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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334043/a-tribute-to-james-parkinson
#1
André Parent
Exactly 200 years ago, the London surgeon-apothecary James Parkinson (1755-1824) published a 66-page-long booklet entitled An Essay on the Shaking Palsy, which contains the first clear clinical description of the shaking palsy or paralysis agitans, which we now refer to as Parkinson's disease. However, the value of this essay was not fully recognized during Parkinson's lifetime, which spanned the American Revolution, the French Revolution, and the Napoleonic Wars. James Parkinson was one of the most singular figures of his time and place...
January 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328348/body-image-issues-in-lithuanian-females-before-and-during-pregnancy
#2
Janina Tutkuviene, Austeja Juskaite, Justina Katinaite, Simona Silove, Jonas Drasutis, Ruta Sargautyte, Diana Ramasauskaite, Grazina Drasutiene
There is a risk that during pregnancy a woman's changing physique might result in stronger concerns about her appearance and may lead to negative consequences both for mother and foetus. The aim of the present study was to assess women's self-esteem, body image and weight control before and during pregnancy. A cross-sectional study was carried out at the Centre of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Vilnius University Hospital. In total, 234 pregnant women were investigated. The Self-esteem was measured by Rosenberg's scale (1965), while the attitude towards the body size - by Stunkard's figure rating scale (1983)...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327617/presence-mourning-and-beauty-elements-of-analytic-process
#3
Henry C Markman
Analyst and patient occasionally arrive at moments of heightened meaning and aliveness. These moments can be transformative and lead to psychic change in the patient. They give life and arouse hope, and feel "real" in a new way, though often entailing emotional turbulence. Specific internal work must be done by the analyst to allow for and foster these experiences. This involves a kind of mourning process in the analyst that allows for "presence" and "availability" as described by Gabriel Marcel, and for the "at-one-ment" described by Bion...
December 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326894/comparison-study-for-body-image-education-of-domestic-and-overseas-female-college-students
#4
Tae-Young Kim
The 2016 health education index showed such tendency as well including their raised obesity index, and reported that they are much interested in body images appearing externally. Accordingly, in this study, we conducted the self-reported questionnaire aimed at a total of 389 subjects composed of domestic (n= 226) and overseas (n= 163) female college students from Asia, Europe, and Latin America so as to investigate their body images for face, figure and health through questionnaires. In this context, a survey was conducted with the method of this study, consequently indicating that overseas subjects are more greatly positive and active to body images (face, figure, and health) by health level, exercise preferences, extent of body activities and body weight than domestic ones...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322917/identification-of-natural-antimicrobial-peptides-from-bacteria-through-metagenomic-and-metatranscriptomic-analysis-of-high-throughput-transcriptome-data-of-taiwanese-oolong-teas
#5
Kai-Yao Huang, Tzu-Hao Chang, Jhih-Hua Jhong, Yu-Hsiang Chi, Wen-Chi Li, Chien-Lung Chan, K Robert Lai, Tzong-Yi Lee
BACKGROUND: Anti-microbial peptides (AMPs), naturally encoded by genes and generally containing 12-100 amino acids, are crucial components of the innate immune system and can protect the host from various pathogenic bacteria and viruses. In recent years, the widespread use of antibiotics has resulted in the rapid growth of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms that often induce critical infection and pathogenesis. Recently, the advent of high-throughput technologies has led molecular biology into a data surge in both the amount and scope of data...
December 21, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316573/a-thing-of-beauty-is-a-joy-forever
#6
Markus K Heinemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315392/redefining-diabetes-and-the-concept-of-self-management-from-a-patient-s-perspective-implications-for-disease-risk-factor-management
#7
T K Masupe, K Ndayi, L Tsolekile, P Delobelle, T Puoane
The colliding epidemics of non-communicable diseases including diabetes with chronic infectious diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa requires contextualized innovative disease management strategies. This qualitative study conducted in a peri-urban township near Cape Town, South Africa aimed to identify and gain in-depth understanding of contextual and environmental issues pertinent to the patient that could influence Type 2-diabetes mellitus (T2DM) care and self-management. Participants included purposively sampled diabetics or pre-diabetics from the community, PURE study database, facility health club and health care providers...
