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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108996/physical-activity-and-risk-of-endometrial-cancer-in-the-norwegian-women-and-cancer-nowac-study
#1
Kristin B Borch, Elisabete Weiderpass, Tonje Braaten, Mie Jareid, Oxana A Gavrilyuk, Idlir Licaj
Few studies have investigated the association between endometrial cancer and physical activity (PA) using repeated measures of PA and different subtypes of endometrial cancer. We aimed to investigate the association between endometrial cancer and PA level at two points in time in women with different body mass index (BMI) profiles, and to calculate the population attributable fraction (PAF) of endometrial cancer for low PA levels. We included 82,759 women with complete information on PA at baseline in the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study; 52,370 had follow-up information on PA...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108954/transcatheter-closure-of-an-atrial-septal-defect-with-high-risk-of-erosion-using-a-figulla-flex-ii-atrial-septal-defect-occluder
#2
Norio Tada, Yukiko Mizutani, Takashi Matsumoto, Mie Sakurai, Tatsushi Ootomo
An 85-year-old man with a high risk for open heart surgery underwent a percutaneous closure of an atrial septal defect that lacked adequate aortic and superior rims. To avoid the risk for erosion, a Figulla Flex II ASD occluder was selected for the procedure. Implantation was successful, and no complications were observed during the 6 months of follow-up.
January 20, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101699/humanity-at-the-edge-the-moral-laboratory-of-feeding-precarious-lives
#3
Mette N Svendsen, Iben M Gjødsbøl, Mie S Dam, Laura E Navne
At the heart of anthropology and the social sciences lies a notion of human existence according to which humans and animals share the basic need for food, but only humans have the capacity for morality. Based on fieldwork in a pig laboratory, a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and a dementia nursing home, we follow practices of feeding precarious lives lacking most markers of human personhood, including the exercise of moral judgment. Despite the absence of such markers, laboratory researchers and caregivers in these three sites do not abstain from engaging in questions about the moral status of the piglets, infants, and people with dementia in their care...
January 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099775/the-population-genomic-signature-of-environmental-association-and-gene-flow-in-an-ecologically-divergent-tree-species-metrosideros-polymorpha-myrtaceae
#4
Ayako Izuno, Kanehiro Kitayama, Yusuke Onoda, Yuki Tsujii, Masaomi Hatakeyama, Atsushi J Nagano, Mie N Honjo, Rie Shimizu-Inatsugi, Hiroshi Kudoh, Kentaro K Shimizu, Yuji Isagi
Genome-wide markers enable us to study genetic differentiation within a species and the factors underlying it at a much higher resolution than before, which advances our understanding of adaptation in organisms. We investigated genomic divergence in Metrosideros polymorpha, a woody species that occupies a wide range of ecological habitats across the Hawaiian Islands and shows remarkable phenotypic variation. Using 1,659 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers annotated with the genome assembly, we examined the population genetic structure and demographic history of nine populations across five elevations and two ages of substrates on Mauna Loa, the island of Hawaii...
January 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092944/reaction-chemistry-to-characterize-the-molecular-initiating-event-in-skin-sensitization-a-journey-to-be-continued
#5
Andreas Natsch, Roger Emter
The publication by the OECD of the adverse outcome pathway (AOP) for skin sensitization has accelerated the development and validation of mechanistic tests and testing strategies to assess the potential of new molecules to trigger skin allergies. The molecular initiating event (MIE) in the AOP is reaction with skin peptides/proteins. It is followed by a number of cellular events. Currently, only one in chemico test to characterize the MIE was proposed to and underwent adoption by the OECD, while two cell-based assays have completed the process...
January 17, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090463/efficacy-of-oxytocin-antagonist-infusion-in-improving-in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes-on-the-day-of-embryo-transfer-a-meta-analysis
#6
Seul Ki Kim, E-Jung Han, Sun Mie Kim, Jung Ryeol Lee, Byung Chul Jee, Chang Suk Suh, Seok Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: Uterine contraction induced by the embryo transfer (ET) process has an adverse effect on embryo implantation. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of oxytocin antagonist supplementation on the day of ET on in vitro fertilization outcomes via a meta-analysis. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Four online databases (Embase, Medline, PubMed, and Cochrane Library) were searched through May 2015 for RCTs that investigated oxytocin antagonist supplementation on the day of ET...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081076/spatially-resolved-individual-particle-spectroscopy-using-photothermal-modulation-of-mie-scattering
#7
R M Sullenberger, S M Redmond, D Crompton, A M Stolyarov, W D Herzog
We report a photothermal modulation of Mie scattering (PMMS) method that enables concurrent spatial and spectral discrimination of individual micron-sized particles. This approach provides a direct measurement of the "fingerprint" infrared absorption spectrum with the spatial resolution of visible light. Trace quantities (tens of picograms) of material were deposited onto an infrared-transparent substrate and simultaneously illuminated by a wavelength-tunable intensity-modulated quantum cascade pump laser and a continuous-wave 532 nm probe laser...
