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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632135/evaluation-of-the-branched-chain-amino-acid-to-tyrosine-ratio-prior-to-treatment-as-a-prognostic-predictor-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#1
Toru Ishikawa, Michitaka Imai, Masayoshi Ko, Hiroki Sato, Yujiro Nozawa, Tomoe Sano, Akito Iwanaga, Keiichi Seki, Terasu Honma, Toshiaki Yoshida
This study evaluated whether the branched-chain amino acid-to-tyrosine ratio (BTR) is a prognostic predictive factor in patients with liver cirrhosis by determining the relationship of the BTR with event-free survival in a retrospective, observational cohort study. The medical records of patients with liver cirrhosis who visited our institution from February 2000 to May 2012 were examined. Events due to liver cirrhosis were defined as death, worsening of esophageal and/or gastric varices, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver failure...
June 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623354/tomographic-particle-image-velocimetry-using-smartphones-and-colored-shadows
#2
Andres A Aguirre-Pablo, Meshal K Alarfaj, Er Qiang Li, J F Hernández-Sánchez, Sigurdur T Thoroddsen
We demonstrate the viability of using four low-cost smartphone cameras to perform Tomographic PIV. We use colored shadows to imprint two or three different time-steps on the same image. The back-lighting is accomplished with three sets of differently-colored pulsed LEDs. Each set of Red, Green & Blue LEDs is shone on a diffuser screen facing each of the cameras. We thereby record the RGB-colored shadows of opaque suspended particles, rather than the conventionally used scattered light. We subsequently separate the RGB color channels, to represent the separate times, with preprocessing to minimize noise and cross-talk...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619806/draft-genome-sequence-of-geobacter-pelophilus-strain-dfr2-a-ferric-iron-reducing-bacterium
#3
Tomo Aoyagi, Hideaki Koike, Tomotake Morita, Yuya Sato, Hiroshi Habe, Tomoyuki Hori
Here, we report a draft genome sequence of Geobacter pelophilus strain Dfr2, a ferric iron-reducing bacterium. This genome information will further our understanding of the mechanisms underlying electron transfer from microorganisms to ferric iron oxides.
June 15, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616545/assessment-of-various-parameters-using-simple-non-invasive-tests-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-with-or-without-cardiac-rehabilitation
#4
Takashi Ueda, Shin-Ichiro Miura, Kanta Fujimi, Toshihisa Ishida, Takuro Matsuda, Masaomi Fujita, Yoshiyuki Ura, Kouji Kaino, Maya Sakamoto, Tomoe Horita, Tadaaki Arimura, Yuhei Shiga, Takashi Kuwano, Ken Kitajima, Keijiro Saku
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves cardiac function and exercise capacity in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Simpler techniques are needed for use by physicians in the examination room to assess the usefulness of CR. We enrolled 46 consecutive CVD patients in a CR program (CR group) and prospectively followed them for 3 months. We compared them to 18 age-, gender- and body mass index-matched CVD patients without CR (non-CR group). Various parameters were measured at baseline and after 3 months using 3 simple non-invasive tests: severity of atherosclerosis [arterial velocity pulse index and arterial pressure volume index (API)] were determined using PASESA®, an autonomic nerve total activity amount index and a coefficient of variation of the R-R interval (CVRR) were determined using eHEART®, and peripheral resistance index, pressure rate product, stroke volume and cardiac index were determined using nico®]...
September 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616223/clinical-outcomes-of-self-expandable-metal-stent-sems-placement-as-palliative-treatment-for-malignant-colorectal-obstruction-a-single-center-study-from-japan
#5
Toshikatsu Nitta, Jun Kataoka, Masato Ohta, Kensuke Fujii, Tomo Tominaga, Yoshihiro Inoue, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Takashi Ishibashi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the efficacy of self-expanding metal stent (SEMS) implantation as palliative treatment for malignant colorectal obstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with malignant colorectal obstruction who underwent SEMS insertion as palliative treatment in our hospital between March 2013 and December 2016. We analyzed demographic, clinical, and operative characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients (8 males, 5 females; median age, 80...
