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autoimmune thyroid diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777250/prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-patients-with-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#1
Alina Grozdinska, Elisabeth Hofmann, Matthias Schmid, Ursula Hirschfelder
OBJECTIVES: Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD), also known as Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT), is a degenerative inflammatory disease with high prevalence among women and has been associated with fibromyalgia and widespread chronic pain. The goal was to determine the frequency of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients with HT. METHODS: In all, 119 women (age 19-60 years) were divided into a study (52 women diagnosed with HT) and a control (67 healthy individuals, of which 15 were excluded) group...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772544/antigen-specific-therapy-of-graves%C3%A2-disease-and-orbitopathy-by-induction-of-tolerance
#2
Martin Ungerer, Julia Fabbender, Hans-Peter Holthoff
Graves´ disease is an autoimmune disorder, which is characterized by stimulatory antibodies targeting the human thyrotropin receptor (TSHR), resulting in hyperthyroidism and multiple organ damage. The disease can be modelled in mice using adenoviral immunizations with the extracellular A subunit of the TSHR, which induces a long-term stable disease state. TSHR binding cAMP-stimulatory antibodies, thyroid enlargement, elevated serum thyroxin levels, tachycardia, cardiac hypertrophy and orbitopathy are observed in these Ad-TSHR-immunized mice...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772535/untangling-thyroid-autoimmunity-through-modeling-and-simulation
#3
Stephen J Merrill, Balamurugan Pandiyan
Thyroid autoimmunity is characterized by a large number of identified factors, and determining the relative importance of genetics and environment, for instance, can be difficult. In addition, the definition and progression of the individual diseases can also be challenging, and questions such as "when to begin treatment" or even "should treatment be begun" can be problematic. One approach to handling situations in which there are many factors is utilizing mathematical modeling. In a model, quantities that are clinically measurable are related through equations, based on known and inferred relationships between the systems involved...
June 1, 2018: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771881/-prediction-of-activity-and-severity-of-endocrine-ophthalmopathy-by-multidimensional-linear-regression-modeling
#4
V G Lihvantseva, M S Afanasev, E A Rudenko, A V Karaulov, S S Afanasev, E V Korosteleva, V A Vygodin
Endocrine ophthalmopathy (EOP) is a severe chronic autoimmune disease associated with autoimmune thyroid pathology that leads to loss of sight, cosmetic defects and quality of life decrease. EOP is difficult to give prognosis for due to various factors affecting its course and outcome. PURPOSE: To develop a reliable and precise prognosis method for EOP activity and severity based on personalized combination of risk factors in specific patients by multidimensional linear regression modeling...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771756/thyrotropin-receptor-antibodies-an-overview
#5
Anupam Kotwal, Marius Stan
PURPOSE: Thyroid autoimmunity affects approximately 5% of the population, and its investigation relies heavily on the use of autoantibodies. Thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) autoantibodies (TRAb) play a central role in the evaluation of Graves disease (GD), Graves ophthalmopathy (GO) and pretibial myxedema (PTM). However, there is still controversy regarding overall TRAb assay diagnostic accuracy and their prognostic utility. METHODS: We reviewed and analyzed the literature reporting TRAb assays and their clinical utility...
May 2, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771755/thyroid-stimulating-hormone-receptor-antibodies-in-thyroid-eye-disease-methodology-and-clinical-applications
#6
Tanja Diana, George J Kahaly
BACKGROUND: Thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibodies (TSHR-Ab) cause autoimmune hyperthyroidism and are prevalent in patients with related thyroid eye disease (TED). PURPOSE: To provide a historical perspective on TSHR-Ab and to present evidence-based recommendations for clinical contemporary use. METHODS: The authors review the recent literature pertaining to TSHR-Ab in patients with TED and describe the various immunoassays currently used for detecting TSHR-Ab and their clinical applications...
May 2, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771752/radiotherapy-for-active-thyroid-eye-disease
#7
Kyle J Godfrey, Michael Kazim
PURPOSE: To critically review the published literature on orbital radiotherapy as a treatment modality for thyroid eye disease (TED). METHODS: A systematic review and analysis of the relevant published literature was performed. RESULTS: Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune condition that is amenable to treatments that modulate the immune response, including orbital radiotherapy (ORT). Ideal candidates for ORT are patients in the early, active phase of TED with moderate to severe, or rapidly progressive, disease, including patients with significant motility deficits and compressive optic neuropathy...
