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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343053/self-reported-graphic-personal-and-social-performance-scale-srg-psp-for-measuring-functionality-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#1
Ya Mei Bai, Cheng-Ta Li, Mu-Hong Chen, Yen Kuang Yang
OBJECTIVES: The self-reported graphic version of the Personal and Social Performance Scale (SRG-PSP) is the first graphic, self-reported rating scale that assesses functioning, and its reliability and validity have been documented in patients with schizophrenia. This study investigated the validity of SRG-PSP in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: Patients with BD were recruited from psychiatric outpatient clinics, and assessed with the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI)-Bipolar and CGI-Depression, the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS), the Global assessment of function (GAF), and the PSP...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342535/-professional-stressors-and-common-mental-health-disorders-causal-links
#2
C Nicolas, N Chawky, C Jourdan-Ionescu, M-S Drouin, C Page, N Houlfort, G Beauchamp, M Séguin
According to the World Health Organization, depression has become the leading cause of disability in the world, contributing significantly to the burden of health issues especially in the industrialized countries. This is a major public health problem, with potential impact on work climates, productivity at work and the continued existence of the organizations. Some recent studies have examined potential links between professional factors and common mental health disorders, but none have demonstrated a direct causal link...
March 22, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340321/exploring-the-relationship-between-cognition-and-functional-verbal-reasoning-in-adults-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-at-six-months-post-injury
#3
Petra Avramović, Belinda Kenny, Emma Power, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Louise Hunt, Sheila MacDonald, Rob Heard, Leanne Togher
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aims to determine the association between cognitive impairment and functional verbal reasoning in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), at six months post-injury. METHOD(S): 38 participants with severe TBI were assessed using the four tasks on the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) [1] and a battery of neuropsychological tests at 6 months post injury in a cross-sectional observational study...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340193/addressing-structural-barriers-to-hiv-care-among-triply-diagnosed-adults-project-bridge-oakland
#4
Christina Powers, Megan Comfort, Andrea M Lopez, Alex H Kral, Owen Murdoch, Jennifer Lorvick
People who are "triply diagnosed" with HIV, mental health issues, and substance-related disorders face tremendous barriers connecting to and remaining in HIV care. Authors of this article implemented Project Bridge Oakland (PBO), an intervention based on harm reduction and trauma-informed care, to help maintain continuity of care for triply diagnosed adults through cycles of criminal justice involvement. From August 2011 to December 2014, a clinical social worker and an HIV physician provided intensive case management for 19 clients living in Oakland, California...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339839/recent-advances-in-understanding-pelvic-floor-tissue-of-women-with-and-without-pelvic-organ-prolapse-considerations-for-physical-therapists
#5
Kimberly Saunders
Pelvic organ prolapse is a fairly common condition that imposes significant symptoms, diminished quality of life, social burden, financial expense, and surgical risk on women. As evidence supporting the benefit of pelvic floor muscle training in non-surgical management of pelvic organ prolapse grows, physical therapists are becoming a provider of choice interacting with women affected by pelvic organ prolapse. This perspective will review recent research on tissue characteristics of three key components of pelvic organ support: skeletal muscle, ligament, and the vaginal wall...
February 28, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339814/modulating-oxidative-stress-relieves-stress-induced-behavioral-and-cognitive-impairments-in-rats
#6
Naimesh Solanki, Ankita Salvi, Gaurav Patki, Samina Salim
Background: Persistent psychological stress often leads to anxiety disorders and depression. Benzodiazepines and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are popular treatment options but have limited efficacy, supporting the need for alternative treatment. Based on our recent preclinical work suggesting a causal link between neurobehavioral deficits and elevated oxidative stress, we hypothesized that interventions that mitigate oxidative stress can attenuate/overcome neurobehavioral deficits...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339177/multisensory-speech-perception-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-from-phoneme-to-whole-word-perception
#7
Ryan A Stevenson, Sarah H Baum, Magali Segers, Susanne Ferber, Morgan D Barense, Mark T Wallace
Speech perception in noisy environments is boosted when a listener can see the speaker's mouth and integrate the auditory and visual speech information. Autistic children have a diminished capacity to integrate sensory information across modalities, which contributes to core symptoms of autism, such as impairments in social communication. We investigated the abilities of autistic and typically-developing (TD) children to integrate auditory and visual speech stimuli in various signal-to-noise ratios (SNR). Measurements of both whole-word and phoneme recognition were recorded...
