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Na Kyung Lee, Hyeong Seop Kim, Dongkyeom Yoo, Jung Won Hwang, Soo Jin Choi, Wonil Oh, Jong Wook Chang, Duk L Na
The success of stem cell therapy is highly dependent on accurate delivery of stem cells to the target site of interest. Possible ways to track the distribution of MSCs in vivo include the use of reporter genes or nanoparticles. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ferumoxytol (Feraheme® [USA], Rienso® [UK]) as a treatment for iron deficiency anemia. Ferumoxytol is an ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (USPIO) that has recently been used to track the fate of transplanted cells using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
October 18, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
Jake S Burrell, Simon Walker-Samuel, Jessica K R Boult, Lauren C J Baker, Yann Jamin, Jane Halliday, John C Waterton, Simon P Robinson
The aim of this study was to use the combined carbogen-ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (CUSPIO) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method, which uses spatial correlations in independent susceptibility imaging biomarkers, to investigate and compare the impact of tumor size and anatomical site on vascular structure and function in vivo. Mice bearing either subcutaneous or orthotopic PC3 LN3 prostate tumors were imaged at 7 T, using a multi-gradient echo sequence to quantify R2, before and during carbogen (95% O2/5% CO2) breathing, and subsequently following intravenous administration of USPIO particles...
October 2016: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
Sophie Richard, Véronique Eder, Gianvito Caputo, Clément Journé, Phalla Ou, Julie Bolley, Liliane Louedec, Erwann Guenin, Laurence Motte, Nicola Pinna, Yoann Lalatonne
AIM: Tunable size ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) nanoparticles from 3 to 9 nm coated with polyethylene glycol phosphonate moieties have been designed for neovascularization MRI. MATERIALS & METHODS: USPIO were synthesized using a nonaqueous sol-gel method. An ischemia-reperfusion rat model has been chosen for neo-angiogenesis and scanned on MRI after injection of different sized USPIO. Histological studies have been performed for USPIO localization within the tissue...
October 14, 2016: Nanomedicine
Jabadurai Jayapaul, Susanne Arns, Matt Bunker, Marek Weiler, Sandra Rutherford, Peter Comba, Fabian Kiessling
: Riboflavin (Rf) receptors bind and translocate Rf and its phosphorylated forms (e.g. flavin mononucleotide, FMN) into cells where they mediate various cellular metabolic pathways. Previously, we showed that FMN-coated ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (FLUSPIO) nanoparticles are suitable for labeling metabolically active cancer and endothelial cells in vitro. In this study, we focused on the in vivo application of FLUSPIO using prostate cancer xenografts. Size, charge, and chemical composition of FLUSPIO were evaluated...
2016: Nano Research
Carmen Burtea, Sophie Laurent, Tuba Sanli, Deborah Fanfone, Aude Devalckeneer, Sébastien Sauvage, Marie-Claire Beckers, Sandrine Rorive, Isabelle Salmon, Luce Vander Elst, Bernard R Lauwerys, Robert N Muller
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-7 receptor alpha (IL-7Rα) represents a biomarker with potential applications in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis and therapy. We have therefore searched by phage display potential IL-7Rα specific peptides with the primary goal being to develop in vivo molecular imaging tools. METHODS: IL-7Rα-targeted peptides were searched within a disulfide-constrained combinatorial phage displayed library of random linear heptapeptides. The apparent dissociation constant (Kd) and half maximal inhibition constant (IC50) were estimated for phage clones and synthesized peptides by ELISA...
October 12, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Jessica K R Boult, Marco Borri, Alexa Jury, Sergey Popov, Gary Box, Lara Perryman, Suzanne A Eccles, Chris Jones, Simon P Robinson
High grade and metastatic brain tumours exhibit considerable spatial variations in proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion, necrosis and oedema. Vascular heterogeneity arising from vascular co-option in regions of invasive growth (in which the blood-brain barrier remains intact) and neoangiogenesis is a major challenge faced in the assessment of brain tumours by conventional MRI. A multiparametric MRI approach, incorporating native measurements and both Gd-DTPA (Magnevist) and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (P904)-enhanced imaging, was used in combination with histogram and unsupervised cluster analysis using a k-means algorithm to examine the spatial distribution of vascular parameters, water diffusion characteristics and invasion in intracranially propagated rat RG2 gliomas and human MDA-MB-231 LM2-4 breast adenocarcinomas in mice...