May 2, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766725/-the-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-patients-with-autoimmune-thyroiditis-in-hypothyroid-stadium
#8
Štefan Sotak, Ivica Lazúrová, Marek Felšöci, Božena Nováková, Hedviga Wagnerová
INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2T) are the two most common endocrinological diseases worldwide. The relationship between T1DM and autoimmune thyreopathies is known and described, but the relationship between thyreopathies and diabetes type 2 is not clarified sufficiently through that studies manifest increasingly the connection between them. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the prevalence of DM2T in patients with AIT in hypothyroid stadium and compare with common population and investigate a possible association between thyroid and glucose metabolism parameters...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765437/evaluation-of-ovarian-reserve-in-women-with-overt-or-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#9
Ferit Kerim Kucukler, Umit Gorkem, Yasin Simsek, Ramazan Kocabas, Serdar Guler
Introduction: Thyroid dysfunction is among the most common autoimmune disorders in women of reproductive age. Previous studies have shown the association between autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) and infertility. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is secreted by granulosa cells and is a useful marker for assessment of ovarian reserve. In the present study, we sought to evaluate the ovarian reserves of women with autoimmune thyroid disorder by measurement of AMH values. Material and methods: This prospective study included women with newly diagnosed AITD aged between 20 and 40 years...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765436/anti-thyroid-antibodies-parietal-cell-antibodies-and-tissue-transglutaminase-antibodies-in-patients-with-autoimmune-thyroid-disease
#10
Orit Twito, Yonatan Shapiro, Aviva Golan-Cohen, Yoav Dickstein, Rosane Ness-Abramof, Menachem Shapiro
Introduction: The co-existence of tissue-specific autoantibodies in autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) is well established. The published prevalence of anti-parietal cell antibodies (PC-Ab) is 20-25%, and that of celiac antibodies is 2-5%. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of PC-Ab and anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (tTG-Ab) in patients with ATD and to evaluate the correlation between anti-thyroid antibodies and the other antibodies. Material and methods: The files of 120 Israeli Jews and Arabs with ATD were evaluated for anti-thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab), PC-Ab and tTG-Ab...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765404/meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-vitamin-d-receptor-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-autoimmune-thyroid-disease
#11
Xue-Ren Gao, Yong-Guo Yu
The association between vitamin D receptor ( VDR ) polymorphisms (rs731236, rs1544410, rs2228570, and rs7975232) and the risk of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) had been investigated in previous studies. However, the results of these studies remained controversial. Thus, a meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise conclusion. All related articles were systematically searched by PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of association...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752312/slit2-modulates-the-inflammatory-phenotype-of-orbit-infiltrating-fibrocytes-in-graves-disease
#12
Roshini Fernando, Ana Beatriz Diniz Grisolia, Yan Lu, Stephen Atkins, Terry J Smith
Human CD34+ fibrocytes, circulating monocyte lineage progenitor cells, have recently been implicated in thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), the ocular manifestation of Graves' disease (GD). Fibrocytes express constitutive MHC class II (MHC-2) and, surprisingly, thyroglobulin (Tg) and functional thyrotropin (TSH) receptor (TSHR). Underlying expression of these thyroid proteins is the autoimmune regulator protein (AIRE). Fibrocytes respond robustly to TSH and thyroid-stimulating Igs by generating extremely high levels of inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-6...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744034/new-advances-in-understanding-thyroid-associated-ophthalmopathy-and-the-potential-role-for-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-receptor
#13
REVIEW
Terry J Smith
Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), a localized periocular manifestation of the autoimmune syndrome known as Graves' disease, remains incompletely understood. Discussions of its pathogenesis are generally focused on the thyrotropin receptor, the proposed role for which is supported by substantial evidence. Considerations of any involvement of the insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) in the disease are frequently contentious. In this brief, topically focused review, I have attempted to provide a balanced perspective based entirely on experimental results that either favor or refute involvement of IGF-IR in TAO...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736303/hypothyroidism-in-patients-with-autoimmune-pancreatitis
#14
Ryoko Shimizuguchi, Terumi Kamisawa, Yuka Endo, Masataka Kikuyama, Sawako Kuruma, Kazuro Chiba, Taku Tabata, Satomi Koizumi
AIM: To examine thyroid function and clinical features of hypothyroidism in autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) patients. METHODS: We examined thyroid function in 77 patients with type 1 AIP (50 males, 27 females; median age 68 years, range 33-85) diagnosed according to the Japanese diagnostic criteria for AIP 2011. We compared clinical and serological findings between patients with and without various categories of hypothyroidism. The change in hypothyroidism after steroid therapy was also examined...
