to its persistence at clinically relevant concentrations in both soil and animal tissues, DDT is still linked to several health and social problems. METHODS: We have previously shown that DDT exposure is causally related to the extracellular release of vesicular organelles such as microvesicles and/or exosomes by using immunocytochemistry with gold-tagged antibodies and various fluorescent membrane markers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636775/role-of-the-tumour-necrosis-factor-like-weak-inducer-of-apoptosis-tweak-fibroblast-growth-factor-inducible-14-fn14-axis-in-autoimmune-thyroid-disease
#7
Shiqiao Peng, Xiaohui Yu, Xuemin Zhao, Xinyi Wang, Xuren Sun, Cheng Han, Zhongyan Shan, Chenyan Li, Weiping Teng
BACKGROUND: TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), its receptor fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14) and its scavenger receptor CD163 (sCD163) have known associations with many autoimmune diseases. However, the role of the TWEAK axis in autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of the TWEAK-Fn14 axis in the pathogenesis of AITD. METHODS: Serum levels of soluble TWEAK (sTWEAK) and sCD163 were measured in 38 patients with Graves' disease (GD), 40 patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), and 40 healthy controls (HCs)...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627279/maternal-autoimmune-disorders-and-fetal-defects
#8
Anca Maria Panaitescu, Kypros Nicolaides
Maternal autoantibodies can cross the placenta and cause fetal damage. This article summarizes the development and management of fetal thyroid goiter in response to maternal Graves' disease and/or its treatment with antithyroid medication, fetal heart block due to maternal anti-Ro and anti-La antibodies, fetal athrogryposis multiplex congenita in association with maternal myasthenia gravis and fetal brain hemorrhage due to maternal autoimmune thrombocytopenia.
June 18, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627089/analysis-of-ptpn22-zfat-and-myo9b-polymorphisms-in-turner-syndrome-and-risk-of-autoimmune-disease
#9
E Villanueva-Ortega, B Ahedo, M A Fonseca-Sánchez, J Pérez-Durán, N Garibay-Nieto, M T Macías-Galavíz, Y Trujillo-Cabrera, E García-Latorre, G Queipo
Turner syndrome (TS) is one of the most common sexual chromosome abnormalities and is clearly associated with an increased risk of autoimmune diseases, particularly thyroid disease and coeliac disease (CD). Single-nucleotide polymorphism analyses have been shown to provide correlative evidence that specific genes are associated with autoimmune disease. Our aim was to study the functional polymorphic variants of PTPN22 and ZFAT in relation to thyroid disease and those of MYO9B in relation to CD. A cross-sectional comparative analysis was performed on Mexican mestizo patients with TS and age-matched healthy females...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626447/autoimmune-thyroiditis-and-glomerulopathies
#10
REVIEW
Domenico Santoro, Carmela Vadalà, Rossella Siligato, Michele Buemi, Salvatore Benvenga
Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) is generally associated with hypothyroidism. It affects ~2% of the female population and 0.2% of the male population. The evidence of thyroid function- and thyroid autoantibody-unrelated microproteinuria in almost half of patients with AIT and sometimes heavy proteinuria as in the nephrotic syndrome point to a link of AIT with renal disease. The most common renal diseases observed in AIT are membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, minimal change disease, IgA nephropathy, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) vasculitis, and amyloidosis...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623469/association-between-giant-cell-arteritis-and-thyroid-dysfunction-in-a-real-life-population
#11
Yarden Yavne, Shmuel Tiosano, Abdulla Watad, Doron Comaneshter, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Arnon D Cohen, Howard Amital
PURPOSE: Giant cell arteritis is a systemic autoimmune disorder which involves inflammation of medium to large vessels. The association between giant cell arteritis and autoimmune thyroid disorders has been investigated numerous times in the literature with inconsistent results. Our objective was to evaluate whether a genuine association exists between giant cell arteritis and thyroid dysfunction, which is often due to immune-mediated thyroid disease. METHODS: Utilizing the medical database of Clalit Health Services, we compared the proportion of hypo and hyperthyroidisim between patients with giant cell arteritis and age-matched and gender-matched controls in a cross-sectional study...
June 16, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623177/delay-in-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease-in-patients-without-gastrointestinal-complaints
#12
Marco A Paez, Anna Maria Gramelspacher, James Sinacore, Laura Winterfield, Mukund Venu
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study is to investigate the delay in diagnosis of patients with biopsy-proven celiac disease in those who present with gastrointestinal complaints vs non-gastrointestinal complaints at our tertiary care center. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder which affects approximately 1% of the population worldwide. Celiac disease can have variable clinical presentations characterized by either predominately gastrointestinal symptoms or may present without any gastrointestinal symptom...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619420/study-of-factors-that-influence-the-outcome-of-131-i-treatment-in-hyperthyroidism-secondary-to-nodular-goitre
#13
O Tabuenca-Dopico, R Boente-Varela, J L Lamas-Ferreiro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcome after (131)I treatment in patients with multinodular (MNG) and nodular toxic goitre (NTG) according to the administered dose and other factors related to the patient, pathology, or previous treatments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 108 patients (67 MNG and 41 NTG) treated in our department, with a follow-up period of at least 2 years. Development of hypothyroidism and treatment failure were evaluated along with their relationship with the administered dose and other factors such as age, sex, grade of hyperthyroidism, type of goitre, presence of autoimmunity, or previous antithyroid medication...