July 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601514/does-diabetes-mellitus-impact-prognosis-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-insights-from-a-meta-analysis
#6
Tomo Ando, Hisato Takagi, Alexandros Briasoulis, Takuya Umemoto
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is well known to increase mortality in several cardiovascular diseases. However, the prognostic impact of DM following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) remains controversial. We sought to assess the impact of DM on perioperative (in-hospital or 30-day) complications and mid-term (≥1 year) all-cause mortality after TAVI through meta-analysis. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PUBMED and EMBASE was conducted through January 1st 2002 to May 15th 2016...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597524/loosening-of-lipid-packing-promotes-oligoarginine-entry-into-cells
#7
Tomo Murayama, Toshihiro Masuda, Sergii Afonin, Kenichi Kawano, Tomoka Takatani-Nakase, Hiroki Ida, Yasufumi Takahashi, Takeshi Fukuma, Anne S Ulrich, Shiroh Futaki
Despite extensive use of arginine-rich cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs)-including octaarginine (R8)-as intracellular delivery vectors, mechanisms for their internalization are still under debate. Lipid packing in live cell membranes was characterized using a polarity-sensitive dye (di-4-ANEPPDHQ), and evaluated in terms of generalized polarization. Treatment with membrane curvature-inducing peptides led to significant loosening of the lipid packing, resulting in an enhanced R8 penetration. Pyrenebutyrate (PyB) is known to facilitate R8 membrane translocation by working as a hydrophobic counteranion...
June 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593485/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-bilateral-renal-infiltration-leading-to-acute-kidney-injury
#8
Tomoe Okubo, Shuma Hirashio, Minako Shimizu, Yoshiaki Kuroda, Shigehiro Doi, Takao Masaki
Acute kidney injury (AKI) because of bilateral renal infiltration is an uncommon presentation of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). A 52-year-old man presented to our institution with AKI and complaints of fatigue. Ultrasonography revealed a large, 15 cm granulomatous mass arising from the bilateral kidneys. The mass was biopsied laparoscopically, and histopathological analysis revealed evidence of DLBCL. The patient subsequently underwent R-CHOP therapy (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone)...
June 7, 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592990/predictors-of-successful-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-a-two-year-follow-up
#9
Ryoko Sawamoto, Takehiro Nozaki, Tomoe Nishihara, Tomokazu Furukawa, Tomokazu Hata, Gen Komaki, Nobuyuki Sudo
BACKGROUND: Weight regain is a common problem following weight loss intervention, with most people who seek treatment for obesity able to lose weight, but few able to sustain the changes in behavior required to prevent subsequent weight regain. The identification of factors that predict which patients will successfully maintain weight loss or who are at risk of weight regain after weight loss intervention is necessary to improve the current weight maintenance strategies. The aim of the present study is identify factors associated with successful weight loss maintenance by women with overweight or obesity who completed group cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) for weight loss...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587930/electrostatic-interaction-of-positive-charges-on-the-surface-of-psb31-with-photosystem-ii-in-the-diatom-chaetoceros-gracilis
#10
Ryo Nagao, Takehiro Suzuki, Akinori Okumura, Tomohiro Kihira, Ayaka Toda, Naoshi Dohmae, Katsuyoshi Nakazato, Tatsuya Tomo
Psb31, a novel extrinsic protein found in diatom photosystem II (PSII), directly binds to PSII core subunits, independent of the other extrinsic proteins, and functions to maintain optimum oxygen evolution. However, how Psb31 electrostatically interacts with PSII intrinsic proteins remains to be clarified. In this study, we examined electrostatic interaction of Psb31 with PSII complexes isolated from the diatom Chaetoceros gracilis. Positive or negative charges of isolated Psb31 proteins were modified with N-succinimidyl propionate (NSP) or glycine methyl ester (GME), respectively, resulting in formation of uncharged groups...