September 27, 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
Jeffrey M Gaudet, Amanda M Hamilton, Yuanxin Chen, Matthew S Fox, Paula J Foster
PURPOSE: Cellular MRI) was used to detect implanted human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and the resulting macrophage infiltration that occurs in response to xenotransplantation. METHODS: Human mesenchymal stem cells were prelabeled with a fluorine-19 ((19) F) agent prior to implantation, allowing for their visualization and quantification over time. Following implantation of 1 × 10(6) (19) F-labeled hMSCs into the mouse hind limb, longitudinal imaging was performed to monitor the stem cell graft...
September 9, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Runze Yang, Susobhan Sarkar, Daniel J Korchinski, Ying Wu, V Wee Yong, Jeff F Dunn
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is an aggressive brain cancer with a poor prognosis. The use of immune therapies to treat GBM has become a promising avenue of research. It was shown that amphotericin B (Amp B) can stimulate the innate immune system and suppress the growth of brain tumor initiating cells (BTICs). However, it is not feasible to use histopathology to determine immune activation in patients. We developed an MRI technique that can rapidly detect a therapeutic response in animals treated with drugs that stimulate innate immunity...
August 29, 2016: Neuro-oncology
Gitsios Gitsioudis, Philipp Fortner, Matthias Stuber, Anna Missiou, Florian Andre, Oliver J Müller, Hugo A Katus, Grigorios Korosoglou
To compare the value of inversion recovery with on-resonant water suppression (IRON) to conventional T1-weighted (T1w) MRA and computed tomography angiography (CTA) for visualization of peripheral nitinol stents. We visualized 14 different peripheral nitinol stents in vitro both using Gadolinium (Gd) and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron nanoparticles (USPIOs) for conventional T1w and IRON-MRA using clinical grade 1.5T MR scanner and iodinated contrast material for CTA using a 256-slice CT scanner. Parameter assessment included signal- and contrast-to-noise ratio (S/CNR), relative in-stent signal and artificial lumen narrowing...
November 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Colin G Stirrat, Shirjel R Alam, Thomas J MacGillivray, Calum D Gray, Rachael Forsythe, Marc R Dweck, John R Payne, Sanjay K Prasad, Mark C Petrie, Roy S Gardner, Saeed Mirsadraee, Peter A Henriksen, David E Newby, Scott I K Semple
BACKGROUND: Ultrasmall superparamagnetic particles of iron oxide (USPIO)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can detect tissue-resident macrophage activity and identify cellular inflammation. Clinical studies using this technique are now emerging. We aimed to report a range of normal R2* values at 1.5 and 3 T in the myocardium and other tissues following ferumoxytol administration, outline the methodology used and suggest solutions to commonly encountered analysis problems. METHODS: Twenty volunteers were recruited: 10 imaged each at 1...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Gregory C Brown, Gary J Cowin, Graham J Galloway
OBJECTIVE: This work describes a phantom containing regions of controlled R2* (1/T2*) values to provide a stable reference object for testing implementations of R2* relaxometry commonly used for liver and heart iron assessments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A carrageenan-strengthened gadolinium DTPA doped agarose gel was used to enclose nine gels additionally doped with ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxide. R2* values were determined at 1.5 T using multi-echo GRE sequences and exponential regression of pixel values from a region of interest against echo time using non-linear regression algorithms...
July 19, 2016: Magma
Francesca Valdora, Giovanna Cutrona, Serena Matis, Fortunato Morabito, Carlotta Massucco, Laura Emionite, Simona Boccardo, Luca Basso, Anna Grazia Recchia, Sandra Salvi, Francesca Rosa, Massimo Gentile, Marco Ravina, Daniele Pace, Angela Castronovo, Michele Cilli, Mauro Truini, Massimo Calabrese, Antonino Neri, Carlo Emanuele Neumaier, Franco Fais, Gabriella Baio, Manlio Ferrarini
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most prevalent leukemia among adults. Despite its indolent nature, CLL remains an incurable disease. Herein we aimed to monitor CLL disease engraftment and,progression/regression in a xenograft CLL mouse model using ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxide-magnetic resonance imaging (USPIO-MRI). Spleen contrast enhancement, quantified as percentage change in signal intensity upon USPIO administration, demonstrated a difference due to a reduced USPIO uptake, in the spleens of mice injected with CLL cells (NSG-CLL, n=71) compared to controls (NSG-CTR, n=17)...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Yi Wang
Assessment of lymph node status in patients with rectal cancer is important before operation and neoadjuvant treatment because it has an influence on definition of operative plan, strategy of chemoradiotherapy and prognosis of the patients with rectal cancer. The imaging modalities that can be used to assess lymph node status include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS), multi-row detector computer tomography (MDCT), and PET-CT. The existing imaging criteria for metastatic lymph nodes in rectal cancer have not been reached...