June 12, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618767/skin-findings-in-autoimmune-and-nonautoimmune-thyroid-disease-with-respect-to-thyroid-functional-status-and-healthy-controls
#14
Mümtaz Takir, Emin Özlü, Osman Köstek, Zafer Türkoğlu, Hasan Hüseyin Mutlu, Tuğba Kevser Uzunçakmak, Necmettin Akdeniz, Ayşe Serap Karadağ
BACKGROUND/AIM: Thyroid disorders are associated with a wide variety of skin disorders that respond to treatment of hormone imbalance in most cases and thus are of vital importance to dermatologists. This study aimed to evaluate skin findings associated with autoimmune and nonautoimmune thyroid disease with respect to thyroid functional status and healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 300 consecutive patients with either autoimmune (n = 173) or nonautoimmune (n = 127) thyroid disease and 100 healthy control subjects were included in this cross-sectional study...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615030/the-autoimmune-burden-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#15
Elena Tronconi, Angela Miniaci, Andrea Pession
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis of unknown origin which can be considered an autoimmune disease (AD). The aim of this study is to analyse the presence of two or more autoimmune diseases (polyautoimmunity) in patients suffering from JIA and to evaluate the occurrence of ADs in their families. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with JIA aged 0-21 years, admitted to the Paediatric Rheumatology Unit, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Bologna were screened for ADs...
June 14, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609284/premature-ovarian-failure-could-be-an-alarming-sign-of-polyglandular-autoimmune-dysfunction
#16
Aasem Saif, M Assem
A 31-year-old lady, diagnosed to have premature ovarian failure in the gynecology clinic, was referred for endocrine assessment because of an abnormal thyroid function test. Clinical examination revealed hypotension, and fungal skin infection under her atrophic breasts. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level was very high. Assessment of the suprarenal function revealed evidence of Addison's disease. Polyglandular autoimmune dysfunction was diagnosed. She was treated with prednisone, fludrocortisone, and levothyroxine with significant improvement of her general condition and blood pressure...
April 25, 2017: Endocrine Regulations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606272/-progression-of-the-pathogenesis-of-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#17
L Wang, J M Ma
Thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is a common complication of Graves' disease (GD). The clinical manifestations are mainly swelling and retracted eyelid, protopsis and limited eye movements, and optic neuropathy can be seen in severe cases. The mechanism of TAO is not yet clear. A large number of studies have found that the disorders of autoimmunity play an important role in TAO, while genetic factors, oxidative stress, and environmental factors such as smoking participate in it. Therefore, we consult a large number of studies and expound the pathogenesis from the aspects of genetic susceptibility, immune mechanism, oxidative stress, and the effects of smoking to provide referrences for clinical associated studies...
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606261/-investigation-of-reason-and-treatment-methods-for-active-refractory-and-recurrence-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy
#18
Q L Luo
TAO is a common autoimmune orbital disease. 20% to 30% patients in active phase of moderate to severe TAO have no reponse to treatment or relapse after treatment, which become a difficult problem in clinical treatment. In this paper, the necessity of the treatment, etiology, treatment difficulties and treatment measures of TAO are discussed, in order to make great efforts to solve the clinical problems and to treat such patients. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2017, 53: 408-412).
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606260/-the-stepwise-establishment-of-standardized-treatment-for-the-thyroid-eye-disease
#19
J Qian
Thyroid associated ophthalmopathy is a complex autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the orbital tissue, hyaluronan deposition and tissue remodeling due to a skewed production of preadipocytic fibroblasts and increased adipogenesis in the late stage. Its progression is strongly related to the functional status of thyroid. So far, there is no consensus on staging, grading and treatment worldwide owning to the complexity of its clinical manifestations and therapies. However, it is of great importance to accurately judge its status and make individualized therapeutic regimen...
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598035/genetic-study-of-early-onset-graves-disease-in-the-chinese-han-population
#20
Fei-Fei Yuan, Xiao-Ping Ye, Wei Liu, Li-Qiong Xue, Yu-Ru Ma, Le-Le Zhang, Man-Man Zhang, Feng Sun, Yue-Yue Wan, Qian-Yue Zhang, Shuang-Xia Zhao, Huai-Dong Song
Graves' disease (GD) is a complex autoimmune disorder in which genetic and environmental factors are both involved in the pathogenesis. Early-onset patients have a shorter exposure time to environmental factors and are, therefore, good models to help understand the genetic architecture of GD. Based on previous studies of early-onset GD, eleven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and their related SNPs (R(2) > 0.6), SNPs located within a ± 1-Mb region of the FOXP3 gene, and twenty validated GD-risk SNPs were selected and screened for genotyping in 3,735 GD and 4,893 control patients to investigate whether early-onset GD is a subtype of GD with distinct susceptibility genes...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Genetics
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