June 3, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578370/uncommon-oral-manifestation-of-lichen-sclerosus-critical-analysis-of-cases-reported-from-1957-to-2016
#11
S Tomo, I-S Santos, S-A de Queiroz, D-G Bernabé, L-E Simonato, G-I Miyahara
BACKGROUND: Lichen sclerosus is a mucocutaneous autoimmune disease which might be initiated by infectious pathogens as Borrelia Bugrdorferi and HPV. This disease shows destructive potential and is rarely diagnosed in oral mucosa. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the characteristics of cases described in literature from 1957 to 2016, looking to provide valuable evidence about clinicopathologic features of this disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A MedLine search was performed aiming to find oral lichen sclerosus cases in literature and discuss its demographical and pathological characteristics as well as treatment methods performed for these cases...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577970/development-and-evaluation-of-a-dimensionless-mechanistic-pan-coating-model-for-the-prediction-of-coated-tablet-appearance
#12
Daniel Niblett, Stuart Porter, Gavin Reynolds, Tomos Morgan, Jennifer Greenamoyer, Ronald Hach, Stephanie Sido, Kapish Karan, Ian Gabbott
A mathematical, mechanistic tablet film-coating model has been developed for pharmaceutical pan coating systems based on the mechanisms of atomisation, tablet bed movement and droplet drying with the main purpose of predicting tablet appearance quality. Two dimensionless quantities were used to characterise the product properties and operating parameters: the dimensionless Spray Flux (relating to area coverage of the spray droplets) and the Niblett Number (relating to the time available for drying of coating droplets)...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576265/incidence-and-outcomes-of-heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-in-patients-undergoing-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#13
Tesfaye Telila, Emmanuel Akintoye, Tomo Ando, Obsinet Merid, Sagar Mallikethi-Reddy, Alexandros Briasoulis, Cindy Grines, Luis Afonso
The main objective of this study was to investigate the incidence and magnitude of impact of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) on outcomes of patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve placement (TAVR). The impact of HIT on procedural outcomes after cardiac surgery has been described. We sought to investigate the incidence and outcomes of HIT after TAVR using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. We identified patients who underwent TAVR from 2011 to 2014. The primary outcome was the effect of HIT on inpatient mortality...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575744/decreased-neural-precursor-cell-pool-in-nadph-oxidase-2-deficiency-from-mouse-brain-to-neural-differentiation-of-patient-derived-ipsc
#14
Zeynab Nayernia, Marilena Colaianna, Natalia Robledinos-Antón, Eveline Gutzwiller, Frédérique Sloan-Béna, Elisavet Stathaki, Yousef Hibaoui, Antonio Cuadrado, Jürgen Hescheler, Marie José Stasia, Tomo Saric, Vincent Jaquet, Karl-Heinz Krause
There is emerging evidence for the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the regulation of stem cells and cellular differentiation. Absence of the ROS-generating NADPH oxidase NOX2 in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) patients, predominantly manifests as immune deficiency, but has also been associated with decreased cognition. Here, we investigate the role of NOX enzymes in neuronal homeostasis in adult mouse brain and in neural cells derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC). High levels of NOX2 were found in mouse adult neurogenic regions...
April 24, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575522/identification-of-biomarker-sets-for-predicting-the-efficacy-of-sublingual-immunotherapy-against-pollen-induced-allergic-rhinitis
#15
Minoru Gotoh, Osamu Kaminuma, Akihiro Nakaya, Kazufumi Katayama, Yuji Motoi, Nobumasa Watanabe, Mayumi Saeki, Tomoe Nishimura, Noriko Kitamura, Kazuko Yamaoka, Kimihiro Okubo, Takachika Hiroi
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is effective against allergic rhinitis, although a substantial proportion of individuals is refractory. Herein, we describe a predictive modality to reliably identify SLIT non-responders. We conducted a 2-year clinical study in 193 adult patients with Japanese cedar pollinosis, with biweekly administration of 2000 Japanese allergy units of cedar pollen extract as the maintenance dose. After identifying high-responder (HR) patients with improved severity scores and non-responder (NR) patients with unchanged or exacerbated symptoms, differences in 33 HR and 34 NR patients were evaluated in terms of peripheral blood cellular profiles by flow cytometry and serum factors by ELISA and cytokine bead array, both pre- and post-SLIT...