March 24, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339141/don-t-touch-me-autistic-traits-modulate-early-and-late-erp-components-during-visual-perception-of-social-touch
#8
Leehe Peled-Avron, Simone G Shamay-Tsoory
Although individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have impaired responses to interpersonal touch, the underlying neural correlates remain largely unknown. Here, we examined the neural correlates that underlie interpersonal touch perception in individuals with either high or low autistic traits. Fifty-three participants were classified as having either high or low autistic traits based on their performance on the autism quotient (AQ) questionnaire. We hypothesized that individuals with high AQ scores would have relatively high touch hypervigilance, reflected as earlier P1 and stronger late positive potential (LPP) responses, two components of event-related potentials that serve as electrophysiological markers of anxiety bias...
March 24, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338892/embodiment-and-schizophrenia-a-review-of-implications-and-applications
#9
Wolfgang Tschacher, Anne Giersch, Karl Friston
In recent decades, embodiment has become an influential concept in psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Embodiment denotes the study of the reciprocal (causal) relationships between mind and body, with the mind not only affecting the body but also vice versa. Embodied cognition comes to the fore in sensorimotor coupling, predictive coding, and nonverbal behavior. Additionally, the embodiment of the mind constitutes the basis of social interaction and communication, as evident in research on nonverbal synchrony and mimicry...
March 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338795/-mom-i-don-t-want-to-hear-it-brain-response-to-maternal-praise-and-criticism-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Jennifer S Silk, Kyung Hwa Lee, Rosalind D Elliott, Jill M Hooley, Ronald E Dahl, Anita Barber, Greg J Siegle
Recent research has implicated altered neural response to interpersonal feedback as an important factor in adolescent depression, with existing studies focusing on responses to feedback from virtual peers. We investigated whether depressed adolescents differed from healthy youth in neural response to social evaluative feedback from mothers. During neuroimaging, twenty adolescents in a current episode of major depressive disorder (MDD) and 28 healthy controls listened to previously recorded audio clips of their own mothers' praise, criticism and neutral comments...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338591/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-post-traumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#11
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (i) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (ii) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, Pubmed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337952/prenatal-maternal-stress-shapes-children-s-theory-of-mind-the-qf2011-queensland-flood-study
#12
G Simcock, S Kildea, G Elgbeili, D P Laplante, V Cobham, S King
Research shows that stress in pregnancy has powerful and enduring effects on many facets of child development, including increases in behavior problems and neurodevelopmental disorders. Theory of mind is an important aspect of child development that is predictive of successful social functioning and is impaired in children with autism. A number of factors related to individual differences in theory of mind have been identified, but whether theory of mind development is shaped by prenatal events has not yet been examined...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337154/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-suicidality-and-stigma
#13
REVIEW
Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
INTRODUCTION: Although suicidality is frequently the cause of stigma, it is conversely true that stigma may be the cause of suicidality. The present paper focuses on the complex relationships that exist between suicidal behavior and stigmatizing attitudes. METHODS: A narrative review of the topic will be presented on the basis of the relevant literature collected from an electronic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases, using stigma, public stigma, structural stigma, perceived stigma, self-stigma, suicide, attempted suicide, and suicidality as key words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336441/chronic-stress-induced-dendritic-reorganization-and-abundance-of-synaptosomal-pka-dependent-cp-ampa-receptor-in-the-basolateral-amygdala-in-a-mouse-model-of-depression
#14
Eun-Surk Yi, Seikwan Oh, Jang-Kyu Lee, Yea-Hyun Leem
Chronic stress is a precipitating factor for disorders including depression. The basolateral amygdala (BLA) is a critical substrate that interconnects with stress-modulated neural networks to generate emotion- and mood-related behaviors. The current study shows that 3 h per day of restraint stress for 14 days caused mice to exhibit long-term depressive behaviors, manifested by disrupted sociality and despair levels, which were rescued by fluoxetine. These behavioral changes corresponded with morphological and molecular changes in BLA neurons, including chronic stress-elicited increases in arborization, dendritic length, and spine density of BLA principal neurons...