May 6, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736194/thyroid-associated-orbitopathy-and-biomarkers-where-we-are-and-what-we-can-hope-for-the-future
#15
REVIEW
Natacha Turck, Simone Eperon, Maria De Los Angeles Gracia, Aurélie Obéric, Mehrad Hamédani
Background: Thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) is the most common autoimmune disease of the orbit. It occurs more often in patients presenting with hyperthyroidism, characteristic of Graves' disease, but may be associated with hypothyroidism or euthyroidism. The diagnosis of TAO is based on clinical orbital features, radiological criteria, and the potential association with thyroid disease. To date, there is no specific marker of the orbital disease, making the early diagnosis difficult, especially if the orbital involvement precedes the thyroid dysfunction...
2018: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730659/myxedema-coma-due-to-hashimoto-thyroiditis-a-rare-but-real-presentation-of-failure-to-thrive-in-infancy
#16
Ryan A Heksch, Rohan K Henry
BACKGROUND: Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is uncommon in infancy, and myxedema coma (MC) is even less common. While prior reports have documented these entities separately, to our knowledge, MC in combination with HT has not been reported before in this age group. METHODS/RESULTS: A 10-month-old female presented with ptosis, lethargy, dysphagia, and failure to thrive (FTT). She developed hypotension, bradycardia, hypothermia, and apnea requiring intubation. Initial thyroid-stimulating hormone was 422 μIU/mL, and free thyroxine was < 0...
May 4, 2018: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729448/quality-of-life-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders-in-patients-with-graves-orbitopathy-current-concepts
#17
REVIEW
Alice Bruscolini, Marta Sacchetti, Maurizio La Cava, Marcella Nebbioso, Angela Iannitelli, Adele Quartini, Alessandro Lambiase, Massimo Ralli, Armando de Virgilio, Antonio Greco
Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune chronic thyroiditis frequently associated with development of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) characterized by proptosis, strabismus, impairment of visual function, ocular surface inflammation and dry eye. As consequence, patients with GO experience impairment of quality of life and social function and could develop a neurobehavioral syndrome, ranging from anxious to depressive or psychotic disorders. To date, the pathogenic mechanism underlying neuropsychiatric disorders in patients with GD has not been clearly understood...
May 2, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729141/harmonization-in-autoimmune-thyroid-disease-diagnostics
#18
Renato Tozzoli, Nicola Bizzaro
In this review we analyze all aspects of total testing process regarding the measurement of antithyroid peroxidase, antithyroglobulin and antithyrotropin receptor autoantibodies. The main critical points related to the preanalytical, analytical and postanalytical steps of autoimmune thyroid disease diagnostics are considered, focusing on harmonization of autoimmune thyroid tests request, retesting intervals, terminology of thyroid autoantibodies, measurement units and definition of reference limits. Harmonization in thyroid autoantibody testing is a relevant example of feasible harmonization in autoimmunology...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727207/the-impact-of-autoimmunity-related-early-ovarian-aging-on-icsi-cycle-outcome
#19
Gulay Beydilli Nacak, Enis Ozkaya, Cigdem Yayla Abide, Bulent Emre Bilgic, Belgin Devranoglu, Reyyan Gokcen Iscan
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies (Anti-TPO) on the in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) outcome in women with poor ovarian reserve but normal thyrotropin levels. A total of 300 patients with poor ovarian reserve undergoing ICSI cycle from April 2015 to December 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Subjects were divided into two groups: Group 1: Women with early ovarian aging, Group 2: Women with age related poor ovarian reserve. All subjects underwent anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (anti-TPO) analysis...
May 4, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721541/cutting-edge-endonasal-surgical-approaches-to-thyroid-ophthalmopathy
#20
REVIEW
Matthew A Tyler, Caroline C Zhang, Alok T Saini, William C Yao
Objective: Thyroid orbitopathy is a poorly understood extrathyroidal manifestation of Graves' disease that can cause disfiguring proptosis and vision loss. Orbital decompression surgery for Graves' orbitopathy (GO) can address both cosmetic and visual sequelae of this autoimmune condition. Endonasal endoscopic orbital decompression provides unmatched visualization and access to inferomedial orbital wall and orbital apex. This review examines the state of the art approaches employed in endonasal endoscopic orbital decompression for GO...
April 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
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