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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218816/new-polymers-beautiful-structures-but-how-can-we-bring-them-to-the-market
#1
EDITORIAL
Brigitte Voit
"… Nobody in our academic polymer community doubts that polymers are the materials of the 21st century, and will continue to enable and drive the development of future technologies, and ensure our high standard of living and wellbeing in the context of both an aging population and the energy transformation. However, we should be aware that there is a difference between polymers and plastics …" Read more about this perspective in the Guest Editorial by Brigitte Voit.
February 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218687/uv-radiation-from-physics-to-impacts
#2
EDITORIAL
Hanns Moshammer, Stana Simic, Daniela Haluza
Ultraviolet (UV) radiation has affected life at least since the first life forms moved out of the seas and crawled onto the land. Therefore, one might assume that evolution has adapted to natural UV radiation. However, evolution is mostly concerned with the propagation of the genetic code, not with a long, happy, and fulfilling life. Because rickets is bad for a woman giving birth, the beneficial effects of UV-radiation outweigh the adverse effects like aged skin and skin tumors of various grades of malignancy that usually only afflict us at older age...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218660/anaphase-a-disassembling-microtubules-move-chromosomes-toward-spindle-poles
#3
REVIEW
Charles L Asbury
The separation of sister chromatids during anaphase is the culmination of mitosis and one of the most strikingly beautiful examples of cellular movement. It consists of two distinct processes: Anaphase A, the movement of chromosomes toward spindle poles via shortening of the connecting fibers, and anaphase B, separation of the two poles from one another via spindle elongation. I focus here on anaphase A chromosome-to-pole movement. The chapter begins by summarizing classical observations of chromosome movements, which support the current understanding of anaphase mechanisms...
February 17, 2017: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#4
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216808/dr-ivo-pitanguy-strived-for-a-human-right-to-beauty
#5
Surajit Bhattacharya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215582/microplastics-in-sea-coastal-zone-lessons-learned-from-the-baltic-amber
#6
REVIEW
Irina Chubarenko, Natalia Stepanova
Baltic amber, adored for its beauty already in Homer's Odyssey (ca. 800 B.C.E), has its material density close to that of wide-spread plastics like polyamide, polystyrene, or acrylic. Migrations of amber stones in the sea and their massive washing ashore have been monitored by Baltic citizens for ages. Based on the collected information, we present the hypothesis on the behaviour of microplastic particles in sea coastal zone. Fresh-to-strong winds generate surface waves, currents and roll-structures, whose joint effect washes ashore from the underwater slope both amber stones and plastics - and carries them back to the sea in a few days...
February 15, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215214/the-distancing-embracing-model-of-the-enjoyment-of-negative-emotions-in-art-reception
#7
Winfried Menninghaus, Valentin Wagner, Julian Hanich, Eugen Wassiliwizky, Thomas Jacobsen, Stefan Koelsch
Why are negative emotions so central in art reception far beyond tragedy? Revisiting classical aesthetics in light of recent psychological research, we present a novel model to explain this much-discussed (apparent) paradox. We argue that negative emotions are an important resource for the arts in general rather than a special license for exceptional art forms only. The underlying rationale is that negative emotions have been shown to be particularly powerful in securing attention, intense emotional involvement, and high memorability-and hence precisely in what artworks strive for...
February 20, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203241/models-for-predicting-the-architecture-of-different-shoot-types-in-apple
#8
Emna Baïram, Mickaël Delaire, Christian Le Morvan, Gerhard Buck-Sorlin
In apple, the first-order branch of a tree has a characteristic architecture constituting three shoot types: bourses (rosettes), bourse shoots, and vegetative shoots. Its overall architecture as well as that of each shoot thus determines the distribution of sources (leaves) and sinks (fruits) and could have an influence on the amount of sugar allocated to fruits. Knowledge of architecture, in particular the position and area of leaves helps to quantify source strength. In order to reconstruct this initial architecture, rules equipped with allometric relations could be used: these allow predicting model parameters that are difficult to measure from simple traits that can be determined easily, non-destructively and directly in the orchard...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193368/-becoming-another-transformations-in-the-therapist-who-works-with-gay-and-lesbian-couples
#9
María Victoria Builes Correa, María Teresa Anderson Gómez, Beatriz Helena Arango Arbeláez
OBJECTIVE: To recognise the changes experienced by the therapist who works with gay and lesbian couples. METHOD: Qualitative with biographical-narrative method. Seven therapists were interviewed in Medellin. RESULTS: Three moments in the life trajectory of the participants were identified: Before: closeness and distances between families and the school were found (distances, makes reference, among others, to discourses about homosexuality...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174199/three-dimensional-echocardiography-and-right-ventricular-function-the-beauty-and-the-beast
#10
EDITORIAL
Covadonga Fernández-Golfín, Jose L Zamorano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169464/intricate-hollow-structures-controlled-synthesis-and-applications-in-energy-storage-and-conversion
#11
REVIEW
Liang Zhou, Zechao Zhuang, Huihui Zhao, Mengting Lin, Dongyuan Zhao, Liqiang Mai
Intricate hollow structures garner tremendous interest due to their aesthetic beauty, unique structural features, fascinating physicochemical properties, and widespread applications. Here, the recent advances in the controlled synthesis are discussed, as well as applications of intricate hollow structures with regard to energy storage and conversion. The synthetic strategies toward complex multishelled hollow structures are classified into six categories, including well-established hard- and soft-templating methods, as well as newly emerging approaches based on selective etching of "soft@hard" particles, Ostwald ripening, ion exchange, and thermally induced mass relocation...