March 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336344/participation-restriction-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-prevalence-and-correlations-with-cognitive-walking-balance-and-upper-limb-impairments
#15
Davide Cattaneo, Ilse Lamers, Rita Bertoni, Peter Feys, Johanna Jonsdottir
OBJECTIVE: To calculate percentage of participation restrictions according to disability level in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and to assess relationship between participation restriction, and cognitive, gait, balance and upper limb deficits. DESIGN: Cross sectional study SETTING: Rehabilitation unit PARTICIPANTS: 105 people with MS and 20 healthy subjects (HS) were screened in Belgium and Italy. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The Community integration questionnaire was used to assess participation in Home, Social and Productive Activities...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335879/are-social-and-communication-difficulties-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-social-anxiety
#16
Hannah Pickard, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Francesca Happé, William Mandy
OBJECTIVE: Social anxiety (SA) is a common condition associated with social and communication (SC) difficulties in typically developing young people, as well as those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Whether SC difficulties place children at risk for developing SA is unclear. Using a longitudinal design, the present study aimed to disentangle the relationship between SA symptoms and SC difficulties using a population-based sample of 9,491 children from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335467/through-the-kinesthetic-lens-observation-of-social-attunement-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#17
Rosemarie Samaritter, Helen Payne
This paper will present a movement-informed perspective to social attunement in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). BACKGROUND: Dance movement therapy (DMT) is a psychotherapeutic intervention that is used with participants with ASD in various settings. Regular clinical outcome monitoring in an outpatient setting in the Netherlands had shown positive effects on social attunement capacities in young people with ASD. However, a systematic study of the development of social attunement movement behaviors of participants with ASD throughout a DMT intervention was not yet available...
March 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334984/interdisciplinary-working-in-public-health-research-a-proposed-good-practice-checklist
#18
L Gavens, J Holmes, G Bühringer, J McLeod, M Neumann, A Lingford-Hughes, E S Hock, P S Meier
Background: Guidance on how different disciplines from the natural, behavioural and social sciences can collaborate to resolve complex public health problems is lacking. This article presents a checklist to support researchers and principle investigators to develop and implement interdisciplinary collaborations. Methods: Fourteen individuals, representing 10 disciplines, participated in in-depth interviews to explore the strengths and challenges of working together on an interdisciplinary project to identify the determinants of substance use and gambling disorders, and to make recommendations for future interdisciplinary teams...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334933/disrupted-in-schizophrenia-1is-essential-for-normal-hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal-hpi-axis-function
#19
Helen Eachus, Charlotte Bright, Vincent T Cunliffe, Marysia Placzek, Jonathan D Wood, Penelope J Watt
Psychiatric disorders arise due to an interplay of genetic and environmental factors, including stress. Studies in rodents have shown that mutants for Disrupted-In-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1), a well-accepted genetic risk factor for mental illness, display abnormal behaviours in response to stress, but the mechanisms through which DISC1 affects stress responses remain poorly understood. Using two lines of zebrafish homozygous mutant for disc1, we investigated behaviour and functioning of the hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal (HPI) axis, the fish equivalent of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis...
March 1, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334433/dietary-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#20
REVIEW
Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alice E Martin, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane review, last published in 2009 (Huertas-Ceballos 2009). Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP), including children with irritable bowel syndrome, is a common problem affecting between 4% and 25% of school-aged children. For the majority of such children, no organic cause for their pain can be found on physical examination or investigation. Many dietary inventions have been suggested to improve the symptoms of RAP. These may involve either excluding ingredients from the diet or adding supplements such as fibre or probiotics...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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