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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081516/autism-does-not-limit-strategic-thinking-in-the-beauty-contest-game
#1
Peter C Pantelis, Daniel P Kennedy
A popular hypothesis in developmental psychology is that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have a specific impairment or developmental delay in their ability to reason about other people's mental processes, especially when this reasoning process is of a higher-order, recursive, or nested variety. One type of interpersonal interaction that involves this sort of complex reasoning about others' minds is an economic game, and because economic games have been extensively modeled in behavioral economics, they provide a unique testbed for a quantitative and precise analysis of cognitive functioning in ASD...
January 9, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081459/targeted-delivery-of-in-situ-pcr-amplified-sleeping-beauty-transposon-genes-to-cancer-cells-with-lipid-based-nanoparticle-like-protocells
#2
Kun Ma, Duo Fu, Dongli Yu, Changhao Cui, Li Wang, Zhaoming Guo, Chuanbin Mao
A Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon system is made of a transposon plasmid (containing gene encoding a desired functional or therapeutic protein) and a transposase plasmid (encoding an enzyme capable of cutting and pasting the gene into the host cell genome). It is a kind of natural, nonviral gene delivery vehicle, which can achieve efficient genomic insertion, providing long-term transgenic expression. However, before the SB transposon system could play a role in promoting gene expression, it has to be delivered efficiently first across cell membrane and then into cell nuclei...
January 2, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079877/genome-wide-transposon-screening-and-quantitative-insertion-site-sequencing-for-cancer-gene-discovery-in-mice
#3
Mathias J Friedrich, Lena Rad, Iraad F Bronner, Alexander Strong, Wei Wang, Julia Weber, Matthew Mayho, Hannes Ponstingl, Thomas Engleitner, Carolyn Grove, Anja Pfaus, Dieter Saur, Juan Cadiñanos, Michael A Quail, George S Vassiliou, Pentao Liu, Allan Bradley, Roland Rad
Transposon-mediated forward genetics screening in mice has emerged as a powerful tool for cancer gene discovery. It pinpoints cancer drivers that are difficult to find with other approaches, thus complementing the sequencing-based census of human cancer genes. We describe here a large series of mouse lines for insertional mutagenesis that are compatible with two transposon systems, PiggyBac and Sleeping Beauty, and give guidance on the use of different engineered transposon variants for constitutive or tissue-specific cancer gene discovery screening...
February 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076765/building-a-beautiful-beast-mammalian-respiratory-complex-i
#4
Adela M Guaras, José Antonio Enríquez
Understanding the mammalian respiratory complex I assembly has been an arduous task due to the lack of appropriate techniques and the complexity of the process. In this issue, a new tour de force based on complexome profiling provides an encyclopedic description of the process (Guerrero-Castillo et al., 2017).
January 10, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075551/cucurbit-n-uril-based-microcapsules-self-assembled-within-microfluidic-droplets-a-versatile-approach-for-supramolecular-architectures-and-materials
#5
Ji Liu, Yang Lan, Ziyi Yu, Cindy S Y Tan, Richard M Parker, Chris Abell, Oren A Scherman
Microencapsulation is a fundamental concept behind a wide range of daily applications ranging from paints, adhesives, and pesticides to targeted drug delivery, transport of vaccines, and self-healing concretes. The beauty of microfluidics to generate microcapsules arises from the capability of fabricating monodisperse and micrometer-scale droplets, which can lead to microcapsules/particles with fine-tuned control over size, shape, and hierarchical structure, as well as high reproducibility, efficient material usage, and high-throughput manipulation...
January 11, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073627/angular-photogrammetric-analysis-and-evaluation-of-facial-esthetics-of-young-ivorians-with-normal-dental-occlusion
#6
Jean-Bertin Beugre, Moussa Diomande, Assi Raoul Assi, Mariam Kadi Koueita, Frédéric Vaysse
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the angular photogrammetric characteristics of subjects according to the facial esthetics criteria applicable in Côte d'Ivoire. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a horizontal study, concerning of group of young people from Côte d'Ivoire whose attractiveness and photogrammetric characteristics were assessed. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 statistical software. The limit of statistical significance was P<0...