June 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Chun-Mei Qi, Lili Du, Wei-Heng Wu, Dong-Ye Li, Ji Hao, Lei Gong, Liangrong Deng, Tao Zhang, Chao Zhang, Yu Zhang
This study's goal was to assess the diagnostic value of the USPIO-(ultra-small superparamagnetic iron oxide) enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detection of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques in abdominal aorta in experimental atherosclerosis. Thirty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups, Group A and Group B. Each group comprised 15 animals which were fed with high cholesterol diet for 8 weeks and then subjected to balloon-induced endothelial injury of the abdominal aorta. After another 8 weeks, animals in Group B received adenovirus carrying p53 gene that was injected through a catheter into the aortic segments rich in plaques...
November 2015: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Ting Sha, Chunmei Qi, Wei Fu, J I Hao, Lei Gong, Hao Wu, Qingdui Zhang
Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) can identify atherosclerotic vulnerable plaque and atorvastatin can stabilize vulnerable plaque by inhibiting the inflammatory response. Using balloon injury in rabbit abdominal aortic endothelial cells and p53 gene transfecting the local plaque, we established an atherosclerotic vulnerable plaque model. In the treatment group, animals were treated with atorvastatin for 8 weeks. At the end of week 16, the animals in each group underwent medication trigger. USPIO-enhanced MRI was utilized to detect vulnerable plaque formation and the transformation of stable plaque in the treatment group...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Alice Busato, Roberta Bonafede, Pietro Bontempi, Ilaria Scambi, Lorenzo Schiaffino, Donatella Benati, Manuela Malatesta, Andrea Sbarbati, Pasquina Marzola, Raffaella Mariotti
PURPOSE: Recent findings indicate that the beneficial effects of adipose stem cells (ASCs), reported in several neurodegenerative experimental models, could be due to their paracrine activity mediated by the release of exosomes. The aim of this study was the development and validation of an innovative exosome-labeling protocol that allows to visualize them with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: At first, ASCs were labeled using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (USPIO, 4-6 nm), and optimal parameters to label ASCs in terms of cell viability, labeling efficiency, iron content, and magnetic resonance (MR) image contrast were investigated...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Yinmei Dong, Huaiwen Chen, Chao Chen, Xuefeng Zhang, Xia Tian, Yingying Zhang, Zhang Shi, Qi Liu
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) combined with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) is effective for the detection of atherosclerotic (AS) plaque, and paclitaxel is effective for the treatment of AS. C11 is a polypeptide with high affinity and specificity for collagen IV. It is abundantly expressed in the outer layer of AS plaque. This study aimed to develop USPIO + paclitaxel-loaded polymer-lipid hybrid theranostic nanoparticles conjugated with C11 (UP-NP-C11) for simultaneous imaging and treatment AS plaque...
June 2016: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
H Jalalzadeh, R Indrakusuma, R N Planken, D A Legemate, M J W Koelemay, R Balm
BACKGROUND: Methods are required to identify abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) at increased risk of rupture. Inflammatory characteristics of AAA can be visualised using advanced imaging techniques and have been proposed as potential predictors of aneurysm progression. The objective of this review was to determine which inflammatory imaging biomarkers are associated with AAA growth and rupture. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines...
September 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Antti P Salminen, Ivan Jambor, Kari T Syvanen, Peter J Bostrom
Staging of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) remains a challenge. It is generally acknowledged that the most commonly used imaging techniques have a trend to either upstage or downstage the disease. The aim of this review article is to evaluate the currently available scientific evidence for the use of imaging modalities in preoperative bladder cancer staging with special attention to the detection of lymph node metastasis (LNM). A non-systematic literature search utilizing PubMed database with terms MIBC and LN and MRI or PET or CT was performed with the search limited to articles published between 2010 and 2015...
April 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Abhishek Umashankar, Mandi J Corenblum, Sneha Ray, Michel Valdez, Eriko S Yoshimaru, Theodore P Trouard, Lalitha Madhavan
An essential component of developing successful neural stem cell (NSC)-based therapies involves the establishment of methodologies to noninvasively monitor grafted NSCs within brain tissues in real time. In this context, ex vivo labeling with ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) particles has been shown to enable efficient tracking of transplanted NSCs via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, whether and how USPIO labeling affects the intrinsic biology of NSCs is not thoroughly understood, and remains an active area of investigation...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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