June 2, 2017: International Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573650/complete-versus-incomplete-revascularization-with-drug-eluting-stents-for-multi-vessel-disease-in-stable-unstable-angina-or-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-meta-analysis
#16
Tomo Ando, Hisato Takagi, Cindy L Grines
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether drug-eluting stent (DES) coronary complete revascularization (CR) confers clinical benefit over incomplete revascularization (IR) in patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD). BACKGROUND: Clinical benefit of CR over IR in patients with MVD with angina (both stable and unstable) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in DES has not been well studied. METHODS: We conducted a systematic online literature search of PUBMED and EMBASE...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573490/interactive-association-of-serum-uric-acid-and-total-bilirubin-with-renal-dysfunction-among-community-dwelling-subjects
#17
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Kensuke Senzaki, Yoshihisa Kasai, Tomo Kusunoki, Nobuyuki Ohtsuka, Teru Kumagi
PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease is a major public health concern. Serum uric acid (SUA) at high levels was oxidative stress agents, and total bilirubin (T-BiL) at mildly increased levels was potent antioxidants, but whether SUA and T-BiL produce an additive interaction for the risk of renal dysfunction remains unclear. METHODS: The subjects comprised 567 men aged 71 ± 8 (mean ± standard deviation) years and 853 women aged 70 ± 8 years from a rural village...
June 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570124/impact-of-the-prostate-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-version-2-on-mri-diagnosis-for-extracapsular-extension-of-prostate-cancer
#18
Yoh Matsuoka, Junichiro Ishioka, Hiroshi Tanaka, Tomo Kimura, Soichiro Yoshida, Kazutaka Saito, Yasuhisa Fujii, Kazunori Kihara
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to validate the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System, version 2 (PI-RADSv2), in assessing extracapsular extension (ECE), compared with PI-RADS, version 1 (PI-RADSv1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 210 patients with clinically localized prostate cancer underwent MRI and radical prostatectomy. Two readers independently interpreted the MR images. In PI-RADSv1, 5-point ECE risk scoring was used. In PI-RADSv2, ECE criteria included morphologic features and a tumor-capsule contact length (CL) greater than 10 mm...
June 1, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566592/a-prospective-study-of-the-efficacy-safety-and-pharmacokinetics-of-enteral-moxifloxacin-in-the-treatment-of-hemodialysis-patients-with-pneumonia
#19
Issei Tokimatsu, Katsumi Shigemura, Tomohiro Kotaki, Hiroki Yoshikawa, Fukashi Yamamichi, Tadashi Tomo, Soichi Arakawa, Masato Fujisawa, Jun-Ichi Kadota
Objectives To investigate the efficacy of oral moxifloxacin (MFLX) as a treatment for pneumonia in hemodialysis (HD) patients and the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of MFLX after oral administration. Methods Thirteen adult patients who required HD due to chronic renal failure were enrolled in the present study, which was performed to investigate the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in HD patients. A standard dose of MFLX (400 mg, once daily) was administered. The therapy was continued, discontinued, or switched to another antibiotic depending on the response of the pneumonia to MFLX...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551684/exhaled-breath-condensate-acidification-occurs-during-surgery-for-abdominal-cancer
#20
Archontia Mahairidou, Sophia Rodopoulou, Ioannis Tomos, Eirini Maratou, Effrosyni Manali, Thomas Raptakis, Spyros A Papiris, Anna Karakatsani
BACKGROUND/AIM: Acidification of exhaled breath condensate (EBC), reflecting airway inflammation and oxidative stress, has been reported in lung cancer patients undergoing lobectomy. We undertook this study to examine EBC pH changes during surgery for abdominal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: EBC pH was measured from 20 patients undergoing abdominal cancer resection before and during surgery. Repeated-measures of ANOVA and random-effects linear models were applied to compare mean EBC pH values in samples collected at different times...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
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