January 7, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072634/-a-beautiful-morning
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066153/collectors-on-illicit-collecting-higher-loyalties-and-other-techniques-of-neutralization-in-the-unlawful-collecting-of-rare-and-precious-orchids-and-antiquities
#8
Simon Mackenzie, Donna Yates
Trafficking natural objects and trafficking cultural objects have been treated separately both in regulatory policy and in criminological discussion. The former is generally taken to be 'wildlife crime' while the latter has come to be considered under the auspices of a debate on 'illicit art and antiquities'. In this article we study the narrative discourse of high-end collectors of orchids and antiquities. The illicit parts of these global trades are subject to this analytical divide between wildlife trafficking and art trafficking, and this has resulted in quite different regulatory structures for each of these markets...
August 2016: Theor Criminol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058443/-the-most-beautiful-profession-in-the-world%C3%A2-in-memoriam-klaus-kalmring-1931-2015
#9
Hannelore Hoch, Andrej Čokl, Martin Jatho, Reinhard Lakes-Harlan, Wolfgang Rössler, Oliver Stiedl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056658/the-impact-of-symmetry-on-the-efficiency-of-human-face-perception
#10
Jennifer L Bittner, Jason M Gold
The presence of symmetric properties in a stimulus has been shown to often exert an influence on perception and information processing. Investigations into symmetry have given rise to the notion that it is processed easily and efficiently by the human visual system. However, only a handful of studies have attempted to actually measure symmetry's role in the efficiency of information use. We explored the impact of symmetry on the perception of human faces, a domain where it has been thought to play a particularly important role...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050407/female-college-students-knowledge-attitude-and-future-intention-towards-breastfeeding-implications-for-advocacy
#11
Ramya Padmanabhan, Mahalakshmy Thulasingam, Palnivel Chinnakalai
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is important for promoting child's health. Since, breastfeeding decisions are made before pregnancy and are strongly influenced by women's knowledge and attitude, it is important to identify knowledge gaps in youth girls. AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude and future intention regarding infant feeding among female college students in Puducherry, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was done among 307 college going female students...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043734/conceptual-model-of-acid-attacks-based-on-survivor-s-experiences-lessons-from-a-qualitative-exploration
#12
Mohammad Sabzi Khoshnami, Elham Mohammadi, Hamideh Addelyan Rasi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Maliheh Arshi
INTRODUCTION: Acid attack, a worldwide phenomenon, has been increasing in recent years. In addition to severe injuries to the face and body, such violence leads to psychological and social problems that affect the survivors' quality of life. The present study provides a more in-depth understanding of this phenomenon and explores the nature and dimensions of acid attacks based on survivors' experiences. METHOD: A grounded theory study using semi-structured, recorded interviews and applying purposeful theoretical sampling was conducted with 12 acid attack survivors in Iran...
December 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040685/using-knowledge-driven-genomic-interactions-for-multi-omics-data-analysis-metadimensional-models-for-predicting-clinical-outcomes-in-ovarian-carcinoma
#13
Dokyoon Kim, Ruowang Li, Anastasia Lucas, Shefali S Verma, Scott M Dudek, Marylyn D Ritchie
It is common that cancer patients have different molecular signatures even though they have similar clinical features, such as histology, due to the heterogeneity of tumors. To overcome this variability, we previously developed a new approach incorporating prior biological knowledge that identifies knowledge-driven genomic interactions associated with outcomes of interest. However, no systematic approach has been proposed to identify interaction models between pathways based on multi-omics data. Here we have proposed such a novel methodological framework, called metadimensional knowledge-driven genomic interactions (MKGIs)...
December 31, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035654/seven-days-post-injury-fate-and-effects-of-genetically-labelled-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-cells-on-a-rat-traumatic-brain-injury-experimental-model
#14
Ioanna Dori, Spyros Petrakis, Aggeliki Giannakopoulou, Chryssa Bekiari, Ioannis Grivas, Evangelia K Siska, Georgios Koliakos, Georgios C Papadopoulos
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been suggested to have beneficial effects on animal models of traumatic brain injury (TBI), owing to their neurotrophic and immunomodulatory properties. Adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASCs) are multipotent MSC that can be harvested with minimally invasive methods, show a high proliferative capacity, low immunogenicity if allogeneic, and can be used in autologous or heterologous settings. In the present study ASCs were genetically labelled using the Sleeping Beauty transposon to express the fluorescent protein Venus...