January 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079975/edge-states-and-topological-phase-transitions-in-chains-of-dielectric-nanoparticles
#8
Sergey Kruk, Alexey Slobozhanyuk, Denitza Denkova, Alexander Poddubny, Ivan Kravchenko, Andrey Miroshnichenko, Dragomir Neshev, Yuri Kivshar
Recently introduced field of topological photonics aims to explore the concepts of topological insulators for novel phenomena in optics. Here polymeric chains of subwavelength silicon nanodisks are studied and it is demonstrated that these chains can support two types of topological edge modes based on magnetic and electric Mie resonances, and their topological properties are fully dictated by the spatial arrangement of the nanoparticles in the chain. It is observed experimentally and described how theoretically topological phase transitions at the nanoscale define a change from trivial to nontrivial topological states when the edge mode is excited...
January 12, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079222/infrared-characterisation-of-acetonitrile-and-propionitrile-aerosols-under-titan-s-atmospheric-conditions
#9
C Ennis, R Auchettl, M Ruzi, E G Robertson
Pure, crystalline acetonitrile (CH3CN) and propionitrile (CH3CH2CN) particles were formed in a collisional cooling cell allowing for infrared (IR) signatures to be compiled from 50 to 5000 cm(-1). The cell temperature and pressure conditions were controlled to simulate Titan's lower atmosphere (80-130 K and 1-100 mbar), allowing for the comparison of laboratory data to the spectra obtained from the Cassini-Huygens mission. The far-IR features confirmed the morphology of CH3CN aerosols as the metastable β-phase (monoclinic) ice, however, a specific crystalline phase for CH3CH2CN could not be verified...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079221/sizing-and-eddy-currents-in-magnetic-core-nanoparticles-an-optical-extinction-approach
#10
Luis J Mendoza Herrera, Ignacio J Bruvera, Lucía B Scaffardi, Daniel C Schinca
Optical extinction is a handy and ubiquitous technique that allows us to study colloidal nanoparticles in their native state. The typical analysis of the extinction spectrum can be extended in order to obtain structural information of the sample such as the size distribution of the cores and the thickness of the coating layers. In this work the extinction spectra of Fe3O4, Fe3O4@Au, and Fe3O4@SiO2@Au single and multilayer nanoparticles are obtained by solving full Mie theory with a frequency dependent susceptibility derived from the Gilbert equation and considering the effect of Eddy currents...
January 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076300/usefulness-of-maternal-red-cell-antibodies-to-predict-hemolytic-disease-of-the-fetus-and-newborn-and-significant-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-a-retrospective-study
#11
Bart Peeters, Inge Geerts, Anne-Mie Badts, Veroniek Saegeman, Jan Moerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074069/myelodysplastic-syndromes-and-bone-loss-in-mice-and-men
#12
H Weidner, M Rauner, F Trautmann, J Schmitt, E Balaian, A Mies, S Helas, U Baschant, C Khandanpour, M Bornhäuser, L C Hofbauer, U Platzbecker
Leukemia accepted article preview online, 11 January 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.7.
January 11, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068997/absence-of-in-vivo-selection-for-k13-mutations-after-artemether-lumefantrine-treatment-in-uganda
#13
Betty Balikagala, Toshihiro Mita, Mie Ikeda, Miki Sakurai, Shouki Yatsushiro, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Shin-Ichiro Tachibana, Mary Auma, Edward H Ntege, Daisuke Ito, Eizo Takashima, Nirianne Marie Q Palacpac, Thomas G Egwang, Joseph Okello Onen, Masatoshi Kataoka, Eisaku Kimura, Toshihiro Horii, Takafumi Tsuboi
BACKGROUND: Individual drug treatment may select resistant parasites in the human body, a process termed in vivo selection. Some single nucleotide polymorphisms in Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine-resistance transporter (pfcrt) and multidrug resistance gene 1 (pfmdr1) genes have been reportedly selected after artemether-lumefantrine treatment. However, there is a paucity of data regarding in vivo selection of P. falciparum Kelch propeller domain (pfkelch13) polymorphisms, responsible for artemisinin-resistance in Asia, and six putative background mutations for artemisinin resistance; D193Y in ferredoxin, T484I in multiple resistance protein 2, V127M in apicoplast ribosomal protein S10, I356T in pfcrt, V1157L in protein phosphatase and C1484F in phosphoinositide-binding protein...