January 5, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313062/art-or-science-an-evidence-based-approach-to-human-facial-beauty-a-quantitative-analysis-towards-an-informed-clinical-aesthetic-practice
#8
REVIEW
Harpal Harrar, Simon Myers, Ali M Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Patients often seek guidance from the aesthetic practitioners regarding treatments to enhance their 'beauty'. Is there a science behind the art of assessment and if so is it measurable? Through the centuries, this question has challenged scholars, artists and surgeons. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to undertake a review of the evidence behind quantitative facial measurements in assessing beauty to help the practitioner in everyday aesthetic practice...
January 8, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311194/the-financial-cost-incurred-by-families-of-children-on-long-term-dialysis
#9
Abdulafeez Bello, Beauty Sangweni, Abdullah Mudi, Tholang Khumalo, Glenda Moonsamy, Cecil Levy
BACKGROUND: Costs of dialysis reported in countries where dialysis is government-funded are often those incurred by the state, and only a few take into account the financial burden to the family of the index patient. This study investigated the financial cost implication to families of pediatric patients on maintenance dialysis and how aid provided by the government alleviates their financial burden. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study recruited 24 children on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD), and a structured questionnaire was administered to the parents/caregivers of these patients to obtain information on their family size, total family income, cost of transportation, employment status of attending caregiver, and number of work days missed due to hospital visits...
January 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310529/lothian-a-the-science-of-scenery-how-we-view-scenic-beauty-what-it-is-why-we-love-it-and-how-to-measure-and-map-it-lothian-a-the-science-of-scenery-how-we-view-scenic-beauty-what-it-is-why-we-love-it-and-how-to-measure-and-map-it-san-bernardino-ca-createspace
#10
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309576/perspectives-on-restoring-health-shared-by-cree-women-alberta-canada
#11
Dionne Gesink, Lana Whiskeyjack, Tim Guimond
The purpose of this study was to explore nehiyaw iskwêwak (Cree women's) perceptions and beliefs about how to restore balance to health. Fifteen indigenous women from Northern Alberta, Canada, participated in a 3-day cultural retreat on beauty and art in British Columbia, Canada, in May 2015. At the end of the retreat, these women were invited to participate in a talking circle and asked, 'What does restoring balance look like?' A constructivist grounded theory approach was used to explore individual and collective perspectives on restoring health...
January 3, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309170/-in-honour-of-asclepius-and-orpheus-ten-years-of-activities-on-the-popularization-of-connections-between-medicine-and-music
#12
Tin Nadarević, Vesna Štefanac Nadarević
Art is defined as the expression or application of the human creative skill and imagination, producing works to be appreciated primarily for their beauty or emotional power. "Ars medica" and "Ars musica" represent two concepts which have been mutually intertwined since the ancient times. Through history, many extraordinary physicians have shown talent towards making and performing music. Guided by the passion for medicine and music, since 2006 the students from the University of Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine have founded an informal group named "In honour of Asclepius and Orpheus" under the aegis of the Croatian Scientific Society for the History of Health Culture...
December 2017: Acta Medico-historica Adriatica: AMHA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302969/a-transparent-polymeric-strain-sensor-for-monitoring-vital-signs-and-beyond
#13
Hanguang Wu, Qiang Liu, Wencheng Du, Chun Li, Gaoquan Shi
Wearable sensors that can precisely detect vital signs are highly desirable for monitoring personal health conditions and medical diagnosis. In this paper, we report an ultrasensitive strain sensor consisting of a 150 nm-thick highly conductive dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) doped poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) sensing layer and an elastic fluorosilicone rubber substrate. This sensor exhibits a high sensitivity at small strains (e.g., gauge factor at 0.6% strain = 280), low limit of detection (<0...
