keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tomo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943552/aortic-aneurysm-associated-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-dic-that-responded-well-to-a-switch-from-warfarin-to-rivaroxaban
#1
Yasuko Kadohira, Shinya Yamada, Erika Matsuura, Tomoe Hayashi, Eriko Morishita, Shinji Nakao, Hidesaku Asakura
We describe a case in which uncontrolled chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) caused by an aortic aneurysm that was exacerbated by chemotherapy for lung cancer, showed dramatic improvement when warfarin, which was being administered for atrial fibrillation, was replaced by rivaroxaban, a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC). The present case is interesting because a DOAC was effective in treating DIC due to an aortic aneurysm, whereas warfarin, another oral anticoagulant, was ineffective. In controlling DIC, it is important to inhibit activated coagulation factors such as thrombin and activated factor X, rather than the coagulation factors, which act as substrates...
September 25, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942940/meta-analysis-comparing-%C3%A2-10-year-mortality-of-off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#2
Hisato Takagi, Tomo Ando, Shohei Mitta
Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is suggested to be associated with an increase in long-term (≥5-year) all-cause mortality. To determine whether off-pump CABG is associated with an increase in very long-term (≥10-year) all-cause mortality, we performed a meta-analysis of propensity-score matched observational comparative studies of off-pump versus on-pump CABG. MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched through May 2017. A hazard ratio of follow-up (including early) all-cause mortality for off-pump versus on-pump CABG was extracted from each individual study...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939321/ultrasound-guided-interscalene-brachial-plexus-nerve-block-with-an-ultralow-volume-of-local-anesthetic-for-post-thoracotomy-shoulder-girdle-pain
#3
Theodosios Saranteas, Anastasia Alevizou, Tatiana Sidiropoulou, Andreas Mavrogenis, Periklis Tomos, Panagiota Florou, Thomas Papadimos, Georgia Kostopanagiotou
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided interscalene nerve block using an ultralow volume of local anesthetic (5 mL of ropivacaine, 0.75%) for the management of post-thoracotomy shoulder girdle pain. DESIGN: Open-cohort, prospective, single-center study. SETTING: University hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Patients with post-thoracotomy shoulder girdle pain (visual analog scale [VAS] ≥5) received an ultrasound-guided interscalene nerve block...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927233/fibroblast-growth-factor-2-mediated-fgfr-erk-signaling-supports-maintenance-of-cancer-stem-like-cells-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Osamu Maehara, Goki Suda, Mitsuteru Natsuizaka, Shunsuke Ohnishi, Yoshito Komatsu, Fumiyuki Sato, Masato Nakai, Takuya Sho, Kenichi Morikawa, Koji Ogawa, Tomoe Shimazaki, Megumi Kimura, Ayaka Asano, Yoshiyuki Fujimoto, Shinya Ohashi, Shingo Kagawa, Hideaki Kinugasa, Seiji Naganuma, Kelly A Whelan, Hiroshi Nakagawa, Koji Nakagawa, Hiroshi Takeda, Naoya Sakamoto
In esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), a subset of cells defined by high expression of CD44 and low expression of CD24 has been reported to possess characteristics of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs). Novel therapies directly targeting CSCs have the potential to improve prognosis of ESCC patients. Although fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) expression correlates with recurrence and poor survival in ESCC patients, the role of FGF-2 in regulation of ESCC CSCs has yet to be elucidated. We report that FGF-2 is significantly upregulated in CSCs and significantly increases CSC content in ESCC cell lines by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)...