January 9, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068157/cancer-survivors-preference-for-follow-up-care-providers-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-population-based-profiles-registry
#14
Lotte J Huibertse, Mies van Eenbergen, Belle H de Rooij, Maarten T Bastiaens, Laurent M C L Fossion, Rob B de la Fuente, Paul J M Kil, Evert L Koldewijn, A H P Meier, Roland J M Mommers, A Q Niemer, Jorg R Oddens, Eric H G M Oomens, Mandy Prins, Kees-Peter de Roos, Monique R T M Thissen, Martine W H Timmermans, Bart P Wijsman, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Nicole P M Ezendam
BACKGROUND: The best practice for the organization of follow-up care in oncology is under debate, due to growing numbers of cancer survivors. Understanding survivors' preferences for follow-up care is elementary for designing patient-centred care. Based on data from prostate cancer and melanoma survivors, this study aims to identify: 1) preferences for follow-up care providers, for instance the medical specialist, the oncology nurse or the general practitioner; 2) characteristics associated with these preferences and 3) the preferred care provider to discuss cancer-related problems...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059361/fabry-perot-description-for-mie-resonances-of-rectangular-dielectric-nanowire-optical-resonators
#15
Patrick E Landreman, Hamidreza Chalabi, Junghyun Park, Mark L Brongersma
We show that a dielectric nanowire (NW) with a rectangular cross section can effectively be modeled as a Fabry-Perot cavity formed by truncating a dielectric slab waveguide. By calculating the mode indices of the supported waveguide modes and the reflection phase pickup of the guided waves from the end facets, we can numerically predict the spectral locations of optical, Mie-like resonances for such NWs. This type of analysis must be performed twice in order to account for all resonances of these structures, corresponding to light propagating in the vertical or horizontal directions...
December 26, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053896/effects-of-4-week-continuous-ingestion-of-champignon-extract-on-halitosis-and-body-and-fecal-odor
#16
Jun Nishihira, Mie Nishimura, Aiko Tanaka, Akihiro Yamaguchi, Toshio Taira
This was placebo-controlled double-blind parallel-group comparative clinical trial targeting 80 men and women aged 50-79 years with halitosis and body and fecal odor. We investigated whether daily champignon extract ingestion for 4 weeks improved these conditions. Subjects were divided into four groups: a placebo group and 50, 500, and 1000 mg/day ingestion groups. No severe adverse events or side effects were noted during the study period. Compared with the placebo group, all champignon extract ingestion groups showed improvement or tendency toward improvement in halitosis and body and fecal odor...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049986/alcoholic-myelopathy-and-nutritional-deficiency
#17
Haruki Koike, Tomohiko Nakamura, Shohei Ikeda, Mie Takahashi, Yuichi Kawagashira, Masahiro Iijima, Masahisa Katsuno, Gen Sobue
A patient with chronic alcoholism presented with myelopathy and low serum folate and cobalamin levels. A 42-year-old alcoholic man had gait disturbance for 4 months. A neurological examination revealed marked spasticity with increased deep tendon reflexes and extensor plantar responses of the lower limbs. His cobalamin level was decreased and his serum folate level was particularly low. His plasma ammonia level was not increased. Abstinence and folic acid and cobalamin supplementation stopped the progression of his neurological deficits...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040442/feasibility-assessment-of-alcohol-septal%C3%A2-ablation-in-transcatheter-aortic%C3%A2-valve-replacement-using-multidetector-computed-tomography
#18
Takashi Yanagiuchi, Norio Tada, Yukiko Mizutani, Takashi Matsumoto, Mie Sakurai, Tatsushi Ootomo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 17, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028278/-feasibility-study-of-a-one-day-educational-program-to-train-advance-care-planning-facilitators-acpfs-in-regional-areas
#19
Mitsunori Nishikawa, Hisayuki Miura, Sanae Oya, Tomonari Kato, Hiroyuki Nagae, Yoshiyuki Osada, Tetsuya Watanabe, Sachiko Matsuoka, Yasuro Otsuka, Mie Yamaguchi, Kazuko Watanabe, Katsutoshi Kito, Hatsue Ooi, Naoko Suzuki
Promoting advance care planning in regional areas is important. Education For Implementing End-of-Life Discussion(EFIELD) is a two-day educational program for Advance Care Planning Facilitators(ACPFs)developed by the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology. Unfortunately, some trainers experience difficulties implementing the content of the program, and some trainees feel the program is too long for implementation in many regional areas. The purpose of the research is to clarify the feasibility of ACPFs education using a one-day program in regional areas...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024324/high-efficiency-nanowire-solar-cells-with-omnidirectionally-enhanced-absorption-due-to-self-aligned-indium-tin-oxide-mie-scatterers
#20
Dick van Dam, Niels J J van Hoof, Yingchao Cui, Peter J van Veldhoven, Erik P A M Bakkers, Jaime Gómez Rivas, Jos E M Haverkort
Photovoltaic cells based on arrays of semiconductor nanowires promise efficiencies comparable or even better than their planar counterparts with much less material. One reason for the high efficiencies is their large absorption cross section, but until recently the photocurrent has been limited to less than 70% of the theoretical maximum. Here we enhance the absorption in indium phosphide (InP) nanowire solar cells by employing broadband forward scattering of self-aligned nanoparticles on top of the transparent top contact layer...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
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