January 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297978/a-time-window-of-3%C3%A2-s-in-the-aesthetic-appreciation-of-poems
#14
Chen Zhao, Dongxue Zhang, Yan Bao
We studied the effect of time windows of a few seconds on the aesthetic appreciation of poems. Both Chinese and German subjects rated traditional Chinese poetic verses more beautiful in a time window of approximately 3 s, irrespective of understanding the poetic content. This observation suggests a common temporal preference for poetry appreciation across a different language background.
January 3, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295554/proteomic-analysis-reveals-the-dynamic-role-of-silicon-in-alleviation-of-hyperhydricity-in-carnation-grown-in-vitro
#15
Sowbiya Muneer, Hao Wei, Yoo Gyeong Park, Hai Kyoung Jeong, Byoung Ryong Jeong
The present study depicted the role of silicon in limiting the hyperhydricity in shoot cultures of carnation through proteomic analysis. Four-week-old healthy shoot cultures of carnation "Purple Beauty" were sub-cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium followed with four treatments, viz. control (-Si/-Hyperhydricity), hyperhydric with no silicon treatment (-Si/+Hyperhydricity), hyperhydric with silicon treatment (+Si/+Hyperhydricity), and only silicon treated with no hyperhydricity (+Si/-Hyperhydricity). Comparing to control morphological features of hyperhydric carnations showed significantly fragile, bushy and lustrous leaf nature, while Si supply restored these effects...
December 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291185/disparity-in-opinions-on-lip-protrusiveness-in-contemporary-african-american-faces
#16
Yvette Battle, Monica Schneider, Laurence Magder, Eung-Kwon Pae
Objective: In accordance with the changing demographics in the United States, orthodontists working on various ethnic populations should be more conscious when using the standardized profile analyses for the African American patient. The objective of this study was to examine whether the perception of lip protrusiveness in modern African American faces has changed. For this purpose, we investigated the most favorable African American lip profile using the opinions of 10 experienced and 10 newly trained younger orthodontists...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290013/physicochemical-characterization-of-sterilized-muds-for-pharmaceutics-cosmetics-applications
#17
Maria D Kamitsou, Varvara Sygouni, Dimitra G Kanellopoulou, Konstantinos Gardikis, Petros G Koutsoukos
Clays and muds have been used for centuries as cosmetics or pharmaceutical products for various therapies. The suitability of muds and clays for health- and beauty-related applications depends on their physicochemical properties, mineralogical composition, particle characteristics and toxicity. In this work, the physicochemical characterization of 12 mud specimens from different natural spa resorts in Greece and one from Israel (Dead Sea) is presented. All specimens were sterilized at 121 °C for 20 min, because of their intended use...
December 30, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288565/high-and-long-term-von-willebrand-factor-expression-after-sleeping-beauty-transposon-mediated-gene-therapy-in-a-mouse-model-of-severe-von-willebrand-disease
#18
Irina Portier, Karen Vanhoorelbeke, Sebastien Verhenne, Inge Pareyn, Nele Vandeputte, Hans Deckmyn, Daniel S Goldenberg, Himanshu B Samal, Manvendra Singh, Zoltán Ivics, Zsuzsanna Izsvák, Simon F De Meyer
BACKGROUND: Type 3 von Willebrand disease (VWD) is characterized by complete absence of von Willebrand factor (VWF). Current therapy is limited to treatment with exogenous VWF/FVIII products, which only provide a short-term solution. Gene therapy offers the potential for a long-term treatment for VWD. OBJECTIVES: To develop an integrative Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon-mediated VWF gene transfer approach in a preclinical mouse model of severe VWD. METHODS: We established a robust platform for sustained transgene murine (m)VWF expression in the liver of Vwf-/- mice by combining a liver-specific promoter with a sandwich transposon design and the SB100X transposase via hydrodynamic gene delivery...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288219/endless-skulls-most-beautiful
#19
Daniel J Field
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288213/big-asthma-data-getting-bigger-and-more-beautiful
#20
EDITORIAL
Sarah Diver, Chris E Brightling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2017: Thorax
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