September 13, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924586/effectiveness-and-safety-of-metallic-stent-for-ileocecal-obstructive-colon-cancer-a-report-of-4-cases
#5
Tatsuya Ishii, Kosuke Minaga, Satoshi Ogawa, Maiko Ikenouchi, Tomoe Yoshikawa, Takuji Akamatsu, Takeshi Seta, Shunji Urai, Yoshito Uenoyama, Yukitaka Yamashita
Background and study aims  Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) have been widely used for left-sided colorectal obstruction. Few studies on SEMS placement for right-sided colonic obstructions have been reported because stenting in the right colon is technically difficult, particularly in the ileocecal region. We present 4 cases of successful bridge-to-surgery stenting for ileocecal cancer. Using an endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography catheter with a movable tip and a decompression tube was effective for stenting...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924486/expression-of-transcription-factors-in-men1-associated-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#6
Yasutaka Takeda, Yukihiro Fujita, Kentaro Sakai, Tomoe Abe, Tomonobu Nakamura, Tsuyoshi Yanagimachi, Hidemitsu Sakagami, Jun Honjo, Atsuko Abiko, Yuichi Makino, Masakazu Haneda
MEN1-associated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) may potentially express distinct hormones, but the mechanism has not been elucidated. Transcription factors such as MafA and Pdx1 have been identified to lead to beta cell differentiation, while Arx and Brn4 to alpha cell differentiation in developing pancreas. We hypothesized those transcription factors are important to produce specific hormones in pNETs, similarly to developing pancreas, and examined the expression of transcription factors in a case of MEN1 who showed immunohistological coexistence of several hormone-producing pNETs including insulinoma...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917553/absence-of-rotational-activity-detected-using-two-dimensional-phase-mapping-in-corresponding-three-dimensional-phase-maps-in-human-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Bhupesh Pathik, Jonathan M Kalman, Tomos Walters, Pawel Kuklik, Jichao Zhao, Andrew Madry, Prashanthan Sanders, Peter M Kistler, Geoffrey Lee
BACKGROUND: Current phase mapping systems for atrial fibrillation(AF) create two-dimensional(2D) maps. This process may affect the accurate detection of rotors. We developed a three-dimensional(3D) phase mapping technique that utilizes the 3D locations of basket electrodes to project phase onto patient-specific left atrial(LA) 3D surface anatomy. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether rotors detected in 2D phase maps were present at corresponding time segments and anatomical locations on 3D phase maps...
September 13, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910822/a-new-molecular-based-lymph-node-staging-classification-determines-the-prognosis-of-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Tomo Osako, Takuji Iwase, Masaru Ushijima, Rika Yonekura, Shinji Ohno, Futoshi Akiyama
BACKGROUND: The one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) assay is a novel molecular method that can detect metastasis in a whole lymph node based on cytokeratin 19 mRNA copy number. This cohort study aimed to establish an OSNA-based nodal staging (pN(mol)) classification for breast cancer. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 1039 breast cancer patients who underwent sentinel node (SN) biopsy using the OSNA assay. Cutoff value of the SN tumour burden stratifying distant disease-free survival (DDFS) was determined, and predictive factors for DDFS and breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) were investigated...
September 14, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910397/a-three-dimensional-strain-measurement-method-in-elastic-transparent-materials-using-tomographic-particle-image-velocimetry
#9
Azuma Takahashi, Sara Suzuki, Yusuke Aoyama, Mitsuo Umezu, Kiyotaka Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: The mechanical interaction between blood vessels and medical devices can induce strains in these vessels. Measuring and understanding these strains is necessary to identify the causes of vascular complications. This study develops a method to measure the three-dimensional (3D) distribution of strain using tomographic particle image velocimetry (Tomo-PIV) and compares the measurement accuracy with the gauge strain in tensile tests. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The test system for measuring 3D strain distribution consists of two cameras, a laser, a universal testing machine, an acrylic chamber with a glycerol water solution for adjusting the refractive index with the silicone, and dumbbell-shaped specimens mixed with fluorescent tracer particles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905178/single-versus-dual-anti-platelet-therapy-post-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Tomo Ando, Hisato Takagi, Alexandros Briasoulis, Luis Afonso