December 30, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033632/aesthetic-rhinoplasty-as-a-surface-contour-operation-from-analysis-to-surgery-personal-concepts
#15
Palma Pietro, Khodaei Iman, Vasilenko Irina
Numerous beautiful rhinoplasty results have been created by closed rhinoplasty techniques over the past 100 years. This operation was mainly a "reduction" surgery. Overaggressive reduction rhinoplasty is not a hallmark of the closed approach per se, but represents the result of inappropriate aesthetic appraisal, inadequate technical execution, or lack of sound anatomical understanding. Clearly, an operation based primarily on reduction intrinsically exposes the surgeon to the possibility of excessive diminution of support structures and consequently undesirable side effects...
December 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032768/spin-orientation-of-two-dimensional-electrons-driven-by-temperature-tunable-competition-of-spin-orbit-and-exchange-magnetic-interactions
#16
Alexander V Generalov, Mikhail M Otrokov, Alla Chikina, Kristin Kliemt, Kurt Kummer, Marc Höppner, Monika Güttler, Silvia Seiro, Alexander V Fedorov, Susanne Schulz, Steffen Danzenbächer, Evgueni V Chulkov, Christoph Geibel, Clemens Laubschat, Pavel Dudin, Moritz Hoesch, Timur Kim, Milan Radovic, Ming Shi, Nicholas C Plumb, Cornelius Krellner, Denis V Vyalikh
Finding ways to create and control the spin-dependent properties of two-dimensional electron states (2DESs) is a major challenge for the elaboration of novel spin-based devices. Spin-orbit and exchange-magnetic interactions (SOI & EMI) are two fundamental mechanisms that enable access to the tunability of spin-dependent properties of carriers. The silicon surface of HoRh2Si2 appears to be a unique model system, where concurrent SOI and EMI can be visualized and controlled by varying the temperature. The beauty and simplicity of this system lies in the 4f moments, which act as a multiple tuning instrument on the 2DESs, as the 4f projections parallel and perpendicular to the surface order at essentially different temperatures...
December 29, 2016: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032159/the-benslimane-s-artistic-model-for-females-gaze-beauty-an-original-assessment-tool
#17
Fahd Benslimane, Laura van Harpen, Simon R Myers, Fabio Ingallina, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to analyze the aesthetic characteristics of the human females' gaze using anthropometry and to present an artistic model to represent it: "The Frame Concept." In this model, the eye fissure represents a painting, and the most peripheral shadows around it represent the frame of this painting. The narrower the frame, the more aesthetically pleasing and youthful the gaze appears. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This study included a literature review of the features that make the gaze appear attractive...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029191/beauty-in-the-breakdown-morphology-of-the-first-polar-body-in-mature-mouse-eggs
#18
Allison R Grover, Dana Kimelman, Megan A Runge, Francesca E Duncan
In vitro maturation (IVM) is the process whereby oocytes arrested in prophase of meiosis I are stimulated to resume meiosis and progress to metaphase of meiosis II (MII) ex vivo. Here we examined the cytoskeletal morphology of mature MII eggs obtained following IVM. Cumulus oocyte complexes were isolated from antral follicles of hyper-stimulated female mice, and cumulus cells were removed to induce spontaneous oocyte meiotic maturation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 28, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028418/buccal-corridors-a-fact-or-a-myth-in-the-eyes-of-laymen
#19
Omnia A Elhiny, Asmaa Y Harhash
AIM: This study aimed to investigate laymen knowledge of the existence of the buccal corridor and whether it was an important factor for them in judging smile attractiveness and the effect of introducing the knowledge to them on their further judgment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine subjects were randomly selected with variable buccal corridor percentages. They were coached to smile in a posed fashion and full face smile photographs were taken from a standardised distance...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028315/brains-and-beauty-the-2017-cover
#20
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: Nature Reviews. Neurology
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