February 7, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168124/geography-shapes-the-phylogeny-of-frailejones-espeletiinae-cuatrec-asteraceae-a-remarkable-example-of-recent-rapid-radiation-in-sky-islands
#12
Mauricio Diazgranados, Janet C Barber
BACKGROUND: The páramo ecosystem, located above the timberline in the tropical Andes, has been the setting for some of the most dramatic plant radiations, and it is one of the world's fastest evolving and most diverse high-altitude ecosystems. Today 144+ species of frailejones (subtribe Espeletiinae Cuatrec., Asteraceae) dominate the páramo. Frailejones have intrigued naturalists and botanists, not just for their appealing beauty and impressive morphological diversity, but also for their remarkable adaptations to the extremely harsh environmental conditions of the páramo...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167923/cultural-and-species-differences-in-gazing-patterns-for-marked-and-decorated-objects-a-comparative-eye-tracking-study
#13
Cordelia Mühlenbeck, Thomas Jacobsen, Carla Pritsch, Katja Liebal
Objects from the Middle Paleolithic period colored with ochre and marked with incisions represent the beginning of non-utilitarian object manipulation in different species of the Homo genus. To investigate the visual effects caused by these markings, we compared humans who have different cultural backgrounds (Namibian hunter-gatherers and German city dwellers) to one species of non-human great apes (orangutans) with respect to their perceptions of markings on objects. We used eye-tracking to analyze their fixation patterns and the durations of their fixations on marked and unmarked stones and sticks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163967/pregnancy-detecting-plants-used-in-remo-and-ijebu-areas-of-ogun-state-nigeria
#14
Adediwura Fred-Jaiyesimi, Jolaade Taiwo
AIM/BACKGROUND: Plants and plants extracts are employed in cultures for religious purposes, as beauty therapies, in the detection and management/treatment of diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: In this study, an ethnobotanical studies of plants used in detecting pregnancy in Ijebu and Remo areas of Ogun State were carried out using semi-structured to obtain demographic data, local names of plants, the morphological parts used. Furthermore, a phytochemical analysis of two of the identified plants was performed...
January 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163463/it-is-the-cooperation-stupid
#15
Somesh Gupta
The rise of aesthetics in medicine has resulted from society's acknowledgement of the importance of physical beauty. This has led to an emerging conflict between allied specialties. The author introduces the concept of "Aesthetic Socialism" according to which everyone should have an opportunity to enhance or restore the beauty where it is missing or when it is lost due to disease, trauma or ageing. However, there are multiple aspects of aesthetics, which can not be addressed by a single specialty, therefore author recommends interdisciplinary cooperation rather than conflict to achieve aesthetic socialism...
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161512/a-preference-for-some-types-of-complexity-comment-on-perceived-beauty-of-random-texture-patterns-a-preference-for-complexity
#16
Nicolas Gauvrit, Fernando Soler-Toscano, Alessandro Guida
In two experiments, Friedenberg and Liby (2016) studied how a diversity of complexity estimates such as density, number of blocks, GIF compression rate and edge length impact the perception of beauty of semi-random two-dimensional patterns. They concluded that aesthetics ratings are positively linked with GIF compression metrics and edge length, but not with the number of blocks. They also found an inverse U-shaped link between aesthetic judgments and density. These mixed results originate in the variety of metrics used to estimate what is loosely called "complexity" in psychology and indeed refers to conflicting notions...
February 2, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158864/the-dorsomedial-prefrontal-cortex-mediates-the-interaction-between-moral-and-aesthetic-valuation-a-tms-study-on-the-beauty-is-good-stereotype
#17
Chiara Ferrari, Marcos Nadal, Susanna Schiavi, Tomaso Vecchi, Camilo Cela-Conde, Zaira Cattaneo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153437/measurements-of-radon-exhalation-rate-in-norm-used-as-consumer-products-in-japan
#18
Kazuki Iwaoka, Masahiro Hosoda, Kazuaki Yajima, Shinji Tokonami
Twenty-five beauty products known to contain natural radionuclides were collected, and their (222)Rn mass exhalation rates were measured. The effective doses to workers due to (222)Rn exhaled from these products were estimated. The (222)Rn mass exhalation rates of these products were below 177 μBq kg(-1) s(-1) and were almost identical to those of natural rocks in Japan. The maximum effective dose of (222)Rn exhaled from these products was 71 μSv y(-1).
January 25, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149238/beware-flammable-fingernails-case-report-synthetic-fingernails-result-in-full-thickness-burn-and-terminalisation
#19
A Arnaout, J Cubitt, D Nguyen
Having long artificial (acrylic) nails is a current fashion trend, and they are becoming an increasingly popular cosmetic enhancement. We believe that they can be a potential burn hazard to their unknowing users. We present the first reported case in medical literature of a woman whose acrylic nail ignited from a cigarette butt a short distance from the nail while she was taking the final puffs. She sustained a full thickness burn to her dominant left thumb, resulting in terminalisation. Acrylic nails are very flammable and, once ignited, they burn to completion, with the source of flame removed...
June 30, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141960/diversity-of-cuticular-micro-and-nanostructures-on-insects-properties-functions-and-potential-applications
#20
Gregory S Watson, Jolanta A Watson, Bronwen W Cribb
Insects exhibit a fascinating and diverse range of micro- and nanoarchitectures on their cuticle. Beyond the spectacular beauty of such minute structures lie surfaces evolutionarily modified to act as multifunctional interfaces that must contend with a hostile, challenging environment, driving adaption so that these can then become favorable. Numerous cuticular structures have been discovered this century; and of equal importance are the properties, functions, and potential applications that have been a key focus in many recent studies...
January 31, 2017: Annual Review of Entomology
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