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the 30-days safety (bleeding and vascular events) and efficacy (reduction in major stroke, myocardial infarction and mortality) of single anti-platelet (SAPT) versus dual anti-platelet (DAPT) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). We used a meta-analytic method with Mantel-Haenszel methods to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Only randomized clinical trials that compared 30-days safety and efficacy based on Valve Academic Research Consortium criteria were included...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895947/database-of-multi-parametric-geophysical-data-from-the-tomo-dec-experiment-on-deception-island-antarctica
#11
Jesús M Ibáñez, Alejandro Díaz-Moreno, Janire Prudencio, Daria Zandomeneghi, William Wilcock, Andrew Barclay, Javier Almendros, Carmen Benítez, Araceli García-Yeguas, Gerardo Alguacil
Deception Island volcano (Antarctica) is one of the most closely monitored and studied volcanoes on the region. In January 2005, a multi-parametric international experiment was conducted that encompassed both Deception Island and its surrounding waters. We performed this experiment from aboard the Spanish oceanographic vessel 'Hespérides', and from five land-based locations on Deception Island (the Spanish scientific Antarctic base 'Gabriel de Castilla' and four temporary camps). This experiment allowed us to record active seismic signals using a large network of seismic stations that were deployed both on land and on the seafloor...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893760/characteristics-of-early-filtering-blebs-that-predict-successful-trabeculectomy-identified-via-three-dimensional-anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography
#12
Akiko Narita, Yuki Morizane, Tomoe Miyake, Jiro Seguchi, Tetsuya Baba, Fumio Shiraga
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To identify the cross-sectional characteristics of filtering blebs at 2 weeks post-trabeculectomy associated with intraocular pressure (IOP) control at 1 year post-trabeculectomy. METHODS: Ninety-nine eyes of 94 patients who had undergone primary trabeculectomy were included in this retrospective consecutive case series study. Surgical success was defined as an IOP ≤15 mm Hg and a >20% reduction in IOP without glaucoma medication or additional glaucoma surgeries at 1 year post-trabeculectomy...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884681/resource-depletion-through-primate-stone-technology
#13
Lydia V Luncz, Amanda Tan, Michael Haslam, Lars Kulik, Tomos Proffitt, Suchinda Malaivijitnond, Michael Gumert
Tool use has allowed humans to become one of the most successful species. However, tool-assisted foraging has also pushed many of our prey species to extinction or endangerment, a technology-driven process thought to be uniquely human. Here, we demonstrate that tool-assisted foraging on shellfish by long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park, Thailand, reduces prey size and prey abundance, with more pronounced effects where the macaque population size is larger. We compared availability, sizes and maturation stages of shellfish between two adjacent islands inhabited by different-sized macaque populations and demonstrate potential effects on the prey reproductive biology...
September 8, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883213/present-status-of-displaying-pharmaceutical-products-for-sale-on-flea-market-applications-for-smartphones-and-the-responses-to-illicit-selling-by-service-providers
#14
Keiko Kishimoto, Tomoe Takeuchi, Noriko Fukushima
  In Japan, a pharmacy or drug store license is required for selling pharmaceutical products. However, civilians without a pharmacy or drug store license are displaying pharmaceutical products for sale on a flea market application, which is illegal dealing. This study discussed the modality for implementing countermeasures for the illicit selling of pharmaceutical products. We extracted pharmaceutical products displayed for sale on three flea market applications (Mercari, Rakuma, Fril) on one day. One hundred and eighty-one pharmaceutical products were displayed (49 on Mercari, 86 on Rakuma, and 46 on Fril)...
September 5, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881943/ecomment-neoadjuvant-treatment-for-advanced-thymomas-is-downstaging-realistic-when-opting-for-thoracoscopic-surgery
#15
Ekaterini Christina Tampaki, Athanasios Tampakis, Periklis Tomos, Gregory Kouraklis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878458/evaluation-of-bilateral-force-deficit-in-shoulder-flexion-using-a-handheld-dynamometer-in-healthy-subjects
#16
Kensuke Shimada, Tomo Onishi, Yoshiko Ogawa, Junichiro Yamauchi, Shigeo Kawada
[Purpose] This study aimed to develop a simple, inexpensive, and accurate method for measuring the strength of shoulder flexion (Experiment 1) and evaluate the bilateral force deficit in shoulder flexion (Experiment 2) in healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] In Experiment 1, maximal voluntary contractions (MVCs) in isometric shoulder flexion were measured on both sides using an isometric dynamometer (ID) and a hand-grip dynamometer (HGD), as an alternative dynamometer, in six subjects. In Experiment 2, bilateral force deficit was evaluated using HGD in 21 subjects who performed unilateral and bilateral MVCs in isometric flexions of the shoulder...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877615/clinicopathologic-investigation-of-methotrexate-induced-lymphoproliferative-disorders-with-a-focus-on-regression
#17
Michihide Tokuhira, Shuntaro Saito, Ayumi Okuyama, Katsuya Suzuki, Morihiro Higashi, Shuji Momose, Takayuki Shimizu, Takehiko Mori, Tomoe Anan-Nemoto, Koichi Amano, Shinichiro Okamoto, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Jun-Ichi Tamaru, Masahiro Kizaki
Although recent accumulative data reveal the clinicopathogenesis of regression in methotrexate-induced lymphoproliferative disorders (MTX-LPDs), the precise understanding including this category remains controversial. In this study, we analyzed 62 patients with MTX-LPD. Forty-three patients showed regression (Reg group), with high rates of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and LPD (90 and 88%, respectively). Among the 43 patients of the Reg group, 14 patients (33%) relapsed. The median duration before relapse in the Reg group was 10...
September 7, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874550/prenatal-neurogenesis-induction-therapy-normalizes-brain-structure-and-function-in-down-syndrome-mice
#18
Akiko Nakano-Kobayashi, Tomonari Awaya, Isao Kii, Yuto Sumida, Yukiko Okuno, Suguru Yoshida, Tomoe Sumida, Haruhisa Inoue, Takamitsu Hosoya, Masatoshi Hagiwara
Down syndrome (DS) caused by trisomy of chromosome 21 is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disability. Although the prenatal diagnosis of DS has become feasible, there are no therapies available for the rescue of DS-related neurocognitive impairment. A growth inducer newly identified in our screen of neural stem cells (NSCs) has potent inhibitory activity against dual-specificity tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated kinase 1A (DYRK1A) and was found to rescue proliferative deficits in Ts65Dn-derived neurospheres and human NSCs derived from individuals with DS...
September 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868339/low-frequency-and-low-intensity-ultrasound-irradiation-to-the-forearm-improves-an-index-of-arterial-stiffness-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension
#19
Katsunori Nonogaki, Mari Murakami, Tomoe Yamazaki, Naohiko Nonogaki
OBJECTIVES: The arterial pressure-volume index (API) is a non-invasive assessment of arterial stiffness, and is suggested as a useful predictor of future cardiovascular events. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound applied to the forearm for 10 min on the API in Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes and hypertension. METHODS: We examined the effects of low-frequency and low-intensity ultrasound (800 kHz, 25 mW/cm(2)) applied to the forearm for 10 min on the API, blood pressure (BP) and pulse rate in 40 Japanese subjects (13 men and 27 women; mean age ± SE, 70 ± 2 years) with type 2 diabetes and hypertension, who had the API > 30 and systolic BP > 140 mmHg at a clinic visit...
September 2017: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862381/a-systematic-review-of-reported-cases-of-combined-transcatheter-aortic-and-mitral-valve-interventions
#20
Tomo Ando, Hisato Takagi, Alexandros Briasoulis, Tesfaye Telila, David P Slovut, Luis Afonso, Cindy L Grines, Theodore Schreiber
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the published data of combined transcatheter aortic and mitral valve intervention (CTAMVI). BACKGROUND: CTAMVI, a combination of either transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve (TAViV) and transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR), transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve/valve-in-ring (TMViV/ViR), or percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) is an attractive alternative in high-surgical risk patients with combined aortic and mitral valve disease...
September 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
keyword
keyword
32387
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"